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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 13, 1920     Arkansas Catholic
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March 13, 1920
 

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T 7, ZII.ZU.00T.TI'I i sirable tl*an that Catholic papers and  W ; Catholic literature should have a large ! circulation, so tlxat every one may I, have every day good reading which II instructs and warns, and strengthens i and promotes the Christian virtues. * l --BENDICTUS, pp., XV. i | A Catholic Paper ts a Perpetual Misslon Pope Leo Xlll i "The Guardian" in every home-our Motto. ! Volume 9 The Official Organ of the Diocese of Li, Rle m Rock, Arkansas :( % TO BEATIFY AND CANONIZE ""tREAT FUNCTIO--S ARRANGED IN ROME FOR BEATIFICATION OF VENERABLE-OLIVER PLUN- KET AND CANONIZATION OF JOAN D'ARC. (C. P. A. Sercice to The Guardian.) Rome.Nothing, of course, is deft- nite and official, until it appears in the Osservatore Remand; but I un- derstand that the dates of the hig St. Peter's functions are now fixed. There will be five Beatification Sundays, beginning with Low Sunday: April 11, 18, 25, May 2, 9; and there will be two Canonization functions; Ascen- sion Day, May 13; and Pentecost, May 23. For the Beatifications, among which will be that of the Vcn. Oliver Plun- ker. the mming function, as is known, takes place without the pres- ence ef the Holy Father, who comes down from the Vatican in the after- noon to venerate the newly Blessed. For the Canonizations, the custom is, if there be more than one, that His Holiness should say the Mass for M1 on the sune day. On this occasion he makes the ex- ception that, on Ascension Day, Blessed Marguerite Marie Alacoque and Blessed Gabriel dell' Addolorata of the Passionists will be canonized; and Blessed Joan of Arc will be alone on Pentecost. This in response to the prayer of the French--indeed of all France--backed, if the world had known of it, by the whole world. For the Maid means something to the whole world. And one of the happi- est things in the unhappy war was the annual homage paid to the Maid by the British troops, to whom, if %o any one, Joan might not have been ex- pected to mean what she happily does mean. So France gets her dream; the Canonization of Joan with victory. And, if what one hears is true, offi- cial France may have made her pcac0 with the Holy See even before the Canonization of her very special na- tional (if the term may be allowed) Saint. Msgr. Touche, is here now. Bishop of Orleans, he has always been close in touch with the Cause. But, as re- gar(ls the concourse of the faithful if, seems that, through unavoidable lack of traveling and lodging facili- ties, the celebrations here will be for a privileg'cd number of foreigners-- and m)t only French, there will be oth- ers, Irish especially--and for the Ro- mans who are on the spot. Man,r, of course, will come, and Rome is an ex- traordinarily elastic place; but hun- dreds )f thousands of French, Irish and others will keep thb: feast at home instead of journeying here. And for Orleans, R)uen, Dublin and else- where lustre will be added. It remains to 1)e seen if ,qnd when is Holiness will think well to fit the pected consistory into such a crowd- ed time. He might, indeed, postpone it until Autumn; but, as there will be so many cardinals in Rome for the feasts, he might think it appropriate and convenient to hold it after Eas- ter. The 1914 consisbory for the crea- tion of chrdinals was on May 25, the 24th being- the Sunday within the Oc- tave of the Ascension. Curiously .enough, turning" up an old record of that time, I read: "Msgr. Touchet, Bishop of Orleans, asks his revered colleagues of the French Episcopate to be god enough to recommend to the Xaithful of their dioceses the success of the Prepara- tory Congregation in the cause of thG mircles of Blessed Joan of Arc, and thinks it right to let them know that this Congregation has been postponed from May 26 to JUne 16 on account of the consistory." PLAN TO RAISE GERMAN POSTAGE Facing a prospective deficit of 1,- 000,000,000 marks in the fiscal year of 1920, the administration of the German Post Office is planning a general increase in postal, telegraph and telephone rates, according to re- ports found in Berlin papers of Jan. 26. The employes of the system re- cently received a ].50 per cent in- crease in their "high cost of living" bonuses, and the prices of all the materials used by the department have also gone up, Last Fall there was a general raise in ,lie postal, telegraph and telephone rates, but it was not enough to cover the addition- al operating expenses. Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, March 13, 1920 Hail St. Patrick! A. D. 432 St. Patricll blest and loved Apostle, To thee in heaven we raise The tribute of our soul's affection, Our earth-wide'Daean of praise. A. D. ! 920 Patrick's Spirit and Faith Blesses Emerald Isle Seven Hundred Years of Oppression The Fire of the Irish Heart Ever Burning for Now Brighter Than Ever Next Wednesday in the fair land 3f Erin, the cradle of that prolific race which has peopled America and Australia with the bravest and noblest of their citizens, the feast of St. Pat- rick will be celebrated with all the accumulated love and veneration of the fifteen hundred years that have elapsed since that great saint pianted his foot on the great bosom of the Isle of Dstiny. Fresh and green m the shamrock, the symbol of Ireland and its heroic gift of faith; fresh and green the grass beneath which it shel- ters from the raw March wind I Even now the ever-rolling clouds are veil- ing the fair face of Ireland. Already the fields are turning white with daisies, and along the sunny dykes the scented primrose, rathe and hardy, throws its perfume on the blus- telT wind. Such was the gem of the Western Sea when a captive boy of Britain a boy that was destined to make the faith of Christ as unchangeable as the emerald hue of that gem on which he wrought, nay, was tlm lapidary des- tined .to give to it a deeper tint. and a f;tirer setting--was led ,/ slave to the land that bears no name closer than his own. Well nigh fifteen hundred years have gone by since t. Patrick-- known as Patricius Maonus Sucatus in the days of his boyhovd by the shores of the Sevem--fell into the hands of a fleet of Irish freebooters and was brought by them to Ireland to be sold into slnvery, in the land whither he afterwards brought the faith that banished paganism and druidism. St. Patrick was born in or abut the year 389 A. D. He was the son of, Calpurnius, '% Briton who like all free subjects of the Empire was a Ro- man citizen, and like his father, Poti- ,us, before him, he bore a Roman name." The village of Bannaventw-- EUROPE .GRUMBLES TOO MUCH AT OUR PROSPERITY Can Cure Own Economic Neurasthenia by Hard Work, Believes "Casey" Director New York.--Lawrence O; Murray, comptroller of the currency under the administration of Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson, returned last week after two years' service in Europe as overseas commissioner for the Knights of Co- lumbus. Mr. Murray directed the fi- nances of the organization's overseas work. ' "!,al "I am convinced," he said, "that there is a general belief in Europe that America has wilfully accepffed the upper hand resulting from the des- perate staits in which the nations of Europe find themselves. Our mate- rial stock is high over there, so very high that our moral stock has consid- erably depreciated Some of the fa- mous French editors have been ex- ceedingly bitter in their attacks on us. "There is no question but that re- lief is needed badly in certain sections I of Europe--especiall.v in Austria. I There conditions ar" terrible. Butl I'm convinced that Europeans are spending too much time grumbling at what they consider Ammcan pros. perity instead of applying themselves and Suppression Fail to Extinguish Liberty, of vague locality in the regions of the lower Severn, wa his birthplace. St. Patrick's father was a Christian dea- con, and his grandfather a Christian presbyter. The scene of St. Patrick's capitivity is enerall, though perhaps erro- neously, thought to be Ulaid, on the borders of Lough Neagh, in Ulster, where he herded droves of swine for his master Miliuce on the slopes "of Mount Misz. It would seem that C,oagh Patrick near the wood of Fachiad which fmzns part of the dis- ,riot of Tirawley today, has a strong- er title to the episode in the life of St. Patrick than has the district about Mount Miss. A famous biographer of St. Patrick has said: "The beginning- of the work (of Christianity) had been noiseless and dateless due to the play f acci- dent, and the obscure zeal of nameless pioneers; but it was organized and established so that it could never be undone, namely by the efforts of one to the colossal task of rebuiiding their T wealth. They are suffering from eco- nomic neurasthenia and they expect us to be the doctor when they can I cure themselves by hard work." Before leaving France, Mr. Murray was honored by the French govern. meat in recognition of his services as a K. C. executive by the bestowal o$ the Medal of Public Instruction, first class. man, a Roman citizen of Britain. After six years of slavery St. Pat- rick escaped to France, and thence made his way to Rome. where after some years of study he was ordained by Pope Celestine and sent to Evan- gelise, the island that brought him to captivity. He landed for the second time in Erin in the year 432 A. D. and at once commenced the work of conversion. His uccess was rapid I for he was ready and willing to cos-[ quer every obstacle in' the great worl/ be which he was assigned. In a short | time the Ard-Righ of Tara himself I was baptized in the Boyne and Chris-I tianity was then fairly established." I St. Patrick died at Saul, in the North of Ireland, near the Abbey of Downpatrick, and there he was buried, A huge fiat stone marks his resting place. And St. Patrick's Day makes a red-letter day in the calendar of a great part of the people of three con- tinents as well as the whole of the people ,of Ireland. .FATHER KOCH, ZEALOUS CHURCH BUILDER, DEAD Father Francis Koch, O. F. I., who held the record ,among merican' priests as a church-builder, with prob- ably "one exception--Monsignor Fran- cis Clement Kelley, of Chicago--died recently at St. Anthony's Monastery, Butler, New Jersey. He had built more than twenty churches in his life. was vice president of the Catholic , Church Extension Society of Chicago, The month of March is the month hed of the Church .Extension Society lot Saint Joseph, the model of working lo f the Newark, New Jersey, diocese, men. His assistance and example island was the founder, with the Fran- soreh needed in these days of in-lcisetm Sister, of St. " Clare's orphan- dustrial disturbance. age. Number 39 'TILE SOUL I OF IRELANI)' IDEA OF NATIONALISM COMMON TO THE IRISH PEOPIE ALWAYS AN ASPIRATI ON UNIQUE AMONG NATIONS NOW REVIV- ED. ("Catholic World" for March) The literature produced in Ireland today is not ahme voicing the present unanimous demand for national in- dependence, but is also effectively showing, if it needed to be shown, that such an aspiration has been common to the Irish people since the idea of ntttienalism was born into the world. We might mention many valuable books on the subject, but we will. con- fine ourselves to one, namely, "The Soul of h'eland" by W. J. Lockington, S.J. Its opening sentence is "Ireland. What a history of fearless fighting for God and country that name re- cords!" The soul of Ireland is her Catholic faiM. Determined Persecution Tim persecution of Ireland by Eng- land is not simply the control of po- litical government, it was the deter- mined purpose, ruthlessly executed, to destroy the Catholic faith of the peo- ple; it mattered not if the alternative was theirdestruction, England was not only deteYmined for it, but actually attempted it. Sire did not succeed, as Father Lockington clearly skows.tad she succeeded the civilized world have, humanely speaking, suffeed.the loss of its civilization. Place In the Sun "The one people in Western Europe which has taken the old form of the Christian Religion quite seriously, en- during persecution from without and asceticism from within, has before our very eyes turned a sudden corner and stepped into a place in the sun." Ireland's lsurreetion The resurrection of Ireland is real- ly an historical event that has the ap- pearance of a miracle. "This is one of a class ef undisputed facts, not not actually in form supernatural' but so unique a almost to force any )ne, however rationalistic, to an explana- tion at least transcendental. If the Christian faith is not meant in some , fashion to revive and be reunited in Europe, I for one, can make no moal sense of what has happened in Ire'. land. If the Catholic creeds are not to survive, I cannot imagine why Ireland has survived. Miraculous Revival "Many Englishmen do not see the point; simply because many English- men' arc in this matter quite ignor- ant; especially well educated English- men. They do not happen to know how utterly Ireland was crushed; with what finality and fundamental obliv- ion the nation was one numbered dead. A man in the middle of the Age of Reason, the enlightened and lmmani, ,arian eighteenth century, would have 1)ecn more astounded by the present prosperity of the Catholic peasantry than by a revival of the commerce of Carthage. Nexus of Miracles A similar illustration was offered by Hilaie Beltoc some years ago in :) ,, his essay, entitled: "St tatrick. He says: "ireland is the greatest mira- cle any saint ever worked. ]t is a miracle ,nd a nexus of miracles. Among Other miracles it is a nation raised from the dead. The preserva. tion of the Faith by the Irish is aa historical miracle comparable to noth- ing else in Europe," The Mass Rock The chapter in Father Lockington's book called "The Mass Rock," will show what sustained the Iaith in Ire- land. "'There are many glorious mon- uments today in Ireland that speak eloquently of her sufferings in those dark days---days when Christ's ene- mies tore the sac:ed altar asunder, scattered the protecting walls and washed them in the blood of priests and people, knowing not in their blindness that they were fighting against Him, 'cujus regret non erit finis.' But of these monuments, tell. ing of the superhuman steadiness with which the brave dead followed Christ, to me by far the most touch- ing is the granite block, a broad table of gray stone, with the sacred name of Jesus crowed upon it; that silent table, clasped firmly by the green hrf and held close, as a treasure, to her bosom-Ireland's priceless Mass Rock."