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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 19, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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March 19, 1943

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Buddy Noticed Corporal ey Ross Dtego:--Barney Ross, the lightweight and welter- boxing champion of the back from Guadal- after teaching tile Japanese lessons about "scrapping", Wore about his neck a Ca- Medal. Marine corporal also back a wealth of unstint- Ross Wore A Catholic Medal About His Neck! Comes Home Wearing Catholic Medal, And Praising Navy ed praise for a Catholic Navy chap- in the Naval Hospital here recu- Gehring. During the audience, poral Ross replied. "I believe in cleared him to themmthings like lated. lain. perating from malaria and wotmds Bishop Buddy noticed Corporal it. too. I was pretty well shocked, * * * he received in the tropical islapd, Ross wore a Catholic medal about and was moody, blue and mel- The chaplain is the Rev. Fred- said "all the men there wcmld his neck and asked: ancholy at the time of my injury, eric P. Gehring, who also has gladly cut off their arms and legs * * * when Father Gehring gave it to drawn Iaudations from ",is fellow for Father Gehring." "How is it a Jewish boy like me. I give Father Gehring all the chaplains, both Cathor ,d Pro- * * * you is wearing a Catholic Medal?" credit for my recovery." testant Mike, in lett' sent The former pugilist called on "Father Gehring blessed this * * * back home. the Most Rev. Charles F. Bu'ady, medal for me and I wear it on the Corporal Ross related countless * * Bishop of San Diego, to pour out same chain as my own Jewish little things which Father Gehring Corporal Ros? "qs words of praise for Faflmr medal, my Mezuzeh Medal," Car- performed for his men, which an- Priest "He had fellows in his arranging with the Red Cross to home sometimes up to one and two lend them money when pay was in the morning. He had a chance late, getting messages back home to be evacuated between Christ- when it seemed impossible, bring- mas and New Year, and wouldn't ing back cigarettes, pipes, tobacco leave the island until another and other axtlcles for the sick on chaplain replaced him." bis visits to "civilization." .... * * * * * Under Father Gehring's chap- "Everybody comes to him with lainey on the Island, the number their troubles," Corporal Ross re: See CPL. 'ROSS on page 8 Qui Five? By The Sentry Arkansas General Assembly sine die in typical fash- was supposed to be a atgainst time in order to the necessity of an extra Yet, in the midst of such business the members o consider and pass a the attitude  toward fraternities. by the newspapcr, the designed, "to prohibit from punishing or against students, fraternity pins and hen- This was timely leg- to say the least. What do if the teach- use to abide by such a lw? axe as scarce as hen's and school jobs are going This bill will have a upon teachers who much in order to task of trying to drum into the heads of young vho join fraternities in to aeqnire some ira- The legislators could something worth while, made a law to prevent folks from being a "nuisance each year, when of candidates often their own lives and the adult population. If ers are so ndnded, they enough to punish or dis- against fraternity mere- letting them know because they axe such. could accomplish their and not break any law. are paid by the of this state to take care matters. Most sclmois students to show of belonging to fra- arouttd the school build- If young people belong to societies, it is At their age, they have instinct, but when they themselves obnoxious it is time for the to step in and punish is not discrimination; pline. UPon a time Life was a magazine. It is still ; times, when it means to In a recent March is- was printed a series of Concerning Puerto Rico. the scenes were supposed of the poverty that presumably ex- possession of the The same pictures taken in any state They. might have the river banks or in the slum most of our large cities. have been falsified, at the of a church, claims that conditions depicted are due to but thinking pea- that they are brought ira just economic condi- one part of the portrayal, "Despite dissemination information by the the opposition to is a contributing rea- Rice's basic prob- It might to note that the opposition of the birth control is a very that the Catholic 'the Church that was ! by Christ. The hy- that Life speaks than the Catholic by God, 38 Chapter, It is known as the "And therefore the Onam, because he did thing.' lIow does it many of our Bible overlook this ripture? At the pres- s nation is engaged insure the four free- oppressed people of Rico is one of and has been for As Catholics, these interference by t natter that is in God's of the freedoms that for is religious the people of be denied the right as they think proper? au Increasing num- in the daily by soldiers and the failure of them up on the men seem to of the fact Practice is dangerous The motorist ice man and not know the me- one may be a erim- h safer tar the men to take a train they are on furlough A man alwas's en he pays his way. '1 for half fare pays his meu well safeguard them. reason why they their lives and by seeking a on page 8 O %" THE OFFICIAL ORGAN OF THE DIOCESE OF LITTLE ROCK Volume XXXII LITTLE ROCK, ARKANSAS, MARCH 19, 1943 FOR VICTORY wl UNITED STATES WAR BONDS.STAMPS NO. 12 Death Of J. P. Morga Made Knight St. Gregory By Pius XI Boca Grande, Fla.J. Pier. pont Morgan, 75-year-old in- ternationally famous financier and noted philanthropist, who died here of a heart ailment, was the recipient of the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Greg- ory the Great from the late Pope Plus XI in 1938 The death of J. Pierpont Morgan, financier and philun- thorpist, in Boca Grande, Fla., served to recall that he carried on the work started by his fath- er, which led to the restoration and translation of the famous !Coptic manuscripts, writte in :the period between 823 and 91'4 A.D., and containing cer- tain parts of the Sacred Scrip- tures, lives of the Saints and homilies. Mr. Morgan was not a Catholic. At a private audience with the late Pontiff in 1922, Mr. Morgan presented the Holy Father with the first volume of the restored famous works and spent half an hour with Senior SPAR "Lieutenant Teresa "M. Cowley, :U. S. C. G. (W. R.), formerly Club Director of the Carroll Club, New' ,York resident club for Catholic women, has been appointed Sen- ior SPAR Officer at the new Hunter College Training Station, one of the largest of the U. S. Naval /Training SchOols for the Women's Reserve. She will be in charge of the training of the SPARS there, for the Coast Guard Women's Reserve. (N.C.W.C.) him discussing the celebrate manuscripts. Also at,the audience' Catholic. Charity was the late, venerable Rt. Rev.  T 1 Msgr. Henry Hyvernat, then pro-I E, xDanslon urines fessor of Semitic Languages and __ " , Literature at Catholic Vniversity[A t ,_:ol,]l[tierlce of America who was responsible ........ ;_ ..... i n of for getting the priceless works into Washington. IC-- Expans'o, the hands of the Morgans and who the Catholic charities programs to played the leading' part in their meet new fields arising from the restoration and translation, war situation was the general The manuscripts were discover- ed about 1910 by a party of Arabs in Hamouli, upper Egypt, while they were sifting sands in search of lime. Ignorant of their value, the Arabs sold the manuscripts to a merchant, who took them to Paris. There Monsignor Hyvernat, en- route to Rome, was asked to in- spect them, astoundingly appraised their value and the volumes were offered for sale to the elder Mr. Morgan. The financier relied solely on Monsignor Hyverant's opinion of them in the purchase. Mr. Morgan was not satisfied with having acquired the manu- scripts, but was desirous of de- fraying the expense of restoring and translating them and making a limited number of photographic editions for distribution to the foremost libraries of the world. Pope Plus XI gave his full con- sent and aproval to having the lestoration and other work done at the Vatican Library and Mon- signor Hyvernat was placed in charge of the important task. The manuscripts were handed' in at the Vatican Library in 1912. Numbering 56, the manuscripts were found o be parts of the Library of the Monastery of St. Michael Archangel. All written on parchment sheets, the manu- scripts contain six complete books theme of the Middle Atlantic Reg- ional Conference of the National Conference of Catholic Charities here. The Very Ray. Msgr. Lawrence J. Shehan, Director of Catholic Charities of Washington, urged that the program be made flex- ible to include new wartime ser- vices and emphasized the neces- sity of maintaining trained per- sonnel. Mrs. Mary Louise McDonald, of Pittsburgh's Conference of Ca- tholic Claarities, spoke of the necessity of cooperating with the Red Cross and similar agencies in handling problems created in fam- ilies when a husband or father is inducted into military service. Miss Ethel Garside, assistant to the director of the Bureau of Ca- tholic Charities, Baltimore, dis- cussed the increase of juvenile delinquency among young girls, which, she stated, came from the first experience in the luxury of high wages and a certain amount of fintfncial independence. Two guest speakers, Miss Mary Switzer, assistant to the Federal Security Agency Administrator, who spoke on health problems, and G. Howland Shaw, Assistant Secre- tary of State and Presidellt of the National Conference of Catholic Charities, addressed ,the confer- n Recalls Famous Gii 00lSpe, culation Over Auxiliary's Secretary Post-War Russia Triduum At Abbey Opens Saturday The announcement of His Ex- cellency, the Most Reverend Bishop gives the Rev. John M. Bann the appointment as secre- tary; to our Most Reverend Aux- iliary. Father Bann was born in Tex- arkana, Ark., In 1909. He at- tended Saint Edward's School, and Providence Academy in Texarkana, and then entered St. John's Home Missions Semi- nary where he finished on June 3, 1939. Father Bann's first appoint- ment was as professor of St. John's Seminary, which post he held for 2 years. In September, 1941, he was appointed as a pro- fessor at Catholic High School, with residence at Mt. St. Mary's. In September, 1942, he resumed his residence at St. John's, and continued his  teaching at the High School. Father Bann will keep his resi- dence" at the Seminary, but will give his full time to the secre- tarial work of Bishop Fletcher. He will retain his' mission at Malvern which he cares for every Sunday, but will discon- tinue his work as professor. Arkansas Girls Lead Honor Roll In San Antonio San Antonio, Texas.  (Special to The Guardian) Miss Rosemary Whelan, 2024 Ash Street, Texar- kana, a sophomore at Out Lady of the Lake College, San Antonio, Texas, leads the entire honor roll. A release tram the Registrar's Office indicates that three other Arkansas students at the college are listed on the honor roll for the first semester, 1942-43: Miss Rita Thomas, also a Sophomore from Texarkana, Miss Dorothy Lee En- dam from Stamps, and Miss Gene- vieve Metrailer, a freshman from Little Rock. Miss Whelan was' aIso the leader of the honor roll last year, and has been active in literary and music work on the campus this year. Miss Endom is also President of the Sophomore class and was re- cently selected as Queen of the Valentine Ball given at the col- Subiaeo.--The " !,400th anniver- sary of the deatl] of Saint Benedict, founder of the Benedictine Order, known as "Patriarch of the Monks of the West," will be observed with a solemn triduum at Subiaco on Saturday, Sunday, and Monday. New Subiaco Abbey is one of some twenty-five Benedictine founda- tions in America and one of the few in the south and outhwest. The triduum will open Saturday morning with a solemn votive Mass in honor of Saint Benedict, at 7:00 o'clock. At 7:30 in the evening there will be solemn bene- diction following a sermon on the rule and history of the Bene- dictine Order. Sunday morning there will be a high Mass at 8:00 o'clock with the second sermon of the triduum. At 3:00 o'clock Sunday afternoon solemn vespers will be sung by the monks, and a ceremony of investiture of lay- oblates of the Order at Subiaco will take place. There are about sixty of these. Monday, the big feast day of the triduum, will be marked by a solemn pontifical high Mass celebrated by the Rt. Rev. Paul M. Nahlen, head of the Benedictine Order in Arkansas. The sermon will be preached by the Rev. Edwart Chrisman, O.S.B., pastor of the Parish. The other two sermons of the triduum will be delivered by the Rev. Michael Lansing, editor of "The Abbey Message" published at Subiaco. The triduum will close with rosary and benediction at 7:30 o'clock Monday night. The general intention of the triduum is "victory and a just a " " " pe ce ths year. It is also the intention of a novena started Sun- day. All the clergy of the diocese, secular and religious, as well as all members of Catholic institu- tions of Arkansas have been in- vited' to participate. A dinner will be served Monday to which the clergy of the diocese and other special guests have been invited. Brothers To Open Hotel For Seamen On West Coast Los Angeles. () Expansion of the labors of the Brothers of St. John of God into the field of soc- ial service for seamen has been announced here. Plans were re- vealed by the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Thomas J. O'Dwver Director of the Bureau of Catholic Charities, for the opening of a hotel in the Los Angeles harbor area and it is expected the institution will be functioning in a few weeks. "The great need of the times," declared Brother Matthias Barrett, United States Provincial, "is vaca- tions. Several of our novices have been lost because of the war and we appeal especially for the pray- ers of our friends that the Lord of the harvest may send' other lab- Increased " By Elmer Murphy Washington.--Tepid explanation and mild denials con- cerning the statement of Ambassador Standley in regard to the supplies and equipment the United States has been extending to Russia have had the effect of increasing, rather than diminishing, the speculation in Washington over the role Russia is playing at the present time and will play when the war is over. The Ambassador's statement, to the effect that the Soviet Government is withholding from he Russian people information concerning the aid extended by this country; the publication of list of supplies and munitions sent" to Russia by the Lease- Lend Administration, und the speech by ViSe:President Wal- lace, all coming at about the same time, haveheightened what appears the mystery enveloping the relations and the aim of the two governments. The State Department's ex lanation that' Ambassador Mt, St. Mary's Graduate Takes Vows Webster Groves, Mo.A grad- ate of Mt. S. Mary's, Joanna Sar- na, of North Little Rock, Arkansas took her temporary vows with the Sisters of Mercy on March 12, at the chapel of St. Joseph's Convent of Mercy, Webster Groves, Mis- souri. Sister Joanna is a member of St. Mary's Parish, North Little Rock, und'er the pastorship of the Ray. P. Bartodziej. She is the fifth girl of the parish to enter a religious order. At the ceremony, nine young no- vices pledged themselves to the service of God, and four other Sisters of Mercy renewed vows al- ready made. The Reverend Peter F. Quinn, S.M., a member of the Marist mis- sionary band, who had conduct- ed the retreat prior to the profes- sion was the officiating priest. He was assisted by the Rev. Gilmore H. Guyot, C.M4 of Kenrick Semi- nary. At ten  o'clock, priests, sisters and friend's again assembled in the chapel, this time to witness the clothing in the habit of the Sisters of Mercy. The Ray. Clarence A. Cochran, C.M., of Kenrick Seminary, chap- lain to the Convent, officiated at the ceremony, and was the. cele- brant of the High Mass. Bene- diction of the Most Blessed Sacra- ment was given by the Very Rev- erend Msgr. Nicholas W. Brink- man of the St. Louis Cathedral. Also present in the sancttary were the Very Ray. Robert M. Kelly, S.J., the Ray. James J. Duggan, the Rev. John J. Keefe, S.J.,the Ray. Wm. McDonald M.M., the Ray. Daniel J. Ryan, the Rex.- Donald Ryan, C.P., the Rev. George M. Ryan, the Rev. Joseph F. Seckinger, the Rev. Leo Sullivan, See VOWS on page 8 Standley was xpressing his own views and that they were not sanctioned in advance by the United StatesGovernment, does not appear to have carried much conviction. There is, ac- cordingly, much reading be- Iween the lines. In situations of this kind, a disavowal by the State' De- partment is almost routine pro- cedure. That does not mean, n.eeessariIy, that what the Am- bassador said runs counter to American policy. On the con- trary, many observers are inclin- ed to believe that the Ambassador, who is a competent official and is in a position to know what is going on in Russia, knew what he was talking about and had ade- quate reasons for saying what he did. Probably the most significant conclusion to be drawn from the episode is that it focuses atten- tion on the fact that in the matter of publicity, the Soviet Govern- ment has two policies. One has to do with public opinion within Rus- sia. The other has to do with public opinion in other countries. For example, it issues publica- tions explaining its attitude to- ward religion for distribution in foreign countries, but carefully prevents .such publications from falling into the hands of the Rus- sian people themselves. Whether it was actuated by similar motives in withholding information about See RUSSIA on page 8 OFFICIAL ANNOUNCEMENTS His Excellency, the Most Reverend Bishop makes the fol- See J. P. MORGAN on page 8 ence. orers into the vineyard." lege. Hung " 'arian (By N.C.W.C. News Service) (Previously, the N.C.W.C. News Service carried a radioed story from Vatican City, which detailed the highlights of a discourse de- livered by His Eminence Justin Cardinal Seridi's address, notable of Hungary, at St. Stephen Aca- demy in Budapest. (Sometime later, excerpts from Cardinal Seridi's address, notable for its courageousness in view of the situation in Hungary, were given in a German language broad- cast to Germany by Radio Vatican. Introducing the broadcast, the Vatican commentator declared that although the Cardinal's "words were spoken to his coun- try, they have a character of gen- eral validity." The N.C.W.C. News Service is now able to give more extensive and accurate extracts of the Cardinal's remarks.) 'Freedom Is Canonical Law' "There is one word that has come into disrepute, a treasure be- stowed on man by God shall count for nothing on earth any longer. A man has only to speak of free- dom to make himself suspect. How feeble is earthly might, Primate's Notable Address On Rights Of Peoples though I may see bayonets every- man who is sound in spirit, who if it was a menace to life itself, equal right at the gates of the is guided by his conscience, will has no inkling of what it means be free. For conscience above all, to be a human-being, let alone where; how feeble is earthly might which fears the citizens' freedom. But nobody is supposed to bear responsibility for the whole any longer. Nobody is supposed to have a voice in the decision of the whole comrhunity. Freedom is re- sponsibility: freedom is decision. But freedom also demands to be justified--and this is no longer wanted. Therefore, freedom shall die. It will notthough there may b men who know not how to use it,. who therefore will easily dispense with it, since they are embarrassed of every decision, shy of every responsibility. Conscience Helps Forward Freedom "There may be men who do not feel the need for it, not everybody knows how to use his father's heritage to the good, and will leave it to the charge of stewards. Not everyone feels the need of per- sonal responsibility, and much prefers to stay a servant. The Highest Master has made us to be masters of ourselves, and this needs freedom. The others are pitiable, stunted of growth; but the with its spiritual vital urge, helps forward freedom. "It is man's mission to be a light on earth. It is from this conscience and thanks to its measureless see-' erity, that the light flows and emanates. Man without freedom dwells in darkness, and when all among a people are in darkness, then night overtakes the land. When the citizens have ceased to shine through their inner freedom it grows dark, so dark that even the best Government must fail to see the way, and if no one must bow to new knowledge, if all are committed to silence, then the bells ring no longer in the land, and all know that it is Friday the time of suffering and sacrifice for a whole people. a Christian. "Glorification of brute force is defection from God who is Love and Goodness, who has granted freedom to everyone, to the very last hour; Who, above all, has laid not only temporal but even eter- nal destiny in mortal hands. Not A Master Race "We Magyars have now and then been called a master race. We are not, nor do we want to be one. But neither do we want to recognize another people as a mas- ter race. There are no master races in the world, but only ser- vants of God and the prey of "the Devil. The service of God liber- ates, while service of demoniacal powers enchains. There are no inferior nationsthe Star of the "We have not been born, have Epiphany shines on all nations. not made, delivered, saved by God In my capacity as a man baptized, :to return, hands tied, into that confirmed and ordained, I testify salvery from which a struggle of before my country and the world centuries, a struggle full of sacri- to the eternal truth. Whosoever lice, has liberated us. He who fails to recognize that we are all does not rise against the threats children of one Heavenly Father, of external and inner slavery as that we are in every respect of realm of eternity, and that there- fore we must be free, is a tool at undisguised emissary of the realm of darkness. "Considering all the attempts by the Church I represent to modify its interpretation of society, the spirit of: the Church knows no dis- crimination of race, citizenship, nationality, birth or wealth. The Catholic Church and my Order" (The Cardinal is a Benedictine) 'have mways rejected this as un- Christian, inhuman and unrational. And we wish to become once more Christians, hmnan beings and ra- tional, and to remain so. "There is only one scale of val- ue, namely, personal and moral character. There is no such thing as character of a people (Voel- kisch) far less superiority of a people. A Hungarian who believes such nonsense ought to blush with shame at having forgotten to which people he belongs, and withdraw to his chamber and with the help of God regain Hungarian reason by reading the Gospel and the 'history of his country. :[owing appointments: The Rev. William J. Burke as avistnt at St. Mary's Parish, : lIelen. The Rev. John J. Boyce as :assistant at St. Mary's Parish, : Paragouid. The Rev. Jesse C. Cheney a second assistant at St. Paul's : Chm-ch, Pocahontas. The Ray. John C. O'Dw,er, econd amistant at Immaculate : Ooncept[on Parish, Fort Smith. The Rev. Lawrence P. Graves, appointed to the facul- :ty of St. John's Home Mlss[ozul Seminary. The Rex,. Joseph M. Walshe as amdstat at St. $ceeph's Par- iah, Pine Bluff. The Rev. John M. Balm as secretary to the Most Reverend Auxiliary, with residence at St. John's Seminary, The Rev. Chu. iS. Diamond and the Rev. William E. Gal- vin are relea4d by His Excel- lency in order to apply for chaplaincies in the United States Army.