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Little Rock, Arkansas
March 25, 1911     Arkansas Catholic
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March 25, 1911

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HE SOUTHERN GUARDIAN &apos;:m 1 LITTLE RocK, ARKANSAS, SATURDAY, MARCH 25, 1911 t NUMBER 1 ' weeks this have boon .retry ann its people rought into the limelight of the world nd very fcw people arc well posted ough in its history to u derstand the lobar.toter of transpiring ( rents. Mex- 1to is  large as Great Bl gain, France, lGermany and Austria together and at- |aost one-half the size of Continental i.nited stwtcs. It is 2,o00 hales long i00ud f00,n to l:000mil<,s wide. 1 The country is largely a gr0iit table |land, reaching a height of over 8,000 |,feet lbovo sea level, sloping abruptly :to thi Atlantic and gradtally to the IPacifii coast. Wht that li)ight means ean l understood by Arkmsas people fvhenthey consider that Little Rock  is reekonod to be less tln 300 feet I: abowi sea level. The climtc of the :1 Iowlaids is tropical, that f the table- lands its a perpetual spri. Tropical uitgrows in abundance,!ith cotton, gat cane and coffee, wht} higher up | are ]tarvested crops of wht, corn and harl. The yield of eorwhere well  cultivated is enormous, aft sometimes I)thre or four are crops obiined in one |?ear. |:;Ttie population is estil, ted at thir- |iten million, embracint tMrty-fivc |!:ribes of Indians, the Mds or Mesti- I !.s, half-breeds or mixtul of Spanish | '(d Indian blood and wlLes. A gen- : {,rous estimate puts the ]rites at 18 {r cent, he Indian at 4(er cent and ]1 :le mixed at 42 per centi The highest i!as is chiefly Spanish, The food ot ;,th' lower classes is largel,corn, ground : ,(Ywonten in hand millsnd baked in  :thhl cakes called tortilla " * tt * ::!Spain ruled and lultled Mexico f0m its discovery by C,tez to 1810, hen a country priest, Balgo, united the people in a rebelh0tgamst .the ent country. I.n 18lthe last se- is of fifty-seven Slash viceroys, O!Donoju, surrendered he capital. neutral Iturbide was claimed em- .Parer in 1822. but Gm Santa Ant, l aasavory memory, rail th.o banner of evolt and establi@i a republic. lturlide was banishdl Italy :d ! lob lie attempted lo :urn the o- lowitt year to Mexico, i was summa- rily 'hot From thai tie untii 1876 the hiato'ry of Mexi, I one of civil Vr. ifty4wo presi.ev or dictators, Or,o emperor and arent ruled the Texas secured its ndependcnce in 18a6 and in 185 w admitted as a State of our Union.gheu came the ar, 1846-48, betweeMeieo and .the ailed States, ir whthe former lost an area of terfitormost half her ze. In 1861, mdcr!csident Juarez, Iexico became involl in a war with the allied force.' oftngland, Prance and Ger'many, the vk of carrying the programmer q European pew- being entrued *Prance. Max- lllsn became elnpr, was soon de- captured ar[hot. His Em- Carlotta bees} insane and rough sill livig. i confinement in .pin the revohiOn  1876, General orfirio Diaz boame sident and by leats of extraodinar)erso,ality and dictatm:ial govtnmenkhas held .the rmgn of powel ever into. lie has '*'tblished a stole gornlnent sltch as reigners desir ,to h' for the pro- .eft]on of theirfiaaneiiinterets. But his Converts to Rome. The statistics in the list are as follows: Anglican clergymen, 607; other clergymen, 13; Anglican nuns, 50; peers, 9; peeresses, 53; other members of the nobility, 432; 306 army officers, 64 naval officers, 92 medical men, 192 lawyers, litterateurs 470, 586 graduates of Oxford, and 346 graduates of Cambridge. Of Vhe con- verts 612 have l)eeomc priests, while 164 entered sisterhoods. THE VATICAN AND THE ROMAN EXHIBITION. We thought that throughout the whole Catholic world there was it clear understanding of the attitude of Cath- olios toward the Exhibition of this year in Rome. It seems that such is not the case. We print below a letter wMeh was published in the Universe and Catholic Weekly of London, Eng- land, in its issue of February 3 last. It is worth reading carefully, not only for the collection of misstatements and false deductions it embodied, but as a fairly accurate summary of the exact opposite of the true state of the case. Indeed, if the letter had appeared in one of the Italian papers, which are isidiously spreading anticlerical views by false reports, thinly disguised undet a veneer of truth, concerning the Vat- ican, it would have been recognized as a rather clever, if unscrupulous, piece of journalism. It is written, on the other hand, by a Catholic, and published in a Catholic paper, and there seems to be nothing to do but regret the com- pletely false views of the writer, and correct his mistakes. The letter runs as foltows: 'Sir--I trust that you will allow me n short space to refer to a letter which my friend, Mr. Prancis Wellesley, has addressed to you concerning the Rome Ehibition, inasmuch as I am a member of the commission dealing with the Ex- hibition, and there are other Catholics who are intimately concerned with the progress and success of it. I am sorry that Mr. Wellesley should have felt it desirable to write the letter in ques- tion, because the most Catholic coun- tries of the world, Austria and Spain, are officially participating in the Ex- hilfition, and taking a very prominent part in its anticipated success. He is perhaps not aware that the Holy See does not share his views, and that the Exhibition is in no sense a commemo- ration of the taking of Rome, but it is only one of a series of five interna. tional exhibitions, arrnnged for and lhoUtol.t,d it: g"dpe, It IS a m0St un' fortnnute fact that Rome at this mo- ment has a Socialist mayor, but it is to be regretted as a deplorable acci dent, while the outrageous position he has taken up is in no wise defended by the Italian government, who are p,werless to control his utterances. One e::nnot conceive of a British govern- meat dismissing a lord mayor of London if the corporation chose to elect a So eialist, and .he promised to attack re- ligion and its revered and exalted Head in the wicked manner which has em barrassed the authorities of Italy and shocked Catholic Europe. I do not think that Mr. Wellesley need fear that the Catholics who are connected witli the Rome Exhibition, especially the English ones, would have given their support to it had t.hey felt it would have been derogatory to the Holy See, or in the smallest degree emtrary to the wishes of the Pope, bu- I am permitted to state that the Pontiff has said lie has not the least intention to take any hostile action with regard to the festivities of 1911, otherwise there is mu internal dis- and the clearest proof that the Pope satisfaction, qm go'nment is re- has no hostile feelings toward the com- publican only n nain Tile suffrage ing Exhibition is the fact that he did is li " mted a'nd .nder thlcontrol of the]not prevent the authormed representa- l,z regime, ghere a) twen,ty-seven]hves of the Yahcan on the V[umcpal states, one fe&al distt ad two ter- Board giving their assistance in the rttories. I pieparation for these festivities. The * * *! statement that has been made in one The ruling rowers hive acted ad- jeurual tha>t the Consistory was put off Versely to thdnter@ts of the Roman because of the Exhibition is atsolutely 7a.thoiic churo whioi 1Mds witMn her Old the gretnas's f to people. Un. ortunato]y ]eomasnry of the Euro- nau type, w'ch is }theistic except in l  t" l,,i " g and, ancal t- cshsm secured POWerful adcates it th0 tailing class, nclUding lsideni Diaz. Catholic hUrehes and)t'her .operty was seized ,7 tile govoument)and cRher confls- cr4ed or degoyed: i)fter the turmoil Subsided soewhat,! .the remaining ChUrches ,are haided over in a gratuitous to tie priests, who are bOUnd to k themtia repair and pay an es'tate t. Prie:s are not allowed to vote. .4 rligio orders were sup. pressed. Y one w{y or a.nother ho .devil has lea beatl abottt the bush n earnest nd the {atholic religion is ChSplayinghe freshiess of youth and the virilit of manood. There are now in 'deo seven Cath.olic arch- bashops, tenty-four [fish0ps, with the proportionto numbel of priests and thirty selinades. ster have also entered vth certific;es 0f citizenship theJnitd Stas and other coun- I#is l,ard to keep women out Y Plac whom reel may enter. The rotestt chu:chcs/.have spent mil- ieus of,toilers and laericed the lives of lan.od men and women without akiueh fiaprslon on the con- ervati! and volatile people of Mexi- co. ] *" " I'fAND.--Mr. W.. Gordon-Gor- dian, Jf stonyLurt College, Eng- inaccurate. There were two other rea- sons, one connected with Austria and the other with Portugal, of sufficient importance to delay the Consistory, and its postponement has nothing what- ever to do with the Exhibition. State- meats have even been nmde at the Vatican in favor of the Exhibition, and there are many very earnest Cath- olics, both in Italy, Austria, Spain, England and Portugal, as well as in the United States, who are working very earnestly for its success as a great in. ternational event. Yours, etc., G. C. WILLIAMSON. Firstly--If the writer had inqnired of any competent authority before bec0m- ing "a member of the commission dealing with the exhibition," lie would have, been informed that no Catholic could join such a body and remain sin- cerely loyal to the lIoly See. Purth. er, the writer m,ay be surprised to learn that, if lie were to eorne to Rome, and, as a Catholic, approach the proper au- thorities witl a request for an audi- ence, lie would b told that he could not be reeeivednot because nf the regu- lation th,at during Vhe coprso of the ex- Mbitiou no .audiences Will be .anted to reigning sovereigns and other su, ch pers.ous, but because he was a "member of the commission dealing with the ex- hibition;" because, in fact, he had cho- sen to side with the Itwlian govern- moat, which is proposing to celebrate the einquanton.ary of its claim to Papal property, against the Pope. Again, the APPROBATION OF THE BISHOP Little Rock, Ark., Feast of St. Joseph, 1911. The appearance of the first number of the Southern Guardian marks the realization of a .hope cherished sinc, e n!y coming to the diocese of Little Rock. The need of a Catholic press is so apparent and has been so frequently insisted ui)on by various mouibers of the Catholic Hierarchy that I doom it unnecessary to discuss the matter fur- thor at this time. Suffice it to say that in my estimation th, ere are few sources of Catholic instruction and information more fruitful of good than a sterling, well-edited Catholic journal. The foundation of the Southern Guardian, which has been uppermost in my mind for something more thap four years, iias been made a reality through the co-operation of the Catholic laymen of the diocese. Without their aid the hope of a diocesan paper would have 1leon much longer deferred. The suc- cessful launching of the project took place at the laymeu's convention held in Little Rock last May, when it was i)ractically determined that we should have a Catholic newspaper, and my vicwr general, Msgr. Lucey, kindly con- sented to become its editor. Msgr. Lucey has been a priest and pastor in the diocese for well nigh for- ty years, and the love and esteem in which lie is held not only by Catholics, but by persons of all denominations in the State of Arkansas, bear ample tes- timony to his zeal and vlrtuo as a priest and tfigh character as a citizen, i and his nulaerous able articles during this period in defense of his religion justify us all in believing that the pa- per will be successfully edited. The Southern Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little. Rock, and I pray God that it may be an ear- nest oh'taw]on in the cause of right, justice and truth, and an ardent de- fender of the religion which we all love so well, whose interest, I hope, will always be safe in its keeping. I extend to it my blessing with the sincer,o hope that its career may be long and prosperous. John B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. fact that Catholic ,countries, such as Austria and Spain, are taking official part in the exhibition has no bearing on the question at all. The same countries have diplomatic relations with the Quir- inal; and, for a clear underst:anding of t'he international position on timt point, the writer of bite letter need 0ply read Chapter 4 of Mgr. Prior's 'Is the Pope Independent?" IIe will not, we pre- sume, dispute that prelate's authority. Asia, "that the exhibition is in no sense a commemoration of the tMdng of Rome" is literally true, .as it is h'ardly possible to celebrate the fiftieth anniversary of an event which occurred forty-cue years ago. But it is 4elib- erately intended as "the great com- memoration of the fiftieth .anniverszy of the proclamation of Rome the capi- tal of Italy" is proven by the officild announcements, from which those words are taken. Nor do the said announce- ments make any mention of the other four international exhibitions to follow it. The writer is at fault again in his judgment of the relations between the Italian government and the mayor of Rome. It was the duty of an honest government to at least express its dis- approbation of the breaking of its la,ws by a public official. Ttmt the Italian govcrfimeat did nt) do so in Lho eh,: of Signor Nathan, who deliberately broke the law of. guarantees by 'his out- burst against the Pope at Porta Pi.a, s owing to the fact that the mayor of Rmne, the principa.1 expmient of Free- masonry in Italy, has more influence in the capital than the govermnent of his country. Has the writer of *the letter road General Pelloux's east]gaLled of his government in this matter? En mssant, Signor Nathan is not a Social- ist, but a Republican. Again, it is sure- ly not the duty of Catholics in England or elsewhere to form their own judg- ment as to whether the exhibition is de- rogatory to the Holy See or not; it is their duty to ask a competent author- ity for the truth; and t'he mriter of the letter, if lie has searched for it, 'hs not found it; or, at any rate, must have hopelessly misunderstood what lm has been told. Again) What are we to think of the statement that "the Pontiff has said that tie has no intention of taking any hostile aetion.' It reads as if the Holy See "might have an idea of dis- patching Swiss Guards to the Piazza d'Armi to teax the buildings down, and it shovs a complete mistnlderstanding of t'he Papal attitude as evidenced from 1861 till now. That attitude was stated by Plus IX, and has never changed. Every Catholic surely kno,ws it well. Again, may we, writing in Rome, be allowed to inform the writer of the letter that there are not, nor have there ever been, any "authorized rep- resentatives of the Vatican" on the 'municipal board," in Parliament, or in any  other Italian or Roman official assembly. Another complete re]sunder- standing of the attitude of the Holy See, which has been clearly expressed on this point. 'llrat certain deputies, and, ou occasions, possibly a town councillor or two are called "clerical" is duo to the fact that this label is hung around thei,r neck by their ene- mies for ,their own ends. Nor is Vile writer less at sea with regard to the Concistory. That its postponement was not directly duo to the exhibition is no doubt true, but he ails to recognize that the determination not to hold it during the course of this year is di- rectly due to that event. Finally, we would ask him w'hat announcements have been made at the Vatican in ra- rer of the coming festivities--no writer should dare to make such a statement without proof adduced--and we would hope that there are not "many earnest Catholics MI over the world working fir its success," in ignorance as hope- less as his own. There should be no need to recapitu- late the attitude of the Catholic world towards these festivities. The ttoly See has made it evident, but it would seem that there is at lolmt one Cath- olic by whom it is not" understood. There cannot be the slightest doubt t!::'t this exhibition is intended .to com- memorate the ant]papal pronouncement of 1861, and indirectly, in consequence, the entry into Rome of ]870. The pro- gram of festivities states so explicitly; every speaker, every newspaper repeats it, whenever allusion is made to the coming event; every contingent festiv- ity, from the Victor Emmanael monu- ment to the unspeakable lighthouse col. ebrates it further. And surely no Catholic can deceive himself by think- ing that the :Holy See does not recog- nize ttfis fact. The Pontiff holds no great audiences, no great functions, re- ceives no great pilgrimages during this time; no one who is in any way con- nested With the exhibition will be re- ceived at the Yatican. The fact would be evident, even if it had not been publicly made known. And, recognizing thi, how can the attitude of o Vatican bc anything but what it is, one of "dignified re- serve and mourning," if we remember the words aright. In 1861 the procla- mation was made; in 1.870 Rome was entered. The offer was made of a Law of Guarantees, of a pa)qnent o money. to buy the acknowledgment ttrat the Temporal Power was at an end. Three Pontiffs in su.ccession have solemnly refused to betray their trusteeship of the Church's Goods. Now Italy is once more proclaiming its sovereignty over Rome. Can any loyal Catholic ,think that our ,IIoly Father Plus X will acquiesce? Is it conceivable t'hat the Holy See .could let .the whole Re- alan question go by default? I,t is ,el] that Catholi.cs should know to what they are committing themselves in en- couraging these an,tipapal fetes. The choice is theirs.--Rome. CATHOLIC PAPERS' ADVERTISING VALUE. A recent number "of Printer's Ink, probably the leading advertising journal in ,he ,world, 'has this to say of the wflue of the Catholic press from the advertiser's poin of view : "It is worth w,bile to give a little ,attention to the Cath- olic field. About one-sixth of the eoutry's toal population is Catholic, and the following fack ,about the vast system of institutions controlled by them are interesting: Clergy- men, 16,093; ctmrches, 12,923; seminaries, 80; students, 5,687; colleges for boys, 213; academies for .girls, 708; paro- chial schools, 4,703 ; children attendin,g, 1,197,913 ; orphan asylums, 290; orphans cared for, ,44,966; charitable institu- tions, 1,904; total children in Cat'holic institutions, 1,397,348; total Caflmlic institutions, 20,011; Catholic population, ]4,- 235,451. "The growth and activities of Catholics are evidenced by fle fact tha in 1908 were erected 410 ch,m, ches, 386 eel- loges, academies and schools, and 62 asylums and charitable institutions. The huge amount of purchasing done for these activities alone is formid'able." THE REAL PRESENCE Paper Written by the Late Reverend Louis A. Lambert, L L. D. Read at Congress tin presenting Doctor Lambcrt's pa- per .to the conference held in Windsor Ha 1 the reverend reader spoke feel- ingly of the serious illness of our be- loved editor-in-chief. He remarked that in listening to the distinguished paper about to be read they wore "bearing perhaps the last words of one of the most brilliant minds of the ago."-- Ed. I,'. J.] The objections urged against the doctrine of the Real Presence and transubstantiation have been thorough- ly discussed since the time of Luther-- over 400 years ago. Able Protestant writers have raised all possible objec- tions and presented them in their strongest light, and equally able Cath- olic theologians have met and refuted thcnf. There is, therefore, nothing now to be said, no originality required in replying to those objections at this late day. As the time and space as- signed to me prevents a thorough ox- andnation of all the objections, we must select a few of them. Let us then proceed: 1. Objector--" The doctrine of the Real Presence contradicts my senses; it therefore cannot be true." You are wrong. The doctrine does not contradict he senses, nor do the senses contradict the doctrine. The doctrine and the senses do not and cannot clash. It is not a function of the senses to affirm or deny anything about anything. 2. Objector--"WhatI Do you deny the evidence of the senses?" No. We deny simply t:hat the senses give any evidence for or against the Real Presence. 3. Ob.'.'.octor--"Whatl Do not my senses tell me that the object before me on the table is bread and not some- thing else?" No, they do not. They do not tell you that there is an object on the table, or even that there is a table there. Your senses report to your conscious self only t.hoir own nerve vibrations, that are ausod by some force exter- nal to them. This done, their unction is fully accomplished. They say noth- ipg of the existence or uatur', of any- thing--not even of their own existence or nature. They simply vibrate. 4. Objector"What then is the of- rice or function of the senses, if they do not tell us e what is before or about us?" Their solo offi or function is to vibrato. The mind in some mysterious way becomes conscious of their vibra- tions, interprets them and forms ideas and judgments from them. These judgments may be true or false; with that the senses have nothing .to do. I repeat, their solo function is to vi- brato, only that and nothing .more. 5. Objoetor--"Do not my senses tell me of the color, form, weight, hardness or sof.tness and smoothness of the ob- ject before me, and 'which I call bread ? ' ' This is your same objection in an- other form. I repeat that your sensss tell you none of these things; they toll you only of their own vibrations, of which your mind becomes conscious in some mysterious manner. Keep this important fact clear in your mind. 6. Objector--" How then can we know anything of the world about us?'' That is a very interesting question. but it is not the point just now. lfy object is to show you that your objec- tion to the Real Presence has no force, nn foundation; that it is based on a fallacy or a misapprehension, th giv- ing credit to the senses for what they do. 7. Objector--" But must you not account for how we know things as well as I have to account for it?" To do so just now would take us from the point under consideration; namely, that the senses contradict the Real Presence. How we know, that is, how material, nerve vibrations are transubstantiatcd into ideas in the mind and how these ideas are formed into judgment, and how these judgments become knowledge when the mind affirms them to itself, is as great a mystery as the Real Pres- ence itself. If you believe in the real- ity of one mystery, why re.eet the other because it is a ,mystery? 8. Objeetor--"Do not the psycholo- gists and ideologists tell us something about tlfis ' how'? ' ' ' Yes, they talk about t and dispute it and advance theories about it, but after all are through, the mystery still remains: How are material, nerve vi- brations transubstantiated into ideas and judgmentst The fact that we do not know the "how" of this is no valid reason to deny it; and the same with 'the Real Presence. We are just as able to tell you the "how" of the Real Presence as you are to tell us the how of your knowledge. Your notion that the senses contra- dict the Real Presence or can contra- dict anything is a delusion arising from your erroneous notion about the func- tion of the senses and from the mis- apprehension of the doctrine of the Real Presence. 9. Objoctor--"But after all I ome to a judgment somehow, whether through my senses or intellect, or both combined, that the object before me is what it seems to me to be, and I have a right to accept that judgment as it the best my mind can give to itself." That may be true, your judgment may be .true or false, but whether true or felso, you have no right, .as you claim to have, to attribute that judgment to your senses, and consequently you can- not say that the Real Presence, or any other reality or non-reaKty contradicts your senses. That is the point we in- sist upon. Your right to judge of the presence or absence of that which falls not under the senses is like the right of the blind man who claims the right to judge of colors. His senses failing to report anything, leaves him only the privilege of guessing. That is the only right you have in attempting to judge of tim presence or absence of anything that falls not under your senses. The Real Presence affirmed by the Catholic doctrine of the Eulaarist is a pres- ence that falls not under your senses and consequently there ean be no con- tradiction between the doctrine and the senses. There is no con.tradietion be- tween the color and the sight, or the non-sight f the blind man. 10. Objector--" The doctrine of the Real Presence involves the intpossibility of being in two places at the same time--in as many places as there are consecrated particles on many altars at the same time. Therefore the doctrine cannot be true." Your statement is mere au'mption. It nmy or may not be true in the order of extended existences, but it does not follow that bilocation is impossible in the order of non-extended existences. As this order falls not under your senses you have no ground to deny the possibility of bilocation, and eouse- quently you cannot rest an objection on your assumption. , The use of the word "place" makes it aecessary o pvestigato the meaning of the telm. -Wha. is "plaeet" In its last analysis, place is a relation bo- ;ween extended things. It is hol. a real sulstantial thing. It is only the condition of things in the order of ex- tension. It s the "wherenoss" of an extended tMng in relation to other ex- tended things and cannot be applied to non-extended existences, beings of the spiritual, non-exendod order. By extension I moan length, breadth and depththings of .three dimensions. A spiritual, non-extended substance does not occupy "place," although it may be loosely associated with things of extension as the truman soul is. The sol is said to be in place because as- sociated or united with an extended body, but considered in itself it is not !n place, and in this sense it may be m one or many places at the same time. Of whirl size is 'plaee?' ' How.largo can it be without being in two places? It cannot be a mathnmatical point for that has no dimension or extension, and is consequently no place. Place may be covered by a pinhead or it may include the whole world, which is only a very small place considered as a part of the universe. Place is like the value of X in an incomplete algebraic operation. It is an unknown quantity. As you cannot define what "place" is, what do you mean by saying Chat a thing is in two or more places at the same time? But aside from all these considera- tions a fhmiliar illustration from ex- perience will show not only the possi- bility of a being existing in what you would call two or more places at the same time, but it shows the fact that a being does so exist. Rhe human soul is a real substantial being, an indi- vidual and indivisible unit having no parts and no extension. When the soul acts, it acts with its whole self, not by a part hero and a part there, for it has no parts. You will admit that your foot is in one place and your head in another place. Now suppose a wound is made in your foot, the pain is felt by your soul, by all of it, since it has no parts. It is therefore t'hore in that place in all its entirety. Suppose, further, that a wound is at the same time made in your forehead, the soul feels the pain and is there in all its being. It is as the same imo  your foot and in your head--in twoclflaes at the same time. This is a t3ofwhieh you are conscious and Which you must admit, though your senses er imagination give you fie hint as to the "how" of it. Your objection, therefore, must be dis- missed as having no foundation in reality. 11. Obetor"Th Real Presence is repugnant to reason." The term "reason" is obscure, and like the term place needs to be defined, that we may know what is meant by it. There is a vast amount of 'hidden spk. istry in the use of words. Reason sometimes means the mind itself. Again Continued on Page Six.