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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 3, 1923     Arkansas Catholic
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March 3, 1923

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4' .7 PAGE TWO Published Weekly by THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of tile Diocese of Little Rock 309 WEST NEC()ND STREET Entered as sccon.d-elass matter March 21 1911, at tile postoffiee at Little Rock, Ark,, tinder tlle Act of Congress of March 3 1879. SUISCI/PTION PRICI,,. $2.00 TIlE YF, AR C]'IAN{E OF AI)DRESS When a change of address is desired the sul,scriher should g:ve both the old aad the new address. CORR ESPON I)I;:NCE Matter intended for pblication i, The Guardlat shouhl reach us not later than Wednesday inorlling. Brief ilews correspot|(hmt:e is always Wt*lCt)llle. The kill(blesS of the Clelgy ill this matter is cordially appre- ciated. J._ RIV, Gl!:() If. McDERM()TT. .................. Managing Editor All conlIlltllllcatiolls abollt '""LI2 (;tla diaD" 8hotl]d be addressed to the Rev, Gee. 11. Mc])crmott. 30;;' ,VcL SCCOhd Street ()FI: fCIAI. API't(()VA I The (tat'(][ar is the offic a organ of the |');ocesc of ] ,ray ('od t ] it t I]1  " lnttle Rock a ld . , . ' *  cry oC tll ca 'llebt C (t)1 l" to 1 ill tl [!tst cc andtruth and aa  "dent defender of tim .--" t' cause ot right lOVe SO We I l  t..A +,, - . . - t.:llglO 1 WI fell we all . , X .... to tt tny DleSSIllg Wltll tile SlllCel'e hol)e that its career /flay t)e lOllg glld l)l*OSlJClOtlS. 1 ,/OLIN II, MORRIS, ........ B sht  of IAtt e Rock Little Rock, Ark., February 24, 1923. .............................................. Third Sunday of Lent: "He that is not with Me is against Me; and he that gathereth not with Me, scattereth." Let us begin now if we are not already of a Lenten spirit, to weep and sigh with Him over the sins of the world and forget not to question ourselves as to our own. ----O-O After congress adjourns we may have normal. cyfol: nine months. -o-o----- While the preachers are putting up or shutting up on evolution, it will not be so instructing but nevertheless very interesting for the people if they will g[ve over their minds to Tutenkhamon an d his 1;ansacked tomb. Probably after the pul- pit wager has been withdrawn, the preachers will play "put arid take" with " ,, Old Tute and his or- thodoxy. Tail or no tail, is a stale tale for preach- ers to be arguing on just now, when the real Christian morale is becoming quite decadent. .o-o-----------_ Encouraging news comes from London in re- gard to those who rent apartment houses. In fact the pendulum has svung the other way. Hereto- fore families having children were penalized be- cause they were not allowed to rent apartments but now, no apartment is let except to a family having children. The average American boasts of the scorn which he bears in his heart for the French people who put up with the autocratic madness of a King claiming to be the state, but he does not seem to have a word of protest against the State absolu- tism of the Oregon" educational bill. O-O Cynicism, as a rule, is not a lovely trait, but it is jutifiable at times, as for instance, when some one hearing the gratifyilg news that the Catho- lic School of Journalism at Notre Dame had one hundred students, said: "The news would be more gratifying*if a survey given out by the uni- versity last year had not shown that only a small percentage of the students read Catholic periodi- cal literature." -ooo_ James Madison had for bigotry and religious intolerance, an aversion which some of his suc- cessors in the White House apparently did not share. Even Mr. Wilson was not entirely free from bias when the Church was concerned, for we gather from an ,utterance of Franklin K. Lane that the former president feared a great central Roman Catholic nation under the control of the Papacy would be the result if German Austriv should go to Germany, for both were of the same race and language. O-C APPRECIATED COOPERATION Toda The Guardian publishes the third edi- torial paper from the writer Signing himself "E." His innate modesty would have us continu'ed to 0 conceal his identity under this signature, but it is our desire to share Bishop Morris' appreciation i and our own with th'at of our readers, many of whom have been ifiquisitive as to the writer of two:recent excellent editorials. The "E" of the editorial page stands for the Very Rev. Edward Burgent, O. S: B., Ph.D., re- cently appointed Prior of the New Subiaco Abbey ,at Subiaco, Arkansas, succeeding the ,'late and lamented Very Rev. Dr. Stocker, O. S. B., .who gave of his time and talents eleven years of gen- erous and erudite service to The Guardian. We know that we can presume on the generosi- ty and the erudition of the new Father Prior and we hope to presume also on his time, if not to the extent of Dr. Stocker's, at least so often that his already appreciative readers may not have cause to enquire ,as 0 the absence of "E" on our edi- torial page. Gladly, then, does The Guardian extend the fraternal hand " , to Father Prior," the Very Rev. Dr. Edward BUrgert, O. S. B., of. Subiaco. , o-{ :, PATRON OF THEDYING The mbnth of March is %he special month of St. Joseph, foter.father of Our Lord. The devotion to this Saint followed in its historical develop- men, the proverbial mustard s'eed of-the Gospel. THE GUARDIAN, SATURDAY, MARCH 3, 1923 In the early centuries of the Christian era, it ap- pears to have been merely a private devotion. Gradually, however, it made its way into the hearts of the people, and in the early Middle Ages the recognition and honor hitherto privately a9- corded to the Itoly Patriarch, began to find out- ward expression in various ways, chiefly by p]ac- ing his name upon the calendar of local chdrches, as well as by dedicating church edifices in his name and honor. During the reign of Pope Sixtus IV, finally, the feast of St. Joseph was introduced into the Roman Calendar and thus extended to the entire Latin Church. Pope Sixtus reigned from 1471-1484. From that time the devotion to our Saint rap- idly icreased in popuktrity. The last five Popes have vied with each other in adding new lustre agency in saving men, and" in holding families to- is gether, and in regenerating society. T. 0-0 MEXICO to the name of the humble workman of Nazareth, the story of the expulsion of Monsignor Filippi in and in attaching new favors to the devotion ac- that incisive sarcastic siyle of which he is such a corded him by the faithful. Pope Plus IX, in master. The old Constitution of 1857 and fhe 1870, solemnly declared St Joseph the patron of I new Constitution, 1917, are coInpared, and it is the Catholic Church, Leo XIII approved the Vo. [easy to see that either may be invoked to justify tive Office of the Saint, Pius X gave his approba- / the punishment of a man Who is too trained a tion to the public litany in honor of the holy Pa-idiplomat to give offense to any ordinary govern- triarch, Benedict XV added his name to the "suf- men,. frage" prayer of the Church, as well as to the [ After commenting on the farce called elections in Mexico and passing in review the us- Divine Praises after Benediction, and only on rious political parties, Mgr. Kelly points out the August 9 of last year, the Holy Father, Pope Plus folly committed.the day they drove out the papal XI, through the Sacred Council of Rites, ordered several additions to. be made in the rites for the dying, with reference to St. Joseph as their heav- enly patron. The action of the Holy Father points to his wish that St. Joseph should be venerated and im- plored principally as patron of the dying. In this capacity the foster-father of Christ should prove especially popular in our day, when death stalks through the land in so many various guises form- erly unknown. Just think of the wholesale man- ner in which death was dealt o among combat- ants and non-combatants in the late war, and fu- ture wars, wq are told, will be still more terrible. Despite the persistent efforts of lawmakers, po- lice and inspection officers, the rate of deaths by accident is still increasing year after year. Mod- ern inventions are termed time-saving and labor- saving, but they are to no small extent death,deal- ing devices. It is not to be denied that human life has beer cheapened in the eyes of mankind. Fren- zied people running amuck in a populated dis- trict, mob violence in one form or another, the desperate methods of strikers; these ad similar fruits of modern civilization (save the mark!) place a greater jeopardy upon life than all pre- vious ages have done. All those who still retain the old faith in the immortality and resurrection, need a special patron for the hour of death. St. Joseph, patron of the dying, pray for us! E. 0-0 TItE SANCTITY OF MARRIAGE With great fitness the Church has commended to the prayers of the 'faithful during March the Sanctity of Marriage, for March is the month of St. Joseph, who is very properly regarded as the patron Saint of Christian marriage. And the holy season of Lent is singularly opportune for the purpose; According to Judge Lindsey, who has had a great deal of experience in the Divorce Court, marriage is a dismal failure, atd hence, Catholics must bestir themselves, for the more the world tries to rob matrimony of its sacred character, the more Catholics should srive to vin- dicate what has been beautifully called the Sacra- men, of Sanctified Society, When Pope Plus X undertook to restore all things in Christ, he was merely reminding us that Christ was the Regen- erator of Society as well as the Redeemer of men ; for when Christ.came upon earth He found socie- ty sick unto death, and He brought with Him a remedy, which was" able to restore it, if it were' only properly applied, and that remedy was the holy contract of marriage, made holier still by being brought back to its original type and en- dewed with a power of imparting sacramental grace. And the Church which Christ founded to carry on His work has continued to build on the foundation which He had laid; and that founds- ,ion contains two elements--unity and indissolu- bility. Not content with legislating on the subject by forbidding polygamy and divorce the Church makemmatrimony the subject for special prayer from time to time, for married life, even under the most favorable auspices, is full of anxiety and care, and human nature, left to itself would not be more successful in winning a victory over it- self than it was in pagan times. As the sanctity of matrimony was never in greater danger than it is today, for the divorce courts are filling our land with marriages which are nothing better than legalized adulteries, good to save the parties involved from arrest at the hands of the police. Catholics must be able to show that the Church shares in the authority and power of Jesus Christ when she points out to the world that only by respecting he sanctity of mar- riage a h01y race can be born., and they mst be willing to join in fervent prayer that a loftycon- ception of the matrimonial state may every.where prevail. They must,be able to say with all confi, dence to Judge Lindsey, and all who think with him that marriage is not a failure; that it i s:'n0t a broken reed ; and that it is still a powerful Some weeks ago we touched very lightly in passing on the expulsion of the Papal Delegate from Mexico and we set it down to that political expediency which thrives in that unhappy land. And we were right in our surmise, for, now that the March number of Extension is at hand, we see very clearly the real explanation of the situa- tion. Monsignor Kelly, the editor of Extension, k)mws the condition of Mexico better than any English speaking writer of our day, and he tells delegate, for if they fancied such action would secure consideration in the United States, they showed little political sagacity If they saw fit to do so, they might have expelled not only the Dele- gate but Mgr. Kelly himself, for both had appear- ed in public in a garb that was as offensive as the simple blessing of the statue which was the "mis- take" that precipitated the expulsion. But it is hopeless to attempt any explanation; and after reading Mgr. Kelly's si)lendid editorial, we pronounce it more hopeless than ever. T. O-O WHAT EDUCATORS SHOULD KNOW When the minds of our teachers are not warped by ignorance and bigotry it must be pleasing to have a ready reference to oft repeated cautions tritely pronounced by some real worth while edu- cator. In the North American Teacher (Jan., 1923), Mary Christina Austin cleverly assembles 57 varieties of "DON'TS," prepared by that able scholar, James J. Walsh, M.D., Ph.D, Miss Austin states that they will help to coun- teract some of the misleading statements made by the well-intentioned authors of a number of educational text books. Of the 57, we present 18 important "don',s,' which should be popularized, not only by teachers and authors, but also by some of our well-inten- tioned but misdirected preachers, who rightly should be knowing to the "don',s" when it is a question of dealing fairly with the truth when teaching by preaching. Don't talk about "the long night of the Dark Ages." John Fiske speaks of "all the work big with promises of the future that wen on in those centuries which modern writers in their ignorance used once to set apart and stigmatize as the Dark Aiges." You do not want to be classed with the "modern writers" whom John Fiske thinks "ignorant." Don't talk about the Catholic Church "hamper- ing education." In the thirteenth century, when the Catholic Church was most powerful, when the Popes, for good reasons, were able to put the kings down from their thrones, there were more students at the universities of Europe, in propor- tion, than there are now. Read any serious his- tory of the universities and see. Don't talk about "lazy monks." They built the many hundreds of monasteries in England, drain- ed the fens and raised the dignity of labor. The president of the Massachusetts Agricultural Col- lege declared that monasteries were the first agri- cultural schools. Don't ever talk against the. Jesfiits until you know at least one of them. You can find them any American city of half a million inhabi- tants or so, and they are rather pleasant men to meet. Don't repeat that old fable about" the Catholic Chtirch forbidding Bible reading before the Ref- ormation. Over a score of editors of the Scrip- tures were published in German long before Luther's time. Don't talk about the Catholic Church keeping the Scriptures out of the hands of the people: Professor Briggs once exhibited to his classes at the General Theological Seminary in New York editions of the Bible in Italian that he purchased in Rome cheaper than they could be bought any- where else in the world. Don't display your ignorance by declaring that Catholics do not" know the Scriptures. Educated Catholics know the Scriptures, as a rule, much better than Prbtestants. Don't repeat, just because so many others have :done it, the ridiculous assertion of the Protestant missionary societies that in bringing the Bible to the people of Catholic countries they put them in contact for the first time with the Word of od. The falsehood is meant to draw dollars out of the iPoCkets of the foolish rich by appealing to their prejudice, Don't forget that it is the Catholic Church that now defending the Bible from "Higher Criticism," so-caled, Protestants are losing their faith and explaining away its meaning. .Don't talk of the enslavementof the Reformation. hi a public the presence of the I)uke of Kone, of Leipzig, in 14,15, said: chancellor, has any right to privileges and exemption. The itself and changes and improves its cording to its needs." Modern no such freedom. In Europe solutely under the control of.the Don't tall:foolishly and of facilities for higher education Ages. Before the year 1300 some ties, representing a population of 25,(00,000, had been chartered in t European countries. Don't forget that expressions Pope Plus II on founding the "Science makes man like to God and clearly to perceive the secrets the unlearned, it elevates to born in the lowliest condition," are, in the bulls of the Popes grant ing:: universities in the latter Mi Don't talk of papal opposition these universities were founded with ters. Education needed an i ity for the recognition of scholarship and the Popes supplied this. the universities praise highly the in this matter. Don't forget that Cardinal as the date marking the lowest ebb at Oxford. This is undoubtedly also, as Winckelmann at the end of century actually had to have out an edition of Plato, because printed in Germany for several Don't talk about mediaeval ture. There are oniy siv cases corded in England before Henry They were all "Star Chamber" but as the "Encyclopedia ] "The rack and the screw were beth's time." Don't say that the "Iron IIaiden berg," iron gloves for roasting hal boots for crunching legs, are ,ion. They are all seventeenth ances. Don't talk about the many murdered on St. Bartholomew's DaY I report of the French government one thousand. Since the present have learned to wait for official Don't speak of St. Barthok ing the masacre of many thousands land by Cromwell about a century HugUenots tried to prevent for the millions of French C bered them and recall Fiske made rest assured that: he knew whereof Miss Austin as a prelude t "don'ts," writes'. "For hundreds of years, many torians, when dealing with the the Catholic Church, have al: to bias their judgment. To speak their opinions were actually consequence, numerous erroneous to be fqund in the historical teenth, seventeenth and eighteenth "Today, however, most of of history try to put asic ,ions of things. They are more the truth. They are not afraid to judgments. They have discarded unproved assertions of their STAR OF COMMENT .i: We have heard many favor of the Catholic press, but the one published recently in Little Rock, Arkansas. A pastor states that if he had a choice ant priests and no Catholic paper or one assistant and a Catholic choose the latter.M. F. Scalan in let. FOREIGN BORN IN There is demand for repeal of the ing immigration, but of the bill gress by such a large vote there chance of repeal. The census of 1920, counted 13,7g: born persons in the United States. nine leading strains: Germans Italians ............................................................................. "" Russians ......................................................................... ,.'":7 Poles English, Scotch and Welsh Irish Scaadinavians .............................. Austro-Hungarians Czecho and Jugo-Slavonia ......