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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
April 9, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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April 9, 1943

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hittle Rock has reason t __ lamed of its present condition. e average delinquent is four- n Years old. This information 1 from Mrs. Henderson, ng for the Youth Advisory Seiation, which works m con- etioa With the Council of So- . tgencies. Mrs. Henderson ' as a remedy, an over-all ruonal program for the teen- boys and girls during the Rlt r vacation. She also aug- hat women be added to the le Rock police force. These Istlons are good as far as they but are hopelessly lnade- they ,, The principal juvenile of- me seem to be girls This .is eXpla4ned by the investi- ,al as being due to the pres-  ithis area of so many sold- '.this is a contributing cause, I l c btt Rut the question is how Plln the presence in this h|ty of such girls._ This  ;son reflects the character of I, me, :the church and the L., A: mistaken idea of p- m eters into the situation. P, ff[Cers say that these un- ite Young girls, who d upon charges of axe lm- l!iy, often say, "I am a Vic- 1.', Ideas of this kind must from somewhere. The young ;sCUstomed to get their no- .di tom their elders In every 'r atd nation, God comes ,. Uatrlotism or love of coun- suboervient to love of God. Jk-,s not been true in this na- God and His umetts have been open- ted by some of these same t Agencies that are now scek- l,ilremedy for the result of and the of ipline. At the present ' ,e -els too much of a ten- d  make the young people or social agencies. What-we this country is more of ;i ttt old-fashioned brand of rant which was founded good homes, and large faro- If the cwma.n population lat its own house in order ave the soldiers alone, the thorities might be able to -er job. in this country are at the present time, have clled for com- a man who is accus- but who is wor- present situation. J. is no novice in the yet he is evidently what is transpiring in Y right now. Recently said, "If every home to its responsibility there would be a re- of that verile, indomit- which is found only in fearing people. }I aa more emphasis were the Gospel of Salvation social justice, the lai- n greater reality. is a return to God, a return to the religion. That is, the greatest need toady." Mr. Hoover adept in tracing results He has placed his cuse of Yet the merrily o their lr- way neglecting their and seeking their own More and more Ameri- are being led to be- is their patriotic duty and to work Ctorics or join the mill- There are plenty of Wows, but few Wives. Mill- leaders are urging not to give up their war is over, but to compete with the men. Says again, "I heartily American home in- people must for our boys upon return, llowever, to learn that the cards coming into our Division during 1942 r the country reveal in juvenile from an obvious parental guidance." are all the sacri- limb and property made to preserve f this great nation, if force of destruction the life of of this coun- Pause in their mad stock of the Sit- reader can not ler how long so mny news writers and going to continue m Perhaps to ask how long to continue to vil- Franco for rea- be known to them- are not p- person. who scorns does not hesi- newspaper ver- as ff it were Such individuals blamed for their men are to get at the so desire. In Spanish Civil War are either stupid or to misrepre- Roosevelt evidently have is honest and are doing busi- their advantage. Spanish Cau- the fact that remain neutral in The fact that has been of lin- en Page 8 Volume XX. WIN NATIOJ ,'HE OFFICIA[ ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK UTILE ROCK, ARKANSAS, APRIL 9, 1943 ARCH AWARDS Among the awards announced by the National Research Council, Washington, D. C., are, A. T.. Cross (left), instructor in biology at Notre Dame University, who has been appointed a fellowship in geology and Dolores TerwoDrd/(mght), of Cleveland, a student of chemistry at Catholic University of America, who has been awarded a fellowship in chemical physics. N.C.W.C.I t,snop Gannon Presents Four Point Program For ('.atholic Press Proponenrs New York. 0)  A four-point program offered for all propon- ents of the Catholic Press by the Most Rev. John Mark Gannon, Bishop of Erie and Episcopal Chairman of the Press Department, National Catholic Welfare Con- ference, is published in the C.P.A. Bulletin, official organ of th Ca- I Impartiality Of Pope Cited By Abp. of Munich Vatican City. (El--The universal and impartial charity of the Holy Father toward all victims of the war everywhere was cited by His Eminence Michael Cardinal Von Fvulhaber, Archbishop of Munich, in a sermon delivered in his Ca- ihedral on March 7, concluding portions of which were made the basis of a broad.cast over the Vati- can Radio. In an earlier broadcast the Ger- man prelate was quoted as having reminded that the greatness of the greatest of the ancient Germanic tribes was maintained by justice and not by warfare. Charity, placed between justice and peace, His Eminence said, im- plies a social activity extending its light over both national and inter- national spheres, diffusing among individuals, classes and peoples a noble sentiment of humanity, a sense of responsibility for world tranquility and order. Charity in the execution of laws and treaties, he said, tempers the coldness of justice. Here the Cardinal recalled the charity of the Pope toward all war victims. In the conclusion of his dis- course the prelate spoke of the necessary connection of peace with justice and charity, declaring the Holy Father's conception to be not one of violence. The peace that followed the Versailles treaty was stigmatized by the Cardinal as an imposed peace. He quoted Pope Benedict XV as having re- ferred to the Versailles treaty as one which needed to be further ennobled and completed and re- minded that Pope Plus XlI had warned against separating people's rights from divine right and had also warned nations against mono- polizing earthly goods. tholie Press Association of the United States. The program suggested by Bish- op Gannon is as follows: "lThe intelligent presenta- tion of Catholic world news and principles to United States Ca- tholics by the N.C.W.C., News Ser- vice and the member papers of the Catholic Press Association. "2.The able interpretation of world affairs according to Catho- lic principles, and' post-war poli- cies according to the peace points of Plus XII, as widely as possible in the secular press. "3.The strengthening of the cultural: bonds between the, Ca-. tholicS Of the Americas through the press, notably through N0ticias Catholicas for the Latin America press and through the N.C.W.C., News Service for the United States Catholics. "4.--The strengthening of the Church's voice throughout Europe immediately after the war by speedy aid from America to Eu- rope's suppressed Catholic organs." Gen. 'Reprimanded For Using 8 Shots To Get Sniper Washington. (E)The grim busi- ness of war hasn't dulled the sense of humor of America's fighting men in the South Pacifie, as has been attested by a bit of good, old-fashidned verbal Army "horse play" between Lt. Gen. Millard F. Harmon, Army commander in the South Pacific, and Ma]. Gem Jos- eph Collins, commander of a di- vision on Guadalcanal. General Collins is a brother of Miss Agnes Collins, librarian of the National Catholic Welfare Conference, here. Gen. Harmon, so the story goes, heard that Gem Collins had bag- ged a Japanese sniper and sent the officer on Guadalcanal a "re- primand" for using eight rounds of .30 caliber ammunition on one Japanese. He "ordered" that in the future all major generals were limited to two rounds of ammuni- tion, and mentioned something about damaging a coconut tree. Gem Collins, in reply, blamed it all on "old age, failing eyesight and buck fever" but accounted for the eight shots as follows: 1. nicked the sniper's trigger finger; 2. tore off his cartridge belt; 3. grazed his left eyebrow; 4. splash- ed dirt in his face; 5. missed en- tirely; 6. carried away big toe on right foot; 7. removed an ear; and 8. "a silver bullet which I had carried for just such an occasion, plunked him squarely between the eyes." Gem Harmon rejected the explanation as based on cir- cumstantial evidence and said his "policy still stands." Restoration Work Indicates Fourth Century Church Vatican City. (IC)  A flight of stairs uncovered in the course of restoration work just completed on the Church of Saints Nereus and Achilleus in the Appian Way points to the existence of a sub- terranean church dating back to the fourth century. The Church of Saints Nereus and Achilleus js the Titular church in Rome of His Eminence Dennis Cardinal Dougherty, A'chbishop of Philadelphia, and itself dates back to the ninth century..The restoration work just completed after two years included the re- newal of the roof, the foundations and the pavement. U. S. Army-Chaplain First Celebrant Of Evening Mass FOR VICTORY " V BONDS.STAMPS NO. i 4 Karachi, India. (IC)--The distinc- tion of being celebrant at the first evening Mass said in India fell to the Rev. William Francis Mullal- ly, a chaplain in the U.S. Army forces in India. Father Mullally is a priest of the Archdiocese of St. Louis. The Mass was celebrated "Some- where in Sind" and the Rev. Va- liens Wienk, O. F. M., and the Rev. Alcuin van Miltenburg, O. F. M., both of St. Patrick's Church, here, accompanied Father Mullally to the Sind destination and assisted at the Mass, which was said for mem- bers of the American forces. The St. Patrick's Church choir sang at the Mass. Cuban College Group Plans Education In Patriotism Havana. (10The Confederation of Cuban Catholic Colleges, organ- ized for the affiliation of schools directed by Religious or laity, has as its aim special attention to edu- cation in patriotism on the basis of national values. It will col- laborate with the Association of Parents. Vatican's Efforts Vain In Belgium Labor Problems Loom Large. IAt Washington By Elmer Murphy Washington.  The problem of labor is looming large on the Washington horizon. It is not merely a question of finding work- ers to man the war plants and raise the crops now so sorely needed, but also of regulating wages and conditions of employ- ment, halting strikes and prevent- ing costly controversy within the ranks of labor itself. Incidentally it involves, too, the problem of in- flation and price increases. A change in the traditional at- titude of Congress toward labor is indicated in the report of the Tru- man Committee. It is no longer regarded as the under dog needing special protection. "In the last analysis," the Committee says, by way of warning, "the leaders of labor must now demonstrate that they are statesmen and patriots as well as paid advocates for worthy causes. Labor has come of age, and the country expects these leaders to recognize that la- bor has duties as well as rights. Labor must not repeat the mis- takes of arrogant capitalism, which forged the shackles that now re- strict its every act." Serves Filil00inos Filipino soldiers of the Army of the United States comprise the First Filipino Infantry Regiment. at Camp Besle, Calif. Their chap. lain is Father Eugene C. Noury. O. M. I., formerly of Plattsburg. Excesses Protested By Joint Pastoral (Radio, N.C.W.C. News Service) Vatican City.The Holy See has striven, but without suc- cess, to halt the Nazi confiscation of church bells in Belgium and to obtain the revocation or mitigation of the orders de- porting Belgians to forced labor in Germany, it is revealed in a joint Pastoral Letter of the Belgian Hierarchy, the text of which has been printed in La IAbere of Fribourg, Switzerland. The Belgian Bishops, in this vigorous document bearing date of March 21, 1943, which was read in all Belgian Catholic Declining Birth Rate Will Affect Military Power New York. (E)If the United States should have another war to fight in 1980, our available man- power for military service would be 399,000 less than it is today, says Nathaniel W. Hicks, writing in the current issue of America, national Catholic weekly of opin- ion, unless the present population trend is reversed by a rising birth rate or immigration. Mr. Hicks bases his calculations on estimates by the National Resources Plan- ning Board, whose estimates have been contirmed by the present re- gistration for military service, and !the Scripps Foundation for Popula- churches, say" We now solemn- ly declare that we oppose with all our episcopal authority the measure which has no other purpose but that of transform- ing our bells into machines of war and instruments of death." EarNer Pretest Cited "Some months ago, in the face of the first menace," the Bishops reveal, "we presented to the Ger- man authority an energetic pro- test and enunciated the grave re- ligious and :juridical reasons against the seizure of the bells. On its part, the Holy See inter- vened with the Government of the Reich. We had hoped that, thanks to these interventions, the decision would not be put into execution. But now we learn with dismay that orders have been given to take the bells from our Parish belfries. The report goes on to say that "in these difficult.times it is most unfortunate that labor is split into several bitterly antagonistic. camps, the leaders of which, for the preservation of their own positions and prestige, must com- pete with each other in an attempt' to convince the rank and file of labor, both organized and unor- ganized, that they and they alone are the true champions of labor's rights." The Government itself is not absolved of responsibility for the present confusion. "The situation is alo made more difficult", the report states, "by the creation and continuation of a number of gov- ernmental agencies, each attempt- ing to administer a segment of the labor problem * * with the result that none has the prestige and au- thority to cleave straight to the issue and announce a settlement which will obtain general accept- ance." The labor problem just now is generally approached from three directions. First is the moral principle involved,the right of labor to a decent living. This is not very often mentioned but is generally accepted. The second consideration is whether a wage controversy will lead to a stop- page of essential war activities. The third is whether a proposed settlement will lead to price in- crease and give impetus to infla- tion. As yet neither Congress nor the Administration has attempted to formulate a basic labor policy. The nearest approach to one is the so-called "little steel" formula. This has not found favor with any of the labor leaders. They con- tend that it attempts to place a ceiling over wages, with no cor- responding limit on prices, espec- ially food prices, and the cost of living is increased in proportion. The implication of the Truman Committee report is that 'the re- sponsibility of labor leaders in the way of avoiding strikes and mak- ing no demands that will start a Wage-price spiral is reasonably See LABOR on page 8 .... N.Y. (N.Cw,.c.:L ' tion Problems. I "By 1960," according to these B,shQps Atta:i estimates, he states, "our total  i population will have increased i  by more than 15,000,000," but this increase is a decline in our rate [" ,of growth prior to the last war. The 20-24-year-old pool of men, then, would be a mere 163,000 I more than in 1940. And "a war MrHar lage$ fin 1980 would find the same age ;group totaling 562,000 fewer than in 1960." To achieve even a sta- tionary population in the future Bern, Switzerland. (E)--A rising divorce rate, :free love, adultry and marriages that are forced upon individuals for the purpose of building the race are igorously condemned' in Lenten pronounce- ments of German Bishops, accord-i ing to KIPA, Catholic ;reds agency, here. The Bishops the agency says, strike out against an "un-Christian naturalism" which "denies a great deal of difference between men and animals." They attack com- pelled marriages as "the introduc- tion of force into the most per- sonal and delicate point of pri- vate life and of human personal- ity," and they denounce those who call virginity "a tree without fruit and a life without purpose." The Bishops say some persons have even scorned virginity" as treason to the race." They point out that "the Church defends the right to virginity." . The Bishops, the agency reports, warn against the inclination on the part of many to treat adultery and divorce lightly, and assert that, if Germany is to be "a land of faithfulness," faithfulness must be cultivated where it counts mostin marriage. They declare that those who place legitimate and illegitimate motherhood on the same level attack the ideal of motherhood and the value of wo- man, and do "the worst possible service to the female youth." he estimates, the increase of fe- male children must be more than 16 per cent, or a total of 110 girl babies for every hundred women we now have. "The low fertility," he adds, "will continue and cer- tainly go lower if birth control makes advances in the future com- parable with those of the past 20 years, as evidenced by our vital statistics." Quoting the statistician who warned that "the same trend was shown by France," Mr. Hicks is- sues an added warning: "The de- cline and fall of every great na- tion in history was heralded by a falling birth rate, such as we al- ready have in the United States, and by the decrease of population we shall most certainly have, un- less we start to do something about the decline in child-bearing." Mr. Hicks is a collateral descen- d'ant of Whitehead Hicks, first Mayor of New York, and of Gen- eral Woodhull of the Long Island Army of the Revolution. Church Bells "lo Warn Britons Of Any Attack By George Barnard London. (IC)--Church bells in Great Britain will be used as a local alarm signal for any form of attack by enemy troops, whether sea-borne or air-borne, under an amendment of the Control of Noise (Defense) Order, 1940. Under 1he original order the ringing of bells was authorized only in the case of the arrival of air-borne enemy troops. The military authorities or the local police will order the ringing of the bells. MINDANAO MISSIONARIES INTERNED Fourteen American Oblates have been interned by the Japanese at Cotabato, Mindanao Island, P. I., according to word Just received in the United States. Among those pictured above are, left to right: front row, Fathers John Sheehan, Brockton, Mass.; Francis McSorley, Philadelphia; Emile Bolduc, Lowell, Mass. (interned at Jolo); Cuthbert Billman, Mllton, Mass. (Army chaplaln still missing); George Dlon, Central Falls, R. I.; rear row, Fathers Paul .Dr:one, Bellevllle, IIL; Emile lquerre, Cen- tral Falls, R. I.; Joseph Quinn, Lowell', Mass.; Edward Gordon, Lowell, Mass.; Brother Mlchael Braun. St- Louis, and leather George Baynes, Chicago. Photo courtesy of Oblate World. (N.C.W,C.) i "In the face of tfiis unbelievable measure, it is impbssible for us as Catholic Bishops responsible for the religious patrimony of our coun- try not to raise our voice in pub- lic reproach and condemnation of this proposal. We reproach and condemn the seizure of our bells in the name of religion. The church bells are not merely so many objects of bronze. They have an exclusively religious pur- pose; they must not be used except in praise of God and to invite the faithful to divine services. They have been consecrated and sancti- fied by ritual benediction and, hence, are destined irrevocably to divine worship. They can't be destined for profane use, nor taken without the consent of re- sponsible ecclesiastical author- ities." It is also pointed out in the Pas- toral that the seizure of church bells "constitutes a flagrant viola- tion of international law." "If the announced decision is carried out," the Pastoral also says, "his- tory will say that it is the first time in the course of the centuries !that this profanation contrary to i the manifest and recognized rights I O . f rehgmn has been perpetrated m Belguim." Forced Labor Denounced Noting that, meanwhile, the so-called Mobilization of Belgian Labor continues, the Hierarchy of Belguim brands this practice as a mere "conscription of our pop- ulation for forced labor in the ser- vice of a Germany at war," and state: "We Bishops have protested to the occupying authority against these iniquitous measures. The high judiciary authorities of the country likewise intervened. The King has multiplied his efforts to obtain withdrawal or mitigation of these ordinances. The Holy See has taken an interest in the question. But, all without avail and without effect. "The measures for the requisi- tioning of manpower are absolute- ly unjustifiable: they violate the natural law, international law and i Christian morality. They fail to I take into account either the es- sential dignity and freedom of the imman person, or the welfare and honor of" families, or the supreme good of society which will suffer fatally from these sentiments Of anger and blind hatred sown in thousands and' thousands of op- pressed hearts. Male workers and especially fe- male workers are often placed in gravely harmful moral and re- ligious conditions; finally, despite their reiterated protests, your Bishops have not succeeded on ob- taining authorization to send chap- loins to their exiled diocesans to assist them with their sacerdotal ministry. Measure Barbarous "We are told that these meas- ures are necessary to protect Eu- ropean civilization. But is application of measures which vio- late the essential principles of all civilization to defend, or isn't it rather to destroy civilization? "Human reason and' Christian morality condemn and castigate these iniquitous and barbarous measures; all collaboration in the execution of these measures is gravely illicit in conscience." Mayor's wife Gives Rio Hmpitals 100 Crucifixes Rio de JanierO, 0D--More than 100 crucifixes have been distribut- ed among the hopltals of this city by Senhora D0dsworth, wife Df the Mayor of Rio de Janlro,