Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 10, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
PAGE 1     (1 of 8 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
PAGE 1     (1 of 8 available)        PREVIOUS     NEXT      Full Size Image
April 10, 1920

Newspaper Archive of Arkansas Catholic produced by SmallTownPapers, Inc.
Website © 2020. All content copyrighted. Copyright Information.     Terms Of Use.     Request Content Removal.

$ more d than that Catholic papers and so that every one may OVerT day good reading which warns, and trengthcns Pmotes the Chrlstia virtues. I -BENEDICTUS, PP.. XV, A Catholic.Paper Is a: Pe'petual Mission-- ,. -Pope Leo 4KIll "The Guardlan" in every home--our Motto. The Official Organ of the Diocese o Little Rock, Arkansas Little Rock. Arkansas, Saturday, April 10, 1920 Number 43 LELUIAI ALLEL[rIAI CATHOLIC WOMAN HEA1}S U. S. A. WORK EASTER AT CATHEDRhL Secretary Baker Appoints Mrs. Cas- serly as Director of Woman's Re- WEEK AND EASTER CEREMONIES FULLY OUT IN PONTIFICAL SERVICES AT ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL BY BISHOP, AND SEMINARIANS. MORRIS PREACHES ON RESURRECTION Hppe of Christ's Resurrection Should Prove Anchorage to Catholics in These Days of Confusion, Catholic Principles and Philoso- Are Fixed. lling on Wednesday evening s of the Passiontide with the chanting of the Tenebrae, which an evening devotion on and Friday nights. Rt. Morris lead the office on evenings assisted by the and college priests and the attached to the diocesan St. John's. Each year congregations to St. for this mourn- of the biblical lamentatmns. psalms and lessons and attendants quite filled the Thursday Ceremony morning was celc- Solemn Pontifical Mass, the Holy Oils were con- I-lis Lordship, assisted by and seminarians. Mass, in procession the was carried from altar to "the repository on of the Church, which decorated by the isters of the Cathedral. and laces ,cut and and with myriad attractive designs. the day the repository by hundreds who spent and hours of pious Friday Office. Lordship on the throne, Fathers McDermott the Mass of the Pre- Was offered by Rev. Father celebrant, Fathers Keany S. B., as deacon and sub- the chanting of the Pus- Dr. Stocker, O. S. B., and Father Wemke. and Prophecies were seminarian choir. Ven- Cross, which in St. a special mark in as cross employed in the ceremony contains a relic upon which died the World. Thousands' dur- and evening devoutly emblem significant of their the ransom from the their sins. 1. Wernke, of the Cathed- eloquently after he of the Passion of Christ and the lessons a Proud and sinful world. Saturday. morning began the the first fire, the Easter waters, the Paschal five grains of incense. was celebrated by A. Stocker, O. S. B. Prior Abbey, assisted by as deacon, Fr. Garrity The Rt. Rev. Bishop on Fro. Fisher and Smith The "Exultet" was Wernke. he en- ceremonies were Doctor W. H. Aretz the Little Rock Sunday. note of the was that of the weather. Its severity number of cs from the of St:" Andrews nd participatiop in its joy- This Year probably largest the Masses, and at the Pen- the full seating capacity I the limitations ] ass stabled for I ! of the Catho- [ and a' Ii the Rt. Reg. Bishop J  " / Morris, with crozier in hand and vested in pre-ceremonials, was escort- ed from the Bishop's House on Louis- iana St., to the Cathedral by the of- ficers of the Mass, local clergy and seminarians. Reaching the sanctu- ary, after kneeling before the high altar, His Lordship was robed in the full Pontificals for celebrating the Alleluia Mass of Easter. When he came the throne he chanted the Introit, fol- lowing it with the "Gloria in Ex- celsis" tidings. After the Gospel, His Lordship, from his throne, preached on the significance of the Easter festival, the faith and the hope of the Catholic pegple, in very fact the faith and the hope of a world calling itself Christian. Bishop Morris Preaches. His Lordship said in part: "The world is accustomed to view the life of Christ from the scene of Good Friday rather than the scene of Easter' Sunday. "After the Passion worldlings felt that the mission of Christ and His claims have been a failure and so far many who view things from v. rational standpoint, Christ remained a stumb- ling block and foolishness. Reasonable Minds Satisfied. "Our otlook is rather from the standpoint of Easter when Christ by His Resurrection gave the most strik- ing proof of'His Divinity and the Di- vinity of His mission. We acknow-] ledge that there are many difficulties and many mysteries assbciated, with I the life of Christ, but we also hold that the proof is sufficient for any reasonable mind. We are glad of our privilege of believing without seeing and we do not rashly ask our Lord to give visi- I ble proofs which He deigned on the doubting Thomas. God's Ways Not Our Ways. "We feel that the human mind has its limitation and that nothing is more unreasonable than for a human being to aspire to familiarity with all the councils of God. We rest reverently in the thought that His wa:s are not our ways, that what He says is true because He is essential Truth and cannot deceive Himself or us. Duty of Catholics. '"Our duty is to remain loyal and faithful and our faith in Him is suf- ficient assurance that He will fulfill all His promises. "God does not want us to know and has not given us power to know all that rests in His eternal omniscience. "This is the Catholic view and this is the basis of unquestioning Catholic faith. Faith and Hope In Risen Christ "On this great central feast of our religion our attitude should be that of humble gratitude. The faith and hope that the resurrection gives us, should prove a splendid anchorage to Catholics in these days of riotous confusion. Clanor of Opinions and Claims "We shall be prudent and wise if we keep Catholic principles before us amid the clamor of opinions and claims that are being set forth bythe self-constituted religionists, moralists and politicians of our time. "Our Catholic instinct will preserve us if we follow faithfully the guid- ance of the Church which is the cus- todian of Christ's promises and the sacred repository of His Truth. "Our security rests in believing what God has tatght. Our faith is one of absolute certainty not moral certainty aloae. Catholic Philosophy Is Fixed "Our philosophy is fixed for us. Our way of looking at things is the good old Catholic way and our posi- tion is the only one that will save us (Continued on Page 6.) i .,1 lations of the United States Army. (C. P. A. Service to The Guardian) Washington, March 25.--The Sec- retary of War has advised all Depart- ment Commanders of the appoint- ment of Mrs. John B. Casserly, of San Francisco, a leader in Catholic wel- fare activity, as Director of Women's Relations of the United States Army. The appointments represents the in- auguration of a new policy ,by the War Department in the management of social relations, the nature of which is indicated in the following letter from Secretary Baker to Mrs. Casserly: "My Dear Mrs. Casserly: I am very glad to know that you have accepted the appointment as Di- rector of Wnmen's Relations for the United States Army. I feel that the Army is most fortunate to secure your co-operation in the many things that it hopes to do in a broad way  for our country. I conceive yodr duties to group themselves under about these general heads: (a) To supervise the employment, operations, and conduct of the women employed by the arnw for duty in the Service Clubs and as hostesses, and to advise the War Department con- cerning these matters. (b) To prOmote co-operation be- tween the United States Army and the women of the country, and to ad- vise the War Department upon this subject. (c) To advise the War Department concerning the working conditions, comfort, welfare and morale of the women employed by tha Army. (d) To advise the War Department concerning the relations between the personnel of the Army and the wom- en of the country. I have directed that the matter of Women's Relations be placed under the supervision of the Director of the War Plans Divisions of the General Staff, Major General W. G. Hash, with whom you are already acquaint- ed. Will you please report to Gen- eral Haan for duty. He will assign you to that branch of his division under which your work will properly come. I am confident that your fine ideals, breath, of vision, and wealth of experience in social welfare work will bring in the Army that assistance which it needs in the great work which it hopes to do in increasing the natural relation and co-operation between the army and the common life of the country which must exist if the Army is to be a real part of the Nation. I hope that you will from time to time, give me personally the benefit of hearing from you concerning those things that you believe the Army should do to increase ,its service to the people." ANTON LANG. Gives Some Interesting News About Actors of Passion Play. (Catholic Press Association.) London.--Anton Lang, writing to a British friend from Oberammergau, gives some interesting news of the performers, who enact the Passion Play of that Bavarian village. It will be remembered Mr. Lung was the Christ of the play in 1910, and that the decade is past, and this is the year for the reproduction of the play. Lung states that he has never been to the war at aUhe was. several times reported killed--and that his family now numbers six instead of three children. The Judas of three successive plays, Zwink, is dead; and so is the Lazarus of 1910. The vil- lagers of Oberammergau find it dif- ficult to get enough to eat There will be no play his year, but it is hoped to have the play, as usual next year. The reason for the post- ponement is that it is impossible to get certain properties, etc., whlch are necessary for the perfolmance; also the players probably think that by next year people are more likely to have mffficiently forgotten thngs to make the journey' in their thousands once more; and conditions will be more favorable to the reception of tourists. CATHODIC POLICEMEN RECEIVE COMMUNION 2,800 ht Uniform March to St. Pat- rick's Cathedral. Held As "Finest" of the World. A beautiful and inspiring evidence of the piety and religious devotion of the Catholic members of the Police Department of the City bf New York was Iiveu on last Sunday morning when 2,800 stalwart policemen in uniform marched into Mass and ev- ery one of them received Our Lord in the Blessed Sacrament of the Eucharist. The occasion was the an- nual Communion Mass of the Police Department Holy Name Society. His Grace the Most Rev. Archbishop Patrick J. Hayes celebrated the Mass, and, assisted by Monsignor Lavelle and seven other priests, gave Holy Communion to the men. All during the Mass the men approached the Holy Table. These 2,800 men, part of a force of 10,000, upon whom so largely de- pend the peace and safety of millions of men, women and children, and the security of billions of dollars worth of property, constitute physically per- haps the finest body of men in the entire world. Their heroic devotion to duty and their bravery in every emergency are known and admired everywhere. Almost every Catholic man of "the force not actually on duty was present at the Cathedral last Spnday morning. The scene was one that will not soon be forgotten by anyone present. It was truly a wonderful aml inspiring demonstra- tion of the religious zeal and earnest- ness of the Catholic members of New York Police Department. After Mass, a breakfast was serv- edein Cathderal Hall, attended by Archbishop Hayes who said in answer to a toast: Wrhe City of New York," said the Archbishop is singularly blessed in having such men as you guardians of its day and sentinels of its night. To behold nearly 3,000 police officers as- sembled for divine worship and ap- proaching the Holy Table of the Lord is indeed most solemnly impressive and inspiring to angels and men. "Surely law and order in our great metropolis must b'e the beneficiary of the renewed consecration and the abiding benediction you men bring to your duties after this morning. God bless and keep you! May He walk with you in the strenuous toil of the day and, above all, during the long, dark watches of the" night!" ONLY BARRIER TO BOLSHEVISM Poland's Army Holds Fate of Europe With American Help a Necessity. ADMIRAL BENSON U. S, NAVY HONORED'BY POPE BENEDICT DECORATION OF THE ORDER OF ST. GREGORY THE GREAT TO BE CONFERRED ON HIM BY CARDINAL GIBBONS IN BALTIMORE CA- THEDRAL ON APRIL 11. EXEMPLAR OF PIETY AND CHRISTIAN VIRTUE First American to Receive Highest Military Degree of Knighthood--Fellow Officers and Government Of- ' ficials Will Be Present at the Ceremony of In- vestiture. The ceremony of conferring upon Admiral William Shepherd Benson, chairman of the United States Ship- ping Board, the decoration of the Or- der of St. Gregory the Great, of which he has been made a Knight of the Grand Cross by Pope Benedict XV, will take place in the Baltimore Cathedral on, Sunday, April llth. Admira.l Benson is the first American to receive this hghest degree of knighthood in the military division of the Order of St. Gregory the Great. Cardinal Gibbons will officiate at the ceremony of investiture. It is ex- pected that in addition to several members of the Catholic hierarchy and nuw;erous lesser dignitaries, there will be present many of Admiral Ben-. son's fellow officers of the Navy, and important, officials of the various Government departments ,in Wash- ington. Pope Benedict, in #his brief bestow- ing the honor of the Gregorian knighthood on Admiral Benson, ex: plains that itHs granted as a recogni- tion of the latter's having set for his fellow citizens "a most worthy ex- ample of piety and Christian virtue." Admiral Re, son's appointment was made, at the suggestion of Cardinal Gibbons. The decorations which Admiral Benson will be entitled to wear as a Knight of the Grand Cross of the Order consists of a silver medal and an octagonal gold cross bearing on a field of red the image of St. Gregory the Great. The silver medal is worn on the left breast. The gold cross is attached to a red silk ribbon edged with yellow. There is a special uni- for for Knights of the Order, but this seldom worn. The Order of St. Gregory the Great was foqnded by Pope Gregory XVI on September 1, 1831. Knight- hood in the Order was intended by the Pope as a reward for the civil and military virtues of Catholics upon whom it was conferred. The Order was placed under the patronage of Pope (Saint) Gregory L-the same that sent St. Augustine to Christian- ize the English. Admiral Benson's services during (C. P. A. Service to The Guardian) Poland's army, as Herbert Hoover has said, constitutes the only barrier against the Bolshevist flood, and the fate of Europe hangs upon it. In spite of the struggles they have un- dergone, the Polish people have made fare against Germany on the seas. no compromise with Bolshevism.  These plans contemplated not ony of- They are eager to work and re-estab-I fensive and defensive operations, but lish the country on a sound economic/also the protection of transports on basis. They look to America to aid]their way to Europe with troops and them in sustaining themselves, in the supplies for the American and Allied the war and since have been of the most important character. As Chief of Naval Operations he was responsi- ble for the execution of the United States Government's plans for war- armies. He was stationed in Paris during nearly all the sessions of the Peace Conference. It is taken for gnted that Admiral Benson's notable success as Chief of Naval Operations prompted President Wilson to put him at the head of the Government's merchant manne." ' As chairman of the United States Shipping Board, Admiral Benson has the official care of 1800 vessels, more than $3,000,000,000 worth of property, and several thousand eraployes. These 1800 ships constitute the largest merchant fleet ever placed under the direction of a single operator. They are sailing in all the waters of both hemispheres. The operation of this vast fleet is but a part of the task which Admiral Benson has undertaken. The vessels already built and delivered to the Bord represent 10,0.00,000 dead- weight tons of shipping. Thei-e are under construction 475 additiongl ships of an aggregate . of 8,000,000 deadweight tons. Admiral Benson 'is expected to complete this program of construction. More than $800,000,000 .worth of surplus material remain to be dis- present crisis, not as a matter off charity but as a loan in payment which they pledge their resources. "When Poland plants her entire area," Mr. Hoover told the Ways and Means Committee of the House of Representatives, "she will become a food-exporting country. Any food- exporting country is economically sound. It is for this reason that I have full confidence that Poland will repay these credits." EVERY INCH A QUEEN Victoria of Spain Shows Humble Piety In Presence of the Blessed Sacra- ment. Like a story from the Ages of Faith comes this press dispatch from lVIadrid last week: While Queen Vic- toria was driving-through thee city yesterday she met a priest who was on foot to give the last sacra- ment to a dying workingman. When she learned of his mission her majes- ty alighted and insisted that he use her carriage. The priest agreed and the Queen followed on foo't to the house of the dying man, where she remained durfiag the ceremony. posed "of by the Board. Admiral Bensofi will have chgi'ge of the dis- position of this property and also of %000 permanent dwellings, nearly 1,000 honsekoepingapartments, 102 stores, 94 d0rmitbries, five hotels and six boarding houses;" numerous small marine railways,' yards and ware- houses. - If Congress detemines that the Government shall withdraw from the bnsin.ess of ,bu!lding, ,owning and op- e , , . , rating ships, this. investment of bil- lions Wil| have to he salvaged on the best " ' " possible te:ms. This will be the most difficult work Admiral Benson has in prospect. Big jobs are not noselties to Ad- miral Benson. As Chief of Opera- tions for the Navy during the eight- teen months of war with Germany he had what is regarded as one gf the most important and trying positions under the Government. Even before that Lhe had meh executive and ad- ministrative experience--first, and in a relatively Sfimller way, as com- mander of several different dread- naughts, and subsequently command- ant of the Philadelphia Navy Yard and supervisor of the third, fourth and fifth naval districts, from August 1913, until his assignment to duty as chief of operations in April, 1915. He was then promoted to the rank of Rear Admiral. This rank was later changed to that of Admiral--August 29, 1@16. In the latter part of 1917, Admiral Benson was assigned to temporary duty abroad, and was stationed in London. He returu'ed to the United States but wasagain sent to Europe, this time to Paris. He remained there on special duty from October 15, 1918, until June lli: 1919. Admiral Benson was born in Bibb county, Georgta September 25, 1855. He was appointed as a cadet mid- shipman to the Naval Academy on September 23, 1872, and was gradu- ated June 20, 1877; He was ap- pointed ensign July 27, 1881; lieuten- art (junior grade) 1888; ,' lieutenant commander, 1900; commander 1905; and captain, 1909. " ROMAN NEWS France and Vatican. (C. P. A. Cable to The Guardian) Rome, MArch 27.It seems certain no; 'that the .resumption of diplo- matic relations between France and the Holy See is imminent. Monsieur Doulcet, lrancs preliminary mes- s.ng0r, to consult with Papal Secre- tary of State Gasparri, arrived last Wdnesday; and that is a practical guarantee: that an ambassador will follow. What does not seem certain, however, is the quantity and quality of reciprocity. The Question. Will, Fance carry out the "resump- tion of relations by receiving a nuncio at Paris and treating Catholic inter- ests with the same spirit of generosi- ty, which,the Holy See has shown toward France? is the question. French Catholics Optimistic French Catholic circles here are optimistic in declaring that the re- sumption of relations will be carried out ,qin a grand manner." Miller- and's latest speech, ;however, shows considerable reserve upon every side of the question except that of the French political interests. The Gov- ernment evidently has the backing of the mass of French public opinion in restoring  relations; and, even if there is a reservation from full re- ciprocity, owing to a remnant of anti-clerical feeling - among certain .FrenCh politicians,, that does not de- tract fom the greatness of the event of the return of France to Rome.