Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 29, 1974     Arkansas Catholic
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March 29, 1974

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PAGE 6 THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 29, 1974 I Do You Remember? 1 50 YEARS AGO THIS WEEK The Guardian reported: Conway -- Rev. Joseph Publechezk, C.S.Sp., arrived in Conway from New Iberia, La., on March 18, and took into his hands the affairs of the congregation on the feast of St. Joseph, his patronal feast and also that of the parish. Father Publechezk's ambition is to erect a new church so that it can be dedicated on the feast of St. Joseph, 1925. 2S YFRS AGO THIS WEFJK The Guardian reported: Fort Smith -- Four new members were inducted into the St. Seholastica Chapter of the National Honor Society. They are Margaret Ann Miller, Catherine Neihouse, Estella Post and Rosemary Weiterer. The names of seven new probationers also were an- nounced. They are Loretta Mahl, Janelle Knoedel, Carmelita Klein, Martha Jones, Peggy Thienes, Vera Marie Shinert and Julia Gramlich. I Vocation Writing Contest Announced N. Little Rock -- An editorial contest for seventh and eighth grade pupils of Immaculate Conception parish is being sponsored by the parish Holy Name Society as a vocation promotion effort. Boys and girls are challenged to write their opinions of "what is most necessary to foster vocations to the priesthood and Religious life." April 30 is the deadline for submitting entries. No limitation as to length has been imposed. Entries will be judged by a committee of Holy Name men and prizes will be awarded. Baptists Charge Catholic Coerc/on Valley Forge, Pa. (NC) - The policy making board of the American Baptist Churches accused the nation's Catholic bishops of threatening moral and religious liberty in their campaign against abortion. The charge came in a resolution adopted at a meeting here of the general board of the 1.5 million member denomination. CITY DRUG STORE W. F, (Bill) SLAUGHTER 1701E. Broadway, West Memphis Phone 735.1653 Citizens Funeral Home, Inc. 201 Pine Street West Memphis, Ark. Phone 735.1000 Holy Place Sites Often Become Educated Guesses By Steve Landregan PILGRIMS to the Holy Land are often surprised and a little disappointed when they learn that in many cases the holy places and sites are little more than educated guesses as to where a particular event oc- curred. There are several " factors responsible for this situation, among them the destruction of Jerusalem by the Romans in 66 A.D., and a determined effort by the Romans to obliterate Christian shrines in Palestine during the early persecutions. BECAUSE the gospels themselves are, in the words of Father Avery Dulles, S.J., "confessional documents," they understandably do not provide the minute historical or geographical detail that modern scholars would so much like to have. Even where the gospels are specific about the location of a certain event, the tides of time have often made it impossible to locate the site with any degree of exactness. A GOOD EXAMPLE of such a dilemma is the location of the House of the High Priest Caiaphas mentioned in all four gospels (Mt. 26:57-58, Mk. i4:53 - 54, Lk. 22:54-55, Jn. 18:15-18) as the place to which Jesus was taken after his arrest in the Garden of Olives. One group of scholars and archeologists believes that the house or palace of Caiaphas stood on the site of the present Armenian Church of St. Savior, near the Cenacle and the Church of the Dormition. Another group claims that the site is beneath the present church of St. Peter in Gallicantu which stands at the top of the ancient steps leading up from the Tyropoeon Valley or Valley of the Cheesemakers, to the top of Mount Zion. (Anchor Bible Vol. 29A) suggests a third site, the Hasmonean Palace, located farther up the Tyropoeon Valley. Thus, the experts are in honest disagreement as they try to piece together the various clues provided by scripture and tradition. THE QUESTION is not likely to be settled definitely and it is not really that important to the average tourist or student of the Bible. The significance of the Holy Land is that it is exactly that -- a holy land. The fact that a particular spot might or might not be historically exact does not detract one iota from the. fact that the land is the land of Yahweh, the land of Jesus, the land of the prophets and the land of the apostles. All this is leading up to a discussion of one of the possible sites of the High Priest's Palace, St. Peter's in Gallicantu, or St. Peter's at the Cockcrow. TIlE CHURCH took its name from the fact that it was in the courtyard of the Palace of the High Priest where Peter, after having vehemently denied knowing Jesus, heard the cock crow and recalled the words of Jesus: "Before the cock crows today you will deny me three times." And St. Luke tells us (Lk. 23:62) "He went out and wept bitterly." For more than 1,600 years the spot has been a place of pilgrimage. In 333 A.D. the Pilgrim of Bordeaux wrote about it. In the Fifth Century the courtyard where Peter wept became a station of the Holy Thursday procession and a basilica was erected in memory of St. Peter's tears. The crusader Saewulf, from Wor- cester, gave the spot the name "Gallicantus" which means the cockcrow. FATHER RAYMOND Brown, DURING THE period after inhiscommentaryofJohnlS:15 the crusades the shrine was THESES ANCIENT STEPS lead to Mount Zion fro Jerusalem. Scholars agree that they are a remnant of e oldest street in the Holy City and probably were used bY Jesus on the night before His death. (NC Photo) destroyed. The exact location has been disputed ever since. Those who deny that St. Peter's in Gallicantu is built over the palace acknowledge that the grottoes beneath the church were probably where Peter came to weep after the realization of his denials struck him. THE AUGUSTINIAN Fathers who administer the church claim the grotto is the dungeon and scourging place where Jesus was abused and kept the night of his arrest. In the top of the dungeon is a hole through which the prisoners were lowered by means of a rope slung beneath their arms. There are crosses painted in red and black on the walls and around the rim of the hole. They are believed to date back to the early Christians who venerated the spot. A small altar has been erected in the dungeon where Mass is said regularly for the conversion of sinners. Adjacent to the dungeon is the scourging place or common prison where the prisoners were spread-eagled for their punish- ment. The dungeon is connected to the scourging place by .' window through which a l.ive could keep an eye oo i dungeon prisoner. ., Ill J[% OUTSIDE THE chUli leading down to the PI][ Valley and the Pool Tyro of sil e are the ancient acknowledged by all scholar'il the oldest street in Jeru, fi,., Regardless of which locati  might have been, the steP, il almost surely those use--_,iNIh Jesus and his captors Wla[k r was brought to the palsdl " Caiaphas. ) 1974 NC News SerVid Musings CONTINUED FROM Pe= derestimated; but It is not role to change di! Revelation. It is their role p the doctrine of God into modern world - to mag divine teachings morej derstandable to the nw mind. Angels were created bY 6 ST. PAUL states, speak the preeminence of ChriSl is the image of the in God, the first-born o creatures. In Him ever thy..j heaven and on eart 4 created, things visible 1 invisible, whether thro#i dominations, principaliti#.o,_ powers; all were cr''|I4V- through Him, and for (Col. 1, 15-16) And the psalmist "Bless the Lord, all angels, you mighty in who do his bidding, spoken word. Bless the you his hosts, his do his will." (Ps 103, A special group of people. WARREN BALDWIN MARK WILLIAMSON COMMERCIAL NATIONAL BANK BUILDING ALLAN MEADORS JIM ROBINSON LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS 72203 AGAIN: "Praise him his angels, praise him, his hosts." (Ps 148,2) accompanied Tobiah journeys, alld at the end f his identity known to fathe! son, "I will now tell )'1 whole truth; I will co nothing at all from you. I already said to you, 'a I secret it is prudent to keel the works of God are to be known with due honor. now tell you, that whe Tobit, and Sarah prayed, I who presented and re$ record of your Glory of the Lord; same thing when you ..'[ bury the dead. When you dlL-' hesitate to get up and leave J' dinner in order to go allo ] the dead, I was sent to put Y.]l the test. At the same ..1 however, God commiH BALDWIN-MEADORS me to heal you andl:[ daughter-in-law Sarah. :e#ll &WILLIAMSON, INC. Raphael, one of the ,1, angels who enter and .!1 before the Glory of the w" I I There are many passages in the Old and Testament testifying tol existence of the invisible w[[ the spirit world of angels | and bad. L