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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 25, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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March 25, 1911

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r Saturday, March 25, 1911 Promulgation of Decree of Holy Father on First Communion Tn accordance with tile command of the Itoly Father, we wish the "Quam Singular]" to bc iunnediately applied in the diocese of Little Rock. Ttle following regulations, which have been put in force iu the archdiocese ".New Orleans, and which have thc &apos;4 'tion of the ltoly See, are hereby , ,cted for the diocese of Little Rock, '•lad we order and cmnmand that they be stri.ctly observed. ARTICLE I. The age of discretion or of reason, which, as a rule, a child attains at seven years, more el' less, is the ago required and considered sufficient at which children can and should be per mitred to receive the ltoly Conlmanion. ARTICLE II. Children who have attained that ago will be permitted to make their First Corn,reunion individually or collectively,' but in a private manner, without any solemnity (this excludes everything that is distinctive of First Solenml Contains]on, such as special uniform, i badge, white dress, candle, etc.), and provided the following conditions are complied with: 1. They most possess, in a degree shall ]lave attended It Catholic school for at least two years. A ITICLE VI. The decree "Quam Singular]," with these regulations will be read in all churches and public chapels of this diocese on the Sunday following its reception. Henceforth the Pontifical Decree and these, our regulations, will be read ev- ery your on the fourth Sunday of Lent. Given from the bishop's house, Lit- tle Rock, Ark., this 1st day of Febru- ary, ]911. John B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. By order of His Lordship the Bishop, W. Aretz, Chancellor. LOCAL AFFAIRS St. Edward's Catholic church for the German-spealdng residents of Little Rock, being lmilt on Sherman street, northeast corner of Nin tlh, since last July is nearing completion. It at once impresses the visitor with the idea of space and magnificence, being 146 feet long, 52 feet wide, 46 proportionate to their years, a knowl- feet high, with a 72-foot transe])t. The contr'|ctors are W tI IIarris & edge of the three pnnelpal mysteries ........ of our ]Ioly Roll,ion, g , of the las' ends. Co.;. ill' hitet l[. J. IPH'k(r. . Steel and won w:ork b" rhomas-],ordyce Comps- of man, of the sacraments of Iemtnco . ) • " .. t rt.  .m ,..; ,1 € Oh, ,t;, laY; p/mting by Paul lIeerwagcn, all • • city firms It is wired by the South- sttmns requn'ed to rccmve them wor. . " ' - .... Iwestern Electric Eaninment Comnany, [hilly. . J . 1" . o Tlley lnust h tcl , suffi,ien' deo, .Iwlth twelve, hnndred hghts, cxtendmg ......... ]the enln'e length ef the arches and lon, Wlllcn supposes: lno pious real. • . n21nged tlHoudmnt m a manner to tat]on of the essential prayers of a : " ' g ' Christian (the Our Father, lIail Mary, ,furnish a grand end of light that will Apostles' Creed, Acts of Faith, Hope, Charity and Contrition), and disposi- tions of piety toward the Holy Eucha- rist. 3. A formal promise must be made by the child and expressly ratified by its parents or guardians that it will complete its religious instruction--as articles 2 and 6 of the decree ordain by attending catechetical instruction during the time, and until thc ago, de- termined for First Solemn Communion 4. The authorization given by the confessor in accord with the parents or gnardians, the baptismal record and mlfficient proof that tJhe above-men- tioned promise has been made, must be presented to the parish priest in order that hc may be able to enter the name of the child in the Liber Status Animarum among those of the communicants• Before this authorization is given, the confessor will ascertain, either by a serious exanfination made outside the confessional, or through the testimony of the clergy .of the parish, that the above-mentioned conditions are found in the oh]hi. ARTICLE III. Parish priests, confessors, parents and teachers will exhort the children to receive Holy Cmmnunion as soon arLd as frequently as possible. With this end in view, they will set about the Christian instruction and formation of the childen in their tenderest years, an(1 there shall be in every parish cat- echetical instructions especially for t'hese little ones. ARTICLE IV. In the future, as in th,e past, First Solemn Communion wilt be celebrated every year after a preparatory retreat and with the usual ceremonies. Only those uhildren will be admitted to this First Solemn Comamnion who' shall have attained the age fixed by diocesan regulations; provided, they shall have also been assiduous in their attendance at religious serviae, followed regularly the catechetical instructions during the time prescribed by the aforesaid reg- ulations, and passed in a satisfactory manner an examination on Christian doctrine. A testimonial of First Solemn Com- munion is to be giv.en to the children only after this ceremony. Further- more, a certificate of elementary Chris. tian doctrine may also be given at this time. ARTICLE V. In the diocese of Little Rock the children must have completed their eleventh year before June 30, 1911, and mlmt have followed cateeh.etical in- structions for two years before they will be admitted to First Solemn Com- munion. However, beginning with the year 1912, the children who will have com- pleted their tenth ),ear before January 1 will be admitted to First Solemn ommunon, provided they shall have attended instructi()n for at least one Year in the small catechism before tak. ing up the regular two years' course of catechism preparatory to First .Sol-I emn Communion, and provided they i be glorious. The handsome stained- glass memorial wind,ows have been in- stalled and are ric.h in coloring, Gothic in style, as is the edifice, purely Goth- ic, althongh for the present thc tower will renmin unfinished. The interior decorative work is all don(; in plas. tar relief, applied in grand capitals, toffy arches, varied designs and truly evidences the skill of its workmen. The cost. of interior decoration ]one will be from twenty-five to thirty housand dollars. A distinctive feature is the "rose window," lhe finesse in decorative art, placed in the facade and done in plas- ter piece mold. It is a replica of the former wood mold in the same window and is the only one of its kind in this country. W. R. Harris & Co., who did the work on the new capitol, Little Rock, and who have just finished a twenty-one-story )milding in Houston, Tax., way that they have never done more elaborate and perfect work and that St. Edward's shows the highest skill. The only wood visible ,thronghout tim structure is the floor, window frames and doors, ven the organ heing done im plaster relief. The wainscoting is of a different character of plaster work, in imitation of stone and so durable as to with. stand almost any service. Aho new. $5,000 pipe organ from Kimball & Co., Chicago, has been received and is a splendid instrument. Mr. Henry Leasing will be its organist and has ia prospect a fine choir. Mtny finishing touches have yet to be added, the frescoing, not in prog- ress, predonfinating light tones, shad- ing from the dark windows. A more fn]l and definite description will be given at its dedication in May, con- templated for reunion time. The Rev. Father Maurus Re,mar, D. S. B., who has faithfully performed the duties of p'tstor, will continue the serv- ice. He and the mew€bars are justly proud of this grand edifice, the fruit of great generosity and sacrifice, and Little Rock shares equally in the pride and appreciation of St. Edward's. Tile Paul]st Fathers, the Rev. J. Daffy, C. S. P., and the Ray. James A. Devery, C. S. P., began at Hot Springs, Ark., on the first Sunday of March a mission which closed on the 19th, at St. Mary's Church. It w'ts given for non-Cat'holies as well as CatJ- olios, a special feature being the ques- tion box. A correspondent describes Father Duffy as a tall, slender young priest with a splendid voice and Father Devery as a man of impressive manner• At the stnne time as the above, two well-known priests of the Dominican Order, Fathers Moran and Fannan gave a successful mission at the Chnrch of St. John the Baptist, Hot Springs. lIot Springs will now be good until after the Lenten season. On next Sunday, March 26, they will begin "t two weeks' mission at the Cathedral, Little Rock• All Catholics are urged to take advantage of these days of infinite grace, and non-Catho- lics will be most welcome at @ll exer- cises. L I THIS SPACE RESERVED FOR McClerkin's Drug Store ND MAIN STREETS TI-IE S()UTHIRN ST. VINCENT'S INFIRM.ARY, LIT- TLE ROCK, ARr. " ]t was May ]7, 1888, when Sisters of Charity from Nazareth, the mother l, oase of their order, arrived in Little Hock to open an infirmary iu response to an urgent invit'ttion from Bishop Fitzgerald. The old George residence on East Second street was purchased ,t the suggestion of :Mr. E. W. Parker, a 1)ronfinent banker of those days, who beeanle a patron of the work. Exten- sive repairs and remodeling was nee- essary, the sewerage alone costing $3,- 000. Bat the infirmary was opened fully equipped on Jnly 24, 1888. For twelve yea,'s the Sisters of Charity labored there faithfally. At this period of our history hospital work was not as well understood as it is now and the patronage did not numl)er as it does now the wealthy and prominent class of people. The financial burden fell on the shoulders ef Bishop Fitzgerald and sometimes the eontemphdion of affairs was anything but assuring. But the patience, tact and skill of the Sisters of Charity final- ly overcanm all obstacles to success. ]n tile tweh'e ).ears of hal)or on East Seco,)d street, the gistors of Charity treated 1,800 people, 900 of whom were charity patients and only 147 altogeth- er were of the Catholic faith. 'There were no church lines drawn. , The demands for admission to the infirmary eouhl not be met and as tile ]oeation was becoming more and more undesirable, Bishop Fitzgerald secured a Idock of gronnd on the summit of Capit.d Hill, one ef the most hctflthful and 'tttr:tctive sites among the many that lAttle Rock possesses, and erected u new St. ¥ineent's Infirmary that is now the pride of the stqte. ]t was made four-story with basement, built of brick with granite from FourcAm mountain as foundation, and well equipped with special apparatus and furniture. Tile corner-stone was ]aid l,y Bishop Fitfigerald on Sunday af- [erlmon, October 15, 3899. He was assisted by Rev. P. F. Iloran, D. D., Rev. P. Enright, Rev. P. Matthews, O. S. B., and Ray. Fintan Kraemer, O. . B. T%e principal address of tlro dccasion was delivered by Dr. James A. Dibrell, one of the. most emi- nent praetitioners in the state, whose death a few yars ago was a great loss i to the medical fraternity. Mr. F. W. Gibb was the architect and Mr. Edi Fischer the contractor• It is well to ate that a considerable sum of mon- ey came to Bishop Fitzgerald from the ]tagar estate and that Mr. and Mrs. liagar are mourned as benefa tore of the infirmary. \\; But nothing suffices forever wherc l the Sisters of Charity work. More room was soon required to meet the wishes of the physicians and surgeons of the city, who were anxious to have their patients in the care of the good Sisters• Bishop Morris on assuming e.harge of th edioeesc in 1906 gladly acquiesced in the gene.'al demand for i .n ex+onsion of the infirmary, especially I as the management of the Missouri Pacific and Rock Island Railways do- sired a department for %eir men. An annex to the western side was built in ]910 at a cost of $75,000• Mr. C. *L. Thompson was the architect and Mr. W. O. Wendler was general con- tractor. With the completion of the new building and its modern equipments, St. Vineent's Infirmary became the largest and best institution of the kind in tile state• The operating room is considered to be a very superior piece of artistic arrangement. The capacity of the infirmary is 250 p'tients and it is already frequently taxed to its lira,its. There arc eigh- )con Sisters of Charity and forty nurses engaged in the noble work of allevi- ating hnmaa suffering and affording to distressed humanity that comforting assurznce in their supreme hour of trial whic,h is often pathetic as well as consoling. A class for trained nurses is one of the features of the institution• The elqss at the ])resent time natal)ere for- ty and the most eminent medical men of the city are instructors. The building is admirably adapted to hospital work and is elaborately furnished with elegant furniture, bath facilities and other desirable comforts. The value of the gronnds, buildings and furniture is conservatively placed at $250,000. The poor and the needy are received to the extent of the finances of the institution. There are no high salaries to be paid the Sisters of Charity, as their small allowance cannot well be called a salary, the eve|plus going to the poor. Few people can form an idea of'the immense amount of charity and gen- eral good that is done in a community by such an institution where no oriel is asked what his religion" is unless for the purpose of getting him the com- forts of that religion, and where pros- alytism is nnknown and love of God th'e dominating principle. Ttere are few institutions in the country where more lives have been ved and more suffering alleviated. The devote.d Sisters who canduct the institution have made the care of the sick the work of a lifetime and the building, fittings and environment of the infirmary are admirably adapted to this fioblc work. The work of the infirmary has grown just as Little Rock has grown and as the state has developed and now that the city has reached metropolitan proportions, the institution is fitted out in the most modern and metropolitan manor. WESTERN METHODIST ON SOCIAL- ISM AND CHRISTIANITY. It is difficult to define Socialism. The chief reason is that Socialism has not defined itself. People calling them. selves Socialists advocate different things. The system ranges all €he way from a progressive democracy, it would (HAR1)IAN seem, to the wihl and diabolical schmnes of anarchy. There is a So- cialism w.hiah ehtims to adhere to Christian principles, and there is a Socialism which detests Christianity as one of the enemies of mankind most needing to be destroyed. But in all its ph'lses it may bo pronounced a the- ory of refurat which seeks a recou- struction of all society, with a more just distril)ution of 1,rol)erty and labor Its plea is for larger opportunity and greater rewards to the 4)oor. With such an econondc aim we have no sort of quarrel. It is the professed aim of every enlightened and huamne system ia the world; it ix certainly the aim of the Christian scriptures, and has been in all the ages, as any one m'ly readily see if hc will re'td such a book as Roy. S. M. Godbey's '"the Bible and the Problem of Poverty," one of the best pieces of work, by the way, that has ,ever been put forth by a :Methodist preacher, as we noted in tl, isimper at the time of its appear- ance. The Bible gives no encourage- men€ to the communistic notion that a man cannot acquire a right to private property. The commune was never tried l, et once in the history of the Christian church, and that experiment, record of which is found in tile Acts of the Apostles, did not seem to work welt, and was soon abandonc'd. Per- haps it was never meant to be more I than a temporary expedient. But if tlt,' provisions of the scriptures with ref- erence to 'the trea.tment of the poo] had always been followed, we should have had but a small problem of pov- erty, for the moral code of the Bi/de evcrywhere demands righteousness. The :Mosaic system had various cheaks against "the rich growing richer and the poor growing poorer," checks th'tt were effective. The old prophets thun. dered against robbing the poor of their wages, against all forms of injustice toward the poor. Christianity thunders no less, and enforces the doctrine of love to our fellows, the dec.trine of hu- man brotherhood. Christianity comes to every individual nmn with the purl)osc and the power to invest him with the dignity of a son of God, with oppor- tunities that reach into wmt ages yet to come--a dignity which is wholly in- consistent with the idea of human vas- salage, a dignity that will entitle ev- ery nmn to the respect and loving con- sideration of all his fellows by nmk- ing him worthy of it• It will bc found that the remedy for human ills ef all sorts, social, political and economic, is precisely this remcdy of the Christian program. Men do not need leveling, so much as they need lifting ut). We do not so mueh need to pnll down the rich as we need to ennoble .the poor. And the poor can- not be ennobled by any high-sounding declarations about liberty, equality and fraternity. That was the mistake of the French Revolution. The l)oor are to be ennobled by inducing them to receive the emancipiting and inspiring principles ef the gospel of Christ. These pr!n<=:.ples make tho :ud;vldual man clean np his own life; they demand that he shall be sober, industrious, hon- est and faithful. T.hey deliver men from incapacity, from weakness, from ,drunkenness, from vice, which create the weakness and wastes of lifo. And the whale of Christian hitory demon- strafes that a man so enobled and so delivered can make his way in the world, and that despite almost any form of government under which .he may find himself. We have as yet seen no Socialist program that makes provision for thus dealing with the individual. The" forms of Socialism best known are an effort to deal with men in the mass; they would sweep away all present arrange- ments of society and government, and reconstitute at once the whole frame- work of society out of such materials as are at hand. The thing cannot be done. Ituman nature is human nature and sinful human nature is not the material out of which can ever be con- structed an ideal state of hunmn soci- ety. As for the radical forms of Socialism represented by such men as Carl Marx James Leathern, George Harmon and Eugene Debs, pretending to be both religion and politics, they are openly at war with Christianity, and are as ribald as ever wax any atheism. They tell us that religion must be abolished; that Christianity today stands for wh'tt is lowest and bases in life; that there must be war between ocialism and the church; and Eugcne Dabs .tells us that Christ was "Hm Tramp of Gali- leo." Leathern says: "While all of us are thus indifferent to the church, many of us are franldy hostile to her. Marx, Lasalto and Engels, among the earliest pc!alists; Morris, Bax, .Hynd- man, Guesde' and Babel, agmng th present-day Socialists, are all more or less avowed atheists; and what is truc of the n.otal>lc men of the party is al- most equally true of the rank and file the world over." We need enter into no argument with any of he readers of this paper to show that men of this sort have no message of help for thc human race. We have made the foregoing quota- lions from a little booklet written by I Father J.' M. Lucey, entitled '  Practical Socialism and Solution of Life's Prob- ::i/i / / i Kn ox Tailored Ha(s THE WORK OF ARTISTS RATttER THAN ARTISANS The productions of an Artisan can be reproduced The work of an Artist can be coBied. The Artist puts in individualitl). Knox Tailored and Semi-Trimmed Hats are Ex- clusive-the work of Artists. Even the Straws from which theo are made are Exclusively Knox. Fop's Milliner00 TELEPHONE 3852 322 MAIN ST. Li(tle Rock, Arkansas lem by Ohristian Civilization." We desire to thank Father Luccy for writ- ing that treatise. It is a very just statement of what a Christian civiliza- tion is doing to abe,to the miseries of men. The reading of the booklet migh¢ provoke some of our Methodist people to larger endeavors in ministering to the needs of the poor and the suffering ---to build, for example, a Methodist hospital.. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS and mention the Southern Guardian. Page lv. THE ENGLAND NATIONAL BANK Capital, $100,000.00 J. E. England, President Jacob Niemeyer Vice Pres. J. E. England, Jr, Cashier IAttlo Reek, : : : : : : Arkans ADVERTISEMENTS That continually promise Merchandise be- low cost are not believed The expense of doing lmsiness must be provided for out of the ln'ofits--nowhere else. Everyone knows this who stops to think. Profits come properly bought, store eco- nomically managed, then sales. In the buying of our furniture we briug to .bear all of our lifetime experience in the furniture business. We realize that it is value given that makes satisfied customers and a large b,usindss. That is the reason why we are glad to place a line of .high-,rad,, ,, ¢ furniture on our floor. It is so satisfactory in the honesty with which it is made , in its design and in its finish, it means a satisfied cutomar every time .... ,, g? Arkansas Carpet & Furniture Co. THE HOUSE THAT QUALITY BUILT Open an Account With Us Today Phone 573 SIXTH AND M,g THE ABELES DECORATING CO. PAINTERS SUPPLIES Wall Paper, Mantels, Grates and Tile, Pictures and Framing 702 Main St., Little Rock, Ark.