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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 13, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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March 13, 1942

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:f " "O not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for ' .....  a/I/ i.-.,rllK  a Vr L V ' " . t ra God that It ma 'be an earnest chain inn of tha causa of rIEht Justice . . . . . _ . __ _ me statement most correc q! ., ." .. . , . , . , . , I V LJu$t$Io /2,r$,ttst I$ /J&t/. ment write the number of the  | extend to It my,bleasinl with the slncare hope that its caraer may aa man wnom Gays or work are suspicion, jealousy, intolerance, long and pmeperous. 1-- JOHN B. MORRIS. contempt, anger, fear, and uncharitableness in any of its This Sacrament may be received validly only by those who after or(__)phasel. GodwhiChdemandsYU haVerespeet._ a:ebl[i Bishop of Little Rack. obedience towards: (1) prl v I C; only; (2) parents only; (3) :N VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. si 711 BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handlod through the Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGA?T Business and Editorial Office, 309 West 2nd, Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture ServieeKnights of Columbus of Arkansss Paragould Council, No. 1713 .............................. $12.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780 .............. 12.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ............................ 22.00 Fort Smith Conncil, No. 996 ................................ 22.00 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 .................................. 12.00 MARCH 13, 1942 .... an-d-TaTaIy "'It by liberty of the press, we underst the liberty ot discussing the propriety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much ot it as you please; but it it means the liberty ot at- tronting, calumniating and defaming one another, I own myselt willing to part with my share ot it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty ot abusing others tor the privilege ot not being abused myself ."Franklin. THE ROYAL ROAD At no time does the Church show herself so much a mother as during this holy season of Lent. The festival of Christmas with its joy and gladness is hardly passed when we receive the solemn warning that we must do penance lest we perish. The Church puts on her robes of mourning. She asks us to do the salne and forget pleasure, deprive ourselves and mortify the bodies that we have pampered. She draws us closer to the Master and would have us surrender $o the attractions of the CROSS. We go not with Christ to the wedding feast of Cana but with Him we travel the stony way to Calvary. The Church al- ways preaches penance. Her voice is heard from the pulpit warning against the snares that lay about our feet. She continu- ally reminds us of the dangers of indulgences in earthly pleas- ures. She knows that we sin and again and again she calls on us to do panance. The door of the Tabernacle may be locked but the door of the confessional is always open. So great is our need for penance that the Church has set aside this part of the year as special penitenial season. For forty days we are put under obligation to give ourselves wholly to the study of Christ the King on the only throne that the world would give HimHis Cross. During Lent there is no time for frivolity, no time for the pursuit of the pleasures of life. We must amalgate our spirit with the spirit of the Church and make the most of the oppor- tunities that are offered. Listen to her call to penance and we can recapture something of the joy of innocent childhood when the world and its tyranny were unknown to us. We may grow young again as we become children of our Heavenly Father. No Catholic is so lukewarm that he can not keep com- pany with Christ for forty days. Surely we can put on Lenten sackcloth and ashes for the sake of Him Who has five bleeding wounds and wears a crown of thorns.Southwest Courier. A CATHOLIC RULE OF LIFE 1. Say your morning and evening prayers; prayer is neces- sary for perseverance and ia certain to obtain it. "Ask and you shall receive. 2. Often call to mind that you are to die--you know not when, nor where, nor how; only this yoia know: if you die in mortal sin, you will be lost forever; if you die in the state of grace, you will be happy forever. 3. Never miss Mass on Sundays and holydays of obliga- tion. By uniting our hearts with all the Faithful in Mass, we offer first an act of infinite adoration to God; and second, we bring down the choicest blessings of Heaven. A dark cloud hangs over the Catholic family that neglects Mass. 4. Be careful about what you read. Bad reading is poison to the soul. Provide yourself with Catholic books. Have a Cath- olic newspaper and a Catholic magazine in your home. 5. Remember that a man is known by his company. Fly from the danger of sin. 6. If you are so unhappy as to fall into sin, be not dis- couraged, but quickly beg pardon of God by an act of Perfect Contrition, and seek the first opportuniW to go to Confeion and start again a new life. 7. Go to Confession and Communion once a week, if possible; at least never allow a month to pass wlthout approach- ing the Sacraments. By Confession our souls are cleansed from sin and strengthened to resist temptation. By Communion our souls are nourished by the Sacred Body and Blood of Jesus Christ. "He that eatheth Me, the same also shall live by Me," says our Divine Lord. HARVARD EXPERIMENTS Colleges and universities have set up laboratories to test about every known substance or condition under the sun. In the main the results obtained supply striking evidence that the Christian way of life is the ideal norm under which to carry out the world's work. Undoubtedly secular institutions were not looking for such conclusions but there they are. Physicians have learned, for instance, that a virtuous life is about the best possible health insurance. Sociologists add many forms. In other words, if we lead a Christian life we can avoid fatigue. Harvard started out to make a laboratory test and ended up by preaching a sermon on the value of Christian ideals. Will wonders never cease?Catholie Universe Bulletin. Catholic Evidence o Narberth, Pa. CELIBACY Is it possible? Is it practical? Is it ldstorieal? Webster's dictionary defines cel- ibacy as "the state of being un- married: single life, especially that of a bachelor; or one bound by vows to an unmarried life." Is Celibacy Without Immorality Possible? A gentle old lad'y whom we know of, makes no bones about hm' answer when the Catholic priesthood is involved. "Impos- sible!" she fumes, making a Dr. Jekyll-and-Mr.-Hyde change from her former gentility. "Celibacy's against nature. It's a gross hypo- crisy that fools the fools, degrades virgins and--and" and on she went about tunnels and convents and orphan asylums, until her daughter, beautiful, twenty-eight and unmarried, had to rush for %he smelling salts and' the aromatics. In the United States there are more than twenty million adults who are unmarried. Some of them are relatives and friends of mine and yours. Twenty million bachelors and maidens! Who is to accuse them 11, or even a majority o them o grievous immorality. No one but beast-like man, who tries to covet" his own evil passions in accusa- tions against others. You know and I know many perfectly moral unmarried men and women who have chosen the single life for purely worldly rea- sons, because they were called neither to the married nor relig- ious state. Knowing this, how can anyone cast the shadow of sus- picion on the Catholic priest, who vows both celibacy and chastity who receives d'aily the many graces which God bestows on his priests--whose duties for God and God's children leave little time for any worldly thoughts? Cam- Words of Encouragement m Ingratitude, There is scarcely aught so bit- ter to our human heart as cold- ness and ingratitude. When we have toiled and spent ourselves for other men, it is painful to see our efforts met with cold indif- ference. If this be so with us, is it other- wise with our Eucharistic Lord in His Sacrament of love? The far- thest reaches of the human mind can never measure the infinite lengths to which He has gone for love of men, and yet what return does He receive? What urged Jesus to institute the Adorable Sacrament? His mighty love. What motive impels Him to hide His infinite splendors beneath the lowly species of a tiny wafer of bread? Naught but love. Why is He eager to feed our souls with His Flesh and Blood? Be- cause He loves. What unseen pow- er holds Him a Prisoner by day and night in the solitude of the tabernacle? The power of love, boundless, infinite love. And how do men requite the wondrous love of Jesus? By base ingratitude. By cold indifference. In the early dawn Jesus waits on the altar longing to break the bread of life to hungering souls, and yet how few think it worth their while to respond to His in- vitation. All through the weary day Jesus keeps His silent vigil under the chancel light eager to be the com- fort of troubled and toil-worn souls, and how few think it worth their while to turn aside from their worldly interests to pause for a moment at His Sacred feet. From out the silent tabernacle a veritable torrent of precious graces floods the souls of men, and how sadly few ever pause to tell Jesus their gratitude. And what of myself? Spiritual reading is the vesti- bule of prayer. When the tempta- tion comes how often do the lives of the saints step in and keep him quietly wth God and' holy thoughts.F. W. Faber. Our Lord alone is the true friend of our hearts. They are made for Him alone, and so can find neither repose, joy, nor con- solation but in Him. ', Leave your soul in Mary's hands, and as the careful garden- er trains the vine to eHng to some noble edifice, so will your lov'ing Mother Mary tenderly unite your soul to Jesus. men horse-sense gives the answer. Is a Celibate Clergy Practical? How often have you read in the secular press of the Catholic priest at home and in foreign lands, sticking to his post through fire and flood, through famine and plague--rushing into the worst dangers and staying there till his work has been done or his life taken. Courage? Yes, but more than that--an undivided allegi- ance to his duty and to his God. Is a celibate priesthood practical? Who can deny it when the real test comes? Is Clerical Celibacy Historical? Did Christ command it? No, but He Himself practiced it and ad- vised it when He told the rich young man that to be perfect he must leave all things' and follow Him. St. Peter, 'tis true was a married man, but at the time that Christ called him either his wife was dead, or he had left her to follow his Master. All the other Apostles, so far as the Bible shows, were unmarried. St. Paul, the great celibate, advised in no tmcertain terms the state of celi- bacy for those who were called. The early Fathers gave the same advice and from the earliest days celibacy was willingly practiced by most of the clergy. It was not, however, until the time of Leo, the Great (440-461), that the law of priestly celibacy was obliga- tory throughout t he Western Church. Please bear in mind that celi- bacy of the priesthood is not a dogma of the Church. It is simply an obligatory law imposed with the view of the duties and dignity of the priesthood'. Naturally t h e Catholic Church does not presume to enact disciplinary laws for any clergy other than its own. Detailed information on priestly celibacy or on any other Catholic subject will be gladly furnished on request. Today's Parable Father Stedman, Confraternity of the Precious Blood, Brooklyn, N. Y. Palm Receiver Or Holy Communion Receivers? When I was a boy at Palm Sun- day Mass, I remember the priest saying "Those of you who have not been here since Christmas I want to point out to you that re- ceiving a piece of palm today is not fulfilling your Easter duty." There are those who go to Church today to get their piece of palm and wear it in their hats or their lapels in gay holiday spirit, but with no regard for the HOLY day. The first palm-wavers were in that triumphant line of march which greeted Jesus, because of a mistaken inadequate view, hailing Christ as an earthly Messiah, who would set up a new Jewish king- dom, freeing them from Rome. They were not waving palms to the "Jesus Whose Kingdom is not of this world." Consider what the reaction of those first palm-wavers must have been on Good Friday. How dis- appointed they were, their "con- quering hero" dead on a cross, their hopes for "a new deal" on this earth smashed, no more mir- acles, death to their hope of turn- ing the Romans out. God grant that for those in our midst who greet Christ with palm today, Good Friday will not be for anyone, only a day of Death without Hope. The palm branches would wither in our hand's today and our hearts wither in our breasts if this coming eek were a week of Death without a promise of Life. CATEOHISMDRAMATIZED FOR CHILDREN "Catechism Dramatized is the work in fifty one-act plays for children, recently produced by Fa- ther Richard Felix, O. S. B., di- rector of Defenders of the Faith programs. The whole series, covering the catechism in fifty playlets can be bought in attractively bound book- lets at $5.00 a set. The booklets are verbatim copies of the trans- cribed radio Children's HOur pro- gram. Twenty-five recordings are already completed. Those acquainted with the work of Father Felix need no recom- mendation for the booklets for children, and anyone interested in furthering the work of the Church can do much good by be- coming interested in "Defenders of the Faith," series. Write Father Richard Felix, O. S. B., Concep- tion, Missouri. attaining the use of reason find themselves in danger of death from sick- ness or old age. Since the physical infirmities which might produce deattl are not present during the battle a soldier would not be capable of receiving this Sacrament valid- ly. The necessary condition would be fulfilled only after the soldier was in danger of death from his wound. What is the difference between consecrated and a blessed church? Are there many consec- rated churches in this country? A consecrated church is one which has been anointed with holy ciarism by the Bishop who in pre- scribed form of prayers and cere- monies, dedicates the building to the service of God. A blessed church is one which has been sprinkled with holy water by the Bishop. Tiros it is dedicated to the service of religion, but not necessarily forever. Consequently, a church which has been blessed only may, for sufficient reason, be converted to secular uses. Not, however, a church which has been consecrated. Comparatively, few churches in this country are con- secrated. Ilow many litanies are approv- ed for public services in the Clurch? There are only five litanies au- thorized for public service in the Church. These are the Litany of the Saints, of the Blessed Virgin, of the Holy Name of Jesus, of the Sacred Heart and of St. Jo- seph. There are many litanies which may be used in private de- votions, however. How old was the Blessed Moth- er when she died? According to the best testimony tm died in the year of Our Lord 48. Judging from the age at which Hebrew maidens generally mar- tied wc may conclude that the Virgin Mary was about 14 when she gave birth to her Divine Son. This would indicate that she was 64 when she died. If the church is interested in culture nd literature, why does she condemn so many recognized contributions to literature? The Catholic Church exists to sanctify men and thus lead them to God. She must give them all that is necessary for their salva- tion, and safeguard them from all that could hinder it. Literature, like all things else, exists for man's betterment. When it ceases to ful- fill this purpose it has lost its primary purpose of being. For the Church to allow her children the use of dangerous books would' be negligence, not love. Such books have been ondemned not because oft heir literary quality, but be- cause they lacked morality or of- fended against doctrine. When we speak of person dying in the state of grace do we mean that he has gone directly to heaven? N=o, not necessarily. By the state of grace we simply mean freedom from mortal sin. There are many who die in the state of grace and yet have some venial sin for which they must atone, or even some temporal punishment due to mor- tal sin for which they have not satisfied. In these instances they do not go directly to heaven, but must pass through purifying pro- cess of Purgatory. TRANGE Can you tell me something of the history of Lent? The duration of this penitential season has not always been the same in the different ages of the Church. We cannot assert posi- tively that Lent can be traced back to the Apostles, but we know that some sort of fasting time has been observed before Easter from very early days. From about the fourth century it became a fast of forty days in many parts of the world, although the Greeks began it earlier than we do, discounting Saturdays (except Holy Saturday) For some time the Roman Church observed the fast for only thirty- six days, beginning after the First Sunday of Lent. In 856 at the Council held at Meaux, France, the four days before that Sunday were added. Since about the llth century the forty day Lenten sea- son has been almost generally ob- served. In the early Middle Ages the Lenten fast was very severe. In those times on all fasting-days only one meal was allowed, and this was to be taken in the evening. Gradually the extreme rigor of these regulations was relaxed. From this has evolved the Lenten fast as it is observed today. May a Catholic judge grant a divorce? The state grants the divorce. The Catholic judge who is called upon to administer the law in the name of the State is not respon- sible for the law. He commits no sin in declaring that the parties have proved their claim to the decree of divorce as granted by the State. All he intends is the abolition of the civil effects aris- ing from civil legislation concern- ing marriage. Every Catholic un- derstands, and every non-Catholic ought to nnderstand, that the validity or invalidity of the mar- riage is not affected by a decree of a civil judge..__ $ Is it true that St. Augustine was of Negro ancestry? According to the belief of the majority St. Augustine was a member of the White race, but several Negro clubs and churches have been named St. Monica's be- cause of the Colored people's be- lief that Augustine's mother was of the Black race. Just as many Negroes believe that St. Simon of Cyrene, who bore Christ's cross part of the way to Golgotha, was Colored. St. Augustine was born in Tagaste, Numidia, the name given by the Romans to the north- ern coast of Africa corresponding to some extent with the modern Algiers. The inhabitants of this section belonged to the race from which the modern Berbers are descended. The Berbers belong to the White race. These people are of great physical variety. Their complexion varies from white al- most chocolate brown. Many art- ists have depicted St. Augustine with a dark complexion, and from this many have concluded that he was a Negro. In the administration of private Baptis=n must one use Baptisma wter-t No' It would be fitting to use holy water if there be any at hand, but this is not necessary. S Little-Known Facts for Catholics E ey M. l. Mu00Y, those legitimately g thority, d lni-" (.__) 2. In reltion to their dren, parents hold the plaeel F (1) the state; (2) guardianS;! b God. - , (__) 3. To risk one's life in  ity to another is: (1) eontr ?, the Fifth Commandment; ( praiseworthy act; (3) requira e the Fifth Commandment. h (__) 4. An innocent person ed not retain a stolen article:,: 1 because he has no right t0e (2) because it makes him aR t to have cooperated in the t:a (3) because the rightful 0Vlll, will repay him for whatever,qlx0 , u ST. JOHN S [,I- CORRESPONDENCE CO Ul S st. Sem00,ar00. Little Rock, ArkallS ier Last week's answers: 1. They may give the prot'. of Heaven (3).' .,F'! " 2. Perform all our aeti0|t God's honor (3)..-:oi. 3. On Sunday Jesus rose ,i" the dead and on Sunday the t Ghost descended on the API -, (4). , .B;, 4. Uses or implies God s ' and wishes evil to persO$ " things (1). First 5. A sin against the mandment (4). Church Ceremonies. 0f:i : 1 The religious ceremonies Catholic Church were auth by Holy Scripture, and theY]l peal to the reason and the tom of mankind. They art good ;it, ll elaborate exercise in nets. We raise our hat to a we kiss the flag, we kneel eliV knees when we pray. HenCe] litt!e . ceremonious etiquett,t oaiy ife is found in the CVrJ Clmrch, but polished and de ed into a wondrously be  hystem Holy Water. The Holy Water fonts fat the vestibule entrance to Catholic Church are of scrt origin. See Numbers 5, 17. entering the Church, Ca  make the sign of the CroS.' this blessed water,, to syr the purity of mind and hear should have in entering house. Candles. The self-consuming burned in the Catholic i are authorized by Holy Sc: P! (Exodus 25, 31). They rer ( of Christ, the light of the 1 Who sacrificed Himself See your Bible. John 8,. i * J am the light of the world; 1 followeth Me shall have th of life." (To be continue I week). . Quoting Our Readers ........ "In the current issue ofl !] Guard'ian I have read the "Why Subscribe to The I. Aa Jan?", written by Mary C al[0' Rossi, of St. Joseph's in y-:fot$ Through the medium of per I wish to express ray | gratulations to her. Her conception of what I Catholic Press is aua dOe the value of The Guardial: il so aptly expressed, proves s,t ' keen insight of the knowleO,| spiritual value obtained . / thorough reading of her DlO'[ paper. In a less recent issue essay was written by a stUa  St. Joseph's, Conway, "Wiatr Guardian Means to Our t,v'| by Marie Schichtl. JI Very interesting. I congrm| her on the pleasing mara.| which she told her story appreciati6n of the d'ioces a in her home. ! At the same time she fine tribute to her father she wrote of his interest  children to have them leal.d[ real value of what The G'I means to them. If parentS.a',,'il itual guidance were the rtu not the except/ion in this Y.J of our's, the records of the O1, might contain many nara now there. . Once in conversation o. influences, a mother sai l.:|d mothers who send our chilaW Catholic schools don't worry ] teaching and training, We 1 that to the Sisters." -"ai The average age of a c._ fore coming under a Sister"'" | | ing is six years.  Stewardship includes ran i I ponsibilities.'. Everett, ',It Little Rock. i|f Crosses and ,trials rosy ] and almost crush us to the  but there is Jesus elo .:( 'whispering words of hO;i I conftd'enee. ' /;i!l I