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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 5, 1943     Arkansas Catholic
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March 5, 1943
 

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, w : L Entered as second*class matter March 21, 1911, t the post office at in t,,e c,,LJ o,,,,,,, 6 ,e ,,,v,,oL.,.v, taL ,ov .OLQ,,O,,. not be answered. No names are ever published. Questions which ask for ss" Little Rock, Arkansas, under the Act of Congress of March 8. 1879. We invite only honest and worthwhile questions. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $2.00 the year OFFICIAL DTOCESAN ORGAN The Guardian Is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock and I pray God that It may be an earnest champien of the cause ef right, Justice and truth and an ardent def,mder of the 'religion we all love so well. 1 extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope that Its career may be ions and prosperous. JOHN B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Reek. EDITOR VERY REV. MONSIGNOR THOMAS L. KEANY, Ph. D. BUSINESS MANAGER All communications about The Guardian must be handled through the Business Manager, and all matters Intended for publication should reach The Guardian office not later than Tuesday at noon. REVEREND THOMAS J PRENDERGAST Business and Editorial Office, 809 West 2nd, Teleihone 5486 $PONSOR$ OF SERVICE Picture Service--Knights of Columbus of Arkansas Paragould Council. No. 1713 ..................... $1200 Fort Smith Council, No. 99S ..................... 22.00 Little Rock Council, No. 812 22.00 Pocahontas CeuncM No. 2443 ..................... I7.OS Blytheville-Osccola, Council, No. 2857 ........................ 12.00 Texarkana Council No. 2S50 17.0O Pine Bluff Council, No. 1152 .......................... 22.00 Stuttgart-Slovactown Council, No. 2780-. IS.O0 Jonesboro Council, No. 1702 ................................ 12.00 MARCH 5, 1943 Lenten Regulation Regulations Concerning Fast and Abstinence For The Diocese of Little Rock For The Duration of The War Our Holy Father, Pope Plus XII, has graciously extended to the Bishops of the United States faculties to dispense from the ordinary laws of Fast and Abstinence for the duration of the war, in order to lighten the burden of the faithful under these unusual circumstances. In grateful acknowledgment of this great privilege and after due consideration of the condi- tions now prevailing 'in the Diocese of Little Rock, I hereby direct that the following regulations concerning Fast and Ab- stinence pertain to all the faithful of this Diocese for the dura- tion of the war: l. Days of Fast and Abstinence are: Ash Wednesday and Good Friday; 2. Days of Abstinence are (besides the above): All Fridays of the year. 3. The law of Fast is suspended for the duration of the war, except for Ash Wednesday and Good Friday. Our Holy Father urges, however, that all the faithful de- vote themselces with greater fervor to acts of mortification and piety. It is my sincerest wish and prayer, that all the faithful of this Diocese will attend the Holy SaCrifice of the Mass and receive our Lord in Holy Communion more frequently, and pray especially every day for Our Holy Father, to support Him in His petition to God, that a just and lasting peace may soon return to this world. John B. Morris, D.D., Bishop of Little Rock. BISttOP'S PASTORAL (Continued from page 1) viewing the growth of the Diocese since l have been your Bishop. It is necessary for me to think of conditions thirty-seven years ago in order to realize how wonderfully God has blessed my efforts as well as those of devoted priests, sisters and laity who have worked with me. In spite of our small numbers, we have, in the last thirty- seven years, practically doubled our Catholic population. The number of Diocesan priests is more than three times as large as when 1 came to the Diocese in 1906. This, of course, has been largely possible through St. John's Home Missions Seminary Subiaco College, the oldest existing Catholic institution for young men in the Diocese. In like manner, the Holy Ghost Fathers cared for Catholic immigrants who originally composed the parishes in the vicinity of Marienstadt, the mother-founda- tion of their community in this country. In fulfillment of my long cherished desire to bring the Church to the members of the negro race in the Diocese, the Holy Ghost Fathers and the Fathers of the Society of the Divine Word have, by every means at their command, labored un- tiringly and most successfully in this fertile field of apostolic work. Six thriving parishes, which are in charge of these Fath- ers show the evident blessing of God on this great work. But in this centenary year of the Diocese, the final and conclusive proof of the vigor of the Church is manifested in the lives and works of lay Catholics. Their love of Christ and His Church is shown not only in well established parishes but also on small, struggling missions. Fasting until noon, many people drive long distances over almost impassable roads in order to hear Mass and receive Holy Communion. How well do I remember the soul stirring spectacle which I witnessed at the last State convention of Catholic young people held in Little Rockl It was at the opening 10 o'clock Mass of the Conven- tion. The Cathedral was filled to capacity with young men and women from every part of the State. Many had driven 150 miles that morning. And yet, when Communion time arrived, they all arose in a body to receive the Blessed Sacra- ment. These are evidences of faith and " " * appreciation of God's gift. Such spontaneous demonstrations as this make me cherish the conviction that some day the faith in Arkansas, after having sent its strong roots into the soil during the many adverse con- ditions in the past, will come into its ownwill grow and blos- som and bear abundant fruitin the not too distant future. The faith is already well rooted in parishes where the persever- ing generosity and sacrifice of our Catholics, especially note- worthy in small places, support not only the Church and pastor but also a parochial school for their children. In addition to this support of their own parish, they have realized that broader application to help, according to their means, in maintaining diocesan institutions and works as well as the universal Church in general. I have many times been impatient at the slowness with which the Church grew, and I have often chafed at the obstacles which arose to impede her progress; but more often in my prayers and Mass, have I thanked God for the faithful, devout and loyal Catholics of my Diocese. These are only some of the thoughts which crowd through my mind, in retrospect, during this centennial year of the Diocese. I would like to commemorate this historic occasion in a fitting manner. But conditions produced by the war make an elaborate celebration improper, if not impossible. We must content ourselves with a purely spiritual celebration which is never hampered by such material considerations as time or circumstances. Later in the year I hope to outline a plan by which we can all unite in a fitting manner in every parish and mission of the Diocese to praise and thank God from whom all blessings have come; to ask His pardon for our shortcomings and neglect in working to establish His kingdom on earth; and to implore His protection and guidance of us, and those who follow us, in the Diocese of Little Rock now and in the years to come. Let us begin now (in a personal and private manner) these spiritual exercises in which we shall all unite publicly later on. Along with your own personal intention, I beg you to offer, for the Church of the Diocese, some of the sacrifices and sorrows which have begun' to weigh upon you as a result of this war. In this union of prayer and sacrifice will we be able to pay to God at least a part of the debt we owe Him for His gifts of Church and country. which, under God, I consider the greatest of all blessings to the I ask you especially to sanctify your homes by the wonder- Diocese. Only a few weeks ago, I ordained the one hundred and ful Catholic practice of prayer in common with the other mem- second priest for the Diocese from St. John's. .Eighty percent of our priests have obtained their training in this institution which God gave me the courage to start thirty-two years ago. In maintaining the Seminary, I have been aided immensely by your generosity and loyalty as well as that of the priests who serve you. As a whole, you have repeatedly demonstrated your love and regard for the Seminary which has meant so much to the people of the Diocese and will mean even more in the future. 1 pray that you will watch over and care for the Seminary as your own. After these long years as your Bishop, I have no prouder claim of accomplishment than the part God has given me in founding St. John's Seminary. When future generations of Catholics in the Diocese thank God for the Semi- nary, 1 believe they will, in their charity, be reminded of me who was His instrument in founding this providential institution. But aside from our increased number of priests and churches, another evidence of. solid growth is the number of schools taught by our sisters. In almost every place in the Diocese where there is a resident priest, there is also a parochial school. This is made possibh by the self sacrifice of our de- voted sisters who, with true missionary spirit, undertake to teach schools even in the smallest and most isolated places without any thought of earthly reward. In many instances in the past, and in a few at present, these sisters teach on missions where there is no resident priest, sacrificing the consolations of daily Mass and Holy Communion, knowing that the good Lord for whose children they work will reward them as only He can. It is to our communities of missionary sisters, in the past and at present, who conduct schools, hospitals, charitable institu- tions and perform the many other duties so vitally necessary on the missions, that we are largely indebted for keeping the faith alive in the hearts of thousands of our Catholics. The Ca- tholic school education which is given to your children today by the sisters, is the greatest hope we have for the future of the Diocese. it is to the children of this generation, that we must look for our Catholic men and women of the next. God has blessed the Catholics of the upper Arkansas River Valley with the inspiring presence and zealous pioneer labor bers of the family. I wish we could revive the great custom, where it does not already exist, of reciting the rosary in com- mon. To some, this may seem too much to ask. But, after all, it takes less than fifteen minutes to say the rosary devout- ly ..... Fifteen minutes of your time given to the radio or to the reading of some book. Yes, it will call for a sacrifice. But are you not willing to pay this price for the protection and blessing which you and yours will receive through the inter- cession of our Blessed Mother? The rosary is her special prayer. God has always given us His greatest gifts through her. Through her He gave us His Divine Son. He has shown us repeatedly that He continues to act in the same way. Through- out all the centuries past, in times of great crises, no nation or people have ever had recourse to Him through her in vain. The defeat of the Turks at Lepanto and of the Moors in the battle of Tours were the miraculous answer of our Blessed Mother to the rosary recited by millions of Catholics. It will be through prayer that the world willrbe saved today. It is only through humble prayer and a return'to God that we can base our hope for lasting victory and peace. And even for a more personal reasonprayer is the only way we now have for obtaining God's blessing and protection on our men in the armed service of their country. By every claim of love and gratitude, we owe these men--fathers and husbands, sons and brothers--the homage of our faithful pray- ers. You may be sure that Catholic men in battle cherish the rosary and say it as they never did before. Men who face danger, spontaneously think of God. Let it not be said, to our shame, that this great prayer is neglected in the very homes they left to fight for. When saying your rosary in the family circle, unite your prayer with those of the loved one in the service of his country, sb that, together they may ascend to our Lord through His Blessed Mother and return to you and yours a benediction and a pledge of divine mercy and protection. May the ordeal through which we are now passing confirm our faith, strengthen our hope and inflame our love of God and of His Blessed Mother. May our prayers and sacrifices Why So Many Long Ceremonies In Different Celebrations? The purpose of the ceremonies of the Catholic Church is to add to the solemnity of the celebration and to appeal to the human nature of the worshipers. There is not a ceremony in the Catholic Liturgy, not a move or gesture, that has not its significance. We could pos- sibly worship God without any external ceremony. But the Church appreciates the nature of man and is at the same time mindful of the teaching of God as expressed in both the Old and the New Testament. We know how particular God was Is the Apostolic Delegate a rep- in planning the ceremonial of the resentative of the Pope in the Law (Old). Ceremonial is na- United States and is he the head tural to human nature. It is of the Church in this country? natural for us to desire to give The Apostolic Delegate is the outward expression of our feel- official representative of the Pope ings. In human society we are not to deal with matters pertaining to surprised to find' ceremonials. We Church government in a particular know that they add to the dignity country. He is not a delegate to and impression of a court of jus- the civil governments but to the lice in the army and navy. Our Bishops of the Church. The Pope Lord used ceremonies at different is the Supreme Head of the Uni- times during His Life to express versal Church but since he can- certain ideas. He made ceremony not be present in all parts of the a part of the administration of the world he sends a representative Sacraments. It must, however, be who will consult with the Bishops borne in mind that externals in of the country and be consulted religion can be abused. It would by them in matters relating to the be superstitious to believe that the spiritual welfare of the people. mere ceremony means anything * * * outside of its association with a re- . I have a friend who is thinking ligious truth. . of becoming a, Catholic, but she * * doesn't know if she was ever May a person go to Confession christened. Would that make any when he has committed no sins difference? since his last Confession? When receiving a convert into Yes, a person may receive the the Church, if there is doubt about sacrament of Penance even though previous Baptism, the priest will he has committed no sins since his baptize the person conditionally, last Confession. However, it is i.e., while baptizing the person he lcessary for such a person to tell will say: "If you are not already at least one sin of his past life baptized, I baptize you, etc." The for which he is still sorry. Other- uncertainty of your friend should wise the priest can not give abso- not deter her at all from consult- lution, and consequently the per- ins a priest, and you should in- son would not be receiving the duce her to see a priest, or bring sacrament of Penance nor the her to one, if she feels that she graces that it imparts, should become a Catholic. be made acceptable by her whom we invoke as Virgin Most Faithful, Consoler of the Afflicted, Virgin Most Powerful, Cause of Our Joy and Queen of Peace. May she teach us how to carry our cross that we may merit the crown of everlasting glory. Mindful of our individual needs, may she, in her all embracing motherly kindness and mercy, also regard the wel- fare of our beloved country, dedicated to her Immaculate Con- ception. As mother of all the faithful, may she cover with the mantle of her protection the children of all mankind who are also her spiritual charges bequeathed to her by her Divine Son, on the cross. As a final thought of this season's letter to you, let me remind you that the brother and sister of prayer are ponance and the works of mercy. Lent is a time of penance and prayer. In these times of universal anguish and sorrow, let us join with the Church in prayer and penance for ourselves but also for those suffering and dying, for the soldier and his family, for the people of those countries visited by the scourge and destruc- tion of war, by the multitudes of dead on the battlefields of the world. Out of consideration for you who are beset with the in- creasing burdens and trials imposed by the war, the Holy Father has empowered me to dispense from the obligation of fasting and abstinence in accordance with the regulations read on Quinquagesima Sunday. The Holy Father asks us vol- untarily to substitute our own acts of prayer and mortification. I can dispense from fasting and abstinence, by virtue of the power given me by the Supreme Pontiff, but I cannot remove the need we all have of prayer, mortification and penance. For all of us who have sinned, penance is necessary for salvation. Let us accept humbly, in a spirit of penance, the sorrows which afflict us today; and let us pray, with and for the Holy Father, that God will grant His and our prayer for the triumph and peace of Christ through His Blessed Mother and her rosary. 88 JOHN B. MORRIS Bishop of Little Rock. TRANG E BUT TRU E Little-Known Facts for Catholics By M. J. MURRAy c.op:.ght, 1as. . a w. c. m*. arm. 7"At's lld littie [uild r WFFMOUr, V, t;Nat,,CtO, is g= goo YEaR's OLD Ct.PZ oF $TALDHLM :C)ah;qhdfl: . erboklnq  nqlish. Channel iF ltrmerlt[.., " servt also as , WATOI-'rovCE Aso , LIQHT-HOUSE'. OFll" of the :[:.Ja . -- |01ag 5ourn ' ra by : t 1 Roy. Anthony Laho ], c. S. Sp. , ];.l, (GeneraI Diocesan C-halrti0 t'r, The FLrmers' Home and Worlthe The farmer is in a very tth and fortunate position in r'tse to the execution of the farm|el d field work. He is really illtol most perfect position of anY because his home and his v "ra' 0of,|n 1 shop are under the same r t,lex a: lives and works at home.tri : importance of this is that not,s tl the farmer himself lives ,:: lov works at home, but the wholeS s ily lives and works at homeils this is to say that on the t: 1 there can be family life and [rlfi( ily work. This is the ideal . c tion. Farm and field work be as much as possible ff work and activity. If it iSi:l1 V the farm family fails in sponsibility, that is part of| opportunity. MLv, The farmers work p oi'i gives him greater satisfaction'.aY any other man. The farmer [K: to plant his farm and get t .th : /a00e00?a00c00t g2im ,, cows are milked and .1 separated and sold. The to be done before there is of achievement. Straight corn, well kept fences, cleATI gardens, greased  t eomplishing these things machinery things giV farmer which he  o' happiness never get just " " ii ,' were done.hi[! is that men souls We in visible y _ ;:1!  satisfied. Making an iaSJ' ible is exactly what work.. t, The farmer has opportuni  enjoying the two purpose  work more than any other laI.lh Work is needeff to susta] and, farmers by supplyi_ necessities of food and cl do more than any other groL-l  achieve this. Because the 1. er has so much planning to di0" so many tasks to fulfill, his ]Slat brings him more satisfactio. can see the product of his  while the teacher can only  that his work has been good.;.. factory laborer has only on]'h to do and he has not evzllfJpk' pleasure of planning his ./.' The farmer both plans an al and on hundreds of objects t far the he and The work-shop serve it. We frequent strikes which tak i-i ntek in the factories of our cou 'Li almost appears that peoplei become mercenary. Our WSf] a gram is retarded. Labore] these factories who are slt]b- obtaining very high wages tl dangering the lives of our by slowing up work on o tion of equipment. What t strope would befall our rl the farmer were to act , manner. But no, the Iris land. He loves his 01 therefore he works his family, without extra  t order that there might b tl coming as much food  ing as possible at a time f country needs his service. selfish individuals might example and learn from the er who does not beat the meaningless gestures, but ly and tirelessly labors rationed machinery and ficient help, to serve his which affords him his work-shop. I Book Review Rev. Claibome LaffertY, q: ', Professor of Canon .lt St John's Home MiSSo  S k Seminary. : " i "The Better Life" (310 l, Kilian J. Hennrich, 0[. by Cap., Published by Joseph F'I/,  ner, Inc., New York, $2 50, 0 o' A wealth of information ,'. ing the Third Order given in this work of Father rich which should prove ing not only to TertiarieS selves but to Catholics in This subject is one not understood. The Author a clear, excellently nation which should prove tive to those who are not themselves but' who are learn about the movement, as interesting and enlighi those who are already The Author, a not limit himself only to Order of St. Francis but those of the AugustinianS, dictines, Carmelites, Noebertines, and Servites, A This work is reCommergl! all Catholics, both as a so information on the quite i ant and appealing subject Third Order Movement a means of propaganda in s new Tertiaries. :: i Let us promise to i and serve our Blessed on earth so that afterwards be with her and Jesus, ' forever in Heaven. #