Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 17, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 17, 1923
 

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thing is very good read- and the Chris- PP., XV. WORK i:WIIILE IN J/12AN News Service) 7.An in[or- of the work done in Fumasoni- Delegate to the e he was Apostolic is contained in a a member of the Seminary who has spent it reads ill Fluent ly POtolic Delegate to the known to me per- was nay guest different occasions Japan. He is very cess to all, very speaks English CvOvernment "Biondi was just Apostolic Del- had a wonder- the ecclesiasti. e gee- Was not officially He establish- With the heads of of State and Way for his success- government he highest decora- of the Sacred Tact insight into the and he TI='- ,he right word accounts for with the the cause of the worth of was des- service. reports the Propagan- See only an I of the situation J Japan. The at-I Delegate, was, I the greatest I of the great. to shine upon in Tokio in later, he be- central and In August he nissions. Every- study of to mission- of- the slow in Japan. The of His Ex- uipment was rePressiOn on judge comparison Immense re- missions, everywhere. and other spread far and the Catholic been " pro- and great made to response repeated ap- The Cath- some very apart, but their that they Ponle Dele- the ic Pre- to Rome in vlsited and took 'steps mission from the hopes in Rome and WOUld soon be lroraise of re- new char- opened. It regret that as Sec- although Service Sslons in found in our loss." A Catholic Paper'is a Perpetual Mission. Pope Lt) XIll. "The Guardian" in every home--our Motto. The Official Organ of the l)iocese of Little Rock Arkansas ....................................... 2_-"'LLZ "::. "72; ......... 22 2 ........................ Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, March 17, 192a ! ; i - AT SESS000NS000ImDoF NEW APOSTOLIC DELEGATE, ARCHBISHOP FUMASONI-B ND WELCOMED TO PRAYERS delegate, taken aboard the boat as His Exc,.ilency got a glimpse of d A wARMoWs.ELCOME2nWaAwlhTyhDLTaHEhN,EW APOSTOLIC DELEGATE, ArdablJhop Pietro Fumasoni. New York's famous sky-line. He Bion " oug t him from Italy locked In New York. He was greeted by Arch, says the American people have won bishop Hayes of New York (right) and his res,ct on account of their love His Excellency was received in private audience by the Holy Father, who speeded his dcleuats with the remarks. Iepresentat|ve gathering of distinguished clergy. Before leaving Roml' of lJbc,,-tv and law (Foto,rams) "My blessings accompany you to America, which is so dear to my heart." (Wide World  ANTI-EVOLUTION BILL PASSED BY TEXAS HOUSE APOSTOLIC DELEGATE REACHES WASHINGTON-.BEGINS OFFICIAL DUTY Gives Exclusive Interview With N. C. W. C. News Service--Has Great Grasp of European Affairs--Keen Knowledge of America and American Institutions Speaks English Flu- entlyRefers to the American Relief Fund as a Most Gen- erous Aid to Papal Distribution. (By N. C. W. C. News Service)' :f-l"aPreeiation he expressed before Washington, D. C., March 10.Am- I left Rome. erlcan generosity to the distressed American Prestige Increased nations of Europe through the Papal relief fund has made a very deep im- pression throughout Europe and es- pecially at the Vatican, according to His Excellency, Archbishop Pierre Fumasoni-Biondi, who arrived in Washington last week to take up his duties as successor to Cardinal Bon- zanot as Apostolic Delegate to the United States. Grasp of American Affairs Few men have a greater grasp of affairs international than the new Delegate. His experiences as Apostol- ic Delegate, which include his terms of service in the East Indies and later in Japan, have given him a keen in- sight into the problems of the Orient. "The prestige Of Americans has greatly increased abroad as a result of this generosity. I had the happi- ness, before I left Rome, of saying Mass at the Church of Santa Susan- na, which the late pontiff, Benedict XV permitted for the use of Ameri- cans and which is a gathering place for people of the United States, a are churches of other nations the as- sembly places of their own people for important ecclesiastical functions 'having national significance. These churches are in no sense parish churches, but there people of a par- ticular nation gather to hear the ser- mons in their own tongues and to commemorate the feast days of their ['rovides Evolution Cannot be Taught "As a Fact" in State Schools Austin, Texas, March 12.Teach- ing of evolution "as a fact" in the public schools of Texas is prohibited in the so-called "monkey bill" which has been passed to engrossment in the House of the Texas Legislature by a vote of 69 to 32. The bill has been considerably modified from its original form. As amended the bill permits the teaching of evolution as a theory, but would prohibit its sub- stitution for the Genesis account of the creation. By an amendment offer- ed by Representative Greer, of Poy- ner, the words "as a fact" were in- jected in the bill and accepted by Representatives Stroder anql Howeth, the authors. Caustic Criticism An effort by Representative Hard- in, of Kaufman, to have further con- sideration of the measure postponed indefinitely, failed. In opposing the measure, Representative Hardin said "that no one could look in on the Legislatm'e and doubt the correctness A native of Rome and for many years of the Darwinian theory," adding that "we must have a strain of monkey blood in our veins or we would cut out such monkey business. He in- sisted that the Bible and evolution are unrelated; that the former deals with religion and the latter with a sci- ence. It would be "a -violation of the fundamental pinciples of 'religion and constitutional liberty to dictate what shall and shall not be taught in the public schools," he said, adding: "The teachers are not presuming to tell the preachers what they shall preach; neither should the preachers dictate what teachers shall teach." Demands Bible Have Equal Chance A strong plea fox" the passage of the bill was made by Representative Dodd,'of Bowie, who demanded that "God be given an etlual chance with the devil in the schools of Texas. We permit the teaching of evolution in our schools and at ' the same time de- feat a bill providing for the teaching of the Bible. This is unfair. We owe it to our children and to our moth- ers who loved their Bible and taught us its meaning, to abolish forever from our schools this iniquitous fan lacy which holds that the Bible is un- true and that man is a monkey." occupied with duties under the di- rection of he Congregation of the Propaganda, he has an incisive grasp of European affairs. His knowledge of America and American institutions has been enhanced by the fact that he served as secretary to Cardinal Mar- tinelli, Apostolic Delegate to the United States from 1896 to 1902. Archbishop Fumasoni-Biondi bame secretary to Cardinal Martinelli shortly after the latter's return to the Eternal City and continued until the 'Cardinal's death in 1915. There is an additionM link which binds the new Delegate to the Am erican people in the fact that he was for a considerable period canon of the Church of Santa Maria in Trastavere, the titular church of the late Cardinal Gibbons. Delegate Tall and Powerfully Built The new Apostolic Delegate is tall and powerfully built with keen, pene- trating eyes and a face that is quick to light into a smile. In an exclusive interview with tile N. C. W. C. News Service he displayed an unusually wide fund of information concerning affairs in which Americans are inter- ested, but he spoke most eloquently of the relief fund that has been Sent to the Holy Father for the aid of the distressed abroad. Pope Grateful "This work is purely charitable," said Archbishop Ft)masoni-Biondi, "and the charity of the Vatican, made possible largely through Americafi generosity, is founded on purely hu- manitarian principles, which of course are prompted by the highest spiritual ideals. The 'Osservatore Romano' has repeatedly published expressions, of the gratification of His Holiness that he 'is eabled to do this work and this patron saints. Special exercises were held in the Church of Santa Susanna on Thanksgiving Day, the American national holiday so beautifully dedi- cated to national exercises of Thanks- giving to God for His blessings." 32 Vatican Representatives The increase of Vatican represen- tation of so many foreign nations, thirty-two of which have now their accedited representatives at the Holy See, was spoken of by the new Apos- tolic Delegate as another matter of great satisfaction to the Holy Fa- ther. "Friday and Saturday of each week are set aside by the Cardinal Secre- tary of State, aid the Delegate. "In l addition, it is the custom for each to make a personal visit to the Holy Father, to convey felicitations, be- tween Christmas Day and the Feast of Epiphany. The number of papal representatives, including nuncios and internuncios appointed to countries which have Vatican representation and delegates to those that are not represented, has also increased in past years, thereby serving to unite the nations in the common bond of Christianity. Vatican Council "Should the Pope, as was indicated is possible in his recent encyclical, de- cide to carry into effect the suggest- ed proposal to continue the Vatican Council held in the last century, there should be a further strengthening Of the bond between the nations, now so sorely distressed and divided. The gathering of so many prelates in Rome would be an exceptional oppo tunity for men of all race to come together and increase that sympa- thetic attitude towards one another that is always enhane'ed by personal CHAPLAIN-GENERAL OF GERMAN ARMY IS RETIRED PENSION By Rev. Dr. Wilhelm Baron yon Capitaine .'By N. C. W. C. News Service) Cologne, March 1.Bishop J0eppen, former chaplain-general of the Catho- lie chaplains with the German army, has been retired on pension and is now living at Huls near Crefeld, his native city. He was formerly station- ed at Berlin. All of the army chap- lains except four also have been pen- sioned and retired. The duty of look- ing after the spiritual wants of the 200,000 men in the Reichwehr which Germany is permitted to retain for internal police duty under the treaty of Versailles, is now left to the par- ish priests in the cities and town in which the troops are stationed. In Bavaria, however, a new garri- son church has been erected near Mu- nich for the purpose of serving the Reircswehr stationed there. It was consecrated recently by Cardinal yon Faulhaber, who took occasion at that time to point out that the duty of the members of the Reichswehr is the di- vine obligation of preserving the tranquility of the nation and main- taining public order. SERVICE FLAC00 UNFURLED FOR HOME REUGIOUS o- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Keokuk, Iowa, March 12.A reli- gious service flag to commemorate the men and women from St. Peter's l parish or alumni of the parish schools who have entered the religious life, is soon to be unfurled and blessed in St. Peter's church here. The body of the Tlag will be white, upon which will appear thirteen gold- en crosses for the thirteen men from the parish who have entered the priesthood, and seventy-three golden hearts for the seventy-three women who have become sisters. contact. The utility of this proposed council is widely recognized in Eu- rope." Arrival in ashington Archbishop Fumasoni-Biondi was met in Washington by a distinguished delegatio of prelates and priests, in- eluding His Grace Archbishop Curley, of Baltimore, The Right Roy. Thomas J. Shahan, rector of the Catholic University; the Right Roy. William Turner, of "' Buffalo, and the Right Roy. Thomas'F. Hie.key, 'of Roclaester. On Wednesday he journeyed to Phila- delphia, where he was received by His Eminence, Cardinal iDougherty. Number 39 IRISH PARLIAMENT (ly N. C. W, C. News Sm'vice) 1,on(ton. March l.'l'he fact that no punic prayer is offered up at the be- ginning of the sessions of the two houses of the h'ish lree State is dis- cussed by the Dublin correspondent of the l,ondon Universe, the Catholic weeldy. After commenting on what he re- fers to as "a strange fact" that "in neither House of Parliament has a single pul)lic prayer been said," the Universe correspondent reports the suggestion of Lord Gteneavy that the members should arrange for a min- ute's silence (luring which each might make the particular prayer suitable to his own belief. "In the Dail the omission provoked no comment," says the correspondent. "But this week in the Senate, a Sen- ator in an urgent and solemn speech called attention to the matter and ad- vocated a constant public recognition of the claims of religion. He said it seemed to be improper that the Sen- ate should begin its proceedings daily without any form of public prayer or reverence to Ahnighty God of any kind. "Lord Gleneavy, the chairman, sym- pathized with Lord Wieklow's plea. But he went on to indieats somewhat undue apprehensions of the'difficul- ty and danger' of the matter. The ap- pointment of a chaplain would be an expense and apart from that, would entail great difficulty. His sugges, Lion, in which he said the Speaker of the Dail agreed, was. that at the be. ginning of their business both Dail and Senate should arrange that there should be with all members standing, a minute's silence, during which sack member migh make the particular prayer suitable to his own belief. He believed that otherwise it would be difficult to frame a prayer that would receive universal acceptance. "But in the discussion, several members made plain their sense of the need for public prayer, while no- body endorsed the view as to the difficulty of framing a prayer of uni- versal agreement. A writer in the In-. dependent (Irish Catholic daily) ex- pressed his amazement that such a discussion should take place in Catho- lic Ireland, and asked: 'Is this pre- dominantly Catholic nation to be eternally muzzled from praying in the Nation's parliament lest the feelings of a small minority should be hurt ?'" '"What is wrong with the Lord's Prayer?' continues the writer in In- dependent, 'and if the Senate is too mean to pay a chaplain or too bread- minded to hurt the feelings of the m.in0rity by appointing one, could not the Speaker give out the Lord's Pray- er in Irish ? Eventually the matter was referred to the committee on Standing Orders. TO CLOSE STORES ON GOOD FRIDAY FOR THREE HOURS $500,000 HOSPITAL PLANS ANNOUNCED San Diego, Mar. 12.Plans for the building of a new 500,000 institution for St. Joseph's Hospital were an- nounced here following a conference between the hospital authorities and ,the Right Rev.-'Johh J. Cantwell, Bishop of Lee Angeles. The new edi- I rice, Which will have ace0mmodations[ for'two hundred beds, will be of con-] crete, reinforced by steel. (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Detroit, March 10.The Good Fri- day closing movement is well under way by the Holy Name Society here, with John Sullivan acting as chair- man of the campaign. Everything points to an absolute cessation from business on the "Three Hours" of Good Friday. The Detroit Retail Mer- chants' Association, representing the larger stores of the city, has replied to letters sent ot by the society, agreeing to close places of business from 12 to 3 on that day. The thea- tres and moving picture houses have fallen'into line. The matter of closing will now be taken up in the residen, tial distriqts, with the houssholders/ as welles the merchants, the one ask- ed not to buy, the other, not to sell, during the' hours when Our Lord suf- fered and died on Calvary's Cross. The idea is not confined to Detroit, but throughout the entire diocese, wherever a branch of the H01y Ngm@ Society is establiShedl a uni refrt will be made to close all places of business on God Friday, flm 12 tO 39. m.