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March 6, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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March 6, 1942

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PAGE fIGHT ....... THE GUARD!AN, MARCH 6, 1942 11 'V00ITH.00S.00MISSIONARIES IN BURMA 'Winning The War' Major Problem of U. S. B U "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from Page 1) made us mad, just like coaches make football players, fighting mad. It was a discourse worthy of the great Rockne, who was a master at between the halves bait- ing. One could not but recall that far distant day when a famous Notre Dame eleven had been push-" ed all over the field in the first half by a much inferior team. Be- tween the periods the Irish team was in the dressing room waiting to hear the gret Rockne criticize their play. Instead of doing that, he came in and took one look around and then went out. Once outside he stuck his head in the door and said, "And they call them the fighting Irish. You can have my of them." Needless to say the Notre Dame team came back strong in the second half and won, Ever since Prcmier Hepburn made us mad things have been "popping." Latest reports indicate that the Navy is doing a great job in the second half. At Seattle, Washington, there is a strange case before the state's highest court. The question con- corns the anputation of the arm of an eleven-year-old girl. This case finds the mother opposed to her other children, who are con- vinced that the arm should be amputated. This question concerns the mutilation of the human body. It is legitimate according to the moral law to sacrifice a part of the body in order that life may be spared. The doctors say that unless the amputation takes place the little girl will die in a few years. On her side the mother has tile principle that no one is oblig- ed to use extraordinary means in order to preserve life. Since the child is too young to be a judge in the ease, it seems proper for the parents to render the deci- sion. The father, who is an in- valid, has left the decision to the mother. She has asked the Su- preme Court to prohibit the opera- tion. She seems to be within her rights. The state has a tendency to interfere in an unwarranted manner with matters which axe under the jurisdiction of the fam- ily. This ease is not as certain as it might seem to be. Doctors are not infallible and the mother has a right to her opinion. She thinks that the child can live and later be cured without an operation. People have held out before against the amputation of limlm and later events proved the wis- dom of their judgment. Further- more doctors have been altogether too willing to advise multihttion of the human body when it iS against the rights of individuals and serves no good purpose. Such is the case with sterilization of the unfit and sex perverts, that takes place in some states accord- ing to law and with the approval of medical men. This practice is unwarranted, dangerous, and con- tains inherent possibilities of nny abuses. SO not every thing that is advised bY doctors and has'legal sanction is proper. The family has rights that the state should never invade. ' London Chemists Honor Pontifical Academician Princeton, N. J. (EL--Dr. Hugh Stott Taylor, chairman of the de- partment of chemistry at Prince- ton University and a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sci- ences, has been awarded the Long- staff Medal of the Chemical So- ciety of London, it has been learn- ed here. The medal is conferred every three years upon a fellow of the society "who, in the opinion of the council, has done the most to promote the science of chemis- try by research." A native of St. Helens, Lan- cashire, England, Dr. Taylor came to this country in 1914. He was awarded the Mendel Medal by Villanova College in 1933 and was made a member of the Pofitifical Academy in 1936. He taught at the University of Louvain, Bel- gium, in 1937. God can never be outdone in generosity. Any gift from us to God is rewarded by a grace or supernatural blessing of incom- parable superior value. Emptying ourselves in order to give our- selves completely to God, God an- swers our gift to Him by the best reward imaginable--Jesus in Holy Communion. {IC).--The ne  , to the Hol.Vl, ia, has pre! to His t0.  n a special E : the mem0 predecessor, e rd Attolic0 m t month, i solemnly P! and'  li East of the Burma Road, but ha'v - ing its headquarters on a spur of the Road, is Bhamo Prefecture staffed by missionaries of St. Co- lumban in Upper Burma. In one of the principal towns, Myitkyina (pop. 6,000), north-eastern termi- nus of the railroad from Ran- goon, Roy. Lawrence D. McMa- hon (above) of Chicago. is pas- tor. The American headquarters of St. Columbans Foreign Mission Society is at St. Columbans, Nebr. Photoa_cgurtesy o "FarEafft. U. S. Parish I Has Articles From Erin Shrines St. Patrick, Mo. (EL--An altar Russian Situation Assumes Different Aspect By Elmer Murphy Washington. (N:).--One of the striking effects of the war is the rapidity with which the problems of ,.today become the history of yesterday. It is easily explained. Just at the moment Washington's only objective is to crush the axis powers and restore democracy as a political system throughout the world. Nothing else matters much. There is some desultory discussion about the dangers of inflation, the lowering of the standards of living and the dangers of the spread of Communism, Nazism and Fascism among despair- ing peoples but it does not excite much interest. There is only one thing to be done--to win the war. All other questions are pushed into the background'. Congress does not display much concern over the subversive activities of the Communists, as it once did. The heroic stand of Russia is everywhere acclaimed. Stalin is mentioned as one of the most capable leaders of the present day and Ambassador Litvinov, Noted Canadian Interpreter Of 'Summa' Dead Quebec. (EL--The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Louis Adolphe Paquct, Canadian theologian whose works are in- ternationally known and used is !dead at the age of 82. A noted interpreter of Saint Thomas Aquinas, Monsignor Pa- quet had written in Latin six vol- umes of his Commentaries on the Summa Theologica of St. Thomas, this great work being in use in who negotiated the agreement by which the United States recogniz- ed the Soviet Government, is a popular figure in diplomatic, cir- cles. The Washington attitude is stated with reasonable accuracy by Representative Voohris, of California, a member of the Dies Committee which investigated sub- versive activities, the reports of which were the subject of much comment, favorable and otherwise. IIe said: "Americans would be blind, in- deed, if they did not regard with thankfulness and admiration the courageous defense of Russian soil by Russian armies against the at- stone from Croagh Patrick, a chal- ice" from Lough Derg, and a relic of St. Patrick obtained in Rome are among the possessions of the local parish, where the pastor, the Rev. Francis O'Duignan, plans the erection of a permanent shrine in honor of the Apostle of Ireland in this town which bears his name. The shrine, which Father O'Duignan sees as replacing the present frame St. Patrick's Church would be national in character and would belong to all "the scat- tered children of the Gael." Croagh Patrick is a mountain looking out on the Atlantic Ocean from the southern shore of Clew Bay in County Mayo, and is call- ed "the Sinai of Ireland." Here, tradition says, St. Patrick spent[ the days of Lent in the year 441! many Catholic colleges through- out the world Some indication of its vastness may be gleaned from the fact that each of the six vol- umes runs to 450 pages. Monsignor Paquet also was the author of a work of four volumes having to do with Faith and Rea- son and the Rights of the Church: four volumes of speeches, lectures studies and appreciations; a work ,f two volumes on Sacred glo- I quences; and in more recent years a work entitled In the Evening of Life. The son of a farmer, he made his classical studies at Bedard College of Lotbiniere. He entered the Petit Seminaire in 1872 and was graduated in 1878. In 1833 he had the honor of m prayer and fasting. Pilgrims presenting a thesis before a no- do penance on this mountain, a table gathering at the Vatican, practice which, historians say, dates from the days of th Saint himself. Lough Derg, in the Diocese, of Clogher, is known as St. Patrick's :Purgatory and has been a place of pilgrimage alnost uninterrupt- l edly for 1,000 years. NAZIS (Continued from page 1) stars in the Servlce flag and that establishments of German au- thorities or public institutions, or any object contributing to the work of these authorities or to the public welfare. Penalty for Disobedience c. If .they encourage or pro- voke disobedience to any ordi- nance or regulation issued by Ger- man authorities. d. If they conspire to commit an act punishable under paragraph 2 or 3 or the first three clauses of Paragraph 4; enter into serious deliberation on the subject; of- fer to commit such an action or which included Pope Leo XIII, 20 Cardinals and a number of other intellectual leaders. The Holy Fa- ther paid high tribute to his work, which won for him his doctorate in theology and two medals, one of gold and one of silver, present- ed by the Pope himself. STATUE (Continued from page 1) green bronze and will stand on a powerful block of stone set in the center of the semi-circular niche. The whole structure was con- ceived as serving both a monu- mental and a functional purpose, with neither impaired by the co- existence of the other. Execution of the project has been in the hands of a Commit- tee composed of the Most Roy. Edward Mooney, Archbishop of Detroit; the Most Rev. Samuel A. Strftch, Archbishop of Chi- cago, and Bishop Noll. This committee asked the Li- accept an offer of this kind; or if turgical Arts Society to conduct they have reliable information a competition to determine what about an actioia or an intention sculptor should be entrusted with the danger can still be averted, the making of the monumental tacks of Hitler's legions. Nothing helps America any more than de- feats of Hitler's armies by the Russians, just as nothing could help Russia more than any Amer- ican victory over Japan. But just as we will not seek to interfere with the people of Russia in their affairs of government, so we have every right to insist that no one acting for any foreign system of government shall seek to interfere with ours, be he Nazi, Fascist or Communist." There is a disposition not only to put out of mind the contrasts between Communism and demo- cracy but even to hope that Stalin and his associates may have had a change of heart and have aban- doned the idea of a world revolu- tion to devote all of their energies to driving the enemy out of Rus- sia. Russia, at least is fighting on the democratic side. This natur- ally gives rise to the possibility that the present Russian Govern- ment may have decided to fight with and for democracy, rather than against it, and that some way may be found to reconcile the dif- ferences between the aims of their allies. The obvious inconsistencies [between the Communist and dem- ocratic viewpoints regarding poli- tical freedom and individual rights remain, although they are over- looked in this time of stress. Stalin's Red Army Day speech is regarded in some quarters as i holding out some hope in this respect. He stressed the point that Russia is not fighting the German people but the German war lords who have brought on the world cataclysm. This is consistent with Communism ideology, and is in di- rect contrast with Nazi philo- sophyif it can be called that. Communism professedly draws no distinction between peoples. It speaks in terms of humanity, not of nations or races. Nazism, on the contrary, is, above all, both nationalistic and racial. There is no possibility whatever that it car and fail to inform in time the an- 'figure of Christ. be reconciled with democratic ideals. The two are essentially thor:ties or the threatened per- Instal:at:on in Two Yea i antagonistic. There might be some son. After consultation with the Na- chance ' therefore, that the Com- e. If they are found in illicit tional Sculpture Society and a possession of firearms, hand gre- careful study of the problem, the munist Government of Russia may find a way of accepting some nodes, bayonets, explosives, am- Liturgical Arts Society' has pro- democratic fundamentals. There is munition or any other weapon of pared a program for this competi- war, or if they have reliable in- tion. The finished statue is to be none whatever that the Nazi Gov- :formation that a Pole or a Jew of bronze, 15 feet high from head i ernment could, even if it would, i is in illicit possession of such ob- to feet. It is hoped the statue will conform to them. The gap between l jects and have failed to make ira- be ready for installation in about i Russia and Germany is much wid- er than the gap between Russia i mediate representation to the an- two years. thor:ties. Each of the 76 contestants in the and the democratic allies in the II. competition will be expected to Poles and Jews are also punish- submit a model of his or her con- ed when they violate German ception of Christ, the Light of the penal laws or when they commit World, before June 30, 1942. The an act punishable under the basic models will be judged by a dis- principle of a German penal law!ting uished jury, composed of the in accordance with the special following: Frederick V. Murphy, political exigencies prevailing in 'Head of the Department of Arch:- the incorporated eastern territor-i tecture at the Catholic University ies. of America; Barry Byrne, arch:- III 1. Penalties imposed on Poles and Jews are imprisonment, fines and confiscation of property. "Im- prisonment" means confinement in a prison camp from three months to ten years. In grave cases severe prison camp confinement from two to fifteen years is im- posed. 2. Capital punishment is invok- ed whenever it is provided by the law. Even in cases where the law does not provide for it, cap- ital punishment is to be imposed i wheff the criminal action com- mitted indicates especially base character or when it is particular-! ly grave for other reasons; in these cases capital punishment is also permissable against juvenile of- fenders in serious cases. (less than 16 years: Note of the translator). 3. The minimum term of sen- tence provided by a German penal law or a penalty decreed as com- pulsory may not be reduced with exception of cases where .the crim- inal deed was directed exclusively against the offender's own nation. 4. Any fine which can not be collected will be replaced by im- prisonment for one week to one year. Every visit we make to the Blessed Sacrament can furnish o!o. portunity for a check-up on our progress in meekness. Have we tried to resemble the Master dur- ing the day? In what did we fail and how often. feet and designer of the Church of Christ the King in Cork and the Cathedral in Tulsa, Okla.; Lee Lawrie, celebrated American scul- ptor; Paul Jennewein, sculptoT and medallist, and Gaetano Co- core, Director of the Department of Sculpture, Beaux Arts Institute of Design, New York. First prize in the competition will be $1,500 and a $6,000 con- tract for the execution of the fin- ished full-sized model, from which the final bronze figure can be cast. The second prize is $500 and there will be five third prizes of $200 each. God loves me divinely, su- premely, infinitely every day even as the day and the moment He created my immortal soul. God's love for me is concentrated into the Host of my daily Communion. When I fail to receive I have failed {o reciprocate God's love for me. TO GET RID OF A BAD COLD IN A HURRY TRY S. & B. "SPRATOX" It is Just the remedy to check i/ quickly and If used In time wm often prevent it, and othm: troubles that follow  cold. We are malll it out every day, why can't w ,aail you an outflt---75e complete md guaranteed to satisfy. SNODGRASS & BRA(E --Advertisement. matter of political ideals. There have been some indica- tions that Russian Communism has experienced a change of heart, that Stalin has put aside the idea of a Communist world revolution and is intent only upon develop- ing Russia. The ruthlessness dis- played during the early days of the Communist Government has, for the moment, at least, apparent- ly been abandoned. The partition of Poland, in which Russia shared with Germany, is not so easily for- gotten, in spite of reports that Polish soldiers are fighting with the Red army, but there appears I p, CHARLES M. TAYLOR Lauds Charity And Mercy Of U. S. Hospitals New York. (E). -- Addressing leading clergymen and laymen of the city at a luncheon of the St. Vincent's Hospital Building Fund drive, the Most Rev. Francis J. Spellman, Archbishop of New York, drew a sharp contrast be- tween the charity and mercy with which the sick are treated in this country and the Nazi practice, de- nounced publicly last summer by Bishop August Count von Galen of Muenster, of killing off those they consider "unproductive." On the program with Archbish- op Spellman were former Gov- ernor of New York Alfred E. Smith, Chairman of the Building Fund, and Mayor Fiorello H. La- Guard:a, of New York. Mr. Smith announced that $502,- 102 of the drive's $750.,000 goal had been received. Axchbishop Spellman then revealed that just before he went to the luncheon a donor who desired to remain anonymous had pledged $50,000, bringing the total to date of $552,- 102. "If one admits to principles that unproductive men may be killed," Archbishop Spellman said, "then woe to all invalids! Woe to the sick! In St. Vincent% Hospital and in America it is recognized ti]at life comes from God. It is recognized that in serving the sick one is serving Christ. "By your work in this cam- paign," he told the volunteer workers attending the report luncheon, "you have become part of the patience, kindness and mercy that are daily shown at St. Vin- cent's." Australians Double Aid to Missions In Past 2 Years Melbourne. (E). -- Contributions to the Society for the Propagation of the Faith in Australia have doubled in the past two years, Monsignor James Hannah, Na- tional Director, has announced. This record is the result both of better organization and the realization of Australian Catholics' responsibility for the missions of the Pacific, which have been cut off from European assistance by the war, it was said. Monsignor Hannan said one- fifth of the adult Catholic popu- lation and four-fifths of the Cath- olic children of Australia belong to the Pontifical mission-aid so- cieties. Catholics throughout t h e country also are working intense-I ly in all phases of the war ef- fort. They are particularly en- gaged in affording a full measure  of hospitality to members of the: Allied forces. Among these are Javanese troops. There are many Catholics among the Javanese and their reverence, piety and devo- tion demonstrated at services in the churches are making a great impression upon all classes. Japa- nese :advances in the South Pa- cific have severely disorganized communications between missions in the area, it was stated. An Act of Reparation is the 'outgrowth of a realization in un- derstanding of neglect, omission and offense against God. Reflec- tion makes possible the following question: Who is God? and who am I? Why did God institute Holy Communion? How much does Jesus love us in each Holy Com- munionS. What happens any time I miss Holy Communion? The an- swers will lead us to understand why we should offer amends to the Sacred Heart. to be some hope in Washington that a more amicabld and more enduring relationship between the Communist regime of Russia and, the democratic governments with which her soldiers are fighting may be established as a result of the war. Allsopp & Chapple Booksellers and Sttlonors $07-09 Main Street , Can  DAN DEARASAU{I! For Offloe SuppUe.-,.Ph, 9I| C. H. RICHTER i Taylor & Richter Incorporated All Lines of Insurance Except Life Phone 4-1631 , / % II I 406 Louidana I Ill New Altar to Enhance Noted Cathedral's Interior New York ()--A pronounced change in the interior of Saint Patrick's Cathedral will be ac- complished by the erection of a new Gothic liturgical altar now being installed to replace the high altar which has been the center of all solemn cere- monies in the Cathedral since May 24, 1879. The altar will be installed in the collegiate church at Fordham University. The new altar has been given by an unidentified donor. As is the custom with cathe- dral high altars, the new altar will have no tabernacle or re- redos. The mesna, or altar table, is of marble, 12 feet long and four feet deep. This will be enclosed in a bronze baldachino or canopy, mounted on four slender piers. This canopy rises to a central point and termin- ates in a central pinnacle, or fleche, which stretches 60 feet above the predella, or platform, upon which the altar table proper rests. The .pinnacle is topped by a bronze statue of St. Michael the Archangel. Angelic figures also adorn small pin- nacles on the sloped roof of the baldachino. The stained-glass windows of the Lady Chapel will be seen through the arched opening of the baldachino high over the altar table. A dossal drapery will hang behind the altar covering the lower half of this opening. Charge D'Affaires For Paraguay Nunciature Named Vatican City. (E).--=Msgr. Liber- ato Tosti, Auditor of the Apos- tolic Nunciature in Cuba, has been appointed Charge de'Affaires of the Apostolic Nunciature in Para- guay. Monsignor Liberto was for- merly Charge d"Affaires of the Nunciature in Venezuela. Former Apostolic Nuncio to Paraguay is His Excellency the Most Roy. Alberto Lavame, Apos- tolic Nuncio to Uruguay. He has been relieved of the Nunciature in Asuncion and pending the ap- pointment' of a new Nuncio to Paraguay Monsignor Tosti will i conduct the affairs of the Nuncia- ture there. Monsignor Tosti has been cor- dially welcomed to his new post by the Paraguayan authorities and people. God the Father gives us His Di- vine Son at Holy CommuniOn even as He gave Him to Mary at the l moment of the Incarnation. In the devotion to His Sacred Heart Jesus encourages a state of intimate friendship between God and man. Divine Love seeks hu- man love--the Divine Heart of Christ begs for the human heart vf man. Christ is saying: "Give Me thy heart." He offers us His own Heart in assurance of good will. Ill Italian Envoy Presents Pope Credentials Vatican City. bassador of Italy to the Raphael Guariglia, has his credentials to His Pope Pins XII in a once. After praising the his immediate predecessor,: bassador Bernard died early this month, r, sador Guariglia ed his Catholic Faith the Italian people, rejoicing harmonious relations betw$  Catholic _Church and Italy.  The Holy Father, resp0 'I recalled the gifts and serl the late Ambassador Attolit' rejoiced in the noble senti expressed by the new envo fizning the joy thus exP,, over the conciliation betwe Holy See and the Italian( which, he said, remains a, foundation for the col} friendship and concord be t the two States. His Holinel bestowed the blessings req by the Ambassador after  in a private audience, the., tiff and Ambassador Guariglli cussed for some time. . ".., Later Ambassador GU called upon His Eminence: Cardinal Magi:one, Papal  ! tary of State, and then v the Vatican Basilica to praY, SHEEN 00'iI (Continued from page .11 We thus become actors drama of restoring the W0 sanity, for presently it has mad! The whole world is i state of mortal sin! It nee demption." Ionsignor Sheen said " is not yet conscious of the sity of sacrifice and a cross,' ing that "we are flying fro Peter didunable to nder how sacrifice, as conditio e love, brings life and rest true sense of values." " Lord is meeting America a roadway of life," he said, us the question Peter asked: Vadi% America'where a going, America? That's iU late you going! Are we go the Cross as spectators or tors? What is your answe the majority in America so shall be the future of Am f 1941 Liturgical Week Proceedings Published Newark, N. J. ([C).Pub] of "National Liturgical 1941," proceedings of the" gathering has been announ the Benedictine Liturgical terence. The volume cones foreword' by the Most Rev, i B. Peterson, Bishop of Mancl The meeting was held i. Paul, under the patronage Most Roy. John Gregory lw Archbishop of St. Paul. I I I I J. HORNIBROOK CO. Heating and Ventilating Shoot Metal Work mid All Klad, of Roo IN-11  Markha 8 Phone 4-$ i If we want To FLY KITES we've qot To e,seKITESknow0000AR ELECTRIC aptWIR)., that the kite is to ,. the wires and that he might get a v shock :: / G --USES WIRE OR TIHSEL STRII0000 I Wirelswhat electr!dty travdsover That.: why it's bad for kite string. You could g':Y knocked out if it touched a power wire. O00G .00000--FLIES A KITE WITH METAL RIBSI iL00o::i n rc,00:s:e: ::o0000ith pow:r0000; put the whole electric circuit out of order. G --CLIMBS APOLE AFTER A KIT No one but electric company men can climb ' " electr c poles safely If your kite does get cough.! ' call the power company, tell them where it !*., and they'll send a man to get it down for y0{ 0,,,,//o. / ,'ARKANSAS POWW0000 & LIGHT CO. HELPING B . ARKANSAS ' HI I I 4