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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 26, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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March 26, 1943

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,I By , Cradle-to-grave program o:, _h  n sted to" the r2Q g .ss by Pre'dent Roosevelt O. '0 " 2,. fo tJnble Volume ch-plans Is that they _., . ,. . :.. many points that are not and they leave human nature of consideration altogether. L of the projects that are pro- are routine planning. It is Ous that all ex-service men Ildbe returned to jobs. Those, aave been wounded or in- itated must be provided for. When it comes to sendiug ts to college, that is another L r. It is also ha.rd to see why gq 'vernment should furnish free   for all school children. ling to the natural laB', the ,'t have the obligation of car- Ir their children, educating -eding them. We are at war i Just such practices in the t Countries. Germany, Italy Ussia have a system, wlere- |te children are wards o the The State has no right to the authority that belongs  Parents. nation's part- Th } in business appears to be tt lnpt on tile part of the gov-  to take over prh, ate busi- i. ! The whole plan is sinister. !s no indication given of s to be financed. The fact ; all plans that have been ted for the making of a WOrld after lhc war are g In one very important de- They expect to make the setter without makiug men ][f' A little consideration will e rSlze very iutelhgent person ]bt that God created a good u T  , he sins of mankind have  cause of every misfor- q',eVery war and injustice that !r existed. If men can be ted to return to God to li  ten commandments there  to need for any Cradle-to- an. If men do not choose t.God's plan, no other that Red will ever succeed. d economic injustice will  as heretofore. Any at- Ya paternal government the ills of the human race terlaltstic fashion will fll.  ?tly Heaven that is given is only God that may be ! the asking." delinquency has reach- as to be alarm- the service men are by the fact that accost them on the at first seemed to irrelevant is now corn- to themselves. They conditions in so many country that they are fear about their own They Mways thought home were good. Now what the war is doing yomlg ones, who patriotic to enter- men, even to the ex- g their souls' and the souls of the With whom they as- point out that per cent of the aer- ate bad. Fifteen per good that there is little changing them. The eventy per cent con- great rank and file of are capable of .'r way. In their de- to these young are away from home, Our people, young and lost their heads. The Which mothers and un after service men to the boys, who have reared. Too much paid to enter- not enough to safe llr youth. H the par- Found girls can not it is time for authorities to it. The military of- interested in the boys. The proms- morals will do much Work. Despite this, commanders have o stop the sale of evices, even in the that this nation's is healthy animals, better than the Axis Russia and hygiene. If we of the people, and for the people, ave citizens, who are Hygiene is as it goes, but ards must be upheld, Under God, is to con- and prosper. time there is concerning the as morale builders those who parUel- for effl- in the war. vs on the football sport can only former self in the day of vie- fae from being a who has any mbJect, will say e sports are not boys. But many coaches either fail that, at best, and corn- done so much of our football play- restricted. H many are now ex- to the armed clear that many been available if other athletics encouraged. remarked that must have re- at the battle on the B on Page 8 L . II OVER THE TOP FOR VICTORY.00 UNITED STATES WAR BONDS.STAMPS ,'HE OFFICIAL "RGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, MARCH 26, 1943 NO. 12 Observers on Long Struggle Looming .Over Course To World Peace, WASHINGTON LETTER Washington. N. C. W. C. -- Gradually, as attention in Washington turns to post-war aspects of the world situation, it is becoming more evident that world peace and world security are not going to be attained without a long and arduous struggle. Signs of pohical maneuvering are already appearing. Ques- tions are being asked. What the respective roles of the United States will be is being debated. Every day the problem is be- coming, on the surface at least, more confusing. The immediate question is not what is to be done but how it is to be done. Will the United States, Great Britain, Russia an China collaborate in laying the founda- tions for world security or will they go separate ways? In the conferences of the British Foreign Security Anthony Eden with American officials this subject was undoubtedly discussed, al- :though probably no decisive con- clusions were reached. President Roosevelt intimated that the time was not ripe for discussing in de- tail a program of world readjust- ment. This sentiment was also expressed by Senator Wheeler, who suggested that it would be futile to consider now any plans of this kind "until we know what the political situation is going to be in Europe and Aia, whether Europe is going to be Communist or not." In other words, is Russia going to play ball with the other United Nations or take, on its own in- itiative, the measures it may deem necessary to its own security? lntimations have already been forthcoming that Stalin will de- raand control over the small bord- er States that stand between his country and Germany as a pre- caution against any future Ger- man invasion. This would run counter to the general principles enunciated in the Atlantic Charter. The British Foreign Secretary took the position that peace in Europe could be maintained only by the collaboration of the United States, Great Britian and Russia, not by Great Britian and Russia alone, as was erroneously an- nounced. Even more baffling is the question whether the three powers will be able to work to= gether after the war as closely as they have worked while the war s m progress. This involves the further question of the role Com- munism will play, as Senator Wheeler pointed out. Regardless of what the Soviet Government may do officially, Communism may be used as an implement for advancing Russian aims and may become a serious menace to any )lan for world security that may be agreed upon by the democratic nations. Essentially Communism is doctrinal and international. It recognizes in principle, no politi- cal boundaries. Moreover, the spread of Communism in the wake of the distress following the war is a danger to be reckoned with. The Russian regime cannot very well be democratic, on the one hand, and communistic on the other. From the one point of view, the Russian people have the right to choose whatever kind of govern- ment they please but, from the Communist viewpoint its mission See PEACE on page 8 Jewish Soldier Credits Medal With Survival San Diego {E)--The story of a Jewish soldier, tail-gunner on a bomber in the South Pacific, who carries a Miraculous Medal and attributes his survival of many perilous engagements to the care of the Blessed Virgin is told in a letter sent by Capt. Kenneth G. Stack, army chaplain and a priest of this diocese, in a letter to the Most Rev. Charles F. Buddy, Bish- op of San Diego. Writing of the return of a bomb- er from a stiff engagement with the enemy, Father Stack said: "Not long ago, when we were returning from a mission in which the plane had been heavily at- tacked by Zeroes and anti-craft fire, one of the side-gunners asked me to bless his rosary. As I did so the tail-gunner came out of his tunnel, reached into his pocket and produced a beautiful Mira- culous Medal which he also asked me to bless. "He,must have read the question in my eyes because he immediately spoke up: 'I'm Jewish, Father, but I always carry the Blessed Mother with me into combat.' "Nor was he loath to give her credit for our escape from a su- perior number of enemy aircraft. IIe voiced by unspoken thought when he said: 'I know it's her that gets us out of these tight spots.' "With such clients as these, who can deny her the title--'Moth- er of Mankind.'" Wm. E. Naphen New USO, NCCS Director Little Rock.--The NCCS, USO Club welcomed Mr. William E. Naphen, March 16, as .em- porary director. He was ormerly from Okla- homa City, Okla., and a grad- uate of Georgetown University, Washington, D. C, For many: years Mr. Naphen has been con- nected with the Boy Scouts and the Catholic Youth Organiza- tions in Oklahoma City. AT POPE'S ANNIVERSARY MASS Pictured following the Solemn Mass in the crypt of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception, Washington, on the occasion of the fourth anniversary of the Coronation of Pope Pius XII, are, left to right: Right Rev. Msgr. Patrick J. McCormick, Acting Rector of Catholic University; Archbishop Amleto Giovanni Cicog- nani, Apostlic Delegate to the United States; Madame Heruiqueto Soares, sister of the Brazilian Ambassador, and Count Robert Van Der Straten-Ponthoz, Belgian Ambassador to the United States, Rent Newsphoto. (N.C.W.C.) t Subiaco Abbey (eJlebrates' Feast Of St. Bene00l,ct; Ninety Lay Oblates Received Subiaco."Unlike so many other famous personages of history who dominated the stage for a few years and then passed, living now only in the dead pages of history, Saint Benedict of Nursia, sixth-century founder of the Benedictine Order, known as the "Patriarch of the Monks of the West," lives not only in story and in fable, but lives his life all over again century after century through his faithful sons and daughters, lives behind the mon-I astic walls of every abbey," said' the Rev. Michael Lensing, editor of The Abbey Message, who preached a "Triduum" series last week-end commemorative of the 1,400th year of Saint Benedict's death. Father Michael delved deeply into the Benedictine Rule, which he called a model for the "ideal Christian Family life." He declared it to be the most potent book for good ever written out- side the Bible itself. He told in outline the history of Benedictin- ism in the early days, when the' sons of the patriarch christianized all of Europe and along with the Catholic church itself were the only thing not conquered by bar- barous hordes at the time of the migration of nations. "When sav- age tribes would descend upon a district, burning the abbey along with everything else, the monks would scatter, await the passing'of the scourge, then return and build all over again," Father Michael said, describing the timelessness of their labors, which looked only to heaven for results. About ninety lay oblates were received into the novitiate stage Sunday afternoon at solem ves- !pers and benediction. Members of nearly all leading families of the Subiaco parish are included in this number. The Rev. Anselm Mendez prepared the candidates, and he was assisted by the Rev Lambert Eckelhoff. The at. Rev. Paul M. Nahlen, abbot, invested the layoblates with the small scapulai  of St. Benedict. "This purely spiritual society, with no dues and no obligations beyond spiritual ones, cannot fail to re- suit in good for yourselves, your families, the Church and the state," Father Abbot said, addressing the oblates. Assisting at pontiflcal functions were the Rev. Anthony Schroeder, archpriest; the Revs. Michael Len- sing and Cletus Post deacons of honor; the Revs. Patrick Harmon and Fintam Oldham, deacons of the Mass; the Revs. Paul Hoede- beck and Robert Lazzari, masters of ceremonies. The Rev. Am- brose Branz directed the abbey choir and the Revs. Gerald Sacra and Anselm Mendez were chantors. The Rev. Edward Chrlsman, Paris, preached the special festive ser- mon Monday, ably discussing Benedietinism as a remedy for cer- tain modern ills of society. Tile abbey annually invites the clergy and Sisters and Brothers of :the diocese to be guests of Subiaco on the great feast of the founder of the Order. War conditions cur- tailed attendance this year. Mexican President Lauds Spirit Of Catholic Clergy Mexico City. E)--"I do not be- lieve that old and already settled problems in religious matters will be restirreCted," President Manuel Evila Camacho said at the recent banquet at which he entertained the press. Having expressed con- fidence in the good sense of the Mexican people, the President ad- ded that the Mexican Catholic 'clergy is animated by a progressive spirit and fully conscious of their responsibilities to the country." Article 3--the education clause of the Federal Constitution--has caused so much dissension in Mexico, the President said, because there was included in the wording of this article the struggle "against fanticism" and the 90 per cent Catholic population of Mexico "re- garded it as a persecution of their beliefs. "Through the regulation of the said Article 3, I believe that this has been cleared up sufficient- Ly to give.a correct meaning to what had veen merpreted equi- vocally," he added. After discussing problems in- volved in increasing production in Mexico and the essential reorgani- zation of the National Railways, President Avila Camacho expres- sed the hope that he will receive proper Cooperation from the lead- ers of organized railway employes, "without making it necessary for the Govenment to have recourse i to coercive methods, which, I re- I peat, I do not consider the ade-! quate method for a regimen which wishes to rely upon the unity and patriotism of all Memcans. i "Violence," the Chief Execu- tive added, "is not a sign of strength in any Government but the confession of its own weak- ness; and I prefer to persuade, ap- pealing to the patriotism of my fellow-countrymen." Norway Anti-Jewish Laws Applied To Gentile Mates New York. 0D--Jewish proporty confiscation laws in Norway here- after will apply to Norwegians who refuse to separate from their Jewish husbands or wives, the Stockholm newspaper Seynska Dagbladet reported in a dispatch received today by the Office of War Information. The Quisling edict provides that those affected must either pro- cure divorces or otherwise make amends for their "racial dishonor" or take the consequences, the newspaper said. Dutch Bishops' Pastoral Forbids EmphaticallyCooper'ation With Nazi Oppression Injustice Church Protests Stir Nazi Press Ire In Holland New York. ()--In the wake of a stern protest against the labor draft and other measures of the German occupation authorities from the pulpits of Catholic and Protestant churches alike in the Netherlands, the churches were the target of another attack in the Nazi-controlled press according to reports received here by the Neth- erlands Information Bureau. With telling effect, the protests were read from the pulpits and copies were sent to Reich Com- missar Arthur Seyss-Inquart. In answer to the protests, the Nazi- controlled Amsterdam tlet Volk, which formerly was a Socialist daily newspaper, printed an arti- cle captioned "Churchmen and Bad Shepherds Must Disappear First." "This is the demand of the mom- ent, imwever difficult it may be to advocate it," the article stated. "The Roman Catholic Church and the Protestant churches, speculat- ing on their inviolability, have again interfered in matters which concern, only worldly authorities." The article contended that even if the protest could be accepted, "it cannot be denied that it would be .more effective and honest if these matters were settled inside four walls" and declared the read- ing of the protest "means that thousands of people are encour- aged to oppose the legal author- ities." hostages, labor in Germany, forced labor for the sons of tlse morally responsible for the disasters brought on this country, then the time has come for say we will no longer allow our people to ack- nowledge these hypocrites as lead- ers," the article added. "Later they will cry out that this is re- ligious persecution, but then we shall know that they have been removed from their places, not because of their faith, but be- cause of their lack of faith, because they wanted the people of Holland to conclude a pact with the Jewry." Bro. Vincent, Former President Of St. Francis College, Dead Brooklyn. (U)A Solemn Re- quiem Mass was sung in St. Paul's Church here today for Brother Vincent, O.S.F., former President of St. Francis College. He was 83. Brother Vincent served two terms as Superior of St. Francis Monastery and as president of the college. Born in Ireland and known in the world as Patrick B. Mulcahy, be joined the Franciscan Brother- hood soon after his arrival in the United States. Heads Flying Nurses Lieutenant Catherino R. Grogan, A. N. C., of St. Peter's parish, Columbus, Ohio. who headed the first unit of 25 Army nurses, "Flying Angels of Mercy," to ar- rive in North Africa. They will serve on hospital planes, evacuat- ing casualties from the front lines to hospital 'bases, protected by fighter plane escorts. Lieutenant Grcgan has four brothers in the hrmed forces. {N.C.W.C,) His Excellency Confirms :25 Converts Little Rock. His Excellency, our Most Reverend Bishop was most favorably impressed with I the Confirmation Class of St. Bar-] tholomew's Church. The twenty-I five members of this class, con-[ firmed last Sunday, were converts. ] One of the members to receive] Baptism, First Holy Communion, I and Confirmation was Milton A. I Lawson, Professor of Sociology, of Philander Smith College, who be- came interested in the Catholic 3hurch during his study of his- tory, and the reformation in parti- .cular. Few instructions were necessary to fit this young man for his action, for he had been at- tending church for a year or more, and studying intensively. The only other adult to receive Baptism, Communion, and Con- firmation the same day was Ralph Wattvins. Two full families received con- firmation, a father, mother, and child, and mother and three chil- dren. After Bishop Morris administer- ed confirmation, the whole con- See CONFIRMATION on page 8 ON LATIN-AMERICAN BOOK TOUR Sister Mary Patrice, O. F. S. (left), and Sister Mary Frederic, O. S. F., of the faculty of St. Clare College, St. Francis, Wis., pictured at Miami before their departure by plane for South America. There they will spend the next eight montl gathering material to aid them in compiling textbooks on the Latin-American countries for use in Catholic schoois. Photo eourte|y Pan Aluericaa Airway, (N.C.W.C.) Sympathize, But Remind Faithful Of Duty To God Vatican City. (E)The priests and Catholic people of the Nether- lands have been ld most em- phatically by the Dutch Catholic Hierarchy that they cannot co- operate in any way with the op- pressive measures the Nazi occupa- tion authorities have "introduced in that country. In a Joint Pastoral Letter dated February 17, the text of which has become available here, the members of the Dutch Hierarchy note that fellbw-citizeh's, such as State employes aiid the heads of institutions, have becn obliged to assist in the enforcement of un- just German measures. It is "to re- move any doubt or any uncertainty you may entertain on'this point," the pastoral sayS, that the Bishops "declare most emphatically that collaboration in this matter is for- bidden in conscience-." The Catholic Bishop s appreciate that this harkening to the voice of conscience may cause the Hol- landers to suffer reprisals at the hands of the German occupation authorities, so they counsel their people that "if refusal to col- laborate should demand sacrifices of you, be, strong and constant in the conviction that you are doing your duty before God and man." Retort From Nazi Leader The Archbishop and Bishops of Holland directed that this Joint Pastoral be read in all churches and public chapels on Sunday, February 21, and this was done. It drew an immediate retort rom Nazi Reichs Commissioner Seh- midt, who read a stern warning to those who are contending over "nothing more than details, which in comparison with the struggle against Bolshevism are minute details, that one day will find their own solution." Herr Schmidt brushed off some of the points in the Joint Pastoral without attempting reply. To oth- ers he gave curt responses. He drew attention to the fact that'he had recently proclaimed that those who came forward with claims must be able to show that they collaborate with the occupation authorities. He then admitted that the Catholic Church has so far shown no evidence of cooperation, but has refused Catholic burial and the Sacraments to members of the National Socialist Party. Defends Killing Of Hostages The Reichs Commissioner re- ferred back to his recent declara- tion that those making claims must evidence some effort of coopera- tion, but that the Catholic Church so far has evidenced no effort at cooperation with the Nazi author- ities and have refused Catholic burial and the Sacraments to Na- tional Socialists. Regarding the charges of severe injustices visit- ed upon the Hollanders, Herr Schmidt said for 25 years there was no protest of the unjust treat- ment of Germans, nor was there protest of the imprisonment of National Socialists in May, 1941}. The shooting of hostages, he al- leged, was necessary for protec- tion and was the only remedy for crimes against the German Army. It was never used', he declared, where the offenses were commit- !ed against a Dutch member of the National Socialist Party, but, here again, counter measures were necessary. He said the severe treatment of the concentration camps was for those who con- spired while Germany was fighting for all Of Europe. He claimed that young men sent to Germany are well treated and well nourished. Herr Sehrnidt agreed that the Commandments of God are sl perior to temporal power, hut claimed that "this faith is ours also" and that it is assuring vic- tory over Bolshevism. He added that the authorities will treat calmly but sternly all non-coopera- tion. "All those now giving con- cernlng to nothing more than dr- tails, which in comparison with our struggle against Bolshevtn are minute details, which one will find their own solution, must not be allowed to cause trouble or our fight which is against Bol- shevism, not Christianity," Schmidt asserted. "Only the Ger- man soldier, tempered like steel through National Socialism, is - pable of repulsing the hordes of Stalin. Thus for Holland also the battle cry is Doctor Goebbels 'The West is endangered.'" The Nazi Commissioner conclud- ed with an urgent appeal for unlo now and in the future.