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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 15, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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April 15, 1911

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?:3 ? J r i  - ( 4 m Easter Offerings That should oreatiy interest the women folks. All Hioh Class Goods, but at Baroain Prices for One Week Oily WOMEN'S GOWNS of fine nainsook; slip-over style, short flowing sleeves; beautifully trimmed with dainty laces and em'broideries ; six different styles to select front; $1.75 cud $1.98 1 qO valnes. For today's selling .......... /, WOMEN'S PETTICOATS of excellent cam'bric. made semi-ho:bble; flounce of lace insertion and; also one style with deep an-over $1 35 pattern era,broidery; $1.98 values' at. '. t CORSET COVER of fine nainsook; made in French style, trimmed back and front wit'h new ecb-weh lace; others with Val. laces; neck and arn),holes tri,mmed to match; Nn 65c valnes ............................ ,JUU NEW PANTS OF NAINSOOK, wide flare ruf- fle, rimmed vitJh .medallions of embroidery or }aces; pen and closed styles; 48C 65c alnes ............................ CHILD'S WHITE LAWN DRESS f fine qual- ity lawn; Dute'h neck, kimono sleeves; front and sleeves trimmed with lace medallions; flfll pleated skirts; sizes 2 to 6, $1 48 at ........ .oo o .... . ....... . ..... ... il MESSALINE SILK PETTICOATS, best qual- ity messfline tailored flounce; colors, 'black, light blue pink, champagne and $3 9:5 pearl; $5.00 values ................... , W TAXATION OF SPANISH RELIGIOUS Continued from Pale 3 that the above fairly represents a grievance alleged by the premier's sup- porters uncontradicted by him. There are also not a few ,Spaniards, uneon- "scious of any ill-will to the order, who are prepossessed with the same false notion that the religious are either not taxed, or are taxed with exceptional leniency. By spreading the same, they unconsciously help on the anti-Catholic campaign. What, then, is the truth with regard to the taxation of Spanish religious? The subject may be divid- ed into two separate question--the question of principle and the ques.-:o'l of fact. Ought the congregations to be taxed like other citizens, andapart from this--are they equally taxed as a matter of fact? The nmin concern of this article is with the question of fact. Yet it may be permitted to say a passing word upon the principle of the thing. Tld) contention is that, when it comes to the exercise of industries, the relig- ious ought to be placed precisely on an equality with the ordinary man of commerce. This view has a common sense appearance. But is it quite un- assailable? A good deal may be urged in favor of the contrary opinion. The cases of 'industrial" religious and or- dinary traders d not seem to be paral. ]el. The private trader--apart from the fact that he is free to trade and speculate to a degree that is forbidden to the religious by ecclesiastical law-- nmkes money for his own personal pro?- it,. or that of his family. Vihat money he makes goes into his private purse for the improvement of his own condi- tion. Now, as every ordinarily well- informed Catholic knows, the scale of livingthe food, clothing and lodging of the religious is permanently fixed ac- cording to an extremely modest stand- ard, by rule. The religious is not en- riched in proportion to any gains that may accrue to his house from indus- Cries. The religious has no private purse or forfuno to dispose of for his own benefit, however wealthy he may have been in the world. Consequently, whatever moneys may spring from the sale of chocolate, linen, liquor, or ar- ticles made in the course of teaching trades to poor boys and girls, go into the common fund, and are for the most part spent upon the maintenance and development of the social works assign- ed to the order in question; or else they are spent largely upon charities. The Carthusian monks may be taken as a crucial test. They engage in industry the making of "chartrcuse"--on a more extensive scale, probably, than any other order. Yet they are noted for two things: for the personal pover- ty and extreme abnegation of their lives, on the one side, and, on the other, for the liberal profusion of their char- itiea. The .country around the ow "liquidated" Grande Chartreuse of France is sadly conscious of the void created by the expulsion of these monks by M. Combos. Hospitals in the neighborhood have lost their most gen- erous supporters, cures and nlissions can no longer turn to the fathers in their needs, aud the peasantry have to face bad times unrelieved from the monas- tery purse. Again, how many Spanish religious devote themselves--as in Bar- celona--to the gratuitous training of the children of the poor, and to teach- ing them trades! It is surely a public benefit thus to turn into well-conducted and useful members of society those who would otherwise go to swell the ranks of ne'er-do-weels, vagrants and criminals. Hence, it may fairly be ar- gued that if the State and the nation at large benefit by the beneficent labors of the religious free of charge, it is em,inently reasonable that the State should make them some return ,by lightening their burden of taxation. But, as has been already stated, the question of fact is at present the main theme. As a factj then, is it true that Span- ish religious escape taxation? Taking religious orders as a whole, the truth is precisely the opposite. The only con- gregations which receive any excep- tional treatment from the State in this ntatter are: 1. A very small number of comnmnities of strictly cloistered nuns, which existed in 1851, when the Concordat was signed with the Holy See. 2. Also under the Concordat, the Vincentians and Oratorians, in consid- eration of special services rendered to the nation in Spanish colonies by these congregations. The Concordat also mentions "one other congregation" which is to enjoy similar privileges. But to the profit of the Spanish treas- ury the said "other congregation" has never yet been fixed upon. With these exceptions, sanctioned by the government itself, whatever any Spanish citizen has to pay in taxes, that all Spanish religious pay equally under the same conditions. But the reader may wish to have sontething more satisfactory than a mere assertion of the fact. For this reason he may like to have, in sub- stance, the detailed account of this .matter, supplied in the form of a dia- logue, by Padre Tomas, C.SS.R., in the pages of La Propaganda Catollca, for the last October 22 and 26. His pre- sentment of the case reveals a large amount of first-hand information, and is calculated to carry conviction to any unbiased mind. What, asks Father Ramos, are the taxes to which a Spanish citizen is lia- ble? They are these: 1. "I.mpuesto de consumos"--equivalent to the French 'Octroi,'' or tax on food at its introduction iuto a town or village. The government's arrangements for the collection of this tax are such as to make it practically impossible--under THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN nornml conditions---for anyone to es- cape the charge. Officials are placed at the approaches to a town or village to examine imports. A declaration on the part of the conveyers that the food was destined to the use of religious would stand small chance of acceptance in place of payment. If anything, it is more likely that underpaid officials might add to their meagre salaries by overcharging a class of persons who wouhl be held unlikely to fight the mat- ter out. The payment by the religious at Vcnta de BanGs of doubtfully due taxes, presently to be menti0ned af- fords some ground for such a specula-i tion. 2. "Dcscuento sobre la renta"-- anglice, "discount deducted from in- conic" a species of income tax. As a charge upon the individual citizen, this tax does not apply to the individual religious. Religious are taxed corpo- rately as "associations," and on the saute scale as civil societies. This: however, is no si)ecial privilege con- ceded to the congregations. The relig- ious, as having no private fortune, is dealt with like sny other citizen who has no taxable income. But he is in- directly taxed through the taxation of his community. 3. "La cedula personal"--approxi- mately ' ' personal certificate' '--a paper which each Spaniard has to take out annually, paying a tax varying accord- ing to his condition of life. If religious did uot take out their "cedulas" they would soon find themselves in difficul- ties. No publi document or "deed" can be legally executed without the msscssion of this certificate; no con- tract can be signed; and even railway companies may refuse to issue certain kinds of tickets if it be not fortllcom- lng. 4. '  La Contribucion' ,__l, t&e con- tribution" or "tribute." This is of three kinds: (a) Industrial, (b) on land of every kind, (c) on town prop. erty. Industrial Tax. This tax is levied upon all religious who exercise their of themselves or through others any form of industry. Thus the Carthusians of Taragona (the exiled French monks of the Grande Chartreuse) are repre- sented by a company known as "La Union Agricola," which manages the sale of their famous liquor, and is taxed just as any other commercial firm. In fact, Father dames affirms that the Carthusians pay more heavily. Simi- larly the Trappists at Yenta de Banes pay substantially into the treasury, The Redemptorist writer publishes a finan- cial statement obtained by him from the monastery accountant. It will be enough here to say that this detailea statement shows payment of .taxes on no less titan five separate accounts, and that the total contribution to the State amounts to 2,631 pesetas anfiually. Moreover, the accountant mentions that the special charge of 265 pesetas for foodstuffs and live stvck is paid punctually with the rest of the taxes. air.hough the locality of the ;monastery makes it doubtful whether the said amount is chargeable or not. Again, the Trinitarian nuns of Ma- drid pay a tax of 3,000 pesetas annually into the treasury for exercising some very slender industries. Some years ago a discussion arose in the Municipal Council of Madrid am to whether the convent paid it. Some denied it, where- upon the Duke de Arevalo del Roy-- one of the councilors--defended the nuns, and the next (lay confronted the municipality with its own receipt for the amount. If religious publish peri- odicals .or reviews they incur the same charges as any other editors. Father Ramos cites as an instance the maga- zine entitled E1 Perpetuo Socorro, un- der Redemptorist direction. The term industrial tax, however, seems to bear a somewhat wide mean- ing, seeing that religious who manage colleges have to pay it, in addition to other taxes. It is not clear in what intelligible sense teaching letters to the young can be called an industrial pur- suit. Yet the industrial tax is hnposed upon the f'tthers of the pious schools, or "Escolapi.os"--a teaching body founded by St. Joseph Calasanctius and enjoying great repute in Spain. These religious educate free of charge some 1,400 youths. The Jesuit colleges are similarly treated. As regards the two other species of "contribucion," relig- ious enjoy no exemption whatever. They pay what other citizens do in like conditions. In Biscay there is no land tax, whether for religious or for the laity. 4. "Papal del Estado"--'Govern - mcnt Paper." This is a reduction of 20 per cent on payment for coupons connected witl' the national debt. The coupons are presented by their holders, and the government pays at the rate of 5 per cent or 4 per cent, according as the coupons relate to the "redeem- able" or the "inextinguishable" por- tion of the aforesaid debt. It is un- necessary to add that, upon the pro. sentment of coupons by religious, the government officials do not remit the 20 per cent reduction. For completeness' sake it may bc added that Spanish religious have to stamp their letters like the rest of Spanish citizens. Hence, false charges against the orders of evading taxes comes with specially bad grace from senators and deputies--or their hang- ers-on-who avail themselves of special mail bags, or "estafetas," and thus escape the expense of postage. Let there be no mistake as to the ntain position taken up in the forego- mg remarks. It is not that the pay- ment )f taxes by the congregations should be reputed unto .the orders for special merit on their part. The law obliging them to pay may be equitable or--for reasons briefly suggested fur- ther backinequitable, at all events in the case of many institutes. But there appears, to be no intrinsi ijus- I flee in that law. The true situation is this: Anmngst the various reasons alleged for interfering with the relig. ious congregations is t:he statement, repeated parrot-like from mouth to mouth in Spain, that these bodies do ot observe the law. That is simply untrue. And it is hard to believe that these in government posts are unaware of the untruth. If they were so, then such ignorance of public facts con- nected with the revenue would dis- qualify them for their position. Enough, probably, .ham been said to show that the last of the three anti- clerical apples is as unprofitable as its fellows. Of course, not one of the charges in the anticlerical indictment is the real one ia the mind of those who seek to procure the ruin of the order by inches. Whether the Spanish premier is fully alive to the flimsy character of his case, or is blinded by brilliancy of his own oratory, it is not for ns to judge. The destructive criticism to which all his allegations were subjected during the debaes on the law "del Canado" amy not have enlightened him. One thing at least is certain. The Catalan-Balearic Lodge of Freemasons, which not loug since sent a letter of congratulations and en- couragement to Senor Canalejas, on the score of his anti-Catholic policy, has .quite a different complaint to make against bodies who maintain a high ideal of Christian living. Their un-. pardona,ble crime is that they add con- siderable strength to the cause of ]Christ in this world--that cause which Spanish Freemasons, like the rest of their continental brethren, are pro- fessedly and insanely bent upon de- feating. PUBLIC STENOGRAPHER. All kinds of stenographic work, fac simile typewritten letters and official reporting. Miss Mary A. Fein, 301-302. Southern Trust Building. VIEWS OF MR. SULZER, ET AL Continued from Pag 6 that purpose would be an extraordi- narily insincere and cowardly perform- ance, at the very moment when in Eu- rope the Catholic church is being stead- ily dispossessed in Catholic countries of the control it once exercised; and when in the United States the effects of democracy on the Catholic church are phtinly much wider and deeper than the effects of the Catholic church on either American governments or American society. To restrict immi- gration becanse, for the tinte being, immigration is more Catholic than Protestant would be the public confes- sion of lack of faith in the efficacy of religious toleration and the independ- ence of church and state as bulwarks of political freedom. "7. Finally, it hs been lately maintained by some persons of hu- mane proclivities that America is no longer needed am a refuge for people f other lands* who think themselves politically or industrially unfortunate at home. If this were really the case. the present extraordinary nfigrations of the European races would come to a natural end. People who exile thenl- selves and encounter all th.e risks of a new start in life in a strange land must have some strong motive for such extraordinary conduct. At any rate, the decision of the question whether America is still needed as a refuge may best be left to the decision of the people most interested, to the peo- ple who, t)eing poor or hopeless at home, think they see brighter pros- pects and an animating hope in tho New Wrld. The peol)le now occupy- ing the United States know that those prospects are brighter, and they are themselves animated by a great hope, the hope that freedom nourishes. The American people, if they get a chance to express themselves, will not be fouud in favor of shutting the door on any honest and healthy persons who believe they can better themselves by coming to America, and are enterpris- ing enough to assume the inevitable risks. "The arguments against further re- strictions of imnfigration are essen- tially arguments to the sense of grat, itude, justice and generosity in the actual Americans of todsy. "Sincerely yours, Charles W. Eliot. ' 'Edward Lauterbach Esq." (February 4, /911. Mr. Bonnet of New York--Mr. Chair- man, I ask unanimous consent to insert in the Record a letter from Mr. An- drew Carnegie. The Chairman--Is there objection? There was no objection. The paper referred to is as follows: '2 East 91st 'St., New York, Feb. 2, 1911. 'Edward Lauterbach, Esq., President National Liberal Immigration League ].50 Nassau Street, New York City: "Dear SirResponding to yours ell December 31. "Bismarck once made the statement that America was draining Germany of .its best blood. This was at a time when inmfigration was at high flood from Germany. :In retch t years it averages less than 30,000 people an- nually. One year it was 27,000, of which our fortunate repu,blie obtained 26,000, the remaining ],000 being scat- tered over other lands. A first-class, healthy man slave was worth $1,500 when men were bought and sold. Every German nmn that ar- rives here is worth a groat deal more. So it is with the Scotch, the Irish and the English, and not less so with the Scandinavians and the healthy, able- bodied men of good character of other nationalities. "The importations of human beings' are the most valuable of all imports. With a population in otir territory II I Page even Good Flour Essential to Good Cooking The housewife proud of ,her bread, :biscuit, pies and cakes wi'll find 'her best efforts of no avail mfless the flour s alrig,ht. "Southern Cross" is the very best flour ?reduced in tim United States. It is made of dlmice No. 1 wheat and is better than the highest latent flour, which is generally sold as the best flour. "THETA" FLOUR. Ilighest patent, will compare avora'bly with he best flou handled 'by first-e lass grocers. 24-1b Sacks. : ............................. : .......... i .75c 48-1b Sacks .......................................... $1.45 Barrel .... : .......................................... $5.50 "PALACE" FLOUR. The Best Grade Made. 24-1b Sacks ............................................ 65c 48-1b Sacks .......................................... $1.25 Barrel ............................................... $5.00 Bargain in "Rajah" Tea If you drink Tea, 'here 'is an offer t'hat shouht induce you to lay in a su.pply for t,he summer, when ced Ia s so r,fresh- ing, cooling ,and palata.ble. We offer for THIS WEEK ONLY the celebrated Rajah Tea frodm Ceylon at ha'lf price, .an .offer so exceptional that it has never ,been made in Little Rock before and never will be ag*a!n. Regular Price 75c per Pound This Week 35c DISTRIBUTING POINTS : Sixteent'h and 'Gaines--Phone 446 Wright and Summit AvenuesPhone 276 Critz Bros. Grocery Company The Latest Styles of Pattern and Tailored Hats For Easter Wear i i i|1 Just received at Friedman &Co.'s 107 E. Markham And arc on display at Astonishingly low prides which does not greatly exceed 30 per has been corrupted by a vile press. square mile, while Belgium has nearly The glitter of churchly vestments 600 per square mile and England about beautiful and commendable in them- the same, it would pay us to give a selves--cannot deliver the message )remium for every able-bodied man or which the ugly black little type can woman of good character tha could be deliver. The vestments soon lose their induced to come here. meaning for the minds of the people. "The best test of the value of the zmmigrant lies in the fact that a work. mgman and his wife have the ambi- tion to better their condition so strong. [y implanted th,t they have sufficient money for their passage to settle in the land where 'one man's privilege ts every man's right.' "Let the objectors to opening our gates to able-bodied immigrants of good charactzr reflect where our coun- try would have been except for that invaluable element. Very truly yours, 'Andrew Garnegie." SOME HOMEL' TRUTHS Contlnnd from Pae 2 ]?ranee," Italy, Spain and Portugal Experience every day is proving the truth of the words of the saintly Plus X. Itow much cruel truth and bitter irony in the following which we take from the current number of the Jesuit periodical   America. ' ' "The following notice signed, A Religious Community,' ppears in a provincial newspaper of Spain. 'All religious communities ought to make some sacrifice for the Catholic press; the fate that awaits them is intimate- ly bound up with the prosperity of; the more powerful the Cath- 0]ic press tlre further will extend its influence to keep up or to create in public opinion an atmosphere favorable to the existence of associations of re- have magnificent churches; they are ligious. Tf the religious communities he wonder of the world. For centuries in France had made for the Catholic these nations have possessed colleges I press a hundredth part of the sacri- and nniversitios. . l fices that they made to put up magnifi. BUT THEY WERE W:ITHOUT A] cent buildings, which were afterward CAHOL:IC PRESS; THEY ARE]stolen from them, the Catholic news. NOW WITItOUr A CATROLIC]papers cotth have striven fruitfully PRESS. It is true that each of them against the sectarian press which con- has some Catholic ppers and likely tributed so much to the enactment of ninny theological reviews; but these the laws of exploitation and expul. did not reach the bulk of the people, sign. Let ui learn from this what They were of limited circulation. And Spanish religions communities onght to the great heart of a Catholic peopl do.' " The German National Bank OF LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS CAPITAL, $300,000 Founded 187 Surplus and Profits, $350,000 R. A. LITrLE, Presldeul E.T. REAVES. Cashlee R.H. THOMPSON, Ass't Cash'r O. PoROIblNSON,V..Pres. I). G. FONES. V-Pres. M.H. LONG. Ass't Cash'r )ur ] zrge llst o| correspondents and the superior equipment ot our Collection Department afford unequa]l |acilltle* or and] n a[I businea entrusted to us. The comervatlve yet pro2renive methods which have characterized the manase- ,ent of this hank have aot on|y marked its htozy "with meceu, but anum continued utfcty an *atls|action to it patrons. WE PAY INTEREST ON TIME CERTIFICATES OF DEPOSIT We respectfully Invite Accounts ol those who desire a Sate Depository for their Funds . . , .'