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April 13, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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April 13, 1945

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[: L PAGEEIGFrr , .............. THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 13, 19!5 , ._. ,- ..., , ..........  ........................... H D" I E MISSIONERS HELD BY JAPANESE unger,, d ,sease n, G . R uroped , II Ilrl00 Denlcte as rim emln er By Elmer Murphy tory at arms will not mark the will be a clean-cut military sur- [ I i ii Washington.As the tide of passing of the crisis. Probably render of the forces on the west- I / m l':: .' battle rolls onward, the magnitude years will elapse before it can be !ern front," he says in his letter . I of the problem of rehabilitating said that purposes for which the to President Roosevelt. Our ex- I [ [[ li ;Ve00 I III I I . U S Troops ' ' Many I Edify People In Lithuani00 I Chicago. (E)--Lithu I Of Iceland [ sovietized and is suLf I line, while many th0  | Ibeen deported. ThiS,] I [ on present conditions [. I New York. (IfJ--Catholics of Ice- [republic under Rusl[D A ....... land have been proud of their [tion has been obtsl2klNLlN II brothers in the armed forces of the  Lithuania Roman Ca. ] United States during their stay |eration here through'| have lost a rea| here, the Most Rev. Johannes [tan scholar who noL ...... - _] Gunnarsson, Vicar Apostolic of lParis" rure not on acc Iceland, said today in an interview [ "Lithuania is under| It because of b on the eve of his departure for his [terrible process of  h:utlw. A,,r;Bc, [ homeland. . ,,-, uu.-,5 Bishop Gunnarsson was eonse- lobserves the emled LI --:","= uu .... 5 ] crated in 1943 in Washingtonl D.C. [his report to the Fed toty. l led on letter and neW_ eas-a man alw He has been in this country for |'"A casual line inend  a man mw sometime buying supplies for in- stitutions in his See, which include states, "said '200,000   on God. , present war has cracked the foundations of civilization. An, other wr would probably destroy it altogether, at least for many years to come. ,, It is also quite clear that a vic- "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from page 1) woman school teacher married, she was by tlmt very fact relieved of duty. Much to the surprise of most of those concerned, It was recently discovered that there is no such law, but tlmt it was mere- ly a custom. A newspaper edi- torial commenting on the subject had this to say, '12te idea must have started long ago, when a married woman entered on a life, where, what with cooking, wash- ing, mending, garment making and producing and rearing children, the work was never done." Veri- ly, brother, you hit the nail on the head. The pity of it is that such household duties and mar- ridge obligatlons no longer appeal to the majority of women. True, the house work can be done now much more quickly because of the many gadgets that are to be had. This is not an mimixed blessing. It has been conducive to making activities outside of the home at- tractive to the married women with many evil results. As for the producing and rearing of chil- dren, these obligations are taken very lightly by modern women. The truth of the matter is that in the days in which the custom orig- inated, of which the writer spoke, the school teachers in question re- signed, because they expected to make marriage, what it should be, a full time occupation. They in- tended to live decent married lives and to have and to rear properly, all the children that God sent to them. Under ordinary circum- stances, this was a good number. For a period of twenty years or more, the mother of the family had one full time teaching job, teaching her own children and she had no time to hire out to teach the children of other par- enta, This is obviously the rea- son why single women were em- ployed as public school teachers, The present system that tokes mo- thers out of the homes to work or for any other purpose is the reason why we have problem chil- dren and delinquents. They get that way because they are neglect- ed. This system lowers the ef- ictency of our schools, because the children are not prepared for school life. They are not amen- able to discipline. They are usual- ly acquainted with alleged rights that they have, but seldom with duties. So the transformation of the home life has badly handicap- the school and thus society suffers. It is a vicious circle. Let us have married womn for teach- era, but let them teach their own children. The Office of War Infornmflon ]ss requested that all citizens consider the many vital precau- tions that must be token In order that the war may continue to go on to a successful issue and In or- der that the activities on the home front may not be hampered. Food production is going to be a vital factor this year. All those, who can do so, especially the young people, who have vacation from their schools during the summer months, are asked to seek farm jobs. Over two million youths and women are needed to reach this year's goal in food production. A timely warning is issued to all car owners to keep their auto- mobiles in good condition, by con- stant care and attention to lubri- cation, tires and particularly to keep within the War Speed limit. Despite the continual warnings about the War Speed, thousands of motorists are still hurtling over the highways with Httle or no re- gard for anything except whatever satisfaction they get from doing as they please. The present cars must do for a long time, even af- ter complete victory has 'been at- tained. Public transportation ve- hicles are already overtaxed and there is no room for those who needlessly ground themselves through lack of care, All home front machinery must be protect- eel and spared by extreme cau- tion. Even if replacements are available, they are to be had only by weakening the war effort, to the extent of diverting so much material from the battle front. As the war rolls on toward victory, no one should relax. It will not do for us to lose our momentum. The people of this nation, taken as a whole, have done a splendid Job, both those, who have been or are in the armed forces and those, who remained on the home front making the sinews of war; Each in his own way has played an es- sential role. Naturally, it is more glamorous for those, whose work carried them up to the very mouths of the enemy's cannon. It has always been so, but when the din of the battle is silent and peaceful days return once more, when the service uniforms are northern Norway, from Holland !and Belgium, there are literally thousands of Domvrenas"--a ty- [pical Greek village--"once pros- perous villages, now charred ruins, with decimated populations strug- i gUng with destitution and disease. Europe is cold, Europe is hungry, Europe is sick. Children have been the war's hardest-hit victims. Malnutrition has caused tuberculosis and rickets among a high percentage of the children of Eastern Europe. There is nothing more international than disease; and let us remember that after the war, millions of refugees will be trekking home, either out df or into contaminated areas. General Eisenhower issues a warning that the fighting in Ger- many will probably continue even after the Nazi armies have been shattered and, as such, rendered impotent. "The further this cam- paign progresses, the more pro- bable it appears that there never definite and decisive collapse or 'surrender of German resistance. "So long as any of the Hitler i gang retains a semblance of poli- tical power, I believe the effort will be to continue resistance not only throughout Germany, but in all of the outlying areas, includ- ing the western port areas of France and Denmark and Nor- way." So long as this attitude on the part of the Germans prevails, the difficulty of checking the advance of disease and hunger will in- crease and the number of strick- en civilians will grow and the post-war prospect will become more ominous. This, according to prevalent Washington opinion, is the most potent argument that can be made for setting up the international machinery for maintaining peace and preventing the recurrence of a similar, or even more devastat- ing, world tragedy. (N.C.W.C. News Service) packed away and the ones, who wore them, take their places again among the undistinguished civil- ians, it is our hope that everyone will realize that the war was fought and won by the united ef- forts of Americans and their al- lies. This is not a military nation in times of peace. Let us hope that it never will be and that this nation will never draft its youth for compulsory military training in times of peace. The nations that cultivated militarism are go- ing down to defeat. Our nation does one thing at a time, but it has always done that thing freely and well. RHINELAND (Continued from page 1) room, bedroom, radio, a small li- brary and oil lamps. Meals could only be prepared during nights, in order not to attract the attention of the Gestapo, who during the daytime would have noticed the smoke coming from down below. Food had to be provided by friends, who willingly surrendered some of their ration cards to help the unfortunates living through weeks of complete darkness. On the walls of one of the un- ground chambers, which in many ways resemble the Roman Cata- combs, I found this inscription: "I believe in the Sun, even though it be dark. "I believe in God, even though He be silent. "I believe in neighborly char- ity, even though it may not show itself anywhere." : Nuns Take Hardship Of War Smiling Maryknoll, N. Y. {E)--Cut off from all members of their com- munity ]n South China, 14 Mary- knoll Sisters in the Kaying area, Kwangtung, are leading a full mission life, according to a letter received at the Motherhouse here, from Sister M. Augusta. She writes in part: "Our people are mostly in the outstations and we walk many miles up hill and down dale to reach them, in order to bring them to God. We have many good Ca- tholics, too, and the consolations are not a few. "You would laugh if you sud- denly dropped in upon us and saw our appliqued clothes. We patch and re-patch until there is scarce- ly any of the original material left. Stockings are our greatest problem as the long hikes play havoc with them; however, we keep going and after all we have very little in the way of privation. We have suf- ficient food. "We are so deeply grateful for having been left here in our mis- sion, and although we are cut off from any outside communication we are free to work among the natives." Parents Hear From Nun Now Interned In Japan Halifax, N.S. (E) First word since the Pearl Harbor attack has been received from Sister Mary of the Seven Sorrows, who has been in missionary work in the Far East for the last 18 years and i who is at present interned in Japan. The message was trans- mitted by the Red Cross to her parents, Mr. and Mrs. E. J. Godin, of this city, for the last 11 years, Sister Mary has been stationed in cities in Japan and her last as- signment was in Yokohama. Bishop Hoban's Grandnephew Killed In Air Accident Chicago. 00Lieut. Thomas V. Scott, grandnephew of the Most Rev. Edward F., Hoban, Coadjutor Bishop of Cleveland, has been killed in an airplane accident in England, according to news re- ceived here. Lieut. Scott was the grandson of John L. Alcock, Chi- cago's late police commissioner. Cardinal's Residence At Munich Destroyed By Dr. Max Jordan Frankfurt. (E}His Eminence the Most Rev. Michael Cardinal yon Faulhaber, Archbishop of Munich and Freising, had to leave his episcopal residence in the heart of Munich several weeks ago after it had become uninhab- itable as a result of the heavy air raids on the capital of Bavaria He now lives at Freising near Munich. According to further in- formation that has become avail- able here through reliable sources, the Cardinal's Cathedral Church the famous Frauenkirche, suffer- ed extensive bomb damage, also most of the other churches in Munich. All German Bishops, according to latest information, carry on their activities despite innumer- able difficulties. So far, reports state, none of the German Bishops has been forced to leave his dio- cese. Fear Soviets Will Annex Part Of China New York. (E)Fear that Rus- sia's policy of expansion as evi- denced in the incorporation of the small Baltic States and a sub- stantlal part of Poland will lead to partition by the Soviet of var- ious Chinese territories, is ex- pressed in the current issue of the China Monthly, published here. Noting the fate that befell Po- land at Yalta, the editorial expres- ses the fear that Russia will prob- ably demand "another Curzon Line in China," adding that "this will probably partition Inner and Out- er Mongolia, Sinkiang, Manchuria, and other territories from China, and annex them to Soviet Rus- sia." "So far, Soviet Russia has got all she wanted," the editorial con- tinues. "In fact, the 'Big Three' might as well be called the 'Big One.' . . "Russia did not Join the Cairo Conference, did not want a seat with the Chinese delegates at the Dumbarton Oaks Conference, and did not want to participate in the Chicago International Aviation Meeting, for the simple reason that Switzerland, Spain and Portugal were invited to sit in. All these instances clearly indicate that Rus- sia has been having her own way all these years. We deem it no exaggeration to conclude that the 'Big Three' is de facto the 'Big One.'" God's Flowers A priest met a mother distracted by grief at the death of her only boy, and as she wept, he told her this beautiful Oriental legend: A King, while walking one morning in his garden, was at- tracted by the rare beauty and fragrance of the few buds on a certain bush. "When tomorrow comes and these buds are in full bloom, I will pick them," said the King, but when the next rorning came, the buds, now grown into mature blossoms, had lost their delicacy and sweet scent. "Henceforth," said he, "I will gather the buds when they are pure and sweetly fragrant." The mother saw the lesson of the legend and smiling, through her tears said: "Oh, God bless you, Father, and God's will be done[" Laval U. Honors Official Quebec. (E)Chester S. Walters, Deputy Provincial Treasurer and Controller of Finances for the Province of Ontario, was honored by Laval University here with the honorary degree of Doctor of Sciences. The degree was be- I stowed on Mr. Walters by His Eminence Rodrigue Cardinal Vil- leneuve, Archbishop of Quebec, as Chancellor of Laval. 'Jacques, of Windsor, Ont., who have been reported by the Interna- tional Red Cross as interned in the Shebei Camp in Manchuria. The missioners declined offers'of repatrlatian by the Japanese, prefering t, ain there to resume mission work after the war. (NCWC St. Edward's Altar Society Meets Little Rock. --Members of the St. Edward's Mothers-Altar Soci- ety held their regular monthly meeting in the church basement on Wednesday, April 4. 1945, with Mrs. Julian Nabholz presiding. Thirty-six members were present. The Society voted to buy a new altar cloth and tabernacle cur- tain. After the business meeting, penny bingo was played, door prizes awarded and refreshments were served by the entertainment i committee; Mrs. John Wilson, Mrs. Henry Sprick, Mrs. Joe McNeil, i Mrs. Lee Stuff and Mrs. Ray Blankenship. The next meeting will be on 'Wednesday, May 2. Sunday, April 15, is Communion day for the Society and all ladies of the :parish, and all are invited to re- ceive in a body at the seven o'clock Mass. To Receive Communion With Mothers, May 13 St. Louis .0C)May 13, World Sodality Day, is also observed as Mother's Day in the United States, and an appeal has gone out to all Sodalists to mark the double significance of that day by re- ceiving Holy Communion together with their mothers. The Queen's Work, Sodality central office in the United States and Canada also suggests that on May 13 the So- dalities have mothers as breakfast guests. This year's official Sodality Day picture is Our Lady of Fatima, because it was on May 13, 1917, that the Blessed Mother appeared to three Portuguese children at Fatima. Nicaraguan Bishop Dies Vatican City. (E)Death of the Most Rev. Nicolas Tijerino y Loaiciga, Bishop of Leon in Ni- caragua since 1922, is announced in word received here. The Bish- on wa, born in Leon 63 years ago. Catholic schools and two hospitals at Landakot and the Church prop- erty near his Gothic Cathedral in Reykjavik, the capital of Iceland. For security reasons Bishop Gurmarsson declined to go into detail about Army and Navy per- sonnel in Iceland. "I can say they were very edifying," he volun- teered. "We have been proud of the part that Catholic American Army and Navy chaplains and men have played while they have been with us." Expressing regret that ex- igencies of wartime travel pre- vented his observing Easter in his own Cathedral, Bishop Gun- narsson recalled Easter a year ago, when his Cathedral was filled with American Catholics in uni- form. "You could hardly breathe, it was so packed," he said. "At every Mass it was the same. And the Communion rail was lined again and again with Navy blue and Army khaki." Bishop Gunnarsson praised the commanding officers stationed in Iceland and told how sincerely and eagerly they sought ways to keep their men happy, and con- tented in a strange country. 'Secret Of The Saints' Best Seller St. Louis, Me. 00"Secret of the Saints" by Henri Gheon is list- ed.' Paleskis (So president) boasted o that 83,000 Lithuania ily left for work in Union." 'Lithnania is goinl process of russificatio cording to a Lithuani$ nouncer, has made go0 the report continue thought that new R izers have been brou$1 "Lithuania . is u famine, for one read$ bloated from hunger ing from hunger.' of the Lithuanian W sociation, while discu! ing conditions of wfl  ted that they are oi yet he urged them to the Soviet Union, t merits of the Red Ari Discussing the que# country's survival, the i savant says he is trt !some very pessimistic adding: "We are he$ the news coming fron Indeed, all our hopes America. Evidently there are working b fatherland will be vg to you. _. ed as the April ,'all: seller" by the Best S# international headqU i ' problem squa iCaergy, courage  fairness and i' ifrace or creed, a man with ::a5 ddubt wh, 'fihtlng for wh ! to mistakes h, mg' him of be We this countr: ression; as Co ')uperb plannir ,:!great resource !/the inscrutable , live to see the e .gave himself in e peace he : :realized soon. his soul rest im Vive? which is at the Quee. here. Sodality. central. Y . DOES YOUR HOME SUFFER FROM ... HERE ARE SIX EASY WAYS TO CURE IT: Bare, unshaded bulbs are a waste of light and a source of unconfortable glare. Shade all bulbs to direct and concentrate the light. Up to ,SO% of your light can lie useless be;hind dust-coated lamp shades, rlectors and bulbs. Keep them scoured clean. One 100-watt bulb gives 50,/o more light than four 25-watt bulbs, yet uses no more current. Use one large bulb whenever pos- sible. Dark colors absorb light. Paint your lamp shades white inside and use white lamp bulbs. Light colored walls reflect more light, tOO.  liTh:o= :alnd:Soli:i[a t:; Lamps with short bases give a minimum of light. Tall bases allow light to cover area, diffusing it to prevent glare. code, am that noth of the d week the were awed of the deatt friends  accord to Even the daunt D. Roose 'sical handle driven ale: all hopes, a fi, e reaching the gift He went o won and of Am that they ele, to the office a pre, by W.' observed by ltil Mr. Roose being elected the vie sincere of them former l to wealth and altege schools, bul to the ition time help him.   tmistakes as . In'his an 1 [inary man, he I t-tndulgent fa ted by his love ]: ) act imprude e President's : intended ore: t of the lab I! ffortunate wer( I srtanaged so OVident people  lities too prm ral governmen Untry so exte urs and w is, ;e prevails, Y on the detai , Vithout  ce: i!ses. But de lRte President the hearts o: rl en and he w] as a great Ar e's fitful fevo tied in the a being his [ to ad with a praye of the late the torch his dead to victory. Peace.* Harry S. second Ires The z his life say middle t name, bul he hal different n: wit not to one t', but if th about him  Associated R "whose k] is hesitates to c: ARKANSAS POWER ,,. ,u.,,,,o.,,oo iL. h tmportanc hberior to his ect that it l .E,,,.,.,u,,o ,,,,.s,s & LIGHT CO; J" and there @ i| o further qu W- n's aBili