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Arkansas Catholic
Litlte Rock, Arkansas
March 1, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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March 1, 1930
 

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,L ~! "W~atever a Christian does. even in way cannot lead to any serious in- ~ ~:rthly things, he may no; neglect convenience and cannot but benefit ~ uPernatural benefits indeed, accord- the order and well-being of families ~ ill t ~e~ t g o the teaching of Christian dec- and the civil community by keeping _~ fine he must direct all his actions that moral s~ tOward su r ' ' " ,rn'e~0 . p eme good, thin being hls |:italy aim. All his actions besides, in Whi4 i~at they are good or bad, are sub- " i~" ct to the judgment and jurisdiction the Church" eCti~'~llI!,is worthy to note how well this ,~ :~ "Qaraental Catholic doctrine has to~la Understood and expressed by a who was a wonderful writer 1i;$~ thi~ell as a profound, conscientious " :~ ,..er: Church does not say that belong purely (in the sense of to her, but that they be- toher. The Church nev- that outside of her lap Without her teaching men can ~r know any moral code. The ~eh indeed, reproved this opinion )than once, because it appeared ~ore than one form. But the reh says, as she always has ann *Ys Will, that owing to the man- entrusted to her by Jesus Christ, to the Holy Ghost sent in by the Father, the Church ~OSsesses originally and admis- the Whole of moral truth where- l~articular truths of morals are both those which man'can the simple use of his reason- which form part of rev- can be deduced there- Church, therefore, is fully her rights when she promotes Science and arts, inasmuch as ~re necessarily beneficial to even by found- d malntaining schools and in- for every branch of learn- ~r must it be thought that physical instruction is maternal educative mis- the Church, because even Instruction may benefit or education. lNot Harm Civil Education. this work Of the Church in of culture while it is benefit to families and Which without Christ are lost, St. llarius rightly reflects: iris there more dangerous for than to refuse to accept does not do the slightest Othe civil authorities, because in her maternal prudence to her schools and to institutions conforming in to the legitimate regula- the civil authorities, and is any case to reach an under- With the civil ituthorities in Proceed in perfect agree- difficulties should arise. is at the same time the le right and indispensable Church to watch over and sons and the faithful in of institution, both public only in respect of the ~s instruction imparted there- ~lso in respect of all other ~s of learning in so far as they rqlation with religion and mot- can the exercise of this right. undue interference, maternal care on the the Church to safeguard her from :the :grave dangers of moral poisons. And this of the Church in the same far away from youth poison which in that inexperienced and mobile age usually has in prac- tice rapid and extensive effect. For without proper religious and moral ,instruction, as Leo XIII warn- ed, "every care of souls will be un- healthy; young people unaccustomed to the respect of God will~not be able to bear the discipline of honest life, and, accustomed never to deny any- thing to their greed, will easily be that the Church pre-eminently has both in right and in fact an educative mission, and it is also evident that no min~ unclouded by prejudices can find any reasonable motive to im- pede or prevent the Church in this mission of which the world now i~eaps the benefits. The rights of families, of states, and even of single individuals in what concerns the rightful freedom of science, of scientific methods and in general of profane culture, not only are not in conflict with this pre- eminence of the Church, but are in- deed in perfect harmony therewith. , ,~ ,,,, , ........ , i ; ,,, ".':,,, ,:/,, ~,,; induced to bring havoc in states." For to indicate the fundamental tea- Scope of Church's Educative Mission. son of this harmony it is sufficient As for the scope of tim Church's to reflect that the supernatural or- educative mission, it extends over all der to which the rights of the Church peoples without any limitation, ac- belong not only does not destroy or cording to Christ's command: i diminish the natural order to which "Teach ye all nations." Nbr is ltho other rights mentioned above be- there a civil power which can oppose/long, but elevates and perfects it and or prevent it. First it extends over Iboth orders help to complement each all the faithful, of whom the Church[other in a fashion proportionate to has care like a tender mother. There-Ithe nature and dignity of each, be- fore, the Church has promoted a mul-/cause both proceed from God, who titude of schools and institutions in/cannot contradict Himself. "The every branch of knowledge, because, works of God are perfect and all as we said on a recent occasion: "Even in the distant Middle Ages, in which ~ monasteries, convents, churches, colleges and cathedral chapters were so numerous, each of these institutions was a scholastic center and a center of Christian edu- cation and instruction. To all this we must add the universities scatter- ed in every country promoted by the initiative of and under the care of the Holy See and the church. That magnificent spectacle which we now see better because it is closer to us and in more grandiose comtitions His ways are judgments." Which will be more clearly under- stood when we consider specifically the educative mission of families and states. Educative Mission of Families. In the first place, the educative mission of families harmonizes per- fectly with the educative mission of the Church, because both proceed from God in very similar fashion. To families, in fact, in natural order God directly communicates fecun dity, which is the principle of life and therefore the principle of education 'Church expresses itself on this sub- ject with clearness and precision in the code of canon law, at Canon 11,- 013 as follows: "Parents are obliged to provide with every means in their power re- ligious, moral, physical and civil edu- cation for their children, providing also for their temporal well-being." On this point the common sense of mankind is so unanimous that it places in evident contradiction with common sense whoever dares to maintain that children belong to the stats before belonging to their fam- ilies, or that the state has certain absolute r~ghts over their education. There is no truth in the argument advanccd by them that man is born a citizen and therefore belongs pri- marily to the state, because it does ~ot take into consideration that man nust exist before being a citizen and existence is given him by his parents, not by the state. As Leo XIII wise- ly observed : "Sons are part of their father and a kind of extension of the person of their father. To be quite exact, they enter into civil society not for them- selves, but through the domestic com- munity where they have been cre- ated." And in addition: "The rights of parents are of~such a nature that they can be neither suppressed nor absorbed by the state, because they have the same common principle as the very life of human- ity," as Leo XIII says in the same encyclical quoted above. From this it does not follow that the educative rights of parents are absolute or despotiG because they are inseparably subordinated to the was the spectacle of all ages, and those who study it wonder at what the Church was able to do in this field and wonder at the way in which the Church has been able to absolve he~ mission entrusted to it by God of educating human generations to a Christian life. "But if We wonder at the Church being able in all ages to collect round herself hundreds of thousands and millions of pupils, no less must we wonder when we reflect what the Crburch has done, not only inthe field of education, but also dn that of in- struction. Because if so many treas- ures of culture, civilization and liter- ature have, been preserved for us, it is due to the attitude of the Church which even in the most distant days of barbarism made such a brilliant light to shine in the field of letters, philosophy, the arts and especially arcl~itecture. Mission Extend to Non-Faithful. for life, which together with author- ity is the principle of order. Our angelic doctor with his usual neatness of thought and precision of style says: "The father is the beginning of a generation of education, discipline and of all that refers to the per- fecting of human life." Families, therefore, have directly from God the mission and therefore the right to educate their children which is an inalienable right because intimately bound up with family du- ties, which are prior to any claims by civil society or by the state and there- fore inviolable by any earthly author- ity. And the Church has been able to do justice if a son, before he has the use so much because her educative mis-lot reason, were taken from the care sion extends also to the nonfaithful, t of his parents or if some one were since all men are called to enter the I to dispose of him against the wish of ultimate ends of life and natural di- vine law as Leo XIII says in another memorable encyclical on the princi- ple duties of Christian citizens, in which he summarizes the rights and duties of parents as follows: "From nature parents have the right to bring up their children with this added duty: that the education and instruction of the chil~t be in conformity with the ends in virtue of which they have had a child by, the grace of God. Parents must strive and energetically insist to pre- vent any attempt against their rights in this matter in order to insure in most absolute fashion that they re- tain the power of educating their As for the inviolability of this right offspring as Christians and above all the angelic one tells us: to keep away from those schools "A. son is naturally something o where there is danger that they may his father, hence it is natural that a drink tl~e sad poisons of impiety." son before he has the use of reason, It must also be remembered that should be under the tutelage of his the educative duties of the family not father.It would be against natural only include religious and moral edu- cation, but also physical and civil, especially in all things pertaining to religion and morals. kingdom of God and gain eternal life. As in our days when missions scat- ter thousands of schools in all re- gions and countries not yet Christian, from the River Ganges to the Yellow River and the great islands and archi- pelago of Oceania, from the Black Continent to Patagonia and to frigid Alaska, so in: all ages the Church with: missionaries educated to the Christian life and civilization various people who now form the Christian nations of the civilized world. Therefore it is firm'~y established his parents." As the duty of parents to care for their children continues until the children are able to look after them- selves, it follows that the educative mission of parents continues for the same period. The same angelic doc- tor says: "Nature means not only the gen- eration of children, but also their de- velopment and progress till they have reached man's estate or a state of virtue." Juridical Wisdom of the Church'. The juridical wisdom of the "This undeniable right of families repeatedly has been juridically rec- ognized in countries which have care and respect for natural rights. Thus to quote a recent example, the Su- preme Court of the United States in a dec~slo~ :- i". ,n an important contro- versy declared the state hadtnot the pow.er to establish a uniform type of education for youth obliging it to re- ceive instruction only in public schools, adding the reason of nat- ural right : "The child is not the mere creature of the State; those who nurture him and direct his destiny have the right,