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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 15, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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April 15, 1911

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THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN Page Fiva 1 OFFICERS SAM W. REYBURN President E. C THOMPSON Vice President GEORGE B. ROSE Vtce President MOORHEAD WRIGHT Vice PreJ. and Treaa C. P. PERRIE SmcrerT CAPITAL &SURPLUS $350,000.00 DEPOSITS OVER $1,000,000.00 HIS ONLY COMFORT FOR NINE- TEEN PEARS. Itow pathetic the story which comes to us from Pennsylvania of a poor Hungarian who was falsely accused of the murder of a fellow-workmanji convicted and sentenced to prison for life. And now after nineteen years have passed it turns out that he was not guilty of the erime at all. A coun- tryman of his,. in far distant Hungary, tortured in conscience, has confessed that he falsely gave evidence agatnzt the accused man. This is one of those sad incidents of which the world is filled, hidden tragedies which are transpiring every day around us. There is a lesson here which courts and prosecutors should heed. It is easy to accuse a poor for- eigner, ignorant of our language, of crime and it seems equally easy to convict him. Friendless, without mon- ey or influence, dazed by the acc'usa- tion, ignorant of the language which is addressed to him, suspicious of ev- erything around him and displaying the suspicion which awakens mistrust in those in power, it is not difficult to interpret everything, even his own actions, against him. If tie speaks, his stumbling story militates against him; if lie remains silent, his very si- lence serves to convict him. The law is hungry for some victim of its ven- geance for a crime perpetrated against sodiety, and who cares anyhow for the poor defenseless foreigner? The cumu- lative arguments against him and his kind coalesce and lie is hurried off to preen. Justice is vindicated, ffor- soothl Whoknows how many judicial mur- ders may not have been committed in our country? The state which turns the death current on an innocent man has itself committed an unpardonable crime. Better that a score of guilty men should escape than that one inno- cent man should suffer! We imagine that this Pennsylvania incident will be a parable for many years to come in the mouths of lawyers pleading for the acquittal of the friend- less foreigner, ignorant of our lan- guage and of our customs. Rarely has the influence of religion LUCK Means rising at six o'clock in the morn- ing, living on a dollar a day if you cam two--minding your own business, and not meddling with other people's LUCK means appointments you have never failed to keep--the trains you have never failed to catch LUCK means trusting in God and your own resources been more strikingly shown than in the case of this wronged Hungarian. Conscious of his innocence, separated from wife and children, deprived of his liberty, degraded and leaving a black shadow on his little ones, his long imprisonment nearly crazed the poor fellow. And how did he endure it all? What upheld him during the weary years? Where did he find a ray of light to brighten the universal gloom? W&at prevented him from giv- ing away to a bitterness which might engender the spirit of murder in his heavy soul? What influence made even  the prison walls bearable? It was his. religion. The unfortu- nate nmn was a Catholic. His faith was simple and sincere. He believed in God, in Christ, the Son of God, in the Mother of God, in his Church and the Sacraments. He tells us that only for his rosary lie would have gone crazy. He said the beads over and over again and it brought solace to his heart and made his thorny pathway endurable. As he fondled his beads, the liberated Hungarian said: "These kept me from going insane. I prayed every day to God and the Blessed Virgin to make the truth known." And how religion softened and moulded his heart! There is no desire for revenge, there is no feeling against those who sent him to his cruel years of imprisonment. "Do you feel angry toward the man who identified you as the murderer?" "No, I do not. There is One above us that sees that justice is done." The religion which can inspire such sentiments must be worthy at least of earnest examination. They who scoff at religion should meditate on the case of this patient, forgiving Hungarian. They will appre- ciate the power which religion hohls over the human heart and they may be led to recognize the supreme influence which it exerts for civilization and for the conduct of human society. If they came to scoff, they may remain to pray. The only way to have a friend is to be one.--Emerson. McClerkin's Drug Store SEVENTH AND MAIN Carries at all times a complete line of Sick Room Supplies. Our Prescription Department is in the hands of competent registered pharmacists, and your prescription will be filled just as the doctor wrote it. Telephone us your wants and our messenger service will do- liver same promptiy. TELEPHONE 576 OUR SPECIALS FOR EASTER A TIMELY DISPLAY OF Easter Dress Hats at $9.95 Worth $15.00 There are no two alike; just fresh from our workroom. They are made over two-piece blocked Neapolitan hats, two-piece chip fiats and two-piece Milan hats, black and colors, in large and me- dium shapes, including that becoming shape, the Coolie Sailor. Some of these have the velvet flange, some are in two-tone effects, others in solid colors: all trimmed with beautiful imported flowers, such as hyacinths, lilies of the valley, pansies, lilacs and roses in bcautiful combinations, making abeautiful picture hat. $9 95 These should sell at $15.00. Your choice at ....... We are Showing a Complete Assortment of Children's Trimmed Hats JOE O. BACK & BRO. ij TRANSLATIONS or SCRIPTURE. By J. M. Melntyre, in London Tablet. The movement so warmly advocated by the Roy. J. KeaHng, S. J., for "a more accurate English version (of Scripture) than the present" will be followed with deep interest and by not a few prayers for success. The Council of Trent had to cope with tim errors of the Refo.rmers. These errors were concerning faith, free will ,grace, justification, and the sacraments. Moreover the Reformers were wantonly rejecting, iu opposition to the testimony of the Christian church, both of the East and West the canonical authority of seven of tim books of the Bible, and of large sec- tions of some of the other books. Then there was a gross abuse to be reme- died-the barbarous treatment to which the time-honored text of the Latin Vulgate teas .being subjected. This abuse was strongly protested. against by Roger Bacon in the thir- teenth century, and was due to incom- petent "correctors" as well as to the hasty editing of competing booksellers. (Martin: "La Vulg. Lot. au XIIIme Steele.") With the inventino of printing the abuse assumed gigantic proportions, so that one of the most i venerable and important monuments of Christian antiquity was in danger of being swamped. Yet it represented a Greek text older than any extant Itebrew MSS. As early as 1517 some 228 different editions could be enumer- ated, some following one MSS., some another MSS.s some combined readings from various SS., and some gave a fresh recension by collating with the original texts. The confusion was in- creased by the rapid appearance of new Latin translations. With all these matters the Council had to cope. The first Decree was directed against the Reformers, and runs as follows: "If any one receive not, as sacred and canonical, the enid books entire with all their parts, as they have been used to be read in the Catholic church, and as they are contained in the old Latin Vulgate edition . . let him be anathema." Now the point of controversy be- tween Franzelin and Vercellone was concerning the interpretation of the clause "with all their parts." But lest the uninitiated should misunder- stand the bearing of the controversy, it is necessary to premise that all the Catholic scholars who have entered into this question were agreed (1) that the fullness of Divine Revelation had been entrusted to the church--the pillar and the ground of the truth (2) that this Divine Revelation is con- tained in Scripture jeined with what Our Lord and the Apostles taught by word of mouth--a teaching jealously guarded by tim church as her tradi- tion; (3) that the teaching of the church is made clear to us by her sol- emn definitions, by the normal teach- ing of her pastors and theologians, and by the sacred books which she gives and explains to her children. All the' dogmatic and moral teaching contained in those sacred books is the authorita- tive teaching of the church, and even if this or that dogmatic text could not be traced in any Greek or IIebrew original, the text would nevertheless be binding on us, as at least contain- ing the doctrine of the church: The text would be ecclesiastical, and an irreproachable witness to a truth of faith. Though not technically a "Bib- lical" text, it would nevertheless be "authentic." Now there can be no controversy among Catholic scholars as to whether the Vulgate may contain a dogmatic text which is not authentic, i. e., binding on our faith, but there is a controversy as to whetter the Vulgate may contain a dogmatic text which is not really Biblical. This was the controversy between Franzelin and Vercellone. The solution depended on the fact whether or no the Tridentine Decree was immediately and directly leveled against the Reformers. Franze- lin held that it was not; that its main purpose (scopus praecipuus) was to assn the sources f Catholi'c doc- trine, namely, Scripture and Tradition and that in imposing the acceptance of the Vulga as the Scriptural source of dogmati teaching, it thereby obliged us to accept every dogmatic verse of the Vulgate as strictly Scrip- tural. Nevertheless, Franzelin allowed critical revision of texts that were non-dogmatic, and even revision of dognmtic texts, if the revisidh did not go beyd "modalities" of expression or of thought. Veroellone, on the other hand, maintained that the Decree was directly aimed at the Reformers. In this he is mrpported by the history of the Council as given in Theinet ('Actal Cone. Trid."), and by the authority of Gasser, Relator of the Vatican Council, who, in explaining the Decree of the Vntiean renewing that of Trent. says: "Concilia Tridontino res erat OOMIBSION..R' S SAI "'. Notice is hereby given that in pursuance of the anthority and directions contained in the decretal o-ler of the Chaneery Court of Pulaski County. made and entered 6n the 8th (lay of )pril, A. D. 1911, in a certain cause (No. 13559) then tpending therein between J. K. Brodie. eomplamant, and h. W. I[artsell et al., defendants, the undersigned as com- missioner of said court, will offer for sale at public vendue to the highes bidder, at the east door or entrance of the eounty court house, in which said court is held, in the county of Pulaski, within the hours pro- scribed by law for judicial sales, ou Friday. the 6th day of ]Iay. A. D. 1911. the fol- lowing described real estate, to-wit: The southwest quarter (SW ) and sthwesi quarter (SW ) of the southeast quarter (SE r) of Section thirty-five $35). Town- ship two (2) south, range ten (10) west. in Pulaski County. Arkansas. TErCMS OF SALE: On a credR of three months, the purchaser being required to execute a bond as requiced by law and the order and decree of said tcurt in said cause. with approved security, bearing interest at the rate of eight per ceot per annum from date of sale until paid, and a lien being re- tained on' the premises sold to secure the payment of the purchase money. Given uuder my hand this 13kh day of April, A. D. 1911. J. S. MALONEY, Commissioner in Chancery. cure protestantilms .... Proindo mens Coneilii Tridentini nulla alia erat, quam ut enuntiaret," etc. Since, then, the mind of the Council was to prevent such dismeml)erment of the Bible as the Reformers were guilty of; and since the dismemberment was not Confined to dogmatic passages, and ! the Council nmkcs no distinction be- tween the dogmatic and the non-dog- matic, the Decere of the Council ex- tends uniformly to the whole Bible. Therefore, as critical revision is allow- able, under the Tridentine Decree, in respect of verses non-dogmatic, it must also be allowable, within the same limits, in the case of dogmatic verses. This freedom is used by our best Catholic modern commentators. Although, therefore, a dogmatic text of the Vulgate is not subject to doc- trinal revision, it may be subject to textual criticism. Against the abusive treatment of the Vulgate the Council framed the fol- lowing Decree: "Considering that no small utility may accrue to the church of God, if it be made known which out of all the Latin editions now in circulation of the sacred books is to be held as authentic (the Synod) or- dains and declares that the said old and Vulgate edition . . . be, in public lectures, disputations, sermons and expositions, hold as authentic, and that no one is to dare or presume to reject it under any pretext whatever. ' That this Decree is disciplinary will hardly be seriously questioned by one who has studied such authorities as Didiot, Kaulen, Martin, Corluy, Cardi- nal Meignan, Levesqae and Iurand. By this decree the Council made the old Vulgate the official Latin text of Scripture "in public lectures," etc., that is, for public use. By later de- crees the Holy See forbade any tam- i pering with the text. Inter- Vulgate pret it, elucidate by collation witl !Greek and Hebrew, but keep your :hands from altering it, and do not pre- s'umo to dethrone it from its time-hon- ored position in the church. It is too sacred and venerable a monument to be defaced by wanton hands. But the Council declares that the Vulgate is authentic. What does that mean? Martin and Levesquo reply that the word authentic here means "official." It certainly does mean that; but it also means something more. Not only must the Vulgate be "held as authentic," but "no one is Ire dare or presume to reject it under l any pretext whatever." It is trte that according to a very lax inter- pretation the words "to reject" have been taken as meaning to reject al- together-lock, stock and barrel. But this interpretation is entirely in con- tradiction with the history of the Acts of the Council. To reject means also to contradict. The true meaning is given by Vega, one of the Conciliar theologians; the Council wished .he Vulgate to be held as authentic only in as much as all should know that it con- tains no error in faith and morals; and therefore decreed that no one should presume to reject it, that is, to reject its dogmatic and moral teaching. The very choice of the Vulgate by the church involves its absolute purity of doctrine and its substantial conformity, as a scriptural text, to the genuine Bible; but the Tridentine Decree, while securing the acceptance of that doc- trine which is contained in fho Vul- .Drugs I We can deliver Anything in the Line Special Agents for The "Rexal Remedies" Vinci Crazy, Gibson and Other Mineral Waters By Case or Bottle Mail Orders Leave on First Train Phone 1906 Holman I)rud Co. Markham and Victory Sts. LITTLK ROCK, ARK. 00ASTER SHOWING Of Excluslve Models in Dress and Tailored Hats ii FOY'S 322 Main St. LitthRock gate, aimed only at preserving the article was reprinted in England, Amor. true text of the old Vulgato, and at]lea and India, and leading members of maintaining its official position in the] various denominations expressed their public usage of the church. As re-] keen interest in the new experiment. gards the relation of the Vulgate to] and, like the editor of The Speetatorl the original texts and to the resources] were of the opinion that it might be of textual criticism, the Decree left I suitably imitated by themselves. things just as it found them. I may add that the term "public" in the Decree has a highly technical meaning. Hence I find the Bishop of Boauvais writing to his clergy, and rejoicing that "Dons notre Grand Scm- inaire, l'explication de tout le Nouveau Testament .... so faisait et" so fait sur le grec." If my exposition is sound,I think Father Keating may take heart of grace ia his laudable crusade. Itence, it may not prove uninterest- ing to narrate the fortunes of the Cheshire retreat house in the interval. But before doing so, we may note the wary striking revival of retreats which has recently taken place in all parts of the world. We say "revival" advisedly for the idea of retreats dates back for centu- ries. The modern retreat for working- men, however, was practically initiated in the north of France nearly thirty years ago. The pioneer establishment near Lille is well worth a visit. Some thirty-four tliousand men have made retreats there since the work was start- ed, and a number of admirable social organizations are due to its inspiration. ! From France the movement spread ta Belgium, where ten thousand men make retreats every year in one or other of the seven retreat houses. The develop- ment in Germany is more recent. Yet the growth of retreats in that country beats all previous records. Last year for example, several thousands of young recruits made retreats of three days before setting out for their term of military service. The excellent effects Contlnu#d on Pallo $ m THE REVIVAL OF RETREATS. In The Spectator of London an arti- cle entitled ,,In Retreat" gave some account of a house which had recently !been opened near Marple in Cheshire for the purpose of providing men (es- pecially of the working classes) with opportunities for "making a retreat." The article raised echoes in many quarters. The editor of The Spectator pointed out in a note that the idea of a retreat house was one which might profitably be realized by Protestants. "To give men tired in the struggle of life," he wrote, "an interval, however short, for facing the great problems would be a noble achievement." The [] [] Makinfi a Hit The boys that want "clam'" to thelt clodet---fellows that like to wear tornethinu a litth different, dwuld make it a point to mee thote new. nifty ttylem that we've made tqcial effort to provkie for colleee boys. $15.OO to $2..00 BUY THE HERRICK REFRIGERATOR :[] The Only Real Sanitary Box Made That. Will Not Sweat No. 3 holds 50 lbs .... $16.50 No. 23 holds 100 lhs...$26.50 No. 42 holds 150 lbs.,. $32.00 No. 12 holds 250 lbs...$55.00 Come and See Our Line Largest in the City BracyBros. Hdw.Co. THE 702 Main St. ABELES DECORATING COMPANY Would Jlppreciate Your Trade Telephone 3852