Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
April 1, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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April 1, 1911
 

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Two Heroism of Arkansas Sisters of Mercy During Civil War .y Rt. Rev. J. While describing the work of the noble and patriotic women of the South during the long and heroic period of four years of Civil War, something would be lacking if we should fail to mention in approl]riate terms the good deeds of the Sisters of Mercy. It hap- pened, at the time mentioned, that they were the only Catholic sisterhood in Arkansas, and that their houses at Little Rock, Fort Smith and Helena, though they wore strictly literary acad- emies, and though the sisters were trained as teachers only, were freely opened out to the needs of the sick and w.o_nded soldiers, and the services of th'5 sisters given as circumstances demanded. Some of the papers printed will no doubt furnish many interesting details of hospital work at Little Rock, Fort Smith and Helena; and from them some idea may be formed of the op- portunities afforded t othe Sisters of iercy to carry into effect their ardent desires. Their visits to the local hos- pitals in charge of the ladies' associa- tions were highly appreciated by the patients and the officers in charge. Their Work in Little Rock. The namber of sick and wounded sol- diers was greater in Little Rock from the beginning of the war than in any] other city of the state. In 1863 here was a notable increase, so that the ordinary Confederate army hospitals were overcrowded. The Sisters of Mercy of St. Mary's Academy fitted up one of their own buildings and re- ceived as many as could possibly be al- lowed entrance. The death rate was great, two or three dying daily. Ev- erything possible for the amelioration of suffering was done. After the cap- ture of the city by General Steele, Sep- tember 10, 1863, the position of the Sisters became almost unbearable, on aeeount of rude behavior of Federal officers and soldiers, who resented the kind treatmen which the Sisters of Mercy were giving to the Confederate sick and wounded. Many years after- ward Roy. N[other A1phonsus said to the writer: "We took care of the Confed- erates and the ederals took care of US.'' The retreat of Gen. Sterling Price from his raid in Missouri i Septem- ber of 1864 also brought many a poor soldier to the care of the Sisters of Mercy. His troops suffered terribly from cold, sickness and exposure. The indefatigable efforts of the Sisters to soothe at least the dying agonies of their patients made a profound impres- sion, and several soldiers embraced the 0athelic faith, as much perhaps as a testimonial of gratitude to their holy nurses as a conviction of religious truth. Very Roy. Patrick O'Rcil]y (Father Pat), V. G.. from .Tune, 1862, to February, 1867, administrator of the diocese, was the pastor of gt. An. drew's Cathedral, then the only Cath- olic church in the city. The following Sisters were members of the community of St. Mary's Acad- emy, Little Rock, Ark., in the period of the Civil War: Mother Alphonsus, Sister M. Xavier. Sister . Agnes, Sister M. Stnnislaus, Sister M. •incent, Sister Rose, Sister Mary and Sister Michael. St. Anne's at Per% Smith. St. Anne's Academy was located by the Sisters of Mercy, 1851, in the old army headquarters of General Zachary Taylor, just outside the city limits of those times, on an elevated and beauti- ful site. Their boarding pupils came from the borders of Texas, Indian Ter- ritory and several counties in Arkan- sas. The day pupils from the town and surrounding country homes combined with the boarders to make what was called in those times a large school. The Civil war frightened away the boarders, and in the later stages of it the greaer number of day scholars, al- so, as parents were chary of risking the absence of their little ones from home. Their fear was all the more in- tense from the fact that the Indians just across the river Were divided into tWO hostile camps, those under Stand Watie were faithful to the Confederacy, while $hose under Opotheohola fought for the Union. In 1864, John Harring- ton, a very worthy citlzen, was mur- dered and scalped by the Indians with- in three miles of Fort Smith. Another circumstance should be men- tioned, not merely that the position of the Sisters of Mercy may be better understood, but also that the noble sac. rifices of the women of Fort gmith and the state may be properly estimated. To give the little delicacies t6 the sick and wounded, generally called for per- sonal privations. It is related that a woman in Richmond, Ya.,.in the last year of the war, when scarcely a cup of tea or coffee could 'be had for love or money, was entertaining Gem Robt. E. Lee. He came to her house fagged and worn out, to rest an hour or two. She knew his love for a good cup of tea. It happened that there was barely enough to make two caps of tea. She gave :Gem Lee one, and, having deftly fllled;:her own cup with colored water, prevailed on him to take the second cup, which revived his exhausted strength in a wonderful manner. She knew well enough that ,had he know the facts he would not have taken the second cup. This is a specimen of the work of Southern women." Hundreds of insCanee could be given. In those early days there were no railroads, Largo side.wheel steam- the waters of the &- M. Lucey, V. G. ter 1861. except as army transports. Some effort was made to obviate the necessity of distant supplies, by home manufacture of leather, salt, bread- stuffs and such necessaries, and by the raising of chickens and hogs for meat. ,All the grains that could be procured, barley, wheat, corn and also sweet po- tatoes, were used to obtain a substitute for coffee. But time and trouble ren- dered almost every substitute a costly and sometimes a dangerous affair for the noble women who visited the hos- pitals. ' In fitting out the soldiers for the campaign of Oak tIill, Elk IIorn and Prairie Grove one article was generally a roll of lint bandage for wounds which every soldier was expected to receive. While some of the soldiers, for reasons best known to themselves, preferred the articles that came from the hands of speeial young ladies, many othm's thonght there was some virtue in the rolls of lint that came from the con- vent, especially as those contained an inside package of needle and thread. The time had arrived all too soon wtmn the war put on its most serious aspect. Wheu the gay youth and con- fident soldiers, returning from a cam- paign, .appeared with only the sere. blanco of a uniform. Many were mere boys, and when they appeared before the Sistm's of Mercy wrapped in tatters and rags, without shoes and with only a show of a hat, the sight was enough to alone any woman's heart. The barn and other 'habitable outhouses of the convent were utilized as sanitariums, while food and clothing were being prepared. In a week or two these sol- diers would feel strong eaough to join their command, but the rustic sanitari- um seemed always to be well patron- ize.d. The soldiers who wore thus ben- efited were frequently reminded of their own homes and the womanly influences which soften t-he stronger ways of men, had been so long absent from .the lives of the soldiers that one or iwo weeks spent in the company of tke Sisters of Mercy seemed to restore the equilib- rium of their existence. Aided Wounded of Both Armies. The day of the battle of Fort Smith, August 24, 1864, hen General Cooper attempted to drive the Federal com- mander, General Curtis, from the town, brought great excitement to the con- vent. A guard of soldiers had been sent in the morning to all ,the churches and as the'men came out they were marched out to the trenches and put to work throwing up fortifications. In the abtacking army of Confederates were many of the sons and relations of the men working that Sunday on Federal fortifications. General Cooper was repulsed. Then the work of the Sisters of Mercy began in earnest for the care of the wounded. While their personal sympathies were nturally in favor of the South, their vows of re. ligion led them to treat with every pos- Sible kindness the Federal sick and wounded. The Confederates held Fort Smith until ]863, when General Blunt captured it without a battle, outflank- ing with a superior force General W. L. Cabe]]. Wh,at the Sisters of Mercy had (lone under Confederate occupa- tion. they continued to do under Fed- eral rule. It is well to state that nei- ther Confederate nor Federal soldiers ever offered any indignity to the Sisters of Mercy in any part of the state. An occasional guard of soldiers would be sent to protect their property. At Lit- tie Rock General Steele maintained a guard at the convent for seventeen months, Giant Trooper Causes Panic. The convent of :Fort Smith was sit- uated in a beautiful grove and only separated by a roadway from the larger grove where the church and pastor's house were located. The Confederate army had always respected the rights of church and sisters, so that the groves had not been used for a camp ground. Quantrell, the noted guerilla chieftain, arrived in Fort Smith in ]863 with a squadron of 200 cavalry. The men wore the regulation blue of the Union army, heavy overcoats, hats and boots. As they generally captured a Federal train every month or two, their dress was spic and span. As for arms, they were literally loaded with them. A rifle was shrug over the shoul- der, a heavy navy revolver was belted on either side, a good-sizbd knife showed itself, and a sabre completed the accoutrement. They pitched camp in the grove opposite the convent and within a few minutes one of the troop- ers stood in the doorway of the school. The boys and gifts had studied myth- elegy and had road about giants, so that when they looked up from their books and caught sight of Quantrell's trooper he seemed to be at least ten feet high, and with overcoat enough to carry them all away. They sprang through the windows in every direction and made their way to the town, where they reported that Quantrcll's men were pillaging the convent. A prominent Catholic of the town, father of the writer of this paper, who knew Qun. troll, hailed him as he was riding by and told him the news. Quantrell said that such an affair was not his style of business and immediately dispatched l an officer to look into the matter. The I ]trooped in coming to the school wanted [merely a chunk of burning wood tel /sart the camp fire. Matches mere too / /precious to be used except in cases of #extreme necessity. Quantrell was a| ! mild-mannered man in his intercourse up as far as Fort Smith. with people. His medium height add s were accustomed to get I fair complexion, with reddish h,air and I lye months  supplies at a time, and/beard, would not indicate the extract-I citizen was expected to act de./dinary bravery which he exhibited i I Steamboats ceased to run af. time of battle, nor anything of thatl THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN Saturday, April 1, 1911 terrible retaliation which followed the ;raordinary outrages which he and of his men had endured in Kan- Missouri. everend Lawrence Smythe, V. F., was the pastor at Fort Smith from ].861 to the end of t!m war. The follow- ing Sisters were members of the com- nmnity of St. Anne's Academy from 1861 to 1865: Sisters M. Baptist, John, agdalene, •incentia and De Sales. The Work in Helena, The Sisters of lVIercy had acquired in the' late fifties the beautiful resi- dence of the Biscoo family, adjoining that of Generul IIindman and General Cleburne, for their convent and school. Roy. Philip Shanahan was the pastor. R t. Rev. Andrew Byrne, the first Cath- olic bishop of A.rkansas, died there June 18, 1862. The hospital work of the Sisters was much the same iu Helena as in ICort Snfith and Little Rock. It was sub- jected to much ]regularity on account of the delay in establishing any gen- eral system of hospital work. The nledical staff was at all times less in nunibers and in suitable equipment than oven necessity required. This is why the ladies of the different cities and the Sisters of Mercy were ahnsot always thrown upon their own individ- ual resources. This will also exphfin why few exact reports can be made of much of the work. It is said that disease ' kills more soldiers than battles. Helena was at all times a military center and the hos. pitals never c]osei their doors. When General Holmes made a furious attack on ttclena July 4. 1863. then held by General Curtis, the Union commander, the Sisters of Mercy from tlmir ele- vated convent were able to see the bat. tlo raging in all its fury. They saw the standard-bearer in an advanced po- sition fall to the ground, trailing the banner of tlm South, and, in spite of their prayers, they saw victory go down with the stars and bars. "Where before the altar hung The proud banner, which with prayer Had been consecrated there; And the nuns' sweet hymns were heard the whi] e, Sung low in the dim mysterious aisle." The repulse of General Holmes is said to have weighed heavily on his mind for several years. He was sure of vic- tory and looked on his plans as perfect. Within a few hours after the close of the battle the Sisters of Mercy turned their St. Catherine's Academy into both a morgue and a hospital. They helped to coffin many a poor soldier, if a rough box could be styled a coffin. The wounded in all stages of suffering demanded immediate attention. Those only who have visited a battlefield af- ter an engagmnent can un.derstand what the good ladies of Helena and the gis- ters of Zercy were obliged to endure in the performance of hospital work. In conclusion i,t may be truly said that as great as the work of. the women of the South was in the tumult of war, a large share of the responsibilities consequent of the result of the long contest fell to them in the care of the widow and orphan. The Confederacy was filled with children without father or mother and it is well known to those who are familiar with the life of the institutions under charge of the Sisters of :ercy that many a child was reared to a high and happy career through their noble charity. WOMAN SU'PRAGE. Who is the first recorded woman suffragist of Amerlca? A Transatlan- tic contemporary has discovered her in Iargaret :Brent, a name of highest honor in the annals of Catholic Mary- h,,d. The Brents were conspicuous among the Catholic "Pilgrim Fathers.' ' who founded for themselves and for the persecuted of other faiths, a land of m, nctuary--laryland. A kinswoman of the Calverts. lYlargaret Brent herself emigrated from England in ]638; and her brother Giles was acting governor of the colony in 1643, while Governor Leonmrd Oa'lvert went to England. Mar- aret was Calvert's trusted counsellor. and he made her. on his death-bed, his sole executor. Tn this position, the safety of the colony was several times iu her hands, for she pacified the mu- tlt,onv soldiers, whose dmnands the new governor was unable to meet. In 1647 he claimed a vote in the General As- sembly as the late governor's attorney, and "protested against all proceedings therein" unless her claim was allowed. She was unsuccessful; though the as- sembly, perhaps ill at ease in con- seance, recorded their appreciation of ] ter services on several subsequent oc- casions. Th]:; valiant woman's family has its] representatives among Maryland Cath- I olics to this day; and Robert and Wil- i into Yrent married each a sister of] One Catholic Paper at Least for Every Catholic John Carroll, first bishop of Baltimore and father of the United States Hier- archy. The link with England has not rusted with the lapse of time. One of the younff.er generation is a devoted nun in our Dominion of Canada. The name of another sig]e,1 a letter appearing only the other week in our own eorre- spondence eolumns.Londom Tablet. Patronize Southern Guardian Adver- tisers. PBBBT.BS. Figg--Don't you wish you could llve your life over again? Foggy-Well. I shonld say notl I've got a twenty.year endowment policy maturing this month.--Boston Tran- script. From that excellent family jonrnal, the Evanston News, we glean a want advertisement that carries this strong appeal: "German lady wants washing and cleaning, irs. , , N[aple ave- I nue."Ohieago Post. Send us in a bunch of subcriptions I at onee---incl.uding your own. Family The Battlecry o[ Rt. Rev. Bishop Alerding, of Ft. Wayne, Ind., in a Notable Sermon Patronage Widely Disproportioned to Population--Some Patrons of the Press--Prophecy Fulfilled--An Absolute Necessity--A Maker of Converts--Workers .Warmly Defended. From "Church '-Progress" '1'he studious atteution of the Cath- defensive and offensive weapon of olic laity is called to the timely and loyal and sincere Caxnolic press." forceful sermon of Rt. Rev. Bishop In proportion to he number of Cath- olics in the United States alone it was shown that the Catholic newspaper ,by no means enjoys the patronage and Alerding, of Fort Wayne, Ind., which appears on the .third page of the pres- ent issue. It is not only deserving of careful reading, but also of gen- eral discussion, especially in the halls of our Catholic fraternal organiza- tions. It ought to find the widest possible circulation. The Catholic press, and its corps of tireless workers throughout the coun- try, feel deeply grateful to the Bishop of Fort Wayne for his words of ex- ,hotter]on, conpliment ,and encour* agement. For the benefit oI those who do not know, we take occasion to say that he speaks, not only as one who wishes to lend the influence of his high office, but also as one who has done much in a substantial way to furlher tim cause which he so elo- quently and enthlsiastically advo- cates. Bishop Alerding long ago dmnonstrated his conviction in the necessity of the Catholic paper by be- confing a stockholder in the Catho- lic Publishing Company, publisher of The Church Progress. He is no stranger, therefore, to the work, to the conditions and to the necessity of the Catholic paper. Neither is he unfamiliar with its relation to the Catholic home. He has proved his interest in even stronger things than words. Ito speaks, consequently, as an authority. And how accurately he speaks the builders of the Catho- lic American press, those who have put their money into the cause know only too wefl. Aptly does h6 say to the Catholic people that Catholic papers reflect the upport that the Catholic people give them. This is a truism. Truly does he intimate that the lack of loyalty is not a monopoly of the peo- ple. "Given the opportunity the Catho- lic pres will make converts," is an- other expression of the Bishop's, which any Catholic editor of extended experience will verify. Several such have come within our own knowledge. The statement brings a local case prom- ]neatly to mind. In this instance the husband and ,fatthor was a non-Catholic of easy going ways for many years of the marriage. The wife and mother was strict in the performance of her relig- ious duties. The children were hay. ing the benefits of the ante-nuptial promises. For her own pleasure and profit, as well as to aid them, she took The Church ]-'regress into the homo. Later on, a change, for some rea- sons. came over the husband, and he became an objector to everything Oath. ohc. He wanted the paper excluded from the home, but the wife was firm, beyond change, in the matter of its coming. Eventually he gave way. Dur- ing a spell of sickness he became so reconciled to the paper that he even ,h.igued to kill time by reading it. Timt was his undoing. The things that he read excited his interest. Interest led to investigation. Investigation. led him into the church and that home, through the medium of a Catholic pa- per, experienced a happiness it never knew before and a happiness that has continued ever since. "Today the printing press sends forth the educators of the world. It is the book and magazine, the paper, 1,artieularly the daily paper, that cre- ates public opinion. We know, we have felt the mighty power of printers' ink. ' ' "For every Catholic the Catholic paper becomes an almost absolute ne- cessity. It is his helpful and supple- mentary teacher in all that pertains to his holy religion." These two statements embodied in an eloquent and thoughtful sermon de- livered by Rt. Rev. Bishop Alerding, two Sundays ago, concisely indicate the power of the press and the import of the Catholic paper. The prelate speke at the Solemn High Mass at the Cathedral of the Immaculate Concep- tion, Fort Wayne. Ind.. and was heard with intense interest by a largo eou- grcgation. After commenting upon the tremen- dous productivity of the press, the cir- culation of printed matter, in every civilized country of the world, the debt of gratitude the generations ()we the monks for the preservation of lit- erary productions of antiquity, the speaker proved that today it is the printed word that edcate,s human civi'lized intelligence Examples were cited showing that in the commercial, the political, the religious world, the power of the press is recognized, and the extensive out- pui of printed matter regarded as un- deniably one of the greatest means of reaching humanity. It was shown, however, that in order to eradicate the effects of pernicious literature, to uproot evil and supplant it by good, to wage a suecessfu combat against godliness and unbeliaf, evils rampant in this twentieth century, there must be we]ded as Plus X has said, the] support that it should. Earnest. and sincere was the plea of the versatile prelate for a greater recognition of the importance and necessity of the Catholic paper. That interest therein should receive substantial expression in the increase of subscriptions was also indicated. Bishop Alcrding spoke in brief as follows: "If. today, some one were to receive a single copy of every book, magazine, paper, pamphlet and minor publication, issuin from the printing press wthin twenty-four hours it would take a spacious freight car to deliver them. Conclude from this what an enormous quantity of white paper passes throt/gh the printing press every day and night. Every business, art, science, profession, labor interest, trade, educatioual, po- litlcal and religious concern has its own publications in every civilized country of the world. "The printing press is less than 400 years old. Prior to that printing was a laborious task. Ad before any printing was done, the faithful, much- maligned monks preserved for use the literary productions of antiquity by copying them. "Today the printing press sends forth the educators of the world. It is the book and magazine, the paper, particularly the daily paper, that cre- ates public opinion. We know we have felt the mighty power of printera' ink. "Our blessed Lord said to His apos- tles, 'Go ye into the whole world and preach the gospel to every creature]' This message to the apostles has a different application from what it had 400 years ago. Then it was the spoken word, today it is the printed word that educates human civilized intelligence. "Hear what the great Pontiff Pius X has to say on this subject: 'The characteristic feature of our age is, that for everything connected with manners of life and thought, the ordi- nary source of inspiration is the wide- ly circulated daily newspaper. To remedy, therefore, the evils of our (lay, we nmst make use of the means best suited to its customs. With this in view, let us meet writings with writings; errors wherever propagated by truth; the poison of evll readlng by the antidote of wholesome reading; the bad newspaper whoso pernicious influence is daily producing its effect by the good newspaper. To neglect the employment of such methods means to condemn oneself to exert no influ- ence w.hatever over the people, and to utterly fail to grasp the spirit of the times; while on the contrary, he alone proves himself a discriminating judge of the nods of his time who, to impart truth in souls and make it reach the greatest number of people. knows how to make skillful, zealous and unremitting use of the daily press. Neither the faithful nor the clergy make ]se of the press as they should. Sometimes people say that the press is an innovation, and that souls used to be saved without newspapers. They do not bear in mind that in for- mcr times the poison f the bad press was not spread everywhere, and that, therefore, the antidote was not so nec- essary. In vain will you build church- es, give missions, found Schools--all your works will be destroyed, all your efforts fruitless, if you are not able re wield the defensive, and offensive weapon of a loyal and sincere Catholic pressl ' "A sect known as the Seventh Day Adventists have a publication called Signs of the Times spread broadcast. What is their purpose? To bring back the old practice of keeping holy Sat- urday, not Sunday. "Christian Science is only about twenty-five years old. lt today claims a million adherents. It teaches, the absurdity that ,,rotter has no exist- ence, that there is no .su,'h thing as sin. that Christ is not God. It pub- lishes and spreads a constant stream of paml)hlets, leaflets, papers, and pe- riodicals. It has a daily paper, the Christian Science Monitor. "Socialism a generation ago was not known ill this country Today the So- cialists have a million votes. They have two daily papers, 100 weeklies and monthlies and a stream of pam- phlets. These are but three examples, and the list could be increased indefi- nitely to show pinters' ink is appre- ciated. "The true value of arts and sci- ences, professions and trades, business and polities and the rest of human endeavors set over against the teach- ing and promulgation of the soul-sav- ing doctrines and moral code of the great Church of God dwindle away into utter insignificance. "The Catholic press placed over against that avalanche of daily, un- spiritual and secular publications dwindles away into utter significance and you must eonlude that no utter proportion whatever the great mission of the church and the power of the Catholic press. I "A few examples: It is stated that a certain city has in it 400 Catimlie families, but that just twelve Catholic papers come into that town. Of an- other city with 600 Catholic families it is said that just eighteen Catholic papers con'm to that city. It is said, tee, that the Catholic religion in those two cities is ahnost bankrupt, made up of ought-to-be's and use-to-be's. "The ])resident of the St. •incent de Paul conference in France thirty years ago prophesied that unless the :French people took greater interest in the Catholic press, some wold live to see the Catholic churches and establish- nmnts bodily confiscated. The proph- ecy has come true. Three hundred million dollars' worth of church prop- erty has been swept away by a single enactment of law. "A short time ago the Cardinal- Archbishop of France affirmed that if one-tenth of the money spent on churches and religious institutions had been devoted to the development and support of Catholic papers, this prop- erty would not have been confiscated. "If you want to ascertain the vi- tality of the church in any country, you have only to inquire into the strength of the Catholic press in that country. Looking at the church in the United States, we find from sta- tistics that two out of every three Catholic families in the United States do not subscribe for a Catholic paper. From it you may ,udge as to the pres- ent standing and the future outlook. Will the prophecy of that president in France hold good for this country? Could what that archbishop asserts about France be applied to this coun- try, that it were better for us that we had spent some of the many mil- lions of dollars invested in church property on our Catholic press? "For every Catholic the Catholic pa- per becomes an almost absolute neces. sity. It is his helpful and supplemen- tary teacher in all that appertains to his holy religion. It informs him as to the doctrines of the church, and does it in a proper way. It meets the objections persistently made by the enemies of the church, be they heretics or infidels. It acquaints him with the moral law; tells him what his duties are. It makes clear to him man's ob- ligation toward God, himself and his fellow-man. It explains to him the beautiful ceremonial of the church. It tells him of the practices and customs of the church. It brings home to him the various devotions commended by the church. It speaks to him of the educational work of the church at home !and abroad; of the missionary work :in foreign countries. It familiarizes him with the history of the church, her struggles, defeats and victories in every land, ancient and modern. It relates to him what is being done in foreign and home parishes. It estab- lishes a bond of union be;ween him- self and tim Holy Father of the Eter- nal City, the hierarchy and his fellow- Catholics everywhere. It offsets the evil influences of the irreligious, im- moral, money-grabbing " press around him. It presents him with sound, nfiscellaneous literature. In a word, the Catholic paper makes its readers thoroughly Catholic and keeps them such. Surely it is fatal for a Catholic to ignore the Catholic paper. "The second greatest cmmandment is to 'love your neighbor as yourself.' You love your owa soul--for 'what doth it profit a man if he gain the whole world, and suffer the loss of his own soul?' Now, this saving love of your own soul should also embrace a great desire to benefit spiritually and save the souls of others. Here comes in the apostolate of the Catholic press, about which I am afraid some know very little. "Given the opportunity, the Cath- olic press will make converts. It rests with you to give the Catholic press that opportunity. "It is related of a certain large par- ish that it has every year hundreds of converts. The pastor of that par- ish has for years distributed books, magazines, pamphlets, leaflets, and so forth, broadcast. In some cases he has subscribed for Catholic papers and had them sent to non-Catholic friends. His parishioners have learned from their pastor. They are with him in mind and heart and, like him, are con- vert-makers. If such a spirit were universal with Catholics, the world would ,lot long resist, but would flock to mother church in wonderful num- bers everywhere. "How to go about this convert- making is not difficult to understand. Above all the Catholic must edify his non-Catholic neighbor by his good, up- right, exemplary life. Then he must use the opportunities that constantly present themselves,:  A little tact, kindness, good willi]must suggest the method to b aaopte. "The Ca{belie pris with its many differ cut: : publicaiowill prove a ' ency f0r]making converts. eeenial--earnest, per- see us that to two- thi population the quantity. The quite often: 'The Cat ' Our Cath- olic are all that )coted. If some ,.of they shouldbe it i not the means to ] If our Catholic rt which the see- ulm would be as gee be unreasonable. per: know the labor of ic weekly 'paper. this task has or ree- d. Frequently he oxistencb and of three or for his , pape i 7