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Arkansas Catholic
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March 25, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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March 25, 1911
 

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Page Two I I I ! iii i ii i ii i i Fort Smith Ninety Years Ago Description From Report of Long's Expedition The flrt picture we have of Fertlwero augmented by tile constant break Smith must be drawn from the report ling do of the boat's machinery. of Ma. Stephen H. Long, made to the / Council Bluffs had been so named by War Department at the .time Long lo- Lewis and Clark, former explorers, from cated the site for the fort in the fall a council held there with. the Otoes and of 1817. A further description ap- pears in She work entitled "An Account of an Expedition from Pittsburg to the Rocky Mountains, Performed in the Years 1819 and 1820, by Order of the Hen. J. C, Cglhoun, 8eeretary of War, Under the Command of Maj. Steplmn H. Long. ' This work was compiled by Edwin James, botanist and .geologist for the expedition, from the notes of Major Long, Mr T. Say and other gen- tlomn of the exploring party, and was published in 1823 at Philadelphia, Pa., by H. C. Cavoy and I. Lea, noted book publishers of that generation. The instructions for the expedition wore issued reh 31 1819, and were very explicit. The party was placed under command of ]ajor Long and di- rected to explore the Mississippi, M*is- sohri and their navigable tributaries on board the United States steamboat Western Engineer. In the command Major Long was to ba assisted by Lien- tenan,t Grahmn and Cadet Swift. Th,e journal of the expedition was to be kept by Major Biddle, and upon the lat- ter gentleman was imposed the du7 of making a complete record of the trp, description of She manner and customs of the people inhabiting the unexplored region tkrough w,h.ieh the expedition must pass. Dr. Baldwin was to act as -botanist, surgeon and physician. Mr. Say was zoSlogist, and Mr. Jessup s to act as geologist, and Mr. Peals was to be assistant naturalist, working in conjunction with Messrs Jessup and Say. Mr. Seymour was painter for the expedition. Of course the party as provided with an adequate supply of arms and anmunition and a collection of book.s and instrtments. Tke explorers assembled at Pittsburg early in April, but, owing to unavoid- able delays in the construction of their boat, did not cast off until May 3, when they left the arsenal where the boat had been built, ad after exchanging a salute of twenty-one guns began to descend the Allegh,eny on their way to- ward Pittsburg. Owing to tvhe impor- tant duties assigned the expedition, great numbers of spectators lined the banks of the river, a-f] their acclama- tions were oeea#oaally noticed by the discharge of 5rdnanee on the boat. The es was terra incognito at that time, and a trip to its unknown wilds was viewed with more apprehension than is today a journey to the center of Af- rica. On the 5th of May the boat left Pittsburg and proceeded down the Ohio with as much speed as the inadequate steam power and machinery of that time would afford, stopping now and then to take in m|pplies of fresh pro- visions, to edge the boat off the sand- bars, to take observations r to afford the naturalists an opportunity to at- tend to the work hieh had been as- signed to them. The mouth of the Ohio was reached on the 30th. Major Long speaks of the bank of the Mississippi a few miles aboo the mouth of the Ohio as covered with forests 'dark and gloomy, swarming with inumerable mos- quitoes, and the ground overgrown with enormous nettles." The journey up the Mississippi was slow and weari. some, the weak engines being barely able to hold the boat steady against the fiee current of the mighty river. Occasionally parties landed in search of botanical specimens, of which there was n abundanee. Game, in the shape of bears, deer and beavers were plen. tiful. Some of this they killed them. selves, but most of w, hat they obtained was purchased from Indians who lived along the shores of the stream. Dr. Baldwin, t h botanist, was un. able to take part in any of the inland excursions, being in the last stags of consumption. Specimens would be brought to him on board the boat, where he would classify them. The 9th of June brought the boat to St. Louis, where it sarrival was no- ticed by a salut,t from a six-pounder on the bank of the river, and the dis- charge of ordnance on board several of the steamboabs lying in front of the town. Major Long does not seem to have been impressed with the location of St. Louis, for he says: 'As this place seems to be destined to be the depot for such articles of merehandst as are to be sen fro New Orleans to the up. per rivers, it is unfortunate that no good harbor offers for the protection of boats against the impetuosity of te current, and from the danger occasion- ed by floating ice. In this respect, the site of a projected town, a few miles below, has a fleidefl advantage over St. Louis, as it has a good harbor." Wonder what the gallant major "ould think of the great city of St. Louis could he see it today. Proceeding np the river and entering tho Missouri, St. Charles was reached. where, on the 2th of ,Tune, the explor. ing party divided, a portion going ahead on horseback, the remainder tak- ing the laborious route on the Western Engineer. That the Journey was at- tended by grea diffieultie is atteste& by the fact that Fort Lisa, five miles below Council Bluffs, was not reached until the 17th of eptember. The dlffl- eul,ties eneountored were sandbars, snags, fallen trees, and these obstacles Missouri in 1804. Major Long de- serlb6s it as 'a recnarkable bank, aris- ing abruptly from the bank of the river to an elevation of about 150 feet." A few nliles away there was a eontonment with a force of soldiers to keep Mr. Rod Man from getting too gay.. Only one death occurred on the trip. Dr. Baldwin, surgeon and botanist of the expedition, became so reduced from consumption and exposure that he was carried ashore at Franklin, Me., where lie died August 31, a't the residence of Dr. Lowrey. In October Major'Long and Dr. Jes. sup left the party in their winter quar- ters at Fort Lisa and began the de- ,cent of the Missouri in a canoe, on theii way towards Wash,ingten and Philadelphia. Long Returns. The company spent the winter, after Long's departure, in making themselves acquainted ith the nature of the eoun. try, hunting buffalo and other game, studying the customs of the red people around them and occasionally using "he arts of diplomacy to heal breaches between the different tribes. April 24 Ma'.or Long returned, accompanied by John R: Bell, attached to the expedi- tion by order of the War Department, and Dr. Edwin James, who had been appoints& botanist, geologist and sur- geon in sueeession to Dr. Baldwin, de- ceased. Lieutenant Graham was direct- ed to take the Western Engineer and return down the river to St. Louis. The explorers, who were now to tra- verse a region as yet troddezl by but few wlLite men, consisted of twenty- four persons, including a corporal and six privates of the United States army and five riflemen who had started out with the expedition. They left Engi- neer Canton.men,t near Council Bluffs, Jnne 11, 1820. The march westvard was nmrked with no untoward incident. Game was abund.ant. The Indians were peaceable, and, while chary about giving any in- formation except that intended to dis- "ebtLge the invaders of their country, occas:oned no trouble except by their constart demands for provisions, blank- ets. whisky and other articles which the explorers were presumed to have in abundance. A stock of supplies of vari- ous kinds had been laid in o meet eon- tingencies of tlds kind, but it was doled out with sparing hand, especially the whisky, of which O's quantity was small, barely enough to supply the wants of the command in case it should be needed for medicine. A few adven- turous traders were met on the way. Many parts of the country traversed were destitute of wood, and the place of ,this necessary article was s'upplied by dried buffalo dung, "buffalo chips," in the vernacular of the plains, with which the country was covered. The course of the Platte river was followed as closely as possible during the entire route. On the 30th of June the Rocky Mountains were sighted for the first tinre, glittering in the rays of the re- fleeted sun, with their sides covered with snow Long was greatly elated at tim ter- mination of the journey in safety, and made copious notes eoncerning the great mountains and the surrounding eoun- .try. The base of the mountains was reached July 7. It will be interesting to observe that while it required the party about two months' time to go from St. Louis to Council Bluffs, where they had spen.t th9 preceding winter, the vast plain reaching from Council Bluffs on the Missouri to the base of the Rockies was, covered in less than one month. The explorers rested in their camp until the 19th day of July, and it was during his it.me that the summit of what is now known as Pike's Peak ws reached for the first time by man, either civilized or savage. Lieut. Zeb- nlon Pike had given the .,orld notice that such a peak existed, having dis- covered it while upon an exploring ex- pedition of the headwaters of the Ar- kansas river in 1803, but he had re- ported to the government that its sum- mit was inaccessible. July 14, whdle the party was prepar- ing for the return trip, Dr. Edwin James, with four companions, started to ascend the highest peak. Nightfall overtook them long before they were near the ,top, but they camped upon the mountainside, and the next morning re. sumed the ascent. By 2 o'clock in the afternoon they lrad reached such a height that the rar'efied air compelled them to stop and rest. They wore suf- fering also from the cold. After rest- ing a short time they again began to climb, and at 4 o'clock were rewarded for their labors by a glorious view from the summit. They remained upon the top for an hour, viewing the surround- ing country and taking observations. The descent was scarcely less perilous than the aseent, and they were again compelled to spend the night upon the mountainside. Dr. James avc he altitude of Pike's Peak at 8,00 feet. but it is evident that his instruments for such measure. ments were imperfect, for it has sines been ascertained that the true height of the great mountain which excited THE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN I tim wonder of the world at the time ter. The country back of the fort has of its discovery is 14,500 feet. The an undulating surface, generally as- SUlmnit which Pike repored to tim gov- cending as it recedes, being covered ern to be inaccessible is now reached with lmavy forests of oak, tulip-tree, daily by a railroad, and is visited by sassafras, etc. Toward the south and thousands of people every year. southwest, at no great distance, rise It is not to the discredit of Lieuten- the summits of the mountainous range ant Pike, however, that lie reported already mentioned. The Sugarloaf and the top of Pike's Peak to be inacees- Cavaniol mountains, the former being sible, lie saw the mountain at a dis- one of a group of throe similar conic tahoe, the unfavorable circumstances summits, are visible from come points ' under which he came into its neighbor- near Fort Smith. The Poteau, so called hood preventing his arrival, even at its by the French, from the word signify.. base. Ite attempted .to ascertain its ins a post or station, rises sixty or altitude and made calculations, but sub- seventy miles southwest of Belle Point, sequent events have proven his estl. opposite to the sources of the Kiamo- nmtes erroneous, she, a branch of Red river. Nearly As a compliment to Dr. James for the wlmle of its course is through a having accomplished the hazardous task hilly or mountainous region, but it is of roaching the highest point in the so sparingly supplied with water that mountains, Major Long called the peak the Poteau, witiiin two miles of its after his name, and so reported to the confluence with the Arkansas, is in the government; but the name did not dry season no more than a trifling stick, and today it is known to the brook. In an excursion which we made weed by tim name of the gallant sot- from Fort Smith ,we ascended the Po- dier who first saw it and reported its teau about a mile and a half where existence, we observed a bed of bituminous day Pike served gallantly in the war of slate, indicating the neighborhood of 1812, in which he met his death at the coal. Tracing this slate to the south battle of Niagara Falls. In that battle and east, we found it to pass under a the Americans made a fierce assault very considerable sandstone hill. See- upon a strongly entrenched position of eral circumstances induce us to believe the British army. The attack was suc- that it rests on a sandstone similar to eessful, and the British were driven that of the fort; attentive examina. out of their works. As they retired tion will sh,ow that these rocks imve their magazine exploded, and a heavy a slight inclination toward the east, stone, thrown by the floree of the ex- and if the bitumiuous slate in question plosion, struck Pike in the breast and had boon supported by compact lime- killed him instantly. . stone, it is highly probable this rock Dr Edwln James, who gave to the would have emerged near where the scientific world such an interesting de. sandstone appears at Belle Point. We seription of the country traversed dur. make this remark because, although we ing this exploration, is buried at Bur- have often seen both lime stone and lington, Iowa. He was the original of bituminous clay slate in various points the eharaetm; of Dr. Battius, the pc- of the Arkensas Territory, it has never dantic and sommVhat humorous botan, been our fortune te meet with tlmm in ist, a character drawn by J. Fennimore this connection Cooper in his "Tale of the Prairie," '.'A few rods above this bed of bi- one of the Leatherstoeklng series, tuminous shale we crossed the Poteau Thought It Was a Desert. almost at a single step, and wthout Major Long was not impressed with weting the solos of our moccasins, so the coun,try over which he passed, for inconsiderable was the quantity of he reported to the government thai', water it contained. Tim point between for 500 miles east of the Rocky Moun- the conjluenco of the Poteau and the rains and from the Thirty-ninth petal- Arkansas is low and fertile bottom lel .to the line of British America there land, and like tha,t on the opposite side was nothing but a desert of sand, unfit of the river, covered with dense and for cultivation, and therefore uninhab- heavy forests of cottonwood, sycamore liable. This led to that section being and impenetrable cane brakes. In these placed on the map as the "Great Amer. low grounds the beautiful papaw tree ican Desert." It has since become whose luscious fruit was now ripe oc- through the energy of man, one of the curs in great abundance. It rises to most fertile spots on the continent, a height of thirty or forty feet. and The Return. its trunk is sometimes not less than a foot in diameter. But after gaining what information- they could in a limited space of time "Grapevines, several scandant spe- the explorers began their return .trip, eies of smilax and cissus, and an un- starting down the Arkansas river from described vine, allied to menis per- th,eir camp at Colorado Springs, July mum, are so intermixed with the sturdy 19. They were compelled to shorten undergrowth as to render the woods their stay at the base of the mountains almost impassable. Paths have been owing to their scanty supplies. The opened by the people of the garrison bread was gone, and no food of this where they have been found necessary kind remained except a limited quan- by cutting away the canes and small tity reserved for the sick, of wham trees, but they may be said to resem- fortunately, there were but few. The isle subterranean passages to which bhe place of bread was supplied by parched rays of .the sun never penetrate. We corn. Th,e salt had given out, and found the air inthesc, and indeed.in what little sugar, coffee and tea re- every part of tim heavy forests, stag- mained was turned into the stores for nant, and so loaded with the affiuvia the hospital The pork had all been of decaying vegetable substances as to be imedietely oppressive to the lungs. consumed, with no meat in prospect except buffalo and other game that After spending an hur or two in an might be killed on the way. This was atmosphere of this kind, we found our- the condition of the party when they selves perceptibly affected with languor began their backward transp, a distance and dizziness. of 1,000 miles. "The gardens at Fort Smith afforded On the 24th of July, in accordance green corn, melons, sweet potatoes and with agreement, the party separated, other osculent vegetables, rhieh to us one division, under charge of Capt had, for a long time, been untasted lux- Bell to proeeed down the Arkansas to.L2 ries. It is possible we did not exer- Fort Smith, there to wait the lmrty cisc sufficient caution in recommencing under Major Long, who was to cross the use of these articles, as we soon the Arkansas and travel southward in found our health becoming to be im. search of the sources of Red river. The paired. We had been a long time con- divisions separated, and after many fined to a meat diet, without bread or dangers and much hardship arrived at eondlments of any kind, and wore not their destination. Captain Bell's party svrprisod to find ourselves affected by reached Fort Smith September 9, and so great and so sudden a change. It Major Long's division September 13. may be worth while to remark that we Major Long, however, had oxperieneod had been so long unaccustomed to the a bitter disappointment. Upon his sep- use of salt that the sweat of our faces aration from Capt. Bell and his party had lost all perceptible saltness, and he proceeded southward until he struck the ordinary dishes which were brought a stream which he took to be Red river, to our mess table at the fort appeared This he followed until within three unpalatable on account of being too days' ride of Fort Smith, when he made highly seasoned. the discovery that it was the Canadian "In a region of extensive river al- he had been following instead of the melon supporting, like that of the Ar- greatly desired Red river, kansa, boundless forests, impervious to Major Long says: "On arriving at the winds or he rays of the sun, it is the beach opposite Fort Smith and dis- net surprising that a state of tile at- charging a pistol we were ferried over mosphere unfavorable to health should the river and were soon afterward in- exist. Intermitting, remi`tting and eon- vited to bountifully furnished breakfast tinned bilious fevers prevail during the at Major Bradford's. Our attentive summer and autumn, and in many in- host, knowing the caution necessary to stanees terminate fatally. Among re- be used by men in our situation, re- cent settlers the want of the most corn- strained us from a too unbounded in- men comforts, of the advice an,d attend- dulgence in the use of bread, sweet ance of skillful physieians and above potatoes and other articles of diet to all the wnnt of e]ean]iness and the de- which we had long been unaccustomed, structivo habits of intemperance are The experience of a few days taught eauses operating powerfully to produe? us that we should have been fortunate and aggravate these diseases. The set. had we given more implicit heed to t]ements about Fort Smith were sickly, his caution, and we saw numbers wlth that peculiar Port Smith in 1819. sallawness of complexion which accom- panies those e.hronic derangements of the functions of the liver so often ,the . The description given of Fort Smith as it appsared at the time of Major I,ong's return from the Rocky moun- consequence of bilious fevers. It is ob. talus is as follows: vious that the causes of the aeknowl- "The site of Fort Smith was so- edged sickliness of the recent settle- looted by Major Long, .in the fall of ments in the South and West are. in 1817, and called Belle Point in allusion a great measure, local and unconnected to its particular beauty. It occupies with tim climate. By the increase of an elevated point of land, immediate/y settlements an,d the progress ef cultiva. below the junction of the Arkansas ahd tion they will be in part removed. Poteau, a small tributary from the "Fort Smith was garrisoned by one southwest. Agreeably to the orders of company of riflemen, under the com. General Smith, then commanding the mand of l[ajor Bradford. Among the Ninth military department, a plan of other important designs contemplated in the proposed work was submitted tO the establishment of the post one was Major Bradford, at that time, and since, to prevent the eneroachments of the commandant at the post, under whose white settlers upon the lands stLll held superintendence the works have been by the Indians. Some of .the most for- in part completed, not without some tile portions of the Arkansa territory devta,tion from the original plan. The are those along the rirdigris. Skin buildings now form two sides of a hal- Bayou, Illinois, Six Bull. etc., in which loon sqnare, terminated by strong block some unauthorized settlements were houses at the opposite angles, and front- heretofore made. but have recently been ing toward the river, abandoned, in compliance aith the re- 'The hill whlcb forms the basis of quirements of the commandant at /ort the fort is of dak gray mlcaeeous mith." sandstone, in horiz6ntal laminae, and The stream mentioned above as Six rises about thirty feet above the wa- Bulls is what is now known in Okla-] Major Long, Capt. Iell and a portion of the command proceeding toward Cape Girardeau, o., and Lieutenant Swift and Dr. Jones descending the Ar- kansas river to the Cherokee agency, thence to tlie Itot Springs on the Oua- chita river. Major Long's party evidently went by the old military road by way of what is now Lavaea, for he speaks of cross- ing two small creeks on the first day's travel, one called Masserne (now Mas- salrd) or Mount Cerne, and the other the Vache Grasse. The term Masserne is supposed to be a corruption of Moat Cerne, the name of a small hill near Belle Poin.t, long before used as a look- out post by French hunters. On the second day middle and lower raebe Grasse creeks were crossed, the party arriving at Short Mountain Bayou, not far from where Paris is now lo- cated. A few days afterward on the Cadron, the Cherokee setUements were reached, where acquaiutance was made with Charlie Webber, the young chief front whom Webbcr's Falls derived its name The rentainder of the trip was made without special incident, though it proved of much interest and value to the government, for the country through which it led had been until I home as the Grand. and in Missouri. of any ki near its source, the Neoshe. that these are the very peop/e who TiLe explorers tarried at Fort Smith need a Ca helic tmer most. lome of for a couple of weks and ,then left. them may )e classi6ed as those "who are hangir : on to the church by the eyelids." then there is a large per. centage of those who are poorly in- structed am this defect, as far as re- ligious knewledge is concerned ren. ders them iblind to their -- ' -  uwn neeas. rstly the{ ;e s that largo element, ' "h find 'the daily paper to fill all the..,.equir inents. Our Amerioan dai- lies, thus :." r, are fair and treat * chute& an( Catholic questions marked eo\\;sidu.tion.' Few e th* ' are eoaseim dy tllair, but LlVr'rea/, are given ever#hbing in he line of false religi! i a philosophy from the foolish var i of the Chrisian Sei- entb/ nl.4dilst conelusienz of the French t'hi'ts. We get tile bgus Parisian and Ro- mau dispatches, but the Associated Press and the other news agencies are sometimes oreed to draw th(r infor- mation from infidel sources. Or most urgent need, just new, is a (atholie daily paper, hers .nd there in the large cities. I mean ]nglish dailies, or we have alreadF a dozen Catholic dailies in foreign languages. If people can make a suess of secular dailies in all `the snl towns of the country, there is ne good reason why Cstholi dilies shod not be a sueeess par. ticularly ir our leading metropolitan then almost as unknown as the region cities. Waeed, too, a reliable news between the Missouri iver and the agency wi representatives in the Rocky Mountains.--Fort Smith Times leading Etrpean eitiss and with con- Record. nections alover the world. I believe - the Amerip secular dailies would pat- ronize an geney of this kind, ia the CATHOLIC PRESS IN AMERICA. interest ofeir Catholic readers. These ar,urely bound to come, and By Rev. J. T. Roche, LL. D., in I am enougof u optimist to believe ' ]om" One thing can be said without fear of contradiction, and that is that the Catholic press is stronger today in America than at. any other period in the history of the country. In other words, the campaign has been produc- tive ef visible results. The sagacmus members of the hierarchy and zealous priests have crone to realize more and more, in recent years, the importance of a strong, vigorous and aggressive Catholic press. They have carried tlaeir convictions into practice by encourag- ing the laity to subscribe for religious papers and periodicals.. The character, too, of four American papers has nnder- gone considerable improvement. They are better edited and better man. aged, printed on bettor paper ad their general make-up has been greatly m- proved. Some of them have been re. marlably successful. Register-Exten- sion of Toron, with which I have the honor of being connected, has been in existence for loss than two years; but it has already a very large sub- scription list and though the prace is very low, being only one dollar a year, it has paid from the beginning and is gz'owug in tronh a'ry day.  The. Extension Magazine of Chicago is prac. tically a new venture, but its list of subscribers is up close to the one hun- dred thousand mark. Other Examples. During the past year there has been a remarkable rejuvenation of Canadian Catholic papers, published in the Eng- lish language. The Record of London Ont., the True Witness of and the Western Catholic of Winnipeg have all changed for the better as far at least as the general appearance is concerned; and as far as I can learn toe, all of them are paying ventures. In the United States there have been several new diocesan organs started re- cently and this fact alone is an evidence that bishops and priests are coming to realize, more and more, that this is the day par excellence of printer's ink. The. older papers, in the .meanwhile, seem to be more than holding their own. The "Freemen's Journal" of "New York, "Western Watchman" of St. Louis, the "Standard and Times" of Piiiladelphia, the "New World" of Chicago, the "Union and Times" of " " ke Buffalo, the Citizen of Milwau e, the "Tribune" of Dubuque and quite a few others are growing and pros-I poring despite the increased cost of pa- per and labor. This, to say the least, I furnishes a very hopeful augury for the future. Another Side. There have been failures, of course, and some that started out ith fair prospects of success have gone to the wall, tirough lack of support, poor business management, or because strong competitors already occupied the field. There is an impression i some quar- ters in America that alnmst any one can start and run a Catholic paper. As a result, w.o have bad amateur ven- tures, of which w.e had no particular reason to feel proud. Then agam General Apathy has done its share to kill others, which deserved a better fate. Others again of the most medi- ocre ability have lived on, and kept excellent fields closed to urnalietie enterprises of the right kind. His Grace Archbishop O'Cennell of Boston has taken hold of the Pilot, which had a fine reputation but a poor subscrip- tion list. He has nlade it, in a a parochial und.ertaking and in this way greatly increased its eireulation and its consequent power for good. The ]ate Bishop Tierney did something of the ,, ,X same for the Hartford Transesript. When he died, the" Transcript had a very wide circulation everywhere throughont the diocese, and partiealarly in the lmmes of the poor where it was needed most. Much Still to Be Done. Over against this more or less hope-: fld condition stands a cold-blooded un- questioned fact. Investigation has shown t}m,t at the very lowest calcula- tion four Catholic families out of every five in America, Canada included, do not take a Catholic paper or periodical ......... !4 ' I :) , Saturday, March 25, 1911 i- lail d. It i a sad truth, too, that the Ctoli press in Ameries has only enterdi upon the first stages of its usefulm. I am aware ths.t in some counts there is a prsjadiee against thegtho]ie press, even ia high quarters, hanks be to God, we have none of th spirit in America. Our papers areoeile and loyal, and bish- ops 'and psts are a unit in promo`t- ing their ht interests and, if it w.ere not for thel things would not bs near- ,ly aa eneong as they are at pres- ent. S.  otmi Oongegation-Deeree orbi Temporal Admin, toa to Clerics. Ae ordinate the teaching of the Apes [aPmn ..man being a soldier to God entgItth himself wit secalar I business" . im. II, ), the constant discipline a ! fipred law of the church has ever bei tl clerics must not as- sume the adinkation of secular bus- iness txcep etain spseial and ex- traordinary rcutstanees and with le- gitime peisain. "For regarding temporal aff} it is neoessary, tta , the S[tcred B of Trent has it, ! Sess. XXIL, !F 2 do reform, that 'L they observe i all diligence, among other things, Iose that .have been copiously andilutarily ordained con- corned absten h fron worldly busi- ness. ' ' And as in r owr. time, with the help of God, a!y .corks have been founded in (stian' society for the temporal we tifiho faithful, and especially ba iniitutes of Credit, rural banks ' sags banks, :these works are to!hiy approved and greatly favor)y t clergy, but not in such a wa t o` dstraet them from the offices prr o tir condition and dignity, to inve th in earthly con- tracts, ad oe tDm to the anxi. eties, caes  &mgrs attaching t such busines Whereferer M0stHoly Lord Plus X, while exiting aid ordering the clergy to!githeir aiistunce and ,: vice for ihehndatio protection and prospexity o: eh ins!tutions, by the present deer absoluly forbide t desiasties se r and gular to aeelt t or to retain ,hey hay assume thmm those ofltees ich impot the eatm, ob- ligations tndlalgers asin from the administrstie o,  theme:stash as those of president, irietor, mtaryt eas- urer and the i His [oliness, there- fore, lays dn and Mere that all ecclesiastics h0at prent hold such offices shall itln foumonths rom the promllgaio of th decree send in their rsigatns, antthat for the future no mfm of t&elergy can undertake and ercise tg office of this kind nlesse fire'-receive per- mission to do  s I from e Apostolic See. All thingsi;o the ontrary not. withstanding, i Given at Ron at thereat of the Sacred Consistor CongRation, No. vember 18, 1910,' C. Card S. Teeehi Ass What EVY r Nice Old Lad, m.e if the lady er,s Page" evel De Lai,cretary. 9or. ms00r raows. -Will yolkindly tell writes The Moth- week in,our paper 1 l  , (,i !i I "i( is in I wnt tell her w much I have on.oyeI rdiag her rtiel on The Evenipg lUr in teNurery. Ofee Bey'u'q hi vat there with the pik flirt tmloJdn a piIm. Mt nea hs'Tri ne 'n po'  . , #, As a Sout Jey o#ntryph:ieian ....... . .., i was driving hrg a illa$ he saw i ,' " a man amm, lg acrowdwtth le anhe ' ' :?d J: of his trieki do TM doetr pulled t up and sale:: 'q:y d manhow do ,, /1::Jl; you manage tot.rai yo;,,g that., ' .... way I e a#'t aeh mi  single " trick." The m looked! wtth a simple rustic:Ioo :and repli ':We11, you see, it's thiry; Yu:{o to know moro' thl; dog, or Yeam't ]ean him nohin Christian Eavor ', World. : .... 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