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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 19, 1938     Arkansas Catholic
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March 19, 1938

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PAGE FOUR THE GUARDIAN PUBLISHED WEEKLY THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 3091/2 WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21, 1911, at the post office at Little Rock, Arkansas, under the at of Cvmgress of March 8, 1879. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that It may be an earnest champion of the cause of right, Justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock EDITORIAL DEPARTMENT REVEREND THOMAS L. KEANY. Ph.D.. Editor Associate Editors: Rt. Rev. Msgr James P. Moran, LL. D; Very Ray. Msgr Joseph A. Gallagher, M. A.; Ray. Lawrence Hoyt, O. S. B.; Rev. James E. O'Connell. M. A.; Ray. Patrick M. Lynch. B, A. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the lusiness Mnager. and all matter intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST ao91/ WEST SECOND STREET Phone 5486 for Advertising Rates SPONSORS OF SERVICES N. C. W. C. News Service--Anonymous Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Texarkana Council No. 2650 ................................... $12,00 Pine Bluff Council No. 1153 ............ $12.00 Pocahontas Council No. 2443 ................. $12.00 Paragou|d Council No. 1713 .................... $12.00 Stuttgart Council No. 2770 ....................................... . 7.00 MARCH 19, 1938 THE ANNUNCIATION The month of March has been richly endowed by Holy Mother Church with the celebration of many outstanding feasts, but none which have a stronger appeal than that of the An- nunciation of ,the Blessed Mother. This feast, which the Church commemorates on the 25th of the month, has a special appeal to all of Mary's children. It reminds us of the occasion when the Archangel Gabriel was sent by God to the city called Nazareth, to a Virgin whose name was Mary. She was at prayer, when suddenly before her startled eyes this Messenger of God appeared. "Hail, full of grace," the Angel said. "The Lord is with thee; blessed art thou among women . . . Fear not, Mary, for thou hast found grace with God . . . The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee, and the power of the Most High shall overshadow thee. And, there- fore, the Holy which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God." How to picture the amazement of Mary on this most auspicious occasion, and how to describe the flood of joy which welled up in her heartl She had promised God that her life would be dedicated to Him, and that she would serve Him as a Virgin, Now all of this was to be changed, but changed in such a wonderful way, for God had selected her to be the Mother of His Son, the Mother of the Redeemer of men CozRedemptrix of mankind. She desires with a great desire that the fruits of the redemption be shared by everyone. May we not believe that when the news of this event had been noised abroad in those days that many came to Mary in her hidden life and sought her intercession. We feel sure that she listened to their pleas for she understood their needs. Thy did not seek her personal assistance, but they knew that she would listen with interest and that she would remember their intention in her prayers. The Annunciation was far more than a mere message. It meant that Mary, who was soon to be the Mother of God, had received graces for her high and privileged dignity. It meant that she was a perfect creature, that she was very close to God, and she was a Virgin most powerful. . ! Holy Mother Church presents this beautiful feast for; our consideration at this particular time in order that we may all the more realize that she is also our Mother, and that we can go to her with perfect confidence and ask her help and assistance in our every need.--M. THE PRUDENCE OF ST. JOSEPH Prudence is a virtue we all value and desire to possess. Let us look at this virtue in St. Joseph. St. Joseph never acted on impulse. He always reflected before acting. It was his prudence and charity that earned for him the solution of his dotrbtd by an Angel's voice. The St. Joseph had entrusted to him the training of Jesus. formation of the character of the Divine Child was committed to him. What prudence, what perfect prudence, must he have possessed whom God considered as the fit guardian for the Eternal Word. If we were more prudent God would entrust to us greater works to be done for Him. Our Lady must have had won- derful confidence in the prudence of her spouse when she arose unhesitatingly at the dead of night to fly with him to Egypt just because he told her he had had a dream warning him to do so. But she knew not only how naturally careful and wise he was, but that he had an infused and supernatural prudence that could not be deceived. If we were more prudent, others would trust us more, and listen with greater confidence to our advice and commands. It is an opinion held by many leaTned theologians that St. Joseph, like our Lady, enjoys the honor of having had his body raised from the grave at the time of our Lord's Resur- rection, and that he is present in Heaven now, body as well as soul. There are no relics of St. Joseph, no tomb where his body is honored. His assumption is, moreover, what we might expect in reward for such spotless purity as his. The +spouse of Mary deserved this honor, and one who had tended Jesus with such loving care had a sort of claim to it. We may, tBerefore, piously believe that St. Joseph en- joys this wonderful privilege. St. Joseph is spoken of as the most glorious of all the SairLts; what else does this mean but that he has the Kighest place in Heaven after Our Lady? The Church calls him--The glory of the inhabitants of Heaven. THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 19, 1938 St. Joseph was, after Mary, more like to His Divine Son in form and features than anyone rise. In Heaven he still re- tains this intimate likeness to Jesus, which grew and increased by reason of his close union with the Son of God.--(Leaflets). Warning to Pastors The following notice has appeared in The Messenger, Diocesan publication of Belleville, Illinois, and it is repeated here for benefit of those whom it may concern. A priest of one of the northern dioceses has sent a warning in regard to a certain group of high-pressure salesmen who had ex- ploited for their own profit a number of the larger parishes and institutions in that Diocese, They have left the Diocese and are traveling south. The pastors of this Diocese are hereby notified that if they are approached by any of this group they should refuse them per- mission to work in o1" for their parish, society or institution. Although they carry letters supposedly signed by prominent pas- tors, their seeming harmless proposition in the form of "Travel- ogues" brings the parish, wherever they have worked, in disrepute, according to. The Messenger of Bellville diocese. These "salesmen" visited Des Moines, Ia., last week and de- veloped a rather unpleasant situation. We have good information that they are in Nebraska at present. Watch out for them. QUI VIVE? (Continued from Page 1) Adult Education in New York not long ago. At this meeting the subject Of hobbies was discussed. Dr. William F. G. Swarm of $warthmore, Pa., defended hob- bies, but he added that most peo- ple waste too much time talking about them. The purpose of a hobby is, of course, to furnish a certain amount of recreation and relaxation. It gives a person relief from his usual occupation. It may be necessary and is in most cases  beneficial. The point that is over- J looked by so many who ride a hobby, is that his particular diver- slon may not be of great interest to every one whom he meets. Yet ,there is nothing more common than the experience of being bored to teaxs, by some well mean- ing individual, who must tell us about the latest developments in his pet avocation. Of course when[ kindred hobbyists meet, it is a !question of which has the most versatile attack or the greatest endurance. The golf enthusiast is one of our dally crosses, but he is harmless if annoying. Those, who make t hobby of being ex- perts on baseball, football and current sports are amusing to the i initiated. But when it comes to a real nuisance it is hard to sur- pass the person, who mas a hobby of minding everyone's busi- ness except his own. The worst feature of this diversion is its evil consequences. Those whQ indulge l in this pastime become gossipers, scandal - mongers and calumni- ators. Worse still, they seldom I realize the evil character of their work. They are often saints in their own estinuttion. Hobbies are splendid when they are innocent and kept within bounds. The story of the conversion of Ireland to Christianity by Saint Patrick is too well known to need much comment. The Irish people have spread the fame of the "Is- land of saints and scholars" to all corners of the earth. St. Patrick's Day has become almost a national holiday in the United States. Cer- tainly its. observance is very gen- eral. in these dys when the youth of our country start out with such a handicap, they might well take St. Patrick for their patron saint. According to the most authentic records, he was born in the Roman province of Britain of noble parentage. When still a boy he was captured by Irish raiders and carried off into slav- ery. He was sold to a Plctish axistocrat near Laugh Neagh. He was given the task of tending I sheep and, according to his Con- fession, he spent a great part of the dys and nights in prayer. After he was rescued in a mir- aculous manner, he returned to his own country. His family of course wanted him to remain t home, but he heard the voice of the Irish people calling him back to rescue them from the slavery of sin. He prepared himself for his ndsslonary work under the guid- ance of prudent and holy men. However, when he expected to set out in his missionary career, he !was rejected because of his lack of success in his studies. Pallad- ins was chosen In his stead, but soon he died and S. Patrick was sent to convert Ireland. His suc- cess was so phenomenai as to seem almost legendary. The "fighting" Irish submitted tamely to the grace of God and the mis- sionary genius of St. Patrick. In the lifetime of this, great saint the Irish people ,as a whole gave to Christianity that singular devo- tion that they have always given Words of Encouragement Self-Mastery We ought not to lose heart when we find there are plenty of oc- casions on which we might very well practice mortification --and don't. It is much better to take two eggs and say to yourself, "How unmortified I amt" than to take only one and wonder how soon it will be before you are canoniz- ed. Honesty and Humility Honesty is another name for humility sometimes, and if you are honest, you'll very likely get so thoroughly ashamed of yourself that you'll get mortified and do with no egg at all. If you are dis- honest with yourself, you'll never get on: NOT to practice mortifica-: tion, and then to find false rea- sons for our neglect, is bad. Bodily Austerity St. Paul said: "I chastise my body and bring it into subjection." (1 Cor. ix. 27). But we should not be discouraged because we can't carry out much bodily aus- terity, or think that on that ac- count we can't hope to get very near God. Self-mastery has no NECES- SARY connection with bodily austerity. What is wanted is the subduing of the spirit; the body counts for nothing. But if the body is a dkfficulty and a hindrance to this end, we must bring it into subjection. When God wants great bodily mortification He makes a soul know it, and gives the desire for it so strongly that the soul would suffer more by NOT doing it than l it does in the austerity. Graces Without Penance You ask, is it possible for ME to be a true servant of God with- out performing wonderful austeri- ties? Yes, great grace is often given without great bodily pen- ance: the Little Flower of Jesus is an instance of this. It is no small penance in these days merely to bear with yourself; and if you bear properly with yourself and with your neigh- bor, God will give you the highest graces. Don't Be Idiotic! Don't bt idiotic! When you have found this or that disturbance pro- duced by a fit of nerves, don't straightway fancy something is wrong with your soul. You are being carried away by false no- tions and making a great mistake if you think you can't BE good because you dbn't FEEL good. To feel "rotten," and yet have pati- ence with yourself, remaining quiet and keeping your recollec- tion; to maintain evenness of tem- per; not to be influenced by changing moods; to be always ser- ene; this is to practice real aus- terity and high virtue. Pray to obtain the grace"which St. Ann possessed in an eminent degree, namely, to be satisfied merely to be just what she was to herself, and to God. How muct time, how much merit we lose, when we wish to be anything but what we are to God. i i to every cause, which they espous- ed. The annual celebration of St. Patrick's Day shQuld mean more than a festive day. It should be a day on which all who have Irish blood in their veins should re- member the hardships of their fathers and pledge themselves anew to the religion that meant so much to them. i Q UES TION B OX By REV. FRANCIS S. GUY, Ph. D. What should a Catholic do when served meat at a party or dinner on Friday or a day of abstinence? A Catholic should not eat the meat. Some maintain that it would be charitable to eat the meat and not embarrass the hos- tess, but this seems to be carrying charity too far. The situation can be quietly and politely met with- out embarrassment to any ,one. If we are on a diet we do not hesitate to refuse food that we are not supposed to eat. Since we are so concerned about our physical welfare that we do not consider the embarrassment of our hostess why should we not display the same concern in regard to our spiritual welfare. Remember char- ity begins at home. Why is the Bible called the word of God? It is so called because God is the author. The sacred writers were so influenced by God that they wrote only the things that He wanted written. He also in- spired them that they know these things clearly and wrote about them aptly and without error. Hench, though written by men in human language, because of the active participation of the Holy Ghost in their composition, the Bi- ble is called the Word of God. * * * t What is the Old Catholic Church? This is the name assumed by the priests and lay-people, chief- ly in Germany, who refused to ac- cept the dotrine of Papal infal- libility as defined by the Vatican Counil in 1870. The cause of "Old Catholicism" was supported by the German government, which was engaged at the time in a war upon the Church. This schism experienced little success and to- day the total number of adher- ents is not more than 50,000. * * * Does salve or other medldne put into the nose at night break the fast required before Commun- ion? No; only matter taken after the manner of food or drink breaks the fast required before Commun- ion. Will you please tell me where I can get some authentic infor. mutton about Communism in the United States. The pamphlet "Communism in the United States," will give you the information desired. Write to the National Catholic Welfare Council, 1312 Massachusetts Ave., N. W., Washington, D. C., for a copy. The price is ten cents. $ * * Since life, liberty and the pur- suit of happiness are the in,lien- able rights of man, does not the ,Churh violate these principles in not permitting divorce and there- by obstructing man's pursuit of happiness? First, it is not the Church but God who does not permit divorce The indissolubility of marriage is an essential part of the Sacrament of Matrimony which was institut- ed by Christ. Now for your ques- tion; man's pursuit of halpiness depends upon his liberty. Man voluntarily restricts his liberty by means of contracts. If a man con- tracts to work a certain number of hours a day in return for a stipulated sum of money, he is not free to pursue his happiness during these hours. All contracts clearly state their provisions, and man knowing these freely binds himself by their requirements when he assumes the obligation of a contract. Marriage is a con- tract which binds the contract- ing parties for life. Catholics are fully aware of this and are con- scious of the future possibilities that might detract from their an- ticipated happiness, and thus, re- gardless of the outcome of their marriage are bound by the pro- visions of the contract of which they 2reely became a party. The teachings of God, the preservation and dissemination of which are the duties of the Church of Christ, are not unreasonable. * * Is there a spiritual relationship between the person confirmed and his sponsor in the Sacrament of Confirmation? Yes; but it does not constitute a matrimonial impediment. Wht is meant by a duly au- thorized priest? A duly authorized priest is one who has the faculties or jurisdic- tion to exercise his priestly pow- ers. This jurisdiction is received from the Bishop or Ordinary of the diocese. A doctor cannot prac- tice his profession until authoriz- ed by the state, and a priest, al- though he receives his powers through the Sacrament of Holy Orders at ordination, may not ex- ercise his power without the au- thorization of the Bishop. i PamPhlet Rev,ews I Saints to Help the Sick and the Dying." by Edmund J. Goebel, Ph. !D. (Benziger Brothers, New York. Price $1.50). After reading Saints to help the Sick and Dying, a clearer and better understanding of the !Church and her attitude towards the sick and dying is obtained by both religious and laity. I In the hands of the sick, the prayers and reflections, witfi short histories of the lives of certain saints invoked against certain diseases, and prayers asking their hid, should be a great consolation and enable them to turn their sufferings into acts of great merit so there would be no wasted pain. To those constantly in charge of the sick, the beautiful, consol- ing prayers to meet every need, should make this little book so popular that soon it would find its way to the library of every hospital. In the hands of those less instructed, it should be in- valuable as it explains in simple detail what to do in all stages of sickness, as what to do at the bedside of a dying Catholic, what to do at the bedside of a dying non-Catholic, etc. i "Sister Mary John Berchmans" by Sister Mary Edwin O'Neill, R. H. N. (Benziger Broth., New York. Price $1.75). Although twenty-five y e a r s have elapsed since Sister Mary John Berchrnans left this world to claim her abundant reward, her spirit lives not only in the mem- bers of her order (TheHoly Names of Jesus and Mary) but in the lives of all those with whom she came in contact, and I they were many, for she taught in their schools in California for a number of years. Endowed with brilliance of mind What Do You Know? (Answers on Page. 6) 1. What is the name of the country situated in Europe west of Germany, on the North Sea, which is a monarchy and which is commonly regarded as a Protestant country, but in which 45 per cent of the peo- ple are Catholics and their re- ligious life is peculiarly strong? 2. What is the name of the famous Gothic catedral situat- ed on the Ile de la Cite in the heart of Paris, France? 3. In what special way is St. Benedict of Nursia, whose feast day falls on March 21, particularly noted? What is the name of the monastery founded by him near Rome which became the cradle of the Benedictine Order? 4. What is meant by the expression "corporal and spir- itual works of mercy" Can you name the seven corporal works of mercy and the seven spiritual works of mercy? 5. What is the name of the only religious community of men that has had its origin in the United States? (N. C. W. C. Features) and an outstanding, pleasing per- sonality, from her childhood she inspired love and affection every- where. Later in her cortvent life her very goodness and holiness drew souls nearer to God. She strived always to have perfect un- ion with God and to those around her seemed to have reached a high degree of sanctity. The ' second part of the book is devoted to the spiritual notes of Sister Mary John Berchmans. Her ardent love of God is mani- fested throughout the chapters. The life of this holy soul is similar to the life of the Little Flower %:;! + Catholics In American Hist JOHN DANIEL CRI Crimmins was a contr iron of arts and phila I He was a Democratic pr elector on three occasionS,: ber of the Special Pans mittee, Commissioner of] New York City for five Y a member of the New y0 stitutional Convention of: was especially known forl for the Church. He attended the Jesuit l of St. Francis Xavier York before joining his  the cQntracting business. m ing his father's death, h$][ head of the firm. / construction works carrid him were the renoV $ Broadway, the buildii Broadway Cable Road,  subway for telegraph phone, and the undergro apparatus for the city lines. Colleges, schools, homes and refugees both: country and abroad wel_l ficiaries of his philanth was created a Knight C0 of the Order of St. Gr Pope Leo XIII. He waS' of the Catholic Univ America, of St. Patrick!S' dral and of the New Y0 olic Orphanage and the Hospital. His love for Americal the traditions of the IriD indicated by his memUt the Friendly Sons of St; and the American Irish Society. He was the sO two works "Irish Ameri . ,, I torlcal Miscellany and tick's Day--Its Celebr New York and other 2 Places." He was born'. York in 1844 and died 1917, survived by five five daughters. He W #+ beside his wife in a chapel erected by him in:! vent of the Dominican the Perpetual Adoratiori. ! (N. C. W. C. Featt . * A CATHOLIC DIOI * OF TIIOUGII - * VANITY * a , , , , , , a * $ Vanity is the desire to get something for O'Malley. Vanity is the ill wind tl good to all the imperfect," ley. Every man has just vanity as he lacks under$ --Pope. The general cry is agi gratitude, but the cora misplaced, it should be vanity; nonebut direct are capable of ingratit almost everybody is cat thinking he hath done 1 " another deserves, while thinks he hath received he deservcs.--Pope. There is no arena in Wlli ity displays itself urder variety of forms as con --Pascal. "Vanity of vanities, a vanity" (Ecclesiastes), ba God and Him only to sel lowing of Christ. \\; 'i Nothing is so ingenioU ity. It will find no where the commonse: starve.--Bishop J. L. S The least vain still fi by whom it is pleasai praised.--Spalding. And not a vanity is vain.--Pope. , (N. C. W. C. FeatU No Place for The time of merit wi! l past. There will be no i faith and trust when in I shall see light. I shaI able then to glorify Thee when I see in a dark ma have the blessing of tB! have not seen and have ! Now is the acceptable tif are the days of salvatior. Mary Loyola. and like her, Sister  Berchmans will shower  on her friends who ask ll cession. +ii: