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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 9, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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April 9, 1943

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, APRIL 9, 1943 L I i I I ii m i THL ITA''IA' the coward tocome out inthe open and attack a really big .....  1 9llr'rll _rE3 ,, =--- #--##--------- i..m_JL.m.. jw. a.j .......j._m__..._ fellow,"hecontinuestoskulkin thebrush, dartingout nowand  t [ r]') c" T[, T r}t V  I\\;UI Ul T THE CATIPIBLLCISgSgLWIKk SOCIETY then with a slanderous sticker, or a nasty pamphlet and then ! . ,] '40 I 1 JP J / D .,J A   I I I e " / lm, Ol the DIocea. ., Ll,tla noah, Ark,.sa. he shthers off. t - LCfrnC)IIC |iv S09Vg WEST SECOND STREET W ; .... ;L d_ L"  wT r . '  Notice--It is important that all questions be stgnsd with the sender's  M| | |%.J||qt | " .,. o ..,tn Us again, tne niger, ile IS again reeolng on  namL-ETE address (not initials): otherwise the questions will Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, a the post office at confu:on  t , ....... ;. : .......  ' .-1 t .-1"  not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for  . . a_ Little Rock Arkansas under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879.  , ........ , ..... s . .,., ,, ,,e ,,lsun,ersanmg  private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope.  f "   m j. | ] among neighbors rather than on the friendliness among neigh-  Wc invite only honest and worthwhile quest,ont.  ,,tJl I l I l I I l I t7:f SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year -- -- - ash bore. He may be a king in his own little wormy world but he of the ash The Cnardfon is th?FICr2CfS glaaac: a' Litth Rock a,dl is a nusiance in everyone else's world. He jabs at the little How Can A Person Be Gudty Of ....,k pray God that it may he on earncet ahamplou of the cause of right, Justice hurts of all about him, hoping to aggravate them into serious  o, ,r-x l, ,r  OUU I I I i and truth and an ardent defemder ot the religion we all love so well ....... . t .......... X .ln |  [ ImlqIo 4) $" L.. lly inrec[lons r3e spreaas inrec[lon Dy means or a vlrus WnlCn ,,.,-d  ,uw .e uv I extend to it my blessfnS with the sincere hope that lee treer may be n a , u , __lcel long and prosperous, is almost impossible to filter out of social life A person can be guilty of a sin of omission by failure to do some- Key. ,qmmony Lacno Wef JOHN R. MORRIS, xvz , ....... r ....... ", , , , thing which he can and ought to do: if this happens knowingly and C. -. p. :col ' Bishop of Little RatiO. We like 1:O 1:nmg or rresloent -norew jonnson, wno na freely, a sin is committed. ' (General Diocesan" Ciuflll an en,aement to address a meeting, of bit, eta in another day Moralists took paros formerly to show that the reaction implied ............. s .............. :" -tn should reaoh , un th sp ake s platform, laid his pistol on The degree of guilt incurred by an omission is measured by the --:./:-:/..,tl ] tuslness manager, ana all maers mtenueu ior pun .... / . . r .. l " - " " ...... " i " - "h a i'ud " "- r " "o -i - " l o. vvc well .,._ The Guardian offJce not later then Tuesday at noon tee table oerore nim ann spoke these woras: oigmty oi me v r1:ue ann t e m gn  e o me p ecep t wn ca me --.-' -TJ'- "' ...... .::': | re] attle il-' omission is opposed, as well as by REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST ' '?It is proper when free men assemble for the discussion of the amount of deliberation. In In time of war is it pennis= Business and Editorial Office. 809% West 2nd, Tfllephone 6486 important public interests that everything should be done de- general, according to St. Thomas, slble to carry on lr raids in which " the sin of omission, consisting as innocent people are almost sure SPONSORS OF SERVICE cently and in orde'c. I have been informed that part of the it does in the leaving out of good, to be killed? Picture Servlce--gnlghte nf Columhue of )'kaneae Paraould Cnuncil, No. 171S ..................... 812.00 Fort Smith Coundl, No. 99S .................... 22.00 business to be transacted is the assassination of the individual is less grievous than a sin of cam- The war itself must be permis- uttle Rack Council, No, 812 ......... who now has the honor of addressing you.., therefore, if any taking up with evil. There are, war. Briefly the conditions of bought up, that was butC ( and burned, the little pigsl were killed off, the cotton th$!l : ploughed under; the vegetabl  food stuffs that were destti  We called this control. Eithea n 22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 244S 17.00 Blythevtlle-OeceoIa, CounciL, No. 2857 .................... 12.00 Texarkana Council No, 26S0, 17.00 Pine Bluff Council, No. 1153 .............................. 22.00 Stuttgwt-Slovactown Council, No. 27S0 .... 12.00 Joneshoro Council, No. 1702 ......................... 12.00 APRIL 9, 1943 "It by liberty o the press, we understand merely the liberty ot discussing the propriety ot public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but it it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and detaining one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others for the privilege ot not being abused myselt."--Franklin. man has come here tonight for the purpose indicated, I do not say to him, let him speak, but let him shoot l" If the bigot can see anyttling clearly he must see how fully that answers him. What folly it is to fight international bandits to guarantee freedom while the bigot uses a gun from ambush against his neighbors. That is not the American way. Let the bigot come out in the open and tell us, with the best proofs he has, WHO HAS DONE WHAT. That is the Ameri- can waylCleveland Universe-Bulletin. "Political Priests" By Rev. Richard Ginder How often did Hitler raise the cry? We lost track somewhere around 1939. When he began hounding the Jews, "Political Priests" mendabh and highly meritorious. With the generous dispensation from Lenten fast and abstinence, afforded the people of this Diocese through the kindly concern of a fatherly Bishop, little is left in the matter of corporal mortification, save the acceptance of rationed lux- uries and necessities in the Catholic spirit of self-denial. Re- strictions on diet, minus irking and grumbling, are tantamount to Lenten fast and abstinence, if the intention is raised to a supernatural plane, There ia big play for recalling and putting into practice the oft-repeated admonition of a pious mother in childhood days, when disappointment or discipline would rob childish wilfullness of its whim"offer it up" Tagging with the spirit- ual label of sacrifice for God's honor and our country's welfare, our daily inconvenience with ration-points and meatless butcher- shops, will not be counterfeiting. The OPA might well be ac- ceptable as a fair substitute for a hair shirt. Catholics who accept the easements and privileges of war- time Lent, wilhout replacements and compensations can hardly escape the charge of spiritual chisellers, at least in the self-ac- cusation of honest examirlation of conscience. Churches ought to be jammed to capacity for this year's Lenten devotions. Besides attendance in lieu of dispensed Lenten regulations, reasons abound for seeking solace and Di- vine favor in increased public as well as private intercession. Anxiety for absent ones needing the safeguards of God's might and mercy and the overwhelming desire of everyone to see the world restored to peace, alone are compelling motives to bring all believers to their knees. Men's shoulders would be bent less to bear the burdens of war, if their heads were bowed more of- ten in prayer to the Prince of Peace. . - raised an outcry. When he made it hard, if not impossible, for the " OFFER IT" IJP youth of Germany to get to Mass, much less to receive systematic Catholic training, "Political Priests" denounced him from their pul- pits. When the Lutheran Pastor Niemoller was flung into a concen- To make virtue of necessity renders the necessity more, tration camp, "Political Priests" called for the prayers of their con- example by making a profound and the virtue none the less acceptable. To turn the privations gregations. When lechery was en- study of economics. Again, the so- of wartime into a Lenten penance is not only possible but corn- eouraged and illegitimacy was cOal and financial independence of legitimized, Political Priests the priest together with his pro- clarified the law of God for their fessional training fit him for WHY NOT USE EMINENT GERMANS? Friedrich Wilhelm Foerster is the greatest of German edu- cators. Hehas been world famous for half a century. All edu- cators are familiar with him. One of the best of recent his- tories of education by an eminent Louvain scholar devotes three or four chapters to Foerster alone. Foerster recently was in New York and in want. Incidentally Forester is not a Catholic. He is a Prussian born in Berlin and a member of a famous Prussian family of scholars. Herman Rauschning, intimate of Hitler and great author- :ity on him and Naziism, is also a Prussian and a Protestant. He is a scholar and a gentleman. He is in this country. Otto Strasser is another eminent German of an illustrious Bavarian family. The Archduke Otto, head of the House of Hapsburg, is also in this country. He is the head of the most ancient and it/ustrious royal and imperial line on earth. His prestige in the Germanies is immense. Add to these eminent names those of Prince Hubertus zu Loewenstein and Prince van Stahremberg, head of the'great and historic Austrian house of that name. On our side, Prince Hubertua has a fine article in the cur- rent Atlantic. All these eminent Germans have great powers of expres- sion. They are all fiercely anti-Nazi. They are all in straitened circumstances, Why not use then? They are the real leaders of the Ger- man people The German people will follow their natural leaders and reject the criminals that have usurped control over Germany,The Witness. WHO HAS DONE WHAT When there is a great emotional strain on a people as there is today, a number of the less stable begin to look about for a sacrificial offering that they may lay the blame for their dis- people. Has a priest, then, the right to criticize a law or state policy? He certainly has! If he goes against the law of God, then he not only may but he must instruct his con- gregation on the fact and use his influence to have the offensive law withdrawn, the odious policy suspended. It is not then a ques- tion of policies; it is a matter in- volving religion, the proper pro- vince of all spiritual leaders. But how can a priest step into economics and questions of labor relationship?  Because these thingsa living wage and the fail: distribution of profits are closely involved with justice and man's welfare. After all, you just can't expect a hurigry congregation to take much interest in things spirit- ual... Our Holy  athers, Leo XIII and Plus XI, set their clergy an What the Man-God Says About How to Be Saved If thou wilt enter into life, keep the commandments... If you love me, keep, my commandments... If anyone love me, he will keep my word, and my Father will love him, and we will come to him and make our abode with him... Not everyone who says to me, "Lord, Lord," shall enter the kingdom of heaven, but he who does the will of my Father in heaven shall enter the kingdom of heaven . . . He who believes and is baptized shall be saved, but he who does not believe shall be con- demned. (Excerpts taken from the fol- lowing passages of the Revised New Testament: Matt. 19:18; John 14:15,23; Matt. 7:21; Mark, 16:16. Prepared by the Roy. Dr. Joseph L. Lilly, C.M., Secretary, Catholic Biblical Association.) "A recent survey revealed that only one-third of the children in the New York public schools had ever heard of the Ten Command- ments and that one-fourth of the youths of this country had never been inside a church. Comment is superfluous." "Divorce is not wrong because the Church says it is wrong The Church says it is wrong'b'e" cause it is a violation of the na- tural law, which binds all men. There is not one God for Catholics and another for Hottentots." Msgr. Fulton J. Sheen. "Unless our peopie are thorough- ly instructed in the great truths of religion, they are not fitted to understand our institutions, or to provide them with adequate sup- port."Calvin Coolidge. Prayer To Obtain a Special Favor Remember, O glorious and Good Saint Anne, that never was it known that anyone who fled to they protection, implored Shy help and sought Shy intercession, was left unaided. Inspired by this confidence, be- hold, I cast myself at thy feet, and beseech thee, by Shy great prero- gative of being th e Mother of the Queen of Heaven and the Grand- mother of Jesus, come to my aid with thy powerful intercession, and obtain from Almighty God through the ever Blessed Virgin Mary, this special favor which I beK, of thee ..... lase not to intercede for me until, through Divine Mercy, my request may be granted. Above all, obtain for me the grace one day to behold my God face to speculation in economics; his known impartiality and the re- spect felt toward him by the community make him a favorite intermedium in quarrels between capital and labor. In all these matters, remember that the priest is, above all, a shepherd to his people. In more than one place in the Gospels, Our Lord sets Himsel[ up as a model for pastors, who are to lead their sheep to places of green pasture and streams of clear water. In our Church, every congrega- tion has its shepherd, or pastor; the bishop is shepherd over a number of pastors; and our Holy Father is Chief Shepherd and Pas- tor of all bishops and priests. Everything involving the people of God and their welfare--spiritual, first, but temporal, as well--falls within their province. ) What Do You | Think? | A very nice letter ended up, "All of us (13) enjoy and ap, preciate The Guardian very much. say aprayer for us." Mr.  ('Jexarlana. Notes with renewal payments go far in giving editors a light on how their work is being received. So, from Indiana, a former Cathedral parishioner writes: "We receive The Guardian every week, and en- joy reading it very much. We think it is one of the best Catholic papers in the Country. Keep it going. Evansville." (You bet we will! ) * * * And this came with a recent renewal: "Dear sir: The only thing I really look forward to in The Guardian each week is the 'Qui Vive', and as sure as I am living that big yellow label invar- iably is slapped right across the face of the first editorial.' Mr. M., Little Rock." $ $ $ Still no further comment on this: "Dear Father, I thought the slogan 'Read The Guardian and Be Saved' was going far enough, but then, last week when I turned the page and saw 'yours truly' getting all the attention of an in- tellectual group, trick or no trick, it was some publicity. "Sure watch' The Guardian reg- ularly. Recent articles and stories have been good. But you know the 'Qui Vies' is the 'light' of your weekly. Keep it up. Lt. P.P., Jefferson Barracks, Me." $ $ $ The Guardian is going to a cer- tain husband at Camp Gruber, Okla., and the wife writes from her home in Gould: "I will notify you as soon as possible, in the event his address is changed, as he is always anxious to receive his copy of The Guardian. He has written several times about how much he enjoys itand how en- thusiastic other Catholic soldiers in his barracks are about the paper also, even though they are from many other sections of the coun- try. "I'm not used to writing fan letters, but I did want you and your staff to know how much good you are doing and how we all ap- preciate it" Mrs. D. Gould." face and with thee and Mary and all the Saints, praise and bless Him through all eternity. Amen. mission, which involves a positive of course, cases in which on ac- count of the special subject mat- ter and circumstances, it may happen that an omission is more serious. It may be asked at what time one incurs the guilt of a sin of omission, in case he fails to do something which he is unable to do by reason of a cause for which he is responsible--for instance, if a man fails to go to Mass on Sun- day morning because he became drunk the previous night. The answer seems to be that he be- came responsible for missing Mass when, having sufficiently fore- seen that his neglect would follow upon his intoxication, he did nevertheless surrender himself to his cravings for liquor. The following questions have of- ten run s through my mind and I wish you would try to solve them: Why out of all the immense num- ber of created worlds would God have chosen our earth, but an in- significant planet, on whieh to place man and to be the scene of the Inearntion? Is it possible that some of these other world are inhabited? If so were they re- deemed also? When you ask a question, "Why did God act as He did the only answer that can be given is: "We do not know." The only thing we can say is, "It pleased God to act." The possibility of a plural- ity of inhabited world's has been maintained by some eminent Ca- tholic writers, though to most peo- ple their opinion does not seem as one offering any proof capable of producing conviction. However, if it does not seem repugnant to our ideas to think that these in- numerable stars contain intelligent creatures capable of knowing and loving God, and if these creatures really exist, we can admit without any difficulty, either that they may not have been in any need of a Redeemer, or that God display- ed His mercy to them in a man- ner unknown to us; or finally that they may have participaled in the effect of the Redemption. St. Paul said: "And through Him (Christ) ... making peace through the Blood of His Cross, both as to the things" that are on earth and,, the things that are in heaven. But, in truth, we do not see why man could not be at least the secondary final cause of all visible creation. Why, for instance, could we suppose that God, to Whom nothing is difficult or impossible, might have created these stars of such immensity and in such prodigious numbers for the pur- pose of giving the man a more exalted idea of His omnipotence, and thus more easily detaching our hearts from the petty things of earth? St. Paul speaks of God the Father, blessing us in Christ, and "according o the purpose of His will. to re-establish all things in Chr/st that are in heaven and on earth." sible, that is, it must be a just just war are: it must be a war of defense; it must be declared by the proper authorities; it must be necessary in the last resort af- ter all other efforts to maintain peace have failed; there must be a grave and just reason for tte- claring the war; the method of conducting the war must be just; there must be a reasonable chance for success that will compensate for all the evils entailed by the war. It must not be protracted after due satisfaction has been given. Now in a just war air raids on fortified towns, barracks, places of shelter for the forces, munition factories, are permis- sible, but reasonable care must be taken, if possible, though usually this is impossible, to spare the lives and property of non-combatants. Ind'iscriminate air raids on non- combatants to sap the morale of a people and places of no mili- tary significance are morally wrong. Air raids are reprisals taken merely as an act of yen- genes or on defenseless places or persons, in no way connected with the war, are entirely unjustifiable. * * * Why should the Church not pay taxes? A fair and fitting answer to this question has been given by Robert E. Speer, a Protestant gent- leman. It runs as follows: "The question whether the state should tax the Church springs from fallacious notions of the nature and function of the state. The state is not the superman and authoritative instrument of soc- iety. Society itself is the seat and source of authority, and the state is only one of the four great institutions of society -- the state, the school, the Church, and the family. In a real sense these four are coordinate. If they are to be differentiated and' arranged in the ascending order of their importance to society, the order just given is the proper one. "It is no more appropriate for the state to tax the Church than for it to tax the family or tax itself. Indeed, it would be more appropriate for the state to tax itself than to tax the Church. To do so, to be sure, would be absurd, as the state has no income except what it takes from its citizens, and a tax imposed by the state on itself would simply mean a heavier tax on the people. But precisely the same thing would be true of a tax on the Church. Such a tax would mean simply an additional impost on that por- tion of the people already volun- tarily bearing the expense of the Church" (Forum, Jan., 1940). $ $ $ May the St. Blase blessing be received anytime of the year, or must it be given only on St. Blase flay, February 3? The St. Blase blessing of throats may be received any day of the year. TRANGE BUT TRU E Little-K.own Fact, catholic, By M. J. MURRAY C0h  tt .w. . smm supply was greater than mand, or there was no marki t ( our supply because of ec0t I; conditions. Very likely it due to economic conditions. ple were getting along wif bare necessities, f Now the picture has ch The war is responsible f0t now i8i change. The demand er than the supply. Dud times of economic stress lab0f I over abundant. Now therh  shortage, but supply must bs:rfal up to meet demand otherwise.te will be a danger to morale  our war cause. The far:aaa asked to produce supplie:k  will meet demand This m done under a handicap, age of labor--shortage of e J ment---and lack of eertaiae^ ments for soil eonditionlng.._= farmer has set himself to thel He hopes he will not be f000ji in the future as he has b)(  t the past. If the supply i' built up to meet demand, the I ers must get a fair price 4 commodities. In normal h there are many who tnst. le ,' supply and demand have ll,! nothing to do with prices, :,.l['m maintain that prices are so. the mercy of speculators ard_' ! dlemen. No one will deYl. oil there is a certain amount  et manipulation, but neither' an informed person denY supply and demand col have much to do with mark  prices. The farmer in building L ply to demand is naturallyxv ested in his returns. The afar: workers all over the count. interested in what they get  t work they turn out. Thee ! lense workers are buying Ilg' out of every months pay ad th bonds will ease the shock tll come when the war is over tL ers wish to buy bonds als0.J to have sufficient resouret to enable them to cope succ., ly with the shocks of peaC]  are /ikely to follow the shoal, . war. i[, Farmers en establish selves soundly on their fa paying off their mortgage debts which may now be b over them, and by using p t!ti in not coati-acting larger i..  than they are able to corn/, take care of. The farmer difficulty now in finding a : -t., for his produce. It would F, on his part to set himself the raising of livestock. Li . will be in demand not or/ lf]. ing the war but for sever F after the war. England, France and other nations  in the market for all the 1t we can spare and this shoul the price of cattle up. I'0 cattle the farmer should content with the wild pastlit, should sow his fields d range and cultivate them ire t][ti manner that he will ha're fk year through. The price'l is prohibitive and if the  has to buy feed he will not ' much profit from his stools':| | farmer now has a goal. T| [ is to furnish the supply. W ] mand. All efforts should  ] ed toward that direction common good comes first, 0!| ] afterthecommongoodistl] [ vats good. We should take advarit I every opportunity to ave idt[ currence of the painful 1920'![ ] Prayer To 0 Divine Jesus, lonelY  | many tabernacles, without  | or worshipper, I offer l [ poor but loving heart. every beating be a prayer for Thee. O sweet Sesus, let meshalsY0 | I[ sacred feet my daily struggles and sorrows, Y|,t I ! and fears, and do Thou In | I hess of Thy sanctuarY, _1 gather them into Thy SaCrV'[ [ Solace my doubts, caim_.l| I dt i and grant that day by become more united to TIs[ [ (Add as many prayer' i, permits.) tl Then say: Dear Jesus, It will .0t_l: I until I come to visit YOt| I TIll then I leave my POt[ [ before the Tabernaele.,| [ every beat tell You that l'l I and that I am longing to '[ I be with yOU. . , I Bless my friends, and mY [ too. Amen. |