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March 13, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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March 13, 1920

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t THE GUARDIAN. SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1920 PAGE FIVIII F i .... Persons of Note &apos; I Dennis A. McCarthy tended that the great majm ity of pc- Is the sort o:f Cutholic the average pastor would like to see in hi par- ish in these days of inter-Church work. On receiving an invitation to participate in tlm establishment of a Community Church in Boston, he sent this characteristic letter in reply: "I have your communication of the 5th, in which you call my attention to the proposcd Community Church, de- scribe what it intends to be, and ask my aid toward making it a success. "With your first two sentences I Ln in thorough agreement. We are indeed living in troublous days, and, for many people ohl faiths anti be- liefs have quite broken down and countless men and women al drift- ing rudderless. But when you say that there is 'deep need of a religion which will be close to life and every- day living--a religion which will ex- press itself in active smwice,' may I be pardoned for replying that I for one feel no such need, as the religion I ah'eady profess is exactly what you describe ? t __t Catholic Church Active "The Catholic Church is and al- ways has been a Church of active ser- vice. It has never tssed faith to I the exclusion of good works. It has]l always been a Church of the poor and lowly as well as of the rich and high- placed. Here in America it has borne the reproaches of those who called it the Church of the servant girls, the Church of the poor and ignorant. All classes and colors find themselves at home in the Catholic Church. At its communion rail the poorest negro may kneel side by side with the wealthiest and most highly-cultured white man o woman. I have been a student all my life of religious and secular institutions. Nowhere else than in the Catholic Church do I find 'what you are. seeking" to establish, a church which shall be 'the spiritual expression of the world movement for democracy.' Catholics Have Things Sought "I know there are millions of peo- ple outside the Catholic Church who do not know this. who indeed, in their ignorance, would scoff if it were told them. For them doubtless your Com- .munity Church may do a :reat deal in teaching them the foolishness of sectarianism and class and creed hat- reds. But perhaps it would be bet- ter to call it frankly a forum, and not a ehurc.h. A church; to my mind, is a place where people go to worship' God, not to debate about Him. And now it occurs to me that this or any other church founded by men will, after all, only be one more added to the lfst of sects which make our 'di- vided Christianity' a by-word and a reproach. Christian Unity to Come "I therefore cannot contribute to- ward this new venture, of yours, al- though I shall gladly be counted in With any movement on a purely civic las|s whlch endeavors to bring men together to kow "the good there is in one another. I believe there is a time coming when Christians again will be one, but I do not believe that his is going to be brought about by he multiplication of churches, com- munity or otherwise. "Sincerely your, "Dennis A. McCmhy." Rev. V-illiam A. Scullew, D. D., Chancellor of the diocese of Cleve- land, has been honored by France for "his splendid services during the war. Rev, John A. Ryan, D. D. Professor in the Catholic University delivered in Buffalo an address in which he pointed out the fallacie of Modern Feminism. He condemned the revolt against all artificial barriers which laws and .customs have imposed against wom- an's unrestricted freedom, and de- clared that the complete economic in- dependence of woman demanded by "the extreme feminists would result in incalculable harm to the whole of society. Various Evils Father Ryan discussed the political cupations in factories and mercantile establishments are injurious to worn- Inn persevered in for any number if of years. "According to tim United States census." ]ather Ryan con- tinued. "8,000,000 women and 30200.- 000 men were employed in gainful oc- cupations in 1910. Of the 8,000,000 women, 4.000,000 were, however, en- gaged in agriculture amt domestic service. A great nmnber of others were engaged as nurses and teach- ers telephone operators and sales- women, so that probably not more than 1,000.000 remained -in active competition with man in the economic field." Women are unfitted for muc]l of the work in which they m en- gaged at present, and it has therefore become necessary to enact special laws for their protection Unfortu- nately many of the measures proposed for the benefit of women are fre- quently opposed by women them- selves, Father Ryan said. The op- ponents are usually the extreme fem- inists who contend that woman must be regarded as equal to man in all things and therefore requires no spe- cial protection, or others wlm are actuated by sordid economic motives. Class Legislation "The objection is made/' lie con- tinued, "that legislation on behalf of women in industry is class legislation. It is. And class legislation is the only kind of sane legislation. So long as there are classes which differ in their strength, sane legislation shouht take account of this fact in .providing for the various classes of people, ac- cording to their needs. The weak need more protection than do the strong." Father Ryan does not believe that woman suffrage will result in a mark- ed betterment of our political condi- tions. "In some of the Western States," he said, "the women have had the vote for several decades and, so far as I can learn, the votes divide there on the same lines as men. For the most pm the women vote as do their husband.% fathers or brothers." New Sex Ethics Father Ryan strongly condenmed the new sex ethics advanced by wild and fantastic feminists. "The move- ment is particularly pernicious." he said, "since it aims at the emancipa- tion of woman from all moral laws. It is a fallacy to state that tlm sup- porters of this movement desire only the individual development of woman. True individual development implies self-sacrifice. What they are aiming at it not equality but the freedom of woman from all moral restraints." In conclusion Father Ryan ex- pressed the conviction that the ex- treme notions of the feminist move- ment will gradually disappear, be- cause they are against the interests of society. Frances T. J. Burns Discusses in the March number of "The Catholic World b this question: "Is there a Catholic theory of Crimin- ology?" and he answers, yes; A Cath- olic theory of Criminology does exist in so far as the Catholic theory of explaining the genesis and responsi- bility of sin, exists. This can be said to be the case, chiefly because the Catholic recognizes as a dogma of the Church and a tenet of philosophy the doctrine of free will in man." Henry A. Lappin Is another contributor to the Ca- tholic World" for this month, ,'rod he does a real selMee to the cause of religion and the cause of Ireland when he points in his review of ;'Three new Irish Novels" the im- portance of the Catholic faith to a writer who should attempt an inter- pretation of the'h'ish people. There has been a considerable literary re- vival in Ireland in recent years, but much of it is taintett with the pagan spirit. The reviewer very properly points out the Irish people their an- cient Catholic faith is neither a pic- turesque superstition nor a dull dis- ease." Her Catholicity is the Soul of Ireland, and it is plesant to note that in the abundant literature now grouping itself around the demand economic and moral phases of the for national independence, one book is question. Pbinting to the fallacy of actually entitled "The Soul of Ire- 'women's endeavor to compete with ] land." men in all things, he contended worn- t ' aa should be complementary to man, t t CUNARD LINE SERVICE and cooperae instead of competing I TO GERMANY STARTED with him. "Woman should set up her]  _ ewn standards instead of striving to Plymouth, Eng., March 5.After reach the standards of man," he said. landing passengers for England yes- "WomAn's mission in life is just as high and just as noble as that of nan. To deny the social claims that rest upon her would be to act con- trary to the interests of thi social lody." Economic Competition Woman's mptition with man in the economic field has not benefited ::her, Fatber :Ryan declarelL He con- terday the Cunard Line steamer Sax- onia left for Hamburg, inaugurating the Cunard line service to Garmany. Passengers for France will travel by way of Southampton, the call of the steamer at Havre having been omit- ted from the voyage. Prominent officials of the Cunard Line joined le Saxonia here for the trip to Hamburg. FULL TEXT PI]BLICATION OF THE BISHOPS PASTOR/k'L EXPRESSES THEIR DELIBERATE THOUGHTS UP- ON THE PRESENT STATE OF RELIGION, UPON ITS NEEDS AND ITS ABUNDANT RESOURCES AND ITS SIGNIFIGANCE IN THE AFFAIRS OF MEN AND NATIONS. " BOoks oSI"e00es From the standpoint of technique, according to the general trend of opinion, there have been greater books of Frmk Swinnerton's thtm his "Roofs and Itouses." "Nocturne" still holds first p!ace in the heart nf a public, wiich is willing and eager to praise his other stories, but they Wilh t/his isslm 7'h<, G,ardian presents the I'irsc install- ' |will accord to none the place that ment o1' the, l',ishops ])asi,)ral l,ei:ler in full text an(l shall con- "Nocturne" holds. t;illlle the sallle fl'on] w(ek to w(ek llllti] this wllolesolne and I One night in the lives of five people timely letter he(omes a part in the int(qligenee and the zeal of that's all-if Nocturne could be sum- (}le uar(tiall l'ea(](HTs, med in a sem;encc--but what a night , ,. llt(' drchbisho),, and B't,'hops of th(, United ,qlatCr' ];, ('o'?.ftr filledthat waSlwith"RoOfSpeople,,,and "Nocturne"Huses" is ence assembhd, to their ( lcrq?] and faith, f,M people---Grace only five. There are people who Y( unto you and peace from G )d otr Father a.,d from /he come and go all throughout the Lord Jesu, (..h, rz,;t. " pages of "Roofs and Houses" and these are the people who make of V(meral)le ]rethren'0f the Clergy, their "Roofs just "Houses." There leloved Chikh'en of the Laity: isn't a home---a real one in all its pages, saving that of the grocer, and Thirty-five ye'trs have elapsed since the Fathexs of the his family, who kave come to the Tt " ltr(t Plenary Council el' laltimore addressed their Pastoral provincial Erglish town to carry on Letter to the faithful of their charg'c. In it they expressed their trade. They bear the. nmne Of one of the most prominent citizens,, their delil)erate thought upon the state of relia'ion at the time, socially, since they are really blood upon its needs and its abulldant l'esources. Sllrveyillg the kin, an dthis works to the detriment growth of i,h.; Church during acc, ntm'v, they saw with thanlful- or their trade. hess the evident design of (lo(l in 1)t;.half of ()Ul' ('ounl;ry; all(] They are,snubbed, and cut, and are turning to the I'uture |hey l)eheld the 1)romise of a still lllOre fruiti:ul (te.velopmenJ:. With wise enaehmnt "rod admonition six REEL WAR IILI TO - ", BE FURNISI-iEI) FREE they imparted new vigor to our (.,athoh( lille. With a foresight which we can now al)l)reeiate, they i)rel)ared" the Church in Pastors anti Catholic Organizations Anmrica to meet. on the soli(l groun(t of faith and (tiscipline, May Secure Patriotic Motion Pie- the ehan,a'ing conditions of our earthly exislen(e. As li)ope Leo tures from the N. C. W. Council. Xll]i of hal)l)y memory declared : "the event has proven and still does 1)rove, that the decrees of Baltimore wcre wholesome (N. C. W. C. Press Bureau) and timely. Exl)erienee ]ms demonstrated their value for the -Phe National Catholic War Coun- maintenance of discipline, l:()r stimulating the intelligence and ell announces that it will furnish zeal of the clergy, for protecting and developing the Catholic without charge the patriotic motion edn(ation of youth" (lihmyc. Longiqa oceani spa/is. Jan 6, picture review, "American Catholics 1895). in War and Reconstruction," to pas- ors desirixg to show this historic The framers of thag legislation were men of power, shew- fihn to their congregations and to ing forth in their wisdom the dignity of prophets and' instruct- Catholic organizations that desire to ing the peoph with holy words. They are gone, nearly all, to exhibit the picture for the benefit of their rest and reward: but their godly (leeds tiave not failed, their memhers. r].  .l.h%y have left us a sa6red inheritance: their lahors 'u'e h ekl in Tie picture is an inspiraing recit- renmml)rance and their names in benediction forever, tots desiring to show this historic tire and entertaining motion picture ]following the exanli)le o[ our predecessors, and like t henI of the wonderful war and reconstrnc- trusting in the guidance of the lloly S])irit. we lately took coral- tion work of the twenty million Am- sel together for tlle welfare o1! the Church and of our country, eriean Catholic men and women, act- The whole H.ierarehy of the United ," -, ,ra( s aSSelUl.)led ill \\;, ash- ing under the direction and advice of ington, to consider the prol)lems, the needs and the possibi!ities the Hierarchy through the "wo main for good which invite us to new mutertaldngs. In the record operating committees of the National of the last three decades we foulld mue]l to console and inspire Clothlie War Council, namely the Committee on Special War Activities us. We also knew well that you with whom and for whom we and Knight of Columbus Committee have labored, would rejoice in considering how abundantly l,o.n War Activities. (led has blessed our endeavors. And we therefore determined, I The picture has received gloat for His glory and for your comfort, to point out the significant.p raise from the Administrative Bis- phases in our progress, and to set forth the truths which con- hops of the War Council and from tdn the solution of the world's great problems, scores of bishops and priests who have already witnessed its presents- This course we adopted the lnore hopet'ullv because of the tion in various parts of the country. approval and encouragemem; givenus by our t]fly tather, Pope Bishop Muhloon of Rockford, Chair- Benedict XV, in the Letter which hc sent us last April. Know- man of the National Catholic War ing how deeply the Sovereign Pontiff is concerned for the res-I Council Administrative Committee toration of all things in Christ, and how confi(tently he loois! expressed his approval in the follow- .... . ....... . - ,mg words" "I enjoyed the motion pic- a tins ume o ale unurcn m 2merita, we felt that by uniting - ,- " .... ::: . ' . /lure, American uatnolics in war an our thought and our effort we should cooperate, m the measure Recoashction' , and am of our opportunity, toward his beneficent purpose. In his ]confident that the picture wilt meet name, and in our own, we greet you, dear brethren, as children/with approbation anti success, as it of the Holy Catholic Church and as citizens of the Republic on Irecites in an interesting way the whose preservation the future of hulnanitv so largely depends, story of love, brotherhood and Amer, ' ,,., l ican (evotion,that all must admire' We exh'ort you, as of one mind and heart, to penner wen UlelAch i .... . , 1 b shop Schrembs of Toledo slat- significance of recent events, so that each of you, as ClrCUln- ed: "More than any book or number stance requires, nmy rightly fulfil his hare of our connnontof books the War Council's reveiw obligation, brings home to the beholder a vivld First of all, it is our boundeh duty to offer up praise and conception of the magnitude of the thanksgiving to Ahnighty God who in His gracious Providence, wonderful work accomplished by has restored the nations to peace. He has shown us His mercy, and the light of His countenance is shining upon us, that we may know His way upon earth, which isMm way of salvation for all peoples. Now that the storm is subsicing, we cal see the true meaning of its causes. We can revie cahnly the changes and movements which 1)rought it about; tnd we can discern more surely their inlport for our various ln;man interests. Progress of the Church In the spiritual order, there has been a steady advance. The issue between truth and error with rard to all that . ligion implies, is now quit6 clearly drawn. As lmman devices, intended to replace the gospel, have gradually broken down, Christianity, by contrast, appears distinct and firm in its new position. The Church indeed ires suferM because it wouM not sanction the vagaries of thought and policy which were leading the world to disaster. And yet the very opposition which it encountered, an opposition which would have destroy- ed the work of nmn, has given the Church occasion for new nmnifestations of life. With larger freedom from external in.. terference, it has developed more fully the power from on high with which the Holy Spirit endued it. Far from being weaken- ed by the failure of outward support, its activity is seen as the expression of inner vitality. Its vigor is shown in its read a([aptation to r the varying conditions of the world, an adaptation which means no supine yielding, but rather the exertion of power in supplying as they arise, the needs of humanity. Be- cause it maintains inviolate the deposit of Christian faith and the law of Christian morality, the Church can profit by every item of truth and every means for the betterment of man which , ar ,enuine progress fords. It thrives wherever freedom lives, and it furnishes the only basis on which freedomcan be secure. Action of the l-Ioly See The ironer vitality of the Church has been shown and en- hanced by the action of the Holy See in giving fresh impetus v finally driven out of town by the snobbery of a people, who are so bound by convention that they can not be neighborly to a tinnily, be- cause the father's position as a gro- cer. The son of the prominent family shows his own people the error of their way. He meets and likes his kin people, and the tbrtmd of romance that is woven throughout the pages of "Roofs and Houses" makes read- ers lad eagerly to the end, so they may have all the enjoyment of the love affair of the son and the grocer's daughter, for we are led to believe the relationship was not near enough to interfere with a happy termina- tion. Frank Swinnerton may not have intended any lesson to be deducted from his pages, he no doubt, just in- tended to record something of the narrowness of life as lived n a small community, but what challenge he ut- ters against that prejudice hich is likely to bind small souls, and make small the lives that c0uld be illed with deeds of charity al kindness, C. fillment of the pledge of the Ameri- can ttierarchy, speaking in the name of the American Catholic people, to the President of the United States and the glofqous record of welfare and econstruction accomplishments which was written by the National Catholic War Council during the per- ilous years of the War and the trying reconstruction period following the arnistice. A special reel, entitled, "Over There and Home Again With The K. of C." i deoted to the work of the deservedly popular Knights of Col- umbus. Several prints of the film are now available for circulation throughout the United States. As stated above, no rental charge is attached to the exhibition of the film. All reqtlests for bookings of the National Catho- lic War Council's motion picture will receive careful attention and will be filled as far as possible in the order received. All inquiries should be ad- dressed to Charles A. McMahon, Chairman, National Catholic War Council Motion Picture Committee, 1312 Massachusetts Avenue, .N.W., Washington, D. C. Catholics during the War." Archbishop Hanna of San Fran- cisco, Chairman of the Welfare Coun- cil after witnessing the film in Wash- ington said: "I am most favorabIy impresd by the war Council"s mo- tion picture review. It gives the gen- eral public a vivid and interesting ac- count of the work done for our coun- try by our Catholic people, not only by our men under arms, by our chap- lains, but also by our devoted rams, by laymen and layivomenyes, and by our children too. I hope to have this film exhibited in every parish in the Archdiocese of California." The motion picture tells of the fuI. VOTIVE CANDLE Kept in Rome Since 1867 Lit at Free. " dora Feast in Poland (Catholic Press Association) . Rome.The Osservatore Romao mblishes an account of the reception in Poland of the votive candle, kept :liel since 1867, waiting for the day of resum'ection of that Catholic coun- flry. The two Cardinals, Kakowski and Dalbor, were His Holt-. ; hess to bear it to Poland; and there was both devotion and enthusiasm at Warsaw on the occasion of this, the religious ceremony of the restoration of Poland. Msgr. Ratti, the Papal Nuncio, was the speaker of the occasion, from which he drew the happy lesson of the strict union of Poland with the H01y See. Among the principal ecclesias. tical dignitaries were the Archbishops of Lemberg, of Latin and Armenian Rite; and the Bishops of Vilna and Przemysl; also M. Paderewski, the Marshal of the Diet, the president of the Council of Ministers, the Syndi of Warsaw. After the ceremony at the Arch- bishop's residence, a procession was formed to the Cathedral where the Mass was celebrated by Cardinal Dal- bor. At the "Gloria" the Marshal of the Diet lit the votive candle, which haft been waiting over half a century in Rome. Cardinal Kakowski gave Benediction. to the mint, s ald ltem,s of the faithful; in stimulating philoso- phical, histbri(al and biblical studies; in creating institutions of learning; in revising the forms of liturgical prayer ; in quick- cuing devotion,, and in reducing to a compact body of law the manifold enactments of canonical legislation. At the same time the S(vermgn Pontiffs have promoted the welfare of all man- kind by insisting on the principles which should govern our so- cial, industrial and political relations; by deepening respect for civil authority; by enjoining upon Catholics everywhere the duty of allegiance to tim State and the discharge of pat- riotic obligation. They have condemned the errors which plan- ned to betray humanity and to undermine our 'civilization. Again and again, the charity of Christ constraining them. have sought out the people which'sat in darlmess and shadow of death; and they have urged all Christians whoare yOt "as children tossed to and fro and carried about with every .... wind of doctrine," to enter the haven of the Church and anchor upon the confession of "one Lord, one faith, one baptism" ((Eph. IV, 14, 5). (Continued Next Week) " !.