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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 28, 1914     Arkansas Catholic
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March 28, 1914

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l hration that we, Chester iemble d, charges- as pub- :heir re- .'ring, to tisrepre- and ly- body of use of pose SO doei'vine all men lisciples, )ther." e action ising in nl be said :orn and acquies- ; never- that his 1at calm m of the sement. I] THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN ! The Southern "A Catholic uardian should paper is a per- be in every petual mission." .atholic home in ..................................................... : . ............................. -: -:= :--\\; ..... - .... . : ": - . ............ Pope Leo XIII. i Arkansas" The Offieial Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas ....... _5  ...... .......... i. IL.ZII .... L L ...... ........ i ....J.Z_ " - .T ..15_ .." .i . - .................................... . ......................... . / .ii ...................  771..L...2' J ..... i Vol. 4. Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, March 28, 1914 ............... .................................................... tMISSISSIPPI ..... "'" Grand Exemplification Charles Carroll * * t'otmcil 7OI Iohn ].orge; Bradford,] ()he superintendent * said t';c, tTouncil 4o3, I'atrick Gallagher;J Louisiana \\;V:tshington, D. C., Spahling Council t e r tee N. Y. Council 0'0, John F.. lhuring-' t,m; Amarillo, Texas, Council I45O, on file (as prescribed by law) that his company, at its AGITATORS ARE factory, conformed to the child lahor law of that state, and that it was not LIMELIGHT IN detrinlental t,, their bus les.. Which goes to prove that Mississ- ADVOCATE NOTORIOUS CON- VENT INSPECTION BILL IN STATE LEGISLATURE. BIGOTS FOLLOW DOUBLE CODE OF REAL ETHICS ICanneries, Not Convents, Are in Sore Need of Inspection and Then Something More. The "Liherator" of Magnolia, Ark., takes a great deal of pleasnre (issue of Feb. 26, I914) in advising its readers that a "convent inspection" Bill is up hefore the legislature of the state of Mississippi for action, and has been rob.fred to the Com- mittee on Edttcation. This Bill is of the saule notorious stamp as the Bifl Isulnnitted a year ago to the legisla- tire bodies in a number of states, "and the arguments then advanced inst tllat measure obtain with tal force in regard to this piece of a:'oposed legislation. ( f the State of Mississippi were en- Itirely beyond criticism in the ad- ministration of its own penal and charitable institutions as also in its privately conducted industrial estab- lishments, one migh t still have rea- son to doubt the propriety of this d- mand fot" an inspection law applying to convents. But that state is still in sore need of more urgent legislation kmerican and inspection a need which de- ally re- man(ls prompt attention. When q  amnnton ilreszdeut Wilson was.. being enter- in any !tained at Pass Christian in lffisstss- legiance ippi off January 2, of this year, ee deny, children were being exploited in the : are in. most shanefnl manner within a slastieal ,slcmC throw of the entertainers. Lant:c uf-'ays the New York sun, reporting lhe President's visit: the con .... While the President was on the elr God tier he was ohserved with great in- heir own crest by the throng of oyster mt same ;huckers busily toiling in the Iraughty shed of the packing com- zation a tony. He saw children 7 to 8 years we point old working in steam and blustering of our wind, their little hands sore and dmsoned bleedin from the action of the acrid country uices and tke brine. The President our own tarted to take a walk through the laws and oyster packing plant, but a wlfiff of Mnciples the noisome steam struck him and nent ts he retired to the motor car." The reception committee at Pass ;tence of Christian might have given the Presi- lo gather ident an opportunity to view this Lets that side of life in Mississippi, if the in- )bserving " 'bitants in taht state are so eager xcks that ! inspection. He might then have in an en- in what F staff photographer Hine we sm i  the National Child Labor Com- ments o -1"- . i* tree saw when he visited that city ,e justice |n February 19ii. Concerning these :xpress..ed [Canneries he writes (see Survey, Feb. reate diS- p8, lz4, n 66-I" " 4 at-. ,at tsts wlTI  'Come out to one of these can- r" __ ,[e ms at 3 o'clock some morning. --- !ere is the crude, shed-like building, "ith a long dock, where the oyster ,ats unload "It is cold, damp, dark. The whistle few some time ago, and the weary orkers slipped into their meager xrments, snatched a bite to eat here is no time for breakfast now) ad hurried to the shucking shed. 'te padrone told me: " 'El day don't it up, I go and git 'em up.' ', "See those little ones Over there U.mbling through the dark Over the al:ll piles, muncbing a piece of bread Ul rubhing their heavy eyes. Child- r f 6, 7 and 8 years take their places itch the adults, and are at work all ,r." 3ut, some one will say, "things ', y have been thus in I9II; it would {Jt be fair to assume that these con- )Ifions still prevail." The assumption led not be taken for granted. I]. . Jones, of the National Child '%bor Committee, reported, in Janu- ': 1914, just at the, time at which ksident Wilson stopped at Pass ristian, as follows on the situation Pass Christian and vicinity. After fining the legal restrictions on ippi is more lax in legally demanded Sple did Cla t = S ty Fiv Ca di inspection than the State of Louisi- n SS o even - e n - ana. If the l)cople of the State real- ly intend to improve conditions by inspection, let them begin to exer- cise the duties laid upon them by the laws already enacted. Unless they do that--and we have seen that they do not--any attempt on their part to impose inspection on convents, on the instigation of rabidly anti-Catho- lic 1)r,)l)agandists, needs must savor of religious hias, and needs must im- mediately he discredited for this rea- son. C.B. Peter W. Collins Coming Next Weel00 Anti-Socialist Lecturer to Be Heard in Five Arkansas CitiesLittle Rock Friday, April 3. Mr. Peter W. Colline of Boston, who is delivering lectures on Social- isnl throughout the country under the auspices of the Knights of Columbus, will reach Arkansas ou Tlmrsday, April the second, and will remain in the state one week. His first lecture in this state will be given at Fort Smith and the last one at Paragould. Following is the dales and places of his lectures in :\\;rkansas : Fort Smith, Thursday, April 2. Little Rock, Friday, April 3. Pine Bluff, Sunday, April 5. .ldneslmr'o, Monday, April 6. d'aragould, Tuesday, April 7. From Paragould Mr. Collins goes to Menlphis to begin his tour of Tennessee. This lecture tour is part of the nation-wide educational campaign recently inaugurated by the Knights of Columbus, the object of which is the education, not only of Catbolics, but of the great body of sincere non- Catholic Anlericans as to the attitude of the Church upon tlle great ques- tions of tbe day touching morality and affecting civivl society. The public in general, therefore is most cordially invited to attend these leeturres, which are absolutely free to all comers. Mr. Collins is a well known writer and speaker on social and economic questions. The snbject of his present lecture is "The Coming Conflict, or the Menace of Socialism." The press, both secular and rel'iglous, gives unstinted praise to Mr. Collins for the clear and capable manner in which he handles this important subject. Large audiences greet him wherever he goes, and it is confidently expected that Arkansas will not be an excep- tion. Pioneers To Take Two Leading Parts "Feral" Kuhn and "Jimmy" Gray to Work' Together in Knights of Columbus Initiation Tomorow. Hon. James A. Gray, former terri- torial deputy of Arkansas and past Grand Knight of Little Rock K. of C. Council Number 82, will go to Memphis tomorrow to assist State Deputy I,'erd E. Kuhn of Nashville, Tenu., confer the first three degrees of Knighthood on a large class of candidates. Mr. Gray will take the leading part--that of State Deputy. "Ferd" Kuhn and "Jimmy" Gray; as they are generally known are pioneers in Knights of Columbus work in the two states of Tennessee and Arkansas and have often worked together in initiations, state and national conventions and their work- ing together tomorrow, each in a prominent role, will bring back to dates Initiated at Muskogee. Big Event for Knights of Columbus In Oklahoma-Arkansas District. (By Staff Corrcslmndent.) Muskogee, Okla., March 22.-- Another l)right pagc'; writte in 'the history of Knighthood today in this city w'hen a class of seventy-five caniddates was given the Fourth Degree of the order of the Knights 6f Colmnbus. The degree work was in charge of Ed J. Delaney of Okla- homa City, Master of the Fourth Degree for the Oklahonaa-Arkansas district, lie was assisted in the exemplification hy the following eam: Dr. J. W. Riley, Oklahoula City, H.; J. W. Maney, Oklahoma City, R..; V. L. Spalding, Little Rock, N.; Rev. B. Mutsaers, D. D., Okla- homa City, C.; J. tI. McMorrow, Bartlesville, E C.; P. A. Gavin, Muskogee, D. F.; J. L. Voegell, Oklahonla City, Marshall. The Elks kindly gave the use of their handsonle home to the Knights for the initiation. The hall was beautifully decorated for the occaslou and tile ceremonies througl- out were beautiful and impressive. , Previous to the beginning of the degree work the melbers and can- didates went in a body to nine o'clock High Mass, at the Churcll of the Assumption, celebrated by Rev. Dr. Mutsaers, rector of the. Cathe- dral at Oklahoma City. 'Father Mutsaers had heen invited by the pastor, Rev. Joseph Van ]Iulse, to preach the special sermon for the occasion and this he did without show of eloquence, but with sound logic and words fnll of significance. llc slmke of the power of speech and the wonderful influence it exerts in the world--some- times for good. sometimes for evil. "The human voice," said he, "places man, in one respect at least, a little above the angels, bnt unfortunately tiffs glorious God given faculty of speech is too often used to harm the speaker and the one spoken of." He recited several instances to show the terrihle consequences of the sin of calumny and detraction. His sermon made a wonderful inlpression on tim congregation which filled the hand- some new church to overflowing. The special nmsic at the Mass was unusually good. Promptly at 1:3o the candidates and members, about 200 in all, in full regalia, assembled at the Elks l:all shortly after which the exem- 12.1!hcation began and continncd to the COIICltlSU)ll at 5 o'clock, hn- mediately before leaving the hall for tile parade a prayer was offered hy the Rev. Chaplain for the recovery, If it is God's will, of Rt. Rev. J. M. Lucey, V. G., who was a candidate for the degree, hut owing to serious illness was unable to be present. Leaving the hall the Knights march- ed, two and two, through the principal streets of the city to the Severs hotel. 2\\;11 along the line of march the streets were thronged with people who viewed with wonder and admiration the plmned Knights, who, with full dress, sword and baldric, !made a most striking appearance. At the Severs hotel, a lmndsome new ten story structnre, a banquet, elaborate indeed, was served and tmsts of the better kind were giveu. Master Ed J. Delancy, presiding, in- troduced Hon. A. A. Davidson, who, in the role of "Mr. Toastmaster" was quite equal to the occasion. l'ast State Depnty J. J. McGraw, of l'om.a City, was to have spoken the words of welcome, hut was tumble to he present and his place was ad- mirahly lilled by Dr. J. W. Riley. Very Rev. B. Mutsaers, D. D., in his own ininlitable way responded. Responding to the toast, "Our Conntry," Hon. Mathew J. Kane, of the Oklahoma Supreme Court read a scholarly paper that was sufficlently spiced with tittlng story to make it thoroughly enjoyable. "The ,Old Undying Church," was the snhject of an eloquent toast by Thonlas White. Pat M. Malloy, the orator of Okla- homa. in his nsual good way re- sponded to the toast "The Knights bf Columhus." 'The Press and Civic Duty," was responded to by V. L. Spalding. P. A. Gavin complimented the ladies in his toast, "The Un- crowned Qneens." Folowing are the nanlcs of the initiates and the Conncils to which they belong: Little Rock, Ark., Council 82, George Victor Kocrs; Fort Smith, Ark., Council 996, Wallace V. Hess, Benjamin E. Danshy, Stephen Gersture, James A. Burke, Frank M. Coffee; Pine Bluff, Ark., Council I153, Thomas F. McCabe; Zanesville, Ohio; Council 5o5, A. T. Secrest; ( (;onrad J. Schafers; Emlmria, Kan., leo Council 727, \\;/ictor J. Melvin; Kansas City, Kan., Danlian Council $26, Joseph \\;\:. \\;Vrcnn; l(anc, Pa., Council 715, F. \\;V. MeCann; Bartles- ville, Okla., Cmmcil 13o2, J. J. l,i/lchan, Thomas F. th}hson, P. A. \\;Viseman, Chas. l.. ].arkin; Okla- homa City, Okla., Council Io38, :\\;ntonio D. Young, Evans A. Nash, Win. Conolly, JoJseph C. Geirk, Isadore P. Mantz, Frank J. "Voltz, I'atrick J. Hodgens; Okeene, Okla., St. Francis ('onneil 153.3, B. C. Salm; Okmulgee, Okla., Council 1677, Sylvcster A. Forhes, B,-,F. Karcher, IContmued On Page 'l'hreel Largest Class / .... Ever Initiated By Any Catholic Society in Ark- ansas Will Be Initiated at St. Edward's Hall, Palm Sunday. ]'ahn Sunday, April 5, will be a great clay for the German Catholics of Little Rock. On this day a class of one hundreds candidates will be initiated into the St. Joseph's l;enevolcnt Society. It is said by those in position to know that this will be the largest class ever initlat- ed by any Catholic society in Ark- ansas. Members and initiates will attend High Mass at St. Edward's at Io:3o and at 3:oo o'clock will meet at St'. F.dward's hall where the initiation will begin imnlediately. John Binz will be master of cerenlonies and will be assisted hy A. Arnold, Jr., president; J. V. Probst, secretary; and John Snyder, treasurer. tlon. \\;Vm. F. Oberste, of Hart- man, president of the State Federa- tion of German Socleties, will be present and deliver an address. St. Joseph Benevolent Society, will after this initiation, have more than two hundred nlenahers. Already more than forty applications for menflership have heen rccelved and another large class will he taken into the society at an early date after Easter. In numbers there is strength and therefore, reasoning from that truth the conclusion nlnst bc that St. Joseph's Benevolent Society must surely be a strong arm of the church and a power for good in the com- munity. Missionary Worl00; China and Japan What the Protestant and Catholic Misisonaries Are DoingA One- Sided Report Is Made. The Carnegie Endowment for In- ternational Peace seems to regard its field of patronage strictly limited to the i86 different varieties of Pro- testantism. By the report of Charles H. Eliot, the representative of the Endowment Commisison in China and Japan, it would appear that no missionaries save non-Catholic ones were ever heard of in those countries. For one reason we ought to feel gratified that the Catholic missions did not come within his field of vision, so far as the report may be regarded as a reflection of the gen- eral missionary conditions. The non- Catholic missionaries, so far from shrinking from the charge of meddling wilh the political affairs of the countries of the Orient. make many pious yet humbly proud refer- ences to the share which the mission- aries have had in the overthrow of the Empire and the setting up of the Repuhlic in China. For this reason it may be prndent to restrain the en- thusiasm of those political intriguers when they are sent to Japan, since 'the Mikado may not appreciate the /''iew of lines of duty which the ',n/ issionaries seem accustomed to [take. Notwithstanding the absence of reference to the Catholic mis- Number 3 WOMAN'S -SHARE IN REMEDYING SOCIAL EVILS WOMAN'S PLACE IN MODERN INDUSTRIAL LIFE AS VIEW- ED BY WOMEN. ;EVERAL NOTABLE STUDIES ON THE SOCIAL QUESTION "The Woman Who Toils," "Woman and Labor," "Woman in Econo- mics," Making Both Ends Meet." Several notahlc studies on the so- cial question st0 far as it affects wo- man, and especially her place in modern industrial life, have lately been nmde by w,,me'. Wc may re- fer to Mrs. Van Vrst. "The Wonlan Who Toils," Olive Schreiner's "\\;Vonlan and Labor," Charlot'e Per- kins Gihnan's "Wonmn in Ecomo- talcs" and Sue Clark and Edith Wyatt's "Making Both Ends Meet." Another recent contribution to this subject is Rheta Childe Dorr's "What Eight Million Women \\;Vant" (Small, Maynard & Co.) In the great mass of books that appear on this eternal "Woman's Question," there are, of course, many which serve 11o purpose, whose cou- clusions are nntrnst;orthy or based on shallow observation, or 'which merely voice 1he pet. theory of some ohscure pink-tea soclologist. The hook undtr consideration is not of this class. It bears the marks of so- her study a.nd serious' refection. Its typical .leases and examples are largely gathered hy the author her- self. Some of the chapters were much discussed as tl}ey appeared serially iu Hampton's Magazine. The urgency of tl'e problenl stud- ied by Mrs. Dorr heeontes apparent when one recalls that the Census of ]9oo reported nearly six million women as employed in gainful occn- pations in this country. This fact is regarded by social workers as "one of the most signilicant features of the common history of this genera- tion," Mrs. Dorr declares that this con- dition is only one reason why she be- lieves that "the time has arrived when self-interest, ii other motives be lacking, will compel society to ex- amine the ideals of women." The numher of womcu wage-earners has enormously increased since 19oo. "Nine nlillion would be a conserva- tive guess." This "is surely the nlost importaut economic fact in the world today." Again, "withiu t-he pas twenty years no less than 954," ooo divorces have been granted in the United States. Two thirds of these divorces were granted to ag- grieved wives." This Mrs. Dorr considers the most important social fact we have had to face since sla- very was abolished. Again, in all civilized countries of the world, agi- tation for woman's suffrage is in- creasing and the movement toward admitting women to full political equality with men is gaing strength. "Does anyone question," she asks, "that this is the most important political fact the modern world has ever faced?" From these three facts. Mrs. Dorr concludes that we are oft the eve of a vast revolutionary move- nlent in society--the cessation of wo- men as a subsldiary cfass ill the comnlunity. Mrs. Dorr takes the 8oo,ooo mere- hers of the General Federation of Women's Clubs as the best represen- tatives of the modern woman's social activity and ahns. Hence the title of her hook. \\;Vhat Eight Million Wonlen Want. In the opinion of the New York Times' Review of Books. the work is "pretty nearly, if not quite, the first attempt that has been made to figure out inductively some prevision of what the great mass of women will do, as they advance to- ward more and more civic effleleney, wh,-lt the purposes are wMeh are tak/ng shape in their nllnds, and , :i I );:, / " the memory of the "old timers" the sious in Mr. Eliot's report, there are ild Labor, which are by no means m hts of Columbus  n what will be the effect on ctflza 1] . ' days when K "g VERY RE v B Mr'Pt, n n [such missions 'n China apd Japa , " "" ""'." ,& regent, he contnmes ' " t on" And what s best of all, the  " : order was iu its infancy in Tennessee .............. ['and the best proof that they are ' ' "" " - . I . ' t* " " " , T fo v fer hoses all her .neeulattons n$ Fails und 5o vlolatmns of. the law and Arkansas Several other Rector of the Cathedral, Oklahoma City, who celebrated High Mass doing effective work in the saving of "" ' , ' ' .... ' " tl "o to a es " 11 ' t the future statu of xoman, on al " ' unt' y g , and 45 as to ours in the Knights will accompany Mr. Gray to and preached the sermon as well as taking a prominent part in the[human souls is the.. recognition of ' ' -- ' ' " ':" r ' : ', nertes at hinted facts l " Pass Christian and Mem,qfis but will take no part in Fourth Degree exemplificatiOn, at Muskogee, Okla, on Sunday, March[that work by the nresent head of the " .... , " . 5 ' :rs. . ntty, I found no affidavits of age the initiation , a. '  [Chinese Republic, Yuan Shi Kai - (Continued ,On Eighth Page'i ' :'"' .. I I . ' ' I . . . ',. ,: