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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 26, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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March 26, 1943

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i private answer must be accompamed by a self addressed stamped envelope ' '  ' " We in tte only honest and worthwhile questions. ' M. UIIIIlIIII I SUBSCRIPTION PRICE.* $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of thl Dlocess af Llttle Rock and I pray God that it may be an oarnest champion of the cause of right, Justiae aud truth and an ardent dvfemder 01 the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the alnaera hops that its earner may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rosk. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended far publication sheuld reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editarial Office, 809 West 2nd. Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Plcture Servic---Knlghte of Columbus of Arkansas Parasould Council No. 1712 $12.00 Fort Smith Councl, No. S96_-.-2 ................ 22.S0 Little Rock Council, No. Slg_ 0 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ' 17.00 Blytheille-Oacela, Couneit, No. 2857. ..................... 12.00 Taxarkana Council No. 2,650_ 17.00 Pine Bluff Councit, No. 1162 ........................... 22.00 Stuttgsl-Siovaeown Council, Na. 2780 12.00 Jnnesboro Council, No. 1702 ......................... 12.00 MARCH 26, 1943 It by hb, erty ot the press, we understand merely the liberty iof discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but if it means the liberty of at- fronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerfully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others: for the privilege of not being abused myself."--Franklin. RATIONS AND RAFTS Rationing, an:d taxation hold the center of the stage. All men are vitaliy "cdneerned with both. One hits our larder and the other our pocket-book. Naturally there is a lot of grumbling lind complaining.: ,Few men part with their earnings or restrict their diets without growling. There in also a lot of unsound thinking. ' : .... Undouhtedly taxation is a heavy burden for the low in- Come groups They have no reserves to fall back on. It will become more pressing as the war lengthens. Rationing is an- noying. Rationin books, tickets and points gravely complicate the routine of daily life. Our waistlines dwindle before ration- 'ing and our surpluses before taxation. i In all our grumbling we should remember that rationing and heavy taxauon is as new to the execuuves of our count y iasit is to us. 'They are bound to make errors and mistakes. 'There will be marty kinks straightened out before all receive .just treatment. But on the whole the rationing system is de- signed to see that rich and poor alike have access to the neces- sities of life. ! During this lenten season it might be well for all of us to 'try and comply faithfully with all of our national burdens out of the spirit of Christian sacrifice. Offer up the burden of taxa- tion and the annoyance of rationing for our many national sins. Sacrifice will never kill any of us. Last week came another epic story of three men on a raft. For eighty-three days they braved a blistering sun and an un- predictable sea. They had provisions for less than one-fifth of ithe time. They had to sacrifice. Two of their comrades gave 'their !!ves. Tl:ere was a little grumbling: I never gave'up hope because I knew God was with me all the way." One thing alon brought them through the hazards of sea and sun--prayer. Each evening they prayed and Sunday was really as God intended it to be. God fed them from the air and the sea. He quenched their thirst in rain. We have had numerous examples of the power of prayer in this war. God still listens to those who seek His aid. He will listen to us. Pray this Lent as we have never prayed before. Pray that the peace of Christ may lift all burdens from the hearts of all men. EPISCOPALIAN REMARRIAGE The liberalizing of the laws of marriage in the Protestant Episcopal Church. as proposed in two new canons up for adop- tion, moves that religious body a step nearer the divorce court. Up to now. remarriage after divorce was recognized by that Church only if the former bond had been broken because of infidelity. By the proposed amendment it will be made fairly easy A divorced Church member, after the expiration of a year, may apply to his Bishop for permission to remarry. The Bishop, calling in another clergyman, a lawyer and a psychiartrist as consultants, passes judgment on the merits of the case, deciding whether or net the former contract was ,a marriage as our Lord taught marriage to be." The canon does not specify reasons except in general 'terms. The Commission, which framed it, blieves "that the discipline of the Church should be a discipline of equity rather than legalism." ' :  The Commission cites "Catholic tradition" for ,precedent a t not without a left-handed slap at the Catholic Church, which intains the sanctity .and indissolubility of marriage with such o rigor. As quoted in the press, its spokesman said: "The lman (Church) has i specified a great number of grounds for aanulment and rightly or wrongly has been accused of venality iqthe administration oF its law." .g The Catholic Church, as every intelligent person knows (cluding the author8 of the proposed canon and repeaters of tl F above canard), has definit e causes, called diriment in,pediments, which void the marriage contract at its inception. A verdigt upon the existence of such an impediment in a particular case is baaed on fae not on the exercise of psonal ,J ?amily in the first of the proposed canons. "The family" it .6. " t notes is, by God s appointment, the basle soeml unit." But the :eystone of the family is a marriage, which is indissoluble. --The Evangelist. SEEDS OF DISSOLUTION There still are indications in England of the dissolution of the Established Church. The talk of the disestablishment seems to be growing. The Non-Conformlsts are organized and the Catholic Church is rapidly gaining strength and numbers.  The day that the Anglican Church is disestablished will see converts to the old Mother Church by the thousands. On one occasion John Mallock was asked about his church affilia- tions. He answered "Politically, I am a Anglican." It is the same with many other prominent Englishmen. The great strength of the Anglican Church is in its legal or political char- acter. It is unique in the fact that it is the only Christian Church in the world "by law established." It is the creed of a political party. While the Anglican Church was united and backed up by the Crown it could put on a bold front and attract serious attention. The Crown is only a figurehead in present British government. The growth of power in the colonies, their as- sertion of independence has weakened central control in'Lon- don. Weakening of the authority of the Crown means weak- ening in the Establishment. If the Anglican Church is disestablished it means the end. h is not uncommon for controversy to last many years in England. TheEnglish people do not reach conclusions hastily but we may expect final results from the present apparent schism in the Established Church.Indiana Catholic. i Bureau Of The Central Vere;n Comments On Switzerland Articles on post-war planning contain more than their share of errors and false statements. Especially does this hold true of those which delve into former ages seeking models after which to fashion the "new" order. It is quite unusual, however, to find a leading Catholic weekly review to be a party to a serious error of .this kind. And yet in the magazine in question appeared a safeguards of religious liberty, as the article implies they are. Fr. Denis O'Keeffe, writing in the Irish quarterly, Studies,' shows the fallacy of such contentions. "From the Christian ioint of view," he writes, "a more fatal flaw in modern democracies came from the fact that they had grown up in alliance with a liberalistic and anti-religious philosophy de- rived from Rousseau and other few weeks ago the statement, in an article on post-war Europe, that in Switzerland there is no national, religious or racial op- pression. While the word "iS" in- dicates the present only, the sen- tence implies so favorable a con- dition has existed for some time. There could be little objection to the absence of a fuller explanation of the point were it not for the further statement that during the last three generations Switzerland has been an excellent model of the future United States of Europe proposed by the author. But does the history of Switzer- land, the "great little democracy," for the past three generations or so really bear out this author's claim regarding the absence of persecu- tion? Actually the entire nine- teenth century was an almost end- less series of persecutions directed chiefly against the Catholic Church. Even before 1800, in fact, the ideas which had found such fertile soil in the France o the great revolution were implanted in Switzerland by the revolution's forces. Thus by a decree of 1798 all monasteries were declared to be nationaI property and their suppression ordered. The Papal Nuncio was expelled and foreign bishops permitted to exercise their ecclesiastical flmction only through delegates approved by the government. The decree was par- tially rescinded, in particular the section referring to monasteries. It is a mistake to regard demo- cracies as the necessary and best d Words of Encouragement thinkers of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries." Curiously enough, Fr. O'Keeffe adds, demo- cracies were often associated "with a theory of state-absolutism and with a complete failure to recog- nize the rJghts of individuals, of the family, of subordinate associa- tions and of the Church. It was soon realized that no tyranny is so bad as that of an artificial ma- jority. And it should not be for- gotten that if the authoritarian states have oppressed and robbed the Jews because of a racial idea- elegy, many modern democracies had appressed and robbed relig- ious associations of their own na- tional virtue of a still more ob- noxious philosophy." This description fits nineteenth- century democratic Switzerland quite aptly. It should, together with the data concerning Swiss history, give Catholics pause in their enthusiastic endorsement of labels, the democratic one includ- ed. This is one pitfall that should be avoided at all costs in planning for the post-war world. CV Service Put Ye On Christ "On one occasion St. Paul preactmd to the Ephesians on this extraordinary text: Induite Chris- turn--Put ye on Christ. The Ephe- sians were a theatre-loving people A little talk straight fron the and St. Paul spoke to them in a figure taken from the theatre. . . shoulder is good for us occasional- Put you on--as an actor plays a ]y. Some good people take corn- part. fort in the thought that if they- A good actor wears not merely only knew what to do they would not bc found wanting. To take this group of people at their word and apply a little ad- vice directly from the Christ:s Vicar, may help to encourage some to greater confidence in the im- portance of themselves and the things they do. In 1937 Pope Plus'. XI said to Cardinal Verdier of Paris: "Let us thank God that we ae allowed to live now and face the tasks of the present. We should be proud to be privileged to witness and observe this tragedy which en- compasses the whole world. To- day no man car afford to. be mediocre. All have the absolute duty to become aware that they have a rSission to fulfill, the mis- sion to become still better than before, to do the seemingly im- possible, in ordereach in his own circle of activityto ease the lot of mankind." These are brave words from a brave man in his eightieth year. They are easily understood, and just as easily applied. For our mission is first, "to become still better than before." Above all and always, though, it is that willingness of heart that counts most. It is an honest will- ingness that flows naturally from a full heart. Willingness makes us immediately become God's in- the external dress of the character he is protraying but he endeavors to relive again that character or that part. Put ye on Christ. Let Christ be manifest in your lives, n your acts .... Put ye on Christ so that you may have, that you may never lose that appreciation and estimation of human beings to which those who need your help may the more quickly respond. A keen spiritual insight, founded on charity and fostered by personal holiness will do more to influence others than speeches or arguments. strument, once we place ourselves Jn His Hands." St. Peter was a willing instru- ment. He was full of it and spon- taneous with it. He was easily discouraged, too. Under trial he frequently gave up. He even de- nied ever having known Christ. He became fearful of his own helplessness and forgot his trust in his Master when valking upon water. Christ taught him, took great care in permitting him to learn from experience. How else can we explain why Christ per- mitted the Prince of the Apostles to sink into the water, which only a few minutes before He bade him to walk upon? If it was the full,generous heart of Peter that Christ loved so much, we would do well to permit Him to find some of this willingness and generosity in our hearts of the Why Does The Church Condemn South 8 Certain Books, Plays, Movies? by Christians are bound to avoid not only sin itself but also such Rev. Anthony Laeho ,n occasions, persons, places, and things, as might lead them into sin. C.S. Sp. ., ,e The reading of books or the witnessing of the plays and movies dan- (General Diocesan Chair.. gerous to faith or morals is, for the generality of men, occasion of The order for 1943 is foodd r sin. Solicitors for the spiritual welfare of her children, the Church od d fibre and a'll that! lc warns the faithful to avoid exposing themselves to the peril of sinning So much as can be pr0dt l, and condemns books and theater ' culture can throw in, to hel! tt entertainment that would be haz- When the expression "Mind of common cause, is Uncle ardot]s to the faith or morals of the Church" Is used what does it plea to the farmer. Dern her children, signify? " is an excellent form of g .t The Catholic practice has Bibli- The expression "Mind of the ment but its operations perh! 1 cal basis. Acts xix, 19 says: "And Church" means the attitude and a b't "slower sometimes, tha9 1 many who had practiced magical teaching of the Church with re- of other forms of gover$ ' arts collected their books and gard to matters not solemnly de- Sometimes confusion and l Yo t apr'i:t PrnrCrC  e' burned them publicly." The ined as dogmas of Faith but de- books burned were those that con- clared by her serious pronounce- :U rained formulae for seeking the meats and by the teaching of her s gress. This has been the n. aid of unclean spirits, approved theologians. To think with the farm question. * * and act with the Church in mat- The farmer is expected tl 'I If a person has received Holy ters not solemnly defined is char- duce more in 1943 than l Communion in the morning t acteristic of a loyal member of the in 1942, which was a faY' tt Mass and later in the day becomes Church. Lack of respect for the year. He was given the fa critically tll and Is In danger of mind of the Church incurs the to produce. Then his man'll death, may he receive Holy Corn- danger of complete loss of Faith. was cut by induction iBt| reunion again in the form of Via- * * * army. Next his machines  ticum? Is there any indulgence attached rationed; which was mort Yes: not only may the persofi to visiting the graves of the dead? essary than ever, becaUS receive Viaticum, but he should The Church has granted a plen- lessened man-power, lq i be encouraged to. The very word ary indulgence once a day to the definite was decided on, ! ,u "Viaticum" (used when referring faithful who during the octave of quently the farmers' mind i. to the reception of Holy Corn- All Souls Day (Nov. 1) piously very vague on how muchIF,, munion as death nears) means a and devoutly visit a cemetery and he should really put into PI_ Companion on a journey, or a co- pray, even though only mentally tion.  traveler; it signifies that Christ for the dead. To those who make A Democracy generally [', accompanies the soul from this such a visit at other times the out for the best and eve world to the next. Church grants an indulgence of the mass of people begin t l * * * seven years, the right way and act $ h I What is meant by a mixed mar- The plenary indulgence is grant- ingly. At length we are .  rlage? " ed under the usual conditions: ning to realize how impel l A marriage between a person Confession, Communion, visit to a in to have milk, butter and d who is a Catholic and one who church and prayer for the inten- These things cannot be is not a Catholic is termed a mix- tions of the Holy Father. Both there are not farmers 1 ed marriage. indulgences are applicable only to farms raising cows. Feedt d caring for them, milking the dead. (Preces et Pia Opera, and then marketing the pl ' Mary "brought forth her first- N. 456). , Feed has to be raised f0  born son" (Matt. 1:15) therefore, * * * cows. To raise feed the let 1 to any honest and intelligent read- What are the Seven Sorrows of be put in condition, and f er, the Implication Is that Mary the Blessed Virgin? manpower is needed. W ll: had other children. Is this not so? (1) An "intelligent" reader, The Seven Sorrows of Our Lady, been reading about Pair : familiar with the Jewish mind and popularized as a subject for spirit- being sold because of phraseology, knows well that an ual meditation by the Servite or- manpower. Here in only son was referred to as the der, are---the prophecy of Simeon, Faulkner county, a dairy rill ' first-born. Certain legal rites, the flight into Egypt, the Three his herd last week becSl  such as being presented to the days disappearance of her Son, inability to realize profiti Lord, were to be observed regard- His painful progress to Calvary, his herd after buying th d ing the first born son, without His Crucifixion, the removal of If these Dairy cows find waiting to see whether the mother His body from the cross, and His way to the slaughter ho t a! had other children later or not. entombment. There are two feasts will be consumed in a shO.i  Thus Exodus 13:2 "Sanctify unto in honor of the Seven Sorrows, the and we will have that mt! me every first born" whether he Friday in Passion Week and the butter, milk, cheese and:  third Sunday in September. This problem now seems ] be eventually one of many or an only son. (2) An "honest" read- . in part to have been sol: er, genuinely seeking the truth, What indulgences may be gain- the Senate, alarmed by ? of immenent food shortage:, does not rely upon his own opin- ed. by those who can not make the 50 tO 24, a bill denying saY i ions but seeks to be enlightened Way of the Cross in church, but agricultural workers to tl.e: by someone who knows, and he re- use a crucifix blessed for this pur- forces. The measure whi t! spects the traditional teaching pose.* goes to the House, would which has never wavered' since They may gain the same In- draft boards to defer  :' the beginning of Christianity. dulgences as those who make the employed * * * Way o the Cross in church; name- inpro In the administration of the Sa- ly, a Plenary Indulgence, each (Dem .and Va.)" declared 70 t'E: erament of Extreme Unction why time the Way of the Cross is made; are all the bodily senses anointed? another Plenary Indulgence if of farm workers alreadY' Because so often it is by the made on the same day they have been drafted. If this st bodily senses that people are led approached the Holy Table or if is true we can readily ' into sin. Those bodily senses are having made the stations 10 times, problem the farmers all o five: sight, hearing, smell, taste they shall receive Holy Com- country are facing. 'i and touch. The priest therefore munion within a month. An In- Caraway and Melellalrtl anoints the body according to these dulgence of 10 years is granted for voted for the bill. Wl  senses, the eyes, the ears, the sos- each Station, if one has begun and democratic "form of GoVe,.i trils, the mouth and the hands, been reasonable prevented from will have ironed out the  At each anointing he says the ap- completing the Stations. of the farm problem, g , propriate prayer. For example, when anointing the ears he says, * * * have straightened out labl blems, the suc / h "By this holy anointing and 'Call you tell me a patron of doe- then be wide h through His most loving mercy, tors and phystciaus? may the Lord forgive you what- Saints Cosmas and Damian, The various farm orgar ever sins you have corr/mitted twin brothers, who practiced the should now straiglaten o.It' difficulties to expedite .l through the sense of hearing." art of healing, but accepted no pay All differences ought to beS.lthth And so on with the others. In for their services are patrons of  cases of urgent necessity, when doctors. They were martyred by ened out and work harn there is no time to fulfill all the beheading in the perescution of toward obtaining best . anointings, the priest may give one Diocletian in the year 287. Their This can only be accomPB coming to a common alr,! only, anointing the sick person on feast day is September 27. and understandzng" on t, It " the forehead saying, "Through Other patron saints of doctors sent day agricultural p,1 this holy anointing may the Lord are: St. Luke, whose feast day The endeavor of all orga..dl forgive whatever sins you have is October 18, Raphael, October and individual effort sh0 . committed." 24, and St. Pantaleon, July 27. S T' " E ' tend tward the cmmn " 14 we are to survive as a # ANGE BUT TRU "" r Why He Beoame A Facts Catholics L i t t I - K n o w n On the first night of the4 {By M. J. MURRAY a, 1. .  w. , .,  as I walked from the chur[ rectory, my friend, an /.:/ Judge of tim State SupremeS': met me. He was a conve'| man of keen, legal mind', t "Father, several of mY:ilk are here tonight and I 1)1;i , they have brains enoug tf . derstand that the Catholie , is the one and, only true :, of Christ." M',,' "Why did you become s 30 d lic?" I asked. h:" "Because I have a legl:i  he replied calmly. "ANY '1$0 a legal mind must beoome Wrlt olic or close his eyesto tl. As you know, I have be cessful lawyer and mY elk i ment to the State Supre, has made me most critic' examination of evidenceh0" alysis of Protestantism that much was wantirg'. point seemed to me an t God's intelligence. I will "We lawyers know that: Government can exist v(,], rupreme Court to decidl meaning of the law an4 t pret the mind of the legl l OUR LI o'JLUill every man could interpre;:! 't ---- i the c.nt'r o tYa qs he pleases, there would,l and anarchy in a short ,1 is a wise Legislator and qt left some means, like ot. Court, to interpret His ,.5, and the meaning of HiS w Protestantism, I found _. Supreme Court; every. ' lrets the Holy Scriptta Wishes. The Catholic Ch ,tlsa has a Supreme Court ara.,'ita trine of infallibility and logical, namely, is preserved from See CATHOLIC on pale