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Arkansas Catholic
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March 31, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 31, 1923

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PAGE FOUR SARAH BERNHARDT GREAT TRAGEDIENNE ENACTS OWN DEATH Dies ill Arms of Her SonFortified[ ; With Last Rites of CliurchEvent- ful Career Covered Three Genera- tions. On Monday evening, March 26, Paris cabled the death, of Mine. Sarah 'Berphardt, one of the greatest dis- ciples of Timspian art the world has ever known. Death came to her at 1the supposed age'of seVenty-eight ,years, after a public stage life of :sixty-two years, ,during which she was .known and admired as the world's best exponent of the emotional drama. ; In life she had had an amazing :power of emotion, of marvelous real- ism and pathos in her acting of death scenes. At the end of her days she ,quietly drifted away into eternity, tired after her long fight against eath, which she did not wish, but never feared. ,.. Hope for the life of the great ac- ,trbss had long since beeu abandoned, :and half an hour before she passed .away, those in: attendance found her "..sinking beyond recovery, though, .knowing her .recuperative powers, .it was thought she. might live through- out the night.. Mme. Bernhardt died in tle arms of her son, in a large room on the second floor of..herhome,,:,with win- .'dows wide open on, the Boulevard :Pereire, the noise of trucks and the .railroad keeping up a low roar tO which she was :long accustomed. It ,.was the sudden closing of.thesewin- clews, opened on the first day of spring, that gave the signal to, those waiting and watching without that Bernhardt 'was dead. Last Rites of Church Death was, due to a renewed, at- tack of uramic poison, which began Friday, but the actress astonished her =physicians by her  repeated rallies and her will to live, just as she did Iast December when hope had several times been abafldoned. A priest 'Ws 'ummoned hurriedly in the afternoon, -when symptoms of gravest nature pre- (ticted the end. : The priest administered the sacra- ment of Extreme Unction, which she acknowledged With faint movements 'of the hands and head, too weak to speak. - Idol of Tki'ee Gen.erations in Francois Coppee's "Le Passant," which she played in 1869. Then came the France-Prussian war. Bernhardt increased her I:opu- larity by becoming a war nurse. In 187]. she was made a life member of the Comedie Francaie. She clashed repeatedly with M. Perrin, the mana- ]ger, over the roles she should take, and once in a fit of pique fled from the theater and decided to gve up the stage. She plunged ilto sculpture. Her first piece, "After the Storm," finished some years later, won a place m the Salem She returned to M. Perrin, only to break with him again, incurring a forfeit of 4,000 pounds which she paid. Becomes a Tourist She invaded England, receiving a tremendous ovation, then toured Den- fiark and Russia Next she came o America, where her success was in- stantaneous. She toured the United States and Canada eight times in i5 years, and appeared several times in the larger cities of South America. The great actress was a grand- mother when she last appeared in America, and had suffered amputation of her right leg. Upon her arrival in New York, October, ]916, it was evident to the group of friends and admirers who gathered to welcome her thkt She walked with extreme diffi- culty. While playing in New England she contracted a severe cohl, which prompted her to take a trip south for her health. A few .,weeks later she underwent an operation for infection of the kidney, and although more than 70._years of age, she enjoyed complete THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 31, 1923 AMEIIICAN BOYS. I CS!CA60 FIREMEN TRi00 FOR MASONIC O00{DER'00 JOINING KLAN Rapid Spre'td ,f the Order cf i)e (By N. (;. \\;V. C. News Service) Mo}ay 'l'hrcuiimut Coantry. Chicago, ltl., March 2:;.--.levelation ........ of the'eL oath of the h:u l(lux (By N. C. W. G. 2:ew: Ster,ic,,) Klan, and i!lu:kra;(nl of their .:i;nal Washington, I). C., March 2 ;.----ICvi- (,f (ti''rc.. w/'re fe::turc, ot' the I:ear- dence of the aczen?l)t:; of l,h'ee 1H'a- ,.'Jig before Lhe (ics' commi:sion of two sonry to bring under it.s infiuc.m:, tlle a ,:g'ed nu-:m[:cr. of the Klan, in an young boyhood of ?n:e:i,'a i; ['ur- qi'ort to ous; u:em /:'mn the Chicago nished by the rapid spread ,1 the Order of l)e Molay under the influ- ence of Scottish ]ite bodies in prac- tically every city in t!-e knd. Since it became amli, ioml o:v,mi- zation in 1921, ihi: organi:.'a:io, Ira,: increased from 2,000 to more than 200,000 members in seven hlndred chapters. Recently at an im(:;-ttio: in Philadelphia more tha, me thousand lads were enrolled in a single night. Started in Kansas City The Order of De ,Molay takes its name from Ja.ues de Molay, w,m, accoling to Masonic li'.erature, was "the last Military C, rand Master of the Order of Knights Templar, who went: to the stake rather than be- come a heretic to his Masonic obliga- tions." Inasmueh as Masonry did not exist before, the eighteenth cen- tury, whereas De Molay's death oc- curred in the fourteenth century, the accuracy of this statement can be questioned. An attempt is made to blame the death of De Molay on the Catholic Church aml it may thus be surmised that the intention of the or- ganizers of the movement is partly critics has said," "through 'he pages of the book peers the face'of a wom- an a little tred; weary of her 5wn reputation, ' ',nd: blessed'"Witk " n tore than her share of the "vamtms of the seX," As she and others have' t01l the story, t m mmed up here: ., , The date ''f'he "birtk, 'le ,ee@d riof :which was' estroyea ia.t flashes '0f" he domune in Paris', wiis co: ;oonly accepted:October .2, 145, Her ,;!otler was D:ul and Jew,;h, and iiei" father a 4rfh official:' " "' ': l, Att.ed .Conve.nt .:: .., ..... -As, a'child' Bernhardt;spea Vtlcly, pf ':er time-wttk relatives in Parim,and, at the' age: :of ; 12. was set;':t0: the Grand Champ .Convent, Versaihe, i vher she made her deh a,itt ! 'mirael play"Ivn by, ,ei' e'hIn. Even at this etrly age, pale and sickly Child iS: saitl to ha]di'splayed recovery and remained in America for to create a young America that will several months. : ' be hostile to the Church. ' Strickened i n 1922 :[ Sons of Masons .Death had a weird fascination for[ Sons of Masons and their boy Bernhardt, and for years she contem- I chums are eligible to membership in plated 'it with what: appeared to be'[ the Order. The second of the two an uncanny humor. Ihe wish she degrees illustrates the mart..dom of most 'often expressed was that she:[ Be Molay. The initiation ceremonies might die in the midst of her tri-' are generally held in Masonic lodges. umphs. "I' shall play until death,": she said,:"and the death I hope.for  is' the death Sir Henry Irving died. ''. Her English contemporary died on! tour, being stricken with apoplexy after a. performance in 1905. . 'owad the end of 1922, it: was 'thought this desire might shorten her life cdnsiderably, for while she was dangerously ill' in her Paris home, she' pittdd her iron will against the physi-' cians and prepared to resume her phi't in a new play'by Sacha Guitry last'she was playing in when stricken. Three genei, afions have praised',an'd She felt the end was near, her sick-" even worshippe the art ()f Bernhardt, room 'attendants sold, and wanted'to: be acting a leading role when death ind hundreds upon thousands of peo- ple around the ]world have thr`onged rm'" down the curtain, to see and ma/-vel .t her acting' wifl- Last l'rayers ly Abbe Loutil "dut understanding the French lau- Paris, March 28:'The body of guage, which she invariably employed Safh BernhArdt tonight rested in the upon the stage. Ofice, n" Ri0ie famous rosewood casket lined with "Janeiro, she Was called bfore th ,hith 'satin 'which was made at her "curtain more than 200 times by" a' order 30 years ago and in which she wildly enthusiastic audience, ar/d was frequently photographed while many times,' in Other parts of the '0hhor forei a tourS. " world, she Wa's .obIiged to answer " obbe Loutil, cure of the Church of 'scores of curaincalls at a single pbr- :t. Eranco{s de 'Sales, where the formace. - "' funeral Service MII be held tomorrow The Ion'g i'ffle-stolT ofB ernhardt; i' noon', saxd the. last prayers over the ..^, '-^.,; ,-;_.{;."...L^_ ,.i. artist today. She was tenderly placed ",dramatic ineideht off as well as on m e comn wmcl was taken to the .,. , .... he stage, it was set down by her-'-otmd floor of the home where's .elf in a le.ngthy volunie 'publish'ed r0m' as been transformed" int5 a many years g'0, 'and, as one of her chapel Bernhardt still is clad in her while satin dress. Overher face and hair: a fine lace veil has fieen drawn. On her "breast is pinned the Cross of the Lgion o' Honor, and around her neck ih a ibbon holdihg the gold locket eotaining the picture and'lock of hair of her son, Maurice, Which hhe al- waYs wore00 STUNT'S ON, ' ' NEW GOLD DUCAT L I' ::..: 0F CZECHOSLOVAKB (By'N: C. W. C. Nears ervieey "Prague," Mhrch 14.--Czechoslovakia iS b have a new gold Coin, struck with the cost of Arms of tfte Republic. TtiiS' iJ not an innovation, but rather ai , ,the, fits of ,temPer, which were char- retoration 'of the aicient gold Cur:" : ,ctrlstie 6f'lier'tage aereer. rency which was known as the, After a year or two at the convent,  ,,, 'r ' I ' ' : . -- +'" . ., 1 ducat. - When the bill appr ..... s .... ' she conceived a passionate desire $o,.n,'. curr:nc- " -assed " .... ......... '[ ew , e y,wa p, .' y ;ne become a nut/ :'To this .hr omer Ch tuber e ut .... ,.' }' 'a ,'  p y rystlvec, of the; recorded unquhfled iyppomuon, an i j ..... . .. ,. '. ]'ophlar Party, recalled the gloriousil sdggested a theatrical career instead past which Will b e represented by the ", . At the age Of 14 Berahardt?,was iiew ducat, for like the ancient coin J' "ent   a conervdtory. 'At,the end which it revives, ' it will bear he, im- :::o the 'first year' she'woi"'se'end prt.e age ef :the national patron saint,, with fdr tragedy. A subscription,ameng ' t lie players at th Comedie Franeaise :enabled her-re spend another..year' ,at 'the c0nservatory, and Upon the ecru- " :':pleti0n 0f',this sli' carried off second ' prize for comedy.. Her first public appearance was at the Comedie Fran- aise tn August, 1862. She took without any marked suc- the inscriptibn "'st.: Wenceslaus, lt us ot  perish, neither we nor our d- scendants'.?' The first ducats will ,he "Struck"at Krmnice Slovakia:); at a'. early date. The bill providing'oi' the new gokll ducat was :one' of the last legislative measures introduced by the late Min- ister of: Finance Rosin, who died re' cently as the result of wounds.inf flicted by the communist Soupal, and I to whbse ability and sagacity Czecho-: slovakia owes the fact that she hasl escaped the general bankrnptcy f)om which so, many nations of Europe ae' , i t.l The Order is international in chm- aeter and the ritual, originally in- ten'deal only for American boys, has been revised to make it intenmtional in scope in response to invitations to establish chapters in the British Isles. Organizations have been formed in every state of the Union, in Canada and even in China, where the sons of English and American residents have been enrolled. The organization grew out of a boys' club organized in Kansas City in 1919 with nine members. Within two years, under the influence of the Scottish Rite members of "that city, it had enrolled 2,000 members and was made national in scope. Already many of the chapters have erected substantial buildings in which to car- ry on their activities. Plans for a $1505)00 structure for Columbia, Me., were recently announced. Rapidity of Its Spread An indication of the rapid spread of the organization is given by the growth in different parts of the United States. The first chapter for southerx) California was started in Ventura two years ago and at the beginning of the present year it was announced that 3,000 members were enrolled in eighteen cities of Cali- fornia. In Michigan the growth has been unu.sually rapid and powerful branches have been formed in Ohio. On March 18, the occasion of the day set asid% according to the "Ohio State Journal," ":for devotions in mere- ,cry of Jasques de Molay," two hun- tired members of the Order gathered ,at Columbia in the First Baptist Church to hear a sermon by the Roy. .Daniel F. Rittenhouse. The day was observed generally throughout the country by the different chapters. Masons Sponsors De Molay Chapters are organized into State bodies, similar to Masonic clubs. Each chapter must be spon- sored and under the direct supervision of one of the Masonic 5odies, and, al- though according to Masonic organs, "De Molay is in no way a part of Masonry," the principles of Masonry "have been embodied in tim principles of De Molay." '.In addition to the large initiation in Philadelphia, one Masonic organ recently recorded organization activi- ties in seven other states. TO DIPdET EXCAVATION OF CITY OF DAVID Dublin, March 15.--P'rof. R. A. Stewart MaeAlister, head of the De- partment of Celtic Archaeology in the Catholic University, is to start for Palestine soon to superintend an ex- cavation of the site of the City of David He is peculiarly qualified for the work. Not only has he thorough- ly studied the subject but he spent eight years in similar work in the ancient city of Gezer, Palestine. The work in connection with the projected excavation will be allocated to French, American and Jewish so- Cieties. Professor MacAlister will di- rect the preliminary operations and then return home. .... ". Five years later She emerged from laborious Obscurity with her first deti: in a French "King Lear" at the] en as Victor Hugo's: ,,.!Ruy Bias," and above all as Zauett ,j, Fire [)ep rl. e t The charges agaiusL the city employes is "that they joined an oi'ganizatim which is a ['onspiracy to incite riot and which In'events their carrying ore, their swor, duty o the people." In spite o-t'the revelutions of se- crecy, prejudice, and an under-current of hatred for their fellow men, not of their cult heht I)y members of the organization, It. K. Ramsey, Imperial Kligrapp of the Klan, testified that "the Klan model of character is Christ." Oath Taken by Firemren Here is the revealed paragraph of the Klan oath, which the prosecutor3 of the firemen declare untits them for puhlic service. "I swear that I will keep secret to myself a secret of a l(lansman when same is committed in the sacred bond of Klanship, the crime of violating t, his sacred oath, treason against the United States of America, rape and malieious murder alone excepted." Inside Knowledge "The oath llakes no mention of arson," pointed out one of the prose- curing counsel. "If a Klansman com- mit arson, and the crile becomes known to a Klan-fireman, the latter is by his oath, prevented from report- ing the crime to his superiors." Robert E. Shepard, treasurer of the American Unity League, ghe anti- Klan organization which is fighting to rout Klanism from the nation, re- vealed a vast inside knowledge of the secrets of the Klan, which he testi- fied he had secured through a corps of investigators. "Give us the Klan, sign of distress," suggested Attorney P. H. O'Donnell, president of the league. Shepard stepped forward, raised his right hand and drew his forefinger obliquely downward over his right eye from center of his forehead to his right ear. Tle illustration brought a laugh from the crowd that filled the room, The commission, which will pass upon the cases of the two firemen within a week, is made up o two Protestants and one Catholic. Claims Ki:an I, Clristian Ramsey testified that the Klan is a Christian organization and no man is permitted to join unless he be a be- liever in the tenets of the Christian faith, and a native born American. "Do you exclude Catholics?'" asked his attorney. "No, Catholics preclude themselves," he answered. "What about Jews," continued his attorney. "If a Jew subscribe to the tenets of the Christian religion, he may join," said Ramsey. Although the hearing involved only two city employes and was a purely ,nunicipal affair, its importance to the Klan was apparent from the fact that Imperial Kligraff Ramsey and Imperial Kounsel Paul S. Etheridge hurried here from Atlanta to defend the accused men who are Firemen Otto Novotny and /illiam H. Greene. CONVENT GIRLS SELL THEIR HAIR TO HELP POPE'S RELIEF FUND (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Rome, March 12.Writing of .the offerings from Hungary to the Pope's Russian Relie Fund the "Osserva- tore Romano" relates u touching in- cident, i( one of the convents in Budapest, the nuns, who are very poor, sold all the little holy p:itures they possessed, and the girls under their care cut off their hair and sold it to swell the fund. One of the tiniest girls gave up her most pre- cious possession, a little pair of gold ear,rings, and the, Osservatore Re- mane" listed the offering asfollows: Hungarian Crown 12,690 and one pair of gold ear-rings." Another touching offering was that sent by ".tt poor children who re- ceived Christmas gifts from the.HoIy Father--Hungarian Crowns 1,852." To additional diocesan offerings from he UMted States ar listed. They are: Newark (2nd offering) ' L" $2,112,60, re 43,308.30; Buffalo, $15,- 000, Lire 307,500, This thirty-first list, in the words of the Roman paper, is remarkable "for the large offerings received from countries which have been sorely tried by poverty and misery" Some of hese offerings came from those parts of France which suffered most from the war. TOMBS IN AFRICAN CATACOMBS PROVE APOSTLE'S VISIT (lly N. C. W. C. News Service) Paris, March 17.--In the presence of a select audience, which included the Duchess of Vendome, sister of the King of the Belgians, the Prince (le Broglie, Marshal Franchet d'Espe- rey and General Pan, Msgr. Leynaud, Archbish(q) of Algiers, who is an arcleologist of note, gave an inter-. esting repo:t of the excavations di- rected by him 'in the catacombs ef Hadrumetum, in whk'h 15,000 Chris- ,tian tombs have /)een found. The in- scriptions found in these c, atacombs are of the greatest importance in the !fistory of the Church in Africa as they clearly establish its apostolicity. 1)iscowred by French Officer The ancient city of Hadrumetum, founded by the Phoenicians on the ea:tern coast of the country known today as Tunisia, has long since been destroyed. On the site of the ancient city stands the modern city of. Susa. Tim catacombs of Hadrumetum were first discovered in 1883 by a French officer, Colonel Vincent, but the task of exploring then appeared to pre- sent to many difficulties, and all work was abandoned for twenty years. In 1903 Canon Leynaud, who was later to become Bishop of Algiers, was sta- tioned in Susa as pastor of the city and chaplain of a regiment of colonial troops which was garrisoned there. Canon Leynaud and a French arch- eologist, M. Carton, undertook to re- sume the work of excavating the cata- combs with the help of the soldiers. This work was carried on methodi- cally and without interruption until 1917. Five catacombs were explored and 236 galleries up'cued with a length of 5 kilometers. The fifteen thousand tombs are in a better state of pre- servation than those in the Roman catacombs. The majority of them date from the Second and Third cen- turies, with a fairly large number be- longing to the second half of the First century. The bodies were placed along the galleries in rectangular niches or under arcades. MISSION CHURCH BELLS STOLEN IN NEW MEXICO El Paso, Tex., March 27.--Nearly a dozen bells have been stolen from the belfries of churches in Northern and Western New Mexico recently and police throughout the Southwest have been asked to assist in the search for the thieves Most of the bells were made of cop- per, toned with gold or silver and weighed from 300 to 400 pounds. Sev- eral of them were cast in Spain and nearly all dated from before i850. They were taken from the belfries of I small mission churches which are for I the most part unguarded. . I $1,000,000 FOR (By N. C. W. C. San Francisco, lion-dollar community center IneIi, A'Olllen and Francisco will be for service in May, anouncement of the Young Men's Institute ] tion, of which Richard president. Io the l)resent $60( last week and with all speed. The completed commodate the present membership of the stitute and the lute, including 10,000 will contain athletic ties for a new with 2,000 members, vision for carrying on work of the League of dets, California's temperance organization" The present auditorium, a room facilities. In, adjoins the present will be a spacious I M. A. special New Insurance 801-7 Southern Fix Up That Life Today--"I Sell Phone 7@,6" Little Rock, m " We have just stock of ARMY to be sold to the PRICE $2.75. These per cent solid leather double soles sewed and uppers are of leather with making them shoes are selling advise you to insure your order The sizes are 6 t0, Pay Postman on send money order. if shoes are not THE U. S. 1441 Broadway, Ne. 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