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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 1, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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March 1, 1930

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m. St. Augustifie, who character, but only constancy in fol- nY~.?"'~n~edthepa~smn with which even lowing eternal principles of justice, ~rst.ians f!lmtmlewer; " i " " " "drawn as even the pagan poet recognizes ~7::t~::~.i~id~r:huls:;::::: when he praises inseparably "man just and truly firm in his purpose. .Cv~i~l.~' fortunately temporary, of his Besides, true justice does not exist _~[od~a!ar friend, Alipius How many except by giving to God the things ~u *utlthful '" of~0*' errors due to the spectacles that are God's, as the true Christian '~. :.,'~).~day and due also to evil books does. this necessary vigilance how- does not follow that youth segq'egated from society, ~ndeed, it must live and save !l, but that, today more than faust be prepared and" forti- against the corrup- ~d errors of the world, which, Word warns, is all "con- :~ce of the flesh and concupis- and the pride of as Tertullian said early Christians, true Chris- at all times be "co-pos- world but not of error." this saying of Tertullian we to that which we intend to treat ~ut which is of the greatest im- namely the true substance education, whatit'ts ulti- are, and in consideration Earthly Works Praised Such aims of Christian education appear to outsiders to be abstractions or rather to be unattainable without the suppression or diminution of nat- ural faculties or without renunciation of the works of earthly life and there-' fore appear alien to social life and temporal prosperity, contrary to all progress in letters, sciences, arts or any other works of civilization. To similar objections, prompted by the ignorance and prejudice of pagans, even the cultured ones in ancient times, unfortunately repeated with more frequent insistence in modern times, Tertullian replied, "We are not extraneous to life. We remember that we owe gratitude to the Lord, God, our Creator. We repudiate no[ fruit of his works. Only we hold our-: selves in check lest we use them loose- ly or badly. And so, not without the forum, not without the slaughter- house, not without baths, houses, shops and stalls, not without your markets and your trade, we live in this world. We also, with you, navi- gate and fight, cultivate the fields and negotiate and therefore we exchange our works with yours and place the fruits of our labors' at your disposal. Indeed, I do not see how we can seem useless to your activities with which and~ of which we all live." cious the medicine for many ills from ' Use of Talents Approved which souls suffer on account of their Indeed, the true Christian, far from sins. Thou preparest and teachest renouncing the works of earthly life children with the simplic!ty of youths, or impairing his natural faculties, on with the strength of old men and with teachers who have perpetuated and multiplied their works in their fruit- ful institutions of Christian educa- tion, helping families and to the in- estimable benefit of nations? These are the fruits, beneficial from every viewpoint, of Christian educa- tion precisely because it develops and forms in man the life and supernatur- al virtues of Christ; for Christ, our Lord and Divine Master, is both the fount and the giver of such life and virtue and is at the same time the universal model accessible to all con- ditions of human progeny, particular- ly to youth in the hidden, laborious and obedient period of life, adorned with all the individual domestic and social virtues before God and before men. All these treasures, of a definite i value at which I have hardly hinted, are part of the Church to such an ex- / tent that they constitute its very sub-t stance, because the Church is the/ mystic body of Christ, the immacu-[ late bride of Christ, and therefore| the fruitful mother and superlatively perfect teacher. St. Augustine Quoted. Therefore, the great and brilliant St. Augustine---of whose blessed death we are about to celebrate the fifteenth centenary--filled with holy affection for this mother, broke out in these words: "Oh, Catholic Church, truest moth- er of Christians, thou worthily preachest not only that it is duty to honor God Himself in purity and chas- tity, but besides to make its love and charity toward thy neighbor thine, so that in thee is powerfully effiea- supereminence of the ed- the contrary develops and perfects delicacy, according to the needs of r~ission of the Church be- them, co-ordinating them with the su- the body and spirit. as ,clear as with the light of pernatural life, thus ennobling natur-i,~ ! ! i:gWi::f!:i to~?! !~jni ~t:~du 1 .~ of ~| T~ al life itself and reaping in it more hh ~..~Jch' ~tia~n-real., e~ immediate aim of Chris- i fruitful benefits, not only of a spirit- re: l -- ,, ~l)ivi. UUcation is to co-operate with lual eternal nature, but also material plete dominion over children Thou, with the bond of religion, stronger and closer than blood, unitest broth- ers to brothers. Thou, not onlp with the bond of society but also o fra- I ternity, joinest citizen to citizen and peoples to peoples. In one word: thou joinest all men with the memory of their first common parents. Thou teachest things to attend peoples and life in Christ, "Christ, who degree the aims of Christian educa- adnmnishest people to obey Kings. tion and have ennobled and improv- ed human society in every field of good. In fact, the saints have been, are and will ever be the greatest ben- efactors of human society, also the most perfect models in every class or profession in every state or position in life, front the simple, rustic peas- ant to the scientist and writer, from the father of a family to the mon- arch reigning over peoples and na- tions, from the simple girls and women of domestic circles to queens and empresses. Work of Missionaries Noted And what of the immense work of which temporal well-being also reaped the benefits; of the evangelical mis- sionaries, who together with the light of the faith have carried and carry to barbarous people the benefits of civ- ilization; of the preceptors of the va- rious works of charity and social as- sistance; aud of the interminable r~nks of ~aintTy men and women Thou diligently teaehest to whom we owe honor to whom affection,to whom respect, to whom fear, to whom torture, showing thus we do not owe all to all, but hat we owe charity to all and offense to none." Let us raise, O venerable brothers, suppliant hearts and hands to heaven, "to the pastor and bishop o~ our souls," to the Divine King, "who gives laws to governors," that He, with His omnipotent virtue may grant that these splendid fruits of Christian ed- ucation may multiply to the" even greater advantage of individuals and nations. In the auspices of these heavenly graces, with paternal affection to you, O venerable brothers, to your clergy and your people, we impart the apos- tolic benediction. Given at Rome, at St. Peter's the thirty*first day of December in the eighth year of our potifi~te. rr s xi. I life,,, and manifest it in all "that the life also of Jesus raade manifest in our body." very reason Christian edu- ce~nprehends the whole sphere life, both earthly and spir- intellectual and moral, domestic and social; it in any way but to regulate .and perfect it, ac- re the examples and doctrines st. the true Christian fruit of education is the supernat- who thinks, judges, and COnstantly and coherently, ac- reasoning, illuminat- light of the ex- s. and doctrine of Christ, or, to in the language now in use, he and perfect man of char- =.ctiO~cih, ~ ~nere coherence ann ten- Via ,~' 04. .atel~!r~hje.." COnduct in the pursuit of ns s~I ~lvs principles constitutes true ! 1 [ ,, , . __