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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 11, 1922     Arkansas Catholic
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March 11, 1922

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i gIt seems to us that nothing is more ! desirable than that Catholic papers and Catholic literature should have a large circulation, so that every one may have every day good read- /ng which instructs and warns, and strengthens and promotes the Chris- tian virtues --BENEDICTUS, PP., XV. . I A Catholic Paper is a Perpetual Miuion.m Pope Leo XIH. "The Guardian" in very borne--our Motto. The Official Organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas f Volume 11 Cathodic Laymen Urged to Protect their Citizenship SHOULD NOT PERMIT RIGHTS AS AMERICANS TO BE DISREGARDED, ARCHBISHOP CURLEY SAYS NO CATHOLIC PARTY BUT A RIGID RESISTANCE TO ALL ATTEMPTS TO INJECT RELIGIOUS DISCRIMINA- TION INTO AMERICAN LIFE. |Sq a. e. . s. |SMI O||SlS||. Baltimore, March 4.mWith no de- sign or thought of forming a politi- cal party, but with the single purpose of serving God and country, Catholic laymen must organize to protect their rights as American citizens, Most Rev. Michael J. Curley, Archbishop of Baltimore, told a gathering of more than a thousand at the meeting of the District Council of the National Coun- cil of Catholic Men here Monday eve- ning. "Such a thing a a political party of Catholics shall never be--must never be," Archbishop Curley de- clared, and his words were received with signs of warm approval. Ad- miral W. S. Benson, president of the National Council of Catholic Men, wh6 was present, was among those who applauded most vigorously. Catholics do not want politics in- jected into religion, nor do they want religion injected into politics, the Archbisop said. In nmking that point unmistakable, it must be understood that Catholics should not permit any interest or organization to trample on their rights as citizens. Must Insist On Rights. "We Catholics are not for any favors," declared the Archbishop, "but we demand and will continue to demand our rights. The day of apol- ogizing for our right to be treated as American citizens has passed. We do not have to give an excuse for living anywhere in this country, much less here in Maryland. Some of you may think I exaggerate. Some of you may think that 1 ought not to be so strong in my expression of our rights as American citizens. "Do you know, men, that from New York City in the last few days letters have gone out to various business as- sociations in this country and to va- rious leaders in business asking them to unite in attackil.J the baneful in- fluence Rome is exercising in- this country? That letter was signed by leaders in five of the best known or- ganizations outside of the Catholic Church. Men, don't be ostriches. Don't hide your heads in the sand and wait for the storm to pass over. In Alabama one of the noblest priests in the country, one of my friends from boyhood days, was shot down like a dog. In Florida, while I was sta- tioned there, the Catholic people who constituted only four per cent of the population, were treated as outcasts because they dared to be Catholics." In referring to Florida, Archbishop Curlcy told how Catholic Sistfrs were arrested in that state because by teaching colored children they were violating a law of the state. That law was passed as a measure of persecu- tion against the Catholics. The Archbishop described how he succeed- ed in having the law declared uncon- stitutional. The audience applauded him, Southern Catholics Need Aid. "Yes, you applaud me now," said His Grace. "Men applauded me in those days. I received telegrams from all over the country, from Catholic men and women, from Catholic socie- ties telling me what a wonderful thing I had done and congratulating me. Oh, the Bishop of St. Augustine was a great man! But wait--let me tell you something. The legal bill for fighting that unjust state measure and in having it declared unconstitu- tional wa, a big one. In the sim- plicity of my heart, I decided to write those who had sent me the telegrams of congratulation and sympathy. I knew that I surely could depend on them. What was the result? From the appeals I received just one dollar. "Where were the men of the Arch- diocese of New Ybrk on that occa- sion and of the Archdiocese of Chi- cago? Where were you men of the Archdiocese of Baltimore? Do you think I was fighting the battle of the Florida Catholics alone . I was fight- ing your battles and the battles of the men of the Archdiocese of Chicago and of the Archdiocese of New York. I was fighting the battles of all Cath- olics. The Church is being perse- cuted in the South today. Do you think the priests in Georgia and Ala- bama are fighting their own private battles and the battles of the Cath- olics of Alabama and Georgia, or do you think they are fighting your bat- tles, Catholic men here in Maryland? Catholic Universities Threatened. "There was need of such an organi- zation as the National Council of Catholic Men in those days when the Catholic Sisters were arrested in Florida. Where were our Catholic men ,then? Disorganized and silent in a state of quietude. I want it clearly understood tonight that I am heart and soul in this organization. If this organization does not succeed in Maryland and in this Archdiocese, then the blame must rest some place else than on the narrow shoulders of your Archbishop. Be awake, men! Be alert. Look around youI There are plans on foot to enact laws plac- ing the power in a committee of nine to declare what universities shall give degrees. That law is aimed at our Catholic institutions of learning. Oh, yes. it is easy to say nothing, to be apologetic, to be a pussy-footer,,but no man who is worthy of the dignity of Catholic, who esteems his rights as American citizen will keep quiet. Must Live For Country. "Our Catholic men have fought and bled for this country and maxy of them have died for this country. All of us worthy the name of Americans are ready to bleed and fight and die for this country if the country needs us. There is another duty we have the duty of living for our country. The Catholic Church will never inter- fere in politics in this country, but this country can well absorb into its national life the principles of its Catholic citizens, the principles of Jesus Christ, the principles of honesty and clean living and of unyielding justice." $230,000 FOR HIGH SCHOOLS RAISED IN THREE-WEEK CAMPAIGN Altoona, 4.A remark- ably successful campaign for funds to build Catholic high schools in this city and in JohnstoWn has just been concluded and Bishop McCort has an- nounced the purchase of sites and his expectation of opening the schools in September. When the Bishop asked for $200,- 000 for this special purpose doubt was expressed in some quarters, as both cities have suffered to a certain ex- tent from business depression in the last year. So active was the cam- paign, which was stimulated by friendly rivalry of the two cities, that in three weeks $230,000 was sub- scribed, more than 60 per cent of this amount being turned in in cash. Of this total, Altoona contributed $128,- 000. CHARLESTON'S NEW CATHOLIC HIGH SCHOOL IS BLESSED BY BISHOP (st s. c. ,m,, c. s|ml |It!vies) Charleston, S. C., March 3,-- Charleston's new Catholic high school, bearing the name of Right Rev. John England, first Bishop of this diocese, is now ready to take care of the in- creased attendance of pupils which made it necessary. The building, which is architecturally attractive and of modern arrangement and equip- ment, was erected at a cost of more than $56,000. The new building was opened to the public a few days ago. Right Rev. William T. Russell, Bishop of Charles- ton, blessed the building and deliv- ered an address to the large gathering which attended the exercises. He said that when he first proposed to build a new high school for $36,000, he was told it was impossible. ' ] Bishop Russell praised the work of] Rev. Joseph O'Brien, to whom he said] much of the credit for the new school I belonged. - ] Little Rock, Arkansas, Saturday, March 11, 1922 ........ f._ ........................................... HANFORD MacNIDER Commander American Legion :,ssociated Press: Asked to :Explain*"Zibel on Chur00'h WELFARE COUNCIL'S GENERAL SECRETARY WRITES TO ASSOCIATION'S MANAGERBIGOT NATION'S NEW ATTACKHIS OUTRAGEOUS SLANDERS GIVEN PUBLICITY BY A. P. AFTER HE HAD ADMITTED ORIGINAL LIBEL. (|' e. . M. S. If|MS |||,IS|} Washington, D. C., March 4.--In a dispatch sent out from Washington by the Associated Press reporting the substance of a .letter written by Gil- bert O. Nations, editor of "The Pro- testant," to Hanford MacNider, Com- mander of the American Legion, sev- eral slanders previously published by Nations concerning the Catholic Church are repeated and the addi- tional false charge is made that "the Roman Catholic Church was in part responsible for the World War." In a slip sent by Nations to read- ers of "The Protestant" prior to the appearance of the Associated Press dispatch from Washington, he re- tracted his false statement that Mr. MacNider is a Catholic upon which the editor of the anti-Catholic pub- "Referring to Mr. MacNider's ad- miration for the Roman Catholic Church, as expressed in his letter, Mr. Nations ,however, said that he could not share tlmt admiration until that Church 'expiates the terrible ruin it has heaped on Mexico, South Amer- ica, Spain and Hungary.' He charged that the Roman Catholic Church en- aged in politics and was in part re- sponsible for the World War." When this dispatch came to the at- tention of Rev. John J. Burke, C. S, P., general, secretary of he National Catholic Welfare Council, he wrote to the General Manager of the Asso- ciated Press pointing out that while its representative in Indianapolis had suppressed several paragraphs of Commander MacNider's letter n which the latter rebuked Editor Na- lication had founded several libelous tions and characterized his "propa- charges, among them one that the ganda" as "a menace to America and Commander had been "maneuvered" America's institutions," its Washing- by "Rome" to a place at the head of ton office had given circulation to the American Legion. Nations' sins- further fals and libelous charges ders against Commander MacNider which Nations uttered against the and the Catholic Church were pub- Catholic Church although he had pre- lished in the February issue of "The viously admitted the falsity of his Protestant." statements respecting the head of the The Associated Press dispatch from American Legmn. Washington, in which Editor Nations' "--" letter to Commander MacNider and CHIPPEWA PRIEST his further libels of the Catholic PREACHES IN GERMANY Church were given currency was in full as follows: "Washington, Feb. 25.--Gilbert 0. Nations, editor of 'The Protestant,' which is published here, declared in a letter tonigilt to Hanford MacNider, National Commander of the Ameri- can Legion, that he was 'as uncom- promisingly.opposed to anything even bordering on religious intolerance as you or any one could be.' The letter was in reply to one from Mr. Mac- Sider which made a plea for religious tolerance. "The March number of 'The Pro- testant,' Mr. Nations added, would carry a full statement of the matter. 'As to the valor of Roman Catholic soldiers in the World War,' ha said, 'there is no question,' and he added that 'no citizen has or could have more respect for the ex-service men and the Legion than I have.' (ST S. S. S. SLIMS |ItS1!K} St. Louis, March 7.The Rev. Philip Gordon, a Catholic Chippewa priest and perhaps the only full- blooded Indian who can deliver an ad- dress in the German language, preached in both German and English last Sunday at the Church of the Holy Trinity, where he made an ef- fective appeal for aid in missionary work among the Indians. The Rev. Joseph F. Lubeley, pastor of the Holy Trinity, was a student at Innsbruck, in the Tyrol, when Father Gordon studied there. The Indian missionary is appealing for aid in building a chapel for the Chippewas in North. ern Wisconsin and it was announced that a donation of $100 was given b students of Kenrick Seminary. PATRONIZE OUR ADVERTISERS. Number 39 Educators Opposed to Federalization of Schools DEPARTMENT OF SUPERINTENDENCE OF N. E. A. QUALIFIES PREVIOUS INDORSEMENT OF STERLING- TOWNER BILL--REPRESENTATIVES OF 8,000 MUNIC- IPAL AND COUNTY SCHOOL HEADS DECLARE STATES SHOULD NOT ACCEPT PROPOSED NATIONAL AID. {st s. . . . lt! sfsrlc[) Chicago, March 4.mQualifying a previous indorsement of the Sterling- Towner bill providing for the creation of a federal department of education and the appropriation of $100,000,000 by the National Government for an- nual subsidies to the States, the De- partment of Superintendence, one of the big organizations of the National Education Association in session here this week, adopted a new declaration opposing federal control of state schools. The Department of Super- intendence, represents a membership of 8,000 men and women at the head of municipal and county schools. The new resolutions declared that the state which courts federal control with the object of obtaining financial support from the National Govern- sent "should be degraded to a terri- torial status." Amendment or repeal of the Smith- Lever and the SmithHughes acts (which concern vocational education financed in part by the Federal Gov- ernment) is demanded in the resolu- tions because, it is contended, they violate the principle of state control of education. Decided Change of Sentiment. This change of attitude on the part of the Department of Superintend- ence with respect to the Sterling- Towner bill was not the only blow given to the scheme for federaliza- tion of education. There were several attacks one the policy by individual speakers, and a change of sentiment was apparent among many delegates to the convention of the National Edu= cation Association, which heretofore has given the Sterling-Towner bill its approval and advocacy. Alexander Inglis, professor of edu- cation at Harvard University, was one of those who made vigorous at- tacks on the measure. Professor Inglis declared that "all act provid- ing for federal subsidies in aid of education carry with them the dyna- mite of federal participation in the control of education and the deter- mination of educational policies." "When that bomb explodes," Pro- fessor Inglis continued, "it will be of little service to have their advocates protest that they did not know their measures were loaded. The 'fifty- fifty' policy is one of the most subtly dangerous inventions of modern poli- tics, at least as far as education is concerned." The indorsement of the "principle" of the Steriing-Towner bill coupled with a denunciation of the practice proposed in the measure, is, it is un- derstood, the best the proponents of federalization and centralization of education control could obtain from the N. E. A. in the face of the stub- born fight made against the whole scheme by leading educators. The declaration of the Department of Superintendence on the question of federal aid suggests the need of lib- eral aid from the district, country, state and nation, and then continues: Federal Aid for Education Bad. "The practice of granting federal subsidies for education is not only bad government policy and bad education- al policy; it is also bad economy pol- icy. It would seem to be a principle of practical finance that wastefulness in the expenditure of public funds is in direct proportion to the remote- ness of the appropriating agency from the source of supply. On the whole communities are less wasteful than counties, counties less wasteful than states, and states far less wasteful than the federal government. Peo- ple can see the uses to which is put money taken from them for expendi- tures within the community; but they lose all sense of responsibility and sometimes all conscience when it comes to the matter of federal funds. The wastefulness of the federal gov- ernment, evjen in matters with which it is primarily concerned and in which] acts directly, has become prbverbial. ] "Inally it may be stated that most I federal subsidies for education are J essentially unfairunfair not because they operate to equalize the burdens of educational support, but because they fail utterly to accomplish that end or even to attempt it. In the past federal subsidies have had no rela- tion to ascertained needs of the sev- eral states nor to the extent to which states have exerted themselves to provide for educational development.'" HISTORICAL RECOIDS HIGH-WATER MARK Washington, D. C., March 5.A high-water mark in the compilation of data concerning Catholics who served under arms during the war was reached by the Bureau of His- torical Records of the National Cath- olic War Council in February when the names of 12,302 men from differ- ent parishes throughout the United States were received. The diocese of Cleveland, Ohio, and that of Spring- field, Mass., led in the number of names furnished. The tabulation marked an increase of more than fifty per cent over the January figures when slightly over 6,000 names were furnished. Director Daniel J. Ryan expects that the recent stimulation given the campaign in many parts of the coun- try will shortly bring the number of names received up to 20,000 each month. PROTESTANT SCHOOL ACTIVITY IN SPAIN AROUSES CATHOLICS AMY e, $. S, SLIMS sseYNHI Salamanca, Spain, Feb. 22.--The Protestants have recently opened schools for boys and girls in the vicinity of this city. On account of the lack of adequate facilities for the Catholic schools, a fairly large num- ber of pupils registered at the girls' school, where they are being taught doctrines openly hostile to the Cath- olic Church. The Accion Catolica de la Mujer, the most important organization of Catholic women in Spain, has met the situation by purchasing the former college of San Jose, opposite the Pro- testant school, and will shortly open it as a Catholic school for girls under the patronage of Mary Immaculate. Great satisfaction has been ex- pressed by Catholic parents, and many pupils have already left the Protest- ant school while waiting for the open- ing of the Catholic school. N. E. A. ISLTOLD RELIGIOUS TRAINING IS VITAL TO SOCIETY (ST M, . . . MES S|RVICS) Chicago, March 4.Religious mo- tives must be substituted for selfish, ness, and children must be made to constitute a new society, or the pres- ent machinery of civilization will break down, Henry F. Cope, of Chi- cago, told the department of super- intendence, National Education Asso- ciation, in an address delivered he this week. "Unless we can train children in the religious motives of living all our legislation and all our social regula- tion will completely fail," Mr. Cope declared. "And unless we can change human life from selfishness to social good our machinery of civilization will break down. There never will be a police force big enough to suppress banditry in a city unless you can out- law it in the wills of the citizens. You cannot regulate folks into right- eousness. "The war broke down traditional morality, and we had built up nothing to take its place. Young people' are not worse than they were, but they are like the rest of us, without moral compass in a time of rough seas." If Jesus and Mary love us, and so tenderly, ought we not love them in return, and promise that we will nevei- grieve them by commission of sin? r !!i; : C'