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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 15, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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April 15, 1911
 

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Cage rout THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN THE SOUTHERI00 GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK BUSINESS OFFICE: 315 W. MARKHAM ST., LITTLE ROCK, ARK. RT. REV. J. M. LUCEY,V. G., A.B. WATERMAN, Editor Business Manager SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 THE YEAR SATURDAY, APRIL 15, 19 ! I days after Ilis death, lie rose even as he had fore- told. This was a miracle of the resurreetion, and this miracle, linked with the prophecy, makes a strong argument for the truthfuhless of Him who prophe- sied and rose again. And we are led to wonder if belief in the truthfulness and divinity of Jesus Christ does not become easier as ages pass. For with the passing of the centuries we witness no passing of His work. "Christ dieth now no more." IIe is always with us, and if so, always working His one work. always cleansing sin, always confirming truth, always fulfilling tits promise. It is certain that Christ observed the Passover the night before He died, that He made it the occasion of instituting the Eucharist, and that He, in His pas- sion, was the true Paschal lamb. For these reasons " the celebration of Easter is preceded in the Catholic church by a commemoration of the passion of Christ just before his death, the institution of the Eucha- rist and the crucifixion on Calvary. All Lent is in a measure a preparation for Easter, but the last week is especially sig&apos;nalized for a concentration of Chris- tian devotion. It is called the Great Week and also Holy Week. The eerem'onies, as performed in the Roman Cath- olic and Greek churches, are very elaborate irr centers of religion like Rome and Petersburg. Thousands of visitors and pilgrims congregate at this season in Rome. But in all Catholic churches the ceremonies are carried out to some extent. + :+ DETERRENTS OF CRIME. It is a mooted question in Arkansas at the present time which particular method is best calculated to repress, ,and to an extent eradicate crime; whether vigilance connnittees, strict law enforcement or a mixed s.tem, such as now prevails .with the tacit approval of the general public, of ordinary law en- forcement and lynching for extreme .cases. How the question, n,ow before t.he bar of pu.blie opinion, will finally be decided no one, unless gifted with the slyirit of pro.phecy, can foretell. The red blood of human life, whi, ch the Bible says cries to qlle.aven for veneance, flows very freely in our State, a.nd wifllout due process of law. Even women have m)w entered the 1,lets where 't.bere is so much of a halo of glory displayed; nor is murder the only crime about which 'we should .be deeply concerned. In our opinion, he terror of the law, if onee strict- ly enforced and so maintained, is the greatest de- terrent of evine. If he 'brute who now commits a namel.ess crime and excites people 'to m o violence an'd ,makes them his equ.al in the trampling of law. under foot, knew that the law of the land would be swiftly and certainly enforced upon 'hi,m, tie could n,ot run the risk of exposing his miserable 'life to immediate destructfion. If those men in Argenta and other places wo have taken the law into their own hands and out- raged it at will had lmown that no su'bterfuges would secure any probable escape from the full pen.cities of justice and law disgraced, they would 'have hesi- tated a long time .before pulling out their guns and throwing away their common sense. And. frequently what cowards are the class of people 'who so deliberately take the life of their fel- low creature ,or commdt another violation of law of equal gravity! No sooner is the crime committed t'lran they run to the woods like veritable poodles. They made a great pretense of bravery when they were shoot,ing down a fellow creature, but now all their courage has oozed out of their boo$s. All their ,swagger is gone; they run away, every step accelerated by cowardly fear. When finally arrested, they deny everything, plead the baby act, or any- thing else to save their necks from t'he halter. Ju'dging this whole matter as impartially as pos- si'ble. ,is it not plain tha.t if our laws ,were strictly enforced, the crimes co,mmitted by ,ignorant and eow- rdly degenerates would cease from the very fear of dire ppunishment? It is well known that a dis- play of power is the only thing before which weak minds quail. Let the law of the land be made pow- erful and a large percentage of criminality will .be repressed. The present system of court pro,eedure needs amendment to allow nore privilege to the judge and less to the lawyer. When great c,imes are committed, jusbice should be done, ,and .what that justice is the judge knows pretty well atter hearing t&e evidence, and he should not be thwarted by law- yers who are reeldess with .wat they say or do, pro- vided they can free their client and pocket a few thousand dollars. + + MOVING PICTURE SHOWS. I't is becoming plainer that t'he show people in the moving picture 'business are falling into the same nvistake which marked flle downfall of .the saloons. Twenty years ago those engaged in the liquor trade were warned 'by churc'tf decrees, courts and city councils, as well as newspapers and others mediums of public expression, Vha.t they were not conducting their business in accordance with the letter of the moral law and the spirit of the civil 'law. The liquor tl:ade ,at large refused to listen to any voice of pub- ic condemnation. Then came the wave of prohi'bi- tion, which was only invoked as an act of despera- tion. Since the saloon would not obey the laws to regtflate them, 'the people .had no other option tJhan to make an attempt to suppress them entirely until such ti,me as they could be fully assured tha,t the laws of the land would )c obeyed. Those in the business of moving pi,ctures ,have be- gun to hear tlle mutterings of the storm that will soon break forth unless a very great change is speedily made in their show methods. The writing is already on the wall, bu,t it is likely that it will meet the fate of all such warnings--go unheeded. Then will eome the war for the entire suppression of all moving picture shows as so nany plVblic nuis- ances. It is a great pity if such should be the ending of one of the. most beautiful inventions of the age, an invention tqmt has proven is qsefulness in the field of innocent amusement, ,and even in church work. One reason for the tendency of moving picture shows to degenerate into i,mmoral displays, whi,ch eater o the lower class of people, is the un'illingness of our society people o seek enjoyment for themselves and their children in sue'h innocent amusements. Too much time is given to .bridge and exclusive pleasures. There are also .to() few regular holidays, when peo- ple should lay aside the cares of .business life ,and spend a few hours in witnessin.g sme light and amus- ing entertainment. Our society people do not, for bese and oVlcr reasons, patronize the moving picture shows, and ,those on,gaged in the business are forced to look to another el,ass of people for support. EASTER SUNDAY IN WHAT I8 THE (tREATNES8 OF THE RESURREO'flON OF CHRIST ? Easter Sunday is enshrined in the most glerious pages of Christian history. It has ever been, since the persecutions of the Roman empire ceased, a day of pride and rejoicing to the devout Christian. As a rule, it is a beautiful day, physically associated with music, flowers and church decorations. The word Easter is commonly derived from the name of the Saxon goddess, Eastre, the Diety whom the Germans called Ostara, who .was honored as the goddess of the dawn. This name is, Imwever, a pop- ular appellation which the church did not suppress, but allowed to remain, just as the names of the days of the week were allowed to follow the pagan fancies of the people. Until recent centuries, however, all Christians, except those of the Gernmn family, called the feast of Christ's resurrection by some modifica- tion of Pascha, the term which tile church herself uses in all her liturgy. THE PASCH OR PASSOVER. Tile Pasch or Passover, from which the Christian feast is taken, is of Jewish origin, and refers to the wonderful deliverance which God wrought for the Jews in the night of their exit from Egypt. The de- stroying angel smote the first born of Egypt, but passed over the houses of the Hebrews. This favor was granted on one condition. Each head of a He- brew house was to slay  lamb or kid without blemish on the evening of Nisan 14. He was to sprinkle the blood on the lintel and sideposts of the door. After- ward the lamb was to be roasted, no bone beinb grok- en ,and eaten with unleavened bread and bitter herbs. by all the family. The feast was to be observed year by year as a perpetual ordinance. Christ is considered to have been prefigured by this lamb, and it is a part of the Christian belief that lie is the true paschal lamb. St. John, the beloved apostle, calls attention to the fact that not a bone of our Lord was broken. St. Paul, writing about the year 58 to the Corinthians, says: "Purge out the old leaven that you may be a new mass, as you are unleavened, for Christ our Pasch is sacrificed." The celebration of a special Paschal or Easter feast among Christians goes back to remote antiquity. W;hfifl St. Polycarp, a disciple of St. John the apes. tle, came to Rome, about 160, there were two dates for the celebration of Easter, and apostolic usage was pleaded for both. The Roman church and a great Inajority of Christians celebrated the Pasch on the Sunday after Nisan 14--i. e., on the Sunday follow- ing the first fuI1 moon after the vernal equinox, be- cause on that day Christ rose from the dead and fin- ished the work of our redemption. The Roman elmrch claimed to follow the practice of St. Peter and St. Paul. On the other hand, many churches of Asia, appealing to the authority of St. John, kept the feast of Pasch or Passover at the same time as the Jews, viz., 14 Nisen, on whatever day it might fall. The Roman method, however, finally prevailed, and is the one used at the present day throughout the Christian world. In the earlier centuries of the church persecutions raged fiercely, so that councils could not be held to settle questions of this kind. Moreover, many such questions pertained more to dis- cip]ine than doctrine and the church, as a fond mother often does, allowed to some extent her children to fol- low the dcve]opments of the times. I,. I " l',, TIlE RESU'RRECTI(XN. The resurrc<etion of Christ is frequently called the foundation of Christian faith. St. Paul says: "If Christ be not risen, then is our preachitg in vain, and also year fa.ith is vain." Strictly speaking, however, Christian faith rests upon the divinity of Christ, the resurrection being one of the greatest miracles pcr- formed in the attestation of its truth. It Janet an easy matter to locate the greatness of this miracle. That le body of CHris rose from the dead is no great miracte, as all human bodies will rise; nor is there everything in the fact that  shall be raised whereas IIe raised Itimself. For it is the same divine power in boh cases that brings back life to the lifeless body. If we go on to analyze not the resurrection, but the m'iracle of the resurrection, we cannot v(ell maintain that the miraculous element was the fact of being raised up before the last judgment. For, not to speak of "the dead who arose and appeared ix) many," it is pious belief among Catholics that the 'body of the Blessed Virgin was raised to life and is now in Heaven. Some of our most learned theologians are of the ()pinion that the distinctive merit of the miracle of the resurrection consists in a definite prophecy of the resurrection and a certain fulfilhnent of that proph- ecy. Twice, at least, did Christ prophesy that lie would rise to life after death: "Destroy this temple, and in three days I will raise it up." Matt. 16:4. The temple here spoken of is by common consent His own body. "An evil and adulterous generation seek- eth a sign, and a sign shall not be given it, but the sign of Jonas, the prophet, * * * for the Son of Man shall be in th eheart of the earth three days and three nights." Matt. 12:39. We find, then, that our Savior prophesied tlmt He would rise again in three THE POPE'S TEM- PORAL POWER The eyes of the world are now turn- ing Romewurd. The ];$alian goveru- luent which seized the  states of the chnrch in 1S70, is celebrating its ad- vent by violencc under the disguised form of a universal exposition, aml the question is asked, "What are the Cath- elics of the world going to do about the rescue and restoration of tile tom poral power of the pope." :Many years ago in the United States, when nothing but pallor lnoney and promises to pay constituted the medium of exchange and barter in business, the question was asked, "ttow are wc go- ing to resume specie payments?" Itor- ace Greely brusquely answered the question by saying that the best way to resnme is to resuure. The best way to restore the tem- poral power is to restore it. There will be .a grand reunion of the Confederate Veterans of the South in Little Rock May 16-18 coining. Fifty thousand veterans will be present, tried and true. If the Holy Father will only say the word we will take 10,000 of these old soldiers and do the restoring act, pro- vided the bishop of Oklahoma will send along 1,000 of his Indians with toma- hawks and scalping knives under the command of Buffalo Bill. The Archbishop of New Orleans would let us out with his blessing, and if it hal)pened that his Grace was out of town, onr ohl friend, the Bishop of Galveston, would wish us God speed. We wouhl cut a fifty-mile swath from the Mediterranean Sea to Rome aml leave Ambassador Kerns to pay for it. There would be no trouble in capturing Rome. 'rile Italian soldiers canuot fight. The negroes in Africa thrashed tile life out of them some years ago. There are 50,000 of them in Rome and vicinity, but any judge of the fighting qualities of soldiers "will agree with ns that they are merely toys for show purposes. When the old Confederates have com- pleted the work and I)laced Pope Plus on the throne of his ancestors, we might ask that there be no old regime, but an up,to-date, Twentieth Century temporal power established. Thepope :shall be a constitutional sovereign like the king of England, but all the civil i officers of the reahn shall be civilians and if there are not enough of honest Catholic laymen in Italy to select from we can export a few from Ohio and Imliana, where the purity of the ballot box is going to be a proverb after a time. There is no other condition, and we await the word of command. This is our own spontaneous outburst and we alone are running the outburst. THE CATHOLIC PAPER. It Is Your Best lriend--Be Loyal to It and Support It. (By Rcv. Treaey in the Western World.) "We are living in an age of carping, uncharitable critics, in an age where even tim holiest nlotives, the most ex- alted personages and most magnaninlous actions are alike sub,ected to the blunt and jagged tooth of calumny and mis- representation. Even we Catholics are not immnne from this bacteria of criti- cism, this bug of fault-finding. This applies especially to our treatment of the Catholic press. Instead of lending a helping hand and giving practical en- couragement to the efforts of those who are trying to place things before us in a Catholic aspect, in tile columns of the Catdmlie paper, we are constantly on tile lookout for the trivial ties that shock and forget tile big things that help and edify. Let us remember that our success in life depemls on our own aspect, on our own way of looking at things. If we insist on fault-finding, on playing tile game of Diogenes-in.the. Tub, of tile nmn on tile fence, we shall never succeed in bettering the condi- tions of which we complain. We all need eneouragenlent, and the Catholic newspaper most of all requires practical help and support. Let the carper tell us what he has done. A kind word spoken about the articles that appear fronl tilne to tiule, a frank, outspoken appreciation of its columns, when suet appreciation is sincere, would do a great deal more toward elevatiug and strcngtheniug the tone and matter of the .paper, than the eternal harping on the little things that displease us be. cause they do not happen to please seine of our non-Catholic or namby-pamby friends. No one expects the Catholic newspaper to be infallible, either ia its literature or its theological or his- :orical nlatter. It does not pretend either Io ally kind of impeccability, but like all things hnalan aml mortal, it 'admits the possibility of error. But let us overlook the journalistic short- conlings if we cannot correct them, and at the same time let us admire and en- courage the general trend of its work; for, what the late great Archbishop Ryan of Philadelphia used to say of men, we can also say of the Catholic newspaper, "The man that never makes a mistake is a fool." Here is a pretty quibble from the new edition o "Logic for the Mil- lion," which Sharper Knowlson has prepared: David said in his wrath, All 'men are limrs. Therefore, David was a liar. Therefore, w.hat David said was not true. Therefore, David was not a liar. But if David was not a liar, what he sold was true, namely, that all men are liars.--New York Globe. 'Art a hinch, 'art a hinch, 'Art a hineh honward, 'Ampered be 'obble skirts, 'Opped the "400." --Dartmouth Jack o' Lantern. THE RELIGIOUS WEEK AND fUNC- TIONS IN ROME. ' Sunday, 26th Mareh.--Fohrth in Lent called Laetare. Station at S. Groce in Gerusalemme. This Basilica ws built by Saint Helena, nlother of Constantine, to hold the relics of the True Cross, which she brought from Jerusalem. It was con- secrated on the 20th March by St. gyl- tester, hence on that day only during the year women are allowed to enter the chapel or oratory of St. Helena. It was rebuilt by Benedict XIV after Gregorini's plans. There have been two councils held here, one under Sixtus III and the other under Symmachus. The church is divided by pillars and columns of Egyptian granite; the altar is of basalt with columns of rich mar- ble. Under the high altar are the bodies of the martyrs Ss Anastasius and Ce- earl:us. In a chapel apart are preserved very remarkable relics; part of the True Cross and the Title that was put over it in three languages, two of the Thorns from our Savior's crown, a nail which pierced His sacred hand, and the finger with which St. Thomas probe d His side. In tile underground chapel of St. Itelerra are paintings by Pomarancio and mosaics by Peruzzi, and there, too, is deposed a quantity of earth brought from Mount Calvary. The fresco over the apse of the basil- ica is by Pinturicchio. The church contains a reliquary said to have belonged to St. Gregry the Great and containing 213 relics. Ther are also many other precious relics pre- served here, among them those of St. Thomas of Canterbury, St. Catherine of Sienna, St. Bridget, St. Nicholas and many others. Monday, 27th March.--S. John Dam- ascene, defender of the cult of sacred images. Ig. Alexander, soldier martyr. Station at the Santi Quattro Core- natl. This church, situated on a spur of the Coelian hill, dates from the Fifth Century; it was burnt down by Robert :Guiscard in 1084 and rebuilt in much smaller proportions by Paschal II in 1112. Under the altar of St. Sebastian a staircase goes down to a subterranean chapel, where the relics of the titular saints and the !mad of St. Sebastian are kept. ' The four martyrs, to whom tile church is dedicated, were put'to death by Diocletian for refusing to worship an idol of Aesculapius; their names have remained unknown and they have been wrongfully confounded with four saints buried in Albano (Ss. Severus Severianus, Carpophorus and Victoria- ns). Amngst the relics preserved ller :are the bodies of many martyrs of the earliest period of Christianity. Tuesday, 28th Marcll.S, Sixtus III pope and confbssor. Ss. Prisco and companions, martyrs. Station in S. Lorenzo and Damaso; this church on the Corse Vittorio, in- corporated in the building of the Papal Chancellory, was originally built in the Faurth Century by St. Damasus in hen. or of St. LaUrence. The present build- ing, however, was erected on Bram- ante's designs by order of Cardinal Riario, who in 1495 dedicated it to Ss. Laurence and Damasus. Under the French domination it was used as a court of justice; it was re- opened for public worship on the return of Pins VII and in 1820 it was thor- oughly restored. Here is a copy of the. celebrated statue of St. Hipolitus, found in the Sixteenth Century in his cemetery on the Tiburtine way and now in the Lateran Museum. The adjoining building, known as the Cancelleria, and left under the law of guarantees to the Holy See, is built on the site of an ohler house once inhab- ited by St. Jerome and 'by St. Bridget. It was commenced, on Bramante's de- signs by Cardinal Mezzarota and fin- ished by Cardinal Riario, nephew of Sixtus IV; much of the stone used in the construction was taken from the Collosseum and the marbles fro.m the arch of Gordian, whieh was discovered allout that time. The courtyard is very fine; there are two porti[os, one over the otler, sustahaed by forty-four gran- ite columns, which are believed to be fronl the Portico of Pompey. Station at S. Andrea della Va,lle. Where this magnificent church stands existed formerly a ehapel'in honor of St. Sebastian The Duchess Cost'tnz' Piecolomini of Amalfi guve the ground and her adjacent palace to the Theatiue fathers, that they might establish their house there and build a church in honor of St. Andrew. The work was begun in 1591 and finished in 1608, the facade being added fifty years later. Obcrin and ailerno were the architects of the building; Rainahli planned the facade, which is of nlngnificent effect. The cupola is the largest in Rome after that of St. Peter's. The frescoes beneath it representing the four evan- gelists, as well as those iu tlm tribnne, are by Domenichino. The church ii rich in works of art; the first chapel to the left is called the Bar/lerini Chapel, after lfatthew Bar- 1)erini, afterward Urban IIl:, who adorned it; the image of his parents there is sculptured in porphyry. The Assnmption and other paintings are by Passignano, the statuary by Mochi, Bernini aml Stadi. Manager of Commons--Yes, nothing goes to waste. What is left over I make into hash. StudentBut suppose some hash is left over? Manager--I re-hash it.--Columbia Jester. THE POPE AND THE LITTLE BOY And How Plus Ninth Made a Cov, vert. By Win. F. Markoe. It was on Good Friday, ill the year 1869, that two American ladies, one a Catholi% the other a Protestant, both dressed in the black mantillas and veils prescribed by papal etiquette and ac- companled by a little boy barely five years old, were about to enter the Sis- tine Chapel, when they were halted by a big Swiss guard. He explained that while it was entirely proper for ladies atth'ed  as they were to attend a papal function, the presence of child:rcn at that tender age was strictly prohibited. What was to be done? They we strangers in Rome and they could leave the little .boy alone at the door, neither were they willing to miss the great function which they might never have an opportunity of witnessing again. Finally the Protestant lady said something to the guard in Italian in which the magic word "Amerieano ' ' was distinctly audible. With a pe- culiar expression on his face the big Swiss turned his back on the lady and gazed steadily in the opposite direc- tion. Seeing his opportunity, the little American boy darted into the chapel, followed by the two ladies in black. Once inside they ileard the Pope praying, as is the custom on Good Fri- iday, for heretics and schismaties, "that our Lord God would be pleased to deliver them from all their errors, and recall them to our holy mother, the Catholie and Apostolic Church." They listened also to the wonderful music of Palestrina's 'Improperia" and Allegri's "Miserere" as sung by the famous Sistine Chapel ehoir, one' voice after another joining in the flood of harmony' Which rose and fell like the billows of the ocean. At length he services were ended and[ a solemn procession began to move from the Sistine to the Pauline Chapel. It was a brilliant cortege in spite of the sombre vestments of Good Friday, for it included chaplains and chamber- lains, priests and monks, prelates and patriarchs, Swiss guards, and noble guards, cardinals and Roman princes and the diplomatic corps accredited to the Holy See. It proceeded with stately dignity till His Holiness reached a point just op- posite the little American boy who knelt in the front row of spectators between the two ladies in black. Then occurred an incident not on the pro- gram. The great Piux IX stopped and turned toward the child. Was he in- dignant that his guards had allowed him to violate the rules of papal eti- quette? Or was .he pondering the words of his Master: ",Suffer little children to come unto Mo and forbid them not, for of such is the kingdom of heaven." Whatever his thoughts, he lingered so long gazing at the little American sovereign (or intruder?) that the whole procession was obliged to halt, 'those in front looking back to see wllat had caused the delay, those behind pressing forward to see what had impeded their progress. Then the Holy Father, leaving 'his place in the procession, walked over to the little boy and extended his hand. Witfi child- ish alacrity the little fellow seized it, and, all radiant with smiles, leaned forward and kissed the Pontifical Ring. The venerable pontiff's face lit up with that angelic smile for which he was noted, and, patting the child on the cheek, returned to his place in the procession, which then moved on with- out further delay.. All the rest of the day the little American boy thus favored by the pope was the center of attraction on" the streets of Rome till ho begged to be taken home and thus be spared further embarrassment. But the great Plus IX's kindly in- terest did not end here. Just seven weeks later: on a Friday, the Protest- ant lady whose pleading lad obtained ,admittance of a child into the papal presence was herself received into the true fold of Christ, as she herself de- clared, through the prophetic prayers of that same pope whom slle had heard praying on Good Friday for the con- version of "heretics and schismaties" which, iu a mflmeqnent audience, lip promised to offer for her personalS. We find the details of this mirae]e forty years later in the "community letter" of one of the oldest American convents of the Visitation dateds Wilmington, August. 7, 1910, fr&n w.hich the to!- lowing condensed account is taken: "We hasten to announce to your Charities the death of our venerated ad dearly loved Sister Mary Magda- lene, who, after a long and trying ag- ony, gave up her pure soul to our Lord this morning.    Our dear sister was born of a most estimable and in- fluential Philadelphia family, where from infancy she imbibed everything that was good and noble in life--ex- cept the true faith.  *  The con- version of an idolized sister secmed to place a barrier between them, and our good slst has told us ninny times of the inconceivable agony she endured by this estrangement and the defection of her sister. "After much persuasion our dear sister finally visited her sister and her family in ]rance, where they had sought an asylum, but with a firm de- termination not to be influenced by them religiously. But through affection for her little nephews and to gratify them, she need to kneel with them to say a memorare before the wayside shrines. "In 1869 in an audience with the Rely Father, Plus IX, His Holiness laid his hand upon her head and blessed her, and called her his child. With her innate love oJ truth she said promptly: 'But, Holy Father, I am not Conti.ued on Pae S ,s,(