Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 21, 1969     Arkansas Catholic
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March 21, 1969

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PAGE I0 THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 21, 1969 Waist Deep in Mexican Wheat Southeast Asia Grows Mexican Wheat New high yielding Mexican wheat varieties are being adopted at a rapid rate in southern Asia, an area long afflicted with hunger and malnutrition. These new varieties often double or triple the yields of native varieties. Among the Asian countries using the Mexican wheat varieties are Afghanistan, India, Nepal, Pakis- tan, Iran, Iraq and Turkey. These new wheat varieties were developed at the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Carlisle Drug Co. PRESCRIPTIONS PAT COOK Registered Pharmacist Carlisle Arkansas Center at Chapingo, Mexico (CIMMYT) over a twenty year period. The project was financed by the Rockefeller Foundation. The new varieties are able to thrive in tropical climates and can utilize fertilizers without lodging. Many Asian countries are also using vastly improved varieties of rice developed at the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) at Los Banos, Philippines. This com- bination of high yielding wheat and rice has greatly improved cereal grain production in these coun- tries. Pakistan's wheat crop, harves- ted in April and May 1968, is about 30 percent above the pre- ord are largely the results of solid technological progress - more productive varieties, more fertilizer and better farming prac- tices. in a very real sense, an agri- cultural revolution is now taking place in southern Asia. Acres planted to these new wheat and rice varieties increased from 200 in 1963 to 34 million in 1968. At the same time, the use of fertilizers and insecticides great- ly increased. This agricultural revolution is due in part to the grassroots ef- forts of representatives of the U. S. Agency for International Development, U. S. Department vious record. So also is India's. of Agriculture, Peace Corps, In- The total Indian foodgraln crop, ternational Voluntary Services, officially estimated at 100 million AFPRO and other groups who help- tons, is up 3Z percent from 1967's ed the local farmers recognize drought-depressed levels and, the advantages of new varieties more importantly, up 12 percent and improved technology and from the previous record. Good weather has helped boost the har- vest in India during 1968, but in- creases above the previous rec- -mL-.,-PJ'r It's the percentage [ ;i" FY ff-7-, that counts... I Save here where your money earns MORE... with safetyl FIRST FEDEtLXI $AVINI0000 C f S r iJ T T G A R T FARMERS UNION INSURANCES Property Life Farm Liability See our local agent or write Lewis J. Johnson , Manager %, FR 6-1338 1920-22 Wright Ave. Little Rock helped them procure the neces- sary seed, fertilizers, equipment etc. The significance of the Am- erican contribution to these developments is obvious. It would be foolish to imagine that the threat of hunger and mal- nutrition has ceased in Asia. How- ever, these great improvements have given the Asian people and their Governments new hope. The way to a truly adequate food sup- ply is now more easily seen than previously. Overseas Church Work Discussed Chevy Chase, Md. -- Over and above its ideals and theore- tical virtues, some of the more practical aspects of the ecumeni- cal movement were demonstrated to a group of Catholic mission- aries--priests, Brothers and Sis- ters--who participated in the first phase of a seminar on hu- man relations and inter-group dy- namics for overseas ruralchurch workers, conducted here. Purpose of the seminar, spon- sored by Agricultural Missions, Inc., -- an office of the National Council of Churches' division of overseas ministries, with head- quarters in New York -- was to "increase the effectiveness of the Catholic and Protestant church worker in developing the technical and human resources of rural areas around the world, and to help equip him to become more effective as a catalyst in the rural community life of develop- ing nations." The seminar, now in its 25th year, was attended by seasoned missionaries, Catholic and Pro- testant, currently home on fur- lough, as well as by those pre- paring to go to the missions for the first time. Wants People Put Ahead of Efficien Des Moines -- Government must "look beyond the sacred cow of efficiency and begin thinking more about people," a Farmers Union official told a recent Senate sub- committee. These words were originallyut- tered by the late Right Rev. Msgr. Louis J. Miller, National Catholic Rural Life director of the Sioux Falls diocese. The FU man showed the farm cost-price squeeze is forcing 500,000 to 600,000 people a year "into our already glutted urban areas." He showed that during a recent 5-year period in one farm state, more than 6,000 farms dis- appeared along with 1,100 busi- nesses. "This means that for every six farms left vacant, one busi- ness place closed its doors." Ite said non-farm businesses use intentional losses on farm opera- tions to escape income tax, and huge farm corporations take un- fair advantage of tax dodges. He said over 1.6 million South Da- kota acres -- the equivalent of five of the state's 64 counties-- are corporation owned. The official, Ben Radcliffe, said the naUon's failure to weigh social consequences in determln!ng our economic objectives is ap- parent everywhere in the rural areas: abandoned farm houses, vacant stores, disappearing young people.., all "with an equally depressing effect on our Radcliffe suggested pending legislation to loopholes; to provide low-cost loans to ers to help them to assure parity prices come but only file farm level to from reaping milliOnS payers' dollars while evading taxes. Reading The Guardian KEEPS A I NFOR MIEO PRA COUN BA Member of i "The Bank That l The HAZEN, 0] G.P. Cazer Equipment C0 U.S. Highway No. 70 Carlisle, Arkansas 72024 , MYERS FOOD STORE ,, Your ( Store I N CARLISLE TRACTORS Farm Machinery Sales POWER Tillage and Hay Tools PRAIRIE IMPLEMENT CO. P.O. Box 610 STUTTGART, ARK. WA WATER WELLS PUMPS WATER TREATMENT FOR CITIES - INDUSTRIES -IRRIGATION Massey-Ferguson Farm Equipment LAYNE-ARKANSAS CO, STUTTGART, ARK.