Newspaper Archive of
Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 1, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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March 1, 1930
 

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Subject fully, rather touching only theI family of Christ is, therefore, the ed-, gether'withThe fact non.CatholiCalone that religiousChildren" in- praiSewhich inarevariousall these asscia!l~the inations attend ~t0 tl principal points of domestic educa-lucative environment most closely; tion, so amp!e is the material there-]joined with that of the Christian struct!on is imparted (often with too such zeal to these necessary ~,~i~ttl on, Besides, there are many special Ifamily. much parsimony) is not sufficient for W'aerefore, in procuring Cst!~j~ai0~ treatises, ancient and modern, by au-I The educative environment of the the schools to be considered as con- schools for their children be it vci~seh thors of sound Catholic doctrine, IChurch inch, des not only its sacra- forming w,th the rights of the Church proclaimed, be i~~~ among whom appear worthy of spe-/ments, a divinely efficacious means and Christian families and worthy to recognized by all---Catholics of ~,~f, cial mention the already recorded gel- of grace, and its rites, all in a mar- be frequented by Catholic scholars, nation of the world are not doi~g:la114 den treatises of Antoninus, "Concern- velous way edu,cative, nor does it in- For a school to be acceptable it is litical party work but religious ~ers ing the Christian Education of Chil- elude only the material enclosure of necessary that the whole teaching and indispensable to their conscie~ ~A dren," which St. Charles Borromeo, the Christian temple, which also is organization of the school, namely They do not intend thus to seP~the~ ordered to he read publicly to pc-admirably educative in the idiom of the teachers, the curriculum and the ~h~ir children from the body arid~V~hi, rents gathered together in churches, liturgy and art, but also a great abun- books, be governed by the Christian .p'rit of the nation, but merel'y t0~hy We wish, however, to claim your da'nce and variety of schools, asso-!spirit under the maternal dlrection!ucate them in the most perfectlPsr attention, especially that of venerable ciating religious piety, togethcr with and vigilance of the Church. Thatlmost conducive to the prosperi!!jt01 brothers and beloved sons, to the sub-' the study of literature and sciences, relig:on should be really the founds-l the nation, because a good CalcUli ject of the lamentable decline of faro- ~ si~ ~ith.recreation and physical culture, tion and crown of all instruction in in virtue of the Catholic doctrl~~ fly education. For the duties and And in this inexhaustible fecundity of all grades not only in elementary but I for that very reason the best ci4 ~h professions of temporal earthly life, educational works how admirable is also in all others, "it is necessary,"land,, the best lover of his country~ a~d which certainly are of lesser impor- the harmony mentmned above, whmh to adopt the words of Leo XII, thatl ally submitting to civil author~tY~ tt~! the Church knows how to maYntain l not only in specified hours the )-oung] stituted in any legitimate fo~ ~el tance, youths submit to long studies ..... -/ "- " " ov ~clt~ t0~ and accurate preparation, whereas, with Chmstmn families to such an ex shall be tau ht reh ion but th ll g g at a g ernment. In Cathohc sc~ _ for the duties and fundamental cares tent that one could say truly that the the rest of the education be perform- which are in harmony with the CiiSi~ ~etl of education of children, many pc- Church families constitue a single ed with Christian piety. For if this and Christian families it will no t~gai~ rents of today, being too i~amersed temple of Christi'an education, is lacking, if this sacred breath does pen that teaching conflicts with in temporal cares, are little or not at Since it is necessary that new den- not pervadeand warm the souls of the pupils learn in religious ins~ all prepared. To the weaker influence of the family there is added the fact today that almost everywhere there is a ten- dency to draw further away from the family children from their tenderest years under various pretexts, either of economic or industrial or commer- cial or political nature. There is a country where they take children from the bosom of the family t6 form (or more truly to malform and de- prive them) in associations and schools without God in irreligion and hate, according to the extreme So- cialist theories, renewing a real and most terrible massacre of innocents. We, therefore, entreat pastors, in the name of Jesus Christ, to adopt every possible means in their instruc- tions and cat'schisms, with voice and widely spread writings, to warn Chris- tian parent;s of their grave obliga- tions, not so much theoretically or generically as practically and espec- ially of their particular duties respect- ing the religious, moral and civil ed- families long before the work of the State began. Schools Must Supplement more reasonably and can also more Since the school considered also in easily provide schools by giving free its historical origins, is by its very rein to the initiative work of the nature subsidiary and complementary Church and the family or by helping to the family and ~he Church--there- fore, by logical moral necessity, it must not only not contradict but pos- itively~ must accord with the other two environments in the most perfect moral unity possible so as to ~oe able to constitute, together with the' fam- ily and the Church, a single sanctuary sacred to Christian education under them with adequate subsidies. And that this can be done to the satisfac- tion of families and with greai bene- fit for instruction and public peace and tranquility is shown by nations divided into various religious "faiths where schools are in harmony with the educative rights of families not only in all things concerning teaching the penalty of failing in its ahn. --particuharly in entirely Catholic This manifestly is recognized ev- schools for Catholics---but also coh- en by a laymen 'very celebrated for cernirtg distributive justice with finch- his pedagogic writings (not at all cial help on the part of the State to praiseworthy because infected with each school desired by families. liberalism) who decided: "The school Opposite i'n Other Countries other countries of mixed religion ucation of t,heir children and of the if it is not a temple, is a den'!! andI In most suitable methods to achieve it lagain, "When literary, social, domes-lthe exact opposite happens, wif-h not efficaciously, apart from the exam:ltic and religious education a~'e not]inconsiderable burdens upon Catho- ple of their lives. To such practical]in accord, man is unhappy and pew-t lies who are guided by the espicopacy instructions, the Apostle of the peo-t erless.". /and, by means of the indefatigable pie did not disdain to condescend inl Fro~ thi~ fo~owslt~if~ the so-called [work of the secular andregular cler- his epistles, particularly "that to the neutra o ay .choo " 'o,,. which re-/gy to sustain at their expense entirely Ephesians, wl~ere among other things ligion is excluded are contrary to the ] Catholic schools for their children and he warns "fathers, provoke not your fundamental principles of education. Iwith praiseworthy generosity and con- children to anger," which is not as Besides, such schools are not prac-/stancy persevere in the intention to much the effect of excessive sever- tically possible, since in actual factl assume wholly what they in the man- ity as of impatience and ignorance of they soon become anti-religious. I her of a pledge proclaim, "Catholic methods most suitable to fruitful nor- There is no need to repeat what our I education for the whole Catholic reckon and also of the now too corn- predecessors have said on this sub-lyouth in Catholic schools." ~uch el: men relaxation of family discipline, jeer, nottbhta y Plus IX and Leo XIII,I forts, if not helped by public fundo from which untamed passions grow in in whose times particularly lay in- as distributive justice would require, adolescents. Therefore, let parents, and all teachers with them, ~ee to it that they righfly use the authority given them by God, of whom they are in a true sense vicars, not for their own personal comfort, but for the right bringing up of their children in a holy filial "fear of God, the begin- ning of wisdom' on which alo~le re- spect for authority is founded and without which order, tranquility and well-being in the family and in so- ciety cannot exist. The Church the Ideal Schnol To make up for the weakness of the forces of fallen human nature, Divine Goodness has provided abun- dant help in grace and other means st~uction in schools began. We re- peat and confirm their declarations, together with the prescriptions of the sacred canons by which attendance at non-Catholic, neutral or mixed schools, that is to say, indifferently open to Catholics and non-Catholics without distinction, is forbidden to Catholic children and can only be tol- erated at the discretion of Bishops in special circumstances of place and time and under special preca'utions. Mixed Education Inadmissible Neither is it admissible for Catho- lics to attend mixed schools (worse still if obligatory for all) where re- ligious instruction is provided and pupils receive the rest of their teach- cannot be impeded by any civil power which recognizes the rights of fami- lies and the indispensable conditions of lawful liberty. Defense of School a Duty. Where, however, even this elemen- tary liberty is impeded or in various ways thwarted, Catholics can never exert themselves enough even at the cost of great sacrifices, to sustain and defend their schools and secure a just scholastic law. Everything done by the faithful to promote and defend Catholic schools for their children is work of a gen- uinely religious character, and"it is therefore the chief duty of "Catholic action." Hence, particularly dear to formation of youth, last Examples of Bees Cited JClll~ Similarly, in these schools the st~ ~r leacher will follow the example~'~ess, the bees, which take the purest f~l of the flowers, leaving the rcst,~r~ St. Basil taught in his discours~:~ ffl adolescents on the reading o Jr - elassies. . [ This necessary cauti0n---sugg~| also by the pagan Quintilianus ~|f t chriSY| ~ca not in any way prevent the ~ c teacher from profiting by whaW~|~. ~ is really good in the disciplines ~day methods of our times, mindful of ~~,,~ti T'~ the apostle said: "Prove all thi~J~r~ h01d fast that which is good." ~fi~i also for them is the saving of tr,~ .act ' " ,, - harV$| Iorr Divine Master true, that the&~t truly is plentiful, but the laborers ~][[,r few," and we therefore entreat ,~).~ Lord of harvests to send many ".|~ , -ti0~ ah such workers for Christian eauc~ "J ' which must be supreme and desr~ the hearts of the pastors of souls sl the directors of religious oraers. ~i It is equally nhcessar~ to dir~:s.( :ha cee:::c h,, :o~ r :: ~ :~ ly ~e ldfiIl~:t~!~ "vice, in whatever environment ~'~.~t e ah may find themselves, removing e~i opportunities and procuring good o~i, ] in recreation and companions, si~ ~ "e~iI contacts corrupt morals." More Vigilance Called In our times wider and more ate vigilance is necessary becauset opportunities for moral and shipwreck for inexperienced yo have grown, especially through pious or licentious books, many which are diabolically circulated at S~ ,~o~ low prme, through the cmematogr ,|'._ and now also the radio, which r~l~i|e~: plies and simplifies every kinel ;~ spoken communication as the ci~er~!'~.~y 'tograph does every kind of ~ctacl;~, These powerful agents which i~ i~| governed by sane principles csI~ ~L! of "the greatest utility in instructiTc!~t and education, often unfortunatel~ir are subordinated to evil passions s~|