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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 1, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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April 1, 1911

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Page Pour THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY BY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY OF THE 'DIOCESE OF' LITTLE ROCK BUSINESS OFFICE: 315 W. MARKHAM ST., LITTLE ROCK. ARK. RT. REV. J. M. LUCEY,V. G., A.B. WATERMAN, Editor Business Manager SUBSCRIPTION $1.50 THE YEAR SATURDAY, APRIL l, 191 i APPROBATION OF THE BISHOP. Little Rock, Ark., Feast of St, Joseph, 1911. The appearance of the first number of the Southern Guardian marks t,he realization of a hope cherished since my coming ,to the diocese of Little Rock. The need of a Catholic press is so apparent and has been so frequently inssted upon by various members of tile Catholic Hierarchy that I deem i't unnecessary to discuss the matter further at this time. Suffice it o say that in my estimation ,there are few somccs,,- of Catholic instruction and information more fruit- ful of good than .a sterling, well-edited Catholic jour- nal. The foundation of the Southern, which has ,been u,ppermost in my mind for something more than four years, has been made a reality t'hrough the cobperation of the Catholic laymen of the diocese. Without their .aid the hope of a diocesan paper would have been much longer deferred. The suc- eessfifl hunching of file project took pl, ace at the laymen's convention heh] in Li,ttle Rock last May, when it was practically determined that we should have a Catholic newspaper, .and my vicar general, Msgr. Lueey, kindly consented to become its editor. Msgr. Lucey has been priest and pastor in the dio- cese for well-ni, gh forty years, ,and the love and es- teem in which he is held, not only by Catholics, but by persons of all denominations in the State of Ar- kansas, bear ample testi,mony to his zeal and virtue as a priest and high character .as a citizen, ,and his numerous able articles during this period in defense of his religion justify us all in believing .that the paper will be successfully edited. The Sout)hern Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock. and I pray God that it may be an earnest champion in the .cause of right, justice and truth, and an .ardent defender of .the religion wllich we all love so well, whose interest, I hope, will always be safe in its keeping. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hop that its c'areer may be long and prosperous. JOtIN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. IMPORTANT. Passion tide begins ,tomorrow in .all Catholic churches. The crucifixes ,and statutes of the church are shrouded in violet covers, the church's mourning color, lo attest the sympathy of the great Catholic body wi,th Christ in his passion and death, which are now to be commemora.ted. It is the tradionary belief of 'Catholics that the Savior vohmtarily hid himself for a time :before the mighty tragedy .of Calvary. During 'the coming two weeks Catholics are invited to meditate upon the hidden life of Christ, and so pre- pare their souls as to bc able to rise with him in the glorious resurrection of Easter morn. BUCKETS IN BUILDINGS. The great fire which started about 3 ,a. m. last Wednesday in the magnificent $27,000,000 capitol at Albany, N. Y., and destroyed property to .almost lmlf that value, could, it is sated, have been easily put out if there 'had only ,been at hand a bucket .or a fire ex- tinguisher. A clerk of the li'brary going at that early hour to his desk noticed a tiny blaze. 'Ite called the watchman, .and, with two newspaper men, tried in- ffectu'ally o smother it out. Had there been one bucket near .at hand to get water from the many faucets, tile fire could have .been speedily extin- guished. How many homes in Little Rock and how many public buildings have even a single bucket ac- cessib% on the floors of the building, especially the second and third floors? The Confederate reunion, which will be held in Little Rock M:ay ]6. ]7 and 18. promises to be one of the most pleasant affairs of the kind ever cele- brated. The undertMdng which Arkansas has as- stoned is much greater than is ,enerally ,appreciated. but as the ime approaches the State pride of all ollr people is showing itself in untiring activity. A sad fea,ture of this great .occasion is the reflection that this reunion will be he first and last to be held in Arlransas, ,and it is unlikelythat .many more will be held anywhere. FRATERNAL SOCIETIES AND FEASTS OF THE CHURCH. The Aerie of the Fraternal Order of Eagles, Pine Bluff, undertook to celebrate last St. Patrick's Day. Whether the prayer to St. Patrick w, as said and he hynm "Glorious Apostle" Was sung is not known; but the doctrine .of the veneration of saints was no doubt 'accepted, and Catholics are gratified, if this were the ease, hat the dogmas .of the church are meeting with ,a general acceptance. It is well to remind the Eagles and such orders as have a small percentage of Catholics that .the repre- sentative members of the church resent the use of their religious e'asts as a sub.terfuge to make money or to lea'd Catholics who may 'be already weak in the back about their faith into an open violation of church regulations. Balls and dances are forbidden to Catholics in Lent, and St. Patri.ek's Day is no ex- ception: In the cities where there is a large Irish ,and Catholic population a parade is sometimes had, a special 'high mass celebrated, .a literary entertain- ment held at night, and a banquet given, when it is I supposed .that the guests have deferred o then the principal meal of the day. [ Saturday, April 1, 1911 LECTURES fOR NON-CATHOLICS. A glance through the 1911 Directory bored with the Church Triumphant, the shows that there are 17,084 Catholic laltar railing and seats of hardwood, We Are Pleased to Announce to All Our priests in continental United States, Imake the new church one of the most where such things happen. A few years ago an at- Non-Catholic t'riends That a Couxso ]2,650 being secular clergy and 4,434 beautiful buildings in the Southwest. of Doctrinal Lectures Will members of the various religious or- The present congregation rills the new What happened at Pine Bluff might have .been passed over in silence if that were the only place tempt was made to pull off a similar event at Fort Smith, and the best class of Catholics felt outraged. When societies feel a need of making money, they should not make it at the expense of the religion of any church. The Eag'les of Pine Bluff should espe- cially be careful, as it was .only a few years ago when they employed a carnival show company to give ex- hibitions on the streets which were utterly demoral- izing to youth. Portions of the show were so immoral that a lady could not enter there. All our fraternal organizations should have high ideals that would build up eharaeter and not pull it down. In 1905 there were twelve Catholic chaplains in .lhe United States army. Now there are sixteen, with an expected increase to wenty. There are sixty-six haplaineies held by the various Protestant clmrchcs. The War ])epartment is ahnost all ,the ,time short of chaplains, in spite of nmch effort to secure .them. The State press has ,given the Sonthern Guardian a very kind reception, and we hope nothing in the future will arise to do aught ,lint increase Vhis good feeling. The Arkansas G,azette and Arkansas Dem- ocrat, a's well as our German contemporary, the Ar- kansas Echo, all of Little Rock. gave us so nmch flattery that we blush to reprint it ,all. We are nev- ertheless grateful to our elder brethren in the noble profession of newspaper work. .Sir William Butler, a general in khe British army in the Zulu war and a prominen diplomat, retates in his autobiography ,t;hat during' his .stay in Natal, Af- rica, 1875, he met J. A. Froude, who, in the midst of a large company, wanted co know whether he had gone, when a,t Madeira; to see he Portuguese statute of the "Winking Virgin." General Butler replied that he had not done so, having .seen so many .wink- ing virgins in England tha the .sight had ceased to have any novelty for trim. The Rev. P. J. Dowting, C. M., of Sheffield, Eng- land..h'as el.aborated with much care an organization vhieh he styles the International Catholic Defense Union. The object of the proposed union is to unite existing Catholic societies and Catholics generally all over the world in an in'telligent and organized defense .of he 'Catholic faith against its most aggres- sive enemies. The details are not yet worked out, and the Irish bishops to ,whom it 'was especially l presented did not give it an unqualified approval. The Board .of Superintendents of the public schools of New York ,City have recommended t,o ,the Board of Education that "no secret society, secret club ,or secret .oraniza.tion shall he permitted in ,any high I school." The reasons .assigned for so severe ,a meas- ure are that .they regard such societies undemocratic and a means ,o lead to vicious, and because they encourage .secrecy at a period of life, among ad,olescen{s, when secrecy should not be encouraged. The superintendents .also say @let these .organizations are foreign to the true spirit of American schools. The ,business men of Little Rock h.ave endeared Vhcmselves to us by their liberal advertising patron- age in the Southern Guardian. Very little canvass could a)e made,.bnt everywhere wa,s met the warm greeting and well wishing for the success of the paper, which, shows th, at the hearts of the financial mlblic are kind and .generous and ever prompt to help a new enterprise to get on its feet and become another factor in the upbuilding of city .and State. The Southern Guardian will soon enter 5,000 Cath- olic homes in Arkansas, 'and mlr advertising patrons will 'have no reason to regret their kind action. Thirty-six thousand comnmnions is the remarkable record of a three weeks' mission recen,tly .at the Church of St. I, gnatious Loyola, New York City. It is related of Pope Plus X. Vh'at when, in a con- versation with a number of cardinals on the subject of the special needs of the times, he declared Vhat the reatest need was "Catholic laymen." The wisdom of the laity should be united with the wisdom .of the clergy in building up the Mngdom of God on earth. Our Daymen's Convention to be held next month in Little Rock wi'll find a glorious opportunity for the performance of much work which has long been awaiting their hand. The Y. M. C. A. akes an active interest in the life of the soldier when located at posts, and gives a fine example to our If. of C. ,to go and do likewise. There is scarcely an army post of consequence in the Union where the Y. M. C. A. have not a well-equipped estab- lishment. A,t how many posts t'he K. o:f C. or other Catholic organizations have any headquarters or equipmcn is unknown, and perhaps unknowable, be- cause none exist. All this kind of work appears .to be left to Protestant laanen, and Catholic laymen old their arms and look for something to do. A Catholic Laymen's Association can very well look into these kind of thngs. Cardinal Gibbons having made .the statenent that the inhabitants ,of Nurem;berg sent an embassy to the emperor. Charles V., after the Reformation, ask- ing him to restore the Confessional. and he statement b.aving been,called in question, his secretary, Rev. Louis O'Donovan. recently gave the ,authority. In the work .of Domingo Sot.o, a Spanish Dominican and successor of the celebrated Melchior Cane in the faculty of Salamanca. and who died in 1560, he states that while he was in Germany the city of Nu- remberg sent an embassy to the emperor..asking that confession be made ,obligatory by imperial decree, on account of the great increase .o.f crime since its abro- gation. A recent number of th Western Methodist had, in a prominen,t place, an aticle f, rom tbe "Converted Ca,tholic," written by iks editor, styled Roy. James A. O'Connor. If our friends of She Western Meth- odist knew the character of the man and his paper t,hey would probably not hae given any place in their fine organ to sudh raisrepresentaions of a Christian c,hurch, as it is to be presumed they w,ould not be much pleased if ohe Southern Guardian were to pub- lish any.hing written by a man once a minster of th e Metlmdist church, but who 'h,ad 'been expelled from the fold for gross imposture and immorality. This ,man O'Connvr is ,a leader vf .he A. P. A. element n Brooklyn, N. Y., and his paper is the medium through which he belches forth the exudations ,of a disordered and vicious 5rain. Be Given in ST. ANDREW'S CATHEDRAL By THE PAU-LIST PATHERS Sunday, Apr. 2, to Sunday, Apr. 9 1911 (Except Saturday) These lectures will be primarily for non-Catholics, but all Catholics are also invited to attend, and those who come accompan'icd by a mn-Catholie friend will be especially welcomed. The purpose of these lectures is to preseut to earnest-minded souls the claim of the Catholic church to be the one divine teacher wMch can tell them with absolute certainty the entire reve- lation of God. The doctrines of the Catholic church will be explained and ,roved, and the difficulties of our non- Catholic bretlren answered through the question box. We extend a most cordial invitation to all non-Catholics to attend this free lecture course wifich we trust will help :them in understanding the claim of the Catholic. church to be the divine rep- resentative of Jesus Christ the Son of God. Lectures. Sunday, April 2, p. m., "The Divtn. ity of Christ." Monday, April 3, p. m., "Is One Re- ligion as Good as Another?" Tuesday, April 4, p. m., "Can We Find the Church of Christ?" Wednesday, April 5, p. m. "Com- munion, the Sacrament .of Love." Thursday, April 6, p. m., "Oonfes- siou, the Sacrament of Peace." Friday, April 7, p. m., "Marriage and Divorce." Sunday, April 9, a. m., 'The Mean- ing of the Mass." Sunday, April 9, p. m., 'Why I .Am a Catholic." There are also many men and women who have left the churches of their fathers and are living as unbelievers, boasting openly that they are better than church-goers, yet inwardly feel- ing the despair of the soul which is alieri to God and His Christ. Many of these look toward the Cath- olic church as the one hope of human- ity, but their false views of her doc- trines prevent them from studying he claims. They deem her the enemy of reason, progress, liberty and enlight- enment; they tMnk that she is in some way opposed to the Bible; they look upon her as a vast externalism, com- ing between the soul and its God; they are forsooth, scandalized at the wicked lives of some of har members; they ascribe to her many immoral doc- trines and practices. Indeed, so black is the picture often )ainted by those they are taught to respect from childhood, that you cannot blame them for hating the Catholic church. Have you ever re. fleeted that there are calumnies, mis- represntations, falsehoods, prejudices, which a little study will efface for- ever? Rave you ever realized that if your position is historically one of pro. test, it is your bounden duty to know the doctrine of the church against which you protest? Come and liear, then, what the oldest church has to say for herself. Learn her doctrines at first hand. Do not condemn her nheard. If you come in the spirit of Christ, you will find her a groat upholder of the rights of God and man, the one divine teacimr to lead your soul to Christ the Lrd. The Question Box. Questions deposited in the question box at the door of the church will be answered the following evening. Personal Interviews. Those desiring to discuss some par. ticular question with the missionaries may call at the parish recotry 11 to 12 a. m., 7 to 8 p.m. We feel confident that the announce- ment of those lectures will be most gratifying to hundreds of earnest seek- ors after tlm truth. Thesubjects treat- ed are undoubtedly of vital import to every one who desires to know with certainty the teachings of Jesus Christ. We realize that there are ninny good and pure souls wire are seeking for spiritual light and yet know not wtmre to find it. They are disturbed becaus of contradictory teaching all about them; they arc anxious because ttiey have no certainty of the pardon of tlmir sins; they are perplexed because their belief in the Bible is being shat- tered; they are dismayed by the lax views held by so ninny concerning th greatest evils of the day; divorce, race suicide, socialism, indifferentism and unbelief. NEARLY FIFTEEN IYIILLION CATH- OLICS IN THE UNITED STATES. There are 14,61.8,761 Catholics in the United States, according to advance proofs of Wiltzius' 1911 Official Cath- olic Directory. The figure, 14,618,761, shows that there has been a gain of 271,734 over the totals presented a year ago. If the number of Catholics in the Philippines, Porto Rico and the Ha- waiian Islands is added the grand to- tal of Catholics under the stars and s:ripes would be nearly 23,000,000, or, to be exact, 22,886,027. The figures given in the Directory are in no way exaggerated; and al- though the United States Religious Census of 1906 credits the faith with only 12,079,142, the difference can be accounted for, as the Census Bureau deducted 15 per cent for infants and children, counting only communicants" In addition to this the United States government report was nmdo up in 1906, four years ago. The Wiltzius Company uses only the figures received from the Chancery Offices of the various dioceses. ders. Comparing the number of clergy with last year's report it will bo seen that there was a gain of 534. Among the Hierarchy there have been very few deaths during the year, the number of archbishops being twelve since the death of the venerable Philadelphia prelate, and the number of bishops haviag increased from 88 to 97. Quite a number of vacant sees were filled during th year and several auxiliary bishops appointed. That the Catholic Hierarchy and the clergy are active year in and year out can be proven from the figures of Cath- olic churches. According to tie Wilt- zius publication there are in this coun- try 9,017 churches with resident priests and 4,441 mission churches, that is, churches which are supplied from neigh- boring parishes. The grand total of churches is 13,461.' This shows a gain of 257 churches during the past year. Another interesting set of figures found in the Directory show that edu- cation is not neglected. The 1911 Di- rectory gives a list of 4,972 parochial schools with an attendance of 1,270,131. A healtly gain is shown in ho number of school children, last year's school attendance being 1,237,251. In addi- tion to the 4972 paroc:hial schools there are 225 colleges for boys and 696 acad- emies for girls, proving that institu- tions for higher learning are not want- mg among Catholics. There are, fur- thermore, 82 ecclesiastical seminaries with 6,969 aspirants to the priesthood. Including the children in parochial schools, the young men and women in colleges and academies and the or- phants and infants in the 285 asylums, the total number of children being cared for in Catholic institutions amounts to 1,482,699. The twenty-five states in the Union having the largest number of Catholics according to the Directory arc as fol- lows: New York ranks highest with 2,758,171; Pennsylvania is second, hav- ing 1,527,239; Illinois follows in third place with 1,446,400; Massachusetts is foulrth with 1,380,921; Ohio stands fifth, having 694,271; Louisiana boasts of 557,431; the state of Wisconsin has 540,956; Mic.higan, 536,107; :New Jer- sey, 495,000; Missouri, 452,703; Min- nesota, 441,081; California, 391,500; Connecticut, 378,854; Texas, 295,917; Maryland, 260,000; Rhode Island, 251,- 000; Iowa, 242,109; Indiana, 223,978; Kentucky, 347,607; New Mexico, 127,- 000; New Hampshire, 126,034; Maine, 123,547; Nebraska, 122,510; Kansas, 110,108; Colorado, 99,485. The Wiltzius annual also gives a full list of all the Cardinals, and from this llst will be seen that there are at present tweuty vacancies in the Sacred College. The American representative, His Eminence James Cardinal Gibbons, is fifth in rank, having been created Cardinal June 7, 1886. The Catholic Directory gives reports for the Chinese Empire, Japan and Brazil, showing the great strides being made in those countries. The Philip- pine section has also been revised with great cdre and the four new dioceses and one prefecture in our island pos- sessions will appear in the forthcom- ing Directory. The 1911 edition will be ready for distribution within a few weeks. CHURCH OP THE IiVINIACUI.TE CONCEPTION, Port Smith, Ark.--Its Rectory, School, Convent and Hospital. On visiting Fort Smith for the first time, the stranger always marvels at the beautiful buildings ]mt occupy the whole block at the head of Garrison avenue, and he is truthfully told that the noble .group of five massive brick structures is a monument to the labor and zeal of the Catholic church in this city for more than half u century. Thirteen years ago a little frame church 'stood at the head of Garrison avenue. Sundays and feast days its caImcity was .taxed by u congregation that overflowed the vestibule and porch. Here, year after year, Father Law- rcnco Smythc ministered to the spirit. ual wants of his people. Grandfathers fathers and sons he loved alike as his children. The need of a larger building was becoming more and more urgent, wben one terrible night in January, 1898, a. cyclone struck the city of :Fort Smith demolishing many business houses and homes and destroying hundreds of lives. The little church standing in its path was whirled nearly over and rendered almost useless. One strange feature of that awful night as that the young girls sleeping in the dormitory of St. .Anne's Academy and the sisters in their convent home lay unharmed through the terrible storm, that dealt death aud destruction all around them. When morning dawned .and Father Smytb saw the wrecked church he said that while he had lived ad been fully satisfied with the old church, he now believed that it ws God's will a new one should bo built. Then be and his congregation went to work and with the assistance of the great and good Bishop Fitzgerald a $50,000.00 edifice arose on the fair site where the old church .ad stood and by the time it was finished it as out of debt. During the last three years, with Bislmp lforris at the head' Of the die- ceso, and under the upervision and artistic eye of our present pastor, Roy. Dr. Horan, $8,000.00 ,as been spent on the interior of the new church. Dome and 'walls were decorated with the exquisite hnd painting of an Ital- tan artist; this with the marble h.ffh altar and the side altars, donated by somstirae members of the congregation, the fine pipe organ, the laptistry, the memorial wlndow, that always bring a tender menory of those now num. churcli, and among the worshipers arc many men nd women of the highest intelligence; leaders in the profession- el, business and social life of Fort Smith. All arc good, God-fearing, Christian people. On the left of the church is St. Anne's Academy, now ejoying one of the" most prosperous years in the half century of its existence. The presert fine building was erected in 1903 at cost of $40,000.00. Its faculty nu bers 14, and the pupils in its high school and grades number 320, 56 of whom arc boarders. The Convent of Mercy, whezo tim teachers make their home, was erected in 1906 at a cost of $50,000.00. ]t s,helters t.wenty-eight members of the order. St. Edward's Infirmary, built in 1905 at a cost of $32,000.00, is really the old frame con- vent homo of the isters remodeled into a beautiful, modern hospital. It is now a graceful veneered brick build- ing, whoso wide porches are supported by Corinthian columns. It stands in the center of a wide-spreading velvety lawn. The infirmary contains thirty beds. Its nursing 'corps comprises four sisters and seven secular nurses. Soon after the dedication of the infirmary, at the invitation of the Sisters, a number of women organized themselves into St. Edward's Guild. Its work is to assist the Sisters in the hospital, and a noble aid it has given. At pres- ent the Guild hn 175 associate and 25 active members. Its officers arc: President, Mrs. W. R. Abbott; vice president, Mrs. Willam Kelley; record- ing secretary, rs. P. O'Shca; corre- sponding secretary, Mrs. alker Halli- burton; press corespondent, :Miss Ada IIito; 'house committee, lesdames Mary Carter and am Harper. bust across Little Rock avenue, south, is the church rectory, a commodious brick structure, and still soubh of that is the Catholic hall. The latter is the old church moved from its former site. The following societies add to he spiritual .and social life of the congre- gation. Knights of Columbus, Council No. 996. A flourishing orgauization, whose of- ricers are as follows: Grand Knight--Chas. H. Ivers. Deputy Grand Knigh--Chas. E. Bres- lin. Financial Secretary--os. Steisberg Jr. Recorder--Henry G. Altmiller. Treasurer--W. J. Carter. Warden--Anthony Grove. Chancellor--Lawrence Keating. Advocate--John Vaughn. Financial Seeretary--B. J. Dunn. Recorder--John G. Mdden. Catholic Knihts. Presiden--B. J. Dunn. Vie President--John A. loore. Financial SecretaryM. P. Boyd. Recordin.g Secretary--Henry Kuper, 'r. Ancient Order Hibernians. President--John Vaughn. Vice President--John A. Moore. Financial Secretary--R. E. lrizoll. Recording Secretary--James P. Coul. ter. Division President--Henry Hineh. The last two are among he oldest associations in the congrega.tion. Mtar Society. This society has formed the pastor's Old Guard" for more than forty years. Its charter members, most of them are now listening to the music of .the angelic choirs. At present it h,ds a membership of 110. Its officers arm President--Mrs. F. T. Reynolds. Vice President--Mrs. P. E. lVrcShane. Secretary--Miss Emma Botto. Treasurer--Mrs. Alex Williams. League of the Sacred Heart. This society was established in 1892. Number of associates, 700; dead asso. elates, 103; promoters, 37. President--. P. Boyd. Vice President--Mrs. Annie :feSh.ane. Secretary--Miss Anna Hire. Tr easurer--Miss Letitia. First Friday is a day of great devo- tion in .our parish. It begins with mass, at which the rails are crowded many times with :communicants. Nu- merous visits to Blessed Sacrament dur- in tim day, ends with Holy Hour nd Benediction. Attached to the :League is the Read- iug Circle. This is composed of a band of worsen who this year are much in.terested in Catholic literature, music and biography. The two last assoeia. ;ions were organized by liss Anna Hire, with the approval of Roy. :L. Smyth. The officers are: President--Miss Anna Rite. First Vice Presidentiiss Emma Botto. Second Vice President--Mrs. B. J. Dunn. Secretary-Troasurerrs. Hannon. Holy l'ame. This society is composed of boys, who pledge ,themselves .against swearing or any species of profanity. It is al- ready doing great good, though very recently organized by Dr. Horan. , Its officers are: President--Ed Wioman. Vice President--Robert Dansby. Secretary--Ed lcBride. Areasurer--Dan Harrington. gergeant-at-ArmSRobert Templeton. ton. It has a membership of twenty-five. Ada A. Hire. (Or Is It ,,The Easiest Way?") The woman across the hall from us is dead. How did you find that out ' "Why, I happened to see it in the paper. ' ,---Life. Send us in a bunch of subcripta  ut once--including your own. ,. $