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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 6, 1942     Arkansas Catholic
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March 6, 1942

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. 1y KeY. William 1. bialvln, . 1. L. " THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY has been engaged Catholics in both branches of the service  %,/ _4tJ J k.Jl Y JL-) Ik_]&apos;k Of the Diocese of Little Rock, Arkansas 5091/s WEST SECOND STREET have been in excess of their proportion of population. There / s at {See 'i'|' Please read' the following stay Entered as weeond-els matter March 21, 1911, at the Imet offl0e at Little Rock, Arkseas, under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879.  SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DIOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Llttl Rock and ! pray God that it may be an earnest champion of the cause of r4ght, luJco md truth and an ardent defender of the religion we all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the eihcere hope that its career my be long and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handll through th Business Manager, and all matters intended for publication should rexeh The Guardian office not later than TueJday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J. PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Telephone 5486 SPONSORS OF SERVICE Picture Servlce---Knighte of Columbus of Arkansas Pargould Council, No. 1713 ........................... $12.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 27S0 ............ 12.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 ........ 22.00 Fort Smith Council, No. 996 .............................. 2200 Josebore Council, No. 1702 ................................ 12.00 , MARCH 6, 1942 " "It by liberty of the press, we understand merely the liberty of discussing the prowiety of public measures and political opinions, let us have as much st it as you please; but if it means the liberty st af- treating, calumniating and detaming one another, I own myself willing to part with my share of it when- ever our legislators shall please to alter the law; and shall cheertully consent to exchange my liberty st abusing others for the privilege of not being abused mysell."--Franklin. LENT, 1942 Lent and sacrifice are synonymous. Without Lent and all that it implies no, victory can be won over our spiritual foes; and without sacrifice, which is definitely implied by Lent, no victory can be won over our national foes. The true Catholic seeks ways by which he can save his immortal soul. The Church gives to him a positive period of sacrifice -- wherein he may profit spiritually and overcome his spiritual foe--the foe who "prowls about the world, seeking the ruin of souls." Without a positive and vigorous action against such a foe, victory is never gained. Sacrifice, penance, mortification are the means by which battles against Satan are won. Mortification of the flesh, fasting, penance, prayer, good works and the use of the manifold means at our disposal of obtaining God's Grace are ways and means whereby victory over sin and Satan is obtained. Victory for America can be obtained the same way; that is, by sacrifice. The plans, hopes and aims for the ruin of America can' be wrecked completely by Satan's overthrow. Then we can return to God through whatever sacrifice it takes, were comparatively few Catholics in the Colonies. In the Revo- lutionary War Catholics to a man stood by the cause of liberty. There were no Tories among them. The English promise of complete religious liberty did not entice American Catholics from allegiance to their new born country. The name of Barry, father of the Navy, justifies the pride of American Catholics for the part those of their faith had in the Revolution. Like other American, Catholics were divided in the Civil War. Un- der the Stars and Stripes we find Generals Sheridan, Rosecrans, Shields and Meagher, and a host of other Catholics, both rank and file. The Southern Catholics considered that their first loyalty was to their state. The leaders of the Confederate forces, Generals Beauregard and Longstreet, were Catholics, as was Admiral Semmes of the Alabama, which flew the Stars and Bars on all the high seas. The first American soldier killed in F'rance was a Catholic, and the last enemy bullet fired on Armistice Day pierced the heart of an Amerlean Catholic priest. Upon the rolls of the regular and volunteer army and navy the percentage of Catholic names was much higher than that of Catholic citizenship. Few, if any, Catholics evade the draft. These facts are stated without any intention to boast. What American Catholics have done when their country called upon them in war was no more than their duty, a duty taught to them by their Church. In the present call their sense of duty impels them to the same response.--Southwest Courier. Catholic Evidence o Narberth, Pa. ALBERT OF THE BELGIANS-- the colored woman who washed ltARRY OF THE POLICE-- other folks' clothes--Michelangelo, On February 17, 1934, Albert the painter of- cathedrals and I, King of the Belgians, fell from chapels--Michael Donnelly, the a cliff and the world mourned. On the very next day Harry Donahue, of the Philadelphia po- lice, succumbed to a gangster's bul.let, and his friends wept. The Sovereign of an entire na- tion and a guardian of a city's section had one great thing in common--their way of knowing, loving and serving God'. Each as- sisted at Mass on Sundays. Each confessed his sins to a priest. Each received into his breast his God in Holy Communion. Each prayed to the Blessed Virgin Mother and to the saints. King and policeman are now no more, but Albert and Harry will live on forever. They have gone, we believe, to join--and to hobnob with--Peter, the fisher- man who died on a cross--Pansy, Words of Encouragement painter of fences and barns-- Louis, the scientist who gave us "pasteurization" -- Ludwig, t h e waiter who served smiles with his beer. The Church that shows the same Way, the same Truth, the same Life to a Belgian monarch and an American cop--to a first century fisherman and a twentieth century washer-woman--is sure- ly the one Church that can be rightfully called "Catholic"; and just as surely, to our minds, the one kind of church that an all- knowing, all-just God could and would establish. Doesn't that really sound logical? And isn't it also logical to ask your own Cath- olic neighbor for Catholic facts? We promise a courteous reply to all inquiries. Todag's Parable Father Stedman, Confraternity of the Precious Blood, and seek then the Kingdom of God. Peace of soul comes only after victory over the spiritual enemy--peace for our nation can come after victory oer its enemies. Prayer, fasting, mortification applied to the nation works as it is applied to the individual. Not only by purchas- ing Defense Bonds with money saved by mortification but also by prayer, and fasting, and penance can we do our necessary part in obtaining victory. The slogan, "Keep 'era praying" can be used too. Forced restrictions upon certain ]egltimate foods and pleasures will be made--the more readily to defeat our en- emies and attain our victory. As in the spiritual effort to con- quer our enemy, we must resort to prayer, fasting, mortifica- tion and penance, so, too, must all as a nation resort to the same means to conquer our national enemies. A forced period of penance is placed on us to secure our eternal salvation-- we can take a forced penance to gain our national victory. Lent comes at a propitious time as rumors of food ration- ing and pleasure curtailment becomes realities in the Ameri- can way of llfe. Lent comes as a period of spiritual invigora- tion whereby the oldest way is shown as the best way by which to exterminate the enemy and leave peace with victory to be blessed by God. The analogy between penitent America during Lent can be continued throughout, the war. Catholics can lead, set the example, and show the way of prayer and penance. "'Keep ".era praying." "Unless you do penance, you shall all likewise perish" is a terrible admonition given by the Lover of Souls, the meek and humble, Jesus of Nazareth. Lent comes to Americans now at war. Liberty and those things held dear and close to the American heart has perished in many nations--and the admonition given by Christ can be brought to the American mind today "Unless you do pen- ance." It isn't too late. To the advantage of America Lent begins. Make Lent what it ought to be. Your Church offers daily Mass--attend it. Your Church offers special services anc[ deefloss--attend them. Turn to God now and ask Him for help. Entrust in the Sacred Heart of Christ your worries, your cares, your sons who have or who will be called to de- fend their country. Make of this Lent the best possible by employing these manifold channels of God's Grace to yours and your nation's advantage. Thank God for Lent and the opportunities it possesses as well as offers to all of us.--True Voice. CATHOLICS ALWAYS ANSWER Recently released figures indiealm that more than one-thlrd of the United States Army is Catholic. Since Catholics form only one-fourth of the whole population of our country these +figures indicate that American Catholics are in the fore- To yield our will to another is a trying thing to our proud na- ture. In our folly we deem it be- neath our dignity to follow any path save that of our own choos- ing. The cry of the rebellious an- gels, "1 will not serve," seems to have found an echo in our hearts. The willfulness of our first par- ents is deeply rooted in our na- ture. Yet the law of obedience is an absolutely necessary consequence of our creatureship. We are not independent beings. We belong to God. His, then, is the right to com- mand, ours the sacred duty to obey. Whether He speaks to me directly or manifests His will through another, it matter;s not, mine it is humbly to do His bid- ding. Whither, then, shall I turn to learn the lesson of obedience? Surely to no better place than the altar. Here, in His Sacrament of Love, Jesus offers a perfect ex- ample of lowly submission In the early dawn the voice of His priest, be he saint or sinner, calls Him from His throne in heaven to ome and hide Himself beneath the lowly spieces of a tiny wafer of bread, and promptly He obeys. Into the hovels of the low- ly and wretched the voice of the dying calls Him, and He does not hesitate to go. To saint or siflner He comes, if commanded, +in Holy Communion. As a helpless prisoner He places Himself in the hands of His priest who takes Him out from His little cell to show Him to the people and locks Him up again at will. Surely this is the perfection of obedience. And this is the infinite God. Then what should be the Conduce of His poor little crea- ture? Let me pause and reflect. Why do Catholics turn a deaf ear to the pressing appeals of the Sacred Heart for frequent Holy Communion? When will the faith- ful begin to understand the burn- ing desire of the Heart of Jesus for union with their hearts in Holy Communion? Humility as a virtue is difficult to obtain. Man is usually so in- clined to pride, vanity and com- placency, that he must be con- stantly going against himself in order to become humble. Jesus, however, is close at hand' to give us all possible help and coopera- tion. Putting on the Lord Jesus means working to develop within our souls the favorite virtues of Christ. ground when it comes to defense of our Republic. Throughout True virtue is not donned as a suit of clothes. We must exercise our whole history American Catholics have stood the supreme ourselves to acts of virtue so that test of patriotism and devotion to country. They have always we habitually think, speak and eact as if virtue were a, second responded to the call when the drums beat, the battle lines are nature to us. Brooklyn, N. Y. POP.--And His Lay Priesthood. There are big churches and lit- tle churches, and among little churches, is your home. In the "priest of the home," whom we affectionately know as "Pop," there is centered three powers: To teach, to govern, to sanctify. His duty: To see that in his children's education the spiritual is not lacking, by his word and example to train them in habits of discipline. From Baptism, through first Confession, first Holy Communion, Confirmation, to their Marriage, the lay priesthood of "Pop" re- quires him to take the lead of his family in the path of sanctity. Teacher, ruler, sanctifier of his family "Pop" is the representative of Christ, the King Who rules, of Christ, the Priest Who sanctifies and of Christ, the Prophet Who teaches. Holy Communion is the crown- ing culmination of God's love for man. Creation, Incarnation, Re- demption-all are enclosed within the Sacred Host; the Creator, the Babe of Bethlehem, the Crucified One of Calvaryall are one and the same Jesus of Holy Commun- ion. If you seek Jesus in all things, you shall, surely find Him. He who finds Jesus, finds a good treasure. He who loses Jesus loses much indeed, more than the whole world. When consolation is taken from you, d'o not immediately despair; but with humility and patience wait for the heavenly visitation; for God is able to give you back again more ample consolation. Grace is exceedingly necessary to begin that which is good, to go forward with it, and to accom- plish it. For without it nothing cfin be done. All things are possible when strengthened with grace. Grace, which makes the poor in spirit rich in virtues, renders him who is rich in many good things, humble of heart. Happy are they who are glad to have time to spare for God, and shake off all worldly hindrances. For a small income, a long jour- ney is undertaken; for everlasting life, many will scarce once life a foot from the ground. Our Lord [s the Rewarder of all good mefl, and the strong Ap- prover of all who are devoted to Him. In time of temptation this thought will be needful. Notice---It is im!o<>rtant that all questions be signed with the sender's name and COMPLETE address (not initials): otlaerwise the questions will not he answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for private answer must be accompanied by u self-addressed, stamped envelope. We invite only honest and wogthwhile questions. When did it become universal for only the priest to receive Communion under both kinds, and what circumstances led to the law? The general law really dates from the Council of Constance in the year 1415. The circumstances leading up to this law were as fol- lows. From the earliest times Communion was given to the laity under both kinds, or under either kind. The general rule was to give Communion under both kinds, but at times Communion was given under the form of bread only, or from the chalice only. All ad- mitted that Christ was entirely present under either kind, and never was there any law com- manding reception under both kinds by the laity. As years went on, variations m practice arose, and there was no uniformity. The Church permitted local custom to be observed. About the twelfth century, however, two erroneous doctrines began to manifest them- selves. One declared that the custom of giving Communion un- der one kind only was a sac- rilgious abuse; the other, that Christ was not completely pre- sent under either kind. It was the growth of these errors which led the Council of Constance in 1415 to define that the complete Christ is present under either the ap- pearances of bread or the appear- ances of wine; that the custom of giving Communion under the form of bread, only was most reasonably and wisely intro- duced; and that it is heretical to say that Communion must be given under both kinds. In a picture were represented the heads of a man, a lion, an ox and an eagle. What do those stand for? These are the traditional sym- bols of the four Evangelists. The symbolism is of very ancient date and has its origin in St. John's Apocalypse. The human head indi- cates St. Matthew, for he begins his Gospel with the human an- cestry of our Blessed Lord. The lion, the dweller in the desert, is emblematic of St. Mark, who opens his narrative with the mis- sion of St. John the Baptist, "the voice of one crying in the wilder- ness." The sacrificial ox is the symbol of St. Luke, for his Gos- pel begins with the account of the priest Zachary. And the eagle, soaring far into the heavens, is the emblem of the inspiration of St. John, who carries us, in the opening of his Gospel to heaven itself: "In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God and the Word was God." Upon what is the practice of the nine first Fridays based? The custom, now quite wide- spread, of receiving Holy Com- munion on nine consecutive first Fridays is based on a promise made through Saint Margaret Mary Alacoque to those who cul- tivate devotion to the Sacred Heart. A summary of the last promise made to the saint fol- lows: Those who Communicate on nine consecutive first Fridays of the month shall be granted the grace of final repentance; they shall not die in My disgrace nor without receiving the last sacraments, and at that hour My Heart shall be to them a secure refuge. What is promised is d'eath while in the state of grace; if it is necessary for a person In the last moments, the sacraments will be administered, but very often the last sacraments are not nees- (a) Are office-workers excuseq from the Lenten fast? (b) If the collation is taken in the morning and the full meal in the evening, what may be eaten at lunch? (a) The law of fasting is bind- ing on all who have completed their twenty-first year and not yet entered their sixtieth year, un- less they are excused for some legitimate reason, or dispensed. Among the legitimate reasons ex- cusing from fast would be hard work. It does not necessarily fol- low that every person doing of- rice work is excused However, if one's work is ,of such a nature that he finds it difficult to fast, he would not be bound by the law. Thus, over-fatigue which MIGHT endanger one's health is sufficient reason, according to the common opinion. It must be remembered that the Church does not intend to work .undue hardships on Her children. Furthermore, in justice every employee is bound to faith- fully fulfill his duties to the best o his ability. Should fasting pre- vent the accomplishment of his just share of work a person would thereby be excused. A person in doubt concerning his obligation should consult his pastor, who can for any reasonable cause dispense his subjects from the obligation. (b))The quantity of food that may be taken at the morning and evening meals on days of fast may vary according to custom and climate. Ordinarily about two ounces of solid food for break- fast and eight to twelve ounces for the collation are considered sufficient. The most liberal inter- pretation of the law would allow about one-third the person's usual breakfast. Meat, of course, is ex- cluded. For a sufficient reason the order of the meals may be in- verted. * * * If the value of the Mass is in- finite wby does not a Mass liberate all the souls in Purgatory? .If the merits of one Mass were applied it would release all the souls in Purgatory. The souls in Purgatory are not under the im- mediate jurisdiction of the Church. We can not always be certain that the Masses or prayers we offer for them are applied to them. We are in communion with them in that we know we can help them and they can help us. They are, how- ever, under the direct and per- sonal jurisdiction of God. It is He alone Who can help them. But the Church can directly help her children who are suffering in Pur- gatory by way of suffrage, that is, she can draw upon the treasury of her merits won by the super- abundant sufferings of Christ and His saints, and offer these, in un- ion with our poor efforts to our Heavenly Father, begging Him to accept hem in favor of our suf- fering brethren. We are unfail- ingly certain that they are ac- cepted, but we can not be cer- tain as to how far they are bene- ficial. Everything that we do for the suffering souls we simply place in God's hands, that He may use it as His justice, wisdom and mercy dictate. * $ * Is tt permitted to offer up ,our Nine Friday Communions for tits ,Sufferings Souls in Purgatory? You may offer up your Com- munions and the Ind'ulgences gained for any intention or any person living or dead. The spe- cial devotion of the Nine First Fridays means, however, nine Communions of Reparation to the Sacred Heart and the promise made by our Lord for those who receive those Communions is pure- ly personal. * * * Address all questions and corn- sary for the person's eternal sal- munleations about the Question vation, for the simple reason he Box to the Rev. William_ E. Galvin, h:s  Pce:Sv:red. in grace since his S2rk/n0;s Seminary, Little ROck, y M. J.' MURRAy., cq,,.rnt, tt, z a w. a x,w  e us ments carefully. Underlint][, word or phrase which coml, re the statement most correctly!ire,_ _ the bracket at the left of,*ffr statement write the numba]_ y h m the word or phrase whiei[x! have chosen (__) 1. Catholics wear m.t (1) because they are good'.0  charms; (2) because they .wfllh'. fallibly give the protecti0, heaven; (3) they may give!ll] protection of heaven. lt + (__) 2. "We should pray alW10h says St. Paul. This meana should: (I) go to church  e Sunday; (2) pray morning night; (3) perform all our a],... in the honor of God; (4) t 0& tinually engaged in saying ors. Jl. (--) 3. The Catholic Ch[]] chose Sunday for the Lord!l" because: (1) Our Lord was]o 1 ie word :r: Command], on Sunday; (2) the word bath" in the Third really means Sunday; '(3) i" religions had selected all ( er days; (4) on Sunday from the dead and on tl Holy Ghost descended o t Apostles. i (--) 4. A person curses (1) uses or implies God's t and wishes evil to 1 things; (2) calls on God to ) hess a lie; (3) uses God' m contempt, r : (--)" 5" One who takes s I ( part in the services of a_. religion and knows that rel to be false is guilty of (1) 1 r sumption; (2) apostasy; (3)! c perstition; (4) a sin against; First Commandment. ,t ST. JOIIN'S * CORRESPONDENCE St. John's Seminary l Little Rock, Arkansas ' Last week's answers: 1. All adoration of an anyone but the one true 2. Aid us in our reverence devotion (3). 3. All irreverence in the the name of God (1). 4. Calls on God to do persons or things (4). 5. Teach us what God to do and what He prohibits "W he Cathohc Church t marched for 1500 years a head' of civilization, Her ness, glory, grandeur and rn! ( have been almost, though n solutely, all that in these re,* the world has had to boast o! children arc more numerot all the members of the sects' _ bined. Her altars are raiSi Ig, every clime and  her missio! 1 are wherever there are so E', be saved. And this wet church, as old as Christiant [i universal as mankind, is [* after twenty centuries, as | as vigorous and as faithful + the day when the Penteeosts r,..  were showered' upon the eaI ' (From Gladstone's speech s the law excluding Catholics iv." the Lord Chancellorship of L land) . Newman leZ4 west (_ More Suggested Lenten "Victory" by the Rev. Heagney is the life of the fO0,O] of the Salvatorian Society. Baptist Jordan lived in Get# at the time of Bismarck's :K0 kampf, during which period_.[' ers were clamoring for Vi[; such as historians before and $:1 have proved so hollow and el| lived. Road," II "Fast by the by ,J Moody is an.autobiography o. who has had ten hectic, but years in the Catholic ChUr is replete with amusing aneq and incidents, but through *'. is a sane strain of the d'eV meat and unfolding of an D inating Faith. "The Jesuits in History," b, Rev. Mgrtin Harney presefl tremendous array of facts, I# the same time is written is  an interesting style that it+ appeal to the general reade> ,, . iCY" The Vome of Trappmt Sl by Fred Holmes is the storY'. pictures of the life of silene' work lead by the monks 0 Trappist Order--of which ,*jk are three in the United StS Do not forget your Holy ' book--price fifty centsis t__t' s  To love a person 1 to do him well and to malone| happy, not in shortlived thif satisfy the five senses, but ia + nal gifts to satisfy the i-'[ ' soul Love actually caused J[ physt Lord's heart to break 0 1 He loved us at the cost pain and death .-- What can the o ftt world pr ,t without Jesus? To be .| Jesus is a grievous hell; and| with Him, a sweet naradiS; Jesus be with you no'enemY v| be able to hurt you. 'Were we to peer mere"d  into the hearts of the fr Communicants as contrastea! the infrequent ones we wi able to note how the ele +e,- the supernatural dbminatt lives of the Holy communt0l ers of our Lord, whilst wor*# and pagan ideals so often # cap those lukewarm in this r , !i