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Arkansas Catholic
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March 10, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 10, 1923

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'" ..... PAGE FIVE services in settling industrial disputes a memorial window in stained glass NOTE has heen installed in his honor ill the city of Cork. When he left Ireland several thousand people gathered to E. McGuire, pay him honor. the Institute of Father Thomas's proposals for made a Knight peace in Irehmd were made last Sep- the Great tember apd based upon the appoint- went of a joint committee to which according to here from Rome. arms would be surrendered. They distinguished as an were rejected by the Free Starers. and and Another noted Irish Capuchin secretary priest, Iather Dommlc: is now labor-, [can High ing on the Pacific Coast having been under Secreta- appointed to a post in Oreron. of the U.S. 1)r. David Sherman, In this post he a well known physician of Brooklyn, about various N. Y., has embraced Catholicism. tie and copyright ar- was baptized by the Per. Timothy Latin-American Hickey, rector of St. Brendan's church. Dr. Sherman, started well as with con- a Catilolic. when he became a god- cxecutiug the father on the same evening. Wesley connection with Sherman, a son of a fel'.ow doctor, had of the School of a chiht baptized on the same evening Georgetown Uni- and Dr. Sherman "steed up" for it. spirit in the Sex-Centen- F. Adalfo Muller-Ury here last year. Re- no'.ed portrait painter, has been dec- cons derab'e at- e" . orated with the Order of Knight of St. Cath:l,: ou,t::00:vser'e: Gregory the 00roat by l00ope I'ius Will  .. aers Oi laccor(iing to an announcement made shortly De is-. i ( 1 ,,+.., ,, . .. here. Mr. Mullel-Uly pa nte t a po'- trait of Iope l)lUS last summer, l-re Belloc . ] had previously clone portraits of E .... Iope Pros X and Pope Benedmt XV. ngllsn writer, is lecturing on the civilization. Archblsbop Khouri of Tyro will come to New York soon to visit grouped under Maronite llomart Catholics, having Y of dogmatic in Islam, and the: been delegated to do so by the Patri- arch of Antioch. He will visit all social classes "of i the!cities in the United States wliere gather from , there are adherents of the Maronite of Mr. Belloc's lec - rite. any reason for the This will be his second visit. Three is a Catholic and years ago he came as the first Syro- Maronite Archbishop Apostolic Extra- ' Chesterton's re- , , erdinar. to visit tlus countr). While to the CathliCIhere he celebrated Mass at St. Jo- religionSin the are as po- I seph's Maronite church, Washingtol I affairs of j street, of which the Roy. Francis Wa-[ ahd Catholic eul-! , kim is rector. | reinforced by The Archbishop is 60 years old and: THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH I0, 1923 TEXAS MINISTERS OPPOSE DIVORCE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Fort Worth, Texas, March 5.-- Ministers of the Tyler Pastors' associ- ation, which comprises every minis- ter in the City of Tyler, southeast of Fort Worth, have agreed to decline to perform the nmrrlage cerem.ny where one or both parties have been divorced "except as the party or par- 'ties were divorced for the scriptural cause expressed in the Word of God." The alarming increase i divorce and tile number of homes broken up as a result, the ministers say, i "wrecking the family unit and there- hy the nation." The warning sounded to the citi'.,,eu of Tyler and carried in northern Tex- as papers declared lhat ",he numbe:' who thilk lightly of wedded llfe and treat it as a contract to be brok,.n up at the will of one or bo:h parties is steadily increasing." The eeremon, of marriage is calh d a "holy and honorable esta'.e ins.[lut- ed by God at the time of" man's :'nno- cence." .MEMOIUAI CltURCII TO FATHER VAUGHAN (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, March 4.--A memorial central school for students of eleven poor parishes in London's East End is to be erected in honor of he late Fa- ther Bernard Vaughan and wi'l ,erve to perpetuate the work to which lie devoted so great a portion of his life. Cardinal Bourne. Lord Fitzalan and other distingui:hed Catholics are pa- trons of the new school. Father Vaughan had a parish in the East End for twenty years. There, in a tiny lodging he rented, he cooked his own meals and served the poor. He helptd the humble homes of Whitechapel and aided thousands of children who were indebted to him for summer outings. On one occasion he took two hundred pushcart peddlers to spend an afternoon with the Duch- ess of Ncwcastel at Woodford. said, Prussia, was born in Mount Lebanon, Syria. influence, tie has been a priest for thirty-seven With Catholic Ba- years and an Archbishop since 1906. Serbia had His diocese includes many toxms and EARLY .JAPANESE of villages in Palestine, besides the city I CHRISTIANS BOOKS had heen of Tyre. He is a fine pulpit speaker I AND GARMENTS FOUND Italy had shown of Catholicism, and a well known author. Catholic country, (By N. C. W. C. News Service) "the war. Addison Lusk, Ossining, Feb. 26.--A large hum- for some graduate of Georgetown University ber of documents, books, and personal skepticism,  and prominent member of the Knights effects relating to early Christian,.- height I of Columbus, has been appointed fed- tivities in Japan, the property at one s, but I eral prohibition enforcement director I time of Prince Mitsukuni Tokugawa, now that to be. for the State of Montana, according has been found by Marquis Tokujun is to be old- to an announcenmnt made here. Mr.'Tokugawa and will be given to the has "grow- Lusk is the son of Mr. and Mrs. Tokyo and Mitt) museums. The works It has Charles Lusk of Washington, D. C.. I will be of great value to students in the Catholic and his father has served for nearly of Christian history in Japan. might say the fifty years as Secretary of the Bu-, Christian things were burned and Iadtan Missions, lns ;he communion is reau of Catholic " . "'" . ""'i believers prosecuted during tile time including the social o tn to say that Ca- field of activity ' "' '' , f Prince Mitsukuni 'okugawa, who stronger and educational and eco)mmic welfare of died in 1651, and the Shogun secured, but that the I the Indians as well as their religious [ this collection from the things seized culture, and interests. The new appointee served in all parts of" the coulltry. After Catholic Church, I two years in the Montana legislature, l using it as reference material for his [ , " , . to increase. [ He was formerly in the employ of "History of Glea t Japan,' the Prn)ce schism between the U. S. Reclamation Service, assist- carefully stored iaway in sealed cah-[ branches of ing in irrigation projects on the Flat-] inets in a warehouse iu Mite, and " head Indian reservation. [ there, after 300 e ' y ars obscurity, it of ctogmatic tell- ] was recently found hy the t)reselt Mr. Belloc CATHOLICS' BIBLE head of tile Mite Tokugawa family, it he sees noth- MAY WIN PROTESTANTS Marquis Tokujun. The reason for the on. It DECLARES MINISTER secret hidiug place was the fear that of the poor, he the documents might disseminate unhappy con- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Christian truth among people. Among the boks is a copy of file l,ondon, Feb. 21.--The possibility of Bible written in Romaji whi:.h repre- Peoples of Islam i Protestants being brought back to the sents the original sound of LI,e lap- ,t, tlmt ill India,! Bible by means of the revised version anese language. This Bible i. olte of the people is are!a I being l)repared at the Vatican, is a "only two such copies of the Scrip- Mr. Belloc] sentiment entertained by tile Rev. tures, the other being owned by Bar- Chadwick, President of the Free on hvasaki. Among the l)e:':onal el- thinks, has the Church Council. i fects are peculiar religious gal.ment With this situa- This Nonconformist divine declared[ which were worn by the Japanese the largest part how to deal at a public meeting that he has no (hristians at the time of the Am:t- sympathy u ith personal anti private kusa rebellion. great necessity in translations of the Sacred Scriptures. Sew influence to "I am keenly interested in the new is for a new version in course of preparation by between the the Roman Catholic Church ..... I - have a deep conviction that tile Bible that the is coming to its own again, after forty is as seri- years of sterile labor." religion, for he Later in the same speech the Prot- there is a estant divine wondered whether Prot- contented and estants may be recalled to the sacled commu- Book through the enterprise of the Work,,, said Mr. i Catholic Church. "God, he concluded, "is a God of humor." is almost no because of the LEGACY TO CHURCH IN BIRTHPLACE OF ENGLISH POF (By N. C. W. C. News Service) London, Feb. 26--Bequests amount- ing in all to about $50..000 have been left for Catholic purposes by Stephen Taprell Holland, Justice of the Peace and a co-founder of Westminster Ca- thedral, who died recently. The l)rincipal legacy is a sum of $30,C00, which is left in trust with the trustees of the archdiocese of We.stminster, fc, r the maintenance of the Church of the Holy Rood in the IIertfordshire tov,'n of Watford. The church, which was designed by Bent- ]ey, the ::rchitcct of Westminster Ca- thedral, was built entirley at the co:;t of Mr. Holland. and is generally re- garded as one of the most beaulifa] specimens of ecclesiastical architec- I ture in the who'e of England. Watford town is par'.icularly i,lter- esting because it was here, at the be- ginning of the 12th century, a veer boy, one Nicholas Breakspear, was born. Educated by the Benedictine monks of the rich and powerful St.] Alban's Abbey, hc entered the Church, became subsequently Cardinal Break- spear, and finally ascended the Papal Throne as Pope Adrian IV in 1154 the first and only Englishman who became Pope. Under the will of Mr. Holland, Car- dinal Bourne receives a legacy of $10,- 000 for schools and missions in his diocese, and a further $2,500 towards the completion of Westminster Ca- thedral, of which Mr. Holland was a generous behefactor (luring his life- time. Other legacies go to Catholic missions aud charities. "JESUIT SCIENTIST . ON VISIT TO INDIA (By N. C. W. C. News Service) I Calcutta, Feb. 2.Among the re- I cent visitors to India was the Rev. Jose AIgue, S. J., director of the Ma- nila Central Observatory and distin- I)R. ELIOT 'rELI,S OF PLAN FOR A COIIRSE OF ETHICS IN THE PUBLIC SCHOOLS (By N. C. W. C. News Service) New York, Feb. 26.Exclusion of training in ethics fron the public hools is deplored by Dr. Charles W. Eliot, President Emeritus of Harvard University, in the course of an arti- cle entitled "An Assay of American Democracy," which appears in the latest number of the New York Times "Current History." l)r. Eliot l)oints out the need of ed- ucational t'cform and indicates several improvements which he declares are in the minds of thinking people. He writes: "Doubtless the most important of all these improvements in the public schools is the intro(luction of sound instruction in tile principles and aims of universal ethics. The present ex-  clusion of training in ethics from all [public schools is one of tile most un- fortunate results of the toleration in religion which was embodied in the Constitution of the United States and of the nmltiplicity of religious and Christian sects strongly represented in the American Commonwealth. A feasible mode of giving instruction in universal ethics in the free school is yet to be invented. ] "Several experiments on this sub- ject are ah'eady being tried; but none of them promising, and particuhu'ly none of then is likely to take any [ effect otl that large proportion of the American population which remains unchurched. The problem is to select a body of material for ethical ,in- struction which Roman Catholics, tixe various Protestant denominations and the Jews can agree upon for use in tile schools, this material to include selections from the Scriptures, stories, fables, hymns and other poetry, dranm and music. "Self-appointed committees in vari- ous parts of the country are already at work on this problem; and there is no ,better field for philanthropic aud patriotic endeavor." CATHOLIC MISSIONS IN INDIA OUTSTRIP I'ROTESTANT EFFORTS guished as the inventor of the famous bare-cyclometer by which storms may be foretold not only in the Phil- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) ippines but throughout the whole Calcutta, Feb. 2.--Statistics from Orient, iseveral important Indian fields el Father Algue was at Goa for "rim missionary endeavor show that Catho- did not think fear from the Dowling, C,, Who was instru- *less than three that coun- years, and come as close about con- forces in Ire. and will have mission band first at erViees to be giv- ChUrch, East Oak- $5"0,000 GEORGETOWN HOSPITAL DON ATION (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Washington, March 2.A promi- nent Washington woman who desires that her name be withheld from publi- cation, has donated $50,000 to the Georgetown University Hospital. The gift was made through .the George- .n town Endowment Association. This donation, it was announced, will enable the hospital to clear up the remaining indebtedness of the new nurses' home. Tile State can only give for eco- l.omic reasons . . ., while the Church gives for the love of God, and the love of God never yet destroyed Thomas's any man's self-respect. I exposition of the body of St. Francis Xavier and has visited several other important Indian cities. The Central Observatory' of Manila, which he directs has, in different parts of th'e island, 117 stations and includes a seismic division, a meteoro- logical division and an astronomical division. These three divisions are di- rected respectively by the Jesuit Fa- thers Maso, Coronas and Comellas. There are 176 people employed as cal- culators and observers by the Cen- tral Observatory and its branches. One man, after a glance at a frag- ment of bone, will reconstruct Her- cules; another, after the entire skele- ton stands before him, will even then question Whether it is Hercules at all. lic missionaries who started work la- ter than Protestants can show a much greater number of conversions and of religious institutions established. Ranch[ is one mission center that may well serve as an illustration. The German Lutheran and another Prot- estant evangelical society have been working there since 1845. The Angli- cans were established there ill 1869. Catholics entered the field as late as 1886. But the present statistics show that the Catholics outnumber the members of all the Protestant denom- inations combined. Stronger still, ow- ing to the large number of institutions erected there, including churches, schools md orphanages, Ranch[ has come to be known as "Catholic Ran- ch[." KLAN DEFEATED .......... -t AT CITY ELECTION [BOOKSrof INTEREST[ I / .... - .... ..--...-4 !ByN. C.W.C. News Service) ] An esrnest history stu;::7:.s told El Paso. Texas, March 5.The Ku once by a history professor in a large Klux Klan received a decided set back in the municipal election last week, when a ticket headed by Sena- tor R. M. Dudley as candidate for mayor, was overwhelmingly victori- ous at the polls. The Dudley ticket, which was opposed by a full Klan ticket, made its fight on an anti-Klan basis, Senator Dudley taking for his slogan the words of the late Pre.d- dent Theodore Roosevelt that "this [ country will not be a good place J;or any of us to live in unless we make it a good place for all of us to live 'in." [ Leading professional and busine=s !men, backed Senalor Dudley at the polls. NEW CANA MARRIAGE PICTURE CONDEMNED (By N. C. W, C. News Service) New York, March 5.Abraham Baylins0n, secretary of the Society of Independent Artists, will appear in the Jefferson Market Court next Men- clay to answer charges that a paint- ig entitled "The Marriage at Cana of Galilee," ill which William J. Bry- an, Andnew J. Volstead and William 1:I. /nclerson are prominent figures, is sacrilegious, and that its display constitutes a violation of the penal statute pertaining to improper pic- tures. Critics h;tve identified one figure, which is shown clutching the Master by the shoulder, as Volstead. Bryan is shown overturning a jug of wine and Anderson stands at the doorway look- i ing on approvingly. ] The picture, the work of J. Francis Kaufman, has been on exhibition for the past two weeks. Charges that its exhibition was a violation of the penal code were made by detectives who viewed the painting and who declar- ed that it was sacrilegious. "Whatever nmy be anyone's reli- gious convictions, there can be no doubt that the painting is objection- able and should come down." declared Magistrate Oberwager. Balinson, summoned into court, disclaimed responsibility for the pic- ture, saying the society was obliged to hang every picture for which the [ university, never to read history that was stupidly written, for there wele ]too many fascinatingly written his- i tories to spend one's time oil a s;upid one. He need give no such admen[- [ tion about Dr. Paul Van Dyke's "Catherine de Medieis." While many historians sacrifice accuracy to inter- est, the reader has tile feeling abo Dr. Van Dyke's "Catherine de Medi- cis" that accuracy is combined with interest. A look at the preface will :ceward the curious. Its very frankness iu- I rites, and when he tells us "Of ",he 2,686 citations offered as proofs of its narrative, 1,059 are from con(era- . porary docun'ents printed in full in collections of documents or appen- dices to books, 1,013 are from my own transcripts of unprinted mss. in ar- chives, 371 are from histories of :ne- i moirs written by contemporaries, 137 ale from ross. cited by modern au- thors, and 136 are from the text of modern authors," we do not wonder at his stateme{t that he "formed the purpose of writing the history if- i teen years ago, and it has occupied ten years of time not absorbed by class room duties since." Such a wealth of re:earch makes his leaders feel tha he can speak with authority about" Catherine de Medicis--"History's new blown lily," as the New York Times Book :Rev'e)v of Jan. 21 refers to her. "New blown" when compared or viewed in the light of present day laxity of morals. "There is around the popular con- ception of Catherine de Medic[s," so the preface states," a sort of aura of wickedness, so visible that most readers open a book about her with the unspoken question, "Was she as bad as tey say?" and expect the wxter will seep betray himself as either an apologete or a prosecutor. I The writer of this book hopes this ex- pectation will be disappointed. He is far from any desire to defend the character of. Catherine de Mealie[s, 'and equally far from any inerest in at- tacking itl His only desire is to show her as she was, and he leaves the reader to decide about the wicked- ' ness. He wants to draw a portrait, not to pronounce a judgment," and usual hanging fee of ten dollars had[ iu drawing a portrait of Catherine been paid. de Medicis he gives us a splendid l(atffman, tbe artist, said he had picture: of the times and "the public thousands of reproductions of the pic- events in which for thirty years she Lure stored away, which he had been was dnvolved," but the attemp has endeavoring to dispose of for one don, been to let the reader see them as far htr and that failing to dispose of these as possible from "the center of her he would have to go back to Fravce. life outward." i As a result the "Great European Convulsion',' as he calls the Reforma- I{I':LIGION NECESSAIt, Y TO NATION'S WELFARE, tion, the Massacre of St. Bartholomew and other historical VICE-PRESIDENT SAYS happenings, which have too frequently been d|s- torted by historians have been pre- sented in fairness. These are the chapters that rivet the attention of Catholic readers. He would not have us lose sight of the three great causes of "the huge convulsion of European society. First, the perception very widespread mnong active minded men of the deep corruption of ecclesiasti- (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Syracuse, N. Y., Feb. 23.That the principles of religion form the foun-I dation of government and civilization  and that this is proved by a study of the career of George Washington, was the assertion made here yes.rday by i Vice President. Coolidge hl a tribute to the first President. cal institutions. Second, the intellec- Religion the l,'oundation ]tual movement spoken of as the Re- "The example of Washington wilt never be outgrown," said Mr Cool-" naissance. Third, the advance in the process of the formation of national feeling or patriotism." "The fact of the corruption, thought it would un- doubtedly in time have produced re- form, would not of itself have pro- duced the great schism, between and southern christianity which is usually, and by a narrow, unprecise use of the word spoken of as The Reforanation." To quote Maurice Francis Egan's review of Dr. Van Dyke's book, "The . treatment of the causes that led to I the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, the blackest blot in the history ef France during the RenaisSance, will give satisfaction to readers of diverse prejudices. What seemed to be a pure question of religion was, at the time, very well understood to be a question I of politics." I Mr. Egan's review will send us in fluick pursuit of the book, for he I says "Dr. Van Dyke's history is not l pre-digested pap intended for those ' who run and read which often has the effect of making us read and run." Without sacrificing tTuth,' he has cleared the eomplicated background and he has given us a thoroughly readable and intbresting history of Catherine de Medieis and her time. C. Pontifical Association, and its inter- national headquarters have been mov- ed to Rome. The international Coun- cil which is to h01d its first meeting ext month is composed of represen- tatives from the various,countries of the world, which contribute substan- tial sums to the missionary work of the Catholic Church. The Society helps to' support more than fifteeri thousand lart of the world. idge "He was a great exponent of the moral force of his time. He was and is a great teacher. He molded into the institutions of government the reli- giou principles of the people. It was that power which gave him greatness and his work completeness. Thrgugh- out its historical development reli- gion has supplied the oundation of government. Its teaching has always been finally on the side of liberty and justice, established through the main- tenance of the orderly processes of law. "This is pleeminent!y true of our American political system. It found its inspiration, it had its beginning in the religious beliefs of men who set- tled our countrY(. If it is to endure, it will be through the spirit of men of like mind and character." M ISSIONARY SOCIETY TO MEET 1N ROME MARCH 12-24 (By N. C. W. C. News Sewice) New York, Feb. 26.In a cable dis- patch to the National offices of the Society for the Propagation of the, Faith, 343 Lxington Avenue, New York City, Cardinal Gasparri, Papal Secretary of State, has announced the dates March 12 to March 24, inclu- sively, for the first meeting of the in- ternational Council of that Society since its reorganization by Plus XI. Cardinal Gasparri, in announcing the date for the meeting, also invited the Right Reverend Mopsignor Fret[, the National Director 'of the Society in America, to attend it. Monsignor Freri sailed from New York on Sat- urday, February 24. The Society for the Propagation of the Faith has recently been. made a i \