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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 13, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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March 13, 1920
 

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PAGE FOUR i ii ii Published Weekly by TIIE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock. 309 WEST SFCOND STREET Fmteted am second-clasi mav:lr .larch zl 1911. at the postofllce t Little Rock. AI k. under tim iI o/ Congress o[ March 3, z879. - . , , Subscription Prh:e, $2.00 tim year u , (&apos;ha|lge O' Address ,When a chage of addrel is dec,red the aub$criber hould give both the old and mc new address. - Cor/espoadence Mattcr intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us uot later than Wcdnelday alorniag, lh'icf news correspondence s always wc come. The kindneus oi the clergy in thin matter is cordially ipprecia Led. Very Rcv. A. Stoeker, O. S. B,, D. D .......... : ....... Editor-in-Chiet Ray. Edward A, ]qannery ........................ Contributing Editor Illcv. Gco. H MDermott ........................... Managmg Editor All commumcations about "The Guardian" should be addressed to tl Rev. Gee. II., McDermott, 3o9 West Second Street. OFFI CIAL APPROVAL The Guardian is the official organ of the diocese of Little Rock, -',nd I pray God'that it may be an earnest ehampibn in the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent de:t'ender of the religion which we all love so well. I axtend to .it my blessing with the sincere hope that its career may be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS,. Bishop of Little Rock. 16 Little Rock, Saturday, March 13, 1920. Wilson's new secretary of state must be willing to run as a second section on the. "one- track" road., always willing to go "along," but behind the president. .0-0 Congress did well in rat!using to appropri- ate $1,000,000 for the enforcement of prohibi- tion along the borders of Canada and Mexico. Congress is getting its second sight on national fakers and grafters. Words like these from ex- Speaker Cannon show that some of Our legisla- tors are not being befuddled as to the spread of "easy money" by the Internal Revenue Bu- reau. Mr. Cannon said that soon the Internal Revenue Bureau wou](l be asking for an army, a navy and a coast guard to enforce lJm prohi- tilt, on law. "I[' this thing keeps up they will ask for millions for this purpose," he added. "I voted ;r these laws. When the sentiment of my constituency demanded it I felt that the time had come for lne to either resign or vote their voice. I sin unwilling to make this law ridiculous at the recommendation of the Inter- Iial Revmme Bureau. ' ' ,O-O THE SITUATION OF LABOR, IN RUSSLA At a time when Russia is looked up to, by the radical element among laborers, as re, pre- senting the ideal towards which the working class ought to strive, it is well to spread the news of the actual situation of labor in Russia. " With tiffs end in view we transla from tlle St. Louis Amerika of March 4, what Richard Calver, a socialistic econolnist, writes about the conditions of labor in that country. From Russia, he says, the news has reached us that the Soviet government has introdueed a twelve-hour working day and a seven-day worMng week After the ill-starred results of Socialistic experiments in the past this intelli- gence seems entirely credible. At first contract labor was introduced again, then the labor coun- cil of the manager was abolished and the mana- ger given dictatorial powers over the laborers. Now a disproportionately long time of l al%r has been established, and this after the laborers had been given to understand that a long time of labor could benefit only capital. But this re- turn.to reason is affected in Russia under the same 9orms of terrorism that had originally been employed against capitalists and capital. Laborers, he continues, have nothing to say any more ; they have to submit in silence. From a dominating position the laborer has come down o such a, Condition of oppression as would have been thought impossible before the era, of Bolshevism. Realizing that the socialism it intended to, carry out was an utopia, the Soviet government unhesi- tatingly belies its, former view by deeds, and (going to the other extreme) places the labor- ing class under such a regime of compulsion as bears not the remotest resemblance to the so- cialistic theories propagated before the war. In ]Russia we are witnessirg the 'state slavery of la- bor, an eventuality that can be predicted for any country where socialism will be establish- ed by the power of the state. S. 0-O. SOWING THE WIND AND REAPING THE WHIRLWIND. From an editorial in the German St. Louis Amerika we glean the following items: Martens, the '.env0y' to this country of the Russian Soviets, has made the contention be- fore a. Senate committee that at one time of- ficials of our country worked hand in hand with bolshevist agitators with a view to sow discord amon tlie G(,rman )eoDle. It was, he said, C.reel's Bureau of Public Information that ini- tiated thi,propaganda.  ':i This is corroborated by the information weber from the book, "The Real Colonel THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 13, 1920 ..................................................... J " u ul Unuse," hy Arthur ]). ]Iowdcn Slnlth." :[hero, [ v'ood, of charity.. ()ely is cllarity a more I;hor- - ' .... ! we read that Ml'. l[ousc was on,, i,f. the first ad-(mg'h i,h-,litifieati()n with the sl,irit of Christian- [ QUESTION BOX vocates of tlle 'strate, aic tlieory' "of attacldn:4' th(: (,cnt]al l)o(ls ,lent Jl, hi]l with p]opa-[ g'anda designed to stir t;tl( masses to rcl)ellio]l I and to d'rivc wedges between Austria anti (ler-/ n lany. ' ' I (,mnnlly, ml her part. was doi i,r the, s:tm-/ thin in Russia. From Switzerland. where the mmrchistie Russian ehnnents lived i) exile. (lermanv had s,mle or the principal.bolshevist agitators transported, in sealed ears. throu,,d Germany to Russia. that they might work there as a h,,aven ol revolution. The purpose was actually atiained: and when Germany had won the peace of Brest-Litowsl from her bolshevist t'riemls, she tho ult she h'ld gained an adwmt- a'e (.if far-rea((hin4' eonse(luences. Meanwhile Ill(, allies, as hnted at above,, lind pursued the same sinster tactics against Germany and Ger- many fell a victim to the same tactics which she trod pro'sued against Russia. She had sown the wind and reaped tile whirlwind. The end evidently does not justify t!m means. [s not tim evil see(t planted by 1)oth Gernmny and the allies bearing fruit in the ruinous unrest that harasses the whole world? Does not the seeming impossihility of reaching peace appear like a nemesis for the nefarious stirring up of rebellions ? "When all these statesnlen," says the ed- itor of Amerika "who scattered the haeillus of revolution in enemy (,om ltries, now 1)ehold the international sweep of discontent among the massef, thoughts like those expressed in the. words of Chiller's Karl Moor lilflV (;I'OSS their minds: "FooI that I wan to think that the world could be ]rmde beaut'tiff by ugly dee(ts. and the laws be uptu;hl by lawh.'ssness! But alas[ Thepastisheyond my.eoutr(>l. What is ruined is ruined and what 1 Imve pulle(1 (lowll ('an ]wv(,r lie up aR'ain l" S. O - O" JI/S7'ICE AND CIIAIH7'I; 1I-[. The new orl(,r re(tuires as a lmsis, first. 3 li(;W let:lid, that is wmind imbued with the ex:- maple an(1 leachings o1' Chi'i,'/'t. But the new mind nlust have as a conipanion, secondly, a new heart, whictl is the vital dynamo for set- lblz in nlotion the schemes of the ]lew mind. Now the ;new heart is a ]leart whose ])llJSe spells ;jusliee and charity. Says tile Pastoral : "Ch ristia]lity requires lllat w(; accept two fundaniental principles as the tiasis of our hulnan relations. These are' l.ll(, ap- the prineipb,, )t! justice and charity.  plieati(m of these in private and pubIic life is t the first step towards the restoration of peace[ and order." I . The knowledge as to what is meant by I justice is a matter of the mind, and, in particu- lar, of the mind enlightened with the precepts of Chrigtianity. This Christian content of ;justice could not be better and more briefly stated than in the abstract of the Pastoral: "JuStice obliges us to give every man his due, just because he is a man. It prescribes respeetl for the rights of the individual, of society and of the State. It binds us to the keeping of agreements and to the ol)servan('e of law. It for- 'bids slander, either of a person, of a eommmfi- ty, or of a whole body such as the State or the Nation. It is intolerant of fraud and dishon- esty by whomsoe.ver committed, whether in pri- vate transactions or in dealings with the eom- monwealth. It demands that punishment b'e nleted out with equal hand to all who violate the law, irrespective of class, station or irlfh> ential position. But the application of these principles to. private and public life is a matter of the heart, or, if you wish, of the will, or of the conscience, which terms are here synonyms. And how is this new heart to be created within the breasts of men? First, by religious influenees. Man must be taught to realize, from his youth up, his responsibility to Almighty God for ev- erything he does. It must become an ever-pres- ent thought with him that there is no hiding from the eyes of God nor escape for the unjust from His avenging wrath. Thus is formed a conscience that will act aright and a wiII that is proot against temptations to deal unjustly with one's neighbor because of a supposed per- sonal advantage scrub,ned with a supposed im- nmnity frmn being caught. Both these suppo- sitions are stifled at once in the presence of God Who dwells in the heart of the religious In all. I:[owever, natural consideratioffs, too, may help to fashion the heart to justice. Th 9 keen observer of events will bring it home to him- self that, after all, 'Itonesty is the best policy.' Tn last SmMay's Sun there was a lengthy ar- ticle on "Irving,T. ,Bush's Monumental Euecess Won by Keeping Men Happy In Their Work." And ought not the very mlcomfortable situa- tion that has resulted also in this country front a neglect of justice to abash the greedy heart and to in.el,he it to justice? Unfortuna- tely the corrupt heart has a tendency to blind tile eyes of the mind against the yawning abyss before them. What we have said of justice holds also ily. It anlit,,pates anti oes I)cvond the de- lllall(lS ()l"jusi:i(e. III the I'll'st ]dace it is the Ii!;ll;lll'e I)()iill; of l)ractieal (Jhrisi;iall education, IJi(I. Se('O i(lly, iv it:sell: it ('onvei't-lnaker l)y tile attra('tive l'oi'('( of its (X(l[lisil:e, ehnrnl. No l'ar all our (;orisihq'atJon< ltave (;onvorg- ('(] (Ill tilt' n('(!(I Of l'eli4"ious ('(hlcal;ioil. .17t; is ]'e- li?'ious ((lu(eation tllat, with the hell:) of (led, l'()l'lilS ill illell that ]leW iiiiil(] lliid ne.w heart which are, the hasis o1! au Ol'd(H' :ill which the reign of justice alld charity wil.l assure the ]iap- piness of niankind. But as a graduate from s,hool must lnirsue his culture if tie does not wMl to deteriorate, so we nmst not t.tii]ll that roligious education ends with the last grade, of the parochial school. It is a matter of a life- time. In close touch with tho Church we keep on l)orfeeting that nlind and qieart and making the, lit stronger and stronger for the duties of just,('(, and hive. S. O-O, PROPAGANDA Much has appeared in pape, rs recently about the nefarious propaganda w]lich sinister forces and c(mnivig govcmments engage in to )mrvert 1)ul)lic ()pint(re. No institution has suf- ferad n]ore than our Church from misleading statements and insidious accusations brought no'nil st her 1)y those who had an object of sel- fish advancement in view, We of the faith. there fore,, rememberin our mxm suft;erin-d w]]en majust c, har'es were brought against us. might he ilwlinod to ]ine:er. uncharital)ly on t]ie law (If retribution when some of our former assai]- nnts are l loin,z 1),1!cried in their own stoeks. Tis eom,.;etio was srl'e, sted by an ar- ticle whieh,apl)eared in a politi('al weeMy which t'or some unexplained reason is sent gratis-to all priests, at least to all in eastern dioceses., Thoua'h it 1)reten(ls to speak for no partic, ular can(It(late, this weeldy must ]lave its choice sineo it,resents the methods of 'notller. hereto- fore nOll-polit:ical weekly, whieh in denounxde' for llavi]l a pet ca MMate whose fortunos aro surrentitiously pushed. The denounced editor writes his name in the c(dunins ot7 that miornmusIy spread publi- cation. The Saturday Evening Post. So]n, Cath- olics will r(.call ' tha'c once upon a time that wide- Iy read mouthpiece of contemporary fiction per- nlitted a lady to charge things against a certain priest in Pennsylvania. who. as s, It(. ' represented, hindered rather than abetted the work of the Mounted Police in their pursuit era notorious ]awbrcalcer. The, charge was investigated 1)3' ]uanv me, tubers of our Churc]l who. when they found it unfounded, called upon the editor to p]ffnt a retraction of the story. S'uts were tlireatened: pulpits rang with indictments and all the, Catholic editors voiced theilr resentment. Did the publisher or editor print the demanded denial? After a long lapse of time, when the article had been iserted in. a puBlistled volnme without the priestly defalnation, whoever is re- sponsible for he issue of the weekly aIlo wed a lame excuse to be written and printecI in an in- c<mspicums corner of the magazine, not on the editorial page mind, wherein the vil'e accusation was half-heartedly withdrawn. It is this same publication wliicll no,w has fallen foul ofthe publishers of the NationaI Re- I, ubIiean. It ]nay have been noticed that many page editorials have lately been thrust on the attention of the readers of the Post demanding that a business man be chosen next president of the United States. At first it was tho.ught that any competent business man wouId do. But reeled against Catho]Mty by all new cnIts and the Republicans of this country are warned not to alDw any editor, whose interests arc', not wholly disinterested, to pick any candidate for whom they lie asked to east their baIIots. It is also insisted that alien manipulators are behind this weekly magazine and its efforts to fiIl the White House with the next ictmbent. As proof it is asserted that the edito was one of the guests .at that Now York dinner at which another editor assisted, who later came out for Mr. Hoover, no matter upon which ticket he ran. At the same table there was the repre- sentative of the English govermnent, which im- mediately set the Hearst publications loose with the assertion that Britain was attempting to se- lect our ruler. As a part of the plan, or plot, whichever you wish to name it, the Northcliffe press would be subsidized which might hint that the magazine founded 1)y Franklin had passed into strange ]lands. ':It might reenforce the argument were we to drag in here mention of another artmle which ms appeared in he Philadelphia publication. "The Rising Irish Tide" gave the British view of conditions in Ireland with a brutal candor which really robbed the article of most of its lethal power to do llarm to the Irish cause be- <cause it was so patently inspired gnd one-sided. All of which brings one back to the insistent ,accusations of some radical thinkers in this ,country that there are less than half a dozen secular publications in this nation that are not owned, body and soul, by forces employed in propagandas ,that cannot bear fair inspection. With a view of furnishing- lnlormatton On polnrs o{ doceriae axl discipline nol tollc}ll:ti upon in our h.adi,g articles we :rv. devg [tbia coltllan to it. Thone who are seeking infoFtliatle, n should I'm.:d Im queat:ioni '41y ia he week. Ix il a, sin fore Catholic to attend the P,role.'lant ,vcr,vice.s., and why i, it a .'in?, Yes, 1)ecause eitllor you are a Catholic or you are not. If you are a Catholic you must hold as abso]ut;ely true that the Catholi, c re- li'im is the only religion and that all other religions are nianmade and false. It is not a qnvstion of broadmindedness, it is a question of deny,up" Christ in sharing in a false religiolb and if you take part in non-Catholic worsblb ylm practically deny that the Church of Christ is the true Church. How do you explain, the Words our Lord descended into hell? In the Greek language there is one #or(l that signifies any place outside of heaven. It is in this sense that the word is used in the ac- count of Christ's death. It signifies that the soul of Christ descended ito the place where the souls of the just who died 1)afore Christ war6 detained and were waiting redemption. We read .in the first Epistle of Saint Peter: "He was put to deatk indeed i:n the flesh, but enlivened in thc ,l-)irit ; in which also comin, he preached to thos(, spirits t]lat were in prison." What is' the meaning of the word "Selah'" i, tlw Bible? This word oeeurs sewmty-four times in the ][ehrew ()ht r.]Sesbune.nt, from wtiieh, it was taken ()ver. untranslated both in the Reptuaint the G]'e(,k Version. and the King James Ver- sion ()t7 the B ihle. The Latin wegate and the ])ouay Version omit it. The meanin is a mat- ter of dis]nte even amon the best Bible schol- ars. Most, of the Jewish commentators ive to the word the, lneani]lg of forever. Malteson be- lit,yes if to he a musical in.lecture,, perhaps equivalent to reDeat. Gosemius exp]ail]s it to nieali: "Let the instruments play and the sing- vrs stop." This is all the satisfaction we can give our non-Catholic inquirer. Will you kindly explain why parents can- vet receive ab.olution for sending a child to lhe public school when the child has been con- firmed, made hix [irst Communipn and attend- ed the Catholic school or three years after be=, in.q confirmed? The fact that the child has been confirmed and made his First Communion does n?t in any way alter the case; if anything it increases the parents' obligation to safeguard the faith and morals of the Catholic child by sen(tin' him to the Catholic sehooI. In feet. it is due to such an attitude as you dispIay that the Church is eon- strained to enact and to insist upon obedience to laws regarding the Christian education of Cathohe enIdren. 9he Church ]s guided by the wisdonl of tile ages and consifters the best in- terest of the C atlroIic body at large. There is no hint in the reguIations that the law ceases to bind after a cMId has been admitted to a holy communion arid a confirmation. The law was enacted to safeguard the child and to furnish him assistance against dan.a'ers to his soul. You should be pIeased and satisfied to obey the in- junction of the Church in the important duty of edueation. Doe, Ba?)tism stand for God's .grace? [) have a Presbyterian uncle who says this: "'I believe in Baptism as a rite commanded by the Lord. but as wholly symbolical. Christ's grace is not actually siren except by a wholly interior process." And he quotes Scripture. Tell me in your next number what to say to him. Say what follows: St. Peter teaches that "Baptism nofv saveth you" (1 Peter iii, 21); our Lord join s together" water and the spi]'it' ' ((John iii, 5) ; S. Paul says that we are "sav- ed" through "the laver (washing) of regenera- tion" (Gal. iii, 27) ; and in the same place con- nects Baptism with putting on Christ, and in another place speaks of our being by Baptism 'sanctified and justified in the ]mme of the Lord Jesus, and by the Spirit of our God" (1 Cor. vi, 11). Let your uncle follow up this start I am giving you by consulting his concordance under the word Baptism, and if he wilI not ad- mit the Catholic doctrine of the sacrament he will perhaps give over annoying you about it. He will (possibly) begin to see that Baptism i indeed a symbo of grace, but also and in addi- tion an effectual means of communicating grace inwm'dly by the very fact of its adminis- trati0n outwardly, when rightly done. This (possibly, again) may lead him to stn.dy care- fully the sacramental idea as our Savior con- " ee]ved t, and carried it out in instituting all the seven sacramests of His Church. That well understood, he will not be far off from conver- sion, for he will find himself believing a funda- mental Catholic doctrine, generative in an hon- est mind of all other doctrines of the'Redeemer.