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Arkansas Catholic
Little Rock, Arkansas
March 1, 1930     Arkansas Catholic
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March 1, 1930

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PAGE TWO THE GUARDIAN, MARCH 1, 1930 Published Weekly THE CATHOLIC PUBLICATION SOCIETY of the Diocese of Little Rock 307 ~ WEST SECOND STREET Entered as second-class matter March 21. 1911, at the postoffice At Little Rock. Ark., under the Act of Congress of March 8, 1879, SUBSCRIPTION PRICE, $2.00 THE YEAR CHANGE OF ADDRESS When a change of address is desired the subscriber should give both the old and the new address. CORRESPONDENCE Matter intended for publication in The Guardian should reach us sot later than-Wednesday morning. Brief news correspondence is Mways welcome. The kindness of the clergy in this matter is cer- tainly appreciated. RT. REV. MSGR. J. P. FISHER ............................. B'asiness Manager All communications should be addressed to, The Guardian, 3073/2 West Second Street. Little Rock, Ark. OFFICIAL ORGAN The Guardian is the official organ of the Diocese of Little Rock, ad I pray God that it may be an carnes~ champion of the cause of right, justice and truth and an ardent defender of the religion which #a all love so well. I extend to it my blessing with the sincere hope ~t its career may be long and prosperous. JNO. B. MORRIS, Bishop of Little Rock. cr~~, 16 MARCH 1, 1930 REGULATIONS FOR LENT In the Diocese of Little Rock. I. Every day of Lent except Sunday is a fast day. IL Abstinence from flesh meat is to be ob- served on Ash Wednesday, the ember days and the morning of Holy Saturday, and all Wednes- days and Fridays of Lent. Both fast and abstin- ence cease at noon on Holy Saturday. III. All persons over seven years of age are bour d to observe the laws of abstinence from flesh meat. IV. All those that have completed their twenty-first and not yet entered their sixtieth year are obliged to fast. unless excused by feeble health, hard work or other valid reasons. V. Those that are obliged to fast may take only one full meal a day, about midday. They are allowed to take in the morning a cup of coffee, tea or chocolate, with a little bread, and in the evening a collation at which butter, cheese, milk and eggs are allowed. VI. Those that cannot conveniently take the full meal at noon. may invert the order, taking the full meal in the evening and the collation in the morning or at noon. VII. Those that are obliged to fast are al- lowed to eat meat only once a day, at the full meal, on days when meat is allowed, but those excused from fasting may eat at all the meals on those days. VIII. It is no longer forbidden to eat flesh meat and fish at the same meal. IX. It is permitted on days of abstinence to use lard or fat of any animal in the preparation of food. X. Soldiers and sailors in active service, and their families staying with them, are dispensed from the law of abstinence, except on Ash Wednesday, Good Friday, forenoon of Holy Sat- urday, and the Vigil of Christmas. XI. By virtue of an Indult working people and their families are allowed the use of flesh meat on all days of the year except on Fridays, Ash-Wednesday, the forenoon of Holy Safer.- day, and the Vigil of Christmas. The time for performing the Easter Duty com- mences with the first Sunday in Lent and ex- tends to Trinity Sunday, both inclusive. JOHN BAPTIST, Bishop of Little Rock. N. B.---Pastors will read and explain these regulations on Quinquagesima Sunday at all lhe Masses. O' THE NEW PAGANISM. Modern Humanism AnAncient Movement With New Label---How History Proved Its Fatal Defects. (Continued from last week.) The'FailUre of Humanism. A lesson is written clearly across Gentile his- ory for those who would read it: Humanists by their owl knowledge are unable to arrive at a knoWledge even of all natural truths easily and with great certainty, much less the revealed .knowledge of God. The Jews, on the other hand, after the time of Moses were destined to show forth that man by his own herman power cannot save himself, subdue himself and make himself a perfect "Do not look For any end moreover to this curse Ere some god appear to accept thy pangs On his own head vicarious." I And Lo answer the yearnings of Humanist hearts, there appeared from out the heavens. Christ, the Son of God, the "Power and the Wis- dom of God"--the Power the Jews were seek- ing, and the knowledge the Gentiles were crav- ing. Our modern Humanists who ask us to reject the Superhuman Christ. either because Eternal Life is not necessary (Mr. Babbitt) or because faith in Him is reducible to "imagination" (Mr. More), are asking us to fly into the face of forty centuries of experimentation. They would have us relive the world-experiment which ended in the Incarnation and believe that man should try once more to carry on with the sufficiency of ISome One loved who not worth lay- US we are rag. We have too many systems today, and that is why the hearts of men have grown cold. Sys- tems are too abstract. "Decorum," "Common Decency" and the like do well on paper, but un- less "Decorum," "Love," "Charity," become in- carnate, man will never respond. Systems of love mean nothing, but make that love appear in a person and it means something. So, too, let "Decorum," "Restraint," "Sacrifice," appear in the person of God Incarnate and men will re- spond. That is why Mr. Chesterton, in speak- ing of the response to the person of Christ in Catholicism, could so aptly say: "There are three hundred million people in the world who accept the mysteries that I accept and live by the faith I hold. I really want to know whether it is anticipated that there will be three hun- dred million Humanists in humanity." human knowledge without faith and the suffi-I There is a difference between the Church and ciency of human power without grace, and act I Humanism. the Church appears to a person; as if the God becoming man means nothing to Humanists to a philosophy. The Church says man. To ask us to do this is to commit'theIHumanism consists in reflecting in our own lives typ!cal sin of Occidental Civilization. the sin oflthe eternal image of the person of Christ; Hu- pride. I manists say Humanism consists in reflecting in The Oriental world fell into the excess of be- lieving that God does everything and man does nothing; that is, Oriental Mysticism and Quiet- ism. Our Occidental world has fallen into the other excess of believing that man does every- thing and God does nothing--this is Humanism. The true position is the mean ; Man can do some- thing with the help of God's sustaining grace. The Oriental world needs to learn from Paul: "I can do all things in Him Who strengtheneth me," and the Occidental Humanists need to learn the words of otir Blessed Lord Himself: "Without Me you can do nothing." The Inhumanism of Humanlem. This brings us to the second criticism'of Hu- manism: it is too inhuman; it places too great a burden on poor human nature: human nature in virtue of an immortal soul has something in- finite about it: it has infinite aspirations and craving for Truth. Beauty, Love and Iife. it re- fuses to be pacified by the pleasures o time and space, ever anxious, as it were, to "swing the world a trinket at one's wrist," and mount on to the "hid battlements of Eternity," where there is nothing but the Infinite Perfection of the Life of God. To ask man to satisfy this passive capacity for the infinite by an appeal to the finite; to drink the waters of time to slake the thirst for eternity; to feed on corruptible food to satisfy the hunger for the Bread oJ Everlasting Life, and to rest in the human when one craves for God, is to hamper human nature in all that makes it human. T, his is not human, though one does call it Humanism. It is a strange paradox, but a true one, nev- ertheless, that man only becomes most human when he becomes most divine, because he has been destined from all eternity to be conform- able to the image of the Son of God. Any form of Humanism, therefore, which denies the ne- cessity of grace, and attempts to perfect man without it, is asking man to grow without an environment in which to grow. To remain on the level of the purely human, and to hold up the ideal of "decorum" is to permit man to ex- pand horizontally, in the direction of the hu- man, but not vertically, in the direction of the Divine. Humanism allows for the spreading out of man on the plane'of nature, but not his being lifted 'up on the plane of grace, and ele- vation is far more important tha expansion. Deny the Order of Grace, the realm of rise Fatherhood of God, and what environment has humanity to grow in except oor weak human- ity like himself. Plants live thanks to, an en- vironment outside themselves, an envircmmem with which their structure is in harmony. Since the soul is spiritual, man needs the environment not only of humanity, which belongs to .the realm of .his body, but the environment of spirit, which belongs to his soul, and it is only by en- tering into harmony with that ,great e viron- meet that be attains the end of his creation. That is why Humanism without the Sunerhu- man is not Humanism but Naturalism. Man by nature is not an idol but an idolater, and to our lives the abstractions of Oriental mysticism or Stoic Philosophy. Doesn't Go Far Enough. Humanism, then, is good as far as it goes, but it does not go far enough. It forgets that life is not only a push from below, but also a gift from above, and that man in his noble hu- manistic strivings has been met half way on the upward road by the Person of Christ, Who came to earth to take not merely the hand of man, but his very nature, divinize it. lift it up into intimacy with God so as to call God "Father" and make it the source and pattern of a contin- ued Incarnation, in which we would become better men because other Christs. This is the true Humanism in which we call on another "Brother" because we have leai'ned to call God "Father." because He has a "Son." No! Man cannot save himself if it was God who first saved him. But if God has saved him, than what will man be for whom God became man ? To think this out is to think out the death of Humanism. -0 - THE NEW PAGANISM. I The Error" Club, Its Rules and Its First Three Officers---Those Who Should Know Better But Don't "New" Ideas. By Rev. Fultdn Sheen, Ph.D., S. T. D. Error of the Month Club. As I run through the current periodicals every month searching for revelatibns of sound think- ing', I am struck by one astounding fact the unbuttoned erroneousness of men who should be above error. In fact, errors seem to be mul- tiplying today like the plagues of Egypt. being impossible to touch upon them all in sep- arate articles, it has seemed well to organize the Error of the Month Club, the purpose of which would be to include those who are guilty of the most egregious errors of the month. The following are the conditions of member- ship in this club: First, the error must be made by someone who should know better, but apparently does not. The Club will, therefore, include only those men who are otherwise intelligent and should be familiar with the subject matter they treat, but with which actually they are very unfamiliar. Second, in no case will membership be ex- tended to any writer because of the number of errors he commits, but only on account of the grossness of any one error. This is to exclude tIi se who, in the hope of becoming members of this club, multiply errors even unto infinity. Third, no'honorary members will be admi ed to the club, for it is dishonorable to belong to any club that commits errors. Fourth, the aim and purpose of this club to disband as rapidly as possible, in order that truth crushed to earth may rise again. Fifth, the Club will have a President, Vice- President and Secretary-Treasurer each month. a more truthful statement than the one he1 in the February number of the North Review, that "only in the thirteenth auricular confession became a law 0 Church." Very frankly Dr. Cutten. with the of history he naturally possesses as a of a great university, should know this. His authority for his statement is] ably Martin Kemnetiu, a friend of Me then, who, in his exarniiaation of the the Council of Trent, said that fession began at the time of the Fourth Council. Without appealing to any historian on that point, Dr. Cutten shoU tainly be familiar with the testimony temporary of Dr. Kemnetius, Dr. said that his friend "had forgotten that 0 erable patriarch and doctor, the great recognized and avowed himself that the of the confessional was very ancient. sionis usum quidem vetustissimum esse mur) ." History's Evidence. As Dr. Cutten cannot be ignorant of ler's testimony, neither can we expect unfamiliar with the testimony anterior Council of the Lateran and of the earl of the Church. Certainly Dr. Cutten versity president must be familiar of Alcuin, contemporary of Charlema was addressed to the monks of the of St. Martin on the very subject of confession (tome II, Opp.); nor can familiar with the decision of the Kent held in England in the year stated substantially the same thing as ell of the Lateran (Labbe t. VIII, col. can he be ignorant of the proclam berth, the Bishop of York (Ann. XXIV), that his faithful confess their priest at least three times a year. still further, he must know that text Chrysostom wherein he speaks of {he people who have to confess their sins to the representatives of God (Homil. 33 in J and the text of St. Fulgentius wherein that he confessed himself to a priest as God (In Sacrament S. Greg.): and Origen in the third cenulry who states even in the time when public still in use, one began with auricular (Horn. II, in Levit.) ; and the remar rise of Tertullian in the second century, "Penitence." in which he speaks of c( as having been instituted by our Himself, and in which he expressly people may hide their sins from the whom they confess but they cannot sins from God. Certainly, this is fession. It is not necessary to multiply otht which are at the disposal of anyone read history, and even though all silent concerning auricular confession, Dr. Cutten know that it is implied in words of our Divine Lord Himself: sins you shall forgive, they are forgive and whose sins you shall retain, they ed." How could anyone know what to what to loose, what to forgive forgive, what to absolve from and tain, unless he knew the sins. And one know sins unless they were he xd? not this imply auricular confession? It is, therefore, our prayerful wish Cutten will familiarize himself with testimony of the centuries and will the presidency of the Error of the for in all frankness we hate to see such g ar holding that place. Dr. Reiland's Claim to Off . The Vice President of the Error of the Club is the Reverend Karl Reila d, same issue of the North Amexiican (which, incidentally, has the Error of the Month Club), did not found a church or estab,Rsh a and that no ecclesiastical form of claim divine origin," but dates only fourth or fifth century. It is the latter part of this turn him back upon himself is to condemn him to selfishness which is death. A Fatal Defect. Humanism denying the absolute necessity of Christ ,suffers from the fatal defect of all such denials: It asks man to worship a system, and that, too, is inhuman. Humanism as a philo- man. They received knowledge in the form sophical system is flattering indeed to the intel- of the Ten Commandments, a gift which was lectual elite, but offers little consolation to the denied to the Gentile world.- It remained, man without a job or a heart burdened with sin therefore, for them to prove the other sad lea- Not everyone c tn be cultured: There were sire- The President will be the one who committed which we are at present concerned, 1' the greatest error. The Vice-President will be ,permits us only to touch upon it briefl the one who has made the second greatest error,[ tinguished churchman, Dr. Reiland and the Secretary-Treasurer the one whose er- ror stands third in the line of egregiousness. No officer will be permitted to hold his position longer than one month, because of the rivalry for the offices themselves. The First Selections. cannot be ignorant of the episcopal were drawn up in Rome, Antioch, and Jerusalem. In each instance the these particular cities were traced or another of the Apostles. Iraneus the Roman list, tracing the succe,, The PreSident for this month is Dr. George Roman Pontiff from Eleutherius, then Barton Cutten, president of Colgate University; (175-189), back to Peter (Contra. son that by their own power they could not save ple shepherds as well as wise men at the crib themselves. Forty centuries of humanistic experiment passed and humanity learned the lesson of the insufficiency of human knowledge and human power. Help was needed: Humanism was not enough. Cries multiplied to God, not only on the part of the Jews, who asked for the Heavens to bud down a Saviour, but also on the part of the Greeks, who in their great tragedies pleaded for a Redeemer in the words of Aeschylus :, the Vice-President is the Reverend Karl Reil- 3). Eusebiuagives the Antiochian list ............ , - - and, D D, Rector of St George's Episcopal Peter was head there in the year 42 oI t nrlst, ano no Will eny nao a place . . there Love of the best is an easv idealto fol- Church, New York City, and the Secretary- lEg ome (H. E. III, XXXVI, 2). [low when those whom we love are the best Treasurer is Mr. Charles Hall Perry, who char-tgives also the Alexandrian list, tracing but it means little when we are face to face wiih acterizes himself as a "New Englander by birth,]to Mark (H. E. II, x VI), and the Juda ................ I breedin and 1o alt " ltian list of Jerusalem tracing it back to [nose wflO, Irom rne fluntan poin ox view, areI g Y Y' . not worth loving, such as the broken human The dubious honor of being president of this[ (H. E. IV, v. V. XII). The most cursory* l earthenware of our big city streets who carry]club falls to the learned and distinguished Dr [of tl e texts here indicated would co: [sandwich signs to inform ti e rich of new lax iCutten, who in virtue of his training, his knowl-lhonest man that the episcopacy goes Juries. There is only one reason for loving thos;[edge of history and his grasp of educational and[ther than the fourth or fifth century. [who are not worth loving, and that is because [rdligious problems should be fitted for makingl (Continued next week.)