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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 7, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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April 7, 1923

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K 7 i .i  PAGE TWO q THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 7, 1923 Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of ]Attic Rock ,&apos;{09 WEST ,ql:(:ONl) STREET tntered as second-class illaue:" M&Pch 21, lflll, at tile postoffice at Little Rock. Ark.. unde.r the Act of Congress of March 3. 1819. SUtlSCRIPTION I'I.U(;E. $.2.00 TflF YEAR (:IIANGE OF AI)f)RI'SS When a change of address ts desired the subscriber should g:ve both the okl aml the new address, CORRESI'C, N I )EN CE Matter intended for lmbtieation ltl The (;tlardiall should reach us not later t[lall Wednesday llll.JFllIltg, Brie news C.)5"lespollOt:llCe is always welcome, The kind,Jess of tile elelgy in this chatter is cordially appre- ciated. aEv. m.:, . J1. ,i,, m.:l,u, r''......... 77.77. 7-...u(,eT.i;:i;G All coJmntlllieatio,ls allen, "TI!e (hlardian" sllould be ad(h'cssed to the Roy. Gee. II. McJ)ermolt, .3'02 \\;Ve,sl .<,'.'omit trt:t.t, ()FFfCIAI, ,\\;/'lq(),'Al, The Guardian ,is the ofleiaI or.gall f the I ocesc of I. t J R :k, aml I Dray God that t may be all t 1' {.St ch.:tln )lOll 111 the ca1 s' of 'g justice and trut]l aml an trden, r cfc er of tie re giou which we all love so well I extend to it mv I lessing with khe sit ee e o m t at its Career Inay be lol;g it;id p'OSl)clOt s. 1.' OIIN ].L MORRIS. BiS]',op of Little Rock. Little Rock, Ark., April 7, 1923. Low Sunday: The Sunday in white. The cou-] tinuance of the Church's joy in the resurrection of Our Lord. O-O A new proof that money is not everything, is that seventy-nine millionaires committed suicide in the United States during 1922. There were 12,000 suicides in the whole country. --O-O, Philadelphia continues to enjoy the reputation vhich it has long deserved of being the most generous of all dioceses. The repm for the Seminary Collectior just made gives the stupm'd- ous sum of $230,000.00, which means $30,000.00 more than the preceding year. The increase alon( would be a handsome collection for many a diocese. 0-0- ....... "Receive ye the I'-Ioly Ghost; whose sins you shah forgive they are forgiven them; whose sins you shall retain they are retained." With these words Our Savior resumed the teaching of His disciples after His Resurrection. Or these words is founded the docrine of auricular confession in the Catholic Church. The power to forgive granted to the Apostles a,>t ,their successors. Chamber of Commerce, Washington, D. C., a study of the Federal land grants devoted by Arkansas to her permanent public school fund shows that had this fund been properly managed, our State would today possess a permanen en- dowment of ninety-two million dollars, yielding an annual revenue of $4,600,000, mol'e than one- third of ,he total amount Arkansas expended for public schools in the year 1920. Instead of any such princely sum Arkansas has today a non- productive fund whose paltry annual income of '$74,000 is a pure fiction raised by a state ax. The Report adds, "A study of the present as well as of the past laws in Arkansas would seem to show that the citizens of this commonwealth have conceived of their permanent fund and or" the lands given them by the Federal government for public schools primarily as sources of revenue to be used for the advantage of individual citi- zens or to be employed to rescue the state from any and every financial crisis. As !ate as ]921., $180,000 in cash which had been accumulated in the state treasury to the credit of the perma- nent fund was used to pay the state's peniten- tiary debt and was replaced by state paper." We hope that the Arkansas delegates to the illiteracy conference have made a study of the Report which is issued free by the Chamber of Com- merce in Washington. From other sources we have the warning that there is much scheming behind all the present hullalbaloo about ,he"crisis in education. It is well to bear in mind that the Sterling-Towner bill is pending in federal congress, to the further- ance of which it is made to appear that the States TM are not competent to handle their own schools, I as the history of the past clearly shows. Conse- 0-0 Emperor Simmons wants "Kamelias" around his thrown. His first Kamelia, Mrs. Tyler, skipped off to Paris it is alleged. Now he wants to start a sort of a Klan sewing circle with all the sister "Kams" registered. Imperial Wizard Evans does not want the "Kams" around the palace, and so goes the fight for the protection of womanhood and the su- premacy of the high chief boob grafter of the Kluxers over the Klan "Kams." Meanwhile the depOsed Wizard Clarke is sep- arated from his "Kam" by the Mann Act and is being sought by the Federal officers. Who wants to be a "Kam"? ,o-e THE ILLITERACY CONFERENCE On April 10-11 Little Rock will harbor a con- ventio.n. Conventions are a necessary adjunct of modern civilization. It seems we cannot get along without them. Sometimes they are mere after- noon parties, or perhaps siglltseeing tours; and still more frequently clever schemes of advertis- ing for'a city, a political party, a "fad," or what not. At any rate, there must be conventions. The conference to be held in Little Rock next week has a laudable purpose, for it is the Illit- eracy Conference of Southern States. The dele- gates of fourteen Southern States Will assemble to devise new ,plans and resuscitate old ones for the eradication of illiteracy in the South. We are told there arethree million illiterates in these fourteen States. In his call tO the conference Governor McRae points to the fact, that "Arkan- sas and the South are m the midst of an educa- tional awakening.". This amounts to a confession that until now we were in an educational coma, .despite the constant glorification by fervent pa- -triers of the splendid state system of education bequeathed to us by our forefathers. Only recently Professor H. G. Thomasson, Logan County Superintendent of Schools, told the readers of the Paris Express, issue of February 1, 1923, chttt the establishment of the public school system was "the greatest merely human event in all the his,tory of the human race." And he lauds that system of education in glowing terms:, saying, "There is'only one really American schoolroom, that is the public schoolroom. There is only one typically American school, and that is the public school." In it alone is received "the democratic baptism that:, should come in early ehildhold." From the necessity of illiteracy con- erences, however, it appears that the greatest merely human establishment, has failed in its task, for it cannot plead lack of time or of ade- quate means. Much of the illiteracy now prevalent is due to past mismanagement/of the Federal land grants for educational purposes. Arkansas, especially, has suffered seriously from this cause. Accord- ing to the Majority' Report of the Special Com- mittee on , Education, instituted by the U. S. is not so easy to fasten on him the reproach of] glorying in his shame which is inseparable from I any defense of a Church conceived on purely national lines. T. .................. 0-O EA(,HING PAT]HOTISM Although to love one's country is not a super- natural, but a merely natural virtue, it is very praiscv:orthy, and the Church condenlns all se- rieus acts o' disobedience towards civil authority as sinful. For this reason the various bodies of public- spirited citizens in this country who undertake the meritorious task of interpreting America to recent immigrants, when they contine themselves to the political aspect of the question, are en- gaged in a very commendable activity, and now that Secretary of Labor Davis is pleading for co- ordination of all those who are undertaking to spur newly made citizens to patriotic service, we may look for great results in the future. Those who are taking up this splendid patriotic work will feel encouraged by reading the great message of Secretary Hughes on the obligations of citizenship and our fundamental respect for law, wired to some Chamber of Commerce cele- bration : "These obligations do not rest solely or chiefly in the exercise of the privilege of citizens in vot- ing, or in conducting campaigns or in holding office," Secretary Hughes said. "Important as are all these duties, their perfm:manee will amount to nothing unless our citizens are imbued with the spirit of our institutions, which means respect for a government of law; a sincere de- sire to better in every practicable way the con- quently the necessity of federal control in edu- cation should swing the pendulum to Sterling- Towner. The conference of next week has a great and worthy purpose. We hope that the service of the delegates will be given in an unsel- tish, patriotic spirit. E. 0-0 ................ THE NEXT BOOK ABOUT US As it is so customary for visitors to this coun- try, even when they do not come foi' that pur- pose, to write books about us on their return, we shall fie curious to see what that prolific writer, Mr. Belloc, now on a lecture tour, will produce, for the book itself is taken for granted. it is too bad that Con[ress is not in session, for although Mr. Belloc is a very versatile writer, political topics are his special passion. Hi keen satire which he inherits from his French ances-! tors is at its best in politics. Dissatisfaction with the methods of the House of Commons caused Mr. Belloc to withdraw from active political life; and after his withdrawal he wrote a satirical book, "Pongo and the Bull," to expose the futility of the present parliamentary system of Great Britain. Seeing the skill with which he exposes defects in methods of legislation which are apparent to all, we repeat our regret that a session of Con- gress did not afford an opportunity of apprais- ing our American way of doing things. T. O-O GL()RYING IN ?THEIR SHAME It is curious to note that good people who sin- cerely deplore the Want of union amongst Chris- tians, are so eager to champion that national spirit which was the .most potent influence in bringing about disunion. According to philo- sophic thinkers the Reformation was not so much a falling away from the Church of those who were really Catholics, as the coming forth from her communion of those who had previously been in it without being of it, and hence historically speaking the special cause of the great anti-Cath- olic outbreak of the sixteenth century may be traced to the growth and development of nation- alism which was apparent even in the twelfth century. This glorification of nationalism in religion has always found an opportunity for asserting itself, for Catholicity, which rises above all national dis- line,ions, is sure to stir IP jealous hostility. It is even found in branches of the Anglican Church which affects the note "Catholic" in everything ditions of human life; loyalty in all the relations , of life, and the disposition to be kindly and fair in all dealings with one's fellow men." Splendid sentiments like these will do much to undo the harm caused by cynical flings at patriot- ism---the last refuge of scoundrels, and by sneer at those politicians who take refuge in a very real patriotism from the vileness or shabbi- ness of the trade or oaeupation in which they were formerly engao'ed. T. 0-0 ............. JEWISH OR,THODOXY It would appear that orthodoxy among Jews is as difficult to maintain as orthodoxy among Protestants. In the early days of the excitement caused by a minister who is disturbed by two conflicting emotions, doubt about the reality of the Resurrection, and inhibition against marry- ing a grass widow, Rabbi Wise of New York " " " t shared no,emery wth Dr. Grant by denying tha the en Comamndments were graven by God on Mr. Sinai. But neither Rabbi nor Rector has been. able 'co indUlge in scepticism with impunity, for the Rabbi Gold of Boston arraigns him in this fash- ion ' . "It was, indeed, disappointing to read that Dr. Wise is playing a Jewish accompaniment to Dr. Grant's movement in Christendom. Far be it from meto claim a position in the synagogue parallel 'co that of Bishop Manning. The Syria-' gogue has no' bishops. This may be our difficulty or advantage. But for Dr. /Wise to affect the martyr's role and bare his chest heroically to an archer who is too far removed to aim an rrow--- this surely iS not the wisest move expected of I that highly gifted gentleman. ] Having attacked the Divine origin of the I Fable, of Law, Dr. Wise is by no means in dan- gin,, of being banished from the Synagogue, for he has long ago banished himself from the tra- ditional Synagogue and founded the so-called free Synagogue." "Like many members of the reform sect of Judaism, he evidently believes that the Torah (that is, the biblieaI and talmudic law) is not the authoritly on the validity of the Torah." " T. o-o- BANNING THE ENCYCLOPEDIA The board o'f educatio of Belleville, N. J., has ordered the @atholic encyclopedia reoved from the high school of that town, to which it was presented by the local chapter of the Catholic else; and this is the explanation of the sympa- thetic interest which all branches of the Anglican I Church High, Low and Broad--disclose in every movement from Rome in CzechoSlovakia and other countries of Central Europe. But the most I noteworthy instance of glorying in one's shame,' came to our notice in a recent issue of The Allan. tic M'onthlll. Dean Inge, of St. Paul's, London, writing m that periodical on the "Catholic Church and the Anglo-Saxon Mind," frankly avows what we regard as contradictory-of every- thing Catholic, and boldly states the identity of England and the Church of England. "The Pro- testant Church,' he contends, "is the Christian part of the nation; it has (or should have---I am speaking of ideals rather than facts) no interests apart from the highest welfare-of the nation." As the learned Dean was writing in reply to Hilaire Belloc, who had an article in the previous. number of that magazine, and as his object was to consider which of the two--Anglicanism or Catholicismis most in harmony with the pres- ent currents of thought and life in England, it ,Daughters of America. This action was taken in conseqffence of letters received from the Ku Klux Klan and protests lodged by the Junior Order of United American Mechanics, the Royal Riders of the Red Robe, Ladies of the Invisible Empire and the Patriotic Order of Sons of America. The Catholic encyclopedia is a store house of authoritative ihformation on the history and practices of an institution which for nearly 2,000 years has been a great force in the development of Christian civilization. No one who is ignorant of the.history of the Church can lay claim to a liberal education. The societies of organized ignorance which have succeeded in excluding the Catholic ency- clopedia from the Belleville high school would be surprised and perhaps chagrined to find that it contains articles on every Christian denomina- tion, more impartial, urbane and uncontroversial than those presented in any other encyclopedia. They might be amazed to find that its articles on the founders of the great Protestant move- ments such as Luther, Calvin and among the best ever written. Fortunately, librarians, school members of boards of education re 1 women of enlightenment to whom al religious prejudice are abhorent. of the Catholic encyclopedia have for sets of the work from 4,000 and schools which cannot afford to volumes. Organizations such as the of America, which presented Belleville school, are endeavoring mand. The Belleville board ble distinction of being the first body gift of the invaluable public -o-o-- CHES TER TONISMS "The Church cannot change quite the charges against her do. thought does outstrip her, in the disappears of itself, before she has ing it. She is slow and belated in the she studies a heresy more seriously heresiarch does." "The skeptics never give us the their skepticism. In other words, apply it where it does really apply. Wells, for instance, did at one .time a length which was not so much religion, but rather skepticism about even skepticism about skepticism." O-O-------"-"- EDITORIAL ENCOURAGING SIG N / Reports from all over the country never were the Lenten devotions than they were this year. That is an sign, that the People are remaining even under the most adverse ('atholic Herald, .o-0-------'-" WORTHY OF A large amount of space has Catholic journals during the past of The Catholic Laymen's Association This widespread recognition of a men, has been justified by the organization's labor, tI has been nmrked by enthusiasm and right.---Catholic Transcript. _! .( EXCEPT THE The founder of the Police Gazette day, and in a discussion of periodical, occasioned by the old-time editor undertook to explain' tive decline of the Gazette in recent decline was due, he said, to the press now publishes the class of the Gazette formerly had a Tablet. -O-O----'- AS UsuAL After engaging in a game of prdctically from the beginning session the Missouri Popular opinion declares it the monwealth has ever witnessed; by the people and the people are it. When the people exercise more independence in selecting those their laws thy will get a Iegislat caliber and character and not Progress. 0.0.... CEMETERY ART A cemetery may be well o shaded and conspicuously ural feature, and yet be by the "monuments" put in grotesque forms in marble and the graves of the dead, who the living. Some an-ayes are packed as ,they are with "unsightly" displays. Pittsburgh Catholic. 0-0 GET AT TItE ROOT. Those Protestant ministers who alarm the increasing evil of think that a boycott by the marriage of divorced persons better conditions, reveal little man nature. To insist u the vorce and yet tell husbands and ought not to divorce each a small boy that he has a the green apples he wants :tohave a pain in his stomach. breakwater against the evil is the divorce is forbidden by the testant ministers will not members of their flocks, jt --Indiana Catholic.