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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 13, 1945     Arkansas Catholic
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April 13, 1945

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PAGE F'OUR THB GUARDIAN. APRIL 13, Ilill I I Ill I I= III IIIII - __J I IlJ II I IJ - I ii II II IIIIlill I11 I THE GUARD [AN OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE CATHOUC DIOCESE OF LITTLE LOCK PUBLISHED WEEKLY By THE GUARDIAN PRESS, 3091/8 WEST SECOND STREET j , , ,J i ]ntered ms second-chess m&tt4.' "Marsh 21, 1011, M the p4xst office Id Little Rock, Arkansas, undec the Act of Corsss of  l, 18Vt. J 8URaGRIPTION PRICE: 85.00 the you OFFICIAL DO4:IEIdN ORGAN TOw Gusrdlon Is tha official orpn of thl Diocese of Little Re ,4" eadl | pt-aF Gad that It may be on earnest chtmplon of the emmse of rilhts JmJtJsa nod truth and nn ardent defender of the reUlion we ed] love so well | stead ta it my blesslnlr lth tha ehsere Isepe that toe saJ'er reLY be hal end prosporou t I1 JOHN B. MORR|8, 81shots nf tittle JtNl EDITOR VERY RV. MONBIGNOR THOMAS L. rEANY, Ph, D. MANAGING EDITOR -- BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian, businees and editorhd, should be handled through- , REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST 3091/s West Bud Street, Telephone 5486 All articles and news items intended fro" publication should roach The Guardian office not ster than Monday st noon. SLInature el Imrty oubJ mittfns copy for publication is oeeeawy In oil Jastamces. SPONSORS OF SE/IVICE Picture Service-nights af Columbus of Arkamms Blytheviile-Oscma Council No 2857 ............ 81|.00 Little Rock Council. No. 812 for 1944 and 1045  844.00 Paragould Council, No 1718 812.00 Fort Smith Council, No. 996... $22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2448:_., 817.00 Texarkana Council No. :1660 SlY.tO Stuttgart.Slovactown Council, No. 2788 1124.00 and imperfect but still a sense of an unseen Power or Powers to whom man owed obedience and worship. We know of no civilization, no tribe of people, however primitive, devoid of this sense. Our age is the first in which it has largely disappeared, and in which a wholly secularist philosophy of life has obtained a large and growing foothold. Nazism, Fascism and Com- munism are all completely secularist in principle and practice. Moreover, in countries where "democratic" principles have not been formally abandoned--e.g. Great Britain and the United States--the "sense" of religion has manifestly atrophied great- ly in the last century. For a great many people in these coun- tries what remains is but a shadowy ghost of Eighteenth Cen- tury Deism which itself was but a pale ghost of real religion. Christendom has largely ceased to believe in Christ; it is in that that it has largely ceased to be Christian. In abandon- ing faith in Christ it has abandoned faith in God. All this is visible fact. SPLINTERED FAITH It began with the splintering of Christian faith four cen- turies ago. To fragmentation inevitably succeeded atomiza- tion, evaporation. The process was greatly accelerated by the tremendous material developments that came with almost ex-. plosive violence in the last two centuries under the "industrial Revolution" which, literally, changed the face of the earth, multiplied its peoples with unprecedented rapidity, fed, clothed and sheltered them better than ever before, and drew them L-00APL00 1945 Jl IL i li I --I  II. I I Q UES TION B OX NotimP---lt  Import,tot  oU Questions N stlod with the sJte's name and COMPLETE l.rau io$ initials)x otherwise tha enestlons will not b answered No names ors sear pllbUshsd. QuosMons whluh tk Lot prdvots answer must be scoeniad by elf4dsed. stamped nveJopo. We invite mal behest and worthwhfla Guejtlons "Rural When a Person In The State Of Grace Commits a Venial Sin Does He Lose or Lessen That Grace. Neither. Venial sin does not destroy the state of grace and con- sequently cannot augment or diminish it. The state of grace is lost only through mortal sin. To assume that venial sin could destroy or even diminish grace, would lead to the bsurd conclusion that a definite number of venial sins might eventually grow into a mortal sin, or that repeated venial sins gradually diminish grace until finally it disap0ears altogether. The first-mentioned assumption is impos- sible because venial sin differs generically from mortal sin, and a translation from the one to the other would be a change of the very nature of things. The second assumption would entail the he- retical inference that the state of grace can be lost without mortal sin. No doubt venial sin influ- ences the state of grace unfavor- ably; but this evil influence must be conceived as indirect; by com- mitting venial sins man weakens his will-power, and temptation Does it do good to have Mssaes said for non-Cthollcs? Certainly. If they are alive, it may win for them the grace of faith and conversion; if they are dead, it may help them out of purgatory. The Church allows such Masses for non-Catholics, if said privately and without public announcement, When the body of a deceased of by Roy, Anthony C.S. (General Diocesan Beauty Of Farming as a much to offer to difference enjoyed ple. There are ments that er conditions, but the satisfaction open hfe on the ] more than offsets veniences suffered, s. A woman" the ( k.' aa, O. F. M "If I were younge 4" |k'l. lulling March would move to theJ Aleutian Islan seem to be so ma/e 1 I,,.v r portunities in the citY.pl0, Al'gf'.; ly had spoken the .w " 'ln '1 she relented, and said  ' suppose I would either, O s all the things i. the c t,s opeaKex made and the things try are made. much satisfaction ill things grow and it  2__ /! 9 feel good to know t Ja|s better because you ctllULL _--Observing and cared for them. from the woman called her the strc enjoy the beautiful and in sun was setting human an green leaves of the t her husband that it and m beautiful for one Columbus all alone. Looking his audienc garden where the encouraging tables were still American- vigorating warm could be a: agreed that life on the mai much beauty and wrapped up in it. lecture There is such a of four ing so familiar with c one fails to on s trinsic worth and The This very often is the Is "Can We farm where the paints a picture ne the skill of the best this co will pay a large price: Joneeboro Council. No. 1702 Helena Oounc|l No. 1770 Pine Bluff Council No. 1158. $2g.00 ,u r, ,.'J ' ,," 'a .' , i ..... APRIL 13, 1945 ;00CATH 0 LI C----S p OTL, G ,TS00 By THOMAS F. WOODLOCK This is the first of a series of several articles having for their general theme the United Nations Conference in San Francisco in relation to the world of today and tomorrow. They are being contributed by world-famous think- era from various nations round the world. The views of these writers will differ, and even may conflict, on some points. The printing of them gives them no editorial sanction. Taken together, however, they should light up facts of the San Francisco meeting from numerous interesting angles, give a vigorous point of de- : parture for Catholic thought. Mr. Woodlock, a native of Ireland, was  educated at Beaumont College and the Uni- versity of London in England, but has long resided in the United States. President Coolidge named him to the Inter- state Commerce Commission in 1925. He is presently an edi- tor of "The Wall Street Journal." He has addressed disting- uished gatherings in all parts of the United States and his writ- ings have appeared in many leading publications. St. Francis Xavier College and Fordham University in New York have be- stowed honorary degrees upon him, and the University of Notre Dame named him Laetare Medalist in 1943. He is the author of ".The Catholic Pattern." Mr. Woodlock % also a member of the Board of Trustees of the National Catholic School of Social Service. In less than one month some 40 nations will meet in San Francisco to consult with each other how they may rebuild what remains of a shattered world into a new world, in which the age-old curse of war shall be once and for all lifted from us, and in which nations and men shall live together in peace and freedom. Speaking a few days ago, the British Secretary of Foreign Affairs warned his people that this meeting would be our last chance to accomplish this task. In one respect that is an over- statement, for we cannot know what the future may hold for mankind. God alone knows that. There is, however, this truth in Mr. Eden's words: the world we live in has crashed around us. We must rebuild it, and in rebuilding it we must somehow fashion its walls so that war cannot again enter .it and again wreck it. MODERN WAR INTOLERABLE We have learned that our modern world can no longer tolerate war, for modern war threatens our total destruction. We have seen in a few short months what it can do. It has reduced the major part of the European Continent to a shape- less mass of smoking rubble where the great cities once stood, and to a terrified horde of hungry, shivering, homeless peoples fleeing aimlessly in all direction from the bombs, shells and tanks of armed men, against whom no sure defense can be foun& Nothing in human history even faintly parallels the paroxysm of destruction in which we find ourselves engulfed today. How has this happened to us of all people who are the heirs of all the ages of man on this earth? Must we not know what has gone wrong with that "City of Man" in which we took such pride but a couple of generations ago and thought we had built to last forever? Where was the fatal defect in the plan? Only when we know that, can we hope to plan the new "City" with the hope that it will stand. What is it that has driven us to concentrate all the resources Of our science upon what is little less than a frenzied attempt at suicide by a whole civilization, the greatest the world has ever known) SECULARIST WORLD For anyone with a sense of history the answer should be plain, and it is terribly simple. Modern man has forgotten God and in forgetting God he has forgotten his own nature. Christendom has largely ceased to be Christian, and, more it has become largely, almost formally secularist in its pattern of life, something new in human experience. All great civilizations of which we have record were vital- ized by rellgion---a religion of some sort, a strong sense, vague into an entirely new intimacy of physical and mental contact eventually grows so strong as to with each other, make mortal sin inevitable. Scrip- ture warns us that, "He that con- Here was something real, something solid, something, temneth sman things, shall fall measurable and tangible. Man saw the wails of an imposing little by little." $ "City of Man" arise at the magic touch of "Science." Here were real "miracles" in which one could "believe" and the miracle worker "was Man himself. Man must "believe" in something; he had largely ceased to believe in God, so he transferred his faith to himself as the lord of creation, and started to create the earthly paradise, the heaven on earth. By comparison with it how poor, how thin and shadowy seemed the dreams of past men who pinned their faith to a Heaven and a God that none could see, touch or measure l And then came the crash. No sooner had we moved into our spacious "City of Man" than its walls crumbled around us and buied us in a mass of rubble, hungry, cold and fearful, and now we face the task of rebuilding our "City." ' CAUSE OF COLLAPSE Can anyone calmly lookiag at the facts really doubt the cause of its collapse? It is not clear that in planning it we omit- ted to take into account the all-important matter of its founda- tions? In discarding God from our calculations, we discarded His Law, the law for man, the Natural Law of Right and Wrong, the Law which fits man into the cosmos of "things," and gives him his only legitimate title to lordship over "things." We were well skilled in the law for "things," but we had for- gotten the law for man, and the "things" turned on us as if in revolt against a usurper of power over them. Is it not clear that the first step toward rebuilding our "City" must be to plan its foundation upon the law for men and upon a return of our faith in the Giver of that Law, the Creator of man} Centuries ago we were warned by Holy Writ in a solemn "Unless---", and in the simplest terms. "Unless the Lord shall have built the house, in vain shall they have labored who are building it." We built our City of Man in defiance of that "unless". There was nothing else that was wrong with our plans. Could we have a plainer warning as to what we must do as we sit down again to our blueprints? If we do not, what is to prevent "things" from wreaking upon our new city a vengeance of revolt still more destructive than it has already done? If these are not the plain lessons of history, I should like to know where we are to seek the causes of the catastrophe which is bringing us into "ecumenical" council at San Francisco this month. What is the practical thing to do if one Is worried about a past confession? The only thing for a person to do is to ask in his next confession whether, in view of the circum- stances, the priest judges that a general confession is necessary. Usually, a general confession should not be attempted without the approval of the confessor Re- ligious worries, scruples, are in- creased by frequent general con- fessions without a good reason. What is meant by the code of Canon Law? Where can I get one? The code of Canon 1aw is the body of laws drawn up by the Church for the government and order o the Church. A code of Canon Law can be bought at a bookstore. Usually, it is lint printed in English for a good translation of legal expressions is difficult. * $ $ Am I doing right when I give our church support to another church which is not our parish? You are not doing tte right tting, for the law is to contribute to the support of your parish. There is no objection to helping other churches after you first have helped your own parish. Would you kindly inform me througit your colmm what hap- pened to Simon of Cyrene who was forced to help our Lord car- ry the cross? Also where in the Gospels do we read explicitly that Our Lord fell three times on His way to Calvary? According to Christian writers, Simon of Cyrene embraced the Faith and preached the Gospel in Spain, with his sons, Rufus and Alexander. According to some he died in Jerusalem; according to others he died a martyr in Bosra, Arabia, where he was Bishop. The Gospels do not say ex- plicitly that Our Lord fell three times. Tradition tells us that Christ fell three times; once in the lower part of the city, again at the gate, and finally at the top of the Mount. person is laid out, is it necessary to have lit candles around it? The Church says that a lighted candle should he placed near the Vody of a deceased person. The candle is a symbol of the light of faith and of the future life of the departed. Is It true that sometimes a per- son will be anointed even after he is dead? We do not know the actual momefit of death, that is, the pre- cise time at which the soul leaves the body. The general practice is to give the Sacraments condition- ally even though the patient has been apparently dead for some lit- tle time, two hours being the limit generally allowed. Is It known where Paradise was? It is generally believed that the location of Paradise was in the valley of the Tigres and Euphrates rivers, west to southwest Asia. In Genesis II, 8 there is given the lo- cation of the Garden of Eden, or Paradise. The Garden does not ex- ist today, since it ceased to exist soon after the fall of Adam and Eve. 'ill you list some Protestant chnrches and tleir founders? Adventists, founded by William Miller in 1831; Baptists, founded by John Smith in 1611; Christian Scientists, founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1879; Congregational and Christian churches, founded by Robert Brown in 1560; Evangelical church, founded by Jacob Albright in 1803; Friends, founded by George Fox in 1648; Mormons, founded by Joseph Smith in 1829; Lutherans, founded by Martin Luther in 1517; Methodists, ound- ed by John and Charles Wesley in 1729; Presbyterians, founded by John Knox in 1560; Salvation Army, founded by William Booth in 1865; Unitarians, founded in .Boston in 1785 by a group of Lib- eral Christians. What Is meant by the sin of bad thoughts? It means that we think about what we should not think. They may cover many fields and our conscience will tell us whether or not the thoughts are wrong. Bad thoughts.are not sins. Only when we take pleasure in them or con- sent to bad desires which result --o we Hiltv of sin. notably m: ing of a peaceful scenelg:: Mr. Chain will hang up in their V rr el; and the 1 thew eyes on. e Y ver .... beautiful country scene Past aenaSre] for granted They are qPaerao-. .'2 " e ' rzes o war on as ordmary and to b.r[es. I ..... The country home ban]stice "'  "." t,.oe00 and flowerin00 00oth grazing in the meadow 'Jan .... "" "ds - eous wao the brooK; green xie  lotaaces , . .... ;. -  glll'ern ........ lng acres; tne armer u'wnnaen ..o t following behind the atle s   u. non-a soft sun beams playir Wet ..... ,v fohage of young green llia s .... n . all at least m part a ra e of ,, - for the things we re0rein glm... " hard on the farm.  strT%;%2"f For people whose PII;' add a ,,,.qnvi not been warped and _raoreel'aantwo beauty. In a departmee,v, eralrll, ul' tim ..... factory, in a foundry or v ,zs document ' ,IRP .......... shop you do not have *r._. at Al'noriPn' t " ' sis ,,. the-'=-- umty of appreclat.: , m rote beauty in nature as yo. , effort " hg 'farm. If there would '.leranc'nd', people living on farewell'  Opinion h there would be more p|'c OUtright al ing about God. We wei "naraberli n s to live for God, Who essence of beauty to mix fi: beauty is even to show rored in this Universe of intern created, a basis of Farmers Can to make g, RTIRAI' that the endorse ( of basec annexa Ct Wreck of : race' reg page of lfl feelir shou is' the have life THE/VhAS ANbBLO St, Ph.I