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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 31, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 31, 1923

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of NOTE Dempsey, Church in St. Day, was pre- .purse of $5,800 by a of his friends and business was made High Mass and dur- by Father Demp- twenty-fifth amfi- charge of St. Judge Daniel G. of the committee, as a slight "felt by the for his labors the parish and Father Dempsey the sum given wipe out the debt men and his and expressed that of his people. Glennon was Mass, Righ ,; Tannrath being the was preached J. Kilbur, who praised the people through with a tribute Dempsey for his the poor. Leslie, Cockran writ- L Independent/' says: hall in Ameri- that great voice? or religious by the golden the keen and Of his burning to the Popes, of American prouder still. The Port Washington he wished most But a long gen- away before the and memory and the brightness die or grow dim beings. May he FEATURE C. U. MUSEUM Service) ,Mar. 28.--Reph- of every religious in the world most interesting at the Cath- Americaj ff plans now being ear- Rev. Dr. Romanus museum, are now a coection dolls dressed in orders mde to every send a dressed the dolls in the .which includes for established are gifts of of Bastia, Cor- er uniform size, xtee: l inches. kTEI) BY FOCH 2LL-Msgr. Schoep- and Tarbes, a Knight of the in the last week, receiving the the hands of is' one of his old- held in the eneralissimo, in a few intimate insignia Foch tirring address in the valuable ser- was reward- rarbes: NEW mn SCHOOL cs of this of having erected m a year, will school in the on the High School, building will one of the in the city. and the will be The Irish have charge will be corn- ON PRESS Bel- Town Hall next the auspices of His subject in the Modern PAPAL DELEGATE ON FIRST VISIT TO CHAPEL CAR (ByN. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, I). C.. March 26.-- America's most distinctive contribu- tion to modern )mssionary enterprise was given its first introduction to the Most Roy. Pierre Funmsoni-Bionti, Apostolic Delegate to the United States, last week in the nation's capi- tal, when the Delegate inspected the d chal)e] car "St. Paul." which is now touring tile East and South. The l)elegate expressed his surprise and gratificatioJ, at the American mis- sionary spirit which had prompted the work of tile chupel cars, three of which are now operating in the United States. After inspecting every sec- tion of tile car minutely, His Grace inquired of the Roy. Eugene J. Mc- Guinness. vw.e president of the Catho- lic Church Extension Society, who is i charge of the car, c.oncerning the experience of the nfissionaries in re- mote [)arts of the country. Interested in Reports of Bigotry He seemed especially interested in the manifestations of bigotry that were reported by Father McGuinness, who told of occasions when, in cer- tain parts of Oregon, he was informed that his presence was not desired and the people refused to sell him food.. These nmnifestations, Father Mc- Guinness said, were rare, and after several days he was invariably able to gain the confidence of the people. More recently in Norristown Pa., Father McGuinness was warned that the Ku Klux Klan, which had planted a flaming torch the night before, might be expected to molest him and even burn the car, but he gave these warnings no serious attention. Softens Bigotry The value of the chapel car, Father McGulnness explained to the Dele- gate, was as much in leveling the spirit of bigotry as it was in bring- ing the Mass and the Sacraments to thousands of Catholics scattered in remote sections of the couutry in which there was no church or priest. The number of conversions that had resulted from an interest in the Cath- olic Church inspired as a result of a visit to the chapel ear was also re- marked by Father MeGuinness, who traced in eastern cities since last August no less than fifty conversions among visitors to the car. Many of these were impressed m6st strongly] with the maternal solicitude of the I Church for the w$1fare of her chil:l dren as indicated by the chapel car] work. ' I Splendid and Needed Work I Two converts in Rochester said that I they sought the Catholic Church be- cause their own ministers were frank to acknowledge that they did not be- lieve in the Divinity of Christ. Monsignor Fmnasoni-Biondi ex- pressed great strprlse when he was told that there are only 'eight thou- sand Catholics in North Carolina and ten thousand in South Carolina. He commented on the disadvantage that Catholics in such sections of the coun, try have been laboring under for years and said that especially for these people the chapel car was able to do a spleildid and much needed work. Led Children in Prayer During his inspection of the chapel car, there was one action of the Apos- tolic Delegate that was more signifi- cant of his character than any num- ber of interviews. The presence of the chapel car in Washington had been called to the attention of the parochial school children and hun- dreds Of them flocked tlmre each day to visit it. GEORGES GOYAU HEADS CHRISTIAN PUBLICISTS (By N. C. W. C. New Service) Paris, March 26.M. Georges Go- yau, the new member of the rench Academy, has been elected president of the corporation, of Christian Pub- licist% in the place of M. Rene Ba- zin, who has expressed the wish to retire, after several very active years as president. Mr. Rene Bazin will be honorary president of the organiza- tion. RESUME PROCESSIONS AT AIX-LES.-B.INS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, March 18.--At Aix-les-Bains, a great watering-place in Savoy', pub- lic processions had been forbidden for t:wenty years as the result of an order issued by"the prefect during the Combes Ministry. Recently, how- ever, the pastbr and the mayor, who is a Socialist and a disabled veteran of the late war, agreed o petition the prefect to revoke the former order. As a result, processions have again been authorized. One thousand men of the city celebrated the event by taking part in' the first procession, which was presided over by the prior of the Abbey of Hautecombe. THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1923 General Intention AI'RIL: FII)EIATY TO CIVIC DUTIES By Joseph ltusslcin, Associate Editor of "America." In the Messenger of the Sacred Heart. No subject calls for more earnest and serious consideration at the pres- ent day than the civic duties of Cath- olics. Not bullets but ballots are the determining force in a democracy. The first duty of every citizen is to learn the intelligent use of the great power of the vote entrusted to him or her. It is not a mere privilege, but a solemn obligation, entailing at times the most momentous conse- quences. It is, therefore, to be ful- filled religiously as well as prudent- ly. Ballot of Catholic Women In the waiting line, drawn up before the closed booth where the destinies of a nation may often be decided, woman takes her place on equal terms with man. If once she had longed for this opportunity and perhaps fought :for it as a sacred right, her desire ])as been achieved. If, on the contrary, she preferred to leave this responsibility to husband, son and brother, rather than directly take it upon her own conscience as well, then the vote has in all truth been thrust upon her. In either case there can now be but one attitude towards the ballot on the part of all Catholic wom- en as of Catholic men, and that is to use it with the utmost intelligence, integrity and effectiveness for the promotion of the common good. We Neglect Duty Men and women with false, immoral and socially pernicious principles to advocate will never nfiss an oppor- tunity to enact them into laws by the election of their own representatives. Their opening battle is fought at the polls, and is followed up by a cease- less bombardment of letters, warnings and threats to public officials until, finally, their end has been attained. Christian men and women, on the contrary, too often neglect their great and sacred duty to city, State and nation, or perform it with but little political knowledge, earnestness and conviction. When, then, they sudden- ly awake to find their rights and lib- erties trampled under foot, they may cry aloud, but their remonstrance comes too late. They have been un- faithful stewards of a mighty trust that was confided to them for the welfare of Church and State and by their negligence they have betrayed them both alike. Church Not in Politics "Is, then, the Church in politics?" That is the question, we must expect WIll at once be asked of us. And we answer, "Assuredly notI" The Catho- lic Church is no and may not be concerned with politics as such. Her sphere embraces the spiritual and not the political interests of men. But when the State exceeds its powers and encroaches on her spiritual do- main, as it is often tempted to do, by passing measures dangerous to the welfare of souls, theft,she has every right to speak. Neither may she overlook those interests, which though partly political and so under the rightful power of the State, are yet partly also spiritual, touching upon moral and religious matters that con- cern the salvation of souls and the worship of God. Thus marriage and education have both a civil and reli- gious aspect. The State has a right to insist upon a sufficient education, but the Church has an equal, an even more imperative, right to insist that this education must b% given for Catholic children in Catholic sch01s. This right no politician can deny and no majority vote can ever abrogate. It is given by God. For the full ex- planation of the relation between Church and State I must here be con- tent to refer the reader to my "God nd Ca " pamphlet, a esai' (America Press, New York, $0.10)'. Defense It is tlie duty of every Catholic voter to see that no injustice is done to the interests of the Church, pre- cisely as no injustice nmst be toler- ated towards any other institution within the State. Exactly the same obligation, it is true, devolves upon the non-Catholic voter, but if Catho- lics will permit the just rights 'of their own Church to be ,flouted, how can they expect non-Catholics to rise up in the defense of them? Catholics in Name Only Catholic voters who tolerate such things may oftenbe Catholic in name only. Unfortunately there will al- ways be such among us. The net of the Church, Christ tells us, is filled with good fish and bad alike, and in the Wheat-field of God the weeds grow up with the grain. On the last day only will the Angels sort the good from the bad, the thistles from the golden harest yield. Too Many Are Lax But, if we charitably consider the number of Catholics in our midst who are lax and indifferent is often very gre'lt. They blindly follow in the trodden path and do not look forward to see tile consequences of their ac- tion. They insist on their own pri- vate differences rather than unite for the common good. They fail entirely to acquaint themselves with /:he Cath- olic attitude towards the vital prob- lems and questions of the day. Catho- lic literature is practically unknown to them and they do not read the Catholic press. Should they do so, they may drop it at the slightest provocation because of an article or editorial crossing their private, na- tionalistic or political views, while these same people will permit their secular paper to insult their Faith at will. We all know these Catholics. Telling action at the ballot box for right and justice, where ethical and Catholic interests are concerned, need hardly be looked for from them. Some Ignorant There is still a third class of Cath- olics, good and devout people, who love their Church, but who have never been properly instructed to realize the significance of the vote. It. js purely'a question Of ignorance, for which, however, there should no long- er be any excuse. Catholic teachers and religious leaders have a sacred obligation to impress upon Catholic men and women alike the supreme importance of the ballot. They should be taught to cast their vote, not merely when great issues seem to be at stake, but always, and With the same regularity with which they attend to their religious and domestic duties. Issues of sufficient import- ance are at stake in every election. Men who neglect their civic obliga- tions in little things cannot be ,counted upon to fulfill them in great things. How much of the persecution and pillage of the Church in the world today is due to the negligence of in- different Catholics or the ignorance of perhaps good Catholics! Relations to God and Man The defense of the just rights of the Church is, of course, but one of many civic duties incumbent upon Catholics. The Catholic Faith is a social Faith, in the sense that it teaches us to love our neighbor as ourselves. Our first duty, indeed, is the salvation and sanctification, by the grace of God, of our own indi- vidual souls. But the important les- son taught us by our Lord is to re- member also and at all times our fellow-man. "Our Father," we are taught to pray. How little even the best of men penetrate into the full significance of their relations towards their fellow- men seems to be indicated by our Lord when He pictures the bewilder- ment of the just themselves at the Judgment Day when He bids them come with Him into the Kingdom pre- pared for them, since, when He was hungry they gave Him to eat, when He was thirsty .they gave Him to drink, when a stranger they took Him into their homes, when naked they clothed Him, and when sick or in prison they visited Him. "Amen, I say to you," He graciously explains to them, "as long as you did it to one of these My least brethren, you did it to me." Prevention xff Evil But, if we have such. imperative duties towards our fellow-man when he is in actual want and affliction, can we fail to comprehend the duties we have to prevent these evils from coming upon him, so far as this is possible? The greater charity is not in giving clothing, food and medicine to those in suffering, necessary and meritorious as such actions will al- ways be, but in helping to bring about conditious which will remove, to the utmost extent, the causes of this suf- fering. The physical evils in this world, let us well understand, are largely such as might easily have been avoided. Cost of Neglect Was the great World War neces- sary? Were its dire consequences necessary, when the war Rself had been fought? 'Are all the poverty, misery and starvation, due to strikes, Iock-)uts, unemployment and fore- seen financial crises necessary? Are the labor of children, the unnatural strain placed upon women in many employments, the long hours, the un- der-nourishment, the occupational diseases, the tens of thousands of in- dustrial accidents all necessary? Most: surely notI P Why, then, do all these things come about'.v Largely, at least, because men and women neglect their civic [ obligations. Social studies do not ]n- Iterest them. Politics they leave to J the politicians. So it comes about I that no remedy is found for insuffer- PAGE FIVE able economic and political condi-  ..... -----------..--- iBOOKS of INTEREST t We Are Too Negligent Catholics, as a body, are still far L--,,---- ......... ---.,@J too negligent .fully, or even ilidiffer- ently, to acquaint themselves with the momentous soial and industrial prob- lems facing us. They are showing an altogether insufficient interest ifi the social literature now offered them. For the majority, it would seem that even such quota ions as protective leg- islation for women( mininmm wage htws, co-opcraLive enterprises, unem- ployment, Government ownership and control, whether and in how far these latter nmy be d,:sirable, and similar topics, are of interest only when di- rectly touching thole own personal welfare. Civic Morality I Then, there are ,il the questions of civic morality, of nutrriage and birth- control, and the dangers to the virtue of the homeless girl and the working girl, all of which may, in one way or another, be involved in the vote, not to mention the two extreme of special privilege and Socialism. Even to at- tempt to enumerate the variety and multiplicity of subjects that may in turn be proposed for our considera- tion and action as citizens of a dem- ocracy would lead us far afield. I have merely hinted at some of then] to illustrate their nature. Our Politicians Then, too, the character and quality of political candidates for office must be taken into acount. If we are be- ;,rayed by politicians, if economic con- 'ditions are not improved where this would be possible, if capitalistic em- ployers and corporations continue without impediment to skim the cream of our national prosperity at the ex- pense of the public and perhaps through the exploitation of the work- er, we ourselves are to blame for hav- ing put these men into office. They have promised well in their pro-elec- tion speeches, but all politicians are sure to do this. The question was to decide upon the character of these prospective servants of the people be- fore committing our welfare and that of the commonwealth into their hands. Wise Selections It is not easy, I fully admit, to make th proper selection of men, as it is no easy to determine which measures, social, economic, financial, commercial or industrial will promote the best interests of the city or the State. The wisest may be deceived. We can but do our own humble best, according to each one's limited time and opportunity. Nothing more can be required of us. But the danger already pointed out by me is precisely that while fanatics will canvass the country for votes told will flood the offices of Senators and Congressmen, with letters, ppeals, threats and for- midable lists of signatures in favor of their noxious laws and measures, good people are apt to go on quietlyr looking to their personal affairs, until suddenly, like a cataclysm, they find the unexpected has come to pass and they are hopelessly subject to a leg- islation perhaps equally un-Christian and undemocratic. A competent Catholic leadership is, of course, re- quired to give a timely warning. Co-operation Catholics, sai&Pope Pins X, in re- ferring to Italian conditions, "may prove themselves capable, as much and even more than others, of co- operating in the material and civil well-being of the people, thus acquir- ing that authority and respect which may make it even possible for them to defend and promote a higher good, namely, that of the soul." And he goes further, and insists that it is "incumbent on all Catholics to pre- pare themselves prudently an d se- riously for political life in cae they should be galled to it." But of the Catholic. who actualiy occupies puOlic position the Holy F atlier adds that he must show his true Catholicism by the colascientious fulfilment of all hls political duties, and the faithful ad- vancement of the common good in every, action. He should remember above all things tie be and to show himself, in all circumstances, a true Catholic, un- dertaking and fulfilling public duties with the firm and constant intention of promoting as much as he can the social and economic welfare of his country, especially of the people, ac- cording to the maxims of a distinctly Christiancivilizati0n, at the same time defending the supreme interests of the Church, which are those of religion and jus'tiCe."  Catholic Glory Such Catholics in public office will be a glory to their country and a credit to their Church. They will be a mighty power for good the fear- lesschampions of the poor and the oppressed, and the saviours of Chris- tian civilization in an age that needs such men. But men and women, rich and poor, we must all seek to per- form to the" best of Our' power the civic duties that rest upon us, to pFa- ,note the welfare of our country and defend against all dangers and attacki And still the articles on Al'ice Mey- nell continue to appear. The North American Review for Murch has "The Multitude: An Appreciation of Alice Meynell by Jeanette Marks. Christopher Morley, under his pseu- donym of Kenelm Digby, in his Lit- erary Lobby of March 3 says that "In a scrapbook, among the papers of Alice Meynell, some unpublished let- ters written he,  by George Meredith, Were recently found. Meredith used to address her as "Dearest Portia." Ex- tracts from this correspondence .will appear shortly in Scribner's. We have . not yet ,net Hflaire Belloc," he con- tinues, "but we are interested it, the New Review Association, which sends us a clipping about him. Michael Wil- liams, author of The High Romance, is chairman of its organization com- mittee and editor of the New Review, which will enlist the pens of all the famous Catholics and should contain some brilliant writing." Aline Kilmer has a poem in the April Good Housekeeping, andPhilip Gibbs has appeared in a new book, which some den.y, can be consiJered ," as fiction. "If The Middle of the Road" is considered as a novel, "the Literary Review" for March 17 ays, "it may be dismissed abruptly, for the story element in it is secondary. 'The real purpose of the book is to portray as disinterestedly and as carefully aa possible, conditions among European people after the war. This portrayal is successfully accomplished." "The Middle of the Road," accord:ng to that review, deserves broad ' atten- tion." ' Not all the fiction is sordid, though so much of it is colored" with the ma- terialism of the day, the vohunes that are freed from it should be hailed with delight. Maurice Baring's"Ov- erlooked" is a brilliant novel, con- ceived along unusual lines. It gets its name from a Character who is "over- looked" by the fairies,' and having been she lives'her life in a half real world. The story of a stoT, "Over- looked" is, and how the writing of it is actually accomplished at a fash- ionable watering place, where the meeting with the characters form the inspiration, for the fib, st half of the novel and the story follows in the .second half. It is clever, brilliant and delightful enough to furnish relaxation f`rom tbe day's duties. One of the most important bibliog- ,,,. raphies yet announced was that one compiled for Amateur's Theatricals by Cecilia M. Young, and edited by .Father Lord, S. J. It is published by the Loyola Press of Chicago, and the note of welcome given to it by the National Catholic Welfare Council, through the columns of its Bulletin, is indicative of the response it will awaken on thepart of a public, who have shown a growing interest in amateur theatricals, C. ART EXHIBITOR OF CANA WEDDING FEAST "PICTURE' TOBE TRIED New York, March Z.Abraham Baylinson, secretary Of the Society of Independent rtists, has ben held ': in bail for %rial in a higher court on a charge of having "ou-- " raged pub- lic decency" as the result of ah ex- hibition of J. Francis Kaufman's pic-  ture entitled "Father, Forgive Them for They Know' NOt What They Do,,' which depicts a figure of Christ at the Marriage Feast of Cana in com- pany with ,William Jennings Bryan, William H. Anderson and Andrew Volstead,  . "The tendency of.the-picture," said Mtgistrate Moses R. Ryttenberg," .is deeply'to offend the sensibilities of all. good citizens, and the .offense is greatly heightened by the title, ,that accompanies it; The artist who paint- ed the picture, in my opinion,.ahould be proceeded against for ,violating the same section of the penal law:as the exhibitors.? . ST. THERESA S .T/MP:; Madrid, Marh,27.--b.set of p.ost* age stamps c0mmemorang'th,e ter- centenary of the eanonizatian.  9f St, Theresa is being issued by the ,n- ish government, zhe ser', inc,es portraits of the. saint of the Popes under whom she lived and of the kings associated :with her llfe,.death and patronage, of Spain. 'There are also designs .depicting  some of, :the leading events in tha life of  the Saint the 'just'aid invioiabie rights Church. The Morning Oflering O Jesus, through the Immaculate Heart el" Mary, i offer Thee m era, works, and for all the intentions Heart of the Mass throu , in reparation tions of aII particular for