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March 13, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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March 13, 1920

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PAGE EIGHT MILITAI00ISM NOW NAVAL1SM (Special to the Guardian.) That control o the seas was Eng- land's only hope to escape the finan- cial and economic rocks now looming up and endangering, her safe arrival at the port o world domination, was the involving theme in an address of Justice Daniel F. Cohalan of the New York Supreme Court, delivered in Boston last Sunday night. The ad- dress was delivered tt Notre Dame Academy and was arranged by the Notre Dame Alumnae of Lowell. Jus- tice Cohalaa was accompanied by Cardinal O'Connell, Thomas Mahoney, president of the Catholic Union, May- or Quinn of Cambridge, Ex-Mayor CuEey of Boston, and Hen. Edw. F: McSweeney. Must Have Freedom of Seas Justice Cohalan, insisting that con- trol of Ireland was necessary to Eng- land, if she were to control the 1hurl- time world--a control over fondly fos- tered by her statesmen, presented England's position before the world at the present time with the following succinct point of view. He said: Crux of the Situation. "From the time of tile Declaration of Indepdence there has been a con- tinuous conflicL between our govern- ment and the one from which it re- belled. "Today at the close of the great war, won by America to bring liberty to the world, we are confronted with a situation which, if allowed to go on, will give England power over the seven seas, and virtually over the en- tire world. England's own statesmen admit that many of the deeds of Eng- land committcd in the name of 'civili- zation and justice' were for her own aggrandizement. In Africa she stole possession of the most valuable gold and diamond mines. "The crux of the .situation is this: By the war we only removed the lesse of two dangers; when we broke down militarism we exalted navalism, and by this power England today is try- ing to break down the .only competitor she has today, the Urdte4 States. But England hasn't succeeded in breaking down human nature. English people today, according to the report of the Booth Commission, are facing starva- tion. England is almost bankrupt, there is a cry for absolute change in her government. Eugland's Banks on-the Rocks. "England's banks are on the finan cial and economic rocks, and she Is trying to redeem herself by hook or by crook. She would like America to come to her financial aid. "Conhl of the sea is England's only hope, and to this end she is hold- ing on to Ireland as an absolute con- dition for her existence; for only so long as England controls the sea can the British Empire last. England Doomed Under Heavy Burdens. "It was not till England controlled the seas that her empire began to grow, and when the freedom of the seas is lost the British Empire of its own weight, is going to tumble over and break into its component parts. England's hold vn Ireland is not be- cause of her dislike for ,that pe6ple, but because she holds control of the sea by keeping that island possession under her sway. With tha crying ap- peal from Egypt, Australia, India, Canada and New Zealand, and from far away Africa, which forms the greatest part of the British Empire, the superman group of England statesmen will find that the time must come when the task of manag- ing these clamoring peoples will be too heavy, their burden too great, and like all empires that have had their day, England's sway must pass away. Seeks to Destroy Rivals. "We*in America must find markets abroad for our enormous resources. England has become the workshop of the world, it is the beehive of indus- try. England must g heavily in debt to meet world competition, which 'she seeks to destroy so far as tke United States is concerned. She can not do it, however, because in the last analy- sis our necessities are so great we can't afford to be shot out, and no nation or group of nations can be per- mitred to shut us out. There is to b the inevitable conflict on these grounds." U. S. Only Solvent Nation. i Referring to remarks on America by Winston Churchill ltst week, Judge Cohalan said: "England can not for- get that we are the only solvent coun- try n earth. The. English pound is shrinking before their very eyes and is now down to $3.36 or $3.37. They feet the change in their pride, their ocket and in their daffy lives. It is not human nature to have Engllshmen see cheerfully how we ive in comfort when they can't indulge in what wc have. Our $25,000,000,000 debt is as othing cmpared with the debt of their  countrj: and she is sinking deep- +er and deeper in the depths of indebt, ednes. The only hope for her is in savinl her control of the seas. Eng- THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1920 hind, in her position today, can mak i'  ' us pay any price she asks to send over lRlk CATHOLIC our goods. Her friends here woula W000IEN'S COUNCIL AFFILIATED WITH NAT. CATHO- HC WELFARE .COUNCIL HOLDS ITS CONVENTION IN WASH. INGTON. sc4k to do away with our merchant marine. England's Only Solvent Competitor "Although "her empire reaches the whole world over, her only solvent competitor is the United States. "Just so long as England controls Irehmd and the Irish harbors, just so long will she hold sway over the en- ire maritime world. The control el; ......... . , ireland and the control of the sealBlsh01) Schrembs Presldel can only be broken off when Ireland - ] is pried away, and from that moment . " 126 Delegates Representing Almost England's hold on the world is broken Every Province in the "United States and the :seas set free ix) humanity to Called Together by Ecclesiastical sail upon at will." I Authority. "AMERICAN DAY" PARADES ON MAY DAY TO IOUT "REDS" (N. C. W. C. Press Department.) Washington, D. C., March 9.--With Mayor Briekhousc of Little Rock En- dorses Movement of National Se- curity League. the solemn and inspiring strains of "Holy God, We Praise Thy Name," reverberating through every soul, to- gether with the parting w)rds el Bishop Schrembs to bear in mind the great and lofty nature of their tasks, the most momentous assembly of Catholic Laywomen ever called to- BOHEMIAN "REF(}RMISTS" TEXT OF DEGREE OF ttOLY SEE IN CONDEMNATION OF THE MOVEMENT A M O N G TItlE XECHD SLOVAK CLERGY. (Catholic Press Association.) Rome, March 8.--Here is the text, just come to hand, of the HolyOffice condemnation of the "Reformist" movement among the Czecho-Slovak clergy: "The Holy See has learned that some priests of the clergy of Bohemia, at whose instigation impossible re- quests had been presented to the Holy See, have recently met together un- lawfully, have proclaimed their sepa- ration from the Church of Rome, Mother and Head of All Other Churches and Center of Unity, and have constituted themselves in what they call a National Church. "This Supreme Congregation vf the Holy Office, on which is laid the charge of safeguarding faith and me- New York, Feb. 13.--As a climax to the fight against anarchist.% Bolshe- vists and all othm" "Reds" which it has been waging since the war ended, gether by ecclesiastical authority, closed its three days' conference here today by electing its officers and the directors of the National Catholic Wmnen's Council. The Conference was hehl under the auspices of Right Rev. Joseph Schrembs, D. D., Bishop of Toledo, Ohio, and chairman of the Depart- ment of Lay Organizations of the ,National Catholic Welfare Council, with which the National Catholic Women's Council will be directl af- filiated. The chairman of the con- ference was Rev. John J. Burke. C. S. P., the executive secretary of the National Catholic Welfare Council. The secretary of the conference was Rev. John M. Cooper, Ph.D., execu- tive secretary vf the Committee on Women's Activities for the National Catholic War Council. There were present one hundred and twenty-six voting delegates, repre- the National Security League an- nounces today the organization by it of a nation-wide popular demonstra- tion of Americanism on May 1st, the time-honored occasion for radical cdl- ebrations. Thousands of parades of citizens, similar to the, "Pv.paredness Parades" in 1916, will be held throughout the country on that, day, truning it into "American Day." The Security League will develop the plan through the co-operation of state and city officials which has al- ready been pledged in many quarters ---and the participance of local organ- izations and bodies of citizens of all kinds in cities large and small. The idea is briefly phrased thus in the preliminary invitation sent to Gover- nors and Mayors a few days ago. Mayor B, rickhouse, of Little Rock, wris the League as follows: "Your telegram suggesting that all American cities celebrate American Day on the first day of May with a parade and other festivities which will tend to create in the hearts and minds of our citizens the proper spri- ] large number of interested visitors it of patriotism, received. I am were present during all sessions of heartily in favor of such celebrati.on, and believe that what the people of the United States need most today, in order to stabilize living and in- dustrial conditions, is the proper spirit of patriotism. "In my judgment, the greatest cause for unrest in America at this time is the high cost of living which is the natural and probable conse- quent of the cost of America's part in the world war. If all citizens in the United States were embibed with the proper spirit of patriotism, they would be willing to share, and share alike the burden necessarily imposed upon each citizen. The masses of the people are carrying the greater por- tion of the burden while a large num- ber of men are reaping a harvest by makin larger profits out of their business than ever before, by taking an unfair advantage of the consuming public; these are the people who should be taught a lesson in patriot- ism, for in my judgment,, they and they alone are responsible for the un- rest and unstable conditions that ex- ist in America today. Our slogan for patriotism should be 'Let each American bear his share of thesburden caused' by the war and that men who are classed as good citizens be those who are willing to live through the period of reconstruc- tion and be satisfied with a reason- able profit, in order that America might right herself from its stag- gering finanei,al condition brought home to the great masses of the peo- ple flue to. the high cost of living." rals, expresses its horror and detesta- tion of so grave an offense, and sees it as its duty to reprove at once with- out any delay, be condemn and to ex- communicate the above-mentioned church, as in fact by tl)e present De- cree, in the name and with the au- thority of Pope Benedict XV, it does reprove, condemn and excommunicate it. "And i declares at the same time that the above-mentioned priests, to whatever grade, condition or dignity they belong, have in fact, according to what is laid down in Canon 2314, incurred excommunication reserved in special manner to th Apostolic See; and that, if--which God forbid!--they show themselves disobedient, they must necessarily and very soon incur also the other pains and penalties laid down by the Sacred Canons. "The Bishops o Bohemia, in virtue of their office, shall immediately bring the present Decree to the knowledge senting thirteen out of the fourteen of the faithful given into their charge, provinces of the United States, and and shall use every means to dissuade some twenty visiting delegates. A them from joining this.schismatic ,sect in order that the faithful may not the conference. In his pening speech, Bishop Schrembs struck the keynote of the conference when he declared that the Catholic women of the United States had learned to do big thing in a big way by their many services on behalf of the government and the church during and since the war, and that now they had an opportunity to apply their knowledge and their enthusiasm in a manner which would make their work cvntinually more important for God and country. Even as the National Catholic War Council had been organized to repre- sent the twenty million Catholics of the country in the work carried on for our fighting men and their dependents in the camps and overseas, and a that work had been made permanent in the National Catholic Welfare Council, formed of all the Archbishops and Bishops of the .United States, even so, said Bishop Schrembs, was it the duty of the Catholic women to form their central national council through which the many thousands of Catholic Women's Societies might be co-ordinated. No existing society was to be interfered with. On the contrary, all these societies were to be I encouraged and strengthened, but in] order that their united effms might I be employed on a national scale, it I was essential to form a central coun- cil. The following were elected: Balti- more, Mrs. Harry Benzinger of Balti- more; Boston, Mrs. Francis E. Slat- tery of Boston; Chicago, Mrs. Edw. I, Cudahy of Chicago; Cincinnati, Mrs: F. E. Mackentepe of Cincinnati; Du- buque, Mrs. Louis Nash of Omaha; Milwimkee, Mrs. Jas. H. Hackett of Milwaukee; New. Orleans. Miss Flor- ence Loeber of New Orleans; New York, Mrs. Michael Gavin of New York; Oregon, Mrs. Arthur Gerbel of Seattle; Philadelphia,' Mrs. Theresa Molamphy of Pittsburgh; St. Louis, Mrs W T. Donovan of St. Louis; St. Paul, Mrs. W. J. O'Toole of St. Paul; San Francisco, Miss Agnes Regan of San Franclsc; Sante Fe, Mrs. Ellen Weckbaugh of Denver. DEATHS AND BIRTHS IN 1919 U. S. PRESS CONVENTION ,STIRS I ' NqEREST IN ROME The Catholic papers containing ac- counts of the deliberations of the con- ference between te Right Rev. Wi* liam T. Russell, D. D., chairman of t:he Department of Catholic Pres and Literature, representing the Catholic Press Association of the United States and Canada tt the convention of the latter organization ,for. the future de- velopment of press work in all its branches, were read here with ex- ceeding great interest. No surprise was felt, however, be- cause it was evident, ever since Men- signor Cerretti's visit to the United States, that the Bishops and the Cath- olics of America would take this as they do other branches of'activity, with the utmost seriousness, on all sides are heard the most sincere ap- preciation expressed for the big way in which the work is being undertaken as shown by the really high tone of the speeches of all who ha:e not set themselves to this task; and develop- ments are awaited with the utmost in- terest here. The United States' mortality was last year 18 ifi every thousand, the highest in years. The death rate in Louisville, according to the report of the City Board of Health, in 1918 was 15, but in 1919 it was 18.41, higher than it has been for the last 20 years. Tuberculosis is showing a gradual de- cline in the, number of its victims last year among the 5,096 deaths, 375 died of consumption. The birth rate for 1919 was the lowest of the last 8 years, Viz., 8,706, though the birth rcords of our city are never complete. A CRUCIFIX IN EVERY CATHOLIC HOME--Get yours at "'i !.-': THE BOOKERY, 309 W. 2nd Street also themselves incur the same con- demnation." The Decree bears date January 15, 1920. Canon 2314, to which it refers, lays down -explicitly that heretics and schismatics are subject to excommuni- cation reserved in special manner to the Holy See. It will be seen that this is a very different thing, indeed, from an ex- pression of a desire to get married; it is the establishment of an apostacy. This Decree puts an end to an "agi- tation of t reformist movement among the Bohemian clergy;" they are in the Church no longer--till with God's Grace they return. As was said in a previous letter, it is not the number of the priests, which is exiguotis, but the gravity of the of- fense that matters. And the offense is more grave than 'was generally known. WHERE WOMEN COULD HELP Under this title the "Arkansas Ga- zmtte" of March 5, ran the following editorial advice to our womanldnd. The editor surely had his eye out and on for some' of the sights presented daily and nightly by some of our Ark- ansas women, at home and abroad. He wrote: "Cardinal Mercier, the Belgian churchman, who won a high place in history by his conduct during the great war, h'as issued his Lenten pas- toral letter in which he puts upon the women responsibility for much of the extravagance of today and for the audacious dress or undress, the lux- ury and the suggestivedances. "With no idea )f shifting the blame or of minimizing the responsibility of I . men. for many of the ewls of today, we must say that in our opinion, Car- dinal Mercier is right. The evils for which men are responsible are many, but there can be little doubt that women must accept the measure cf responsibility that the Belgian church- man lays at their door. If women should refuse to adopl the extreme styles in dress, there would soon be a change for the better. If women refused to read such books as "Three Weeks" such boks would not become best sellers. If women refused to go to see sex plays or nasty plays of any kind, the failure of such plays to make money for their pro- ducers would take them off the stage." OLDEST SISTER OF MERCY DIES AT CRESSON. PENN. Johnstown. Penn., March 5.--Moth- er M. Justina Day, believed to be the oldest Sister of Mercy in the United States, died at the Convent of Mercy, Cresson, Penn., .Saturday, in the 71st year of her religious profession. Moth- Justina was born in Dublin in 1826 and entered the order in Pittsburg in I 1487, 'r many years, in Pittsburg, I and later in Loretto, Mother Justina] instructed school children how to care for the 'sick. Enjoy thy riches with that gener- t)us independence of them which the philosophers of the Church and the Gospel call "poverty of pirit."--lel - lice. 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