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April 3, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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April 3, 1920

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THE GUARDIAN, SATUR DAY, APRIL 3, 1920. PAGE FM Persons of Note Joseph Kinsman name with which "Guardian" are now more or less familiar interest is now being a- the publication of the story conversion which has recently under the significant title Mater." Hails Mother. Dr. to last October a Bishop Protestant Episcopal Church soon as he realized the Catholic was his Mother and claimed her child, he made no delay to his Mother. re not yet quite ready to give review of the former Bish- but one thing has struck us explains the tone which has his every utterance, and that Oxford flavor that clings to as well as to his intel- Until we read his book we that he spent three years And this reference to Ox,- by the way, give an added to a foot note in ttle volume. a layman named John V. ef Philadelphia interested in Bishop Kinsman when the ruled the Church in Delaware Lawton said to himself "How be if some day Bishop did as Newman did." He his conversation should be to every Catholic who has a decided Apostel/te Most Rev. Patrick J. Hayes, D. of New York, is mak- eputation as a letter writer. In an invitation to a gathering the question was to be dis- "Are American Religious Equal to "the Demands of Conditions," he sent the fol- note: , has never been any mighty disturbance in history without playing a momentous role, a strong ally or as a danger- according to the way men re- movement. The present in human affairs is no excep- religion is essentially a part very self. extraordinaIT service of high the churches rendered the the war should be a of their splendid equipment 1 now in post-bellum days for recon-: struction work. Reconstruction may bc spiritual, social or political, or all three thrown together. The church best serves when she speaks a spiritual message that is vital, understandable and compelling, provided she inter- prets the everlasting law and prophets in terms that are true and fill the needs of the hour. "The Decalogue and the Sermon on the Mount must be the basis of endur- ing progress in all ages. Science, let- ters, art, commercial and industry, what do they profit the race if they fail to lead man to a cleaner and bet- ter spiritual vision and outlook on the meaning of human existence? What the people need today is leadership toward ideals and principles that are unchanged and unchangeable because written by the finger of God in the very soul of man. "The primary mission of the church is to save the soul of' America. Social service and philanthrop/c work are very secondary compared to reaching the souls of men and leading them to a spiritual contentment that the State education or wealth have not within their power to bestow. If Americ seeks first the kingdom of God ant His justice, then all other things will be added unto her. Labor and capital, the great and the lowwly, the rich and the poor, the learned and the unletter- ed, will fraternize, know one another I and peace and justice will reign. Save the soul of America and the body poll i tic and social will take care of itself." The Rt. Rev. Bishop MeCort, form- er Auxiliary Bishop of Philadelphia, has been transferred to Altoona, Pa., to be Coadjutor Bishop to Bishop Garvey, with right of succession. He was immensely popular with the con, gregation of Our Lady of Sorrows of which he had been pastor for many years, and as a parting he received a check for $21345.00. The Rt. Rev. John E. Gunn, D. D., Bishop of Natchez, never makes an address that is not quotable, and not only quotable, but actually quoted on many an occasion. In his latest ad- dress he did not wait until he got into his address, his very title is quotable. "What is the matter with Ireland?" ,t of Christ of Christian Faith (Continued from Page 1.) now generally, and with lason, believed to be mant- Still remains a great mystery; due ,in go-eat measure to its immediately apparent to We call it the ether, that medium, which fills all but that is little more than a We say that it is differ- ordinary matter, as it is but that merely means not obey the ordinary law But it is matter all for it is not spirit; and say there is no such thing deny thc existence of any- matter. And yet ether I)ass through ordinary mat- the greatest case• Though phenomena seem to show is in itself extremely, stiff or hard steel, and could not on itself so as to make made, that there cannot be stmh a. thing, for I find • great difficulty in whittling ogt a toy boat." • And the very fact of our progress, great for us, but little in !tself, only makes the absurdity still more plain. When we begin to see possibilities: we are less excusable than if we did: not see them at all. We know some things that matter cab and will do under our observa- tion, and q we believe it will do the same again under thesame circum- stances; that is what our laws of na- ture amount to, and they are import- ant and valuable, and it has taken a good deal of trouble and ingenuity o find them out. But just what matter is, and how far the circum- stances may be changed; about all this we are densely ignorant. We know what matter can do, or what can be done witll it, but it is not for us to say what it cannot do or what cannot be done with it. Preposterous Argument. Itow preposterous then it is for us to say to Him who has made this FULL TEXT PUBLICATION li ..... OF THE BISHOPS' PASTOR/E/! Boo#s o]lnterest EXPRESSES THEIR TE THOUGHTS tiP-/ We l.uve lon accustomed ourse!ves io)i rep.ied that he had made his best oN THE PRESENT STATE OF RELIGION, trPON J: ,oe ITS NEEDS AND ITS ABUNDANT RESOURCES w00,h to • AND ITS SIGNIFIGANCE IN THE AFFAIRS OF ors. And yet that is just what wn- him. All of which was most inter- MEN AND NATIONS. With this issue of The Guardian presents the fourth install- ment of the Bishops' Pastoral Letter in full tet and shall con- tinue the stone fronl week to week until this wholesome and timely letter becomes a part in the intelligence and the zeal of the Guardian readers. (Continued from Last Week.) PRAYER. We are certain that amid the trials of the last few years, you have prayed without ceasing--for those who have gone from you to the post of duty and danger, for your country, for the mtold nfillions who fell in the struggle. Many of you sure- ly have found that it is "a holy and wholesome thought to pray for the dead that they may be loosed from sins '' (II Mach. XIL 46). This doctrine and practice, so fully according with the im- pulse of humaI affe.ction, appeals to us now with singular force. For those who mourn, it is a source of comfort; for all, it is the exercise of purest charity. And no petition could be more pleasing to the Father of mercies than that which im- plores Him to grant our departed brethren everlasting rest in a place of refreshment, light and peace. The remembrance of those who are don before us with the token of faith, will raise up our hearts above worldly desires; and whereas we are sad- dened by the certain prospect of death, yet shall we be com- forted with the promise of immortal life, knowing that "if our earthly house of this habitation be dissolved, we have a build- ing of God, a house not made with hands, eternal in heaven" (IICor. V. 1). We heartily commend the beautiful practice of fanfily prayer. "Where there are two or three gathered together iu My name, thbre amI in the nfidst of them" (Matth. XVHI, 20). If this is true of the faithful in general, it applies with particular meaning to those who are members of the same household. The presence of Jesus will surely be a source of blessing to the ltome where parents and children unite to offer up prayer in common. The spirit of piety which this custom develops, will sanctify the bonds of family love and ward off the dangers which so often bring sorrow and shame. We appeal in this nmt- ter with special earnestness to young fathers and mothers, who have it in their power to mould the hearts of their children and l train them betimes in the habit of prayer. THE SACRIFICE AND THE SACRAMENTS. This will also inspire them with love for the public services of the Church and, above all, for the:central act of Catholic worship, the Holy Sacrifice of the Mass. For tim, truly Cath- olic heart, there should be no need of insisting on the duty which the Church enjoins of hearing Mass on Sundays and festivals of obligation. We have only to stir up the faith that is in us, and consider that on the altar is offgred the same clean ol)lation whereby the world was redeemed on the Cross; and as iiam W. Ellsworth would have us believe. Within the memory of his recollect- ions, and associations with the Cen- tury Company, he has met the men and women whose names have been emblazoned on our literature, and he gives us the manner of the meeting, an' insight into the character, some. appropriate anecdote, and the whole produces a readable volume, valuable for history it contains about the founding" an’[ growth of The Scribner and Century Magazines. His style is delightful, his people interesting, and his book is a real contribution to the history of period- ical literature, and the literature of the publishing house, with which he was associted. "The Golden Age of Authors," in- clude Richard Harding Davis, Edgar Allan Poe, Roberi; Louis Stevenson, Frank Stockton, Helen Hunt Jackson, Charles D. Warner, G. W. Cable, W. D. Howells, bret Harte, John Hay, T. N. Page, Irwin Russell, Sidney Lanier, Mark Twain, Marian Crawford and other stones equally as formida- ble. It would seem as if the stories about Mark Twain would be all exhausted but the originality of this one is vouched for by Mr. W. W. Ellswmh himself. "But wait till I tell you what hap- pened in London. I had got around the world and my debts weren't all paid either, and I was sitting before my hotel fire one morning when in walked Pond and made me an offer of $50,000 for 125 nights in America Well, that was something of a temp- tation, and I said to him, "I'll have to talk with Mrs. Clemens. If she'll let me perhaps I'll do it. Come in to- morrow morning at this time and I'll let you konw.' I talked to Mrs. Clemens all night," he told me. "You'll have pneumonia she said, "I'll go with you, the girls'll go with you, we'll all die." And it was four o'clock in the morning be- fore she gave in. At eleven o'clock I was sitting over the fire waiting for Pond; I even had the outline of a contract drawn up on the table. But he did not come; he didn't come in the afternoon. By evening I would not have gone to America with Pond if he'd offered me the U. S. Treasury. • He came in the next day. "Well, where have you been.' He'd been visiting today no Christian call stand unmoved on Calvary, or pass with Dean Hole in Rochester. "And why nc  r  (hdn't you come back yesterday  Well, indiffere x along the'road which Jesus trod, so is it incon- " ceivable that any who believe in the word of Christ and His the Dean wanted me to lectu.r,e to his ' she , . • ] people, of course it tooK a fitt,e ime Church, : uld allox household cares, or business pursmts, or to get them together, and I stayed the love of pleasure and ease to keep them away from Mass. Negligence in resp)eet of this duty may often result from lack of proper instruction; and we therefore desire to impre,s upon parents, teachers and pastors the importance and the necessity explaining to those in their charge, the origin, nature and value of the Holy Sacrifice, the meaning of the sacred rites with which it is offered, and the order of the liturgy as it advances I from season to season. There is so much beauty in the worship of the Chur('h, so much power to fill the ufind with great flmughts and lift up the heart to heavenly things, that one who hears Mass with intelligent devotion cannot but feel in his soul all impuls,. to holier livin.,_,;. Such is the experience of those es- l>,,cially who begin each day bv attending Mass, and we rejoice over another night and gave my lec- tury. Splendid audience. Wonderful visit. And then I opened on the Ma- jor and the trip was off forever." For years I told that story as a joke on Major Pond. A few months ago I happened on two' old letters from the major, written to me that summer while he was in England dickering with Mark Twain over the American tonr. There was no lecture. Mark had telegraphed him in the country asMng him to come back to London and talk more about it, but the ma- esting in comparison with the story I had heard that Sunday afternoon. At the author's market rates, it would have been worth $500, and I had it to myself. True? Perhaps not--but Mark thought it was while he was telling it." The best seller method as illustrated in the work of Harold Bell Wright is given in detail. Marian Crawford is described as one of the most lovable of men. Mr. Ellsworth tells us whenever a new Crawford book came out be bought it, and enjoyed it in the same way that he would a good play. "The Golden Age of Authors is fi:led with all these chatty reminis- censes, that go to make it one.of the most companionable volumes that has come under our notice for months. C. AN APPEAL. German Foreign Mission. The true Christian ideal holds us to choose the Supernationalism of the Gospel of Christ above and beyond any ideal Nationalism or Internation- ism. Christianity places the Kingdom of God first, that is 'ideal and prac- tical Christianity, and both give to God His tribute first. Christianity in fact means the Brotherhood of God among men, and when nation and man seeks to disunienize this Broth- erhood then is there bound to follow an injustice, crying to Heaven. You cannot nationalize His Kingdom ac- cording to His justice and Hilkcharity, ,et this very thing is feared by the German Catholic missionmarises un- der that pact in which the "peace ef the world" eems to be "a world of strife." By the Peace Treaty the Ger- man missionaries are made the sub- eets of confiscation on the part of the Allied colonial Boards; resumption of religious work depends upon colon- ial governments. The Allied and as- sociated powers in Article 438 of the Peace Treaty wrote into that pact certain clauses, which make for the despoilation of Catholic nfissions, not' lone the so-called German missions but clauses that would even cover the despoliation of Catholic missions in South Africa, Japan, China, Unit- cd States and Brazil, be they German, English, French or American, Japan- ese of Chinese. Prescinding all ques- tions of nationalism or international- ism, the Get,nan Catholic missionar- ies nmke a strong appeal at this time • that all Christian mission, Catholic or not, be safeguarded by the Powers. h•om the unjust edicts of any and all colonial Boards of Trustees. The Mis- sion Press, Techny, Ill., U. S. A., prints a very explanatory pamphlet, "AN APPEAL," wherein a banished Genan missionary calls upon the Catholics of the World to save the German Foreign Missions, and all oth- er Catholic Missions from the loss of independence that will prevent them as an apostotate from the perform- ance of a sacred duty in the necessary warfare for the cause of Christ. Cath- olics should read "An Appeal." Send for it to the Mission Press, Techny, Ill. Mailed free. anything, else, yet none the earth, in its course round Oasses through it (.or it the earth_ at the rate but of 60.000 miles every no perceptible resistence. Theories and Facts. Vhole question as to the con- or construction not only of ethor, but of ordinary still remains unsolved, and will, so remain for a long have a fairly plausible theory and vapors, but the solid states are still a mystery. tell why a liquid move: o i*.sef, ad yet is so in- while a solid is corn- stiff, and yet can be corn- What the forces or shapes aticles are which produce states, we can only imagine. Presumptuous and absurd, Would be for us solemnly to lat even ordinary matter, csmposing our own bodies lut into a state in which, Other, it can penetrate oth- but unlike the ether move d rapidly through the ether ow ridiculous it is for us lust beginning, after long and many weari- to get some little ablems which the uni- te us; how ridiculous to say that nothing can  it, except what we see our So! a if a child should say, "I that a steamship cannot be great universe, that ite must submit Himself to tt-e limitations of our puny knowledge; an(1 that He must not fication. ] undmake to do'things which we are ,  , o   "  I .@.'itual b(,ing', so that w( lna say with the Apostle: I lix, ] not able to do How absurd, when l , • ,., '-. ,. , " ". ,. • , . • , . : * . .[ JE IS Ill(SWISS consollllt$1:o so() in our [lille a revival ()J! the he Chooses l:o snow us a speclmen el I . ., • . • . . .,. " ,  ,. , . .. , . • [ His Almighty power and infinite] Sl)Irl1: Wllicn in prlllllllV tides, le(l tile nl'iS:lan lo recelve eacll •  ,, - science, for some little human scien- day "the Bread that came down from heaven. In the Holy tist to sv.y, "That must have been a[ Eucharist, the love of Jesus Christ for men passes all under- delusmn m thos xl,o thought they ,, , ,  , , • " ' .... :' I stamling, lie flint eatttn My flcsh'and drinkcth M3 blood, witnessed it, for the Lord could not ...1+. ;..  -..l "[ ; 1;.., /'l..1. YT 7 A wor(h r COUl .s. . s • • • t • .[ [tlJllll2tll 111 ±₯lt" i3klll_l 2L 111 1111|[ t/Ul|]l ₯ .1., till. t - {I0 a '[,fling wtucfl IS plainly agttlns,[ . . . ’ • 1 . o "m laws de n tree which we have t nlUlllO]l unites US Wllll our avlour, ll](l evel] l'illlS[o]'lllS our " [now not I, 1,ut Christ liveth in m,.," (Gal. I, 20). As by**His Let us, who hay ethe light of faith] continual abiding within it, the Chm'eh is bolv and without md know that these things have hap ?  , , - , , . f , . - • s " ," "l l)hnfisn, so does the ores(nee of Clnist iu each'soul purify i ened, not f'fll into thin foohshness. I  "' ' • " ," ""  "  -11 thins in ltim • " : • " " "" s - . I o.v( 11 flS l t( IS pur(,, an(I give it power o (to a  or een De emprea ’o (m ,o. er  . • us rather thank Him who has given] "who strongthe.ns it. • vs a little glimpse of the great mar- I . ]le sense of our unworthiness lllav incline 1:1s to draw back vels which His infinite wisdom and I fronl the tloly Table; but, as St. Paul tells us: "Let a nmn goodness has in store; let us pros-[ prove himself and so let himeat of that bread and drink of the t,'ate our,lelves in adoration before , ,. ,, , L , "  ..... . ,  -- from the H'nn' ann''accept in hum'ility and with I enane(,  (L tSOl.. .... 21, z). t3uly sm can scparme us . absolute trast what He reveals to us,[ love of God which is m Christ Jesus our Lord, and for sin I-Is th;2 we may one day see and know,] ha p,'ovided a remedy in the sacrament of ]-hs mercy.  If as far as pes'.ible for us, all His won-] We confess onr sins, He is faitM'ul and just to forgive us our do m Hs Heavenly Kingdom The ,, .@.s." ". " "-- ]ins and to cleanse us from all iniquity (I John I, 9). Through nsmnary , , , ents the one lven for the heahno" of ouI souls, •  " ,, ] tbescto sacraln , , " ,'g' , " €, ' "," , TIlE IRIaH IN ROOSEVELT. thc other, for their, nourishment, we, are estaiflished , in the lift.• of [ !race and are "filled unto all the fulness of God" (Eph. III, Theodore Roosevelt once said that I I'(D • , " ' Fi Id "/' e wa related to the tzgera s, ,,- -'  - -. I,r d-" ,.he O'Briens and the Butlers." Hts[ (uonl;lnuetl ieXl V etK.) mother's name was Barnhill. Her] '- - , great-grandfather, John Barnhill, ira- OKLAHOMA WINS OVER TEXAS. bank of the river. The dispute has migrated to America from County _. ", given rise to lawsuits. Judge You- Month in 1701. The Barnhills were[ The boundary between Texas and roans has now decided that Okla- to know that their numlnn' is increasing. They will grow in COMING CONSISTORY. faith mM fervor, and lheir piety will be for all a source of edi- !larts Guessing Coutest on Appointees to the Cardinalate. (C. P. A. Service to The Guardian) Rome.There will be consistory in March, very possibly 'as early as the.[ first, and another later. One Vatican correspondent of a liberal paper here ar, nounces some thing of a novelty, that the two were one; that in Marcl would take place the secret consistory, the public consistory of the same func- tion taking place six weeks or so later. But a bettei'-informed writer poinii, out that they are two different func- tions; the first one being for promul- gation of bishops only, the second for the creation of cardinals also. It may be that there is also another object in the March consistory. Canon I,aw says that "a solemn canonization ater it shall have been decree in r:onsistory, takes place ........ ; and, supposing that the latter function were not held--as is, indeed, possible --till after the great ceremonies of April and May in St. Peter's, one of the objects of the March Consistory might be to 'decree' the canonization of BB. Marguerite Marie, Gabriel dell' Addolorata and Joan of Arc. As regards tile cardinals to be an- nounced at the later functions, the names suggested do not differ from those already given Cardinal Rinald- "ni's death brings the number of the, members of the Sacred College down to 64, including, as any list nmst offi- cially include, the cardinal created in recember, 1916, and reserved in poe- tore. So there is still not much room, Msgr. Tacci's name is given as eer- tain, and that of Msgr. Ragonesi, Nuncio at Madrid. Beyond that we are on the high seas. Another Spanish cardinal is sug- g'ested, but Spain has already five, i- cluding Cardinal Merry del Val in Curia. A few more likely choice for His Holiness would seem to be the newly appointed Archbishop of Col- ogne, Msgr. Schulte. Germany has only one cardinal at present; and one has always been accustomed to see red lmts at xBreslau, and Cologne. The name. too, of Msgr. Sehulte was men- tinned when he was Bishop of Pader beg'n--though, I believe, incorrectly as one of those reserved in pectore in 1916. The Dean of the Rots, Msgr. Sebastianelli, has passed from Rome to a better place. His successor, Msgr. Many, ,is understood to be retiring soon, on account of limit of age; and his successor, the English-speaking Auditor Msgr. Prior, who has been acting Dean for some time, will serve some customary years before expect- ing promotion to the College of Card- inals. tlis Holiness must bestow another red bat in Curia--indeed, .there is a quite interesting creation whispered-- but there is the Church the wide world over, and one's thoughts cannot but turn to the United States, always pre- suming that there is 'room' in the Sac- .d College. WILL DOUBLE AIRPLANE SPEED The invention of a turbine motor promisos an airplane speed of 250 miles an hour within a few years, says M. Michelin, president "of the French Aero Club. :'? 23 .f