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Arkansas Catholic
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March 10, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 10, 1923

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PAGE FOUl: DEATH COMES TO [ me a question in his own time I will HON_ W. B. COCHRANI gladly answer. But I must insist on occupying the brief time allotted to (Continued from Page 1) me in placing my own views before which refused to go on record in the the committee. matter. America Always Controlled Justice Mr. Chairman, the task before us, I COCKRAN'S GREAT SEVEN MINUTE SPEECH FOR JUST- ICE TOWARD GERMANY On February 23, Before Congress Speaks on Amendment to "Trading With the Enemy Act"--Held That It .Was Not a Dispute About Own- ership of Property, But a Question of Public and International Policy. Back in the Days of Reconstruction after the Spb.nish-American War, -- when justice unto Cuba and the part which that foster child of ours was to play in the American social indus- repeat, is to determine the course which the American Nation, in the ex- ercise of its sovereignty, will pursue with respect to property taken from nationals of an enemy conquered in battle, prostrate and helpless at our l'ect. What disposition will we make of t? Our conclusion, whatever it may oe, there is none to question or dis- pute, at least none who can question it to any effect. We have Germany by the throat; in a grasp so firm that he is utterly incapable of resistance. But thcre is one force fhat has al- ,nays controlled America in the excr- THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 1923 be destroyed or confiscated. (Ap- 1 plause.) t OREGON FEARS POPE Immunity of private property in [ MORE THAN IT FEARS war will be endangered, if not de-I strayed, should this property be with- held from its ovnaers, under any pre- tense or for any length of time, now that peace is restored. Extend Principles of Humanity The late war has wiped away nmch of the progress which civilization has made in robbing conflict of its worst barbarities. Let us at leat hold fast that which remains. Le us not suf- fer anything to impair the full meas- ure of security which every private individual Should enjoy in the pos- session of his property. The Ameri- can peaple have.ahvays strugg'.cd to ex[en(l these principles of humanity. us not suffer anything to be done here which will not merely impede the cour.;e of that beneficent tide GOD SAYS NEWSPAPER (By N. C. W. C. News Scrvi'ce) Salem, Ore., March 4.--A scathing editorial denouncing the bigotry that prevails in the preent Stae ture is published by the "Capitol Journal" of th:s city. The "Capitol-JoUrnal" says: "Oregon may no longer be a God- fearing state, but there is no doubt of its being a pope fearing state, and the papel dread which dominatcd die recent election is reflected in every act of the legislature. No one knows what this supcrstitious session will accomplish outside of e:tabl:shing its ecclesiastical independence, by hurling trial and financiN life, was a national question, the voice of Burke Cockran crying for justice for Cuba from the platform in Carnegie Hall, New York, was heard all over the land and with such a pronounced approval,' that the justice he so eloquently pleaded, be- came an enactment of Congress a short time after, and gave to us our present beneficent relations with the people over whom we placed the flag of freedom by our valor, our money and our b:ood. Cockran pleaded for Cuba free, but with a freedom of just- ice to deal with us and to be dealt with by us, as became a sovereign na- tion The justice of Cockran turned the tide of public opinion .and Cuba c;une in for its own. Again Pleads for Justice __ Three weeks ago Congress was ar- .gtdng on the title and rights of Ger- man nationals in the disposition of what is termed alien property under the "Trading of the Enemy Act (H. R. 14222). The House was in com- mittee of the Whole House when Mr. Cockran of New York took the floor in behalf of the inviolability of the Hght of private property under in- ternational law. Congressional Report The Guardian, as a tribute to the omemry of Burke Cockran as a lover of justice, presents a few of his sa- lient utterances regarding the prop- erty taken from the German pegple. We cull the following from the Con- gressional Record of Feb. 24, 1923: Mr. COCKRAN. Mr. Chairman, I hesitate to the floor at this mo- ment, it being quite impossible in seven minu'tes to explain with any degree of clearness the reasons which impel me with all the energy at my command to support the amendment offered by the gentleman from Texas (Mr. Rayburn). But in these few minutes I may he able to state the issue before us, as I understand it, even though l am denied sufficient time to make clear the momentous consequences which in my opinion will follow our action on it. International Policy " ise of its sovereignty. And that jtstice--.justice as the Christian rove-. ;alien has established iL A condition has now arisen in which we must be governed either by the-e American principles and traditions of justice or revert to the ruthless meth- ods which governed war under a'.l oth- er civilizations; the methods ofvae vic'is, woe to the vanqukhed. Pure!y Confiscation Why is the return of all this prop- erty not feasible? Because. forsooth, hJse gentlemen believe that the Rep- re.entatives in Congrezs of the Ameri- can people--the depositaries of Am- erican sovereignty--can not be in- duced to do full justice, while they may be persuaded or cajoledinto de- cbarlng a 10 per cent dividend on just- ice. Surely it must be obvious that if Congress or the American people ba,e the Hght to hold the property even for a week after the establish- 'ment of peace, they can hold it for a century. Holding it for any purpose, for any length of time beyond which regard for the public sec{arity re- quires, is an exercise of ownership over it. And that is confiscation, even though the confiscator may choose aftemvards to return a pat of it. Right of Priv.ate Property The establishment of the general principle of the inviolability of the right of private property under inter- national hw is as important to inter- aational trade as was the inviolability :f private property secured by the Constitution' of the United States to domestic trade. This Government is basing its rc- /'usal to recognize Russia and Meico upon the.failure of the,e Governments Lo respect the rights of property. It is therefore extremely importan':, in rerpect to property situated in the United States which may not per ,flmnce be under the protection of our, Constitution, tla t we scrupulously1 ,dve it the protection which by our as- ertions it ought to have. Treaty Stipulations In the light of its stipulations, ira- This debuts, it seems to me, has lull munity of this property from confis- into the domain of attorneyship ruth- 1 cation is not a question of general in- er than that of statesmanship. We teruational law. It is not even a .are not, I venture to remind gentle-luestion of Christian usage. It is an men, considering a dispute between absolute right, specifically granted individual citizens about ownership of[ and recognized hy this country in a property, but a great question of pub- I solemn treaty negotiated in a time of lic end international policy. We are peace, when each party to it was ab- to determine whether, in disposing )f certain property taken from enemy aliens by this Government we will obey the humane principles by which this civilization has mitigated in some degree the worst horrors of war, or follow the immeasurably harsher methods which all other eivilfzations have sanctioned and maintained. Ob- viously this matter of universal im- portance and capital gravity should :- not be decided according to legalistic methods of interpreting written dou- " meats, but in the high spirit of states- manship which should govern a great nation in the exercise of its so,ler- eignty, The So-Called Treaty :But even on the basis of attorney- ship, I doubt very much whether any gentleman who is a lawyer would in his own conscience attempt to justify an invasion or disturbance of indi- vidual property rights by anything cantained in that so-called treaty with Germany. Sir, that was not a treaty. It was a capitulation. Germany Could Not Refuse Everybody knows that when she ex- ecuted it Germany was in no condi- tion to refuse'any demand made upon her by this country. She was in no sense free to decide her own course concerning the different stipulations ,';  she was i'equired to make. She could : :  but do whatever we prescribed. Aud ' surely I could appeal to my good friend from New York. Judge Demp, his large experience on the to tell us if an agreement af- g property between private par- ties e:torted under such conditions '  , came before him in a court of law : whether he would not interpose the : equitable powers of the cou te for- bic{ enforcement of it. Mr. DEMPSEY. Will the gent!e- " man yield ? Mr. COOKRAN. I can not yield, I have enl'a few mi"nutes. I want to say now th/t ff anybody wants to ask solutely free to accept or reject its !conditions. And a treaty made under such conditions chn not be annulled or dm "placed by the terms of a capitula- tion, a submission, or a surrender by a vanquished country to its conqueror, especially when that conqueror was itself .one of the parties to it. Let Us Prove Christian Civilization But, Mr. Chairman, above and be- yond ell questions of specific agree- ments or treaties is the overshadow- ing importance of guarding and pre- serving what Christian civilization has accomplished in mollifying the horrors of war. Among the most im- portant of these is the immunity of private property from seizure or de- struction. This, together with immu- nity of noncombatants from enslave- ment or death, are the two most im- portant features of the contributions made by Christianity to the civiliza- tion of mankind. Under all ancient civilizations the rule governing war was vae victis. The vanquished was entitled to no consid4ration of any kind. Not merely was all his proper- ty seized but be himself was killed w made captive and sold into slavery. Profound Revolution By making universal the law of chiva}ry which held noncombatants immune front injury to their property, their liberty, or their lives, and which not merely forbade taking the life of a man captured in battle but made protection of his captive from in- jury of any kind the first duty of the captor. Christianity worked a pr 0- found revolution* in the methods of warfare which proved to be of incal-' culable value to the civilization of mankind. And these humane princi- ,le, broadened and confirmed by the .xperience of mankind, became, main- ly under the leadership of Plvneriea, the international law of Christian civilization, that law which has ;for one of its cardinal features the princi- ple that private property mut never i but stop it. and even reverse it. America's Credit, Welfare and Security Mr. Chairman, I am not speaking now through regard for the German anti(reals who are the legitimate own- era of this property, I speak only and ';oleIy for the credit and welfare, aye. for the future safet of the American Nation. She can not directly or in- d:rectly seize or countenance seizure of this private property and main- lain unsoi:ed the glorious record of" successful efi'orts for the humanizing' of war, which she has established for over a century. America has longed passionately to make war infrequent, if she can not wholly end it. Some of our prominent citizens have been heard to urge that we outlaw war. T/:at, indeed, is an extravagant con- .:epfion. War is itself outla,,vry; and you can not outlaw outlawry . any more than it is outlawed ah'eady. But we can hope to hold secure the ad- I winces which have been made in re- ] moving from war many features of its savagery. And one step, a most] important step, in that direction we can take here and now by guarding and prcserving the. rights of these German nationals to this property eized in the last war. At least we, bricks at the religion of l,ome. Taldng a Crack "To take a crack at parochial Schools, the people voted t,) abolish all pl'iw.e schools, no matter how meritorious, regardless of their excel- lent record or the good they )rove (lone and are doing, and one of thc first bills to pass the legislature was that barring religious garb from the public schools from which religion has already been lmnned. Taxation Cracks All "To take a crack :tt a Catholic hos- pital at Eugene, the house of repre- sentatives has passed a bill putting on the tax rolls all the hospitals, col- leges, Y. M C. A.'s and other sec- tarian institutions, while another bill, aimed at a similar hospital in Port- land. mulcts all the first-class hospi- tals in the state. To force he Catho- lic churches to 1)ay taxes, a bill put- ting all church prol)ery on the tax list was defeated by a narrow mar- gin. Crack at Columhus "The house has, to emphasize its 100 per cent l)atriotism, voted to re- peal Columbus (lay as a hal!d-(y--not on tim ground of having too many holidays, which wou]d Ire a wdid ex- cuse, but because Colunflms is the pa- ean see to it that these rights are] (ran of a Catholic society. What sur- not impaired or destroyed by any- prises all is that having ousted Co- thing this }louse will do. (Applause.) COCI(IL%N'S J IISTICE FINALLY EN ACTEI) Washington March ,t.--Coincident u'ith the signing hy I resident Hard- ing of the administration bill for the tel:urn of all alien property trusts of St0,000 and under. Alien Property ,',ustodian Thonaas W. Miller issued :t statement today explaining how, tnider its term. American claims against Germany will he protected. As finally en'xcled, the bill re- leases from the custody of Mr. Miller 9:', per cent of the individual proper- ties seized during the war. CATHOLIC SCHOOL PUPILS OF BROOKLYN WIN ESSAY CONTEST Brooklyn, Mar'. 3.--Several months ago, when the National Headquarters of the American Legion instituted a nation-wide essay contest amongst the school children, public and private, of America on "How the American Legion Can Best Serve the Country" hundreds of essays were submitted by the school children of Brooklyn to the County Legion and after carefu consideration by a special committee, the three considered the best were forwarded-to the State Headquarters of the Legion where from all these so submitted from each county, three were forwarded from each state "COl National Headquarters. I , I m pressed ] the judges who" decided the contest] fnally did not select any of the brooklyn entrants, but the Legion- naires of Brooklyn, principally Coun- ty Commander Edward A. S:mmons, were so impressed by Lhe essays sub- mitted fl'om Brooklyn schools, it was decided that a gold, silver and bronze medal for respective first, second and t.hird prizes should be awarded to the school children of Brooklyn whose essays were 'selected for forwarding to State Legion Headquarters a Brooklyn's Choice. These medal,; were donated by Commander Sim- mons, who personally made the pres-" entations. The three winners dtre from Catho- lic schools. They are a. follows: Bertha Reithmayr, of 691 Rogers ave- nue, a member of St. Brendan's School; Anna Geyer, 878 Woodward Avenue, of St. Matthias School, and Loretto Bradley, of 192 Schenectady Avenue, of St. Matthew's School. Over 2,000 essays were submitted from Catholic and public schools. TO RING FAMOus BELLS BY ELECTRICITY Paris, March 1.--The celebrated bells of Notre Dame Cathedral will hereafterbe rung by electricity. Work: men have already begun installing the electrical apparatus and the task will 'be completed in a few days. lumbus as an imp)ster, that the legis- lature, while it is rewriting school bitory, does not eliminate Columbus :ts discoverer of America and substi- tute Lief Erickson and give us an Erickson holiday, as a effective ex- pression of religious intolerance not witnessed in legislative halls since the days of the 'Know-Nothings.' Not Alarmed at Cracks of Cranks "The Catholic. Church does not seem: particularly alarmed at tim situation, for there has not. been any official protest nor any lobby on hand, arm doubtless it is figured that it will take more than a session of he Oregon legislature to shake the foun- dations of a 2,000 year old institution whose experience has proved that the blood of martyrs is the seed of he Church. Inferiority Complex ol' Oregon "Meanwhile Oregon is getting some fine advertising, which if it does noth- ing else, calls attention to our 'in-I feriority complex,' for if we have not i got ability enough to reduce taxation we can certainly capitalize fmiaticism and safeguard am'selves from tim 'tyrant of the Tiber,' if not from the flesh md the devil. "Consolidation, economy and taxa- tion are all right in their way, but the paramount issue in this session is'to hell with the pope!' " BIRTH CONTROl, BILLS IN N, Y. LEGISiATURE (By N. C. W. C. News Service) Albany, March 2.--Two proposals for changes in laws relating to birth control are before the New York State legislature. The first is design-I ed to supplement federal legislation I on the subject by nmking it a mis- demeanor to print or orally trans fit information relative to birh control. The second proposal would amend Section 1145 of the Penal Law by pro- viding that the furnishing by physi- cians of infornmtion or articles for the prevention of conception wouhl not constitute a penal offense. BIBLE STUDY CItEDITS BILL IS PASSED BY WASHINGTON SENATE (By N. C. W. C. New. Service) Olympia, Wash., March 5.--A bill to allow students in state schools credits for Bible courses taken outside the schools has been passed by the Washington State Senate by a vote of 29 to 12. Senator Myers, in opposing the bill, declared it was the opening wedge o the introduction of the reading of the Bible in the public school, and assert- ed ]ais belief in a clear cleavage'be - tween religion and secular education. The sponsors of the measure declar- ed that it was merely aimed to en- courage the reading and study of the Bible outside school hours. Telegrams are pouring in to legisla- tors from ninny parts of the state urging the passage of the McKinley anti-Klan bill. NOTED COUNSEL NATIONAL ENGAGED TO ARGUE AGAINST OREGON LAW CASE (By N: C. W. C. News Setwice) (By N. C. W. C. Vtashington, March 2.--Wiiliam D. Chicago, Ill., March Guthrie, noted constitutional lawyer convention, at which and writer of books on constitutional all creeds and subjects, has been chosen as chief will be called to counsel to oppose the Oregon anti- tional fight for the parochial school law which was ca- Knights of the Ku acted by popular vote last November. be held in Chicago about Garret W. McEnerney, of San Fran- I result of a conference cite, and Judge John P. Kavanaugh, connection with the of Portland, ()re., will assist Mr. night "all nations Guthrie in the prepar-ttion and con- begun here Monday duct of the case. Mr. Guthrie is now tinued at the Coliseum all in F, urope and during his absense Mr. The opening attack McEncrney is in charge of the case. secret organization was N. Y. Talent Gay. John M. Parker, of As the s(nior member of the New  wire uncovered and is York firm of Gutlu'ie, Bangs, and l Klansmen responsible Van Sinderin, Mr. Guthrie has ar - Rouge nmrders. GaY. Parke!' g'ued some of the most important ed close to 20,000 pcroll cases that have come before the Su- irate the Coliseum. Hc was preme Court of the United States by former Senator LeraY during recent years. The list in- Mississippi. Both of eludes the income tax, the California[ the Klan as an irrigation, thc Illinois inheritance ax, i tion and a menace to the oleomargarine, and .the Kansas  communities and to City stock yards rate cases. In 1907- discipline. [908 he delivere(I a course of lectures at Yale and now holds achair of Con- HOW IRISH NUNS stitutional Law at Columbia Univer- ARE H atty. He is the author of "Lecturcs on IN THEIR the Fourteentb Ametdment to the Constitution"and the 'agna Charta[ "tV , (By N. C.W.C. and Other Essays." Dublin. March Attorney at the lI-'tgue I of Irish women are Mr. McEnerney is one of the most creasingly important prominent attorneys on the i,acific[velopment of the Coast, a graduate of St. Mary's Col-I least among them are lege, San Francisco, a regent of the ties of h'ish religious, Univcrsity of California. and has re- days of St. Brigid, are ceived the degree of D. C. L from the well as spiritual Catholic University of America. pie. In 1902 hc represented the Arch- Nuns' Difficult bishop and l:;ishops of California in The difficulties against' the Arbitration at the Hague be- consecrated women are tween the United States and Mexico to strive, are well regarding the Plus Fund of the Call- work that is being fornis. After the great fire and Sisters of Mercy of St. earthqu-tke of 1906 he was responsi- vent at Spiddal in ble for the passage of the "McEner- which is in the united uey Act" by the California legislature, way and Kilmacduagh. whicb permitted owners of real prop- The convent is erty to restore their- record titles of the world where Gaeli which were lost by the destruction of are still strongest, where pulflic records. Judge I{avan:tugh is preserved the priceless attorney for Archbishop Christie of the Gaelic tongue and Oregon City. lfle, though of the the handsomest in BILL FOR SUNI)AY [most courtly in manner, land. i'ERFORMANCES IN SENATE For Mere NEW YORI( "Such hard work it istence among the rocks (P,y N. C. W. C. News Serivce) writes Sister May AIb.'my, N. Y., March q.--Sunday petter, in describing night performances in all New York nuns are endeavoring tbcatres are authorized and legalized ple are a fine by bill i,troduced in the upper House but there are no by Scanter Meyer Levy of New York a glove factory, and City. Mr. I.evy proposes an amend, be called real land. The meat to a what is known as the. I but there are no boatS. "Blue Law" and applying specifically [ sesses a little galley and to tbeatrical perfornmnces by provid-Ito fish on fine evenings' ing that "the l)rovisions of this sec-'turf is the nearest tion shall not apply to legitinmte (Ira-i industry and some matic or theatrical performances in a good prices for it. But duly licensed theater in a city of tbe have been so hard. first class." I Always In presenting the bill the Senator I "Our sisters came said: "This bill is not only justified ago at the invitation by the popular sentiment of the earn- priest. He had hoped mu[ity hut constitutes a correction of could start some work the unfair discrimination which now I girls of the district, and exists in the matter of Sunday enter- would help conditions tainments. It is difficult to see upon cabin homes. We have what theory of public policy it is ap- hard, but we are always propriate and permissable to render for' lack of something and perl'orm motion picture plays, start. We are anxious vaudeville acts and cabaret perform- have rooms where the mces, aud impolite and immoral to taught knittinga place give theatrical l)erformanccs upon the could possibly develop a legitimate stage." tory for jerseys, scarfs things, and from which or IIREACIt OF PROMISE derive a little income." SUITS LESS FREQUENT Always strivin IN N. Y. IF THIS PASSES After years of strivir -- dalene, despite (By N. C. W. C. Ncws Service) has hopes of success for Albany, March 2.--Breach of prom. The history of her efforts ise suits would become extremely un- tory of many similar profitable under the terms of a bill Irish nuns, which, whil introduced in the New York Stite As- spiritual ideals of the sembly by Representative Hacken- are constantly striving to burg. terial conditions; often in If the bill becomes a law, all mar- land where even riage contracts to be legally binding conspire against the would bave to be in writing and sworn to. Iu actions for breach of promise, CATHOLIC NAMED no damages in excess of six cents woud be awarded except for property ,IN THE actually transferred in consideration of agreement to the contract. Such (By N. C. W. C. Ne'S property could be recovered by the Washington, D. C., party aggrieved, ard Montgomery Tobin cisco, a member of one oldest Catholic MRS. NOLAN PLACED nominated by ON LABOR COMMITTEE American Minister to lands, according to (By N. C. W. C. News Se,wice) made here. Washington, D. C., March 5.--Mrs. Mr. Tobin will Mac Ella Nolan. widow of the late Phillips, now Under Representative John I. Nolan, whom State. The new appO: she succeeded in Congress, has been and treasurer of the appointed a member of the House and Loan Society of Committee on Labor, of which her and prominently late husband-was chairman. Mrs. No- Catholic and civic lan has announced her intention to that city and in devote her. efforts to legislation in resides. He is a behalf of women and children, tius' University'5 S a