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April 15, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN Vol. I. Little Rock, Arkansas, April 15, 1911 Number 4 Editorial Chronicle ETHODIST CHURCTI NORTR AND 0 SOUTH SUPERANNUATES. The Methodist Episcopal church dis- tributed last year to superannuates $835,843. Part of this was income de- rived from invested Conference funds of $3,560,569. There are ton Confer- ences which have each more than $100,- 000. PERSIA HAS DIFFICULTIES, That is aft extraordinary appeal which the Persian government now makes to the nations of the world. It says that four years ago it entered on an effort for reform by constitutional government, but that its liberty is threatened by Russia on the north and Great Britain on the south. The Rus- sians have invaded the north under the pretext of keeping order, and the British threaten the same in the south. This is one of the cases in which a congress of the nations might do good. RUSSIAN BARBARISM. &apos; Russia is worse than ever. She has inaugurated a new persecution of the Jews, forbids their children to be edu- cated, and drives them .by the hundred thousand out of the country. She is treating China with parallel brutality making a two days' ultimatum in threat of invasion, and compels sub- mission because China cannot resist with no time or chance for arbitration. But in twenty-five years China will be able to resist, and then let the nations look out which have coerced the most" populous nation in the world. WHY GOLD IS A PRECIOUS METAL. Pure or fine gold will stand any test it may be put to in comparison with other metals. It can be rolled or ham- mered, extending it in any direction, until it becomes transparent. It can also be drawn into threads as fine as human hair. It melts at about 2,000 degrees Fah- renheit, and, though it may be kept in a molten state for an indefinite time, it loses none of its weight, even should the heat be increased. The color is unaffected by air, water or heat and will sband any test of oxidation. No simple acid will dissolve or attack pure • gold. In conjnnetion with silver, gold is the first metal with which man became acquainted and is the most valuable by reason of the vast number of uses to which it is pnt. It is found in al- most every country in a metallic state and nearly always iu crystals. The old Egyptian symbol for gold signified di- vinity and perfection. The chemical term used today is aurum. THE NEW SENATOR'IROM NEW YORK. James Aloysius O'Gormon, Supreme Court justice of the State of New York was on Friday last elected United States senator, "to succeed Chauncey ]L Depew. The new senator has long been one of the most prominent Democrats of Ta.mmany Hall. He has been one of its foremost orators for thirty years, having established his reputation as a public speaker in its interests when at the age of twenty-one, his eloquence was credited with having saved a doubtful assembly district. Mr. O'Garman was born on the low- er west side of New York city, May 5, 1860. He is the son of Thomas and Ellen O'Gorman, and married Anne M. Lesslie in tlmt city January 2, 1884. They have nine children, seven (laugh- ters and two sons. He is a member of the Law Insti- tute, the Medico-Legal Society, Catho- lic Club, Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, New York Athletic Club, Champlain Club and other organizations. He has received the honorwry degree of doctor of laws from the college of St. Thomas of Villa Nova, 1904 i Fordham Univer- sity, 1908, and New York University, 1909. THE LOETSCHBERG TUNNEL. The piercing of the Bernese Alps was accom,plished on March 31, when the workmen from opposite ends of the Loetschberg tunnel met each other 4,000 feet below the ground. This tun- nel was started in the latter part of 1906, and the total cost has been $20,- 000,000. It is about 9 miles long, being exceeded by the St. Gothard (9¼ miles) and the Simplon (12½ miles). It is9 yards wide and 19½ feet high, provid- ing for a double track of standard gauge. It follows a winding course through the mountains and involves in its approaches 24 bridges and viaducts and 34 tunnels. Fifty laborers lost their lives in its construction, some of them from an inundation caused by the tapping of a subterranean lake. The expense of the new tunnel has been shared by the French railroads and the Swiss government for the purpose of regaining the traffic which has of late been diverted through Belgium and Ger- many. The most direct routs from Lon- don to Italy will now be from Calais or Boulogne to Berne, along Lake Thun to Spiez, thence to Frutigen, and by the Loetschberg tunnel to Brieg, where the Simplon tunnel may be taken to Domodossola, in Italy. AN IMMENSE WORK. The construction work for the boring of the five-mile Elizabeth tunnel the most important feature of the new $26,000,000 municipal water project of Los Angele§, Cal., was completed on February 27. The tunnel pierces the crest of the Sierra Madra range, sixty- geant, corporal and seventeen police- men. There is also a band of nine- teen pieces, an orchestra and a church choir. The town of Balala is not quite three-quarters of a mile from the leper colony. It is perched on a bluff an< affords a fine sea view. It is the res- seven miles west of the city, and has idence of the government officers of the been drilled through 26,780 feet of sol- colony, of the Jesuit chaplain, and of id granite. Work began on October 5, the Sisters of St. Paul of Chartres, 1907, and was finished a year ahead of time. New York's Catskill aqueduct is ninety-one miles long, but the Los Angeles aqueduct in the San Fernando Valley will be 240 miles long, involv- ing engineering difficulties of- great magnitude. The water will come from a 'point on the Owens River, eleven miles north of the town of Indepen- dence, in Inyo County, and thirty-five miles from Owens Lake. The complet- ed system will irrigate more than 100,- 000 acres of land, making possible with- in a radius of twenty-five miles from Los Angeles a population of 500,000. The population of Los Angeles by the census of 1910 is 319,198, against 102,. 479 ten years ago, an increase of 211.5 per cent. The engineer in charge of the great aqueduct is William Mulhol- land, superintendent of the Los Angeles water department. WHAT CATHOLICS DO NOT BE LIEVE. who have charge of the hospital and of about 150 employes who are without the fatal disease. PROTESTANT TRIBUTES. The Southern Guardian is pleased to include in this series the tribute of Capt. Jack Crawford to the noblest order of womanhood on earth, the Catholic Sis- terhood. Humbly and quietly they go about their work, doing good, neither for honor nor pay, but for love of the Master, toiling in His vineyard. What countless graces.they gain will never be known till thc judgment day. God alone knows whether our big cities, with their vice and corruption, would be spared one day from terrible retri- bution if it were not for little bands of sisters praying for mercy. Even a Protestant, who has once known them, must give them praise. Here is what Capt. Crawford says: "On all God's green and beautiful earth there are no purer, no nobler, no The Catholic Register, Kansas City, more kind-hearted and self-sacrificing gives this bit of an object lesson in a women than those who wear the sombre recent issue. It is commended to our separated brethren for their careful perusal : "It seems to be more necessary for the non-Catholic public to know what Catholics do not believe. At any rate, non-Catholics arc not in a position to learn what the Catholic church really is until they have unlearned much that she is not. "tIere are a dozeu matters which Catholics do not believe: 1.--Image garb of Catholic sisters. During the war I had many opportunities of ob- serving their noble and heroic work. not only in camp and hospital, but on the death-swept field of battle. Right in the fiery front of dreadful wax where bullets hissed in m'uldening glee, and shot and shell flew madly by with demoniac shrieks, where dead and man. sled forms lay with pale, blood-flecked faces, yet wearing the scowl of battle. I have seen the black-robed Sisters worship. permission to commit sin. 3.--That the church has a right to persecute• 4.--That a mere confession of sins to the priest and absolution is sufficient to merit forgiveness. &--That the Pope cannot commit sin, or err in mat- ters of science. 6.--That Catholics cannot 'search the Scriptures.' 7.- That republican forms of government are not favored by the church. 8. That the Catholic church is opposed to religious toleration. 9.--That the end ij.ustifies tha means. 10.--That lying is ever permissible, ll.--That the world may not be older than 6,000 years. 12.--That innocent recreation on Sunday is forbidden." SOUTHERN IMMIGRATION. Georgia has population enough and wants no immigrants. So declares unanimously the Farmers' Union which has 80,000 members, and which held a convention in Atlanta not long ago. Negroes, they say, arc infinitely prefer- able to the foreigners who would be brought in to take their place and to take the place of white farmers and white workers in the factories. Immi- grant labor wouhl, they think, lower wages and depress the price of cotton. To be sure the price of cotton is so high now that Great Britain and other countries are doing their best to in- crease the supply from other countries, and the danger to the South is that the practical monopoly which the South has enjoyed will be lost before very long. The Northern States have wel- comed immigration and profited by it immensely. All prodnetive industry is a source of general profit to the com- munity, and the Georgia farrmers are not wise when they fear it. It is the narrow view which we see expressed too often in the more populous States, when labor unions would limit mem- bership for fear that the present mere- hers may be thrown out of em.ploy- meat. The Georgia farmers tell the legislature that it must make no .ap- propriation to bring the foreign labor. This is a different policy from that which has been taken by South Caro- lina, which has sought immigration so as to reduce the preponderance of the :negro population. THE PHILIPPINE LEPTR COLONY. Cnder the Spanish domination there were several hospitals for the exclusivq care of lepers, that of St. Lazarus Manila, harbored one hundred and fit ty victims. When the American flag was raised over these islands, a praiseworthy interest ws taken in the lepers who at the time were scattered all over the islands. A leper colony on the island of Culion was decided upon and all the planters there were brought out. New and well-constructed buildings with eery convenience that experi- ence and science could suggest were erected• The number of lepers is 1,- 800, all nativs except two Spantarde and one American. Formerly the deaths were from 100 to 150 a month; now they are from 12 to 15. Three meals a day are served and a monthly allowance of one dollar is made to each leper. The colony has its  tannic!pal government, composed 14pers. It consists of a president, vice president and eight counselors, with a police force made up of a lieutenant, set- 2.--That an indulgence is a:moving over the field, their solicitous faces wet with tears of sympathy, ad- ministering to the wants of the wound. ed and whispering words of comfort into the ears soon to be deafened by the cold, implacable hand of death. IIow many a veteran of the war, who wore the blue err gray, can yet recall the soothing touch of a Sister's hand, as he lay upon the pain-tossed couch of a hospitall Cn we ever forget their sympathetic eyes, their low, soft- poken words of encouragement and cheer when tlis result of the sigg|e between life and death yet hung in the balanee .Oh, how often have followed the form of that good Sister Valencia, with my sunken eyes, as she moved away from my cot to the cot of another sufferer, and .have breathed from the most sacred depths of my faintly beating heart the fervent prayer: "God bless herl God bless herI "My friends, I am not a Catholic. but I stand ready at any and all times to defend these noble women, even with my life, for I owe that life to them." LEGISLATIVE BILLS. The legislatare did a wise thing in establishing a State Board of Health. There is no profession that stands higher for honesty aml honor than the medical, and their members can be safely trusted to use economy ill the expenditure of the public funds. Life is more precious than property, and good health is one of the asses of a nation. The railroad hospital bill is one of the most important measures brougn, up in the present session. There has long been dissatisfaction among rail. road men on account of the arbitrary and exclusive management of the hos- pitals by railroad companies. Whetiwr a board of nine, six of whom are to lie railroad men aml members of union labor organizations, and thtee .from the railroad company affected, will meet the situation justly to all parties concerned is a mooted question. A rail- road hospital with equipments and suitable grounds will cost about $250,- 000. The maintenance of the hospital is very expensive, as everything is on the expensive order, physicians, trained nurses skilled attendants of all kinds, cooks, waiters and.porters. Where an order of the church has charge of the hospital there is naturally a material saving. Railroad men are also hard to satisfy. Their means is limited and frequently dependent families worry them. From strong and vigorous men they are reduced by an accident to a state of helplessness and they chafe under the restraints. At the same time they are as a rule intelligent and sens- ible men and docile in the hands of physicians and nurses• If the ratio of membership in the Board of Directors had been the re- verse of the bill, three from the men and six from the company,, there would be a better chance of placating the railroad company and of inducing its managers to exert their best pow- ers for the success of the work. What the men need most of all is a knowl- edge of the ways in which their con- tributions arc spent. By having a one-third membership on bhe board they would come in possession of this knowledge. But the railroads should never have allowed such a crisis to have arisen. They should have anticipated the wishes of the men and voluntarily ar- ranged a satisfactory representation on the board of both union and non- union men. The Juvenile Court bill is another meritorious measure. It ,,passed tm house by a vote of 68 to 1. It pro- vir]es for the creation of a Juvenile Court judge in all the counties of the state, before whom are to be brought delinquent or neglected children, when accused of misdoing or when recom- mendation is made that such children are in need of homes and a guardian's care. The editor of the Southern Guardian, When the petition was pre- sented to him for hi§ signature inserted a clause requiring the judge in com. mitting such children to institutions or benevolent indivdduals to select those of the religious faith of the children. We presume this clause is in the bill. W'e are not in favor of sending Jewish or Catholic children to Protestant institutions, nor are wc in favor of sending Methodist and Bap- tist children to Catholic institutions. THE IRISH RACE. Fate ordered, about the middle of the last century (1847) that the Irish race, like the Jewish race, should disperse itself the world over--and nmltiply. In 1841 a census of Ireland showed a population of 8,17,5,000. In 1851 (due to famine and emigration) the census of Ireland showed a population of 6,- 552,000. Here is a very conservative estimate (largely based on official census data) of the number of people in the world today whose parents were of Irish birth: The United States ...................... 5,000,000 Canada ........................................ 1,250,000 Ireland ........................................ 4,500,000 England and Scotland .............. 1,500,000 Australia and Oceania .............. 1,500,000 Scattering (as South Africa, India, Argentine, etc.) .......... 500,000 Total ........................................ 14,250,000 Add to this number the vast progeny of Americans and Canadians, whose parents were born here, but whose grandparents were of Irish birth, and it is easy to figure the grand total at 20,000,000. If we should-go still farther back and calculate all those of Irish ancestry from Colonial times, there are many authorities who hold that in the United Sdtn0 the Americans of Irish ancestry total 20,000,000. lany years ago (1875) Bishop Spald-I ing wrote a still interesting book on] "Tile Religious Mission of the Irish People." tie held that they were prov- dentially appointed to Catholicize North America and Australia. Ireland's present importance in the church is denoted by such facts as these: There are 25,000 priests of the Irish race. There arc 150 bishops of Irish cxtrac. tion. W " ' here are three Irish-born cardinals, Giblions, Logue and Moran. In the past and in the present ttle Irish have figured largely in ttle politi- cal world. Today the Irish hold the balance of power in the Parlitlment of England. An Irish-American is chief justice of the Supreme Court of Canada. Irish-American mayors preside over many large cities, such as New York. Boston, Pittsburg, Detroit and San Francisco. Six American States have Irish-Amer- ican governors.--Sprihgfield Tribune. KNIGHTS OF COLUMBUS ARE VIC- TORIOUS. 0onnecticut Supreme Court Renders an Important Decision The Supreme Court of Errors of Con- necticut, the court of last resort, has handed clown an opinion in the case of Kane vs. Knights of Columbus. This suit as brought in behalf of the insured members of the order of January 1, 1902, and sought to hav. the insurance moneys then on hand de- clared to lie their property and distrib- uted or used in their behalf. The funds in question were two" A Iortuary Reserve Fund (not the present fund of that name) amounting to $165,365 (with interest at 3½ per cent from January 1, 1902, to date), and the Surplus Death Benefit Fund of $405,754.41 (with interest at 3½ pe cent from January 1, 1902, to date). The ]ortuary Reserve Fund had been accumulated from the payments of $5.00 by each insured member in monthly installments anti was held t' for the purpose of paying such mortuary claims in any one year as are over and above the ordinary number of mortuary claims) based upon the American Ex- perience Table), ss may occur by rea- son of epidemics or other extraordinary canses and events." The Surplus Death Benefit Fund was held "to be used at any time to meet ordinary death claims when the regular assessment may not be sufficient. ' With the enactment of the present step-rate plan into law becoming ef- fective January 1, 1902, a new Mortn- cry Reserve Fund was created to con- sist of all insueance moneys in excess of $25,000 and the old Mortuary Re. FACING THE 20t00CENTURY y REV. AMIBOYLE, in "Freeman's Journal" q (From an Address Delivere<I--i'n Mon- criminology. If you count out Russia, tauk Theater, Brooklyn.) The rising tide of prosperity in the United States has not as yet reached its full height, yet what marvelous wealth it has borne on its wave for the last fifty yearsl We have quickly forged to the forefront of the nations of the earth. The last decade of years has made us such a world power that no event that affects the nations eau now be settled without us. The Young Giant Nation of the West must alway be reckoned with. The Twentieth Century is but ten years old, and already it has given birth to such wonders that we may well surmise what is to come. If it had been foretold a decade of years ago that in a short time the birdmen wonld mount into the blue sky and conquer the empire of the air, such a prophecy would have been scoffed at, but now the tales have l/ecome so old that we yawn over their telling. In this decade of years a war has been fought to a finish between Russia am Japan; and. the greatest disaster of all history has happened in the destruc- tion of Messina hy an earthquake and the loss of a hundred thousand lives over night, and the world has shed hardly a tear over itI Before another decade is half way gone the western continent may be broken asunder at the waist line. In spite of our marvelous energy and our heroic achievements, the nation has within its bosom the elements of dis- solution. History shows that no nation has ever perpetuated itself without a deep sense of religion in the hearts of the people. Religion is the cement that binds the fabric together and gives such cohesion that the process of dis- integration is stayed and stability is assured. The spirit of religion is de- caying among our people. I make this statement in spite of the statistics of growing churches 8,000,000 of our people have deliber- ately written themselves down as ad- herents of no churc, h. I do not inter- pret this to mean that they have no personal religion, but it indicates that the drift is away from church organi- zations. The next generation will be still further away from God than this generation is away from church homes. The men of this generation arc protesting against worn-out creeds, and the narrow dogmas of Ecclesias- ticism. Many people who still call themselves "Christians" deny that Christ is the Son of God. Tomorrow they will repudiate the distinctive numo of Christians, because the lnster Man of Nazareth is no more to them than Confucins, l¢ahomet or Buddha. Sons will scoff where fathers worshiped, and the irre]igionist of today will be the anti-re]igionist of tomorrow. The process of buttering down the ancient walls of the temple of God and of disrupting the foundation is carried on in the universities, and the throngs of young men who are going forth into the world's activities are more pagan than Christian. The red corl)uscles of vital raligion are being eliminated from the blood of the peo- ple, and this is tlle only thing that will protect them from the ravages of social diseases. :Notice but a few of the signs of the times. One of the larges: of tim denominations reports that 2.100 churches are without pastors. Ministers are turning their faces to other occu- pations. Crime in all its revolting guises is terribly on the increase. Homi- cide alone has increased 450 per cent since 1889. according to V. M. Maston. an eminent authority on the subject of serve Fund and Surplus Death Benefit Fnnd were transferred to this new or- tuary Re*serve Fund. The court now finds that both of the fumls in suit are the property of th . Order and not of any class, no the property of the insured members oi I January 1, 1902. The court says, how- ever, that the old Mortuary 'Reserve Fund ($165,365 and interest) should be held upon the original conditions (as set forth above), that is for extraordi- nary losses only. The court also states that the right of the order to change its rules and adopt the step-rate plan or the reason- ableness of the plan could not h.ave been successfully attacked, as the plain- tiff attempted to do in his bill, although afterward on his brief practically waiving this point. It is a victory for the order and will set at rest the contentions of those members who have been urging upon the old members their absolute rights, as against all others, to and in these two funds. homicide in the Cnited States exceeds the total of ten civilized races. It is estimated that there are 350,000 people in the United States, whom the law does not touch, who deliberately choose and pursue criminal careers. The na- tional debt is $964,000,000. The cost of crime is that. and half as much more, Philosophers tell us that crime is a child of ignorance. The American people devote more money per capita to the education of youth than any oth- er two countries in the world, and yet, judging by our criminal records, e are the most uncivilized people iu chris. tendom. Suicide is vastly on the increase, and nothing indicates the disbelief in God and the future life as plainly as the prevalence of suicide. There are eXisting in Twentieth Century America a number of suicide clubs, whose mem- bers are bound by pact to end their lives on certain fixed dates. Another alarming symptom of the wide-spread irreligion of the day is the growing of the method of "painless suppression" (putting to death before their time) for those who are said to be incurably afflicted in mind or body. Doctors as- suming to themselves the authority--a distinguished ex-president of Harvard endorses it--legislatures have deliber- ately considered the proposition. The idea so totally ignores the rights of God and His dominion over life and death, that to entertain it for a mo- ment or deliberately to discuss its feasi- bility shows how far men have drifted from Christian ideals. It is among the idle rich that the greatest viciousness prevails. Chris- tian standards have long since gone out of the lives of the fast set. Wine and chorus girls, ,with a few added brain- storms, have swept away all regard not only for the commandments of God, but for even the laws of nature. Things are constantly being done tkat the most benighted Hottentdt of Africa would scorn to do. Would a respectable so- called cannibal of the Congo divorce his wife and marry a chorus girl? Would a Borneo head-hunter of any standing in his community go scootin about the country in a devil wagon, defying the laws ns to speed and pro. tection of life, and leaving behind him a corrupting trail of playing-cards, ci- gar stumps and champagne bottles? Would a Patagonian clay-eater, howev- er degraded his sense of decency, allow his fair daughter to marry a degenerate rogue simtfly because there was a shad. ow of nobility behind him? The decadence of faith among the masses of the people, and the dread- ful prevalence of irreligious theories, subversive of the fnndamental princi- ples of morality, among some univer. sity professors, the growth of Socialism. only another name for discontent and of anarchy, which is an attack on all forms of legitimate authority, the ex- ploitation of the degeneracy of the idle rich, and at the same time the grinding hardships of the povery-strickeu masses, while these conditions are be. coming more and more acute, ttle only bridle of restraint besides the police.. tuna's club can be found in a wide'- spread souse of religious conviction, and this, too, is being cast aside. Where are we drifting to? What will this Twentieth Century as its years un- old :oveal to ns I am of the opinion that the health of the body politic is similar to our physical health, and might be studied iu the suno way, Ordiaary disenso was the result of a microbe attacking the primary cell and destroying i and accomplishing the ruin of our halth. The primary cell of society was the family, he said, "and its enemies were the agents that would ultimately ruin society. Foremost among these active enemies of the family is the divorce abomination. There were nearly a mil. lion divorces in the United States in the last twenty years--about three times as many as in the previous twen- ty years. There are ai)out three thou- sand courts whose time is principally occupied in disrupting the family life of the country. The American people pay three thousand dignified ,udge to blacken their fair name among the us. lions of the earth and bestrew the pathway of progress into a higher civi, lization with a wreckage of a .million families. Imagine the-vast amount of evil produced by these ten hundred tbous. and divorces in the United States. Two million souls are utterly destroyed, no matter how jauntily they may carry themselves in after life; two million I families are deeply stained by the co- tion of their connections, and, .wors t (Co.ti.ed o. Pae 8)