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March 5, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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PAGE EIGHT THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 5, 1943 I] I I u H I I IIH "QUI VIVE?" (Continued from page 1) sense that they represented the Spanish Catholic people. Franeo took up the cause of the people and uprooted the Communistics, who called themselves democrats. If terms mean anything Franco is a, democrat and the Father of his country. The assistance that Hitler and Mussolini gave to Franco was not for him or for Catholic Spain. It was against Stalin and the Communism of Red Russia. Franco is no more a dictator of the Hitler type titan the United States is  democracy of the Russian type. We are now fighting a common cuse with Russia aginsi the Axis Just as Franco was fighting a eommo cause with the Axis against Rus, sin. Will the. newspapers classify our democracy with that of Rus- sia or President Roosevelt 'ith Stalin? It is time for these big- oted newspaper writers to get wise to themselves. Every intel- ligent person is wise to them. They are stulifying themselves. The captains of industry of the l United States have something in common with school teachers. They are plagued by absentees. Mr. H. V. Kaltenborn must have been an old school teacher, be- cause he suggested that absentee war workers be required to make up lost time before overtime pay goes into effect. In other words, make the workers stay after school like the teacher punishes the pupils. The similarity does not stop at this either. The teacher is consttly mnoyd by parental interference. So also the indus- trial bosses have the C.I.O., to hamper them. In one wel-known war factory, one hundred and fifty welders were discharged for be-i ing absent needlessly. The Union approved the discharges and said[ that the workers had ample warn- ing. Then cme the C.I.O., agents and claimed that the men were dismissed in an effort to prevent i the C.LO. from organizing the l shop. Absenteeism should cer- tainly not be countenanced except hen it is unavoidable. Many of these workers are excused from military service because their work is considered essential in indus- try. But a member of the armed forces can not absent himself without official leave. If he does so, he is punished very severely. If war workers are classified with service men as necessary to the war effort, they should be punish- ed as service men are for unex- cnsed absence from duty. It is not fair to talk about putting these shirkers in the army if they fail to work as they should. The sold- Iers should not be insulted by such a suggestion. If these workers can not be faithful to the trust that is placed in them now, cel- talnly they could not he relied upon during battle. These war veorkers should he made to realize that they must do their duty in the shops, just as service men nmst do theirs at the front. There Is no privileged class in this demo- cratic nation. 4:T NCCW (Continued from page 1) mittees will be; Committee for Welfare Work, Miss Nell Eagan; Committee for Organization and Development, Mrs. Tom Chiehest- er; Committee for Extension of Religious Education, Miss Ann Margrave; Committee for Shrines in the Homes, Mrs. Paul Bujarski; Committee for National Defense Work, Miss Louise Malacher; Committee for National School of Social Service, Miss Lillian Sum- mers; Committee for Publicity, Mrs. John Ward. Following the regular District meeting, the Parish unit of Good Counsel will conduct a "Model Meeting" of NCCW, with Mrs. R. C. Harville, presiding. A special feature of great interest will be the program provided by the par- ish chairman for Extension of Re- ligious Education, Miss Lillian Summers, conducted by the Rev. Edward R. Maloy, on "The Missal and How to Use It." This meeting will be open to all Catholic women, and all are ur- gently requested to attend. Bishop, Priests Put On Regional War Labor Board Washington. (E)--A Bishop and four priests are among those who have been appointed to posts in the regional organizations of the National War Labor Board. The Most Rev. Augustine Dangl- mayr, Auxiliary Bishop of Dallas, and the Rt. Rev. Msgr. Peter M. It. Wynhoven, of New Orleans, have been named to membership as respesentatives of the public on theEighth Regional Board cover- ing the State of Louisiana, Okla- homa and Texas. The Rev. Walter J. McGuinn, S.J., Dean.of Social Work, Boston College, has been appointed full- time vice-chairman of the First Regional Board, which covers all of the New England States. The Rev. Thomas F. Divine, S.J., Director of the Labor College of Marquette University, has,been named a member representing the public on the Sixth Regional Board, covering Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, Minnesota, Iowa, North Dakota and South Dakota. The Rev. John C. Friedl, S.J., of Rockhurst College, Kansas City, was named a representative of the public on the Seventh Regional Board, covering Missouri, Arkan- sas, Nebraska and Kansas. About 20 Catholic laymen who are prominent in the fields of la-" bor and industry have also been named to positions on the regional boards throughout the country. Illl II Ill I Daughter Chinese Army Commander Enters Novitiate Pingnam, Kwangsi. (E)-- The daughter of the Commander-in- Chief of the Kwangsi Army has applied for admission to the native Sisterhood conducted here by the Maryknoll Sisters. Alttough all other members of the family are non-Christians, the parents of this young girl are willing that she should follow her ewn way of life, and will place no obstacle in her path. The training of native girls, who will one day form China's own re- ligious communities, is one of the main mission activities of the Maryknoll Sisters in this section. During the last few months there has been a notable increase of ap- plicants for this Pingnam Novi- tiate. The intensive religious stu- dies of these Chinese girls re balanced by manual labor, as they do much of the household work, and even grind their own rice. RUSSIA (Continued from page 1) cupied countries have been con- verted into a gigantic Hitlerite block for the avowed purpose of "conquering" Soviet Russia and introducing Nazi "order" in those countries. 5. Whereas wild tales have been circulated abroad about re- ligious persecution in Russia and "for truth's sake" ought not to be encouraged, still Serge's assump- tion in principle that all persecu- tion stories are founded on fiction is an insult to historicalveracity. Serge himself, prior to the Nazi "crusade," was subjected to the customary practical interpretation of Article 124 of the Soviet Con- stitution affirming the right to carry on anti-religious propaganda. Liquidation Of Prelates 6. If there has been no religious persecution in Soviet Russia, Serge is asked to offer a plausible ex- planation regarding the where- abouts of Metropolitan Philip of Moscow, who has not been heard of since 1930; Metropolitan Cyril of Kazan, who disappeared when l chosen as the eventual successor to Patriarch Tyxhon upon the lat- ter's arrest, and of Metropolitan Agaphangel of Jaroslav, another successor. He is also asked about the "liquidation" of Metropolitan Peter Kroutitsky; about the "liqui- dation" or disappearance of hun- dreds of Church dignitaries, and thousands of priests and deacons who "simply vanished from the face of the earth;" about the clos- ing of all monasteries and disperse- ment of Religious; and about the reduction of 43,000 organized Or- thodox parishes in 1917 to not more than 200 churches now open for divine worship in the entire U.S.S.R. The text of the "counter-pre- face" is as follows: Introduction This startling edition, the very first of its type since 1918, where incidentally God's blessed name is exceptionally spelled with a capital "G", has given rise to senti- ments of profound scepticism and marked indignation amongst in- timate religious circles of Moscow, who succeeded in seeing the vol- ume. Although this 457 pp. book is published in Russia, it is being carefully concealed from the Rus- sian public's knowledge and of course is not on sale. The rea- , . . . i son for ths minute precautmn is  quite obvious to aqy local observer conversant with the religious sit-i uation of Soviet Russia during the! last quarter of a century. The 457 pages of "truth" pub- lished in this book are so appal- lingly in discordance with the facts that they constitute a superlative offense to tho very concept of truth. The book is a virulent in- sult to decency and righteousness; ali the more so since the lies and falsehoods enunciated therein con- cerning religious freedom in Sov- iet Russia and signed at least, if not written by Russian Orthodox church dignitaries, are sacri- legiously headed by a Scriptural quotation, printed in Slavonic at the very beginning of the book, to the effect that truth is eminent and overcomes all obstacles. The perfidious statements contained in the book officially attributed to the "Moscow Patriarchate" invite the knowing reader to reflect up- on the words of St. Luke (XVI:8) "... The children of this world are in relation to their own gen- eration more prudent than are the children of light." $25,000,000 War Bond Drive Announced By K. Of C. New Haven, Conn. (E)At their national headquarters here today, the Knights of Columbus an- nounced a $25,000,000 War Bond' drive as the main feature of their annual "Founders' Month" ob- servance. The campaign will be carried on from March 29, date of the 61st anniversary of the founding of the organization, to April 28 and the 2,500 councils of the K. of C. in the United States and Canada will participate. To reach the $25,000,000 goal, each member will be required to buy, or be instrumental in the sale of, about $62 worth of war bonds NAVY: CHIEF; SURGEON HONOREW Rear Admiral Ross T. Mclntire, Surgeon General of the U. S. Navy and personal physician to President Roosevelt, delivered the address and received the honorary degree of doctor of sclenceat the recentl raid-year graduating exercises of Marquette University School of Medicine, Milwaukee. Left to right: Capt. Dallas D. Dupre, corn raandant of Marquette's Naval ROTC unit; Admiral Mclntire; the Rev. Raphael C. McCarthy, S. J.. president of Marquette, and Dr. Eben J. Carey, dean of the medical chooL (N.C.W.C.) Critics Challenged To Read Encyclicals Msgr. Ryan Refers To Famous Documents In Reply To Charge That Church Is 'Reactionary' Atlanta. (}--Those who assume that because the Catholic Church is conservative and authoritarian in religion she is "reactionary" in her social doctrine were challenged to night by the Rt. Rev. Msgr. John A. Ryan, Director of the De- partment of Social Action, Nation- al Catholic Welfare Conference, to read four documents and then "try to assert with an honest mind and a straight face that the Ca- tholic social doctrine is reaction- ary, or that the Catholic Church defends the oppressors of labor and functions as a retainer of plutocracy." The documents named by Mon- signor Ryan were the "Bishops' Program of Social Reconstruction," issued February 12, 1919, by the Administrative Committee of the National Catholic War Council; "The Church and Social Order," issued on February 7, 1940, by the Archbishops and Bishops of the United States, and the Papal En- cyclicals Rerum Novarum and Quadragesimo Anno. Monsignor Ryan delivered his address at the session here of the Catholic Conference on Idus- trial Problems. The Most Rev. Gerald P. O'Hara, Bishop of Sav- annah-Atlanta, host to the Con- ference, attended the session and also spoke at the closing dinner meeting. His subject was "The Challenge of the Encyclicals." Acting as co-sponsoring groups for the meeting, which was the first held by the C.C.I.P. in the Old South, were the Diocesan Council of Catholic Women, the Catholic Laymen's Association of Georgia and the Savannah-Atlanta Com- mittee of the Catholic Committee of the South. Distribution of Ownership Speaking on "The Bishops and Social Reconstruction," Monsignor Ryan reviewed the eleven prin- cipal proposals and recommenda- tions contained' in the "Bishops' Program" in 1919, and noted that all but one had been wholly or partly translated into fact. This proposal, he said, dealt with parti- cipation of labor in management and wider distribution of owner- ship through cooperative enter- prises and worker's ownership in the stock of corporations. While little progress had been made in industry on this proposal, he noted that the Farm Security Act "has made possible a modest beginning of a plan whereby ted- ants may be come owners." Mon- signor Ryan then added: "Unfortunately, however, the process of cmverting farm ten- ants into' farm owners is presently in danger of being interrupted and ended. If it perishes, it will have been slain in the house of those who ought to be its friends. The most influential of the great farm organizations seem determined to bring about the repeal of the Farm Security Act, or at least to cripple the Farm Security Administra- tmn, by inducing Congress to con- tract to the vanishing point the appropriations for its work. This means that the long existing in- crease in farm tenancy will be ac- celerated. Problems of Agriculture Speaking on "Agriculture and Pres. Fordham U. To Give Lenten Sermon In London London. (IC)-- The Very Rev. Robert I. Gannon, S.J., president of Fordham University, New York, has accepted an invitation to de- liver a series of Lenten sermons at Westminster Cathedral here, it has been announced. The invitation to give the Ca- thedral sermon series was extend- ed to Father Gannon by His Em- inence Arthur Cardinal Hinsley, Archbishop of Westminister. Father Gannon will deliver the first in the series of sermons on March 14, the first Sunday in Lent, and will give the concluding ser- mon on Good Friday, April 23. During his stay in London, Fath- er Gannon also will address the Aquinas Society. in agricultural economics at the Catholic University of America, said: "The term 'labor encyclicals' is often used to designate the two great documents, Rerum Novarum and Quadragesimo Anno. This is not to say that they refer exclu- sively to the evils that affect the laborer in our mechanized world of modern industrial capitalism. The fact is they also refer repeat- ]cdly to agricult_tre and to a num- :ver of its specific problems. Perhaps the main problems of agriculture that Plus XI refers to, either explicity or implicitly, are the following: (1) the lack of reasonable credit; (2) price dis- parity; (3) the wage conditions of the agricultural laborers; (4) the roblem of international trade. Conditions have changed some since His Holiness wrote his En- cyclical. Insofar as our own country is concerned, not a little has been done through govern- ment efforts to remedy the evils alluded to. But very much still remains to be done. N.C.W.C. News Service "I feel personally there are very considerable possibilities for help- ing agriculture here in the South through the organization of co- operatives. It may be worthy of note that there is a rapidly mount- ing interest in cooperatives in South America, There is also some growth here. It is a matter that deserves the keen interest and zealous effort of all who seek the betterment of grlculture." Speaking of grace, the devil the Encyclicals" the Rev. Dr. Ed- cannot take away from you what gar Schmiedeler, O.S.B., lecturer he did not give you. STANDARD ICE COMPANY of Arkansas Little Rock No. Little Rock Cabot Brinkley Beebe Pine Bluff DeValls Bluff Protocol Reversed-Cardinals Call On Archbishop Spellman Vatican City. (N:) -- The current visit of the Most Rev. Francis J. Spellman, Archbishop of New York, to the Vatican has produced the unique situation in which Cardinals are calling on an Arch- bishop, instead of the Archbishop calling on Cardinals, as protocol requires. This has been made necessary by the fact that, in view of ex- isting circumstances, Archbishop Spellman is restricted to Vatican territory, except where Italian permission is obtained to travel in Rome. He is residing at the Villa Gabrielli, which is on the property of the North American College on Janiculum Hill. This property enjoys Vatican extra- territoriality under the treaty be- i tween the Holy See and Italy. Because Archbishop Spellman is not going beyond the confines of the Villa and of Vatican City, it is impossible for him to call upon the Cardinals, as protocal requires. Meanwhile, Vatican circles con- tinue to emphasize the religious character of Archbishop Spell- man s visit to the Eternal City, and to regard other explanations as mere unfounded speculation. It is noted here that the earlier flood of excited rumors and con- jectures in Rome and elsewhere regarding the scope of Archbishop Spellman's Vatican visit are now subsiding. This is believed here to indicate that the purely normal character of the visit is becom- ing more widely appreciated. The normal character of the visit, it is pointed out, is emphasized by the Archbishop's many confer- ences with officials of the various Sacred Congregations of the Holy See, and with representatives of religious communities having houses in the Archdiocese of New York. It is noted that the Arch- bishop has had several confer- ences with officials of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith. Archbishop Spellman went to ;he Vatican Thursday morning and conferred with His Eminence Nicola Cardinal Canali, President of the Pontifical Commission for the Government of Vatican City. Following his return to Villa Gabrielli, the Archbishop confer- red with His Eminence Raffaello Carlo Cardinal Rossi, Socretary of the Sacred Consistorial Congrega- [tion; His Eminence Pietro Cardi- ,hal Fumasoni-Biondi, Prefect of the Sacred Congregation for the Propagation of the Faith; His Em- inence Eugen Cardinal Tisserant, Secretary of the Sacred O: Congregation, and the Rev. gustine Arcial, Procurator G of the Fathers of Mercy. I, received courtesy calls fro rian Nieuwwenhuys, BelgiaV bassador to the Holy SeE Michael MacWhite, Irish to Italy. Friday morning was also ed to conferences betwee Archbishop and Roman re and representatives of re communities. At noon Fri Archbishop visited the V Information Office for prt of War, and later was a lu guest in the apartment of Tittmann, United States t d'Affaires in Vatican City. guests included Francis t Osborne, Minister of Great to the Holy See, and the Walter S. Carroll, a priest Dfocese of Pittsburgh who tached to the Papal Secrets r. State. Friday afternoon, Arch Spellman received Prince of the Order of Malta at the Oabrielli. Cleveland Cathol! Orphanage Gets Lake Shore Home Cleveland. (E)--St. Joselh' phanage, here, which care parentless girls of the Dio0 Cleveland, will move from il year-old site to a 13 -1 acrf close by the shores of Lake to be known as St. Joseph'S! Lake, it has been announceC by Edward T. Butler, Jr., dent of the Catholic Charitie poration. The new institution will facilities for 115 girls and ma of the Ladies of the Sacred of Mary, who care for them, present orphanage accom 106 girls and 22 nuns. The olic Charities Corporatio Butler announced', will asst $2,00,000 mortgage indebted the'new property, which i the $155,000 purchase price, sary alterations of the buildi the estimated cost of a which will be erected inh the Most Rev. Archbishop Schrembs, Bishop of Cleveli The Holy Bible s a mirl reflects the goodness and hess of the hid'den God. It r as no other book can, the seC the human heart. C. M. Tl IO.P. \\; Every ounce of energy--every man, woman and kilowatt in this organization is dedicated to the great purpose of preserving our Country and the winning of the war. Back of YOUR boy and his fighting mates are the great assembly lines of American industry powered by electricity pouring from giant generators over vast networks of trans- mission lines planned and built by this and other privately owned electric utilities. America's power supremacy was made possible only by the great American system of free enterprise. Thus we are free to give our very all for our country. And with the war won we shall be just as determined to help build a better and bigger Arkansas. HIMSTEDT or stamps. TO GET RID OF A BADcoLD IN A HURRYTRY PlumbJng:HeatJngcompany AKINSI POW_.. AHTs CO S. & B. 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