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April 10, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 10, 1920. im Ba Persons of Note h the to :Holy at ttt ,A ,t' going to The zn is nly ) confessi, o go to is tit requently )US or ; duties quent o couple Ille aero went to reluctant an ove is weekly i I will dl re loyalty What atheran, O rth is th#J is: "Bor " (John y have l, lize validl ke child{ Ir ,Churc! n Protest ne free to! oyal in S{ ;y is due t ro ur COI 1L letter, bet )f that fr: l:ight. ,licity. Dr. Kinsman, it dear that his conversion was sudden affair some affect to  evident that what he calls de-Anglicanization and the processes" had been go- afar years, and that they were active during the three prior to his conversion. The of history in which he special- instrumental in bringing his abandonment of the Epis- for which he had a Ilk- strength(ned by his in Oxford and his submission to for which in the beginning no special attraction, and of his book will find many which will help to understand of the bond between the and the State in the early of Christianity. "Roman Cath- he writes, "combines the of Rimanism, the synonym of and of Catholicism belief in wide Church. In the sue- aspects of papal history, there as much of Julius Caesar as Peter. In theory the associa- Church and State was intend- spiritualize the State; as a of fact, the effect has too been to seculaxize the Church. J. M. A. Ma!oney, M. D. his interesting papers in on various phas4s of the question. His latest contribu- Policy Towards Ire- is well worth reading, for it re- a fog which has been obscur- ing the issue for a great many in this country and making it difficult for the Irish to get a fair hearing. Thomas R. Marshall Vice President of the United States has said many things to endear him to religious people, and his most re- cent public utterance is quite up to his previous ones. Classing the man who does not believe in God as a menace to the country, he proceeded to say: "We should remember the advice of Washington that a country cannot get along without morality, and we can- not have morality unless we have re- ',egion. A man is either religious or superstitious• For my part, I had rather believe in the living God than in the left hind foot of a graveyard rabbit." Another Error Pointed. The error of believing that Ameri- canism consists of speaking the lan- guage is made by many people, as- serted Gay. Alfred E. Smith. "Un- fortunately a great many of our ene- mies understand our language only too well," he added, "and use it with a finesse which indicates that they have studied it carefully so as to spread their false doctrines and yet shield themselves. The poor immi- grant who comes to America to es- cape oppression, and, whether he learns the language or not, works, lives in peace, raises his family and sends his children to the .schools, is just as good an American as a man who can point out a long and unbrok- en line of New England ancestry." Communications Republic An Accomplished Fact 1 tt rein t issue of the Guardian Mefl an editorial entitled "Sinn or Home Hule?" Having first ed that he had not sufficient in- into the situation to make him l Safe in handling so dehcate a J¢t, as the independence of Ire- d the editor goes on to state that Pein has done no good to ad in the past, and he was afraid it Would do no good in the future. L1 .a statement is an 'insult to the Igence of over three million nen, and almost twenty million • qe of Irish descent. I can ac- for the first part of the state- 1 Only by the fact •that the editor l ow=a admission, has .not suf- € insight intc tim Irish quest':on. eing the case, his credit stands when it was 6y English law decreed that one "Norman shall be in everi house in Ireland, and may violate, the wife, the daughter or sister of an Irishman." Let the dead past fade, even as an accuf'sed memory. Comes now the eventful year 1914. The Sinn Fein, activity, had then forced England's hand. h'eland was about to get Home Rule. You will understand, of course, that this was not the first time Ireland was about to get it, but it was the last. Had you asked an Irishman, prior to the year 1914, "when will you get Home Rule?" he would answer you, "Live horse, and you'll get grass." About the time that tim h'ishman's horse insisted on his grass, it dawned on the Kaiser, that the day trod come for him to play the trump, that Bis- marck said he would play at the wrong FULL TEXT PUBLICATION OF THE BISHOPS' PASTORAL EXPRESSES THEIR DELIBERATE THOUGHTS UP- ON THE PRESENT STATE OF RELIGION, UPON ITS NEEDS AND ITS ABUNDANT RESOURCES AND ITS SIGNIFIGANCE IN THE AFFAIRS OF MEN AND NATIONS. With this issue of The Guardian presents the fifth install- men( of the Bishops' Pastoral Letter in full text and shall con- tinue the same from week to week until this wholesome and timely letter becomes a part in the intelligence and the zeal of the G uardian.readers. MARY THE MO'I'HER OF CHRIST. What grace can ac('omplish in ]Iis creatures, (rot has shown in the person of her whom He chose to be His nlother, preserving her from all stain and endowing her with such pureness of heart that she is truly "full of grace"-and "bless- (,d among women." The unique privilege of Mary as co-oper- • :;: i: , ; , PAGE FIVI ii i H I Books of Interest By a charm vested in his personali- that of being true, The only critics ty, Father Duffy's "Story" appears in the A L A Booklist for the month of Mrch as one of the limited num- ber of books recommended for the month's purchase to all libraries large and small. Such a recommendation will greatl increase his readers who are already numerous enough to make the sale of his book quite flattering. It emTies the following note: "A walTn hearted account by its Catholic chaplain of the part played in the war by the American unit known variously as the 'fighting' or the Irish 69th__Joyce Kilmer's division." Father Duffy's accurate knowledge of his beved' 69th made him the logical successor as historian, when Joyce Kilmer fell in battle, and to the account which Father Duffy gives sting in the Incarnation, entitles her to reverence and honor; lint m the (.athohc mind t s low,= that prompts veneration for the Joyce Kilmer historical appendix the Mother of Christ. It is indeed beyond comprehension that is added• any who sincerely" love ,Jesus, should be eoht or indifferent in' rmsm,andIhc wheb°°k'' . b(R:tlid:th s" . hwUhT;: •. ;ndve regard to Ills ntother No honor that  e may pay her can ever t . g" • " , " . - - , ; I the book its own special favor of e(lual that which ..... (lad himself has conferred, and nmcn ross can , race." Father Dully'" modestly says it detract front rathe honor that is due to ] tim. ["My chronicle claims no merit save Inkeeping with her singular dignity is the power of Mary's intercession. If the prayers ,)f holy men avail to obtain thell Th e Church divine assistant(, the petition of Mary in our behalf must be[ of the South [ far more efficacious. With good reason, then, does the Church i LOUISIANA encourage the faithful to cultivate a tender devotion for the] Blessed Virgin. But if all generations call her blessed, and if! New Orleans. the peoples of earth should glory in her protection, we in the] Msgr. J. Francis Prim was invested United States have a particular duty to honor Mary Immacu-Iwith the insignia and title of Domes- tic Prelate to His Holiness, Pope late as the heavenly Patroness of our country. Let her blessed[ Benedict XV, in Mater Doloresa infhlence preserve our Catholic hollies t'rOlll all contagion of evil Church on Passion Sunday. His and keep our children in pureness of heart. Let us also pay her Grace, the Most Reverend Archbishop, the tribute of public honor in a way that will lead all our people officiated at the solemn investiture• 'to a fuller appreciation of Mary, tlmperfect wonlan and the A memorablesermon, "reviewing surpassing model of motherhood. As Poi)e Benedict has de- briefly the faithful work of Msgr. Prim for twenty-seven years in the clared, it is eminently fitting that the devotion of American Archdiocese, the high appreciation of atholics to the Mother of God should find expression in el of his labors by successive Arch-  r "   .r • t(mple worth3 of out" Ceh/stial Patron(ss. Ma5 the day soon lbishop.s ..... incidentally referring dawn when w( shall rejoice at the completion of so grand anita the joint pastoral letter of the undertaking; tar, as the italy Ii ather says ]n commending the l American Hier-chy, declaring 'the ...... , • , " • l ideas and principles as set forth in l)roect of the Natmnal Shrine at the Imntaculate Conceptlon,'this epoch.making document and ex- our human society has reached tliat stag(, in which it ta ads pressing the mind of the Catholic in most urgent need of the aid of Mary Imnmculate, no less'Church on present-day problems in than of the joint endeavors of all mankind." (letter to the the chaotic condition of the world ]t ierarchy, April 10, 1919). have elicited the cordial approval not CA'I'ltOLI(/EDUCATION. only of Catholics but of leading non- Catholics the countr.v, over and not- The nursery of Christian life is the Catholic home: its ably in Washington'" was preached str, mghold, the Catholic school. "In the great earning combat by the Rt. Rev. Cornelius Van de Ven, 1)etwe(,n truth and error, between Faith and Agnosticism, an Bishop o£ Alexandria. In the eve- important part of th(fray must be borne by the laity .... And ning the school children anti the con- il', in the olden clays of vassalage and serfdom, the Church hen-', gregation honored the Monsignor. ored every individual, no nmtter how humble his position, and Mr. B. J. Carbajal. a prominent lals)red to give him the enlightenment that wouhl qualify him ial estate man of New Orleans, died f)" hb-dmr res)onsibilities, nmch more now, in the era of pop-in the first week of March He was , , a at e of Spare, but came to Amen uhv" i,'hts and libertie,, uhen evcrx individual is an active ' '" "- ". • •   " , ca fdty-four years ago In 1877 he arid influential factor in the body pohhc, does she desn'e that ' . " • . was married to Miss Elizabeth Dun- all should I)e titled by suitable training for an intelligent and shine. Two sons are priests' in the consdcntious discharg, of the important duties that may de- Society( of Jesus. Rev. Facundo G. valve upon thcnl." Carbajal, S. J., the .cond eldest son, I had in mind while writing it were those who fought in France. If they say the pictures are trfie then l am content. The diary style has been deliberately chosen because it permits the introduction of incidents, and also lends itself to the telling of a plain unvarnished tale." "Indeed the objection could be made'! he adds, "from a literary point :of view, that the book bristles with :names. I could not write my story otherwise. I knew these men, and what they did, and my only regret is that I have undoubtedly overlooked some especially among replacements, whose names and deeds should be mentioned. Battles are not fought by commanding officers alone, not even by chaplains unaided; and the men who do the fighting usuay get little personal credit for their valor." Father Duffy remedies this defect, and in his "Story" he renders credit to whom credit is due. From the numerous names which appear it would seem as if the regiment as a whole contained only heroes. C. on Mamh 19th at Grand Forks, Brit- ish Columbia, Canada. He was or- dained seventeen years 'ago. Amarillo. Court Mary, Star of the Plains, is the title of the recently instituted eotrt at Amarillo of the National Order of the Daughters of Isabella. The degree corps from Wichita Falls had charge of the ceremonies under the perbonal direction of the State Regent. Sixty-eight candidates were received. The sermon on the power and the mission of womanhood was preached by the pastor, the Very Rev. Jos. R. Allard. G.F.X.S. AMERICANS" PRAISED N. C. W. C. Workers Win Commcnd- ation for Their Service. ___.y (Catholic Press Association) London, March 12.--The last of the American Catholic war workers are leaving Paris next month, much to the regret of French 'Catholics. The activities of the National Catholic War Council of America, not only for Americafi soldiers, but more especial- ly since the armistice in the devAstat- ed regions and also in the su)urbs of Paris and the large cities of Fance, have been most highly appreciated, the more especially that these quiet, capable and friendly ladies, in the horizon blue, have been for the French an antidote against the ob- noxious activities of the Y. M. C. A from England, who have forced their undesired and proselytizing atten- tions on the French peasant and on those :vho have suffered by the war. Ppery ground, and I would re- Iible sift# t him that it is written-- lit e silent alway% when You doubt r any sense ..... l 1Xlav b0fp lea tho sure win seeming d,f- .l;t_h.;e01jl, the editor ,aw vw[o ._ were an Irishman, he " t-"u knog, w that it was the Sinn Fein "' that wrung from Englanc, lilting, ,t uaintan .".k't,v out, la_Y,$]" ,er measure of freedom, that  r]ah People may be said to have :tient, °  • ,, during the latter days of lake a d0: ' "fit. to ofr " Fein is a Gelic expression, . y... 'i,'ag ourselves, for ourselves, Or u {u2, :e r words ireland for the Irish u ut , ,e, Does the editor know, that :ets for l?, 0ae tim • ",'1 e, and for a long time, no an eo l,cot? . uld be a lawyer, a physi- et t "..a cler nd pr   Tman---'that  he could can sta, t, fde::aethceh tnhoe a.d t t a colleg! Uue--- "g ¢:h aea, that he had nb right to I;  God, but m the manner and _..li, de and provided by English . 6o'8. oes the editor know that it "inq a. gItll thla Fein agitation that changed h In 1829 Sinn Fein wen Ilt_ maneipat!on. In 1883 it Day of' :'t= e  8.6h:: 'e "Ashburne Act," enabling a hqt at Proprietor to feel for the h;e; since the English occupa- at he was" not a mere chattel. aer the editor nor any of his ' £. has felt the 00ule of Eng- to t, a SOme of mine .have, and he 1, .lPreeiate what the spirit of cecil  ueen for the oppositi.on of Sinn nd dre..¢":: s England would have stamped n the o2' soul, the spirit, the manhood, Sou] i;laslt M!lect, the nationality of Irish- cad tt d wher#, tivelg 0-31)., e just t ms iii, hich la ,f souls on :] o o e  , of..,!! ' t.e Irishman has ever been .a Il' freer, and when I say a true , an, ' " \\; hY, i L I do not include the poven- o, no Views life only through r  ,e, and limps every time the I h tv England has lumbago. ietit_ e no desire, to keep alive ani- lteees. or to open Ul old_sores. I all d u looking forward. I have  Orth e sinister skeletons of laYS, only to show what the , )ein api t r Ire %1..,=' -'.  1 doae o ,,- ;' ei ,It. W.as o. far a .cry.,rom ""-:, ,ghtened times, to the days time. He played, and gave England an opportunity to .again break her promise to the Irish people. She said I cannot give you Home Rule now. I must wait until the war is over. Tim Irish people- began to realize that the leopard 'does not change its spots--that England was l stilUthe perfidious Albin of old. They had exphrienced seven hundred bitter years of English misrule. They had The tinMy warning contained in these words from the Pastoral lvetter of 1884, shows how clearly our predecessors. discerned the need, both l>rtsent and future, of Christian edu- cation. Their forecast has beeff verified. The combat which they predicte(l has swept around all the sources of thought, and has centered upon the school. There, especially, the in- tcv(,sts of morality and religion are at gtakh; and there, more than anywhere else, the futm:e of the nation is determined. For that reason, wc give hearty tlmnks to the Father of Lights grow tired of "watchful waiting,"] who has blessed' our Catholic selmols and made them to pros- Indiaf°r theYforcedhad underSeen thethofreeBritispeopleyoke• °fll per. V,e invoke His benediction upon the men and women who They had seen Egypt absorbed in the have consecrated their lives to the service of Christian educa- name of Liberty. They had seen the tion. They are wholesome examl)les of the self-frgetfulness Republic of the Boers added to the which is necessary ill time of peace no less'than in crisis and list of British dependencies• When-(danger. Through their singleness of purpose and their saeri- ever they had petitioned for a popular fl,"(, the Churelr expresses the truth that education is indeed a form of government, there was dinned into their ears "the blessings of English rule." They were told that it was a privilege to belong to the great British Empire on which the sun never sets. They wanted no more words, or phrases or promises. They wanted action, and they said to England: "The Anglo Saxon race may be all that you say, your mwhza- tion may have all the virtues that you claim for it, but w don't like your taking ways of spreading it. We gave you every chance to make your Anglo Saxon,rule popular in Ireland, and you have failed. We shall now help ourselves." On April 24, 1916, the manhood of Ireland proclaimed the Irish Republic, as a sovereign and independent state. They constituted a provisional government, to administer, the civil and military affairs of the Republic, until such time as a permanent and representative government could be elected by the vote of all the people of Ireland. On Deck.tuber 14, 1918, the people f Ireland voted for the complete eparation of Ireland frcm England. They established a permanent ,gov- ernment. They elected Eamon De Valets president of tlm Irish Repub- lic. They appointed and sent accred- ited agents to every free nation on earth, to assert and maintain the elalm of their Republic. The peop.le of'" 'Ireland have spoken. English holy work, not merely a service to the indixddual and society, but'a furtherance of God's adhering o the principles on which our schools are established. If our present situation is beset v.itt new problems, it i also rich in opportunity; and we are con fident that our teachers will exert themselves to the utmost in perfecting their work. Their united counsel in the, Catholic Educational Association has already produced many excellent results, and it justifies the hope that our schools may be or- t ganized into a systcnl that will combine the utilities of fre(, initiative with the power of unified action. With a common purpose so great and so holy to guide them, and with a growing sense of solidarity, our educators will recognize the advantage which concerted effort implies both for the Catholic system as a whole and tar each of. the allied institutions. (Continued Next Week.) rule will never again t)e recognized rule a people ago, ins( their will. She in Ireland. must either acknowledge the claims No doubt the editor meant well of the h'ish Republic, or wipe out the when he suggested forms of govern- Irish race. It makes no difference to merit that the Irish people might tT, an h'ishma4a, which she does. He had . but he does riot understand Irishmen. sooer die than be a slave. Only an h.ishman can. The Canadian The lines are now in his own hands form of government may have work- and he knows 4t. The world knows very well in Canada, and the Swiss that English le is now a joke in form in Switzerland, but that is no Ireland. England will see it in time, concer of the Irish people. They despite the old sffw to the contrary, know what they want. They are the ,An Englishman can see a joke when best judges, and they have What they he has chewed on it, and he will take want. The Irish Republic is an it in' good part, even if it is on him- establishe d fact. The Irish people do self," for whatever else an' English- ' not share the editor's fears for their man may be, no one ca! deny that he I future, they are not in the least dis- •is a, good sportsman. turbed. It looks very bright to them. What tan England do?" She oannot] Rev. E. J. Cussen. sang the Requiem Mass, and the I Complaints are continually reach- youngest son, the Rev. Joseph B. Car- i ing Catholic headquarters in Paris of bajal officiated at the services in•the movement of these agents; and Metairie cemeteT, they are doing great ha rn to the en- ...... tente between France and England. Sister Mary Clairel a devoted Poor crippled France, especially her young nun of the Dominican Order, [Catholics, have neither the means, (lied at the local convent during Pus- the energy nor the time to set up slon week• Sister Claire, known in the world as Miss Annie Phelan, wai born in Natchez, Miss., fwenty-seven years ago. Her nother, three bro- thers, aud a sister survive her. Lafayeite. rival organizations to the Y. M. C. A. The AmeriCans Were the only Cath- olic organization who could help; and they will be deeply missed. It is to be hoped that the N. C. Welfare Council, which is to take the place of the N. C. War Council will be able to In his mid-lent letter to his clergy continue the work of combating and and the•faithful, tile Rt.. Rev. i Protetant influences, which are ram- Jules B. Jeanmard, D. D. Bishop of pant just now, having emerged from the war with largely .increased funds. ' EXPENS!VE JUSTICE Cost 2,000 Pounds to Prove Bequests Lafayette, says that during the last twelve months eight new candidates, Louisiana boys, and seven other ap- plicants, already well advanced in their studies, have been received into the seminary, so the dioc;se now boasts of thirty-one candidates for the priesthood as against 6ighteen a year ago. At the same time he ap- peals for even a larger Easter collec- tion than that secured last year, in order that a reserve fund might bc established to found perpetual schol- arships. MISSISSIPPI Natehez, Very Rev. Father Hayden, Vicar General of the Diocese of Natchez, was solemnly invested on the anni- versary of his seventieth birthday with the title and insignia of Domestic Prelate to His Holiness, Pope Bene- dict XV, by his Bishop, the Rt. Rev. J. E. Gunn, D. D., Bishop of Natchez. The Rev. P. O'Reilly, a life long friend of the venerable dignitary, and pastor at Jackson,. preached the ser: man. Msgr. Haydeu has been stat- tloned at the Natchez Cathedral since 1800. TEXAS San Anelo. The Rev. Chas. C. Pelletier, who was chaplain at-St. Iohn's Sanitarium, San Angelo, from 191 ! to 1914, ded for Massek for Dead Are Legal (Catholic Press Association) London, March 12.---3usti'ce seems , to be about the most expensive com- modity going in these days of the high cost of living. Recently Cardinal Bourne and the Jesuits, joint plaintiffs in an action to prove the validity of bequests for Masses for the Dead, bequests which gave us some of our most beaut:iful ecclesiastical buildings in the Middle Ages, carried their ease to the House of Lords and rendered a great serv- ice to the Catholic comnmnity by eventually having it decided through this highest tribunal and once and for all that such bpquests are legal. The cost of obtaining this decision, how- ever, was nearly 2,000 pounrs. More th,n two thirds of this sum has been obtained, .the cardinal himself con- tributing generously toward it, but some hundreds of pounds remain to he f{ncl and His Eminence appeals to the religious communities, who are likely to benefit greatly by the ver- dict, to find the remainder of its cost. ORDER ANY BOOKBOOKERY " WILL GET IT FOR YOU, 309 West Second St., Little Rock, .+ l i