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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 3, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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April 3, 1920
 

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[. ::,[ f 3 P'II i  (.i 7 71L 1 / PAGE FOUR Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock. 309 WEST SYCOND STREET F.nteted as se.ond-chs i mat'.r March z, s9zi, at the putolce It Little Rock, Ark., under the lu t n| Co.gresa of Mach 3, x879. Subscription Prk,.e, $2.00 the year Change el AddresJ When a change of sddres is do.aired the subscriber should give both the old nd the new address. Correspondence Matter intended for puh|icatioqa in The Guardian should reach us net lattr than Wednemtoy mottling. Brief uewe correspoadence is lways we|come. The "kindness of the clergy in this matter is cordially tppreciatc. l/ay Rev. /.. Stocker, O. S. B., D. D .................. Editor-in-Chic| M.v. Edward A. Flannery ........................ Contribu6ng Editor itev. Geo. H. JklcDermtttt ........................... Managing Editor All communications about "The Guardian" should be addressed to the Rev. Leo, II, McDrmott, 3o9 West Second Street. OFFIC/AL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ o the diocese of Little Rock, ad I ply God that it may be an earnest champion in the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardt defender of tim religion which we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that /ts career may be |oDg and prosperous. ,IJOHN B. MORRIS, , Bishop of Litfle Rock. , ,,L . 16 Little Roc!c, Saturday, April 3, 1920. ALlELUIA ! ALLELUIA ! ALLELUIA ! Easter Sunday, the day the Lord hath made is our day of exultation, provided we have passed IIis Way from the Cross to the Resurrection tomb. A devout Easter confession and Com- munion is necessary if we would exult on East- erday. 0-O EASTER. D Once more 'all the earth is loud with the hynms of resurrection. Nor time nor distance have hushed the voice of tile angels from" the open tomb in the Gardens of Olivet. "lie is " risen" is as distinctly heard and as strongly ./ beheved today aa it was two thousand years ago by the eye witnesses. And yet anfidst the allehfias of this gladsome day our hearts are heavy with a sigh unuttcred. Alas I the world has not yet seen its resurrect- ion. We do ndt now mean that the new life of grace, which Christ wished to germinate from His passion, death and resurrection, is not suf- ficiently in evidence, on earth, though tlmt, too, is a ground for sobering the tumult of rejoi ing. No, the ovoi'whehning thought at present is this, that humanity has not .yet risen from the sepulcher that began to engulf it six years a.,.'o. What, do you thinlc, nlay be the caus, of this inability to rise? Is it not because the germs of death that brought manldnd to the grave are living still? Creed, hatred, lust of powers, unbelief, immorality, heartlessness let these be crucified, and the world *ill he swift to celebrate its Easter. S. O -O TilE FULL TEXT OF TIlE PASTORAL LETTEI. The full text of the Pastoral Let:t,r of the Catholic llierarchy, the outstanding result of the Washington Conf(rcnce held in Sept(.ml)(r. 1919, c(,ml)vises some 25,000 words. The ab- stract of the same, comprising some 5,000 words is what was 1md from the pulpits of our churches on the first Sunday of Lent. ]t i," on this abstract, which contains ttw essential of the docmnent, redigestcd and rearranged that we are carrying on a series of editorial conunents. Perhaps, if 4,e had not starte'l to, early, it would have been more advisable, to ap- ply our elucidations to the full .text. Only wouhl that procedure have involved us in a much mot,' arduous task. At any-rate, we continue now along the line we commenced our work. At the same time we hold the view that the full text is the real thing, by no means to tw thrust out of notice by the abstract. The lat- ter was rather a utilitarian expedient for im- mediate practical Imrposes, viz: to render the publication ()f the mesmlges of the Hierarchy from the pulpit possible at one time. The fir# Catholic paper to publish the full text in (): issue, on four large, closely printed pages o'/ seven columns each, was the Catholic Tribun( of Dubuque, the paper that has every mark of prcdestirmtion to develop into the first Catho lic daily in the English language in the Unite/ States. While calling it again to the attentio, of our readers, we wish it Godsteed and, f) the sake of Catholicity, an early consummati(m of its legitimate ambition. The Guardian is now giving its readers th,' full t(,xt in serial inst'dlments. It is to be feared, however, that few readers will take tlv pains to preserve the copies containing the in salhnents and put them together for future re ferenee. On the other hand, if the doctrines and teachings therein contained are to be as- similated, one reading, done perhaps in a hurry as is generally the case with newspaper articles, will not suffice. And that the contents of the Pastoral are both meant to be assimilated by THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, APRIL 3, 1920. the Catholic people of America and supremely v'orth wllile as tile official expression of th( whol'e body of our episcopate on the probMns of the day, goes without saying. Therefore, we hail with unCollUllon satisfac- tion the appearance of tile l?astoral Letter in the form of a booldet. It has come to us, and to every clergyman, a neat booklet of 80 pages l)rinted in good type on strong paper that will stand the wear and tear of repeated perusal. The National Catholic Welfare Council de- ',erves our thanks for this timely publication. There is indeed, no money-making scheme 1lack ol; jt when tlle booklet can be had for ten cents. and even cheaper wllen bought in lots. TMs is, then, a splendid opportunity for pas- tors to get the Pastoral into every family of their parishes. Catholic reading circles would do well to study it at their meetings. Not only will every seminarian have a copy as a matter el' course, but the students of our aeadenfies and colleges should also have the benefit of its teachings, led into their understanding hy ex- )erienced teachers. It is no other light thin.: tile light of Gosi)el , turned on m(nlern world conditions, that shines forth in the Pastoral. While not an infallible documenmt, the messag- es conle to ns fronl those who lmve been com- missioned to preach the Gospel to every creat- ure and who have been guaranteed the assi:! anee of the Lord to the end of the world. We hope, therefore, that our Reverend con- h'eres will not lightly put this parcel from Washington aside, like so many otller things with which they are flooded through the mails. Here is a real treasure to be prized and to be cast as a leaven anmngst the unformed nlass of nmdern views and opinions, so that the whole lump nmy.be leavened with the sound teachings, ever ancient and ever new, of Christianity. S O-O INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS. VI. That the industrial relations are disturbed in our country ,as in the rest of the world, is a patent fact. The. question is, ltow can peace be restored? The Pastoral speaks of the need ot'a "thorough readjustment." Coercion of la- bor will not answer the purpose, for in the long run, right is str,,)nger than might. Nor has the Catholic Church ever chamt)ioned the cause of capitalisln. Ou the contrary she deems it a pernicious and oppressive system that trmnp- 'es on the rights of both the IM)oring class and tile community at large. She well knows that he social unrest of today is the natural syrup t(mt of a serious nlalady in the social organism. l[owever the cure from the ills of capital- ism is not to I)e found in socialism. That would be falling into the other extreme, exchanging i,ne pathological condition of society for an- (,lher. Those who vainly dream of restoring Ihe lost economic equilihrium through soeial- is:, should pause at the lessons that come from Cueensland, Australia. A writer in the Nex ",'orlc Worht, quoted in Current t:listory of Marcll, page 420, nmkes the following report: ' The experiment of State Socialism enacted on , grand scale in Queensland, one ,of tilt larger states of Australia. has proved a complete fias- re. The state established its own slaughter houses, canteens, fistleries, managed the rail roads and nfines, but lost out in all branches. 'i'll(, ta,,s v/hih used to l)e $5.79 per capita, (,nt m) l]le first year (1916) to $8.68, in 1917 o $9.46, in 1918 to $10.59, in 1919 to $16.20 l)uring the same time Queensland has had more ,trikes than mU other Australjm state, and many of these in the industries under state di vection. Moreover, the cost of living is higher in Queensland'than in the other states." The Cimrch, then, while deprecating' the at)uses of capitalism, staunchly upholds the ri'ht of private property is the consequent leg- itima('y or' capital. "Capital cannot do without lal)or," says the Pastoral. "nor labor withon ,(.apital." -'This mutual dependence should be tile basis for an lmderstanding between them. As lonp' as animosity and mistrust lceep then, *:!)posed to each (ther. so long is there no hope l'or a return of industrial peace. But it stands to reason that what was said iv. a rormer article about the need of.a new bdart imlmed with justice and charity is one of the prime requisites for a conciliation. Capi- tal will tl:en recognize "the right of Labor to a living wage, wit] decent maintenance for the ;)resent mM provision foj" the future." And Labor will c(meede "the right of Capital to a fair (l:'q':; work for a fair day's pay." Still all theory as such is barren. "A king'- dora for a horse," cried Richard III, when his life was i.q peril. We are tempted to cry out: "A king(!om for a ,,tatesman" who has wi*don) enough to frame the laws and devise the meas- :ve:; to make history of the noble aspirations of [l)e great bull: of the American people. As t(" Igichard HI. "his kinz(lom was worth nothing without his life, no all-the mighty resources of this wst landwhat are they worth to the mass of our people as long as tlley are being ground between the upper and lower nfillstones of con- tending Capital and Labor l Yes, the people at large, too, has some rights in America, and they shouhl insist on having them. "ln urging their respective claims,' says the l?astoral, the parties apparently disre gard the fact that the people as a whole have :; l, rior chfim. Tile first ste, p, therefore, toward correcting the evil is to insist that the right', o: tiJe COlnnnmity shall prevail, that law and or(h- shall be preserved, and lhat tile public shall not I)e mad( to suffer while tilt contention gogs on t'rom one mistake to another. Once more: a sense of justice and charity among our people, a spirit of conciliation among the parties, a horror of extremes, a re-appear- ance of statesnmnship and awakening to do- mestic interests in Washington--these, with the help of God, are the things that will bring about a wholesome settlenlent of our industrial rela- tions. ' S O-O , COMING AND GOING. How difficult it is for the Catholic Church to satisfy her critics tlas been borne in upon us anew l)y a recent criticism of Doctor Ryan's lat- est volume: "The Church and Socialism." It need not be emphasized here that one of the most oft-repeated censures directed against us Catholics is that we have our eyes so fixed upon the heavens that we fail to perceive the tilt' and squalor that makes the earth so miserable :, phtce of llabitation. Stressing unduly the obli gation of achieving eternal happiness, we lmve been careless of the means to promote mundane contentment. Schemes for the alle.viation of, humpn misery here below have found the repre sentatives of our faith unresponsive at times they claim, and the charge has been repeate/ not once, but on ninny occasions, that it is use- less to attempt to interest Catholics in the gre, humanitarian plans of world betterment that he engage the aftention of other cults and creeds. Within the .pale we know that all such charges are baseless slanders. Simply beeans, the Church is not willing to aept and give t: sanction of her endorsement to every half-wit. ted suggestion submitted by zealous but ill- trained reformers, she must not be condemne as unsympathetic to all and every scheme o! human alleviation. Were it worth while, sh might adduce figures and appeal to historica  evidence to show that before the present remak ors of the face of the earth were conceived even in thought, she was busy discarding fail- ing methods they now think to be the infallil source of temporal welfare for the race of mar But the rehearsing of well known evidence is r sheer Waste of energy, since those who do w, desire to be fair will distort even history their own biased interpretation. So we past to the other extreme and quote from this crit;, of Dr. Ryan, who, while he concedes that th( learned Catholic economist has quickened tt' soda] consciousness of the Church, were the less questions the right of the ecclesiastical or ;ranization to interfere in matters not apper taining directly to faith and morals. In othe- words he is seemingly grateful that the Church has awalcened to the need of thinking socially, hut he declines to allow that she has any right t(' do so. ]Iere are lfis words: "For one thing', we should decline to concede the. right of the Pope to pronounce on matters that did not enter into the substance of the faith and so to impede the most complete :)n(1 untranlmeled discussion of the prol)lems of the political and social order; and our historic- al experience of the Church, whether Cathol; or Protestant, does not encourage us-to tgk  the view that it holds the final key of social and economic salvation .... Its pronouncenmnts re" or against any particular theory of economi or(ter are neither here nor there." We asked an old professor once what h( considered the main defect in higher education as advocated bv advanced pedagogues, and hi. replied instantly: "A course in logic." Ex plaining', he went on to say, ttmt outside ()t' (:atholic Institutims a proper reasoning faun- dation was not supplied because the ohl schol a,,t,, dialectic nmthods being scorned the mind was not made ready to postulate, distinguish and infer correctly. As a consequence men se themselves up as thinkers and teachers whos, only equipnmnt might be a ready memory, a fa ile pen or a clail to an authority which neither ,ature nor traini,ng fitted them to boast. The critic of Doctor yan might be take as partly illustrative of the contention of th( )ld, professor, ltis historical experience; hi,' infallil)le utterances on what composes the s :an(;e of faith; his demand that lmtrammel," discussion be permitted to all, except, of course i e tloly Father and those who recognize Pup :allegiance ; his pronouncements that must be ac- cepted ag:ainst the pronouncements of where ':tin so,tiM and econonfic order is involved wel ..... it sounds big to hear such phrases echo dow" throu'h critical paragraphs, but how fooli: nn(1 contradictory it all really is; we would nc insult the intelligence of thereader, to point out The poor old Church gets it confing and goin: [f she speaks they smite her : if she is silent the- hold her up toscorn--just like the Master be fore the high priests of his day, the forerm: ners of the highbrows of today. F. QUESTION With a view of flrrnishing in|ormatmn on mints t discipline not touched upon in our head ng artiek we this o}utah to it. These who are seeking iniorrruation qucations early in the week. Why is it said a spirit has no the Bible 'peaks of spirits appe( When an angel appears to . it sume a material body. This body is a part of it, but can be moved by it. see the spirit itself any more than you a thought. Are thc heathen saved? Answer: "Outside the Church salvation," is quite true, but may be misleading; it really means only those wilfully outside the Church, as by by delibt'ately "rejecting the known The, oh)glans and preeminently the lat Plus IX, speak of the Body of the the Soul of the Church. Some are ing in the Soul of the Church, by the Catholic truth they know of, cently and unknowingly out of the Church. How does this apply to the of heathem? Through the mystery infinite mercy. We fall back on that solute certitude, according to St. will have all men to be saved, and to the kllowledge of the truth" (I Tim. ii has ways of imparting saving fdith unknown to men. What merits wilful, deliberate nmrtal sin and as God taught Moses: "I-Ie that again, st Me, him will I strike out of (Exod. xxxii, 33). And so the Catholic teaches her children in the last verse Athanasian Creed, which contains strongest affirmation that "outside thel there is no salvation." That creed h)ws: "They that have done good shall life everlasing; and they that have d into everlasting fire. Tiffs iv the etc." "Sinful Incrcments It seems to me perpetual /lvw of so-called little l,gether at last into mortal "sin confe.:.,:cr chided ,he for saying that. Answer: Your priest is right, of amount of wmial sins will nlake a any more than a succession of little will make a mortal disease. An a eeption is venial sins of theft a considerable sum total. But in tltat failure to make restitution is the and it stands by itseff distinct from thefts, unless indeed the thief whilst d petty pilfering has the intention of a notable sum, or adverts to t. In that a(lvertenc5 and intention make the of vents! sins a chain of mortal guilt. l'u! venia'l sins habitually comnfitted s on(,'s virtue and (leaden one's h(. becolnes perilously disposed to tal sin. The Church is legalistic. Catholics c, about by laws and prelates and instead of beiny h:ft to enjoy the l;bcrly of interprcti'ng lhe Gospel of /tmmselvcs. Has a Catholic any libert lie f? Aswe,r: All that sounds very fine nere religious Bolshevisn. Liberty to is fiendish lil)erty. And liberty to go 0hihlish wilfulness. And it is surel to pi(,k and choose your beliefs just f'onl a b(,(,l., divinely true indeed, bu vinely mysterious. Private inter s(,If-interpretation and notlfing ()n , !;rig t, (l s teaclmlg with soever has himself for his sc lil of a fool--an old and wise saying. \\;Viseman hasrightly defined the, o[" faith as follows:First, a divine having its essential basis in the lul coordinate with the Bible is what as olivine tradition, explaining the completing, its record according to t)eliof. Second, an infallil)le externa.1 crganizod and established by known as the Christian Catholic preserve and expound revelation. -yard gift ot' grace of knowledge he individual Christian, enabling !erst,nd revelation and love it, and he grace of faith. Nov consider m)t your Protestant theory of ation is preferable to this faith--the Bible and the traditional he divinely established Clmrch. and ior light and warmth of the of God--all of which history tells uS tim foundation of Christiafi life from ning. Meantime very many passage ture show when, where and how our stituted this order of divine teaching, His apostles propagated it.