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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 10, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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April 10, 1942
 

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s PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 309V, WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-elves matter March 21, 1911, at the point office at Little Rock, Arkansas. under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official argon af the Diocese of Little Rock and ! pray God that It may be an earnest champion of the cause af r/sht, Juotice and truth and an ardent defender af the religion we all love so well. 1 imtend ta It my blesslng with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS. Bishop of Little Rock. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be houdini through the Business Manager. and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST I]usiness and Editorial Office, 309 a/ West 2nd. Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus af Arkansas Paraganld Council, No. 1713 .......................... $12.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, Na. 2780 .............. 12.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ............................ 22.00 Fort Smith Council, No. 996 .................................... Z2.00 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ............................... IZ.O0 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 .................................. 17.00 Helena Council No. 1770 ..................................... 17.00 Texarkana Council No. 2650 ....................................... 17s00 APRIL 10, 1942 "It by liberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and detaining one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent-to exchange my liberty of abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused myselL "mFranklin. DRAFTING WOMEN There is much talk of general conscription of women. Is such a drastic step necessary when four million per. sons are still unemployed in this country? This is the number given by Father R. A. McGowan, assistant director of the NCCW Social Action Department. At least half of this num- ber, probably more, are men. Some of the jobless may not be in the best physical con- dition. Still most of them could do the work for which it is proposed to draft women. Even without a draft, large numbers of women, mostly single, are going into factories, offices, etc., to replace men entering the armed forces. Mothers should not be taken from their homes for de- fense work before all unemployed men, including Negroes, are working. This principle was endorsed by social workers who took part in a discussion on the war and family life at a regional meeting of the National Conference of Catholic Charities in Detroit. Spealers stressed great moral dangers which would result from conscription of mothers. The same point was made by the national directors of the Catholic Daughters of America who adopted a resolution opposing drafting of women at this time. " "Until the manpower of the nation is depleted," said the CDA directors, "we do not wish to lend support to tearing of our women from our nation's homes unless the need is grave." Until the nation's manpower becomes, inadequate for our defense needs there is no sound reason for such a drastic departure from our traditlona] policy and from Christian prac- tice as wholesale conscription of American womanhood.m Michigan Catholic. TO RELEASE BROWDER Earl Browder is in prison principally because he repre- sents a dangerous influence to this country's security. He was the moving spirit in a quasi political party, run chiefly by foreign financing, and with policies dictated from a foreign capital, which is avowedly committed to the overthrow of democratic government in America. He was sentenced to fine and im- prisonment for actual infraction of the passport law. He was not jailed for more serious offense, for the same reason that A1 Capone was sent to Alcatraz on the more easily secured conviction of income tax evasion. Communism is a serious menace to this nation at any time, but especially when the nation is at war. It has been proven and at]mitred that the Communist Party follows a "line," not only inspired but drawn by Moscow. Actions of Communists in this country before the break in the Stalin-Hitler pact, were aimed to sabotage sincere American patriotism and also pro- duction of Lend-Lease aid to nations fighting the dictator com- bine. When Russia joined the enemies of Hitler, not to save democracy but to save its, homes and firesides from invasion, Reds in this country clamored for war effort and withdrew from hampering efforts on war production. The shift was prompted by the desire to help Russia not to foster national unity in America. This country has committed itself to assist Russia to re- sist Hitler aggression. It is strictly a military alliance, with no thought of a let-down in our opposition to the Red propaganda or tactics in America. The Red Army in Russia is doing a grand job of fighting the common enemy. Its bravery and deter- mination earn our admiration, but by no means merit comfort to the Red auxiliaries in this country, fighting for the destruc- tion of our Christian principles of American democracy. The movement to have Browder released is a straw in the wind, showing how Communist cunning tries to use Ameri- can good-will toward the fighting men of Russia, as a means to further their nefarious purposes here. As usual, the trick is to win the favor of prominent people, not associated with Communism, through a cause from which Communist ideology can be disassociated' Many persons, more kindly in nature perhaps, than ac- customed to look for or discern the undercover tactics of Cam- THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 10, 1942 munists, may be drawn into the move to have Browder's sen- tence commuted. A little vigilance and discernment now may save them embarrassing moments later, when the Communist "line" may take a new turn which will lack the present sem- blance of humanitarianism. To explain the presence of Protestant Church editors and divines on the petition, one must presume an oversight of the Red ruse involved in the petition or a disregard of the Red tinge implied in their cooperation.---Evangelist. MORE UNITY NEEDED Officials in Washington are beginning to show concern over the discord which is casting its shadow over the war outlook. It is not a deep shadow. Public attention, unfortunate- ly, is more readily attracted by discord than by unity, by lack of achievement rather than by achievement. Accomplishment is taken as a matter of course but the failure to accomplish is immediately taken as a text for discussion. The result is a distorted picture of the war effort. Criticism is a democratic prerogative but many are begin- ning to feel that it may, in an emergency such as the present, be carried too far, that there is a point beyond which it ceases to be constructive and becomes destructive. Where the line should be drawn is a question that cannot be easily answered but it is being discussed. There is a feeling, too, that criticism is, in many cases, misdirected and attention is centered too much upon group grievance and too little upon group responsibility. Labor is suspicious of management and management mistrusts labor. Conservatives attribute sinister motives to so-called New Deal- ers and New Dealers denounce the conservatives. Even the farm spokesmen are none too friendly to industry. One group points out the lapses of another but says little about the other's accom- plishments. Isolated examples of abuses are taken as the rule and not as exceptions. Criticism and, to a eertaln extent, controversy are a by- product of democracy. They cannot be suppressed by fiat, as in the case of totalitarianism. Nevertheless, the necessity of stressing agreement and giving less attention to disagreement is becoming more pressing, observers say. Taking into account the difficulties that had to be faced the successes of the war effort have been little short of amazing. Industry, labor and agriculture have achieved wonders in producing munitions and equipment. Labor and management have worked hard and long together. Measured against what they have not done, what they have done justifies the conviction that democracy will win the war against absolutism. I /' .11. . .1 Catholic Information Society [ 00.amouc 00waence .o00ox. , Narberth, Pa. [ / How simple it is to travel to founded one true Church, which the town across the land! Simply because it is God's train, must be mak sure that you are on the perfect in itself and in its opera- right train and that you stay on it. Obey the simple rules of the road. That's all. You're sure tO get there. Engineers and train crews must know the intricacies of railroad- ing. Passengers can know them for their own benefit. But as trains are for everybody, he who knows but little gets there as surely and as comfortably, if he keeps on the train and adheres to its rules. Theologians and teachers must know the fine points of the God- builded road to Heaven. Laymen are encouraged to study these also. But as God's train must be for every man, so he who knows but little must get there just as surely and comfortably if he keeps on the train and obeys its commands. With simplicity of reasoning the Catholic is convinced that God tion. To insure this, the Catholic believes that God made His engi- neer, the Pope, infallible in the running of the locomotive -- that He divinely empowered t h e priests, His train crew, to direct, serve and feed' the passengers-- and hat therefore for the masses simple faith and simple obedience form the full-paid ticket from here to the heavenly depot. Just as a machine with many complex parts is the simplest in operation; so the complexities of the will of an Infinite God evolve into utmost simplicity of opera- tion for the man of Faith who harks to the words of the simple Jesus: "He that doth the will of My Father, Who is in heaven, he shall enter irate the kingdom of heaven." Words of Encouragement I--'n Disappointment. We do not realize how much Our Lord bore for us. The one thing He desired when He came into the world was to do good to souls. I_f we have one great ob- ject in life, and that object is thwarted, what a crushing sorrow it is. We expect so much of our fellowman and are disappointed when he fails to do what we ex- pect of him. And yet Our Lord was thwarted at every turn. His preaching was misunderstood: His miracles and cures He got no thanks for. The one thing He look- ed for, to gain love, failed' Him. Take Our Lord's day; it was one long string of disappointments. And how we grumble over our trifling, futile, little disappoint- ments. How ungenerous, how mean we are. HIs Point of View. When you think of your dis- appointments, compare them with Our Lord's. The way to be happy is \\; to look at things from His point of view. His efforts invariably met with failure. When He had ex- plained fully about His Body and Blood (John v. 1) we are told that "many of them ceased to walk with Him." What a sorrow for Him! Then it was that feeling crushed and worn out, He said to St. Peter: "Wilt thou also leave Me?" And St. Peter answered: "To whom, Lord, shall we go, for Thou hast the words of eternal life?" How Imperfect They Were! What a disappointment even the Apostles were. At the end even of the third year of His ministry how imperfect they were, how lit- tle credit they did Him. They had arrived at no greater understand- ing of Him than to think that He was to be the Founder of an earth- ly kingdom, and at no greater vir- tue than to be wrangling as to who were to have the best places. Why sadden the hearts of our fellowmen by the recital of our. griefs when they have quite too many of their own? Today's Parable Father Stedman, Confraternity of the precious Blood, Brooklyn, N. Y. LOOKING UP! A story my uncle used to tell of how, when he was a boy, he ran away to sea. There was a storm, and he was told to climb one of the vary high masts, to fix the sail at the top. He got up all right, but on the way down, he got dizzy and began to cry out hys- sterically to the mate below "I feel dizzy--I'm going to fall." The mate cried: "LOOK UP! FOR GOD'S SAKE STOP LOOKING DOWN!" The boy looked up, his dizzi- ness began to leave him. He kept looking up, and got down safely. That's good sense on any seaN the sea of life included. What about people who are tossed around' by trouble after trouble? They try to live good lives, perform their Christian duties, yet all they get out of it is poverty--or sickness or the death of one they love most. Yet they see others who live God- lessly, selfishly, good to no one but themselves, prosper. To view these inequalities from the material standpoint alone, is enough to confuse us, make us re- sentful, give us an unbalanced view, make us topple from our mast of upright living. Only by LOOKING UP! LOOK- ING TO GOD.; do the injustices and inequalities of this world straighten out, and keep our view of things true. If we do not see ETERNITY BALANCING T H E SCALES OF LIFE we are looking DOWN, our eye is off center, we are OFF BALANCE and we will FALL. The Arabians say that wisdom is made up of ten parts, nine of which is silence and the tenth brevity of speech. If we examine our lives, we will find we were oftener in grief as a result of our words than as a result of our silence. How many scandals would have died of exhaustion had the stream of words ceased to flow. QUESTION BOX Notice--It is important that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. How Can A Catholic Dispose Of Broken Religious Articles Such As Rosaries, Medals, Statues, Pictures? If the religious articles are not too badly damaged they may be repaired. If you do not wish to keep them yourself you could give them to a poor family who may not be able to obtain them otherwise. Blessed articles lose the indulgences attached to them when they are entirely destroyed. If the article breaks, as happns quite frequently with prayer-beads, they may be repaired and even the loss of a few beads does not destroy the identity of the object and the indul- gences remain. The Code of Canon Law recognizes only two ways in which blessed articles lose the indulgences attached to them-- total destruction and sale. If you do not care to have these articles repaired you can destroy them by burning them. By throwing them in the fire no irreverence is shown and certainly no sin is committed. * $ * What prayers are necessary for a s0ul In limbo? No prayers are necessary for a soul in limbo. They enjoy com- plete natural happiness. $ * $ What is the difference between cursing and swearing? Cursing impl.ies calling down some evil upon our neighbor or ourselves. It is an imprecation, often accompanied by profound oaths and blasphemy. Swearing means taking an oath: calling on God to witness the truth of a state- ment. '. $ $ What does the word Jesus mean? The word' Jesus means Saviour. It was given to our Lord because He was to save us from sin and hell. 'Thou shale call His name Jesus,' said the angel, 'for He shall save His people from their sins' (Mt. I:21): At the sound of this Name, says St. Paul, 'Every knee should bow, of those that are in Heaven, on earth, and under the earth' (Phil II:10); for, in the words of St. Luke, 'there is no other name given to men where- by we must be saved' (Acts IV: 12). With this in mind, many Catholics have the pious custom of bowing the head every time they hear or mention the Name of Jesus. They do it out of love and respect for His Holy Name. The largest society of laymen that we have in the Church in this country is the Holy Name Society, several million of men banded to- gether for the sole purpose of re- vering and keeping holy the holy Name of Jesus. Will you please tell me when the custom of announcing the mr- rlzge of people arose is the Church? Tiffs practice is called the pub- lication of the banns of marriage. It is more than a mere custom it is a law of the Church. From the beginning of Christian so- ciety the marriage of its members was looked upon as a pblic re- ligious act, subject to ecclesias- tical control. The obligation of making known to the bishop all proposed marriage dates as far back as the beginning of the sec- ond century and ceased only in the fifth and succeeding centuries, when owing to the development of the parochial system it became the duty of the parish priest to prevent invalid and illicit mar- riages. The publication in the church of the names of persons intending to marry seems to have originated in France about the end qf the twelfth century; it was al- ready a custom in the Gallican Church in 1215, when it was men- tioned by Pope Innocent III. In the same year the Fourth Coun- cil of the Lateran made it a gen- eral law. The Council of Trent confirmed this law and specified to a certain extent the manner of its execution. This is the law which we now observe at the pre- sent time. On entering a Catholic Church I noticed people taking holy water. Why is this? Holy water is placed at the doors of Catholic Churches to remind us of the waters of Baptism which once flowed over our foreheads, to signify that we are not worthy to enter into the Presence of Christ without purification, as to forgive us those venial sins for which we are sorry, as well as remitting the temporal punish- ment due to our sins according to the measure of our regret and con- trition. I do not know how you feel, but I know that I am not worthy to enter into the Pres- ence of God in a Catholic Church. When Moses approaching the burning bush, God said to him, "Come not hither. Put off the sandles from thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground." To Catholics it is a joy to be able to make straight .for the holy water font on enter- lng into the Presence of God in the Blessed Sacrament, and' to make use of those waters of puri- fication, asking God to make them a little more fit to appear before Him. $ * $ Do candles lose their blessing after a year? Once a candle is blessed it is always blessed. It may therefore be used over several years. How many uthorized transla- tions of the Bible are there? There is only one authorized Catholic Bible, and that is the Vulgate, or Latin translation of the Bible made by St. Jerome. The so-called Douay Bible is merely an English translation of the Vul- gate generally approved by the Bishops of English-speaking Cath- olic churches for their people. It is impossible to tell how many unapproved translations of the Bible are in existence throughout the world'. $ * $ Should one have a St. Chris- topher medal blessed before put- ting it in his automobile? It is recommended to have the medal blessed, because it is then a sacramental and you have the benefits of the blessings and' pray- ers of the Church, in addition fo the intercession and protection of the saint in return for the honor shown his representation and your public profession of faith and of your confidence in the power of Almighty God. Will our sins which have been forgiven be revealed to the whole world on the day of General Judg- ment? The Church has not defined whether or not sins forgiven in the Sacrament of Penance will be made known on the last day. It is the more common opinion of theologians that all sins will be made known on the Day of Judg- ment. This will bring no embar- rassment or shame to the elect. It will manifest the mercy of God and be a glory to the One who has repented through His grace and' has made ample satisfaction for all sins committed. TRANGE BUT rRu E Little-Known Facts for Catholics  II. . G w. a. mm s,r,: The Society The Of The Faith Chinese Funeral. The deeply religious the Chinese people is demonstrated in the symbolism of their nerals. Father Norbert O. F. M., Cap., S. T. D., for THE COWL, gives us hand account of the final paid to one of China's General Wu Pei-Fu: / "For several days after his the subject of c over town was the great funeral. The day burial was bitter cold. daunted, thousands of people the streets for hours to honor hero and see the coffin in splendor. About nine solemn march began principal streets. The sun behind the hills before cession reached the temple last rites! "All the pomp of Chinese custom was First came two floats on were placed enormous gods and heroes, who way and by their terrible chase the evil spirits. There entire contingents of diers with uniforms and men on horseback -- some generals, ottmrs hunters and horns. There were s of wild animals to hunt. thor as food or for whole paper procession voutly viewed by the all agreed that General fu would be well 1 the next life! "The ranks of the guests seemed endless. among them were bonze Buddhist nuns from dhist and Taoist and about Piping. Both the l and nuns wore white which resembles the our nuns. Each had a the side with beads as cherries., It is like our r is used in the same way. religious prayed the and gave the procesmon nitely religious and Father Kurzen story with the heartfelt Christ, through the of His Blessed Mother, the Chinese to the kin heart's love, so that people may adore the all peoples." If You Can't GO, Give. "If you can't go, give." gan, which is being use American Red Cross in it campaign to raise money war fund, is especially for the missions. As mere the ,apostolic Church we duty to spread and make the Catholic faith world. While it is most Catholics to do so bY engaging in missionary the foreign field, it is possible for us to coop contributing to The the Propagation of the the best of our ability. Did You Know That... During the last cannibalism was still missionary reported that ple of one place were so to their ruler that sent themselves to be served as food at his The first food Bible is bread? California has the ber of places of the United States? The natives of India hibition in the thirteenth when the Moslem ruler, din, passed a law use of intoxicating drugs? The law had to ed because smuggling of private stills became so Newman le2 West Calld One very good book rently been published Have Lived in Arcadia Belloc Lowndes. It is most entirely of letters and to the Belloe familY, corns Mrs. Lowndes' grandmother more than the author and gives ins picture of France in and seventies. Mrs. sister of Hilaire Belloc, coted person herself turning to biography lished many mystery "We Have Been go,her," by Raissa story of the author's life of her illustrious a little Jewess from Jacques Maritain at the in Paris when quote young. The gies, their talent natures to this one---searching for truth met Leon Bloy. His caused them both to groping and were into the Faith of the Church. "We Have Together" has been Julie Kernan. We should study our positions and actions there are not some us of which we are that call forth the action of which we are tims. Humility is not lamenting and sins. It is the contrasting with God, and thereby our own nothingness. Great men as a great talkers. More than insplrating influence is not by what they say they radiate.