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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 1, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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March 1, 1930
 

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it is fitting here to point out how]with others, but especially in teaching Wall this Catholic truth, confirmed bylyouth, because all teachers, whether . feacts, has been expressed in more re-Ipublic or private, have over youth not eat times by an ecclesiastical writer ]absolute but relative educational t ~ho greatly earned the gratitu(te of/rights. This is so because every~Chris- "ristian education, the most serious Itian child or adolescent has the right and learned Card. Silvio Antoniano, fro be taught according to th2, doc- ;.P.UPil of the great educator, Saint/trine of the Church,which is the col- | ~lllppo Neri, and secretary to the/umn and foundation of truth, while lie ~.taSter of Saint Charles Borromeo, at/would be suffering a grave injustice | :~oss SUggestion he wrote that gold-}if any one disturbed his faith by tak- | treatise, "Christian Education of ling advantage of the confidence the f ~hildren,,,h,._ in which he thus expresses[young have in their teachers and of [ hi:elf: /their natural inexperience and disor- When temporal -ower attunes it ~dered inclination toward absolute, Self to s iritual w" f ]p, P po er and favors and/ alse and dluslonary freedom. ~ ~sta0t~s the latter, it is collaborating/ In fact we must n~ver lose si ht ~!hs conservation of public good~Iof the fact that the subject of Chgis- $~ea ecclesiastical authorities strive ltian education is man or spirit, joined ~orra a good Christian by spiritual |to body in natural unity with all his ! :::~ns, they at the same time are~faculties, natural and supernatural, ~, ::~nnng to form a good citizen. Thislsuch as we know him through reason i i' ~Pens because in ,the Holy Romanland revelation. Man fallen from his] !: ~ ~aolic Church an upright man and]original state, is redeemed by Christ] ~hgd citizen are two absolute~ly sim-|and reinstated in the supernaturall i things. Therefore they gravelytcondition of Christ's adoptive child, | i~..-#l~o attempt to separate two such [bUt ndt "in Yne prem~curd, 3~NL~w~I | ;~!tnately connected thirt~s and who of immortality of body and of integ- ~aink -- . . ...... . . ~i they can obtain good citizens/~'ztY or eqmhbrmm m hm mchnatmns. | ttth Other rules and other means than/There, therefore, remain in human |: oat~.e Which constitute to form a good / nature effects of original sin, espec- |. ~a,,~Stian. - I ially in the weakening of the will and [ l~' Let human prudence say what it[disordered tendencies. d.eases, but it is impossible to pro-] "Folly is bound up in the heart of ,~e~ true peace or true temporal[a child, and the rod of correction shall ~ra~ .. ~ . . , in qU~hty by any means ~hlch are drive it away.' l~,e~trast with peace and eternal Must Correct Tendencies. ~PDi~ess." It is necessary, therefore, to cor- ~.iJ~s~ as the State, so also science, rect disordered tendencies and to pro- ernatural order concerning education, ~e~tific methods and scientific re- mote and order good ones from the ~ch as, for instanee~ the sacerdotal or : :o.arch have nothing to fear from the earliest youth, and to advise all it is religions vocation and in general the :~ll and perfect educative mission of necessary to illuminate the intellect!mystic operations of grace which ~:~e Church, Catholic institutions, to and fortify the will with supernatural i though elevating natural forces, nev- ::~tever degree of teaching or truths and means of grace, without ertheless exceed them infinitely and s~'~nce they belong, have no need for which it is impossible to combat per- can in no way be bound by physical a~:lgies. The favor they enjoy, the verse inclination or to reach the edu- laws because "the Spirit breatheth uu~ti~uJ ses theYt gather, the scientific pro- cative perfection of the Church, w~here he will." .... a~_: : hey produce or promote, and which is perfectly and fully endowed Extremely dangerous is that zype of 1~:, all the excellent r i n by Christ with divine doctrine and naturalism which now invades the ,s *~ ly t a ned .u- lif ~ey give to law, to professional sacraments as the efficacious means field of education in such a delicate p e, to teaching, to life in all its of grace, subject as the reetitudes of morals. an.sea, are evidence in their favor."[ False, therefore is an" "eda~o-dc IVery widespread is the error of those = All these fa 1 I . cts are splendid con- naturalism which' ex lug: t, ~le- who, w~th dangerous presumptuous- ~Ir c de or tirn~t~on of the Vatican doctrine de- creases the importance of supernatur- hess and ugly words, promote so-call- ,~ecl b ,, ed sexual edueatmn, falsely behewng :atl~ Y the Vatican Council: Faith I al Christian formation in the educa- I - " " u reason they can forewarn oun people die, not only can never contra, tzon of youth. Every method of edu- . . Y g each against the dangers of the senses with h~-. other, but lend a helping cation is erroneous which is founded " ~e~ct to each other because sound wholly or in part on the negation or purely natural means, such as" fool- Sonm , hardy prevenhve mmatmn and m fa.',, g d'splays the foundations of forgetfulness o~ original sin and of . " .... - " - ,~a and structmn for all w~thout d~stmctmn e~.. , with its illuminated light, grace, or, in other words, only on the . " " " " '~Vates kno l and even pubhcly and, which ~s worse, ~v}r~ . ' w edge of divine things; fonces in human nature. Such are den- . " " ,~e faith fr es era 1 m * exposing them to temptatmn m order tt0- e and protects reason 1 y the modern syste a, ge'ng by . . " ' m errors 1 im a ~ to accustom them as they say, and k,,_ . , well enriching it with different names, which e a k'nd t~',~Wledge of vari~u~ l~;n~l~ "ph~ ~f ~nt~nam,~ s~,A ~,~l~n~nd n~,~ e,~,- harden their hearts a ainst those i~:e the Church, so far from oppos- the child an([ which diminish or sup- dangers, nest]y urge your solJcitud~ and the g the culture of arts and human dis- ' " " attributing %o the child an exclusive admit the inherent fragility of hu- on these most pernicious errors which ~l~rtes, in inany ways aids and pro- press th~ authority of the educator They err gravely in not wishing to vigilance of the venerable brothers :as them, because she both knows right to initiative and activity inde- man nature, of which the Apostle are gaining too much ground among appreciates the advantages which pendent of any supernatural or di- speaL% and in neglecting also the les- Catholic peoples with grave injury to ,y _ . W con~er on life and humanity vine law in the work of his educa- sons of experience which teach that, youth. ~t Church, in fact repeats that, in tion. especially in young people, sins To obtain perfect education, it is 6'*0d earns way as the; emanate from A Truth of the Church ~ against morality are not an effect of of supreme importance to see that all i~, , the Lord of science, so, if prop- If, by any of these terms, it is in- intellectural ignorance as much as of conditions which surround the pupil di~ treated they lead to God by His tended to indicate---even if i~nprop- weak wills exposed to temptation and during the period of his formation, t~ i*as grace. The Church in no way erly--the necessity of the active co- not supported by means of grace. In namely the whole circumstances ~:~b*ds that each branch of learning operation of the pupil in his educa- this delicate subject, if all things be which come under the heading "en- ~*e its principles and methods, but tion, if this is intended to remove c0ns*dered, some individual instruc- vironment," correspond well with the 'mVirt ~- g recognized this freedom she from education despotism and rio- tion becomes necessary at the right aim in view. i:,erely Watches that they do not fall fence (which is not the proper method moment on the part of those who The first natural necessary environ- tr"i~: error bY opposing divine doe- of correction), then one would be say- have the educative mission. - raent of education is the family, to..e or overstepping their own ing the truth, but one would be say- Must Observe Precaution which is destined to this end_by the ~ ctnds, which they should occupy, to l ing nothing that the Church has not All those precautions must be ob- Creator. Hence, generally the most -~tlrp the field of fait~h." taught and put into practice in her served which conform to'the well- efficient lasting .education is 'that T" .Rgle of Didactic Freedom. traditional Christian education in ira- kno~m traditional Christian educa- ~hich is received in a weLl-ordered At ~s rule of scientific freedom is itation o~ the methods adopted by tton, well described by St. Antoninus, and disciplined Christian family. It ot tie same time an inviolable rule God himself in respect to all crea- who says: " is t~he more efficient, where more ~ l)roperly interpreted didactic free- tures which He invites to active co. "Such and so great is our-misery[clearly and constantly shines the good ~Ol~l .- be Or ~reedom of teaching. It must operation according to the nature of and our inclination toward sih that examples of the parents above all, observed in all doctrinal relations each, since His wisdom "extends with oftentimes those very things we say and others members of the family. power from one extremity to the oth- to remedy sin are made occasion for er and,, governs everything with good- and ~c~tement' " toward sin. There- hess. fore it is important that the good Bu~, alas, with the obvious signifi- father, speaking with his son or{ such cance of these terms many intend to a dangerous subject, be well "on his remove education from any depend- guard and do not go into details of ence on divine law. Hence in our various methods whereby that infer- days we see--which is in trUth a cu. nal hydra poisons such a large part of rious story---educators and philoso- the world, lest it happen that, instead p-hers who strive in search of a uni- of quenching this fire, he may i~mpru- v%rsal moral code of education just Mently awaken or light it in the sire- as if the decalogue did not exist, nor ple, tender mind of the child. Gen- evangelical law, nor the laws of ha- erally speaking while chil(lhood lasts ture which God has graven, in the it will be sufficient to use those truths heart of men and which have been which by their effect, introduco the promulgated by reason and have been virtue of chastity and close the an- as obsolete that Christian education I founded for mar~" on naturalism which is founded on divine authorityi which denies original sin besides, for and its holy laws. ]all upholders of this method, on' a de- They delude themselves ~iserably ] plorable confusion of ideas which con- who think they can free children aslfound legitimate living together of they s y, while they re.truth are ren- human beings with promiscuity and de.r.in~ f~h~Jn..~lmv.e.s_ of their b.lJn.d.I ~lalikE which reduces every one to pride and disordered passions be-the same level cause these, as a logical conseqence The Creator ordered perfect living of these false systems come to be jus- together of the two sexes only in un- tiffed as legitimate exigencies of so- ity of matrimony. Besides there is called autonomous nature, in nature itself, which makes the two A Da~gerou~ Naturalism sexes different in their organisms, But there is even worse danger in their inclinations and their attitudes, the false, irreverent and presumptu- no argument which ~an or may le- ous claim to submit to researches, ex- gitimatize promiscuity, or less still, periments and. judgments of a pro- absolute equality in the education of fane or natural order facts of a sup- the two sexes. Opposes Co-education The two sexes in conformity with the wonderful designs of the Creator are destined to complement each oth- er reciprocally in the family and in society, precisely on account of their diversity, which must therefore be maintained and favored in the educa- tive process with the necessary dis- tinction and corresponding separation of pupils in proportion to their va- rious ages and circumstances, These principles must be applied at th~ right time and right place, according to the rules of Christian prudence in all schools, especially in the delicate de- cisic~n peciod of formation, which is that of childhood. In g~:mnastic exercises and sport they must espe- cially be applied with due regard for Christian modesty of feminine youth, with regard to all forms of exhibi- tion. do o-~s We recall t~e tremen us w ru of the Divine Master, "Woe to the world because of scandals," and ear-