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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 19, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 19, [943 THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 300x/m WEST SECOND STREET Entered ns second-class matter March 21, 1911. st the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas. under the Act of Confreres of March 8. 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DvOCESAN ORGAN The Gusrdlan is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that It may be an earnest champion of the cause of risht, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the slncera hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Telephone 6486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture rvlc---Kghts of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Councll, No. 171S $1200 Fort Smith Counll No. 99S. 22.0@ Little Rock Council, No. 812.. 22.00 Pocahontas Council No. 244S 17.00 Blytheville-Osceola, Council, No. 2857 ........................ 12.00 Texarkana Council NO. 26S0 17.00 Pine Bluff Council, No. llg2 .................... 22.00 Stuttgart-Siovactown Council, No. 2780---- IS.O0 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ......................... lZO0 MARCH 19, 1943 "It by liberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the propriety st 'public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please;.buf it it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myseI! willing to part with my share el it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheerlully consent to exchange my liberty st abusing others tor the privilege st not being abused myseIL"nFranklin. i OUR SAFE PROTECTOR "loday the Church celebrates the Feast of St. Joseph as Spouse of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Protector of the Uni- Dorsal Church. The devotion which We pay to St. Joseph is not only just homage to his wonderous prerogatives but it is a fresh and inehaustible source of help to the world. In the Liturgy of the Feavt the Church calls him the delight of the blessed, the sure hope of our life and pillar of the world." " Extraordinary as is thls power we need not be surprised that it was given to Joseph whose connections with the Son of God on earth were so' far above those of all other men. Deigned to be subject to Joseph here Below, now that He is in Heaven, Jesus will glorify the creature to whom He consigned the guardianship of His Own Childhood and the honor of His Mother. He has given him power which is above all human calculatlons. The Church invites us to have recourse to this protector' in unreserved confidence. "The world is filled with miseries which would make 'hearts stronger than ours quake with fear. We may invoke St. Joseph with faith and we shall be pro- tected. In all anxieties, whether of soul or of body, in all the trials and worries through which we have to pass we should have recourse to him and we shall not be disappointed. MAKING LENT PROFITABLE As a profitable and pleasurable occupation during Lent we suggest that some extra time Be given to Catholic reading. / t Those hours usually gsven to amusement may Be devoted o good Catholic Books, magazines or papers. The time thus spent will be Both interesting and profitable. An hour or two given to a Catholic Book or magazine should not Be so hard a penance. After one has Begun this practice it will Be no longer a Lenten penance But a real pleasure. Once acquired the habit will continue Even the Best informed Catholics have much to learn about their religion To learn all would take more than a life-time.i of study. The history of the Church should Be as interesting as the history of our country. Manuals of Church history are fascinating reading Too few Catholics know the glorious history of their Church Never Before has there been so much inquiry about Catholic questions. During Lent we can equip ourselves to answer inquiries made By non-Catholic friends about the doctrines and practices of the Church. We can be prepared to present the viewpoint of the Church about the various social problems that are being agitated. We cannot keep fully abreast with Catholic thought and the work which the Church is doing without reading Catholic magazines and papers. We have many such and of the very highest class, in- ferior to none in any respect. It is to their discredit that many Catholics do not subscribe to a single Catholic journal. It was the ambition of automobile manufacturers to see that every American family had an automobile. That end was practically attained. It would not b so bad to have at least one, if not more, Catholic paper or magazine in every Catholic family. PENANCE NOT OPTIONAL The penance that is imposed upon us during the holy sea- son of Lent is a wonderful manifestation of the Benignity of God. It is the benignity of God that has saved us and it is the benignity of God that leads to penance. He praises penance because He knows that we cannot be saved without it. Our Saviour goes Before us on the holy path of Lent. He bore all its fatigues and hardships so that we might have His example in following the narrow way of our Lenten penance The law of pefiance for sin is made plain to us. The first words that our Lord spoke after He came out of the desert were ad- dressed to all men: "Db penance for the kingdom 'of heaven is at hand." ?Unle you shall do penance, you shall perish." This penance must be not only cbntrition of the soul but morti- fication of the:body, The soul has willed the in but the body has frequently cooperated in its commission. We are creatures composed of liSdy and soul and both must pay homage to their Creator. Ouribody,L1 will share ith our soul the delights of heaven or tetorrnents of hell No life can be thoroughly "!, - r Christian and no penance can be thoroughly earnest in which ::::::::::--:: ...... :::::* .... :: ...... :::::: ......... -----''" both the body and soul do not take a part. Q UES TI ON B OX selves some pertinent questions. Have we sinned? Have we , ever done worthy penance for our sins? Have we ever done Notice--lt is importan: that all questions be signed with the sender's anything that even approximates a worthy penance? We might name and COMPLETE address (not initials) : otherwise the questions will not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for go further and say--have we done any penance at all? Are private answer must be accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. ; we ever going to do penance? When are we going to Begin? It is strange that we have such a strength to go through 00reat In What Does The Fire Hell fatigues when our own self love is to Be gratified But we are vj too weak for bodily mortification. How are we ever going to Consist In Regard To Suffering? make expiation for our sins if inconvenience keeps us from do- The CatboHc ChUrCh bas defined nothing regarding the nature ing penance? Owing to the mitigation in the Lenten discipline of the punishment the wicked undergo in Hell Her theologians. because of the rationing of food and conditions brought about basing their teaching on Holy Scripture, unanimously teach that the sinner suffers a two-fold punishment; he pain of loss and the pain by the war, we are not obliged to the law of fast and abstinence, of sense. The pain of loss consists in the eternal separation of the sinner from God and the realization that the-failure to reach heaven We are obliged to the law of mortification and the faithful are is due to his own fault. This is the chief punishment of hell as the urged to increase their good works and devotional exercises and Fathers frequently teach. St. " Wht are the symbols of the four to practice some kind of voluntary corpora] penance. Augustine writes: "No torment Evangelists and what ls their That peace of conscience which is so essential to Christian known to man can be compared to meang? life is promised to none but truly penitent souls. The absolu- it." St. John Chrysostom writes: (1) St. Matthew, a man, be- tion of the priest may return the innocence that we have lost "Tbe fire of hell is unbearable, and cause St. Matthew begins his ac- count of the gospel with the hu- its torment awful. But if you marl birth of Christ. through sin but we should be on guard lest we persuade our- were to heap together thousands (2) St. Mark, a lion, because selves that we have nothing to do when once our sin is par- hell fire, it would be as nothing this gospel begins with St. John, doned. Remember the solemn warning of the Holy Ghost: compared to the punishment of the Baptist, who called himself "Be not without fear about sin forgiven." "Man knoweth not being excluded from the beatific "The voice of one crying in the glory of heaven, hated by Christ, wilderness." whether he be worthy of love or hatred; but he that keeps up and compelled to hear him say, (3) St. Luke, an ox or a calf, within him the spirit of penance, has every reaaon to hope that 'I know you not?" The pain of because this inspired writer begins God loves him.-The Southwest Courier. sense consists in the torment of with Zachary, the priest of the fire, so often spoken of in Holy Old Law who ofered sacrifices Scripture. It is generally held o! animals and other gifts. If the hue and cry over worker absenteeism is justifiel that the fire of hell, although a (4) St. John, an eagle, because physical reality, is not a material the fourth gospel begins with the (and we wonder), there is an exemplar for the Christian work- fire like ours. We know that un- eternal birth of the Son of God man in the patron saint of Labor--St. Joseph. He is acclaimed til the. General Judgment the lost from the Father, and thus soars souls will have no bodies, and af- aloft on the wings of inspiration, by the Church not only as the Spouse of the Mother of God, ter it their bodies will be such like an eagle into the vast ex- the patron of happy death and the protector of the Universal that no fire can destroy them. It panses of eternity r is useless to speculate about its * * * Church But also as the ideal of all those who must labor for their tue nature and more sensible to It is my understanding that, if daily bread. He was a carpenter in Nazareth. confess our ignorance in a ques- two Christian non-Catholics are tion that evidently exceeds human The tribute of the Gospel writer was no long Biography understanding, married before a Justice of the * * peace, their malage is invalid; of St. Joseph. His whole life 'story is packed into a summary Does the soup of a soldier who that they must contract marriage attributing to him an all-inclusive virtue: "He was a just man." is killed in defense of our eoun- before a minister of their own His justice included all the responsibilities of a good try go straight to heaven, the same as the soul of a martyr? faith. Am I right in this? workman, reliable work with no cheating in time or skill. To- A soldier who dies merely in You are misinformed. The law day, with the outcome of the w.r at stake, no workman can defense of his country does not go of the Church states that non- . to heaven immediately for the Catholics, whether baptized or un- to conscience play shabby in his responsibility to give the best same reason as a martyr. A sold- baptized, who have never become that is in him. iex', however, who dies in defense of his country, that is, in the prac- converts to the Catholic Church, 'tice of the virtue of observance, are never bound to observe the ::.--```.-`.-:::``-:`.-..-::-.-::--`:::::`.-:`.-::---:::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: might well be a martyr; but it is Catholic form of marriage if they not evidently so, for it is not marry among themselves (Canon I C$L_]J_ -_, s7 ____ Catholic Information Society evident that the practice of this 1099, No. 2). The Church does t[IUllC 00vlaence v.O. Box 35  particular virtue was referred to not legislate as to the form any Narberth, Pc.  God. The Divine good is the non-Catholic marriage must take. proper cause of martyrdom, and, Those outside the Church, Let's go ours, the self-destroying Catholic if a soldier dying in defense of therefore, may validly contract Jump  i3 a rarity. Proof of this is most his country in a just war would marriage in any legal or custo- a roof! , conclusively given in a study of refer this act of virtue to God mary manner, before a justice of "Let's go jump off a roof! The world suicides by Louis I. Dublin then there would be cause for the peace, squire, minister, eto. bubbles of youth have burst. The and Bessie Benzel, the former the martyrdom. Such marriages, if there is no im- years ahead promise trouble, wor- statistician of the Metropolitan It is not only the one who suf- pediment to their validity, are ry, suffering. There is no God, Life Insurance Co., and neither one fers for the faith of Christ (that considered binding until death by no soul, no hereafter. So let's go a Catholic. is, by expressly professing it) who the Church, taking into considers- suffers for Christ, but also the one tion the exception of the Pauline jumPLe's goff a roof-"um t0tfef arooflT ere NotThiSto Be,"bk'showsentitledthat "TOthe rateBe "Orof who suffers for any work of jus- privilege in the case of a marriage 00S"atood, Jbut p isgood-htoo t00oo for the love of Christ betwe00o unbaptized persons, ' -- suicides per 100,000 population is, Thomas, C. 8, and Rom., L. 7.) one of whom becomes a convert good to make a Helll This life is in Protestant European countries, Those who die in defense of their to the Churc but a vale of tears and Heaven lies from 15 to 27, while in Catholic country in a just war can be h, beyond. So come on then, I'm Italy it is only 9.6, and in Catholic martyrs if they defend it for the How can parents encourage with you. Let's go jump off a Spain a mere 3.5. Ireland shows "sake of God, out of love for jus- their son to study for the priest- roof!" "Let's go jump off a roof? Not the lowest average of all, and it is tice and Divine law, but not for hood? enlightening to note that in the a soldier's reward or distinction They can pray to God that He I, my friend, not I! My life is Protestant north the number of or any merely human intention, grant a vocation to their son. A God's and He alone may take it. suicides per 100,000 population is (Cf. Summa IIa, IIae, De Mart, a. vocation is a gift from God, and He put me here to know Him, love twice as great as in the Catholic v. ad 3; and Comm. in Summa, may be the object of parents' Him, serve Him; and I will serve south. by living on and bearing confi- Sylvius.) prayers. Especially, should they dently whatever crosses He may The Catholic Church has more * * * pray that the mind and heart and send. Suicide? At best it is a and stricter laws than any other Whtt becomes of the satisfac- soul of their child may be opened coward's act. At worst the jump Christian group; yet unquestion- tions offere for souls who have and moved to embrace the voca- would take me far below the city ably its people, as a whole, try already been released from the tion, by leading their son to the street. Oh no,--I'll NOT jump off with all sincerity to live up ,to torments of Purgatory? practice of solid acts of devotion, a roof!" these laws at the sacrifice of tom- They are deposited in the Tress- especially frequent Communion. God? What man wtm thinks can fort, riches, and so-called earthly ury of the Church, on which the Parents should not hesitate to doubt* He is? Hell? What fol- happiness. Holy Father draws for the In- speak to their son, sensibly, on lower of Christ can question His It is no fun to crawl from bed dulgences, whether plenary or the subject of vocations in general Own words about that place t'e- early on a cold wet Sunday morn- partial, which he grants to the and that Of the priesthood in served for the accursed? ing and trudge long blocks to faithful on fulfillment of certain particular. They cannot force a "Thou shalt not kill!" our God Mass. It is no fun to hang on conditions. The Treasury of the vocation upon a boy, but they can has said', and the Catholic Church tenaciously to an oft-times miser- Church is an inexhaustible source, prompt him to think seriously upon has ever taught that the sane able life, when self-destruction is being made up of the infinite sat- the subject. Parents should en- Christian who takes his life breaks so easy. Nevertheless, whether isfactions of Christ, the super- courage the boy in his studies and God's own law and so commits a you want company for sleeping all abundant merits of His Blessed make every sacrifice to send him damning sin. " Sunday morning, or a companion Mother and finally those of the to a Catholic high school and col- Suicide! It's all about us, yet for jumping off a roofwell, don't Saints, and the rest of the faith- lege. Many vocations are gained 'midst the troubles of this age of ask a Catholic! ful. The Communion of Saints ,and many lost during the years of allows us here on earth, and the high school, and the place for a -"--':'::--"-"-'" ' suffering Souls of Purgatory, to Catholic boy is in a Catholic high , Today's Parable| 1 Wordsf I profit by ...... them. school or college.  Father Stedman' Cnfraternity I |ST. RANG L E ; of the Precious mood,  Encouragement E B U T T R U Brooklyn. N.Y.  -- "- The Good Fight Have you ever reflected on the sttle-i00nown Facts For Catholics following/vords of Scripture: "Be- Fighting with hands clasped and bold, Satan hath desired' to have By M. J. MURRAY Co7h am. g.  w. c. re,- on your knees--this is the war of you, 'that he may sift you like the spirit. The most powerful wheat?" if//., "-.\\;',-x--%dl|fl[llll[/l,.  [' fighting for good on this earth The devil asks God's permis- sion to work to the detriment of X' I I], . 7"' la I Put action, the power bf your souls, and God permits him--There "1 \\;1 :I l' l l[]p C/tN, ._ / [ heart into your "prayers. Stop is something terrible in this. l his "laying down" praying, Fight Now, do you know what hap-  ,.. I" $'/ o#6 ST t11. I for Christ with all the power of pens. The devil remains the whole  ' t /IiIDOM,/'/oWS[ night seated beside your pillow, tZr a.r,r, [ your soul. watching for your awakening like [ //o i ;u' [ Do your daily work--your daily an impatient sower to cast the ' ;go'-. [ living--with hands clasped, mean- seeds of wicked thought into our COORING 70 ing: prayerfully in the spirit of hearts. 7OUTIOg W/y $4N Christ, in the fighting spirit, fight- Risk of Contagion FRO 7HE 7HREI PLC'$ Then he conceals himself in all W I-//$,t'V'Rfo MEAD BOtlNCED AFAI ing for souls, your own and oth- creatures, and any one of them "- ors, carrying on the war against can lead us to ezil. All nature is I  DECP/rA770N the forces of sin. ' ' like a plague-stricken city, in Sin can only be knocked out by which every instant we run risk of clasped, praying hands. Christ contagion, if we proceed without didn't come on earth to make fists caution. /IVERSIT' of our hands but to tell us to Let us make for ourselves a hur- l REFLISD fight with hands clasped in pray- er. This will win all our battles, tied examination. What we see Many battles are ahead of us to- leads us to voluptousness, or to AC, AOHIC.L, day. A real fight is on our hands, jealousy, or envy, or contempt for OEORE. WHO truly on our clasped hands, others. WOLO NOT TK AN OATfl Being pleased with ourselves is What we hear tempts us to vexa- To DEFEND ,,/%'Y." our chief danger. Our enemiesr- tion, to vanity, or to anger. IMMRCULRE COIEPDO. such as Godless Communism-- Shield of Prayer have all the fire of rebellion, they What we feel tempts us to self- fight furiously. We are too in- ishness, to the desire of being different. We must fight back. esteemed, or to effeminacy; to 'We must strike with clasped and idleness, or to revenge; or even to praying hands, we must advance some sinful affection. on praying knees. Let us arm ourselves, from early = : : -morning, with the shield of pray- I tell you that you will be faith- er. God places it at our disposal ful if you are humble. But will prayer, which puts between us you be humble. Yes if you wish and inanimate creatures soroething it. But I do wish it. Then you like a veil which has the power are humble. But I feel that I am of: rendering weaker the sensual not. So much the better, that rays which they pour forth around helps to make you more so.St, them, and transmitting to us only Francis de Sales. a life-giving warmth. t Rural Catholic of the South by Rev. Anthony C. S. Sp. (General Diocesan FARM PROBLEMS Everybody recognizes is a grave national problem condition of Rural America, ing that something should in the way of finding a to the farmers problem America should be swept feet, the best minds of the have united forces in bring about a solution construction by which might share on a just profits of his toil and the diture of his sweat and Farming is a way of which America must penal for her security in The farms of the United with thirty-five million tion have four million dren than any urban equal sire. City growth is ly due to the inflow country. 'If our our strength as a nation so largely on our rural lows that every effort put forth to solve the social, religious and problems of Rural Am( ban groups are very making everything center themselves. Social, educational problems greatly facilitated by use conveyance but there is to be desired. Churches their minivers have done in promoting the social conditions of rural The minister can bring to ple the facilities placed disposal by the state colleges, and his lay with his encouragement agricultural institutes at ly no expense, tures and demonstrations extension department of lege. A great social problem, up until recently was a menance to Rural which fortunately has eased up a bit was the tenancy. Much alarm expressed over the increase: number of farm tenants decrease in the number owners who operate farms, problem assumed huge tions after World War plans infest now be laid not recur. The disa tenency are obvious. does not ordinarily have the tire to keep up the. of the soil or to care for keep of buildings and Great effort has been trying to solve the lem of the farm. Anyone given any thought to farm my recognizes the unfair merit the farmer cannot fail to see the that exists in the price the gets for his products the merchant obtains for chandise. Anyone can ily see the disproportion ists in the reward the rains for his labor, and the manufacturer or even obtains for his services. The Church is taking a tire interest in the problems. The on1 agency in binding social elements of the side is the eburch. church is not doing it being done. Religion, fellowship, health and the needs of a American farmer is in of the rural church which awake to its social and" opportunities. The needs/the farmer and the nedthe church. The be of greater usefulness in solve the farmers hap than any other Thomas a' Kempis Says-- Book IV, Chapter XII. how great diligence He communicate ought to himself for Christ. I am the Lover of the Giver of all sanctity. I seek a pure is the place of My' ready for me a large furnished, and I will eat over with thee, together diseiples. ' If thou wilt have me to thee and remain with out the old leaven, the habitation of thy out the whole world tumult of vices; sit as a solitary on the housetop, of thy excesses in the tbey soul. For every lover place the best and most for her dearly beloved by is known the person entertaini Know, nevertheless, canst not satisfy for this tion, by the merit of any thine, even shouldst hotZ thyself thus for a whole gether, so as to think o else. But it is of My mere and grace that thou art to come to My table, as if should be invited to of a rich man, and he else to, return him for fits btit to humble -give him thanks.