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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 19, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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March 19, 1938

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THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 19, 1938 PAGE FIVE Proof Murder Of Nuns March 11. (.--First- of the slaughter by Spanish Leftists on of the war in Spain by the Catholic Times to'a challenge by the Drinkwater, who wrote available evidence the fact that a general massacre of who has not controverted statement by the to he effect that a general massacre of both sexes People. claimed that I evidence disproved says it asked Father Produce some of the that he has not done Of Calumny Times' Valladolid in outspoken com- Drinkwater's at- Drinkwater's ble only on that the writer has by the campaign of lying of Moscow and tricked into defense of those is Crucify, Cru- is that if any Were killed, it was and rare cases. Playing on equivocal Word 'general' in the (in every place every person) in was not a gen- In the sense im- editorial note I there was. a Spain and more Valencia and nUrder and to out- Priests and male also nuns and pious was success- cases that it merits masacre of nuns.' Were not killed owe ! to the fact that they hide with friends in to ask--if there general massacre, survivors compelled escape from Red facts which ac- letter are sufficient to Substantiate your in this one three were first-hand evi- nuns. Of the Adoration in 'nUns were murdered-- ld others beaten to Of the fate of of this Or- SPain nothing is nuns at Cul- Superior and were murdered. of Carmelites Mother Superior Were murdered, ell Carmelite con- there is no in- lVIRrders Cited of Christian 18 were tour- Plaza Mayor. is surely suf- that there was a in Red Spain to and the complete was frustrated by circumstances of and foreign pro- ARK. Bargains Vose & Sore Walnut _ $89 WINTERS Mahogany $79 H. O. BAY lhogany $59.50 $5 and Up Bollinger RADIO STORE Ft. Smith, Ark. ; / Heroes Square in Budapest, Hungary, the scene of the devotional services which will be held during the 34th International Eucha- rtstic Congress next May. The lake shown in the background has been drained to make room for the thousands of pilgrims coming from all parts of the world to the Congress. In the center of the square an altar 75 feet high will be erected, and around the edges of the area 24 subsidisxy altars will be instolled. i Priest Urges Work Against Filth-in-Print ers in the area of Denver, who promise to rid their book and magazine racks of salaciou and indecent literature" and that "he has found that the vast percent- age of owners of magazine and book racks are willing to cooper- ate in eliminating the salacious, if their attention is .called to the movement," Bishop V.ehr adds: "As a result of this experience, Denver, March 11. (ID.--Calling it is suggested: i upon the clergy throughout Cole- 1. "That you try to secure the rado to cooperate actively in the cooperation of the religious lead- campaign against indecent reading ers in your community in a joint El Dorado Unit Of N. C. C. W. Has Regular Meeting matter, the Most Rev. Urban J. understanding and campaign. Vehr, Bishop of Denver, says 2. "That you contact by per- "many magazines, books, and sonal visit or letter the owners El Dorado,' March 14.--On the feast of St. Thomas Aquinas the N. C. C. W. unit of the Holy Re- deemer parish held their regular meeting with Mrs. C. R.Olson presiding in the place of Mrs. K. W. Bullion. The program for this meeting was in charge of the Sem- inary Committee. A very interesting summary of the 'Pastoral Letter' was given by Mrs. W. L. Walker, reviewing the history and growth of the Semi- nary and the praise it has re- ceived from other parishes. In closing, Mrs. Walker urged all ladies to attend the retreat for ladies that is held annually at St. John's Seminary. A very interesting program was rendered by the pupils of the Holy Redeemer school. A set of Breviarys was presented to Fa- ther Thomas Walshe. A mission conducted by ReD. William J. Ruggeri, S. J., of New Orleans, opened at Redeemer Holy church on Sunday, March 13. of drug stores and magazine stands, explaining the movement and asking them to cooperate in removing this objectionable liter- ature. 3. "That you try to secure edi- torial comment in favor of the movement in the daily press. 4. "That you enlist the active cooperation of your various so- cieties, e. g., Holy Name society, P a r e n t - Teacher organizations, Knights of Columbus, Altar socie- ties, etc. These organizations can assist in protesting to owners of book and magazine stands against the continued display or sale of objectionable reading material which is not only contrary to moral law, but also to state stat- utes. The parents of school chil- dren particularly will be vitally interested." !DN(HtESS CHAIIIV/AN HONORED BY HUNGARY: Rt Rev. E. G. Eordogh cf Toledo, Ohio, recently became the eighth American to be honored by the Hungarian Government with its Order of IHerit. The award was in recognition of his 25 years of outstanding achievement among Hungarian Catholics in America. Monsignor Eordogh, National Chzirnn for the 34th Intenmtional Eucharistic Congress to be held in Budapest Hungary, next May is pictured above at the presentation cere- monies receiving congratulations from his Bishop, the Most Rev. Karl J. Alter of Toledo, the Right Honorable Dr. Louis Alexy, Royal llungaxian Consul General, aml at his right, the Rt. Rev. Msgr. John T. O'Connell of Toledo who also holds the Order of Merit. I i The Christian Altar" This is the second of a series of four articles on the history and prescription of the code regarding the construction and consecration of the Christian Altar. It is suggested that mem- bers of Study Clubs take note of these enlightening and in- formative articles. In this article the name and use of altars in the middle of the first century are shown; in the next installment the use of the wooden altar and inceptonce of the use of stone is brought out. The exalted destiny and dig- nity of the Christian Altar, though not exhaustively expressed by the various terms denoting it, are yet sufficiently indicated. As it is chiefly, the place for the Eucha- ristic Sacrifice and Sacraments, the Fathers employ, after the ex-i ample of Scripture as a rule, the names "altare," seldom "ara;" and "mensa," of which the former re- fers more to the sacrificial ac-i tion and the latter to the sacri- ficial banquet. The word "altare" is frequently abbreviated by drop- ping the final "e"; sometimes it becomes "altarium." St. Isidore of Seville derives it thus: "Altare ab altitudine Nominature, quasi alta ara." Expressions which occur more rarely are, for instance "memoria" (memorial place of a saint) ; "sepulcrum" (b u r i a 1 place); "martyrium," "concessio" (place of confession) in as much as the altar covered the body of a martyr. Already at an early time the altar received the name of a saint, because it enclosed his remains or was at least dedicated to him. Thus St. Augustine men- tions a "memoria S. Stephani" and a "mensa Cypriani." The earliest record of the Chris- tian Altar is to be found in St. Paul's Epistle to the Hebrews (13: 10), "We have an altar;" and in 1st Corinthians (10:18), "Are not they, that eat of the sacrifices, partakers of the altar?" On the strength of the dates of these epistles we have proof bf the existence of Christian Altars between the years 55 and 65 A. D. But St. Paul's words empha- raze more the sacrificial action than the place of its performance. The latter may be inferred from the fact that Jn those day the Agape or corporate meal was not yet separated from the Eucharist which it immediately preceded. Very likely, therefore, the altar referred to by St. Paul of which only the Christians could partake was the table at which the meal was served; and it was of wood, either because it was part of the furniture of the home in which the Christians gathered for the break- ing of bread or because unsettled conditions made it necessary for the Christians to have portable tables. Mention of altars is to be found in the writings of the Fathers of the first four centuries, such as in St. Ignatius' epistles, those of Origen and Tertullian, and Saints Irenaeus, Cyprian, Augustine and St. John Chrysostom. We form an idea af their ap- pearance from the tables repre- sented in the Eucharist Frescoes of the Catacombs. The most an- cient, as well as the most re- markable, of those being that of the Fractio Panis found in the CapeUa Greca, which dates from the first decades of the second century, showing seven persons seated on a smi-circular divan before a table of the same form. These tabular-shaped altars were first of wood, according to St. Augustine and St. Athanasius, the former relating how the Donatists tore apm wooden altars under which the orthodox bishops, Maxi- ' mianus, had taken refuge and the latter referring to a wooden altar which was burnt by the Count Heraclius. Some say that Saint S:lvester decreed that altars should be always of stone, but the first legislation against wooden altars dates from the year 517, when the Council of Epaon in Gaul forbade the consecration of any but stone altars. 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