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March 17, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 17, 1923

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THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 17, 1923 PAGE FIVE i of NOTE Justice White, t by the Alumni of University, who are co- in the law school Douglass White Profes- al Law" ill l's nmst dis- from all parts of the a ready desire on the ] alumni to perpetuate memory of the late White of the United Court in recognition service to the coun- on behalf of the Amer- of which he is W. Davis, in a letter E. Hamiltm of the lauded the purpose of to learn that the University are a Professorship oJ Law in memory of the tice White," wrote Mr. Could be more fittillg. ld be something deserved tribnte by the son. It to coming them to imitate of mind and heart e Chief Justice White one of those who in the field of of the movement night through the Association ng, among other things a "Greater Georgetown," , a number of professor- school. Active work carried on to endow in memory of the late lI. Gould of the Dis- Court, an lmnored law school. White was a member 1865 at Georgetown at the outbreak of the enter the Confederate Southern boys at the in Washington as member of the Su- White always took in his Alma Mater Law School which SOme years after his death, Chief Jus- sented his portrait to with the following 'for all George- sincerest wish is within these class and maintain indi- tad law united as the to themselves and Yon Lerchenfeld, of Bavaria, is at pres- " United States. He is renewed strength in Germany one of the most im- growing out of article written the N. C. W. C. News in the Guar- his ideas con- an d underly- the development of the describes. Noble a member of one o families of the nobility of Germany. aaSaciated with the Be- in various respon- 1900, chiefly in and administrative ca- the war, when the had occupied Poland, there as a member set up under Of Bavaria for the the occupied areas. In acquainted with the was then Monsig- Vistor to Poland, developed into was in the Ger- service and in Sep- became Premier of office until Novem- for per- is still a deputy in elected as a the Bavarian Peo- during his term of that negotiations between the Vatican entered into and completion. He is Goerres Society, a the advancement the membership to persons of un- attainments. The wife of the Miss Ethel Wy- :They were married in t. Patrick's Cathedral P.T.N., 45 Broad- the attention of GREAT SINGER ASKS GOD'S BLESSING AT EVERY PERFORMANCE i (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, D. C., March 12.--"i never appear on the stage without 1 first making the sign of the Ce'oss and saying a little prayer that God will bless my work." So declares Madame Maria JeriSza, celebrated*, prima donna of the Metro- politan Grand Opera Comp'my, who has had musical America at her feet since her arrival in the United States and whose concert in the national capitol last week was the outstanding musical even of Washington in years. Hundreds occupied standing room; hundreds were turned away. Unsophisticated But-- Madame Jeritza's statement that she never goes on the stage without a prayer is perhaps an index to tmr whole character. In her concert hero her manner was not that of an idol of the millions, it was that of a simple convent school gi'l. "The most unsophisticated woman that has ever appearel in Washing- ton," said an enthusiastic admirer from the Italian embassy as he watch- ed with unfeigned delight and sur- prise the simplicity of Madame Jerit- za's manner as she dropped a typical- ly Viennese curtesy to the audience. "IIow do you like her?" he said to a tall, distinguished-looking young man who stood nex to ]tim. "Oh well enough," was the reply. "Well enough" said the enthusiast from the italian embassy "Why, she's marvelous." "I'm glad you thi$k so. l'm her bus- band." Catholic Itusband Baron Leopold de Popper, Madame Jeritza's husband, is himself a type of the outstanding Catholic of Aus- tria. He is owner of three of the greatest Catholic newspapers m that country. But a still larger part of the reve- nue of this noble woman is devoted to the alleviation of the distress of her own people. When Jeritza appeared in Washington last week she received close to $4,000 for an hour's work. When she goes back to Austria next summer she will receive one dollar a performance for fifteen concerts in which she will engage. But it will be for her own people that she will sing and Madame Jeritza will be happy. Convent-Bred Mdame Jeritza is a convent-bred girl;--a real convent-bred girl, not the press agented kd. Her convent training s evident in her every ac',.. She'has great devotion to the Blessed Mother and wears in her gown, close to her heart several medals of the patroness of Austria. Shortly after she 'arrived in New York, a metropolitan press agent sought to achieve some cheap publici- ty for her by writing that she had escaped from a convent. Furious Over Canard When Madme Jeritza heard this re- port, she was furious. The result was ap instant denial, not however, before some of the Catholic papers of this country had republished the canard. "I studied in the convent for many years," said Madame Jeritza. "Is it true, probably like every other girl who attends a convent, that I would often have liked to run away, but this --this is infamous." Hard work it has been for Madame Jeritza to climb the heights. Claims Austria "l know so many artists who will not do hard work, but it must be done if one is to succeed," says Madame l Jeritza. "In Austria we have very many fine artists, some of whom now alas are poverty stricken." Madame Jeritza wants it to be known that she is an Austrian. "One of the Washington newspa- pers published that I was a Czech- Slovak," she said. "Another said I was a Bohemian. I tun neither. I am Austrian, proud of my people and much distressed for them." tim Catholic clergy and people to the provisions of boats on these lines for the Catholic travelers. Mr. MacNary is the Passenger traffic manager, and seeks to build up and maintain a U. S. Merchant Marine. He thus solicits: "For the benefit of the Catholic Clergy and our Catholic patrons, we wish to inform you of the accommo- dations provided for the celebration of Mass and administration of Sacra- ments on the ships of our Lines. "With the kind cooperation of a Catholic priest, we have equipped each of our ships with a portable Al- tar and all its appurtenances, a Mis- sal, a complete set of vestments, A1- thr Wine, large and small Altar Breads, Pyx and oil-stock. "Before each trip 'the equipment m inspected by this priest, who sees that clean linens, fresh Altar Breads and Wine are on hand and everything is in order." :ATHOLIC TREND IN GERMANY SEEN BY FORMER PREMIER Count Lerchenfeld Writes About Religious Movement in ttis Coun- try--Notable Development Declares German Catholicism Can Be an Importmt Factor in the World's Evolution to Better State. By Hugo Count yon Lerchsenfeld ( By N. C. W. C. News Service) War and revolution not only chang- ed the face of Germany physically but they also stirred the minds of the people ve:y deeply. There trod been considerable unrest many years be- fore. Since the second half of the last century, social problems had brought an element of fermentation into the widest strata of the German) 1 nation which, by rapid industridl de- I ve]opment, its high standards of edu- cation and by its natural tendencies towards theory and criticism, was in- clined to new social doctrines. Marx[ and Lassalle, the fathers of modern 'Socialism, were both Gernmns, though of Jewish blood. Conflict of Principles The religious split between Catho- lics and Protestants never ceased to exert its mental and political influ- ence and reached a new stage ir| the "Kulturkampf" (by literal transla- tion "cultural contest") waged against the Roman Catholic Church by Bismarck soon after 1870 in an attelupt to bring this Church under the control of the Prussian govern- men(. This warfare was extended to other German states with Protestant nmjorities, and even in predominant- ly Catholic states like Bavaria the "liberal" movement created similar conflicts. The reason lay partly in special cases of conflict between the two parties; partly--and this is the root of the matter---in conflict o principles. Character of German Catholic Movement Students of history and philosophy will observe that the most important phenomena of life depend only out- wardly upon single facts and personal activities, but are due principally to evolutions or to tensions, which give way to explosions. The imperialism of great nations leading to the World War furnishes the latest proof. We must go back to the period of the be- ginning of Socialism and of the "Kul- turkampf" to understand the Catholic movement in Germany. I do not speak of a revolt, because Catholicism in Germany was strong in every period; yet the present Catholic movement tends to consolidate the forces, con- centrate the effortg and intensify the influence of Catholic thought in the national life at large, starting from a new type of man. Socialistic Influence Both Socialism and the "Kultur- kampf" had their influence on the minds, of German Catholics. Long be- fore the protecting labor laws and other social measures were enforced and human society at large took up the study of social problems ,enlight- ened men like the late Bishop yon Ketteler, of Mainz preached the ne- cessity of protective social service be- cause of religion and Christian broth- erhood. The Christian trade unions of present day Germany draw their strength from their Catholic members and parties endorsing Christian prin- ciples, like the Centrum, always sup- ported reasonable social reform. The "Kulturkampf" called the Catholics to the political platform. Centrists The "Centrum" (so-called because the seats reserved to its members in the Reichstag occupy the center of the semicircle), was never meant to be an exclusively Catholic party. It appeal- ed to all the citizens who believe in Christian principles, advocating free- dom of the Church to accomplish her divine task, and liberal support of the Church by the State, especially ib the matter of religious education. The "Centrum" draws its main followers from the Catholic people. Of all the civic or non-socialistic parties it suc- ceeded best in repressing the socialis- 'tic tide in the large cities and indus- trial centers. Yet it never obtained a majority of its own. One-third Catholic The Catholics hardly comprise one- third of the German population. They are located chiefly in the West (Rhineland), in the South (Bavaria) and in the East, where the Catholics formed a strong majority in the prov- inces'annexed to the new Polish State. In Bavaria the "People's Party" takes the, place of the "Centrum." It stands ?or Federalism. Evil Influ,encc of Materialism Materialism invaded modern society in Gernany also. Free thought spread widely. Socialism and liberalism .are the fruits of the period of enlighten- ment culminating in the French Revo- lution. While the materialistic concep- tion takes man and human welfare as forces of the universe, Catholic thought conceives man as being en- dowed with an immortal soul and an- swerable to God, material interests being important only as means to a higher supernatural end. Federal State The Germau Catholic movement seeks to promote this principle of the Christian c911ception of the universe. Clergy and laity, men and women, are , equally engaged in this task. Efficient : work means organization. Here a short statemen with regard to the German constitution is needed. Ger. many is a federal state. The "Reich" is responsible for the most important tasks and the general legislation, while the states exercise largely the executive and administrative power. The Catholic Church deals with the single states under the constitution. The great organizations of the Catho- lic people extend freely over the whole "Reich." Among them the "Volksverein fur das Katholische Deutschland" must be mentioned prominently. This great associatino spreads all over the country, enlists farmers and workmen, and promotes Catholic thought by persomd influ- ence as well as by the printed word. It means Catholicism, not learned ancl complicated, but simple, practical, democratic in the good sense of this word wtfich, alas, is so much misrep- resented and misunderstoo:l. Mun- chen-Gladbach, a manufacturing city north of Cologne, is the center. Here the organization's officials and lead- ers are trained. The parish is the base of each local society. Promoted by St. Boniface Boniface, the great apostle of the Germans, the founder of the oldest Bishoprics and martyr of his creed, gives his name to an association which promotes the Catholic creed in prov- inces where a few Catholics live scat- tered among Protestant majorities-- in the Diaspora--and where continu- ous work is needed to supply means to keep the Catholic churches and in- stitutions running. Catholic literature and newspapers are published and spread by the Catholic Press Asso- ciation, which is organized in the va- rious German States and tries to get into the most remote corners of the country. Numerous and varied in their branches are the organizations which serve educational and charitable pur- poses. There is a wise mixture of lay 'activity combined with ecclesiastical work, all under ecclesiastical super- vismn. No Catholic University There is no Catholic university in Germany, anti there are only a few colleges, mostly maintained by re- ligious orders. The clergy is generally trained at the theological schools with the rank of Universities by the Bish- op. Catholic life among the students is promoted by leagues, and Catholic science finds its center in the famous "Goerres-Society," named after Jo- seph Goerres, the great Catholic au- thor and statesman who died in 1840. Catholic university graduates are or- ganized in special societies. Both the Goerres-Society and the Catholic Uni- versity Alumni societies hold annual meetings at which lectures are deliv- ered on various scientific questions. Every year also the Catholic public meets in largely attended sessions called "Katholikentag" (Catholic day) to exchange ideas and promote the Catholic movement. Present Difficulties Unfortunately present conditions are most difficult. The depreciation of German money and the' occupation of the Rhineland by foreign troops ham- pers some of our Catholic activities in a most distressful way. Good Cath- olics of all nations ought to contribute to help ameliorate these conditions. -War and revolution, as I said, changed the situation of the Catholic Church considerably throughout Ger- many. On the one hand, Germany lost important provinces with Catholic majorities in the West and East. On the other hand the Socialist parties, which came into power in 1918, could nodeny their principles so far as to carry on certain restrictions against the Church which had formerly weighed upon it; i. e., the law against the Jesuits and other religious orders. At the same time the energy of the Catholic voters prevented the Social- ists, who on the whole are in support of an unfriendly separation of Church and State, from adopting any meas- ures unfavorable to religious activity. Humanity Yearns But we must try to enter deeper into the problem. The growth of in- terest in religious questions is an un- deniable fact. If I remarked in my introduction that the events of the last few years had deeply stirred the minds, I may go one step farther and say there goes a yearning throughout humanity to be released from the present chaotic and distressful condi- tions and this yearning is more deep- ly felt by those nations which are most affected by these conditions. No wonder, that people shaken in their belief turn towards ideals forgotten, yea, despised in the past. The his- tory of our civilization shows large and constant waves. Once the world adopted the Gospel of Christ as the only means of salvation. More than a thousand years later we observe Christian civilization rising to its crest and then again we witness the reviwfl of heathen thought, the tide of scepticism and materialism--still powerful in our owl 2 (lays. What other but Catholic thought will help to carry on the wave of idealism, to promote human solidari- ty, through humanism, which mus be centered in God. German Catholicism is a powerful factor in this evolution. Once before, after the decline of the Roman Empire, the young German race took up the sacred light to carry it through the darkness of ages. Let us learn from what lfistory, the im- partial judge, teaches. German Ca- tholicism hampered or wiped out would mean an irreparable loss to Catholic thought and to humanity. SEVEN DAY WORK SUBJECT OF RI,L IN LEGISLATURE I (N. C. W. C. Dept. of Social Action) t Washington, D. C., March 13.--The Illinois legislature has under consider- ation a bill making the 6-day week ob- ligatory for employes in nearly all of the industries of the state. The bill is in committee and a strong effort is being made to secure favorable action by the legislature before the close o the session in June. If the bill passes it will enforce by law the strong dec- laration made by Potde Leo in his En- cyclical on the Condition of Labor; "In all agreements between masters and work people there is always the condition expressed or understood that there should be proper rest for soul and body. To agree in any other sense would be against what is right and just; for it never can be just or right to require on the one side, or to promise on the other, the giv]ng up of those duties which a man owes to God and himself." Day's Rest a Week The bill applies to all mechanical and mercantile establishments, to fac- tories, foundries, laundries, hotel, restaurants, telegraph and telephone companies, places of amusement, ex- press companies, transportation com- panies and common carriers, such a railroads, street ear companies, etc. Should the bill pass it would not mean that no concern in any of these branches of industry or trade could not continue operation seven days a week. It would, however, forbid any employe to work the full ,even days. He or she would get a ay's rest a week. PRIEST TO ADDRESS PROTESTANT DIVINES (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Pittsburgl, Mar. 10.--Rev. Thomas F. Coakley, D.D., Rector of Old Saint Patrick's Church, has been invited to address the Protestant Ministers of Pittsburgh at their March Ministerial meeting, and has consented to speak on the subject: "The Contribution of the Roman Catholic Church to Chris- tianity." This is the first time in the history of Pittsburgh that a Catholisc priest had addressed a body of Protestant ministers. NORTH DAKOTA BILL WOULD GIVE TIME FOR RELIGIOUS TEACHING (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Bismarck, N. D.--Children in the public schools'of North Dakota would be excused for two hours each week for the purpose of receiving eligious instruction and credit for this in- struction would be allowed upon proper certification, according to the plan advocated in a bill introduced in the House of Representatives of the State Legislature here. A somewhat similar proposal is contained in two bills now be4ore the lower house of the South Dakota Legislature. The bill h'ts been referred to the committee on education. MASS KITS PROVIDED ON VIgSSELS TO ORIENI (By N. C. W. C, News Service) San Francisco, Mar. ll.--Passen- ger steamers of the Toyo Kisen Kai- sht line plying between this port and Honolulu, Yokohama, Kobe, Nagasaki, Shankgha, Hongkong anti Manila, will hereafter carry complete Mass kits for the convenience of missionaries and other priests who may be travel- ing to the Orient, according to an an- nouncement made here by J. Vincent ,Brags, general passenger agent. The installation has been effected at the suggestion of many Catholic priests and lay persons who have been pas- sengers on the vessels. ' t , BOOKS of INIEREST ........ ......... , .......... The eye can become so trained that any Catholic reference can be quickly noted, even though the whole reading of a book is denied. The Life of W. Q. Gresham, by Matulda Gresham, in two large vol- umes, nicely printed, came as a gift, and when one's life is important , enough to spread over more than one i volume, a scaning  ould seem to be a necessity. Mrs. Gresham in writing the life of her husband, says: "My father was born a Roman Catholic, but bad be- come a Methodist. Later on he be- came a Presbyterian through the in- fluence of my maternal grandmother, Jane Grow, who lived with us. But with all my father's change of reli- gion, he never entirely lost his predi- lection for and connection with the Roman Catholic Church. Every Christmas he gave a present to all the Catholic orphans in town. For a time he sent several of my sisters and myself to a Catholic convent at Bardstown, Ky. One day my father brought home with him a Catholic orphan, a boy by the name of Daniel C. Griffin, who had some work in the store. His parents were Irish 'immigrants." Such admissions, not very comforting in view of the defection from the faith, are convincing proof of the impres- sion such faith makes upon the lives of individuals. I heard some one, who had been de- prived of the opportunity of knowing the faith, say that there was a calling, an echo, as it were, from out of the past, and she felt so the loss of what she should have had, of what was hers by every right, that the question was ever before her. That faith i s compatible with science we have new evidence every (lay. We find in "The Amatetur's Book of the Dahlia" how "our dahlias owe much to the early struggles of the Abbe Cavanilles. His young man- hood was devoted to his Church, but his love of flowers and his botanical writings led to his appointment in 1801 as director of the Royal Botani- ' cal Gardens in Madrid, with which he had already been connected for: some years. This position he held until 1804, when his untimely death carriel " away the-lovable priest, one of the greatest botanists--the man who brought the dahlia to the attention of the world." And faith is no handicap.t0 poetry, "" in fact it goes hand in hand with that art. "Our Poets of Today" list J0yce and Aline Kilmer, Clement" Wood, Thomas Welsh, and Frandis Carlin; A biographical outline of these au- thors, a critical estimate of theix poetry, and some examples of their writings are given in a volume writ  ten by H. A. Cook, and belonging to a series of books about writers which have found favor with the public. C. CATHOLIC CHURCH ATTITUDE ON HUMAN EVOLUTION STATED Whilst many supposedly scientific and religious teachers are "monkey- ing" with the similarity, resemblance and differences of man and our pro- anthropoid stock, in minute detail tellhg us of the cranial capacity, supra-orbital ridges, tails and non- tails, and their theological and socio- logical attachments, it is well fez our Catholic people to know "where they are at" in this quite popular bone or tail of argumentation. "Human Evolution and Science," by Rev. Francis P. LeBuffe, S. J., is an instructiye pamphlet, just put out by The America Press, 4847 Grand Cen- tral Terminal, New York. For ten cents it is possible for us to acquire true knowledge as to the standing of the Catholic Church on human evolu- tion. Father LeBuffe gives it to us e- plicit!y, definitely and officially. His last sentence tells us that "in brief human evolution is condemned from science from the Bible, from the Church." The how and why he plain- ly tells us in his treatise. EDUCATION SOLUTION OF NEAR-EAST PROBLEM SAYS MSGR. BARRY-DOYLE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New York, March ll.--Eclucation is he solution of the terrible race ha- treds of the Near East, accordiffg to the Right Rev. Monsignor R. Barry- Doyle, chaplain of the British forces in Constantinople, who, in speaking before a group at the residence of Mrs. Clarence Mackey last week, de- clared the Turks are not adverse ta Christian advancement, but that they will not stand for their own religio n being attacked. "The Turk will welcome anything that goes toward making progress within the Christian realm," said lIonsignor Barry-Doyle, *'but he:wi,ll not stand for his own religion being ttaeked"